M S Alai

Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Suryanagar, Kashmir, India

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Publications (9)1.1 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Microalbuminuria can be present in 25-100% of patients with essential hypertension and is associated with increased incidence of cardiovascular events. Our goal was to evaluate the effect of a commonly used calcium channel blocker, amlodipine, and an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor, lisinopril on urinary albumin excretion in patients with mild to moderate essential hypertension. We screened 324 patients with essential hypertension for microalbuminuria and documented it in 120 patients. These 120 patients with microalbuminuria were randomly divided into two groups of 60 each, matched for age, sex, arterial pressure, creatinine clearance, and urinary albumin excretion so as to receive amlodipine or lisinopril. We prospectively measured their urinary albumin excretion and creatinine clearance prior to treatment and, four and eight weeks after treatment with amlodipine or lisinopril. Mean arterial pressure (mean +/- SD) at baseline, after four weeks, and after eight weeks was 113.01 +/- 4.38,104.93 +/- 3.12, and 98.89 +/- 1.75 mmHg (P < 0.0000); and 114.13 +/- 7.11, 106.52 +/- 3.50, and 100.89 +/- 2.80 mmHg (P < 0.0000) in amlodipine and lisinopril groups, respectively. Urinary albumin excretion (mean +/- SEM) at baseline, after four, and after eight weeks was 79.30 +/- 3.74, 62.03 +/- 3.61, and 52.02 +/- 3.05 (P < 0.0000); and 73.96 +/- 4.10, 72.39 +/- 3.74, 66.12 +/- 3.94 (P = 0.1742) in lisinopril and amlodipine groups, respectively. Lisinopril but not amlodipine, reduced the urinary albumin excretion significantly despite their similar antihypertensive efficacy. The clinical and prognostic significance of these observations need to be established.
    Indian Journal of Nephrology 01/2010; 20(1):15-20. DOI:10.4103/0971-4065.62090
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    ABSTRACT: Hyponatremia, the most common electrolyte disorder in hospitalized patients is usually asymptomatic.Clinical cardiac toxicity associated with hyponatremia has not been previously described, Although it isusually difficult to single out hyponatremia as the cause of conduction defects thus,we describe a case thatdeveloped reversible cardiac conduction defect temporally associated with hyponatremia.
  • Saudi medical journal 01/2008; 28(12):1915-7. · 0.59 Impact Factor
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    S.A. Tabish · A.M. Bhat · M.S. Alai · S. Jalal
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    ABSTRACT: A prospective observational study of two hundred patients of acute myocardial infarction admitted in Accident &Emergency Department and the Coronary Care Unit of a premier hospital, Sher-e-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar, India was carried out to determine the time of onset of chest pain and whether onset of myocardial infarction “ Occurs randomly or observes circadian variation in the frequency of its onset” 50% of the patients developed infarction between 4 am to 10 am with anterior ST elevation myocardial infarction in 50% Second peak of 22% was observed from 4 pm to 10 pm as compared to trough 100/0 between 10 pm to 4 am. 18% of myocardial infection occurred between 10 am to 4 pm. This study revealed variation in circadian rhythm in the onset of acute myocardial infarction and its complications. The phannacological modulation of the physiological triggers can be tried to delay or prevent the occurrence of infarction.
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    ABSTRACT: Twenty-five symptomatic patients of chronic heart failure were subjected to spirometry to detect abnormalities of pulmonary function and to assess the effect of ipratropium bromide in reversing or minimising these abnormalities. All the patients exhibited abnormal pulmonary function manifesting as obstructive (15/25) or restrictive (10/25) ventilatory defect. There was overall improvement in lung functions with ipratropium bromide especially in those with obstructive ventilatory defects and mostly comprised of smokers. Forced expiratory volume in one second increased by 47.7 percent (p < 0.02), forced expiratory volume in one second/forced vital capacity ratio by 14.1 percent (p < 0.001) and maximal voluntary ventilation by 40.6 percent (p < 0.05) in these patients. It is concluded that ipratropium bromide can prove as a promising adjunctive therapeutic intervention in improving quality of life in patients of chronic congestive heart failure who are incapacitated by dyspnoea and have clearly documented ventilatory defects.
    Indian Heart Journal 01/2000; 52(3):297-300. · 0.17 Impact Factor
  • The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India 09/1999; 47(8):846.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the association of silent myocardial ischemia (SMI) with cardiac autonomic neuropathy in asymptomatic diabetic patients. Two hundred asymptomatic patients of diabetes mellitus were assessed for evidence of cardiac autonomic neuropathy. Of these, 30 (15 males, 15 females; mean age 44.7 +/- 8.8 years) were found to have cardiac autonomic neuropathy. Thirty (30) age and sex matched diabetic patients (mean age 42.4 +/- 7.6 years) who had no evidence autonomic neuropathy were included in the study as control group. Both the groups of patients were evaluated for SMI by 24 hour ambulatory electrocardiographic (ECG) monitoring. Incidence of SMI was significantly higher in patients with autonomic neuropathy 12/30 (40%) compared to those without 3/30 (10%) p < 0.001. Duration of diabetes was more (13 +/- 1.59 years) in patients with autonomic neuropathy compared to the control group (8.66 +/- 1.55 years) p < 0.001. Serum cholesterol and triglyceride levels were significantly higher in patients with autonomic neuropathy in comparison to control group < 0.05 and < 0.01, respectively. There was no difference in the pattern of SMI in the two groups (p = N.S). Cardiac autonomic neuropathy predisposes patients with diabetes mellitus to SMI. Twenty four hour ambulatory ECG monitoring provides useful diagnostic information in early detection and evaluation of SMI in asymptomatic diabetic patients.
    The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India 08/1999; 47(8):767-9.
  • V Jan · S Jalal · K Aslam · K Iqbal · N Tramboo · M S Alai · H Rather · N Lone
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    ABSTRACT: Inflammatory response in the atherosclerotic lesions of coronary artery disease, mediated by cellular immune mechanisms is well appreciated. The significance of the immuno-inflammatory processes for the development of acute ischaemic sequelae of these lesions remains unsettled. Fifty patients of acute coronary syndromes were studied for complement components and immunoglobin levels by single radial immunodiffusion method. Twenty-eight patients of acute myocardial infarction showed significantly lower levels of complement components C3 and C4 at admission (C3--69.19 +/- 12.91 mg% compared to 82.40 +/- 9.26 mg% in controls, p < 0.01; C4--14.56 +/- 2.46 mg% compared to 18.53 +/- 2.69 mg% in controls, p < 0.01). Twenty-two patients of unstable angina did not show any significant change (C3--83.14 +/- 8.01 mg% and C4--19.07 +/- 4.47 mg%). Sixteen patients of acute myocardial infarction who were thrombolysed with streptokinase showed a steep rise in the levels of complement components immediately after thrombolysis (C3--69.19 +/- 12.91 mg% before and 100.56 +/- 17.09 mg% after thrombolysis, p < 0.001; C4--14.56 +/- 2.46 mg% before and 21.48 +/- 4.78 mg% after thrombolysis, p < 0.001). Plasma C3 and C4 levels in acute myocardial infarction showed no relationship with peak CPK levels. Plasma immunoglobulins remained unchanged in patients of acute coronary syndromes.
    Indian Heart Journal 01/1999; 51(5):515-20. · 0.17 Impact Factor
  • S Jalal · K A Khan · M S Alai · V Jan · K Iqbal · N A Tramboo · H A Rather · N A Lone · M A Dar
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    ABSTRACT: Four hundred and sixty-six patients (277 males, 189 females; mean age 23.2 years) diagnosed as cases of infective endocarditis during the past 15 years were retrospectively analysed. Two-thirds of patients belonged to the 15 to 35 years age group. The most common predisposing cardiac lesion was rheumatic heart disease seen in 73.4 percent patients. Mitral valve prolapse and right-sided endocarditis were infrequent, seen in four patients each. Blood culture positivity was 28.7 percent in adults and 61 percent in children. Commonest organism isolated was staphylococcus aureus in adults (39.3%) and streptococcus viridans in children (48%). Salmonella typhi was detected in 17 patients and showed excellent response to ciprofloxacin and gentamycin. Overall mortality was 13.9 percent and resistant heart failure was the leading cause of death. Our study presents the clinical spectrum of infective endocarditis and highlights the comparison with western studies.
    Indian Heart Journal 09/1998; 50(5):516-9. · 0.17 Impact Factor