M Federighi

University of Nantes, Naoned, Pays de la Loire, France

Are you M Federighi?

Claim your profile

Publications (64)131.7 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to develop a probabilistic model in order to determine the contamination level of Salmonella and Listeria monocytogenes in ready-to-cook poultry meat, after a high pressure (HP) treatment. The model included four steps: i) Reception of raw meat materials, mincing and mixing meat, ii) Partitioning and packaging into 200-g modified atmosphere packs, iii) High pressure treatment of the meat, and iv) Storage in chilled conditions until the end of the shelf-life. The model excluded the cooking step and consumption at consumer's home as cooking practices and heating times are highly variable. The initial contamination level of Salmonella and L. monocytogenes was determined using data collected in meat primary processing plants. The effect of HP treatment and potassium lactate on microbial reduction was assessed in minced meat, using a full factorial design with three high pressure treatments (200, 350 and 500MPa), three holding times (2, 8 and 14min) and two potassium lactate concentrations (0 or 1.8% w/w). The inactivation curves fitted with a Weibull model highlighted that the inactivation rate was significantly dependent on the HP treatment. From the literature, it was established that Salmonella was not able to grow in the presence of lactate, under modified atmosphere and chilled conditions whereas the growth of L. monocytogenes was determined using an existing model validated in poultry (available in Seafood Spoilage and Safety Predictor software, V. 3.1). Once implemented in the Excel add-in @Risk, the model was run using Monte Carlo simulation. The probability distribution of contamination levels was determined for various scenarios. For an average scenario such as an HP treatment of 350MPa for 8min, of 200g minced meat containing 1.8% lactate (pH6.1; aw 0.96), conditioned under 50% CO2, the prevalence rate of Salmonella and L. monocytogenes, after a 20-day storage at 6°C was estimated to be 4.1% and 7.1%, respectively. The contamination level was low considering that the product is going to be cooked by the consumer afterwards: the 99th percentile of the distribution was equal to -2.3logcfu/g for Salmonella and 0.5logcfu/g for L. monocytogenes. More generally, the model developed here from raw material reception up to the end of the shelf-life enables to recommend combinations of HP treatment and lactate formulation to guarantee an acceptable microbial concentration before cooking.
    International journal of food microbiology. 06/2014; 186C:74-83.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The contribution of modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) in extending the shelf-life of high-pressure treated raw poultry sausages was examined by considering microbial and oxidative stability (TBARs) aspects. Raw poultry sausages packaged under air or modified atmosphere (50% CO2 – 50% N2) were pressurized at 500 MPa during 5 min at a maximum temperature of 10.5 °C, subsequently allowed to refrigerated storage during 22 days. During storage, samples were tested at time intervals for headspace gas composition, pH, TBARs, Aerobic Mesophilic Counts (AMC) and Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB) counts. The high pressure treatment could represent an efficient means of extending the microbiological shelf-life, insofar as it reduced and stabilized the AMC and LAB counts. However, the MAP did not further improve the microbial quality. But, still, by limiting lipid oxidation, it remains an essential technology for the control of the organoleptic quality, another important characteristic to consider in shelf-life determinations. Industrial relevance Raw poultry meat and especially raw ground poultry meat, such as raw poultry sausages is highly perishable.Economic challenges and busier lifestyles have consumers seeking out products with longer and longer shelf-lives. Manufacturers have to respond to this demand by improving processes. The use of alternative preservation techniques such as high hydrostatic pressure represents a promising strategy to enhance the shelf-life of meat products and is preferred by consumers to addition of food additives. Modified Amosphere Packaging is largely used to extend the shelf-life of processed meat products. Manufacturers may question the relevance of maintaining MAP while introducing a new step of high pressure treatment in their process. This study showed that MAP significantly reduced lipid oxidation. In that way, MAP remains necessary to maintain organoleptic quality of pressurized raw poultry sausages.
    Innovative Food Science & Emerging Technologies 01/2014; · 2.53 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Our study focuses on a foodborne pathogen, Campylobacter, which is responsible for the most frequent bacterial enteritis worldwide. Membrane integrity of Campylobacter jejuni NCTC 11168 cells treated at high pressure (300 MPa, 20°C, 10 min) at pH 7.0 and pH 5.6 was measured by fluorescence spectroscopy of propidium iodide (PI) uptake. The percentage of membrane-damaged cells by high pressure, in which PI is allowed to penetrate, was determined using two calibration methods based on the PI fluorescence signal obtained with cells killed either by a heat treatment (80°C for 15 min) or by a pressure treatment (400 MPa, 20°C, 10 min). Both calibrations were shown to be statistically different (P<0.05), particularly at acidic pH, suggesting that a difference in the penetration of PI into bacterial cells might depend on the mode of cell inactivation. These results corroborate the fact that the mechanism of microbial inactivation by high pressure is pH-dependent.
    High Pressure Research 01/2012; 32(1):89-96. · 0.90 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: High Pressure has traditionally been used for many years in the fields of geology and chemistry. This technique was first applied in the food industry, in Japan, in the late 1980s. This technology, also named pascalization, consists in maintaining the product at very high hydrostatic pressure (100-1000 MPa) for a definite time and temperature. The high hydrostatic pressure treatment is considered as a nonthermal process capable of inactivating and eliminating pathogenic and food spoilage microorganisms. This novel technology has great potential improving food safety and extending food products shelf-life while preserving their organoleptic properties. Today, more than 160 industrial vessels are under work and more and more high-pressure-treated products are available in the market. In this paper, effects of high hydrostatic pressure treatment on food constituents and microorganisms are reviewed.
    Revue de Médecine Vétérinaire. 01/2012; 163(12):595-614.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Campylobacter jejuni is one of the most intriguing human foodborne bacterial pathogen. Its survival throughout the food processing chain and its pathogenesis mechanisms in humans remain enigmatic. Living in the animal guts and particularly in avian intestine as a commensal bacterium, this microorganism is frequently isolated from meat products. Ultra high pressure (HP) is a promising alternative to thermal technology for microbial safety of foodstuffs with less organoleptic and nutritional alterations. Its application could be extended to meat products potentially contaminated by C. jejuni. To evaluate the response of Campylobacter to this technological stress and subsequent recovery at a molecular level, a dynamic 2-DE-based proteomic approach has been implemented. After cultivation, C. jejuni cells were conditioned in a high-pressure chamber and transferred to fresh medium for recovery. The protein abundance dynamics at the proteome scale were analyzed by 2-DE during the cellular process of cell injury and recovery. Monitoring protein abundance through time unraveled the basic metabolisms involved in this cellular process. The significance of the proteome evolution modulated by HP and subsequent recovery is discussed in the context of a specific cellular response to stress and recovery of C. jejuni with 69 spots showing significant changes through time.
    Journal of proteomics 11/2011; 75(4):1144-56. · 5.07 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In the present study, the efficiency of a broad-spectrum pulsed ultraviolet (UV)-light for the inactivation of Listeria monocytogenes Scott A, L. monocytogenes CNL 895807, and Pseudomonas fluorescens MF37 populations as agar seeded or suspended cells was investigated. The bacterial populations were treated by pulsed UV-light at different number of pulses (1 to 3), dose of energy (162, 243, or 324 J), and distance from the strobe (4, 9, or 12 cm). After pulsed UV-light treatment, the bacterial reduction was determined by standard plate count. The results showed that there was a significant reduction of population along with an increase of light energy and number of pulses. Decreasing the distance between the Petri dishes and the xenon lamp demonstrated an increase in bacterial reduction. Decontamination efficacy decreased significantly with the increase in level of contamination. This study demonstrates that pulsed UV-light can be used as an effective sterilizing method for the bacteria.
    Foodborne Pathogens and Disease 11/2010; 7(11):1401-6. · 2.28 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Campylobacter jejuni (C. jejuni) is a leading cause of human enteritis worldwide and the most frequently reported zoonotic agent in the European Union. Despite the fact that C. jejuni is a microaerobic bacteria, known as a fragile one, it is able to survive through adverse conditions such as oxidative stress. The purpose of this study was first to test the oxidative stress resistance in 22 C. jejuni strains of various origins, and to compare adhesive and invasive abilities of four selected strains in the intestinal cell line Ht-29. Secondly, the effect of an oxidative stress on C. jejuni adhesion to Ht-29 cells was investigated. Results show that all the tested strains were able to survive after a 24-h incubation period in broth containing 10 μM of paraquat. From 12.5 μM of paraquat, bacterial strains exhibit different behaviour, and only three strains are able to survive at 25 μM of paraquat. In addition, this study revealed that the number of bound bacteria to epithelial cells increases with augmentation of paraquat concentration, suggesting a link between oxidative stress survival of C. jejuni and virulence on Ht-29 cells.
    Current Microbiology 04/2010; 61(6):500-5. · 1.52 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Listeria monocytogenes has been recognized as a human pathogen for decades and is known to be an important foodborne pathogen. There have been no documented foodborne L. monocytogenes illnesses due to the consumption of eggs or egg products, even though the bacterium has been isolated from faeces, body fluid, and oviducts of asymptomatic laying hens. In order to describe L. monocytogenes contamination of egg products, 144 liquid whole egg samples were collected from 3 different egg-breaking plants during 3 sampling periods. L. monocytogenes detection was performed on raw samples stored at 2 degrees C for two days (D+2) and on pasteurized samples stored at 2 degrees C at D+2 and at shelf-life date (SLD). L. monocytogenes was detected in 25 of the 144 raw egg samples collected, in 4 of the 144 pasteurized egg samples at D+2 and in 2 of the 144 ones analysed at SLD. Contamination of raw egg products appeared to be season dependant and was higher during summer and winter than during autumn. One hundred and ninety-six L. monocytogenes isolates were collected and serotyped; 3 serovars were demonstrated. The dominant serovar was L. monocytogenes 1/2a which was presented by 94.4% of the isolates. Typing of 196 L. monocytogenes isolates was carried out by macrorestriction of the genomic DNA with ApaI and AscI enzymes followed by pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). A large diversity was observed with 21 genotypes of L. monocytogenes, even for a given manufacturer. Nevertheless, most of the egg product samples were contaminated by one genotype, except for five samples which were contaminated by two or three distinct genotypes. The genotypes seem to be specific to each manufacturer. No cluster of L. monocytogenes was found to recur in the different plants over successive seasons.
    International journal of food microbiology 03/2010; 138(1-2):56-62. · 3.01 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Campylobacteriosis has been recognized as the major bacterial food-borne infection worldwide. Campylobacter, especially C. jejuni, contaminate mainly poultry meat. Although more sensitive than other food-borne pathogens to many stresses, C. jejuni can survive food processing and go on to reach its final reservoir (the human gut). Genomic analyses of this organism indicate a lack of genes described in other gram-negative bacteria to overcome stresses. The high-pressure recovery response of C. jejuni 81-176 was analyzed from two-dimensional electrophoretic profiles of the cytoplasmic proteome. The main cellular mechanisms controlling the down- and upregulated proteins are discussed.
    Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 02/2010; 1189:133-8. · 4.38 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Recombinant divercin RV41 (DvnRV41) and its structural variants were used in this study to assess their antilisterial activities in vivo in mice challenged intravenously with Listeria monocytogenes EGDe. Treatment with DvnRV41 before and after infection permitted a conclusion as to the capacities of this peptide to retain activity and reduce growth of L. monocytogenes EGDe. Moreover, the use of structural variants for the first time in vivo and the reductions of their activities confirmed the importance of certain amino acids in antilisterial activity.
    Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 10/2009; 54(1):563-4. · 4.57 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Campylobacter jejuni is a leading cause of bacterial gastroenteritis worldwide. Infection generally occurs after ingestion of contaminated poultry products, usually conserved at low temperatures. The mechanisms promoting survival of C. jejuni in the cold remain poorly understood despite several investigations. The present study provides insight into the survival mechanism by establishing the involvement of polynucleotide phosphorylase (PNPase), a 3'-5' exoribonuclease with multiple biological functions in cold survival. The role of PNPase was demonstrated genetically using strains with altered pnp genes (which encode PNPase) created in C. jejuni F38011 and C. jejuni 81-76 backgrounds. Survival assays carried out at low temperatures (4 and 10 degrees C) revealed a difference of 3 log CFU/ml between the wild-type and the pnp deletion (Deltapnp) strains. This did not result from a general requirement for PNPase because survival rates of the strains were similar at higher growth temperatures (37 or 42 degrees C). trans-Complementation with plasmid pNH04 carrying the pnp gene under the control of its natural promoter restored the cold survival phenotype to the pnp deletion strains (at 4 and 10 degrees C) but not to the same level as the wild type. In this study we demonstrate the role of PNPase in low-temperature survival of C. jejuni and therefore attribute a novel biological function to PNPase directly related to human health.
    Applied and environmental microbiology 10/2009; 75(23):7310-8. · 3.69 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To study the diversity and virulence of Listeria monocytogenes isolated from sludge. A total of 60 isolates of L. monocytogenes from sludge were characterized by serotyping, PFGE typing and using in vitro and in vivo virulence assays. The PFGE patterns were compared with those of food and human isolates to determine whether specific group clones are associated with environmental samples. The 60 isolates gave 44 different combined ApaI/AscI PFGE patterns. The PFGE patterns of most isolates were similar or very similar to those of epidemic isolates. The majority (93%) of isolates were found to be virulent by plaque-forming assay and by mouse virulence assay. Our findings suggest that L. monocytogenes strains found in non-sanitized sludge are virulent and represent a potential health hazard. Although no case of listeriosis related to sludge spread onto agricultural land has been reported, particular attention to this pathogen is needed. This is the first study dealing with the characterization of L. monocytogenes isolates from non-sanitized sludge samples by molecular typing methods and in vitro and in vivo virulence assays. Our findings provide relevant information for evaluating the health risks associated with spreading sludge onto agricultural land.
    Journal of Applied Microbiology 08/2009; 108(4):1380-8. · 2.20 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The adhesion to an inert surface (the first step of biofilm formation) of the two main pathogenic Campylobacter species, Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli, isolated from diverse origins, was compared. Adhesion assays were conducted in 96-well, polystyrene microtiter plates using the BioFilm Ring Test method. This new technique, based on magnetic bead entrapment, was shown to be suitable for analysing the adhesion of Campylobacter sp. strains by comparing the adhesion of four C. jejuni strains as revealed by the BioFilm Ring Test and immunodetection. Among the 46 strains tested, C. jejuni and C. coli displayed different adhesion capabilities ranging from no adhesion to strong adhesion. However, no strain of C. coli was strongly adherent, and statistically, C. coli adhered less to an inert surface than C. jejuni. In addition, strains isolated from animals or carcasses were less adherent than those isolated from food-processing and clinical cases. These observations suggest that the food environment and the human body could have selected strains with greater adhesion. The adhesion capability of strains could partly explain the cross-contamination or re-contamination of food products by Campylobacter. This property could provide a mode of survival for Campylobacter in the food chain.
    Journal of Applied Microbiology 08/2009; 108(4):1303-12. · 2.20 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The influence of environmental (temperature and pH) and biological (strain) parameters on the inactivation of Campylobacter jejuni by high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) was investigated. Two clinical strains harvested in stationary phase were pressurized at 20 degrees C and 37 degrees C within a range of 50-400 MPa, in a phosphate (pH 7.0) or a citrate phosphate buffer (pH 5.6), for 10 min. Treatment efficiencies were determined by logarithmic comparisons of culturable cells on blood agar before and after treatment. Results were statistically compared using an anova of culturable cells after treatment to evaluate the effect of all factors. At least a 7-log reduction in cell numbers was observed for both strains. The pH and the strains had no effect on HHP treatment at 20 degrees C while at 37 degrees C, both pH and strain influenced significantly the HHP treatment on C. jejuni. The pressure efficacy on C. jejuni eradication was affected by both environmental and biological factors. Depending on the treatment conditions, C. jejuni sensitivity to HHP can significantly vary. The determination of the inactivation treatment by HPP has to be normalized considering the interaction of environmental and biological factors.
    Letters in Applied Microbiology 02/2009; 48(2):198-202. · 1.63 Impact Factor
  • M Ritz, A Garenaux, M Berge, M Federighi
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Campylobacter jejuni represents one of the major causes of bacterial enteritis caused by food in humans. There are still mechanisms to be deciphered to better understand better its physiology and pathogenesis. Study of gene expression levels by RT-qPCR could be used, but to be accurate and reproducible, a good internal control has to be chosen. The aim of this study was to identify a highly stable housekeeping gene in Campylobacter jejuni that could constitute a good internal control to study gene expression variations between different growth phases or stress conditions. Expression levels of six different housekeeping genes (gyrA, ilvC, rpoA, slyD, thiC and rrs) were measured by RT-qPCR under different conditions (exponential phase, stationary phase, cold shock, cold shock+oxidative stress, oxidative stress). The rpoA gene was chosen as the best internal control. In a previous study, 9 proteins were identified as involved in oxidative stress response, among which 3 virulence factors. Expression levels of genes coding for these proteins was evaluated by RT-qPCR using rpoA as an internal control. The results obtained were concordant with what had been observed at the proteomic level, validating the methods used and confirming the hypothesis of a potential link between oxidative stress and virulence factors expression.
    Journal of Microbiological Methods 12/2008; 76(2):196-200. · 2.16 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Campylobacter jejuni represents one of the leading causes of bacterial enteritis throughout the world. Poultry is an important source of C. jejuni. Despite hygiene measures taken in the production chain, C. jejuni is frequently isolated from poultry meat. C. jejuni is a microaerophilic pathogen, affected by oxidative stress. Freeze-thaw treatment induces cell death by several mechanisms, including oxidative stress. In this article, we investigate the role of oxidative stress in C. jejuni sensitivity during and after a freeze-thaw treatment. This treatment results in dead and sublethally injured cells. The latter population might have an increased sensitivity to oxidative stress. To test this, cells were stored for another 24 h at 4 degrees C under aerobic conditions and compared to cells that were not treated. C. jejuni survival was measured in different media (water, BHI broth, chicken juice, and chicken fillets) to test the environment protective effect. Different strains were tested, including sodB (encoding the superoxide dismutase) and cj1371 (encoding a periplasmic protein) mutants. Cell death was particularly important in water but similar in BHI, chicken juice, and chicken fillets. The sodB mutant was more sensitive to freeze-thaw treatment, suggesting that the killing mechanism involves production of superoxide anions. On the contrary, the cj1371 mutant was more sensitive to storage at 4 degrees C, suggesting that it does not play a role in the detoxification of reactive oxygen species. Storage at 4 degrees C after freeze-thaw treatment increases cell death of oxidative stress-sensitive populations. Sensitization to oxidative stress, freeze-thaw treatment, and further storage at 4 degrees C could be a way to reduce C. jejuni populations on carcasses.
    Current Microbiology 11/2008; 58(2):134-8. · 1.52 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Campylobacter jejuni is a microaerophilic pathogen representing one of the major causes of bacterial enteritis in humans. The oxidative stress response after exposure to paraquat, a strong oxidising agent, was analysed by two-dimensional protein electrophoresis and Maldi-ToF mass spectrometry. Oxidative stress and redox-related proteins were overexpressed: FldA flavodoxin and a pyruvate-flavodoxin oxidoreductase encoded by cj1476c. No increase in SodB expression was observed. An additional quantitative RT-PCR analysis showed an increase in katA but not in sodB expression. However, the sodB mutant was very sensitive to paraquat, its basal expression level being essential for oxidative stress resistance. Proteins related to iron homeostasis (Cft and a non-haem iron protein encoded by cj0012c) and general stress response (FusA and MreB) were found overexpressed. Interestingly, a two-component regulator encoded by cj0355c was differentially expressed in the presence of paraquat and could play a role in induction of the C. jejuni oxidative stress response. Virulence factors (CadF, FlaA and a VacJ homolog encoded by cj1371) were also found overexpressed under oxidative stress conditions and a cj1371 mutant showed increased sensitivity to paraquat, suggesting that the Cj1371 periplasmic protein could play a role in C. jejuni oxidative stress resistance.
    Research in Microbiology 09/2008; 159(9-10):718-26. · 2.89 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: High pressure processing is a novel food preservation technology, applied for over 15 years in the food industry to inactivate spoilage and pathogenic microorganisms. Many studies have shown the differential resistance of bacterial cells to high pressure. Listeria monocytogenes is a bacterium able to grow at refrigerated temperature and to survive for a long time in minimally processed foods such as raw smoked fish. The freezing process does not cause significant decline of L. monocytogenes. The phase diagram of water under pressure permits a pressure treatment under subzero temperature, without the disadvantages of freezing for food quality. The aim of this study was to estimate if combined effects of pressure and subzero temperature could increase the destruction of L. monocytogenes in buffer and in smoked salmon. We investigated effects of high pressure processing (100, 150, and 200 MPa) combined with subzero temperatures (-10, -14, and -18 degrees C) and pH (7.0 and 4.5). Results showed that the most effective high-pressure treatment to inactivate L. monocytogenes was 200 MPa, -18 degrees C, and pH 4.5. The relevance of pressure holding time and the synergistic effect of pressure coupled with the subzero temperature to inactivate bacteria are highlighted. Modifications of physical properties (color and texture) were a lightening of color and an increase of toughness, which might be accepted by consumers, since safety is increased.
    Journal of food protection 09/2008; 71(8):1612-8. · 1.83 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Campylobacter jejuni is a microaerophilic pathogen but is able to survive oxidative stress conditions during its transmission to the human host. Strains of different origins (reference, poultry, or human clinical) were tested for survival under oxidative stress conditions. C. jejuni strains were grown in Mueller Hinton broth to obtain late exponential-phase cultures. Then they were exposed to 2 different stresses: (1) cultures were either plated on Columbia agar plates and exposed to atmospheric oxygen or (2) paraquat (a chemical oxidizing agent) was added to liquid cultures to reach a 500-microM concentration. Both of these experimental conditions were realized at 3 different temperatures: 4 degrees C, 25 degrees C, and 42 degrees C. Results obtained with paraquat and atmospheric oxygen were similar. Surprisingly, C. jejuni was found to be very sensitive to oxidative stress at 42 degrees C, which is its optimal growth temperature, whereas it was more resistant at 4 degrees C. A strain effect was observed, but no relationship was found between the origin of the strains and level of resistance. High temperature (42 degrees C) combined with oxidative stress allowed a rapid decrease in the C. jejuni population, whereas low temperature considerably decreased the effect of oxidative stress.
    Current Microbiology 05/2008; 56(4):293-7. · 1.52 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to examine the hypothesis proposed by Evans et al. [2003. Hazards of healthy living: bottled water and salad vegetables as risk factors for Campylobacter infection. Emerg. Infect. Dis. 9(10), 1219–1225] that mineral bottled water accidentally contaminated by Campylobacter jejuni would represent a risk factor for Campylobacter infection.Culturability of C. jejuni cells inoculated in low- and high-mineral bottled water during storage at 4 °C in the dark was performed by surface plating and modelled using the Weibull model. The loss of C. jejuni culturability observed in all conditions tested was shown to be dependent on strain, preculture condition and water composition.Following inoculation of C. jejuni, the rapid loss of culturability was not correlated to complete cell death as the passage into embryonated eggs enabled recovery of cells from the viable but non-culturable state.In conclusion, the sanitary risk associated with contaminated bottled water cannot be excluded although it is presumably low. Culture conditions, strain and water type must be taken into account in the evaluation of the risk factors as they influence significantly Campylobacter survival in water.
    Water Research 05/2008; · 4.66 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

943 Citations
131.70 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2014
    • University of Nantes
      Naoned, Pays de la Loire, France
  • 2010
    • École Nationale Vétérinaire, Agroalimentaire et de l'Alimentation Nantes-Atlantique
      Naoned, Pays de la Loire, France
  • 2009
    • French National Centre for Scientific Research
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 1999–2008
    • French National Institute for Agricultural Research
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2003
    • Université des Sciences et Technologies de Lille 1
      Lille, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France