Takumi Endo

Chiba University, Chiba-shi, Chiba-ken, Japan

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Publications (13)22.55 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Primary aldosteronism is the most common curable cause of secondary hypertension. Despite resection, however, many patients with primary aldosteronism continue to require antihypertensive drugs to control their blood pressure. Although many patients with primary aldosteronism want to know the postoperative probability of hypertension cure before surgery, there are no predictive models calculating its probability. We therefore developed a nomogram to predict hypertension cure in patients with primary aldosteronism after laparoscopic adrenalectomy. We retrospectively surveyed 132 Japanese patients with primary aldosteronism who were treated by unilateral laparoscopic adrenalectomy. Hypertension cure was defined as normal blood pressure (<140/90 mmHg) without antihypertensive drugs 6 months postoperatively. We developed a novel nomogram that postoperatively predicted cured hypertension in 105 (80 %) randomly selected patients and validated it with the remaining 27 (20 %). At 6 months, blood pressure had normalized in 42 % of patients without antihypertensive drugs. Duration of hypertension, preoperative number of antihypertensive drug classes, age, and sex were incorporated into a novel nomogram as independent predictors of hypertension cure. The value of the area under the receiver operating characteristics curve for this nomogram was 0.83-which was significantly higher than that of the Aldosteronoma Resolution Score-on internal validation. We developed the first nomogram that can accurately predict postoperative hypertension cure in patients with primary aldosteronism. This nomogram can help clinicians calculate the probability of postoperative hypertension cure in patients with primary aldosteronism and objectively inform them of their hypertension outcome before laparoscopic adrenalectomy.
    World Journal of Surgery 05/2014; · 2.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We describe endovascular stenting of the left renal vein to treat Nutcracker syndrome accompanied by gross hematuria. A 26-year-old woman with a history of hematuria and left flank pain was admitted to another hospital in January 2009. She was referred to our hospital in August 2010 for further investigation and treatment for suspected Nutcracker syndrome based on her medical history and the recurrent gross hematuria. Computed tomography (CT) imaging revealed compression of the left renal vein between the aorta and the superior mesenteric artery and cystoscopy revealed bloody urine from the left ureteric orifice. Ureteroscopy revealed diffuse bleeding from the renal pelvic mucosa. The cytodiagnosis of urine was Class II. She developed left flank pain and further recurrent hematuria in July 2011 and sought active treatment by stenting at our hospital. After we obtained the approval of the Ethical Review Board in our institution, we treated by endovascular stenting of the left renal vein. The venous phase of selective renal angiography during the procedure revealed dilation of the mid-renal vein with delayed flow into the inferior vena cava and tortuous dilated collateral vessels. Two ELUMINEXX Vascular Stents (12 x 40 mm) were deployed at the stenotic site of the left renal vein via the right femoral vein. This strategy improved the stenosis and collateral vessels. No significant postoperative adverse events developed other than dull back pain that disappeared after a few days, and the patient was discharged on postoperative day 4. CT findings three months after the procedure confirmed resolution of the left renal vein compression. Six months post-procedure, the patient had no left flank pain or further hematuria.
    Nippon Hinyōkika Gakkai zasshi. The japanese journal of urology 11/2013; 104(6):716-9.
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    ABSTRACT: Bone metastases occur in approximately 70% of patients with advanced prostate cancer. Skeletal-related events have been correlated with reduced survival and quality of life of patients with prostate cancer. Biochemical markers of bone metabolism (e.g. bone formation, bone resorption, osteoclastogenesis) might meet an unmet need for useful, non-invasive and sensitive surrogate information for following patients' skeletal health. Recently, zoledronic acid and denosumab have been proven to have the potential for preventing skeletal-related events among prostate cancer patients with bone metastasis. An improved understanding of the mechanisms underlying bone metastasis has also led to the recognition of multiple molecular targets and advances in therapy. However, estimating the efficacy of these agents is difficult. A clinical trial for castration-resistant prostate cancer is currently underway based on the definition of The Prostate Cancer Clinical Trials Working Group, and bone turnover markers are being used as conventional end-points for the clinical trial. Bone turnover markers are useful surrogate markers reflecting the effect of new therapeutic drugs and prognosis, as well as assessment of bone metastases. In particular, N-terminal cross-linked telopeptide of type 1 collagen and bone-specific alkaline phosphatase are widely used bone metabolism markers, and offer reliable surrogate markers to detect bone metastatic spread and to predict prognosis for prostate cancer patients with bone metastases.
    International Journal of Urology 07/2012; · 1.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Fork-head box protein A1 (FOXA1) is a "pioneer factor" that is known to bind to the androgen receptor (AR) and regulate the transcription of AR-specific genes. However, the precise role of FOXA1 in prostate cancer (PC) remains unknown. In this study, we report that FOXA1 plays a critical role in PC cell proliferation. The expression of FOXA1 was higher in PC than in normal prostate tissues (P = 0.0002), and, using immunohistochemical analysis, we found that FOXA1 was localized in the nucleus. FOXA1 expression levels were significantly correlated with both PSA and Gleason scores (P = 0.016 and P = 0.031, respectively). Moreover, FOXA1 up-regulation was a significant factor in PSA failure (P = 0.011). Depletion of FOXA1 in a prostate cancer cell line (LNCaP) using small interfering RNA (siRNA) significantly inhibited AR activity, led to cell-growth suppression, and induced G0/G1 arrest. The anti-proliferative effect of FOXA1 siRNA was mediated through insulin-like growth factor binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3). An increase in IGFBP-3, mediated by depletion of FOXA1, inhibited phosphorylation of MAPK and Akt, and increased expression of the cell cycle regulators p21 and p27. We also found that the anti-proliferative effect of FOXA1 depletion was significantly reversed by simultaneous siRNA depletion of IGFBP-3. These findings provide direct physiological and molecular evidence for a role of FOXA1 in controlling cell proliferation through the regulation of IGFBP-3 expression in PC.
    PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(8):e42456. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Combined androgen blockade is widely used to treat patients with advanced prostate cancer. Recently, zoledronic acid was proven to be effective in preventing skeletal-related events for prostate cancer patients with bone metastases. Aim of the present study was to assess the effect of adding zoledronic acid to combined androgen blockade in the treatment of hormone-naïve metastatic prostate cancer patients by analyzing the changes of biomarker levels. Patients were treated with either a combination of combined androgen blockade and zoledronic acid (n=23) or combined androgen blockade alone (historical control combined androgen blockade group, n=42). Zoledronic acid was injected intravenously at 4 mg every 4 weeks for 2 years. Prostate-specific antigen and bone turnover markers (alkaline phosphatase and pyridinoline cross-linked carboxyterminal telopeptide of type 1 collagen) were examined before treatment and at 3, 6, and 12 months after treatment. Sequential changes of prostate-specific antigen, alkaline phosphatase and pyridinoline cross-linked carboxyterminal telopeptide of type 1 collagen for the two groups versus pretreatment levels were compared. Prostate-specific antigen values in both groups significantly declined at 3, 6 and 12 months compared with pretreatment levels. However, the decline of the prostate-specific antigen was lower in the combined androgen blockade group. Alkaline phosphatase significantly declined at 6 and 12 months in the combination of combined androgen blockade and zoledronic acid group, with no significant changes seen in the combined androgen blockade group. The addition of zoledronic acid to combined androgen blockade showed prostate-specific antigen and bone turnover markers response compared with combined androgen blockade therapy only, suggesting a potential antitumor effect of zoledronic acid in the management of metastatic prostate cancer patients.
    International Journal of Urology 11/2011; 19(2):169-73. · 1.73 Impact Factor
  • Nippon rinsho. Japanese journal of clinical medicine 06/2011; 69 Suppl 5:497-501.
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    ABSTRACT: We aimed to assess the diagnostic accuracy of serum osteoclastogenesis markers for detection of bone metastasis in patients with prostate cancer (PCa) and to assess the usefulness of these markers as predictors of mortality from PCa. Serum osteoprotegerin (OPG) and receptor activator of nuclear factor κB ligand (RANKL) levels were measured in 201 patients (51 with bone metastasis, 55 with T2M0 PCa, 46 with T3M0 PCa, and 49 without PCa). Multivariate stepwise logistic regression analysis was used to identify independent predictors of bone metastasis. Correlation of serum marker levels with bone metastasis was assessed using receiver operating characteristics (ROC) analysis. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards analysis was used to predict cause-specific survival in PCa patients with bone metastasis. Serum OPG and prostate-specific antigen levels were significantly elevated in patients with bone metastasis. Multivariate stepwise logistic regression analysis demonstrated that serum OPG levels were significant predictors of bone metastasis. ROC analyses showed that serum OPG levels were the most reliable predictor of bone metastasis (area under the curve = 0.68). Multivariate Cox proportional hazards analysis revealed that only serum OPG and extent of disease on bone scan (EOD) >3 were independent prognostic factors for PCa-related death. On the other hand, serum RANKL levels were not significant predictors of bone metastasis and could not predict survival probability in PCa patients with bone metastasis. Serum OPG was a more reliable marker than serum RANKL in detecting bone metastatic spread and in predicting survival probability in PCa patients with bone metastasis.
    International Journal of Clinical Oncology 02/2011; 16(4):366-72. · 1.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the association between obesity and prostate cancer in Japanese recurrence after primary treatment with radical prostatectomy. The subjects were 173 Japanese patients with prostate cancer who had been treated with radical prostatectomy at Chiba University Hospital between April 1997 and March 2007. Clinicopathological characteristics and biochemical recurrence outcomes after radical prostatectomy were compared between the three body mass index cohorts. Mean body mass index was 23.4 kg/m(2) with a standard deviation of 2.4, and mean follow-up period was 37.4 months. Operative time was longer and estimated blood loss was much more in obese patients. Patients with pT3>or= had significantly higher serum prostate-specific antigen, total cholesterol levels, Gleason's sum and positive of surgical margin than pT2 patients. Recurrence rate was significantly higher in the 26.5 kg/m(2) and hyperlipidemia groups in pT3>or= patients. Obesity is an independent predictor of disease recurrence in Japanese patients with pT3>or= prostate cancer who underwent radical prostatectomy. Obese patients who underwent radical prostatectomy require vigilant follow-up care.
    Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology 04/2010; 40(4):353-9. · 1.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the diagnostic accuracy of serum bone turnover markers for detection of bone metastasis in patients with prostate cancer (PCa) and to assess the usefulness of these markers as predictors of mortality from PCa. Serum total alkaline phosphatase, bone-specific alkaline phosphatase, carboxy-terminal pyridinoline cross-linked telopeptide parts of type-I collagen (1CTP), tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase type 5 b, and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels were measured in 222 patients (58 with bone metastasis, 57 with T2M0 PCa, 55 with T3M0 PCa, and 52 without PCa). Multivariate stepwise logistic regression analysis was used to identify independent predictors of bone metastasis. Correlation of serum marker levels with bone metastasis was assessed using receiver operating characteristics analysis. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards analysis was used to predict cause-specific survival in PCa patients with bone metastasis. Serum total alkaline phosphatase, bone-specific alkaline phosphatase, 1CTP, tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase type 5 b, and PSA levels were significantly elevated in patients with bone metastasis, and correlated significantly with the extent of disease on bone scintigraphy. Multivariate stepwise logistic regression analysis demonstrated that serum PSA and 1CTP were significant predictors of bone metastasis. Receiver operating characteristics analyses showed that serum 1CTP level was the most reliable predictor of bone metastasis (area under the curve = 0.85). Multivariate Cox proportional hazards analysis revealed that only serum 1CTP was an independent prognostic factor for PCa-related death. Serum 1CTP level was a more reliable marker than the others to detect bone metastatic spread and to predict survival probability in PCa patients with bone metastasis.
    Urology 03/2010; 75(6):1446-51. · 2.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recently, prostate cancer is one of the common cancer in Japanese men, with a high incidence of bone metastasis. Bone metastasis is incurable and contributes significantly to disease-specific morbidity and mortality. And more, there are many opportunity to perform androgen deprivation therapy in prostate cancer patients, but worsen osteoporosis and raise a risk of bone fracture. Thus, the management of bone metabolism in patients is a clinically significant issue. The bisphosphonates are targeted to osteoclasts and are considered to be standard management in the care of bone metastasis patients in combination with chemotherapy and hormone therapy. In this review, we summarized the current understanding and therapy of bone metastasis in prostate cancer in mainly respect to Zoredronic acid use.
    Clinical calcium 02/2010; 20(2):258-66.
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    ABSTRACT: The molecular mechanism playing a role in the development of benign prostate hypertrophy (BPH) and prostate cancer (PC) is not well defined. We performed microarray analysis to assess the gene expression change in BPH and PC, and performed network analysis. Normal prostate, BPH and PC tissues were obtained from patients who underwent an operation at Chiba University Hospital. Using Affymetrix Human Genome U133 Plus2.0 Array, we identified genes differentially expressed. The identified genes were analyzed using the Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA) to investigate the functional network and gene ontology. The microarray analysis identified 402 genes in BPH and 141 genes in PC, which were up- or down-regulated at least 5.0-fold change in PC at all dose points. Analysis using IPA software revealed eight networks in BPH and five networks in PC. We narrowed these down to the top five genes, which were up- or down-regulated on the networks in their characteristic manner. From this new perspective, comparing BPH and PC in microarray studies, our data showing gene expression profiles provide candidate genes for better understanding of disease and new therapeutic targets.
    International Journal of Oncology 10/2009; 35(3):499-509. · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To examine the pre-emptive analgesic effect of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug zaltoprofen against rigid cystoscopy-associated pain, and compare it with the effect of an anesthetic gel. Forty men periodically undergoing follow-up office cystoscopy were enrolled in this prospective study. The effects of lidocaine gel alone or in combination with zaltoprofen, were examined. The following parameters were assessed using an 11-point numerical rating scale: pain during injection of gel into the urethra, insertion of rigid cystoscope, and the endoscopic examination of the urinary bladder, pain at the first urination after cystoscopy, and at the first urination in the following morning at home. Pain scores with pre-emptive zaltoprofen plus lidocaine gel were significantly lower than the ones with lidocaine gel alone at the time points of inserting rigid cystoscope into the urethra, viewing inside the urinary bladder and the first urination after cystoscopy. The efficacy of zaltoprofen was more significant in the patients with higher baseline pain score. There was no correlation between pain scores and bladder cancer grading, number of tumors, and time from surgery. Pre-emptive zaltoprofen is able to control cystoscopy-associated pain, which translates into better quality of life for patients. Thus, its use is recommended in the management of these patients.
    International Journal of Urology 09/2009; 16(11):874-80. · 1.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Androgens are essential for prostatic growth and development, but also play a significant role in the pathogenesis of prostate disease. The traditional view that higher testosterone levels represent a risk factor for prostate cancer (PCa) appears to have little evidentiary support. Some studies have described a relationship between lower testosterone levels and more advanced disease. Serum androgen levels, within a broad range, are thus suggested to show no association with PCa risk, whereas low rather than high serum testosterone levels have been found to be associated with advanced or high-grade disease at the time of PCa diagnosis. Dihydrotestosterone, the principal prostatic androgen, is transformed from testosterone by type 1 and type 2 5alpha-reductase, and therapeutic benefits may thus be potentially achieved through the inhibition of 5alpha-reductase.
    Future Oncology 09/2009; 5(7):1005-13. · 3.20 Impact Factor