Renan P Martin

Universidade Federal de São Paulo, San Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

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Publications (5)16.55 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Bradykinin (BK) and des-Arg(9)-bradykinin (DBK) of kallikrein-kinin system exert its effects mediated by the B(2) (B(2)R) and B(1) (B(1)R) receptors, respectively. It was already shown that the deletion of kinin B(1)R or of B(2)R induces upregulation of the remaining receptor subtype [10,12,16,28,36]. However studies on overexpression of B(1)R or B(2)R in transgenic animals have supported the importance of the overexpressed receptor but the expression of the another receptor subtype has not been determined [17,19,33]. Previous study described a marked vasodilatation and increased susceptibility to endotoxic shock which was associated with increased mortality in response to DBK in thoracic aorta from transgenic rat overexpressing the kinin B(1)R (TGR(Tie(2)B(1))) exclusively in the endothelium. In another study, mice overexpressing B(1)R in multiple tissues were shown to present high susceptibility to inflammation and to lipopolysaccharide-induced endotoxic shock. Therefore the role of B(2)R was investigated in the thoracic aorta isolated from TGR(Tie(2)B(1)) rats overexpressing the B(1)R exclusively in the vascular endothelium. Our findings provided evidence for highly increased expression level of the B(2)R in the transgenic rats. It was reported that under endotoxic shock, these rats exhibited exaggerated hypotension, bradycardia and mortality. It can be suggested that the high mortality during the pathogenesis of endotoxic shock provoked in the transgenic TGR(Tie(2)B(1)) rats could be due to the enhanced expression of B(2)R associated with the overexpression of the B(1)R.
    Peptides 01/2013; · 2.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Angiotensin (Ang) I-converting enzyme (ACE) is involved in the control of blood pressure by catalyzing the conversion of Ang I into the vasoconstrictor Ang II and degrading the vasodilator peptide bradykinin. Human ACE also functions as a signal transduction molecule, and the binding of ACE substrates or its inhibitors initiates a series of events. In this study, we examined whether Ang II could bind to ACE generating calcium signaling. Chinese hamster ovary cells transfected with an ACE expression vector reveal that Ang II is able to bind with high affinity to ACE in the absence of the Ang II type 1 and type 2 receptors and to activate intracellular signaling pathways, such as inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate and calcium. These effects could be blocked by the ACE inhibitor, lisinopril. Calcium mobilization was specific for Ang II, because other ACE substrates or products, namely Ang 1-7, bradykinin, bradykinin 1-5, and N-acetyl-seryl-aspartyl-lysyl-proline, did not trigger this signaling pathway. Moreover, in Tm5, a mouse melanoma cell line endogenously expressing ACE but not Ang II type 1 or type 2 receptors, Ang II increased intracellular calcium and reactive oxygen species. In conclusion, we describe for the first time that Ang II can interact with ACE and evoke calcium and other signaling molecules in cells expressing only ACE. These findings uncover a new mechanism of Ang II action and have implications for the understanding of the renin-Ang system.
    Hypertension 03/2011; 57(5):965-72. · 6.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Previous studies on angiotensin II (AngII) AT(1) receptor function have revealed that the N-terminal residues of AngII may modulate receptor activation by binding at the receptor extracellular site. A remarkable feature of this site is an insertion of 8 amino acids in the middle of the EC-3 loop including the Cys(274) residue that supposedly makes a disulfide bond with N-terminal Cys(18). As demonstrated by assays with Del(267-275)AT(1), the role of the Cys(18)-Cys(274) disulfide bridge is to keep a conformation of the inserted residues that allows a normal binding of the AngII N-terminal residues. C18S AT(1) receptor mutant, supposedly having a dissociated disulfide bridge, but an intact residue insertion, is constitutively activated and can less efficiently bind AngII. Similar results were observed when the S-S disulfide bond was disrupted in (C18S,C274S) AT(1) receptor. The importance of the free N-terminal amino group of Asp(1) and of the Arg(2) guanidino group for the binding of AngII to C18S mutant with EC-3 loop insertion was investigated by means of assays using AngII peptide analogues bearing a single mutation of Asp(1) for Sar(1) or Arg(2) for Lys(2), as ligands. This study showed that like AngII, [Sar(1)]-AngII can bind the C18S mutant receptor with low affinity whereas [Lys(2)]-AngII binding is still more reduced. Interestingly, when (125)I-AngII instead of (3)H-AngII was used, no significant binding of this mutant was observed although wild type AT(1) receptor was shown to bind all AngII analogues.
    Regulatory Peptides 08/2009; 158(1-3):14-8. · 2.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bradykinin (BK) is a vasorelaxant, algesic and inflammatory agent. Angiotensin II (AngII) is known to control vascular tone and promote growth, inflammation and artherogenesis. There is evidence for cross talking between BK and AngII receptors. Therefore, the effect of lack of kinin receptors was assessed in mice with genetic disruption of B(1) or B(2) and both receptors. Responsiveness of abdominal aortic rings to BK and AngII as well as the receptor gene expression of both peptides were analysed. Although no specific phenotype was displayed in the normotensive and healthy mice lacking the kinin receptors, a decreased expression level of the remaining kinin receptor mRNA was observed. AT(1) receptor mRNA level was also reduced, indicating that kinin receptors regulate AngII receptors. Downregulation of the receptors was well correlated with reduction in the reactivity of both agonists to induce contraction of aortic rings, but other signal regulations must be sought in these transgenic mice. We conclude that cross talk between kinin and AngII receptors occurs in mouse abdominal aorta and that both peptides may regulate the initiation and progression of important pathophysiological processes, such as hypertension and inflammation.
    Biological Chemistry 06/2009; 390(9):907-13. · 2.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study characterized pharmacologically the functional responses to agonists angiotensin II (AngII) and bradykinin (BK) derivatives containing the TOAC (2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-N-oxyl-4-amino-4-carboxylic acid) spin label at the N-terminal (TOAC1-AngII and TOAC0-BK) and internal (TOAC3-AngII and TOAC3-BK) positions of these vasoactive peptides. Affinity constants of the ligands for AT1 and B2 receptors were evaluated in vitro by binding assays and biological effects by extracellular acidification rates and in vivo by blood pressure responses. In contrast to internally labeled analogues (TOAC3-AngII or TOAC3-BK), the TOAC1-AngII and TOAC0-BK derivatives dose-dependently increased the extracellular acidification rate in adherent cultured Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells expressing AT1 or B2 receptors, respectively. In addition, TOAC(1)-AngII induced an increase in blood pressure when injected intravenously in awaken rats although with a potency four times smaller when compared to native AngII. Similarly to BK, TOAC0-BK dose-dependently decreased blood pressure when injected intra-arterially in rats with a lower potency when compared to the native peptide. On the contrary, TOAC3-AngII or TOAC3-BK did not provoke any alteration in blood pressure levels. In summary, our results confirmed that the insertion of TOAC-probe in the N-terminal region of peptides does not significantly modify the affinity or biological activity in vitro and in vivo conditions and could be an important tool to evaluate peptide-receptor interaction mechanism. Conversely, possibly due to the unique bend-inducing property of the cyclic TOAC probe, its insertion at position 3 in both AngII and BK structures seems to restrict the interaction and the activation of the AT1 and B2 receptors.
    International Immunopharmacology 03/2008; 8(2):293-9. · 2.42 Impact Factor