Jan B M J Jansen

Hospital Elkerliek, Helmond, North Brabant, Netherlands

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Publications (121)693.49 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Gastrointestinal symptoms are frequently reported adverse effects of antidepressants, but antidepressants are also a treatment modality in functional gastrointestinal disorders. We aimed to assess the association between antidepressant use and gastrointestinal symptoms in the general adult population. We assessed gastrointestinal symptoms, medication use, and comorbidity through structured questionnaires in randomly selected individuals. We compared presence of gastrointestinal symptoms in respondents who reported antidepressant use with those who did not. We used multivariable regression analysis to verify the association between antidepressant use and gastrointestinal symptoms. In total, 16,758 questionnaires were returned and eligible for analysis. Antidepressant use was reported by 701 respondents (4.2%). Gastrointestinal symptoms were more frequently reported by antidepressant users compared with nonusers (40% vs 25%, P < 0.01). This apparent association between antidepressant use and gastrointestinal symptoms did not remain after adjusting for demographic factors, comorbidity, and use of other medications (adjusted odds ratio, 0.94; 95% confidence interval, 0.74-1.18). In our cross-sectional population-based study, we did not find an association between antidepressant use and gastrointestinal symptoms.
    Journal of clinical psychopharmacology 12/2013; · 5.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Over the last decades important risk factors for gastrointestinal symptoms have shifted, which may have changed its population prevalence. The aim of this study was to assess the current prevalence of gastrointestinal symptoms, appraise associated factors and assess health-related quality of life in the general population. A total of 51,869 questionnaires were sent to a representative sample of the Dutch adult general population in December 2008. Demographic characteristics, gastrointestinal symptoms, health-related quality of life, medication use and co-morbidity were reported. We used multivariable logistic regression analysis to determine factors associated with gastrointestinal symptoms. A total of 18,317 questionnaires were returned, and 16,758 were eligible for analysis. Prevalence of gastrointestinal symptoms was 26%. Most frequent symptoms were bloating (63%), borborygmi (60%) and flatulence (71%). Female gender (adjusted OR (aOR) 1.59, 95% CI 1.43-1.77), asthma/COPD (aOR 1.47, 95% CI 1.21-1.79), use of paracetamol (aOR 1.33, 95% CI 1.20-1.47), antidepressants (aOR 1.56, 95% CI 1.22-2.00) and acid-suppressive medication were independently associated with presence of gastrointestinal symptoms. Age over 65 years (aOR 0.75, 95% CI 0.65-0.87), and use of statins (aOR 0.75, 95% CI 0.61-0.93) were associated with a lower prevalence of gastrointestinal symptoms. Respondents with gastrointestinal symptoms had a lower mean health-related quality of life of 0.81 (SD = 0.21) compared to 0.92 (SD = 0.14) for persons without gastrointestinal symptoms (P<0.01). Prevalence of gastrointestinal symptoms in the Dutch community is high and associated with decreased health-related quality of life.
    PLoS ONE 07/2013; 8(7):e69876. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Comparability of cost-effectiveness of colorectal cancer (CRC) screening strategies is limited if heterogeneous study data are combined. We analyzed prospective empirical data from a randomized-controlled trial to compare cost-effectiveness of screening with either one round of immunochemical fecal occult blood testing (I-FOBT; OC-Sensor®), one round of guaiac FOBT (G-FOBT; Hemoccult-II®) or no screening in Dutch aged 50 to 75 years, completed with cancer registry and literature data, from a third-party payer perspective in a Markov model with first- and second-order Monte Carlo simulation. Costs were measured in Euros (€), effects in life-years gained, and both were discounted with 3%. Uncertainty surrounding important parameters was analyzed. I-FOBT dominated the alternatives: after one round of I-FOBT screening, a hypothetical person would on average gain 0.003 life-years and save the health care system €27 compared with G-FOBT and 0.003 life years and €72 compared with no screening. Overall, in 4,460,265 Dutch aged 50-75 years, after one round I-FOBT screening, 13,400 life-years and €320 million would have been saved compared with no screening. I-FOBT also dominated in sensitivity analyses, varying uncertainty surrounding important effect and cost parameters. CRC screening with I-FOBT dominated G-FOBT and no screening with or without accounting for uncertainty.
    International Journal of Cancer 04/2011; 128(8):1908-17. · 6.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening programs can decide upon the type of fecal occult blood test (FOBT): the guaiac FOBT (g-FOBT) or the immunological FOBT (i-FOBT). The effectiveness of any screening program depends not only on the diagnostic performance of the screening test but also on the compliance and general acceptance of the test by the public. Any decision on the type of FOBT for CRC screening should also take acceptation and perception into account. The aim of the present study was to study differences in patient perception between i-FOBT and g-FOBT and differences in perception and participation rates among relevant subgroups in a population based study. Differences in patient perception of i-FOBT and g-FOBT and differences in perception and participation rates among relevant subgroups were investigated (n = 20,623) by sending a short questionnaire to all invited to the first Dutch CRC screening trial. i-FOBT was perceived significantly more favorable than g-FOBT. About 1275 (32%) participants reported the g-FOBT not easy to use, not easy to perform, disgusting or shameful compared to 742 (16%) for the i-FOBT (p < 0.001). The participation rate was significantly higher in those who received i-FOBT compared to the g-FOBT group: 6159 of 10,322 (60%) versus 4839 of 10,301 (47%) (p < 0.001). These findings support the selection of i-FOBT as the more appropriate test for population screening programs.
    Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology 11/2010; 45(11):1345-9. · 2.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: NSAIDs are among the most often used drugs worldwide. Numerous NSAID users are at risk for developing gastrointestinal complications. The purpose of this review was to identify and stratify risk factors for gastrointestinal complications in NSAID users documented in guidelines and consensus agreements, and to collect recommendations regarding over-the-counter (OTC) NSAID use. To facilitate this, a PubMed search from 1 January 1999 until 1 March 2009 was performed, resulting in the inclusion of nine English-language guidelines in our analysis. Risk factors were defined as 'definite' if mentioned in all guidelines; otherwise they were defined as 'controversial' risk factors. 'Definite' risk factors were a history of (complicated) peptic ulcer disease, older age (cut-off range 60-75 years), concomitant anticoagulant or corticosteroid use and multiple NSAID use, including low-dose aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid). 'Controversial' risk factors were high-dose NSAID use, concomitant clopidogrel or selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor use, a history of gastrointestinal symptoms, rheumatoid arthritis disability and cardiovascular disease. Infection with Helicobacter pylori was identified as an additive risk factor. Risk factors in OTC NSAID users were difficult to identify in the current literature. Risk factors were not all uniformly present in analysed guidelines and consensus agreements. We identified a history of (complicated) peptic ulcer disease, older age, concomitant anticoagulant or corticosteroid use and multiple NSAID use, including low-dose aspirin, as definite gastrointestinal risk factors in NSAID users.
    Drug Safety 06/2010; 33(6):443-53. · 2.62 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Premature activation of pancreatic digestive enzymes is considered as a major factor in the pathogenesis of pancreatitis. Genetic alterations of different pancreatic zymogens or their inhibitors have been associated with chronic pancreatitis (CP). We sequenced all 12 GP2 exons in 380 German CP patients and in 182 German control subjects. In addition, we analyzed exon 3 of GP2 in 803 further CP patients and 1780 controls originating from Germany, the Netherlands, and India by targeted DNA sequencing. We detected 12 nonsynonymous and 6 synonymous exonic variants. All nonsynonymous changes with exception of c.220C>T (p.R74X) and c.502_503delG (p.G168fsX174) in exon 3 and c.541C>T (p.R181X) in exon 4 were missense mutations and predominantly located in exon 3. All nonsynonymous variants were found in single cases only, with exception of 2 alterations, c.355A>G (p.M119V) and c.409G>A (p. A137T), both located in exon 3. To elucidate the role of these 2 exon 3 variants, we investigated additional patients and controls. The frequency of these variants was similar between patients and controls regardless of ethnic background or cause of CP. Our data suggest that GP2 alterations do not alter the risk for the development of CP.
    Pancreas 11/2009; 39(2):188-92. · 3.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A6 (UGT1A6) is involved in metabolizing non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Genotype variation in UGT1A6 may influence the metabolism of NSAIDs and we studied whether this might modulate the gastrointestinal toxicity of NSAIDs. UGT1A6 genotypes of 114 patients with peptic ulcer haemorrhage were compared with those of two subsets of controls: 158 cardiology patients using similar amounts of NSAIDs and 140 healthy controls, hardly using NSAIDs. Risk factors for peptic ulcer bleeding were male gender (Odds ratio (OR) 2.66, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.7-4.2), age above 60 years (OR 2.15, 95% CI 1.4-3.4) and use of NSAIDs/aspirin (OR 4.50, 95% CI 2.8-7.3). UGT1A6 genotype frequencies did not differ between patients with peptic ulcer and the two control groups (p=0.76). We conclude that polymorphic UGT1A6 is not implicated in the pathogenesis of NSAIDs-related peptic ulcer disease.
    Drug metabolism letters. 08/2009; 3(3):199-204.
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    ABSTRACT: To determine whether -1195 A-->G and/or -765 G-->C polymorphisms in Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) may have a risk modifying effect on the development of esophageal carcinoma in a Dutch Caucasian population. Two study groups were recruited, 252 patients with esophageal carcinoma and 240 healthy controls, matched for race, age, gender and recruiting area. DNA was isolated from whole blood and used for genotyping. PCR products were digested with restriction enzymes and products were analyzed by agarose gel electrophoresis. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated. The distribution of the -1195 A-->G polymorphism was significantly different in esophageal cancer patients compared to controls. The -1195 GG genotype resulted in a higher risk of developing esophageal adenocarcinoma (OR = 3.85, 95% CI: 1.45-10.3) compared with the -1195 AA genotype as a reference. The -765 G-->C genotype distribution was not different between the two groups. The GG/GG haplotype was present more often in esophageal adenocarcinoma patients than in controls (OR = 3.45, 95% CI: 1.24-9.58; with AG/AG as a reference). The same trends were observed in patients with squamous cell carcinomas, however, the results did not reach statistical significance. Presence of the COX-2 -1195 GG genotype and of the GG/GG haplotype may result in a higher risk of developing esophageal carcinoma.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 07/2009; 15(28):3493-7. · 2.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The success of home parenteral nutrition (HPN) programs is compromised by complications of central venous catheters (CVCs), such as occlusions and bloodstream infections. We performed a retrospective analysis of complication rates of arteriovenous fistulae versus CVCs in patients on long-term HPN. Data were collected from 127 consecutive patients who received HPN between January 2000 and October 2006, comprising 344 access years of CVCs and 194 access years of arteriovenous fistulae. We evaluated access-related bloodstream infection and occlusion incidence rates (number of complications per access year) using Poisson-normal regression analysis. Complication incidence rate ratios were calculated by dividing complication incidence rates of CVCs by those of arteriovenous fistulae, adjusting for HPN frequency, medication use, infusion fluid composition, and underlying diseases. Bloodstream infection incidence rates were 0.03/year for arteriovenous fistulae, 1.37/year for long-term CVCs (Port-a-Caths and tunneled catheters), and 3.12/year for short-term CVCs (nontunneled catheters). Occlusion incidence rates were 0.60/year for arteriovenous fistulae, 0.35/year for long-term CVCs, and 0.93/year for shortterm CVCs. Adjusted incidence rate ratios of long-term CVCs over arteriovenous fistulae were 47 (95% confidence interval, 19-117) for bloodstream infections and 0.53 (95% confidence interval, 0.31-0.89) for occlusions. The occlusion incidence rate was higher for arteriovenous fistulae than for certain types of CVCs. The incidence rate of the most serious access-related complication (bloodstream infections) was much lower for arteriovenous fistulae than for all types of CVCs. Thus, arteriovenous fistulae are safe and valuable alternatives to CVCs for patients requiring long-term HPN.
    Gastroenterology 05/2009; 136(5):1577-84. · 12.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Delayed return of immunochemical fecal occult blood test (iFOBT) samples to a laboratory might cause false negatives because of hemoglobin degradation. Quantitative iFOBT's became increasingly more accepted in colorectal cancer screening. Therefore, we studied the effects of delay between sampling and laboratory delivery on iFOBT performance. IFOBT positivity (>or=50 ng/ml hemoglobin) in colorectal cancer screening participants without delay between sampling and laboratory delivery (<5 days), was compared with positivity in participants with >or=5 and >or=7 days delay. Additionally, positive tests were stored at room temperature and retested 5 times within 10-14 days. The sampling date was reported by 61% (n = 3,767) of the participants: in 19% delay was >or=5 days and in 5% >or=7 days. Compared with no-delay, the adenoma detection rate was already significantly decreased after >or=5 days delay (OR 0.6; 95%CI 0.4-0.9). We retested iFOBT samples of 170 positives of which 139 (82%) had a colonoscopy: 45 (32%) had advanced adenomas (not colorectal cancer) and 8 (6%) had colorectal cancer. Mean daily fecal hemoglobin decrease was 29 ng/ml (S.D. 38 and median 11 ng/ml). In patients with advanced adenomas, hemoglobin in the sample was <50 ng/ml in 5 (11%) 2-3 days after the initial test and in 16 (36%) after 10-14 days. Seven days after the initial test, 2 (25%) colorectal cancer patients became false negative. Both had stage I colorectal cancer and initial values below 100 ng/ml, where the average for stage I is 532 ng/ml. Delay in sample return increased false negative immunochemical FOBT's. Mainly precursor lesions, but also colorectal cancer, will be missed due to delayed sample return.
    International Journal of Cancer 04/2009; 125(4):746-50. · 6.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic pancreatitis (CP) and pancreatic adenocarcinoma (pCA) are associated with risk factors such as alcohol intake and tobacco smoking. Microsomal epoxide hydrolase (EPHX1) is a phase II detoxifying enzyme capable of tobacco-borne toxicant inactivation. We studied the role of the EPHX1 c.337T>C (p.Y113H) variant, whichleads to altered enzyme activity, in pancreatic diseases. We genotyped 2391 patients by melting curve analysis. We enrolled 367 patients with pCA, 341 patients with alcoholic CP (aCP), 431 patients with idiopathic CP or hereditary pancreatitis, 192 patients with acute pancreatitis, and 679 controls of German descent. We replicated data in 77 patients with aCP and 304 controls from The Netherlands. In German patients with aCP, Y113 was more common than in controls (allele frequencies, 0.73 vs 0.68; risk ratio, 1.21 [95% confidence interval, 1.05-1.39]). However, we could not confirm this association in the Dutch population (allele frequencies, 0.62 vs 0.68, P=not significant). In total, Y113 frequency was 0.71 in aCP and 0.68 in controls (P = not significant). Allele frequencies did not differ in the other disease groups (acute pancreatitis, 0.69; idiopathic CP or hereditary pancreatitis, 0.68; pCA, 0.68; and control, 0.68). The EPHX1 Y113H variant is not associated with pancreatic diseases indicating that EPHX1 does not play a significant role in the initiation of pancreatic inflammation or cancer.
    Pancreas 04/2009; 38(4):e97-e101. · 3.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To compare plasma concentrations of acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) and its metabolites between genetic polymorphisms in the gene encoding for UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A6 (UGT1A6), an enzyme involved in ASA metabolism. Five UGT1A6*1 and 4 UGT1A6*2 homozygote females were given 320 mg ASA once daily for 8 days. During the first and last day of treatment, several blood samples were taken over a 10-hour time period and analyzed for plasma levels of ASA and its main metabolites salicylic acid (SA) and salicyluric acid (SUA), using a validated HPLC method. The pharmacokinetic data were assessed with the Time Constant Approach and both genotypes were compared using the Mann-Whitney U test. ASA and SUA showed similar pharmacokinetic parameters in the two UGT1A6 genotypes. However, pharmacokinetic parameters for SA differed significantly: the mean area under the pharmacokinetic curve for the UGT1A6*1 and UGT1A6*2 homozygotes was 136 and 94 microg/ml.h (p = 0.04), and median C(max) was 23 and 17 microg/ml (p = 0.01), respectively. In females receiving ASA, the presence of the UGT1A6*2 compared to the UGT1A6*1 homozygote genotype is associated with lower plasma levels of SA, indicating faster pharmacokinetics.
    Pharmacology 02/2009; 83(4):237-42. · 1.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Substantial physician workload and high costs are associated with the treatment of dyspepsia in primary health care. Despite the availability of consensus statements and guidelines, the most cost-effective empirical strategy for initial management of the condition remains to be determined. We compared step-up and step-down treatment strategies for initial management of patients with new onset dyspepsia in primary care. Patients aged 18 years and older who consulted with their family doctor for new onset dyspepsia in the Netherlands were eligible for enrolment in this double-blind, randomised controlled trial. Between October, 2003, and January, 2006, 664 patients were randomly assigned to receive stepwise treatment with antacid, H(2)-receptor antagonist, and proton pump inhibitor (step-up; n=341), or these drugs in the reverse order (step-down; n=323), by use of a computer-generated sequence with blocks of six. Each step lasted 4 weeks and treatment only continued with the next step if symptoms persisted or relapsed within 4 weeks. Primary outcomes were symptom relief and cost-effectiveness of initial management at 6 months. Analysis was by intention to treat (ITT); the ITT population consisted of all patients with data for the primary outcome at 6 months. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00247715. 332 patients in the step-up, and 313 in the step-down group reached an endpoint with sufficient data for evaluation; the main reason for dropout was loss to follow-up. Treatment success after 6 months was achieved in 238 (72%) patients in the step-up group and 219 (70%) patients in the step-down group (odds ratio 0.92, 95% CI 0.7-1.3). The average medical costs were lower for patients in the step-up group than for those in the step-down group (euro228 vs euro245; p=0.0008), which was mainly because of costs of medication. One or more adverse drug events were reported by 94 (28%) patients in the step-up and 93 (29%) patients in the step-down group. All were minor events, including (other) dyspeptic symptoms, diarrhoea, constipation, and bad/dry taste. Although treatment success with either step-up or step-down treatment is similar, the step-up strategy is more cost effective at 6 months for initial treatment of patients with new onset dyspeptic symptoms in primary care.
    The Lancet 02/2009; 373(9659):215-25. · 39.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The major clinical feature in chronic pancreatitis is pain, but the genetic basis of pancreatic pain in chronic pancreatitis is poorly understood. The transient receptor potential vanilloid receptor 1 (TRPV1) gene has been associated with pain perception, and genetic variations in TRPV1 may modify the presence and phenotype of chronic pancreatitis. The aim of our study was to investigate the genetic variation of TRPV1 in Dutch patients with chronic pancreatitis and healthy controls. We genotyped 4 SNPs (rs222749, rs222747, rs224534 and rs8065080) in 228 chronic pancreatitis-patients and 207 healthy controls by PCR, followed by restriction-fragment-length-polymorphism analysis and DNA sequencing. We generated 27 diplotypes and compared prevalence between patients and controls. There was no significant difference in allele frequency of the 4 TRPV1 gene SNPs in patients with chronic pancreatitis and healthy controls. Distribution of diplotypes was not statistically significantly different between patients and controls. TRPV1 diplotypes are not associated with chronic pancreatitis.
    BMC Gastroenterology 01/2009; 9:97. · 2.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To assess genetic, clinical and morphological characteristics of hereditary pancreatitis, a rare type of chronic pancreatitis with an early onset of symptoms, which is, among others, caused by mutations in the PRSS1 gene. Observational cohort study. The study population consisted of 496 patients (27,375 person-years) who were referred to Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre for molecular diagnosis of hereditary pancreatitis during period 2000 to 2007. 61 patients with a positive family history of hereditary pancreatitis were selected. Analysis for PRSS1 gene mutations was performed by complete sequence analysis of the exons. All patients received a structured questionnaire. From 25 families 61 patients were included (2,047 person-years). PRSS1 mutations were detected in 52 patients (85.2%): p.R122H (67.2%), p.N29I (14.8%), p.E79K (1.6%), p.N29T (1.6%). In the 40 patients whose clinical data were known the median age at diagnosis was 10.5 years (range: 0-42 years). Pain was reported in 28 (70% of 40 patients in whom all information was complete). 27 patients (67.5%) were admitted to the hospital once or more due to the attacks of pancreatitis. Exocrine and endocrine dysfunction was seen in 6 patients (15%). 24 patients (60%) had undergone a surgical intervention, 10 of whom had undergone a pancreaticojejunostomy. A family history of pancreatic carcinoma was found in 5 patients (12.5%). The percentage of PRSS1 mutation was high (85.2%) among this Dutch population that was selected on basis of a positive family history of hereditary pancreatitis. Most patients had no chronic pain.
    Nederlands tijdschrift voor geneeskunde 01/2009; 153:A324.
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    ABSTRACT: In 2003, the European Commission advised the Member States to start colorectal cancer screening. More than 12 million Europeans have been tested to date, not only by means of faecal occult blood testing but often also by opportunistic endoscopy. Nearly all of the screening programmes concerned were opportunistic in nature. The Dutch government is currently considering the implementation of an organised screening programme for the detection of colorectal cancer. The question no longer seems to be whether a screening programme should be started but rather which screening test should be used. We argue that an immunological faecal occult blood test is to be preferred over other screening tests, such as endoscopy.
    Nederlands tijdschrift voor geneeskunde 01/2009; 153:A474.
  • JAMA The Journal of the American Medical Association 12/2008; 300(17):1996; author reply 1996-7. · 29.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Tropical calcific pancreatitis (TCP) refers to a type of idiopathic pancreatitis prevalent in Asia. The trypsin inhibitor (SPINK1) N34S variant partially explains the genetic susceptibility to TCP. As anionic trypsinogen (PRSS2) G191R protects against chronic pancreatitis in Europeans, we investigated whether this variant protects from TCP in Indians. We enrolled 174 patients and 794 controls from two Indian tertiary care referral hospitals. We analyzed PRSS2 and SPINK1 variants by melting curve analysis, allele-specific discrimination assay, and sequencing. G191R was detected in 1 TCP patient (0.6%) compared to 13 controls (1.6%; OR 0.27, 95% CI 0.03-2.1; p = 0.33). SPINK1 N34S was enriched in the TCP population 67/174 (38.5%) compared to controls 10/234 (4.3%; OR 14, 95% CI 6.9-28.3; p < 0.001). G191R PRSS2 is a rare allele in the Indian population and the data suggest a nonsignificant trend towards a protective effect. N34S SPINK1 represents the major genetic risk factor in TCP.
    Pancreatology 12/2008; 9(1-2):145-9. · 2.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The Rome criteria have been introduced to create order in the heterogeneity of functional dyspepsia. The applicability of these symptom-based classification systems remains controversial. To evaluate the successive Rome criteria for functional dyspepsia in a large pool of patients with endoscopically verified functional dyspepsia. Patients referred to a secondary care district hospital were asked to fill out a questionnaire on gastrointestinal symptoms 2 weeks before upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Patients were classified according to the Rome I, II, and III criteria for functional dyspepsia. Nine hundred and twelve (70%) patients had no organic disorder explaining their symptoms. According to the Rome I, II, and III criteria, 371 (41%), 735 (81%), and 551 (60%) of these patients had functional dyspepsia, respectively. Twenty-five percent of patients had functional dyspepsia according to all 3 Rome criteria, whereas 15% was not classifiable at all. Forty-four percent and 42% of the patients, respectively, had epigastric pain syndrome and postprandial distress syndrome according to the Rome III criteria; however, 26% of all patients met both criteria and 40% was not classified at all. The symptom-based Rome classification of functional dyspepsia does not lead to an easily applicable and consistent system that is useful in clinical practice or scientific research.
    Journal of clinical gastroenterology 09/2008; 43(2):118-22. · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The phenotype of DM2 shows similarities as well as differences to that of Myotonic Dystrophy type 1 (DM1). Gastrointestinal dysfunction is common in DM1 and 25% of the patients consider this to be the most disabling consequence of the disease. Little is known about gastrointestinal involvement in Myotonic Dystrophy type 2 (DM2). The aim of the study was to explore the occurrence and characteristics of gastrointestinal symptoms in patients with DM2. This was compared to symptoms in adult-onset DM1 patients, and to age- and sex-matched healthy controls. Twenty-nine genetically proven DM2 patients filled out two standardized questionnaires about gastrointestinal symptoms; most important outcome measures were answers to questions about dysphagia, abdominal pain, and constipation. The results were compared to those of 29 adult-onset DM1 patients, and to 87 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. Radiological measurement of colon transit time was investigated in 18 DM2 patients. Dysphagia for liquids (38%) and solid food (41%), abdominal pain (62%), and constipation (62%) were all significantly more common among DM2 patients than among healthy controls, and comparable to their occurrence in DM1. Colon transit time was increased in 24% of the DM2 patients. Our results show that gastrointestinal symptoms are highly prevalent in DM2 patients. Gastrointestinal dysfunction may be attributed to any part of the gastrointestinal tract. The results provide new insight into the clinical picture of DM2.
    Neuromuscular Disorders 08/2008; 18(8):646-9. · 3.13 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

3k Citations
693.49 Total Impact Points


  • 2013
    • Hospital Elkerliek
      Helmond, North Brabant, Netherlands
  • 1982–2011
    • Radboud University Nijmegen
      • • Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
      • • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
      Nijmegen, Provincie Gelderland, Netherlands
  • 1987–2010
    • Radboud University Medical Centre (Radboudumc)
      • Department of Human Genetics
      Nymegen, Gelderland, Netherlands
  • 2009
    • Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin
      • Medical Department, Division of Hepatology and Gastroenterology
      Berlin, Land Berlin, Germany
  • 2006
    • Can Tho University of Medicine and Pharmacy
      Kan Tho, Cần Thơ, Vietnam
  • 2005
    • University of Antwerp
      Antwerpen, Flanders, Belgium
  • 1996
    • Wageningen University
      • Division of Human Nutrition
      Wageningen, Provincie Gelderland, Netherlands
  • 1992
    • University Medical Center Utrecht
      • Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
      Utrecht, Provincie Utrecht, Netherlands
  • 1987–1992
    • Leiden University Medical Centre
      • Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
      Leiden, South Holland, Netherlands