[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The incidence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) after non-myeloablative (NMA) allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) is unknown. In addition, very few studies on the predisposing factors for DVT post SCT have been published. The incidence of DVT among patients that underwent NMA allo-SCT at our hospital was 4.1% (3 of 73) over the course of last 8 years, and to the best of our knowledge this is the first study to report the incidence of DVT following NMA allo-SCT. The present findings show that NMA allo-SCT patients may have multiple risk factors for DVT. Herein we present 3 cases of DVT following NMA allo-SCT and a literature review. Conflict of interest:None declared.
Turkish Journal of Haematology 06/2013; 30(2):188-90. · 0.49 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Additional chromosomal abnormalities (ACAs) in Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-positive chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) are strongly associated with disease progression, but their prognostic impact and effect on treatment response are not clear. While the onset of ACAs in Ph-negative cells during treatment has been described, their origin and clinical significance remain to be clarified. Between January 2008 and January 2011, 105 patients with Ph-positive CML were analyzed. With a median follow-up of 25.5 months, 18 CML patients (17 %) with ACAs in either CP (n = 12) or advanced phases (n = 6) were identified. The median age of the patients was 53.5 years at diagnosis. ACAs were determined in Ph-positive metaphases of 12 patients and in Ph-negative metaphases of 5 patients. One patient showed trisomy 8 both in Ph-positive and in Ph-negative metaphases. The median follow-up after the detection of ACAs was 11.9 months. None of the patients carrying ACAs in their Ph-negative metaphases developed AP or BP; however, 7 out of 12 patients (58 %) having ACAs in their Ph-positive metaphases developed AP/BC at diagnosis or follow-up (p = 0.03). All the patients carrying ACAs in only Ph-negative metaphases achieved optimal response under tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy, whereas only 4 out of 12 patients (25 %) had optimal TKI response in patients with ACAs in Ph-positive metaphases (p = 0.009). The presence of ACAs in Ph-positive cells during TKI therapy may reflect genetic instability and therefore negatively affect OS. Conventional cytogenic analyses remain mandatory during follow-up of patients with CML under TKI therapy.
Medical Oncology 03/2013; 30(1):443. · 2.14 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) has become the most effective agent supporting hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). The cognate interaction between G-CSF and its specific receptor, G-CSFR, induces the mobilization of HSCs and increases their pool in the peripheral blood. G-CSFR has a highly conserved structure which may be functionally modulated by the presence of missense single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). In this study, we asked whether the missense SNPs in G-CSFR could affect the response to G-CSF in HSCT patients and donors. Here, for the first time, G-CSFR missense SNPs were screened and minor allele frequencies were determined in a specific population with Turkish racial background. Five (rs3917991, rs3918001, rs3918018, rs3918019, and rs146617729) out of 16 missense SNPs screened were determined with minor allele frequencies lower than 0.04. Subsequent association analyses indicated potential impact of rs3918001, rs3918018, and rs3918019 minor alleles on peripheral blood CD34(+) cell enrichment. Although their frequency is rather low, certain missense SNPs, especially which are placed in the conserved regions of G-CSFR may possess the capacity to influence the response to G-CSF treatment.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the expression levels of lymphatic vessel endothelial hyaluronan receptor-1 (LYVE-1), vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-3 (VEGFR-3) and CD44 genes and the relationship between their levels and clinicopathological parameters in gastric cancer.
Tissue samples were obtained from 33 patients (8 females) with gastric cancer. mRNA levels of LYVE-1, VEGFR-3 and CD44 in normal and tumor tissues were quantitatively measured using real time polymerase chain reaction. The results were correlated with lymph node metastasis, histological type and differentiation of the tumor, T-stage, and presence of vascular, perineural and lymphatic invasions. The distribution of molecules in the tissue was evaluated using immunohistochemistry.
LYVE-1, CD44 and VEGFR-3 gene expression levels were significantly higher in gastric cancer than in normal tissue. While there was no correlation between gene expressions and clinicopathologic features such as histologic type, differentiation and stage, gene expression levels were found to be increased in conjunction with positive lymph node/total lymph node ratio and the presence of perineural invasion. A significant correlation was also found between LYVE-1 and CD44 over-expressions and perineural invasion and lymph node positivity in gastric cancers. When the distribution of LYVE-1 antibody-stained lymphatic vessels in tissue was evaluated, lymphatic vessels were located intra-tumorally in 13% and peri-tumorally in 27% of the patients. Moreover, lymph node metastases were also positive in all patients with LYVE-1-staining.
LYVE-1, VEGFR-3 and CD44 all play an important role in lymphangiogenesis, invasion and metastasis. LYVE-1 is a perfectly reliable lymphatic vessel marker and useful for immunohistochemistry.
World Journal of Gastroenterology 07/2011; 17(27):3220-8. · 2.55 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In cancer, the phenotype and/or the function of T cells may differ according to their distribution through immune-associated tissues, namely immune compartments. Here, in N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU)-induced mammary carcinomas of rat as a relevant model for human breast tumors, the impact of tumor burden on the T cell subsets populating the tumor microenvironment, the tumor-adjacent and -opposite mammary lymph nodes, and the spleen was assessed. In the tumors, ratio of CD8(+) cytotoxic and CD4(+) helper T cells were not significantly different than other immune compartments. On the other hand, most of these cells were further identified with CD4(+) CD25(hi) or CD4(+) Foxp3(+) , CD8(+) Foxp3(+) regulatory phenotype. The selective presence of Tregs in the mammary tumors but not in neighboring-mammary tissue was also confirmed by the expression of Treg-associated genes. The percentage of CD161(+) NKT cells was also significantly increased especially in the tumors and mammary lymph nodes. In the lymph nodes of tumor-bearing animals, in contrast to the spleen, total amount of CD8(+) cells and CD4(+) cells were increased but both of these compartments harbored high numbers of CD4(+) CD25(hi) Treg cells. TGF-β was determined as the major suppressive cytokine secreted by the immune cells of tumor-bearing animals, in addition, proliferation capacity of the T cells was diminished. Hence, the differential distribution of T cell subsets through the spleen, the mammary lymph nodes and the tumor mass in MNU-induced mammary tumor-bearing animals may contribute to a tumor-associated immunosuppression.
Scandinavian Journal of Immunology 10/2010; 72(4):339-48. · 2.20 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Gene transfer into haematopoietic cells is a challenging approach. The extracellular matrix component fibronectin has been known to modulate the cell cycle dynamics, viability and differentiation of leukaemia cells. Thus, our aim was to investigate the influence of fibronectin substratum on the liposomal transfection of myeloid leukaemia cell lines. Liposomal transfection was performed with K562 and HL-60 as representative lines of transfection-competent and -incompetent myeloid leukaemia cells, respectively. Flow cytometry analyses were performed to determine transfection efficiency monitored by green fluorescent protein (GFP) expression and to assess cell viability and cell cycle status. Quantitation of GFP gene expression and DNA uptake was assayed by real time PCR. The current data showed that the adhesion to fibronectin deteriorated the transfection of K562 cells. In contrary, it enhanced the delivery of plasmid DNA into HL-60 cells. Correspondingly, the adhesion to fibronectin influenced the transfection efficiency mainly by modulating the intracellular presence of plasmid DNA. The cell cycle and viability which is regulated by fibronectin had a minor impact on the success of gene delivery. This phenomenon may be considered as an important factor which may modulate the potential gene transfer approaches for myeloid leukaemia.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We present a rare experience with a myeloma patient who had a late relapse as isolated extramedullary plasmacytoma of the thyroid gland after a second allogeneic transplantation. We give PET/CT scan findings at diagnosis and during follow up of the disease after subsequent management. The possible pathogenesis of the late extramedullary relapse of myeloma after allogeneic stem-cell transplantation and management options are discussed.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Many studies have reported that neuroblastoma patients with aneuploid DNA content and a low cellular proliferative activity have better outcome; other studies have reported contradictory results. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded archival pretreatment specimens of 56 neuroblastomas were studied. Thick sections from paraffin blocks were deparaffinized, and rehydrated. Following enzymatic digestion and filtration, cellular suspensions were analyzed by flow cytometry. Six tumors were aneuploid (13.3%) and 39 samples were diploid (86.7%). S-phase fraction (SPF) ranged from 1 to 78% with a median of 31%. DNA ploidy and proliferative activity results showed no correlation with the prognostic variables. There was no significant difference between the 5-year overall and event-free survival rates of the aneuploid and the diploid neuroblastomas or between the neuroblastomas with a high and low proliferative activity. The results revealed the prognostic significance of neither DNA ploidy nor the cellular proliferative activity in neuroblastoma in contrast to other studies.
Pediatric Hematology and Oncology 07/2009; 17(1):45-54. · 0.90 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The presence of CD40 on carcinoma cells is an important factor for the generation of tumor-specific responses induced by CD40 ligation. In an N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU)-induced autochthonous mammary tumor model, we analyzed the immune features of primary tumor cells. Here, CD40 was frequently detected on the primary tumor cultures and selectively expressed on the malignant mammary tissue in vivo. On the other hand, every mammary tumor cell culture had a heterogeneous and reduced expression of proinflammatory TNFalpha, IL-1beta, IL-6 and CXCL1 cytokines compared to normal mammary epithelial cells. Low-efficiency transfection of CD40 ligand (CD40L) gene enhanced the expression of proinflammatory cytokines in the tumor cells and strengthened allogeneic immune reactions and costimulatory activity which may help overwhelming suppressive features of the tumor.
Cancer biology & therapy 02/2009; 8(2):136-42. · 3.29 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The extracellular matrix plays a critical role in macrophage maturation. In this study, the HL60 cell line was used as a model of leukemic myeloid cell differentiation. We assessed the ability of HL60 cells cultured on fibronectin substratum prior to phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) induction to differentiate into terminally differentiated macrophages. Beside their distinctive macrophage morphology, they expressed antigen receptors CD14, TLR2, TLR4 and CD68, and displayed enhanced phagocytic activity and production of reactive oxygen species. Expression of CD13, CD33, CD15 and alpha-naphthyl-acetate esterase was also maintained, however, differentiated HL60 cells were HLA-DR and CD1a negative. Here, we describe the enhanced capacity of fibronectin-adherent HL60 cells to differentiate into macrophages in response to PMA.
International journal of hematology 02/2009; 89(2):167-72. · 1.17 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Autologous stem-cell transplantation (ASCT) has emerged as the standard approach in patients with multiple myeloma, although it is unlikely to achieve cure. Thalidomide maintenance and non-myeloablative allogeneic transplantation (NST) may increase complete remission (CR) rate and increase overall survival. In this study, 35 ASCT and 10 NST were performed in 33 patients. Patients, who were resistant or relapsed following ASCT, underwent NST if they had an HLA-matched sibling, otherwise treated with a second ASCT. Thalidomide was started as maintenance after ASCT. After first transplantation, three patients underwent second ASCT and 10 patients underwent NST. Following first transplantation, CR rate was 39% and increased to 60% (overall response 93%) with addition of thalidomide, bortezomib, and second transplantation. CR was durable in 14 (42%) patients. During a median follow-up of 24 months, 18 patients progressed and nine patients died. The 100-d transplant-related mortality was <5%. The four-yr progression-free survival (PFS) was 52.4%. In conclusion, ASCT followed by thalidomide and NST in resistant patients can lead to high CR and PFS rates. As a second transplantation has not been performed routinely, patients having durable CR had a chance to avoid or delay a second transplantation without compromising disease control.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Nausea and vomiting during the infusion of cryopreserved peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) are common. The aim of this study was to explore the effect of lollipop with strawberry aroma on the infusion-related nausea and vomiting of cryopreserved autologous PBSCs. We compared 2 groups of adult patients receiving lollipop with strawberry aroma during cryopreserved PBSC infusions or not to assess the incidences of nausea and vomiting occurring during infusions. All patients received granisetron 3 mg i.v. twice a day, and lorazepam 1 mg every 4 hours orally for prophylaxis of the nausea and vomiting during conditioning phase and infusion day. Before infusion, all patients were premedicated with pheniramine maleate 45.5 mg i.v. and paracetamol 500 mg orally. The patients had no evidence of nausea or vomiting prior to cryopreserved PBSC infusions. The patients with ongoing nausea or vomiting owing to conditioning regimens and/or receiving additional antiemetics were excluded from the study. One hundred fifty-eight patients who consecutively underwent autologous stem cell transplantation for malignancy were included in the study. The first 110 patients (median age: 42.5, range: 17-75) were observed for the infusion related adverse effects only. The consecutive 48 patients (median age: 48, range: 18-80) were given a lollipop with strawberry aroma during cryopreserved PBSC infusions and observed for the infusion-related adverse effects. The 2 groups were comparable with respect to age, sex, diagnosis, stem cell collection methods, conditioning regimens administered, total mononuclear cell dose infused, number of total nucleated cells (TNCs) infused, number of CD34+ cells infused, number of bags infused, total volume infused, amount of dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO), and infusion rate. Patients who received a lollipop with a strawberry aroma during infusions had significantly less nausea (6.3%, n = 3 versus 21.8%, n = 24, P = .02) and vomiting (2%, n = 1 versus 13.6%, n = 15, P = .04) than the ones who did not (observation only group). Other infusion-related adverse events were as follows; hypoxia, cough, dyspnea, abdominal cramping, tachycardia, hiccup, fever, chills, chest pain, hypotension, hypertension, agitation, sore throat, and arrhythmia. Incidences of each of these adverse events were <5% in both groups and were comparable. The use of a lollipop with a strawberry aroma during infusion of cryopreserved autologous PBSCs may be promising in reduction of infusion-related nausea and vomiting, with an easy administration at a very cheap cost.
Biology of blood and marrow transplantation: journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation 01/2009; 14(12):1425-8. · 3.15 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Although high-dose chemotherapy followed by autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) has become the standard approach for patients with relapsed/refractory Hodgkin's disease (HD) or non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), more than 50% of patients will experience relapse following ASCT. High-dose sequential chemotherapy (HDSC) can intensify the conventional salvage treatment and improve the outcome of ASCT by maximal debulking of the tumor load with the use of non-cross resistant drugs, each at their maximal tolerated doses. We conducted a phase II study in 40 patients with relapsed/refractory HD (n = 18) and NHL (n = 22) using HDSC followed by ASCT. Only patients sensitive to salvage chemotherapy were eligible for the protocol, consisting of three phases. Phase I consisted of cyclophosphamide (4.5 g/m2) followed by G-CSF and peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) collection. Phase II consisted of etoposide (2 g/m2). The transplant phase consisted of mitoxantrone (60 mg/m2) and melphalan (180 mg/m2) followed by PBSC infusion. Eleven out of nineteen patients with B-cell lymphoma received rituximab. Prior to HDSC, 45% of the patients were in complete remission (CR) and 55% were in partial remission (PR). After completion of all phases of the protocol, 35 out of 39 evaluable patients achieved CR (90%) and this was durable in 30 (75%) patients with a projected progression-free survival (PFS) rate at 4 years of 71.7%. Treatment-related mortality rate at day +100 was 2.5% (n = 1). At a median follow-up of 32 months (range, 3 - 61), nine patients relapsed/progressed and eleven patients died. The estimated 4-year PFS and overall survival (OS) were 72.2% and 47.6% in HD patients and 70.3% and 69.4% in NHL patients, respectively. Factors predicting OS were response to conventional salvage therapy and stage prior to salvage therapy. When compared to patients achieving PR, patients who attained CR prior to HDSC had a significantly higher probability of 4-year OS (78.4% vs 31.3%, p = 0.02). Three prognostic subgroups were defined according to the score determined by stage prior to initiation of salvage chemotherapy, remission duration prior to salvage (refractory/early relapse vs. late relapse) and response to salvage. Prognostic score was found to predict OS, PFS and event free survival (EFS). In conclusion, HDSC followed by ASCT is an effective salvage therapy with acceptable toxicity, allowing further consolidation of response attained by conventional salvage therapy.
Leukemia and Lymphoma 09/2006; 47(8):1545-52. · 2.30 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Despite use of combined immunosuppressive agents, prognosis of patients developing pulmonary manifestations of chronic graft-vs-host disease (cGVHD) following allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT) still remains poor. We present a male patient who developed pulmonary cGVHD in the form of bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP) following allogeneic SCT for acute myelogenous leukemia. The patient developed progressive course despite use of a combination of immunosuppressive agents including high-dose prednisone, cyclosporin-A, and mycophenolate mofetil in addition to steroid-related complications. A remarkable clinical response to extracorporeal photopheresis (ECP) was observed, allowing minimization of immunosuppressive therapy and discontinuation of cyclosporin-A. Pulmonary functions and carbon monoxide diffusion capacity (DLCO) gradually improved and stabilized, but did not return to pretransplant baseline levels.
Medical Oncology 02/2006; 23(1):125-9. · 2.15 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Gemtuzumab ozogamicin (GO; CMA-676; Mylotarg) is a chemotherapeutic agent approved for the treatment of CD33-positive acute myelogenous leukemia in patients of age 60 years or older after first relapse. Hepatic veno-occlusive disease has been reported to develop as a late complication of gemtuzumab ozogamicin treatment. A patient who developed Budd-Chiari Syndrome with hepatic vein thrombosis following treatment with GO is presented. This complication has not been previously reported, and it deserves to be considered as a possible adverse effect of gemtuzumab ozogamicin.
American Journal of Hematology 12/2005; 80(3):213-5. · 4.00 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To achieve long-term disease-free survival, high-dose therapy and autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) is the current standard approach in patients with relapsed or refractory Hodgkin disease (HD) or non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). Because chemosensitivity is a significant factor in determining transplantation eligibility, it is critical to select a salvage chemotherapy regimen that has the potential to induce a high response rate with low nonhematologic toxicity. In this phase II study, 49 patients with relapsed or refractory HD (n = 22) and NHL (n = 27) with a median age of 42 years were treated with an IIVP salvage regimen consisting of ifosfamide, idarubicin, and etoposide. Twenty-seven percent of the patients had primary refractory disease, whereas 22% and 51% had early and late relapses, respectively. As analyzed by intention to treat, 16 patients (33%) achieved complete remission and 21 patients (43%) achieved a partial response, leading to an overall response rate of 76% (63% in NHL and 91% in HD). In the univariate analysis, diagnosis (HD versus NHL), remission duration before the initiation of IIVP, disease bulk, increased lactate dehydrogenase, and the presence of "B" symptoms were significant factors affecting the response achieved by the IIVP regimen. Of 37 responders, 31 (84%) underwent high-dose therapy and transplantation. The probability of 4-year overall survival (OS) and event-free survival (EFS) in this group of patients who underwent ASCT was 67.7% and 49.1%, respectively. When compared with the patients who achieved a partial response, patients who achieved complete remission with the IIVP regimen had a significantly higher probability of 4-year EFS (67.3% versus 30%; P = .016) and 4-year OS (92.3% versus 39.2%; P = .003). In patients with HD, 4-year EFS and 4-year OS were 54.9% and 70.6%, respectively, without a significant difference with respect to the survival rates obtained in patients with NHL (43.6% and 63.6%, respectively). Common side effects observed during 102 cycles of therapy were grade 3 to 4 neutropenia (62%) and thrombocytopenia (58%). The IIVP regimen is a highly effective salvage regimen for patients with relapsed or refractory HD or NHL who are candidates for ASCT. Furthermore, the degree of response to IIVP predicts the posttransplantation outcome. However, close follow-up is necessary because of a high incidence of grade 3 to 4 hematologic toxicity.
Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation 10/2005; 11(9):688-97. · 3.94 Impact Factor