[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Staphylococcus pseudintermedius is a veterinary pathogen that has been seldom described as a human agent of disease. Features of this probably under-reported coagulase positive Staphylococcus species are here depicted through the description of a Graft versus Host Disease-related wound infection caused by a multidrug-resistant strain.
Journal of clinical microbiology 03/2013; · 4.23 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Propionibacterium acnes is dominating group of resident bacteria in skin biocenosis. These bacteria participate in autosterilisation of skin with the process of decomposition of triglycerides into free fatty acids and by keeping the pH of skin on the level 5.5. When the process goes out of control the excess of fatty acids in sebaceous glands leads to necrosis and inflammation. Apart of the presence on the skin P acnes also are present in mucous membranes of intestinal tract, eyes, internal ears channels, and in upper respiratory tracts. Traditionally they are regarded as anaerobes, but they tolerate oxygen atmosphere and are resistant to phagocytosis, surviving even in macrophages. These bacteria produce a number of enzymes and proinflammatory factors activating monocytes, stimulating mitogenic activity of lymphocytes T. According to common opinion they are responsible for disease acne vulgaris, but there are also researchers claiming their low pathogenicity. The list of the P acnes related diseases is not short, some of these diseases may be facilitated by predisposing factors as surgery interventions, diagnostic, or cosmetic procedures. The aim of the study was to compare standard biochemical analysis of P acnes strains to genotypic typing basing on the results from MP-PCR analyses. Relations of hemolysis activity to biochemical types or genetic types were also analysed.
The analysis of 66 P acnes strains isolated from skin lesions of patients with acne vulgaris was performed. A collection of the strains was analysed biochemically according to Pulverer, Sourek and Hoffler method modified by Kasprowicz, and typed genetically by MP-PCR method. Relations of biochemical and genetic types to beta-hemolysis of strains were studied.
Dominating biochemical type was type number I grouping 79% of all isolates, and dominant genotype was A which was detected in 75% of all collected strains. Beta-hemolysis was a feature present in 34% of strains, more frequently in type I (40%) than in type II (12%). beta-hemolysis was present only in A-genotype strains, but A-genotype by itself does not determine that reaction: 53% of A-genotype strains does not exhibit beta-hemolysis. All type I strains represent A-genotype. Type II was genotypicaly differentiated: all genotypes A, A', B, and C were present.
The results obtained show genotypic heterogenity of P acnes strains and relations to biochemical types. Hemolysis was detected independently to biotype or genotype representation. The results confirm biochemical and genetic heterogenities of P acnes, but the observations also indicate necessity of further microbiological-molecular investigation of that bacteria group using other molecular techniques to the study.
Medycyna doświadczalna i mikrobiologia 01/2012; 64(3):203-10.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To determine the staphylococcal colonization pattern in healthy and diseased dogs, living in two particular environments, a number of microbiological samples were taken. Overall, twenty dogs, either healthy or with infected skin lesions, were examined. In each case bacterial swabs were collected from the nasal mucosa, ear, perineum, lumbo-sacralis triangle, and from the infection sites if such were present. A total number of 104 isolates representing different staphylococcal species were isolated and identified using routine biochemical methods applied in diagnostic laboratories. Among 17 isolated staphylococcal species, Staphylococcus intermedius was the most common species isolated from both healthy or diseased dogs living either in animal shelter or household environments. The pattern of Staphylococcus sp. colonization differs considerably for animals living in the two tested habitats. In particular, S. aureus MRSA and MSSA isolates were detected only in infected skin lesion samples from animals that dwelled in the animal shelter. As could be expected, S. intermedius was found to be a predominant causative agent in canine skin infections. In our study, we demonstrated that S. intermedius in its carrier-state, inhabits mainly the mucosal membrane of the nasal vestibule. It was also found in the samples taken from the skin, the lumbo-sacralis triangle and perineum, but was rarely isolated from the ears.
Polish journal of microbiology / Polskie Towarzystwo Mikrobiologów = The Polish Society of Microbiologists 01/2011; 60(1):19-26. · 0.87 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: ChemInform is a weekly Abstracting Service, delivering concise information at a glance that was extracted from about 100 leading journals. To access a ChemInform Abstract of an article which was published elsewhere, please select a “Full Text” option. The original article is trackable via the “References” option.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We have reported a bacterial infection in a dog with progressive dysplasia of the hips. Orthopedic surgery was performed. Seven weeks prior to the surgery, the patient was bitten by another dog. The postimplantation wound exuded for four days after the surgery. Microbiological analysis performed by standard identification techniques showed the presence of Staphylococcus intermedius, but an additional molecular analysis indicated S. pseudintermedius. This was followed by an evaluation of antibiotic susceptibility of the strain which showed cefoxitin, ciprofloxacin, clindamycin, trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, doksycycline, erythromycin, and gentamicin resistance. Minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) values for selected antibiotics were reported. Resistance for cefoxitin indicates that methicillin resistant S. pseudintermedius (MRSP) strains were present in individual macroorganisms, but they can expand and persist the colonization of other hosts.
Polish journal of microbiology / Polskie Towarzystwo Mikrobiologów = The Polish Society of Microbiologists 01/2010; 59(2):133-5. · 0.87 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Typing of Staphylococcus aureus isolates is a necessary procedure for monitoring the transmission of S. aureus among carriers and in epidemiology. Evaluation of the range of relationship among isolates rely on epidemiological markers and is possible because of the clonal character of S. aureus species. Effective typing shows the scheme of transmission of infection in a selected area, enables identifying the reservoir of the microorganism, and may enhance effective eradication. A set of typing methods for use in analyses of epidemiological correlations and the identification of S. aureus isolates is presented. The following methods of typing are described: biotyping, serotyping, antibiogram, protein electrophoresis, cell protein profiles (proteom), immunoblotting, multilocus enzyme electrophoresis (MLEE), zymotyping, and standard species identification of S. aureus in the diagnostic laboratory. Phenotyping methods for S. aureus isolates used in the past and today in epidemiological investigations and in analyses of correlations among S. aureus isolates are presented in this review. The presented methods use morphological characteristics, physiological properties, and chemical structures of the bacteria as criteria for typing. The precision of these standard methods is not always satisfactory as S. aureus strains with atypical biochemical characters have evolved recently. Therefore it is essential to introduce additional typing procedures using molecular biology methods without neglecting phenotypic methods.
Postępy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej (Advances in Hygiene and Experimental Medicine) 02/2008; 62:322-7.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Taurine chloramine (TauCl) and taurine bromamine (TauBr) are the main haloamines produced by activated neutrophils. TauCl exerts both anti-inflammatory and microbicidal activities. Clinical studies showed that TauCl may be useful as an antimicrobial agent in the local treatment of infections. Much less is known about TauBr. Circumstantial evidence suggests that Propionibacterium acnes (PA) has a role in the inflammation of acne. Available topical therapies include antimicrobial agents which reduce total PA numbers and anti-inflammatory agents which suppress activity of the cells present in acne inflammatory lesions. In this study the bactericidal activities of TauBr and TauCl against PA and Staphylococcus epidermidis (SE), as a control strain, were investigated. Moreover, the influence of these haloamines on the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by activated neutrophils was also tested.
TauBr and TauCl were prepared by reaction of taurine with HOBr and HOCl, respectively. The reaction was monitored by UV absorption spectra. The bactericidal activities of TauBr and TauCl were determined by the pourplate method. The generation of ROS by neutrophils was determined by luminol chemiluminescence assay.
In our experimental set-up, TauBr showed stronger antibacterial activity than TauCl. Interestingly, PA was significantly more susceptible to TauBr than SE was. Moreover, TauBr at non-cytotoxic concentrations significantly reduced ROS generation by neutrophils.
Since PA is considered to be an etiological agent in acne and ROS are closely correlated with the pathogenesis of inflammatory skin diseases, the reported data suggest that TauBr may be a good candidate for the topical therapy for acne vulgaris.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Propionibacterium acnes is a component of physiological flora of human skin. It colonizes the outlets of sebaceous glands and participates in the pathogenesis of inflammatory acne. Acne vulgaris is a common skin disease. It is found in more or less exacerbated form in approximately 85% of adolescent population. The main purpose of the research was to confirm the hypothesis of Propionibacterium bacteria participation in the aetiopathogenesis of acne vulgaris. The researches have proved the presence of Propionibacterium acnes on the surface of the skin both of people with acne-related changes and these with whom such changes were not found. Statistically significant differences were found in the number of P. acnes bacteria per 1 square centimeter of healthy and disease-affected skin as well as in the diversity of biochemical types. The highest number of P. acnes bacteria have been found in fresh changes with visible symptoms of inflammation. In order to confirm the hypothesis of the participation of Propionibacterium bacteria in the aetiopathogenesis of acne, a detailed phenotypical analysis of isolated P. acnes strains have been conducted. Type, biotype, resistance pattern, proteolytic and lipolytic properties have been determined.
Medycyna doświadczalna i mikrobiologia 02/2004; 56(1):79-92.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Various 5-chloroarylidene-2-amino substituted derivatives of imidazoline-4-one were synthesized and evaluated for their activity in vitro against Mycobacterium tuberculosis and other type strains of bacteria and fungi. 2-Chloro- and 2,4-dichlorobenzylidene substituted hydantoins exhibited antimycobacterial effect. The most potent compounds 3i, 3j, 3o, 3q and 3s were classified for further tests. The antimitotic effect of the investigated hydantoins was also examined.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The synthesis of new chloro-benzylidene substituted derivatives of hydantoin and their antimicrobial activity is reported. The structure-activity relationships showed that the antibacterial effect of investigated compounds depends on the distance of the phenyl ring from the amine residue and the kind of substitutes on the phenyl ring. In the investigated group of derivatives, 5-(2-chlorobenzylidene)-2-(4-fluorobenzylamine)-imidazoline-4-one and 5-(2-chlorobenzylidene)-2-(2-phenylethylamine)-imidazoline-4-one showed the best antibacterial activity against Moraxella catarrhalis.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this work it was demonstrated that the main microorganisms which cause, together with other, the generation of inflammatory changes are anaerobic bacteria from the genus Propionibacterium. P. acnes type I causes mild course acne changes while serious changes are generated by P. granulosum type II. It was observed that a high percentage of all tested Propionibacterium strains showed susceptibility to antibiotics but it did not reach 100%. In the treatment of acne changes all agents which could be conducive to generating them should be taken into consideration. The therapy should be complex and applied with regard to the course of disease of each individual patient.
Medycyna doświadczalna i mikrobiologia 02/1994; 46(1-2 Suppl):27-34.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from osteomyelitic were analysed biochemically and phage-typed. All examined strains were classified to the following biochemical groups: biotype I 6,332,153, biotype II 6,732,151, biotype III 6,732,151, biotype IV 6,732,150. Among the strains the following types were frequent: 3A, 3C, 55, 71 and 96.
Medycyna doświadczalna i mikrobiologia 02/1994; 46(1-2 Suppl):43-50.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this paper the bacterial flora of respiratory tract diseases of children and adults was described. Significant differences in the frequency of isolation of various species of bacteria in connection with the age and the clinical form of disease were observed. Haemophilus influenzae was isolated from the accessory sinuses of the nose of children with significantly higher frequency than from adults. This microorganism occurred as the only etiological agent in more than 50% of cases.
Medycyna doświadczalna i mikrobiologia 02/1994; 46(1-2 Suppl):59-66.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The study was aimed at detection of presence of Lactobacillus species bacteria in 167 samples of material derived from vagina of patients with cervix uteri (22 samples), chronic vaginosis (100 samples) and from women after treatment of inflammatory diseases (45 samples). Out of 100 isolated strains of Lactobacillus only 13 belonged to L. acidophilus. They were mainly present (10 strains) in patients after effective treatment of inflammatory diseases of reproductive organs. Remaining strains belonged to L. jensenii (18 strains) and Lactobacillus sp. (69 strains) and did not cleave glycogen. This was detected by quantitative determinations of lactic acid in cultures of these bacteria in the fluid media containing 0.25% of glycogen. It seems that treatment of bacterial infections of reproductive organs should be concentrated on not only elimination of pathogenic bacteria, but also on noneffective strains from Lactobacillus species (strains unable to cleave glycogen with production of lactic acid).
Medycyna doświadczalna i mikrobiologia 02/1993; 45(2):195-8.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this work the frequency of isolation of rods the genus Haemophilus from children suffering from various clinical sharpes of respiratory tract diseases. All isolated strains were tested in respect of species, biotype, the ability of adhesion to oral and laryngeal epithelia and their susceptibility to routinely applied antibiotics. A strong correlation between the species and biotype of rods from the genus Haemophilus and clinical shape of respiratory tract diseases was found. It was observed that the Haemophilus rods show differences in the ability of adhesion to oral and laryngeal epithelia. Only 52% of the isolated strains were susceptible to bactrim and 88% to tetracycline.
Otolaryngologia polska. The Polish otolaryngology 02/1993; 47(3):253-63.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The study was aimed at multidirectional studies on bacteria isolated from smears from vagina and cervix uteri in 226 patients with inflammatory states of their reproductive organs. Most frequently isolated aerobic bacteria were Gram-negative--27%, mainly E. coli, and Enterococcus faecalis--in 18% of cases. Anaerobic bacteria were isolated in 81% of cases: Gardnerella vaginalis was isolated in 28% and Lactobacillus in 53% of cases. Other anaerobic bacteria were: Peptococcus asaccharolyticus (15.5%), Streptococcus sp. (15.9%), and Bacteroides melaninogenicus (14.1%). Gardnerella vaginalis was most frequently found in chronic cases of vaginosis (41.7%). All strains of G. vaginalis were susceptible to cefotaxime, while 15-40% of them were resistant to gentamycin, tetracycline and metronidazole.
Medycyna doświadczalna i mikrobiologia 02/1993; 45(2):199-203.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Biological properties of Staphylococcus saprophyticus strains isolated from urinary tract infection and respiratory tract secretions were investigated. The majority of S. saprophyticus strains exhibit moderate surface hydrophobic properties, as measured by Hydrophobic Interaction Chromatography. There was no significant difference between two groups of isolates in respect to electrostatic charge. It was found that the ability to form a diffuse type of growth is characteristic for most of S. saprophyticus strains despite of source of isolation. Five carbohydrates on the surface of 25% of S. saprophyticus strains were shown by means of specific lectin agglutination. Some of the tested strains were capable to bind labelled fibrinogen.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this study a participation of anaerobic bacteria in respiratory tract diseases is presented. Bronchial washings collected by ++fibrobronchoscope constituted material for the study. Immediately after collection the material was plated onto two media for aerobic bacteria (hemomedium) and anaerobic bacteria (anaeromedium). Then, the samples were centrifuged and a sediment was plated on solid media suitable for aerobic and anaerobic bacteria. Bacterial anaerobic isolates were identified by using API 20E and their sensitivity to antibiotics was tested. From the material described above the most frequently isolated anaerobic bacteria were such as: Streptococcus intermedius, Bacteroides melaninogenicus, Veilonella sp. Among aerobic bacteria the most frequently isolated were Gram-negative rods, Streptococcus faecalis, Branhamella catarrhalis. It is worth to underline that in about 25% of cases anaerobic bacteria were the only isolates.
Medycyna doświadczalna i mikrobiologia 02/1990; 42(3-4):108-15.