Hairong Qiu

Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Sheng, China

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Publications (9)10.84 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate cyto- and molecular genetic characteristics of adult patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and its prognostic significance. Two hundred and seventeen adult patients with ALL were analyzed for cyto- and molecular genetic characteristics with combined conventional cytogenetics, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) and nested PCR. Significance of genetic findings for prognosis was evaluated. t(9;22)(q34;q11)/BCR-ABL has been the most frequent abnormality found in the cohort (56.3%). And 22.4% of cases with BCR-ABL detected by FISH was negative by cytogenetic analysis. Ratio of patients in high-risk group increased with age; Patients with B-ALL had a higher risk group than the average-risk group (98.40% vs. 65.70%, P=0.000). The overall survival (OS) rates at 3-month (67.30% vs. 85.10%, P=0.042), 6-month (55.1% vs. 80.4%, P=0.008), 12-month (34.0% vs. 59.1%, P=0.017) and 24-month (13.0% vs. 36.6%, P=0.010) were lower in high-risk group than in average-risk group, with medium OS time (11 months, 95% CI 8.0-13.9) being significantly shorter compared with the average-risk group (19 months, 95%CI 10.8-27.1). Adult patients with ALL have unique cyto- and molecular genetic characteristics, which has important value for prognosis and guiding treatment. Moreover, combined cytogenetic and molecular genetic techniques can precisely define sub-groups of ALL patients.
    Zhonghua yi xue yi chuan xue za zhi = Zhonghua yixue yichuanxue zazhi = Chinese journal of medical genetics 04/2013; 30(2):129-33.
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    ABSTRACT: Genetic background and environmental factors play an interactive role in the development of acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL), and the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) system was noted as an important genetic factor in ALL. Due to the high diversity of HLA alleles, our present study assessed the possibility of an association of HLA molecules in ALL patients living in Jiangsu Province, Eastern China. HLAA, -B, and -DRB1 allele distributions in 156 ALL patients (aged 3-54 years) were analyzed and compared with unrelated healthy hematopoietic stem cell donors from the same ethnic and geographic background. No significance was found at HLA-A, -B loci between the ALL group and the control group. However, a significant difference was discovered at HLA-DRB1*14 (8.65% in the ALL group versus 4.8% in the control group, pC < 0.05), with an odds ratio of 1.87 (95% confidence interval 1.26- 2.80). HLA-DRB1*14 may be associated with susceptibility to ALL acquisition among the Jiangsu Han population.
    Onkologie 05/2012; 35(5):268-71. DOI:10.1159/000338480 · 0.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to perform the frequency distribution of MDR1 gene SNPs and haplotypes of Jiangsu Han population in China. A total of 225 Jiangsu Han unrelated volunteers were enrolled and genotyped by PCR-ASP method at three loci: C1236T (rs1128503), G2677T/A (rs2032582) and C3435T (rs1045642). In total, C and T were found at locus 1236, with the frequency of 35% and 65%, respectively. The most frequent allele at locus 2677 was G with the frequency of 44%, followed by T (41%) and A (15%). At locus 3435, C was more common (60%) than T (40%). The most common haplotype at loci 1236-2677-3435 was T-T-T (31.84%), at loci 1236-2677 was T-T (37.68%), at loci 2677-3435 was G-C (39.06%), and at loci 1236-3435 was T-T (34.28%). The haplotype linkage disequilibrium study found that all three loci were in linkage disequilibrium, such as T-T at loci 1236-2677, T-T at loci 2677-3435 and C-C at loci 1236-3435 (P<0.01). The dendrogram study indicated that the distribution of MDR1 SNPs in Jiangsu Han population were close to Japan and Malay populations and far away from European countries. These findings could shade new lights in population genetics and anthropology studies of Han-Chinese. It also provides basic data for research on MDR1 gene polymorphism, disease association and drug resistance study.
    Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & pharmacotherapie 04/2012; 66(6):459-63. DOI:10.1016/j.biopha.2012.03.007 · 2.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Dominant-negative (DN) Ikaros isoforms, having important roles in pathogenesis of leukemia, are mainly studied in pediatric patients, but little is known about Chinese adult patients. We examined 339 Chinese adult patients with leukemia and demonstrated the different findings between our results and those in several previous studies showing that DN isoforms overexpressed in Philadelphia chromosome positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph(+)ALL) and lymphoid/mixed blast crisis of chronic myelogenous leukemia. We confirmed that deletion of IKZF1 gene exons 4-7 is responsible for the generation of Ikaros 6 (Ik6). Moreover, we observed that expression of DN isoforms was dynamically consistent with BCR-ABL1 transcript levels, associated with higher incidence of relapse within 3 months or poor response to induction chemotherapy in Ph(+)ALL, correlated with high white blood cell, blast cells, CD34 positive cells, and delayed achieving complete hematological remission in ALL patients. In conclusion, this study provides a rationale for the integration of aberrant Ikaros isoforms, notably Ik6 and Ik10, in the evaluation of adult ALL, particularly in Ph(+)ALL patients.
    Annals of Hematology 02/2012; 91(7):1039-49. DOI:10.1007/s00277-012-1415-4 · 2.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Conventional cytogenetic analysis is often hampered owing to the low mitotic index of multiple myeloma (MM) cells in bone marrow samples of MM. Interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (I-FISH) analysis combined with magnetic-activated cell sorting (MACS) has substantially enhanced the sensitivity of cytogenetic analysis. Here, we used I-FISH to explore the incidence of chromosomal abnormalities in 60 Chinese patients with newly diagnosed MM. Five different specific probes for the regions containing 13q14.3 (D13S319), 14q32 (IGHC/IGHV), 1q21, 1p12, and 17p13 were used to detect chromosomal aberrations, and LSI IGH/CCND1, LSI IGH/FGFR3, and LSI IGH/MAF probes were further applied to detect t(11;14)(q13;q32), t(4;14)(p16;q32), and t(14;16)(q32;q23) in patients with 14q32 rearrangement. Fifty of the patients (83.3%) had at least one type of abnormalities regarding the regions analyzed. Nine patients (15%) had one abnormality; 10 patients (16.7%) had two abnormalities; 31 patients (51.7%) had three or more abnormalities. The most frequent abnormality in the patients was illegitimate IgH rearrangement (70%), followed by 13q14 deletion (63.3%), 1q21 amplification (61.7%), 1p12 deletion (33.3%), and 17p13 deletion (13.3%). These aberrations are not randomly distributed, but strongly interconnected. Patients with 17p13 deletion or t(4;14)(p16;q32) had significant higher β2-microglobulin level (P < 0.05). However, all these abnormalities had no correlation with age, gender, disease stage, and Ig isotype; yet, it was showed that the frequencies of the individual chromosomal abnormalities were very high. Taken together, MACS in combination with I-FISH may be a promising tool to detect the molecular cytogenetic abnormalities of MM.
    Medical Oncology 05/2011; 29(3):2200-6. DOI:10.1007/s12032-011-9988-7 · 2.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Multiple myeloma (MM) is characterized by complex genetic and chromosomal abnormalities involving both numerical and structural aberrations, which have clinical prognostic value. The plasma cell labeling index (PCLI) is one of the most important prognostic factors in newly diagnosed MM, and indicates plasma cell proliferative capacity. In this study, we determined the PCLI and the deletion of 13q14, retinoblastoma-1 gene (RB-1), 1p13, and 17p13, 1q21 amplification, and IgH rearrangements in 42 newly diagnosed patients with MM. A high PCLI was observed in 18 patients (42.9%), and the del(13q14) was present in 25 patients (59.5%), del(RB-1) in 23 patients (54.8%), del(17p13) in eight patients (19.1%), amp(1q21) in 23 patients (54.7%), del(1p13) in 17 patients (40.5%), and IgH rearrangements in 28 patients (66.7%). We further detected the IgH translocation partners: t(11;14)(q13;q32), t(4;14)(p16;q32), and t(14;16)(q32;q23) in 19, 15, and five patients, respectively. The PCLI had a significant correlation with del(13q14) (p = 0.006), but no correlation with other chromosome abnormalities or clinical and laboratory features (p > 0.05). The PCLI was higher among patients with del(13q14), and patients with a high PCLI had a short time to disease progression. In conclusion, PCLI is a powerful and independent prognostic parameter in newly diagnosed MM, and correlates with del(13q14).
    Leukemia & lymphoma 02/2011; 52(2):260-4. DOI:10.3109/10428194.2010.538775 · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cytogenetic abnormalities are the most important independent prognostic factors of acute leukemia and imply the potential molecular mechanism of the disease. Translocation (11;14)(p13;q11) has been predominantly found in T-cell acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) but is rare in B-cell ALL. We present the case of a 30-year-old male patient, who presented with symptomatic anemia, thrombocytopenia and leukocytosis. Bone marrow aspirate smear showed hypercellularity with 90.4% of blast cells, which were negative for peroxidase reaction and partially positive for periodic acid-Schiff reaction. Immunophenotyping analysis was positive for CD34, HLA-DR, CD13, CD33, CD19, CD22, cCD79c, and negative for CD2, CD3, CD7, CD8, CD10, CD20, cCD3. Conventional cytogenetic study by R-banding showed complex chromosome aberrations involving t(11;14)(p13;q11) with the following karyotype: 46,XY,t (11;14)(p13;q11)[2]/46,idem,add2(q?)[2]/46,XY,add16(p?) [3]/46,XY[13]. Fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis indicated the translocation of chromosomes 11 and 14, and was negative for BCR/ABL fusion. The patient went into complete remission after the first induction chemotherapy (ALL-IC-BFM 2002 regimen), but he relapsed and died after 4 months. Translocation (11;14) (p13;q11) in B-cell ALL is rare, but it is worth exploring the molecular mechanisms and discovering the prognostic value in more B-cell ALL patients.
    Onkologie 01/2010; 33(7):385-7. DOI:10.1159/000315753 · 0.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the characteristics of the abnormalities of chromosome 17 in myeloid malignancies with complex chromosomal abnormalities (CCAs). Abnormalities of chromosome 17 were analyzed in 73 patients with myeloid malignancies with CCAs showed by R banding and conventional karyotyping, including 21 acute myeloid leukemia (AML), 36 chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and 16 myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). All CCAs were further analyzed by multiplex fluorescence in situ hybridization (M-FISH). Among the 73 myeloid malignancies with CCAs, chromosome 17 was the most frequently involved chromosome. It was found in 46.5% (34/73) of all cases, including 12 AML, 13 CML in blast crisis (BC) and 9 MDS. However, it was not found in the 9 CML cases in chronic phase (CP). The majority of changes were structural rearrangements which were identified in 43.8%(32/73)of all cases, among them the frequency was 52.4% (11/21), 33.3% (12/36) and 56.3% (9/16) in AML, CML and MDS, respectively. Numerical abnormalities were detected in 15.1% (11/73) cases, all were monosomy 17, and the frequency was 25.0% (3/12), 38.5% (5/13) and 33.3% (3/9) in AML, CML and MDS, respectively. Both numerical and structural abnormalities of chromosome 17 were found in 9 cases. Unbalanced translocations involving chromosome 17 were much more frequent than balanced ones. In the 3 groups, 16, 15 and 8 unbalanced translocations were found respectively. Only two kind of balanced translocations including t(15;17) in AML and t(15;17;22) in CML were found. All chromosomes were involved except chromosomes 5, 6 and 22 as partner chromosomes, the most common one was chromosome 15 (8.2%), followed by chromosome 2 (5.4%). Five of the 6 cases with translocation of chromosomes 15 and 17 were acute promyelocytic leukemia, the other case was CML-BC. Abnormalities of chromosome 17 were the most frequently involved chromosomal aberrations in myeloid malignancies, and structural rearrangements were more common. All the numerical abnormalities were monosomy 17, unbalanced translocations were much more frequent than balanced ones.
    Zhonghua yi xue yi chuan xue za zhi = Zhonghua yixue yichuanxue zazhi = Chinese journal of medical genetics 11/2008; 25(5):579-82.
  • Xiaoyan Xie, Wei Xu, Hairong Qiu
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the incidence of chromosomal abnormalities in Burkitt leukemia (BL). Conventional cytogenetics (CC) was carried out to detect the karyotypes. Meanwhile, three color interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was used to detect the t(8;14)(q24;q32) in 17 newly diagnosed BL. The results showed that the incidence of chromosomal abnormalities was 41.2% (7/17) by CC technique, including one of each for simple t(8;14)(q24;q32), complex chromosomal abnormality containing t(8;14)(q24;q32), t(8;22)(q24;q11), the complex chromosomal abnormality of t(12;22)(?;?), t(2;13)(?;?) with + 12, and one with two marker chromosomes. FISH method detected eight cases of t(8;14)(q24;q32), including the two detected by CC technique. Five samples (5/8) showed 2A1G1O2F (two blue, one green, one orange and two yellow signals in interphase nuclei), while three samples (3/8) showed 2A1G1O1F(two blue, one green, one orange and one yellow signals in interphase nuclei). Two different breakpoints have been identified on the c-Myc locus on 8q24. Interphase FISH was more sensitive in detecting t(8;14)(q24;q32), and it is an important complement to CC. It should be used as a routine method for diagnosis of BL.
    Zhonghua yi xue yi chuan xue za zhi = Zhonghua yixue yichuanxue zazhi = Chinese journal of medical genetics 05/2008; 25(2):214-7.