Sukru Yildirim

Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Engüri, Ankara, Turkey

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Publications (16)39.74 Total impact

  • Clinical nephrology 02/2009; 71(1):100-2. · 1.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Colonization with Helicobacter pylori (HP) may have major clinical consequences and HP virulence factors are associated with more severe gastroduodenal pathologies. In this study, prevalence of HP in patients with Non-Ulcer Dyspepsia (NUD) was determined by rapid urease test and culture and correlations of histopathologic changes with bacterial virulence factors and serologic profiles were investigated. Gastric biopsies from sixty-nine patients admitted to Haydarpasa Training Hospital Department of Gastroenterology were evaluated for rapid urease, HP isolation and examined histopathologically. PCR was employed for HP confirmation and detection of HP cagA, cagE and virB11 genes. For each patient, IgG and IgA antibodies and anti-cagA antibodies were also determined by ELISA tests. HP was isolated and confirmed by PCR in 74% (51/69) of the patients. Anti-HP IgG and IgA were detected in 96% (49/51) and 53% (27/51), respectively. Anti-cagA were present in 51% (26/51). cagA, cagE and virB11 were positive in 56.8% (29/51), 60.7% (31/51) and 58.8% (30/51) of the patients, respectively. Statistically significant correlation was observed between cagA PCR and inflammation/activity scores. Detection of cagA by molecular assays can be an alternative test that can be employed for individual patient assessment.
    Central European Journal of Medicine 03/2008; 3(1). · 0.21 Impact Factor
  • Archives of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery 05/2007; 133(4):412, 415. · 1.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study evaluates the possibility of enhancing the beneficial effect of the delay procedure by using hyperbaric oxygen therapy, and the possibility of lessening the time required for maximal effect of delay procedure. Eight male Wistar rats were used in each of 10 groups. The surgical delay method was applied to the caudally based dorsal rat flap by incising the longitudinal borders and undermining the flap. In the first five groups, 3-, 7-, 10-, 14-, and 21-day delay periods were applied, and in the other five groups, hyperbaric oxygen therapy was applied during the delay periods. Blood circulation was measured with a laser Doppler flowmeter, and flap survival lengths were recorded. Histological analysis for vascular counting and determining vascular areas and microangiographic analysis for monitoring vascular status were performed. In addition to the flap viabilities being increased, the maximum effect of the delay procedure could be achieved earlier with hyperbaric oxygen therapy. Blood circulation in the flaps, vascular counts, and vascular areas were increased by applying hyperbaric oxygen during the delay period. Microangiographic results confirmed the beneficial effect of hyperbaric oxygen treatment. Hyperbaric oxygen treatment during the delay period can lessen the time period needed for the delay procedure and increase the effect of the delay itself.
    Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 02/2007; 119(1):86-94. · 3.33 Impact Factor
  • Clinical Nuclear Medicine 04/2006; 31(3):154-6. · 2.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Use of mucolytic agents that result in reduced mucous viscosity of the gastric mucous has been suggested to have an additive effect in curing Helicobacter pylori infection. Seventy Hpylori-positive patients were given either eradication treatment consisting of 500 mg clarithromycin bid and 30 mg lansoprazole bid for 10 days plus 10 mL (400 mg) N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) liquid tid (AC group) or eradication treatment only (control group). The results were compared 1 month after the completion of the treatment. Fifty-eight patients were available for statistical analysis. Of the 28 patients in the AC group, 14 (50.0%) eradicated the infection after treatment, whereas only 7 of 30 (23.3%) patients in the control group had negative results. The difference between the AC group and the control group was statistically significant (P = 0.034). In both groups, there was no difference in the number of smokers and in the eradication rates between smokers and nonsmokers. Eradication treatment with or without NAC caused no significant side effects in either group. Our findings suggest that NAC has an additive effect on the eradication rates of H pylori obtained with dual therapy with lansoprazole and clarithromycin. NAC does not have any known activity against H pylori, but it may improve the delivery of antibiotics at the site of infection due to its ability to reduce the thickness of the mucus.
    Southern Medical Journal 12/2005; 98(11):1095-7. · 1.12 Impact Factor
  • Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 11/2005; 20(10):2290-2. · 3.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effects of topical application of Mitomycin-C (MMC) and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) for maintaining myringotomy patency were investigated in this experimental study. We performed simple myringotomy with a knife on 140 tympanic membranes of 70 rats. Rats were divided in two study groups and a control group. Each study group had 60 tympanic membranes, and the control group had 20. We applied Mitomycin-C (0.4 mg/ml) in Group A, 5-fluorouracil (50 mg/ml) in Group B topically, and sterile saline in the control group for 10 minutes. Examination was made with otoendoscope on days 1, 3, 5, 7, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40, 45, 50, 55, 60, 65, and 70, and patency rates were recorded. MMC and 5-FU Groups remained open for a mean of 46.17 days and 14.62 days, respectively. The control ears healed within 10.4 days. Fibrosis of the MMC-treated group was the same as that of 5-FU-treated groups. Fibrosis of both study groups was significantly lower than that of the control group. MMC is more effective than 5-FU, which is more effective than the simple myringotomy procedure in extending the patency of myringotomies in rat tympanic membranes (p < 0.05). Both medications are useful as an adjunct in preventing myringotomy closure.
    Ontology & Neurotology 06/2005; 26(3):351-4. · 1.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to compare the effects of mitomycin-C (MMC) and 5-fluorouracil/triamcinolone acetonide (5-FU/TA) on the development of fibrosis/scar tissue formation of rabbit subglottic area, which is injured acutely. After standardized trauma to subglottic area the rabbits were divided into those that received treatment and those that did not (controls). The subjects were treated with either topical 0.4 mg/mL MMC or 5 mg 5-FU/TA injection. Those groups were further divided into subgroups depending on the time of examination: at 2 or 6 weeks. Each subgroup had 4 rabbits. The specimens were examined histopathologically and the measurements were performed using a software. The fibrosis indices (FIs) of the treated subgroups were significantly less than the FIs of their corresponding control subgroups (P<.05). The difference in FIs of the MMC-treated and 5-FU/TA-treated groups was not statistically significant (P>.05). MMC and 5-FU/TA did not interfere with regeneration of the epithelium although in 2 cases treated with 5-FU/TA the regenerated epithelium showed squamous metaplasia. Both MMC and 5-FU/TA decrease fibrosis/scar tissue formation secondary to experimentally induced acute subglottic trauma. There is no significant difference between the effects of the 2 drugs.
    American Journal of Otolaryngology 01/2005; 26(1):45-50. · 1.08 Impact Factor
  • Otology & Neurotology - OTOL NEUROTOL. 01/2005; 26(3):351-354.
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    ABSTRACT: Octreotide, a long-acting somatostatin analogue, has been used in the treatment of various disorders. Octreotide has significant detrimental impacts upon wound healing. We tested the hypothesis that hyperbaric oxygen therapy may overcome octreotide-mediated suppression of wound healing. Prospective, randomised, parallel-group animal study. Operated rats were divided into four groups: (1) controls, (2) octreotide therapy, (3) hyperbaric oxygen therapy and (4) combination of octreotide and hyperbaric oxygen therapy. Wound healing was assessed by breaking-strength measurements, hydroxyproline levels and fibrosis scores. Octreotide decreased the breaking-strength measurements, hydroxyproline levels and fibrosis scores to 72%, 88% and 55%, respectively, of the control group. In the combination group, hyperbaric oxygen therapy increased breaking-strength measurements and hydroxyproline levels to 137% and 126%, respectively, of the control group. In the combination group, hyperbaric oxygen therapy tended to increase the fibrosis scores to 111% of the control group, but without statistical significance. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy tends to reverse the octreotide-induced impairment of wound healing.
    European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology 06/2004; 16(5):475-8. · 2.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There is a small number of studies in adult nonpalpable testes cases, and there is no published paper on the diagnostic value of their ultrasonographic examination. In this prospective study, we compared the sonographic and laparoscopic findings in adult cases with nonpalpable testes to assess the necessity and the profits of ultrasound. 50 cases, 38 unilateral and 12 bilateral, with nonpalpable testes were investigated. Patients' ages ranged from 20 to 25 years with a mean of 22. Sonographic examinations were performed with a high-resolution ultrasonography device. Laparoscopic evaluation of the patients with unilateral nonpalpable testis yielded 27 testes out of a total 38. In one case, the testis was detected in the inguinal canal with inguinal exploration. The remaining 10 cases were regarded as vanishing testes. All 24 testes of 12 patients with bilateral nonpalpable testes were found. The pre-laparoscopic ultrasonographic examination detected 20 of 24 testes in bilateral cases (83% sensitivity), and 17 of 26 testes in unilateral cases (65% sensitivity). Our results suggest that ultrasonography does not exclude the necessity for laparoscopy, and it is not superior to physical examination in detection of the inguinal atrophic testes or testicular nubbin.
    European Urology 08/2003; 44(1):124-7. · 12.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study was designed to investigate therapeutic effects of hyperbaric oxygen on experimentally induced colitis in rats by assessing oxidative tissue damage, neutrophil accumulation and histological changes. Six groups of animals were used. No procedures were done in the sham group. In the vehicle group, 50% ethanol-induced colitis, and in four other groups, 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulphonic acid-induced colonic inflammation was achieved. In acute and chronic colitis non-treatment groups, no other procedure was done. In acute and chronic colitis hyperbaric oxygen treatment groups, rats underwent hyperbaric oxygen treatment for two or fourteen days. On the third and fifteenth days respectively tissue and blood samples were taken for microscopic and macroscopic damage assessment, myeloperoxidase activity and serum carbonyl content measurements. There was significant colonic tissue damage in non-treatment groups at 48 hours and 14 days. Hyperbaric oxygen treatment ameliorated the macroscopic damage significantly in chronic colitis. Amelioration of microscopic changes was not significant in each hyperbaric oxygen-treated group. Hyperbaric oxygen treatment significantly reduced tissue myeloperoxidase activity in acute colitis and decreased plasma carbonyl content in chronic colitis. In the present study, hyperbaric oxygen treatment significantly ameliorated trinitrobenzene sulphonic acid-induced chronic colitis in rats.
    Undersea & hyperbaric medicine: journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc 02/2002; 29(4):279-85. · 0.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The primary source of ammonia is the gut. Ammonia can also be generated by the urease activity of Helicobacter pylori in the gastric mucosa. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of H. pylori eradication on blood and gastric juice ammonia levels and on visual evoked potential (VEP) recordings in cirrhotic patients. Male patients with cirrhosis and H. pylori infection were prospectively evaluated. All patients were given triple regimen for eradication for 10 days. Gastroscopy together with gastric juice sampling for ammonia and mucosal sampling for H. pylori status was performed before and after therapy. Gastric juice and blood ammonia levels were measured and VEP recordings were obtained before and after treatment. Twenty-seven patients were included in the study. Patients with overt clinical hepatic encephalopathy were excluded from the study. Twenty-four out of twenty-seven patients became H. pylori-negative after the treatment. Ammonia measurements and VEP recordings were evaluated in the 24 patients in whom eradication was successful. A slight but statistically significant decrease in blood and a considerable decrease in gastric juice ammonia levels were observed after treatment [from 44.23 micromol/l to 41.6 micromol/l compared with 3234 micromol/l to 2709 micromol/l, respectively (p <.05)] in patients in whom H. pylori was eradicated. VEP recordings were abnormal in 14 out of 24 patients before the treatment. Only four of these 14 patients with abnormal recordings showed improvement. (p > .05). Helicobacter pylori eradication in cirrhotics decreases blood and gastric juice ammonia concentrations whereas it does not provide an improvement in VEP recordings.
    Helicobacter 01/2002; 6(4):325-30. · 2.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: CagA seropositivity is closely associated with that of vacuolating cytotoxin (VacA). Helicobacter pylori strains positive for both VacA and CagA were reported to be strongly associated with peptic ulcer disease. Different results reporting that cagA gene is not associated with more serious diseases, lowers the importance of CagA protein as a marker. In this study, CagA seropositivity is examined in Turkish peptic ulcer and nonulcer dyspepsia patients; histopathologic scores of CagA (+) and CagA (-) groups were compared. Sixty consecutive patients (one gastric ulcer, 13 duodenal ulcer and 46 nonulcer dyspepsia) (mean age 40.9 +/- 14.7; 33 women, 27 men) with dyspeptic complaints who underwent upper gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy were included. Biopsies from the antrum and corpus were used for histopathologic examination and for rapid urease test. H. pylori-negative patients comprised the control group. Histopathologic findings were graded using a previously described grading system (for inflammation, activity, atrophy, intestinal metaplasia and H. pylori, grades from 0 to 3 were used to quantify the findings). In H. pylori-positive patients, antibodies against CagA protein were determined using an ELISA METHOD: H. pylori was (+) in 46 patients. One duodenal ulcer and 13 nonulcer dyspepsia patients were negative for H. pylori. CagA positivity is significantly higher in peptic ulcer patients [12/12] than in nonulcer dyspepsia patients [25/33]. While inflammation, activity and atrophy scores were significantly higher in CagA positive patients, intestinal metaplasia and H. pylori load scores were not. Although the histopathologic scores in controls were lower than CagA (-) group, statistical significance was observed only in inflammation and intestinal metaplasia scores. Development of more prominent gastritis and severe atrophy in CagA (+) patients is an indicator of the importance of CagA rather than H. pylori load. Therefore, we suggest that nonulcer dyspepsia patients should also be tested for CagA status along with the tests for H. pylori status; and a positive CagA testing should be considered as an indication for eradication treatment. If CagA is negative, further assesment should be performed to decide whether or not to treat the patient.
    Helicobacter 07/2001; 6(2):163-8. · 2.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: New prognostic factors in gastric carcinoma to determine the prognosis of the disease or to identify patients who will benefit from adjuvant therapy are being researched. The aim of this study is to investigate the correlation between microvessel count (MVC) and various clinicopathologic features in gastric carcinoma in order to evaluate the role of angiogenesis on the prognosis of gastric cancer. Fifty-seven patients who underwent surgical intervention for gastric carcinoma between 1993 and 1997 were reviewed retrospectively. The relationship between MVC and various clinicopathological features was assessed. The effect of angiogenesis on overall survival and the role of MVC and other prognostic factors on distant metastases were assessed by multivariate analysis. Microvessels were outlined by anti-factor VIII, which is a specific monoclonal antibody to factor VIII in vessel endothelial cells, using the streptavidin-biotin method and counted under light microscopy x200 magnification. There was no correlation between MVC and age or sex of the patient, duration of symptoms or tumor size. Proximally located, undifferentiated, diffuse type, serosal invasion positive, lymph node invasion positive, advanced stage, or distantly metastasized tumors had higher MVCs. Higher MVCs affected the overall survival adversely. Lymph node metastasis, serosal invasion and MVC were found as independent prognostic factors affecting distant metastases. MVC was the sole factor affecting recurrent liver metastasis. It is concluded that MVC in gastric carcinoma may be a valuable prognostic factor to predict patients at high-risk for possible recurrences and to decide on postoperative adjuvant therapy.
    Digestive Surgery 02/2000; 17(6):581-586. · 1.74 Impact Factor