Mahesh Mansukhani

New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York City, New York, United States

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Publications (77)342.98 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Lung cancer is a rare event in the pediatric and adolescent population. To date, only a few case reports and small case series have been published, and little is known about the risk factors associated with this entity in children and adolescents. We describe a case of adenocarcinoma in situ in a 15-year-old adolescent girl with previous surgical treatment for malignant melanoma. We provide a detailed genomic characterization of this neoplasm by comparative genomic hybridization, genome-wide single-nucleotide polymorphism array, and fluorescence in situ hybridization analyses. We identify chromosomal regions with copy number changes and correlate the corresponding genes within these regions with the available literature in the area.
    Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine 04/2014; 138(4):559-63. · 2.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Composite plasma cell neoplasm (PCN) and low grade B-cell lymphoma (B-NHL) in the bone marrow are uncommon and raise the differential diagnosis of B-NHL with plasmacytic differentiation and PCN with lymphoplasmacytic morphology. This can be a challenging differential diagnosis, and the distinctions are important because of differences in management. We report five cases of composite PCN with B-NHL or clonal B-cell infiltrates involving the bone marrow. By using multiple different diagnostic modalities, including immunophenotyping by flow cytometry and immunohistochemistry, cytogenetic analysis and IGH gene rearrangement studies by polymerase chain reaction, we were able to distinguish two distinct clonally unrelated neoplasms in all cases. We describe the utility and pitfalls of these different diagnostic modalities. Flow cytometric analysis with a panel of antibodies that includes CD19, CD56, CD138, CD45 and other aberrant markers commonly expressed by PCN will allow identification of clonally unrelated PCN and B-NHL in a composite neoplasm, and distinguish them from B-NHL with plasmacytic differentiation and PCN with lymphoplasmacytic morphology. Cytogenetic and molecular analyses can give false-negative or false-positive results. In summary, a multimodal approach utilizing these different tools, including clinical data, should be used to arrive at the correct diagnosis. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Hematological Oncology 01/2014; · 2.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lung cancer is a leading cause of mortality, and patients often present at a late stage. More recently, advances in screening, diagnosing, and treating lung cancer have been made. For instance, greater numbers of minimally invasive procedures are being performed, and identification of lung adenocarcinoma driver mutations has led to the implementation of targeted therapies. Advances in molecular techniques enable use of scant tissue, including cytology specimens. In addition, per recently published consensus guidelines, cytology-derived cell blocks (CBs) are preferred over direct smears. Yet, limited comparison of molecular testing of fine-needle aspiration (FNA) CBs and corresponding histology specimens has been performed. This study aimed to establish concordance of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and Kirsten rat sarcoma (KRAS) virus homolog testing between FNA CBs and histology samples from the same patients.
    CytoJournal 01/2014; 11:12.
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    ABSTRACT: We report a rare case of peripheral T-cell lymphoma arising in a 52-year-old man with biopsy-proven aggressive polymyositis, who had cardiac involvement, progressive bulbar symptoms, and died 11 months post diagnosis due to multiorgan failure. Using a multimodality approach including immunohistochemistry, genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-array analysis, and high-throughput sequencing of the complementary determining region 3 (CDR3) of T-cell receptor beta (TCRβ) genes, our study demonstrates a molecular link between polymyositis and T-cell lymphoma, and provides evidence of the rapid and possibly late occurrence of genomic instability during neoplastic transformation of an oligoclonal T-cell population. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed loss of CD5, CD7, and CD8 antigen expression in autopsy tissue samples, as well as the occurrence of aberrant CD56 expression, not seen in pre-mortem biopsies, supporting the emergence of a neoplastic T-cell population. Multiplex polymerase chain reaction and next-generation sequencing of the TCRβ CDR3 region displayed two unique T-cell clones in both the diagnostic biopsy confirming polymyositis and the autopsy muscle tissue exhibiting T-cell lymphoma, linking the two pathological processes. SNP-array analysis revealed complex genomic abnormalities at autopsy but not in the pre-mortem muscle biopsies displaying polymyositis, confirming malignant transformation of the oligoclonal T-cell infiltrate. Our findings raise the possibility that clinically aggressive polymyositis might represent a preneoplastic condition in some instances, similar to certain other autoimmune and inflammatory disorders.
    Acta Neuropathologica 08/2013; · 9.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Follicular lymphoma (FL) in situ (FLIS) was first described and proposed as a distinct entity associated with an indolent clinical course in 2002. To gain further insight into the biology of this enigmatic lymphoproliferation, we analyzed morphologic, phenotypic, cytogenetic and molecular features of tissue specimens manifesting a pattern of follicular colonization by Bcl-2(bright+)CD10(+) B-cells and associated lymphomas from 13 adults and evaluated their clinical outcomes. We observed this immunoarchitectural pattern in lymph nodes (n = 9), at extranodal sites (n = 5), or at both locations (n = 1) at diagnosis. All except 3 cases showed concomitant bright CD10 expression. Six (46%) patients had synchronous and 2 (15%) developed metachronous B-cell lymphomas, with 5 representing high-grade lymphomas. The Bcl-2(bright+)CD10(+) B-cells colonizing reactive follicles and synchronous lymphomas were clonally related in 4/5 (80%) cases analyzed and 5/6 (83%) displayed BCL2 translocations. Two cases exhibited complex karyotypes in both components; a genetic "triple hit" was detected in one instance and 2 copies of t(14,18) were observed in a lymph node biopsy lacking evidence of lymphoma from an individual with stage 4 disease, suspected on imaging, who subsequently displayed a mantle zone/perifollicular infiltrate of Bcl-2(bright+)CD10(+) B-cells in the adenoids. Our findings suggest that bright Bcl-2, and often bright CD10 expression, by B-cells colonizing reactive follicles might represent a phenomenon related to follicular homing of lymphoma, rather than being an attribute of preneoplastic FL precursors. Furthermore, due to the relatively high frequency of overt lymphomas observed, complete staging workup is recommended for patients exhibiting a Bcl-2(bright+)CD10(+) B-cell follicular colonization pattern on biopsy.
    Human pathology 01/2013; · 3.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Self-sampling could increase cervical cancer screening uptake. While methods have been identified for human papillomavirus (HPV) testing, to date, self-sampling has not provided adequate specimens for cytology. We piloted the validity and reliability of using a self-lavaging device for cervical cytology and HPV testing. We enrolled 198 women in New York City in 2008-2009 from three ambulatory clinics where they received cervical cancer screening. All were asked to use the Delphi Screener™ to self-lavage 1-3 months after clinician-collected index cytological smear (100 normal; 98 abnormal). Women with abnormal cytology results from either specimen underwent colposcopy; 10 women with normal results from both specimens also underwent colposcopy. We calculated sensitivity of self-collected cytology to detect histologically confirmed high grade lesions (cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, CIN, 2+); specificity for histology-negative (CIN 1 or lower), paired cytology negative, or a third cytology negative; and kappa for paired results. One hundred and ninety-seven (99.5%) women self-collected a lavage. Seventy-five percent had moderate to excellent cellularity, two specimens were unsatisfactory for cytology. Seven of 167 (4%) women with definitive results had CIN2+; one had normal and six abnormal cytology results with the self-lavage (sensitivity = 86%, 95% Confidence Interval, CI: 42, 100). The kappa for paired cytology was low (0.36; 95% CI: 0.25, 0.47) primarily due to clinician specimens with atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASC-US) and low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL) coded as normal using Screener specimens. However, three cases of HSIL were coded as ASC-US and one as normal using Screener specimens. Seventy-three women had paired high-risk HPV tests with a kappa of 0.66 (95% CI: 0.49, 0.84). Based on these preliminary findings, a larger study to estimate the performance of the Screener for co-testing cytology and HPV or for HPV testing with cytology triage is warranted. ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00702208.
    PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(12):e82115. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Thymidylate synthase expression is known to be higher in squamous cell carcinoma than in adenocarcinoma of the lung. It is thought that this is the reason for the poor efficacy of pemetrexed in squamous cell carcinoma. However, there is limited data on thymidylate synthase expression in adenosquamous carcinoma, a distinct subtype of lung cancer containing both squamous and glandular differentiation. Furthermore, molecular alterations like epidermal growth factor receptor and Kirsten rat sarcoma 2 viral oncogene homolog mutations, which are seen in adenocarcinomas, are not well understood in mixed histology tumors such as adenosquamous carcinoma. In our study, we sought to better characterize adenosquamous tumors of the lung. Using immunohistochemistry to evaluate thymidylate synthase protein levels, we found that the expression of thymidylate synthase in these mixed tumors roughly parallel that of squamous cell carcinoma, instead of falling in between squamous cell and adenocarcinoma. Of note, in adenosquamous samples, the expression of thymidylate synthase was more closely correlated within the two components than would be expected by random chance alone. Also, we had a relatively high rate of epidermal growth factor receptor (11%) and Kirsten rat sarcoma 2 viral oncogene homolog (33%) mutations in these specimens, with the mutations showing convergence in both the glandular and squamous components upon microdissection. Our results indicate that adenosquamous carcinomas are not simple mixtures of their two histological components; they rather behave as their own entity, and it is important to further understand their behavior. Given the similarity of thymidylate synthase expression between squamous cell and adenosquamous carcinoma, and that thymidylate synthase is the main target of pemetrexed, we extrapolate that pemetrexed may also have inferior clinical activity in adenosquamous carcinoma.Modern Pathology advance online publication, 21 September 2012; doi:10.1038/modpathol.2012.158.
    Modern Pathology 09/2012; · 5.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hairy cell leukaemia (HCL) is a rare type of B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B-NHL), which is not known to be associated with any characteristic recurrent karyotypic abnormality. A recent study that used massively parallel whole exome sequencing identified an activating V600E mutation in BRAF, which appeared specific for HCL. Here, we confirm the specificity of BRAF V600E for HCL among low and intermediate grade B-NHL and describe a real-time polymerase chain reaction method for detecting this mutation in cases with low tumour burden. The V600E mutation does not appear to be associated with microsatellite instability, unlike the case in colorectal cancer. Thus, in conjunction with prior data, our results suggest incorporation of BRAF V600E mutation analysis in the diagnostic workup of HCL cases. Additionally, targeting the Ras-Raf-Mek-Erk-Map kinase pathway should be investigated as a potential therapeutic strategy for patients with this disease. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Hematological Oncology 12/2011; · 2.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: After encouraging results from 2 clinical trials performed at our institution to test intravesical taxane based chemotherapy for bacillus Calmette-Guérin refractory, nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer we designed a study to identify molecular markers linked to the optimal response to such treatment modality. Included in the institutional review board approved study were 32 patients with nonmuscle invasive, bacillus Calmette-Guérin refractory bladder cancer who received intravesical taxane chemotherapy, that is docetaxel or nanoparticle albumin-bound paclitaxel. Immunophenotype analysis on tissue samples obtained before intravesical taxane therapy was done using a panel of molecular markers, including Ki-67, p53, and the microtubule associated proteins tau and stathmin. Increased total tau (cytoplasmic and nuclear) and stathmin expression before intravesical taxane therapy was significantly associated with decreased recurrence-free survival (p <0.0001 and 0.007, respectively). A tau positive phenotype was an independent prognostic factor for recurrence-free survival on multivariate analysis (HR 15.66, 95% CI 2.68-91.71, p = 0.002). Neither the proliferation index assessed by Ki-67 expression nor p53 status was significantly associated with recurrence-free survival. Assessment of tau and stathmin protein expression should be considered to select patients before intravesical taxane based chemotherapy for nonmuscle invasive, bacillus Calmette-Guérin refractory bladder cancer since those who have tumors with low tau/stathmin protein expression show a better response to therapy.
    The Journal of urology 09/2011; 186(5):2094-100. · 3.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PAX8 and PAX2 are cell-lineage-specific transcription factors that are essential for the development of Wolffian and Müllerian ducts and have recently emerged as specific diagnostic markers for tumors of renal or Müllerian origin. Little is known about their expression in the Wolffian duct-derived human male genital tract. We report our findings of PAX8 and PAX2 expression in the epithelium of the normal male genital tract and in epithelial tumors derived therefrom using immunohistochemistry (IHC). We found that PAX8 and PAX2 were expressed in the epithelium of the male genital tract from the rete testis to the ejaculatory duct. Rare glands in the prostatic central zone, a tissue of purported Wolffian duct origin, were focally positive for PAX2, but no PAX8 was detected in this area, a finding that may warrant further study. We found diffuse expression of PAX8 and PAX2 in 1 case each of serous cystadenoma of the epididymis, carcinoma of the rete testis, Wolffian adnexal tumor of the seminal vesicle, and endometrioid carcinoma of the seminal vesicle. Neither PAX8 nor PAX2 was detected in the seminiferous tubules and interstitium of the normal testis, nor in Leydig cell tumors (n=6), Sertoli cell tumors (n=2), or 48 of 49 germ cell tumors. One pediatric yolk sac tumor showed focal and weak staining for PAX8. Tumors of mesothelial origin, that is, adenomatoid tumors (n=3) and peritoneal malignant mesotheliomas (n=37) in men, were negative for PAX2 and PAX8. Neither PAX2 nor PAX8 was present in other areas of the prostate. Expression of PAX8 and PAX2 in these primary epithelial neoplasms of the male genital tract is due to their histogenetic relationship with Wolffian or Müllerian ducts. PAX8 and PAX2 IHC may facilitate the diagnosis of these tumors and should be included in the differential diagnostic IHC panel.
    The American journal of surgical pathology 09/2011; 35(10):1473-83. · 4.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Non-random karyotypic abnormalities associated with non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHLs) have been described in cases of reactive lymphoid hyperplasia (RLH). However, the frequency and types of cytogenetic aberrations detected and their clinical relevance are unknown. To address these questions, we undertook a retrospective analysis of a large series of RLH diagnosed at our institute over 8 years. Cytogenetic abnormalities were identified in 20 of 116 (17%) cases with informative karyotypes, comprising 14 (70%) structural and 11 (55%) numerical changes. Clonal (n  =  14, 70%) and non-clonal (n  =  6, 30%) abnormalities were observed. Aberrations of chromosome 14 were the most frequent (n = 8, 42%, 7 represented IgH translocations), followed by chromosome 3 (n  =  4, 3 represented BCL6 translocations), and chromosome 12 (n = 4). Abnormal karyotypes were most often associated with florid follicular hyperplasia. Isolated lymphoid organ (lymph node, tonsil or spleen) enlargement (12/20, 60%) was more common, no specific etiology was identified in 10/20 (50%) cases and only 1 of 18 patients with clinical follow-up (range 2-107 months, median 60 months) developed lymphoma. In our experience, cytogenetic abnormalities involving loci associated with B-cell NHL are not infrequently detected in RLH. Their occurrence portends low risk for lymphomagenesis, however longer follow-up is prudent to further evaluate the natural history of such cases.
    Hematological Oncology 06/2011; 29(2):81-90. · 2.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Previous studies have suggested that polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) may be associated with breast cancer. However, the carcinogenicity of PAHs on the human breast remains unclear. Certain carcinogens may be associated with specific mutation patterns in the p53 tumor suppressor gene, thereby contributing information about disease etiology.Objectives: We hypothesized that associations of PAH-related exposures with breast cancer would differ according to tumor p53 mutation status, effect, type, and number. We examined this possibility in a population-based case-control study using polytomous logistic regression. As previously reported, 151 p53 mutations among 859 tumors were identified using Surveyor nuclease and confirmed by sequencing. We found that participants with p53 mutations were less likely to be exposed to PAHs (assessed by smoking status in 859 cases and 1,556 controls, grilled/smoked meat intake in 822 cases and 1,475 controls, and PAH-DNA adducts in peripheral mononuclear cells in 487 cases and 941 controls) than participants without p53 mutations. For example, active and passive smoking was associated with p53 mutation-negative [odds ratio (OR) = 1.55; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.11-2.15] but not p53 mutation-positive (OR = 0.77; 95% CI, 0.43-1.38) cancer (ratio of the ORs = 0.50, p < 0.05). However, frameshift mutations, mutation number, G:C-->A:T transitions at CpG sites, and insertions/deletions were consistently elevated among exposed subjects. These findings suggest that PAHs may be associated with specific breast tumor p53 mutation subgroups rather than with overall p53 mutations and may also be related to breast cancer through mechanisms other than p53 mutation.
    Environmental Health Perspectives 04/2010; 118(4):511-8. · 7.26 Impact Factor
  • Medical Physics 01/2010; 37(6). · 2.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to determine if the ThinPrep Imaging System (T1S) improves the positive predictive value (PPV) of atypical glandular cell (AGC) diagnosis for identifying HPV-related squamous and/or glandular lesions over manual screening (MS), and if human papilloma virus (HPV)-DNA testing improves the diagnostic yield. 85 ThinPrep cervical cytology specimens with a diagnosis of AGC by TIS (n = 51) and MS (n = 34) were retrieved. The diagnoses were correlated with corresponding histologic follow-up and high risk (HR)-HPV testing results. The PPV of AGC by TIS and MS for HPV-related squamous lesions were similar. In the MS group, more cases of glandular pathology were identified, however only three represented adenocarcinoma in-situ (AIS), and the remaining ten were endometrial carcinomas (EMCA). TIS and MS are comparable in the detection of AGC representing squamous histology and the addition of HPV DNA testing does not differentially improve performance. Although the MS group harbored more glandular pathology, the differences in the detection of AIS were not statistically significant.
    Diagnostic Cytopathology 12/2009; 38(10):705-9. · 1.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Collagenous sprue is associated with high morbidity; however, the etiology of this disorder is unclear. Data regarding the pathological and clinical manifestations of patients with collagenous sprue are also limited. We, thus, undertook this study to gain insight into the etiology, disease manifestations and outcomes of collagenous sprue. We searched our departmental database (1999-2008) to identify cases of collagenous sprue and to obtain clinical and laboratory data. Small bowel histology, including thickness of subepithelial collagen, intra-epithelial lymphocyte phenotype and results of T-cell clonality assays were evaluated. Nineteen patients (15 women, 4 men, age 22-80 years, mean 57 years) were identified. Seventeen (89%) had celiac disease and two had unclassified sprue; 9 of 17 (53%) celiac disease patients had refractory disease; 5 of 15 (33%) lacked diarrhea (atypical presentation), including 2 of 6 (33%) with active (untreated) celiac disease and 3 of 9 (33%) with refractory celiac disease. Autoimmune disorders were seen in 12 of 19 (63%) patients and microscopic colitis (n=7), lymphocytic gastritis (n=2) or collagenous gastritis (n=2) were seen in nine patients. Subepithelial collagen thickness was mildly (n=6), moderately (n=10), or markedly (n=3) increased and villous atrophy was total (n=13) or subtotal (n=6). Phenotypically aberrant intraepithelial lymphocytes were not detected in any case. Polymerase chain reaction analysis showed a dominant T-cell clone in the only patient with refractory celiac disease type II. Histological improvement occurred in 7 of 11 (64%) patients. Overall, 8 of 19 (42%) responded to gluten-free diet, including 2 of 9 (22%) with refractory celiac disease and 10 responded to immunomodulatory therapy, including 6 of 9 (67%) with refractory celiac disease. Only one patient died from complications of refractory celiac disease. No patient developed lymphoma. The vast majority of our patients with collagenous sprue had celiac disease. Although, many patients required immunomodulatory therapy for symptom control, a subset responded to gluten-free diet alone. In our experience, collagenous sprue patients had relatively good clinical outcomes.
    Modern Pathology 10/2009; 23(1):12-26. · 5.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cervical cancer (CC) is the second most common cancer in women. Currently, no tractable molecular-based therapeutic targets exist for patients with invasive CC and no predictive markers of risk assessment for progression of precancerous lesions are identified. New molecular insights into CC pathogenesis are urgently needed. Towards this goal, we first determined the copy number alterations of chromosome 4 and then examined the role of PCDH10 mapped to 4q28 as a candidate tumor suppressor gene. We identified monosomy 4 in 47% of 81 invasive CC studied by SNP array and found that 91% of 130 invasive CC harboring methylation in the promoter region of the PCDH10 gene. We then showed that aberrant promoter hypermethylation of PCDH10 is associated with downregulation of gene expression and cell lines exposed to demethylating agent resulted in profound reactivated gene expression. We also showed that the promoter methylation in the PCDH10 gene occurs at an earliest identifiable stage of low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion. Our studies demonstrate that inactivation of PCDH10 may be a critical event in CC progression and form a potentially useful therapeutic target for CC.
    Genes Chromosomes and Cancer 09/2009; 48(11):983-92. · 3.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study demonstrates the feasibility of using a novel 2D spectrum ultrasonic tissue characterization (UTC) technique for prostate-cancer diagnosis. Normalized 2D spectra are computed by performing Fourier transforms along the range (beam) and the cross-range directions of the digital radio-frequency echo data, then dividing by a reference spectrum. This 2D spectrum method provides axial and lateral information of tissue microstructures, an improvement over the current 1D spectrum analysis which only provides axial information. A pilot study was conducted on four prostate-cancer patients who underwent radical prostatectomies. Cancerous and noncancerous regions of interest, identified through histology, were compared using four 2D spectral parameters: peak value and 3 dB width of the radially integrated spectral power (RISP), slope and intercept of the angularly integrated spectral power (AISP). For noncancerous and cancerous prostatic tissues, respectively, our investigation yielded 23 +/- 1 and 26 +/- 1 dB for peak value of RISP, 7.8 +/- 0.5 degrees and 7.6 +/- 0.6 degrees for 3 dB of RISP, -2.1 +/- 0.2 and -2.7 +/- 0.4 dB/MHz for slope of AISP, and 92 +/- 5 and 112 +/- 6 dB for intercept of AISP. Preliminary results indicated that 2D spectral UTC has the potential for identifying tumor-bearing regions within the prostate gland.
    Medical Physics 08/2009; 36(8):3504-11. · 2.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cell-lineage-specific transcription factors are a group of regulatory proteins expressed in embryonic, differentiated, or neoplastic cells of the same lineage and represent a valuable repertoire of tissue-specific markers for the diagnosis of human tumors. Together with PAX2, PAX8 is a nephric-lineage transcription factor and is required for the establishment of renal-lineage cells and the formation of the kidney. In contrast to PAX2, little is known about the expression of PAX8 in adult kidney and renal tumors. In this study, we used immunohistochemistry to investigate the expression of PAX8 in adult human kidney and renal epithelial tumors. We report here that PAX8 was detected in renal epithelial cells in all segments of renal tubules from the proximal tubules to the renal papillae and in the parietal cells of Bowman's capsule in the adult kidney. PAX8 was also present in 98% of clear cell renal cell carcinomas (RCCs), 90% of papillary RCCs, and 95% of oncocytomas, similar to PAX2. In addition, PAX8 was found in 82% of chromophobe RCCs, 71% of sarcomatoid components of RCCs, and 100% (2/2) of renal medullary carcinomas. Overall, PAX8 was detected in 85% of metastatic renal tumors. Interestingly, expression of PAX8 was noted in some urothelial cells in the renal pelvis and ureters and ~23% of urothelial carcinomas of the renal pelvis, but not in the urothelium or urothelial carcinomas of the urinary bladder; this probably underlines the different embryonic origins of urothelial cells in the upper and lower urinary tracts. As shown in this study, PAX8 is widely expressed in normal and neoplastic renal tissues. PAX8 may be a useful additional marker for renal epithelial tumors; however, its specificity and sensitivity await further investigation.Keywords: PAX8, renal epithelial tumors, urothelial carcinoma, immunohistochemistry
    Modern Pathology 06/2009; 22(9):1218-1227. · 5.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) is a rare type of B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), which predominantly occurs in HIV-infected individuals, and is pathogenetically linked with Kaposi sarcoma (KS)-associated herpes virus/human herpes virus-8 (KSHV/HHV-8) infection with or without evidence of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) co-infection. Although uncommon, PELs have been reported in immunocompetent patients and recipients of solid organ allografts. Rare cases of KSHV(-) EBV(+) post-transplant effusion lymphomas resembling PEL have also been described, as have KSHV(-) EBV(-) effusion lymphomas, the latter including those arising in individuals with chronic liver disease. We report a unique KSHV(-) EBV(-) post-transplant effusion lymphoma associated with serum paraproteins, occurring in an HIV(-) individual, which had cytologic features and phenotype similar to PEL, and displayed a complex karyotype including isochromosome 12p and translocation t(8;22), resulting in rearrangement of c-MYC.
    Hematological Oncology 03/2009; 27(4):203-10. · 2.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: p53 is an important tumour suppressor gene that encodes p53 protein, a molecule involved in cell cycle regulation and has been inconsistently linked to breast cancer survival. Using archived tumour tissue from a population-based sample of 859 women diagnosed with breast cancer between 1996 and 1997, we determined p53 mutations in exons 5-8 and p53 protein overexpression. We examined the association of p53 mutations with overexpression and selected tumour clinical parameters. We assessed whether either p53 marker was associated with survival through 2002, adjusting for other tumour markers and prognostic factors. The prevalence of protein overexpression in the tumour was 36% (307/859) and of any p53 mutation was 15% (128/859). p53 overexpression was positively associated with the presence of any p53 mutation (odds ratio [OR]= 2.2, 95% confidence interval [CI]= 1.5-3.2), particularly missense mutations (ER = 7.0, 95% CI = 3.6-13.7). Negative oestrogen and progesterone receptor (ER/PR) status was positively associated with both p53 protein overexpression (= 2.6, 95% CI = 1.7-4.0) and p53 mutation (OR = 3.9, 95% CI = 2.4-6.5). Any p53 mutation and missense mutations, but not p53 protein overexpression, were associated with breast cancer-specific mortality (hazard ratio [HR]= 1.7, 95% CI = 1.0-2.8; HR = 2.0, 95% CI = 1.1-3.6, respectively) and all-cause mortality (HR = 1.5, 95% CI = 1.0-2.4; HR = 2.0, 95% CI = 1.2-3.4, respectively); nonsense mutations were associated only with breast cancer-specific mortality (HR = 3.0, 95% CI = 1.1-8.1). These associations however did not remain after adjusting for ER/PR status. Thus, in this population-based cohort of women with breast cancer, although p53 protein overexpression and p53 mutations were associated with each other, neither independently impacted breast cancer-specific or all-causing mortality, after considering ER/PR status.
    Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine 11/2008; 13(9B):3847-57. · 4.75 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2k Citations
342.98 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2004–2014
    • New York Presbyterian Hospital
      • Department of Pathology
      New York City, New York, United States
  • 2002–2011
    • Columbia University
      • • Department of Pathology & Cell Biology
      • • Department of Surgery
      New York City, NY, United States
    • University of California, Los Angeles
      Los Angeles, California, United States
  • 2009
    • Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
      • Department of Pathology
      New York City, NY, United States
  • 2002–2009
    • New York University
      • Department of Pathology
      New York City, NY, United States
  • 2007
    • Mediterranean Institute of Hematology
      Roma, Latium, Italy
  • 2003–2004
    • CUNY Graduate Center
      New York City, New York, United States