Takafumi Saito

Yamagata University, Ямагата, Yamagata, Japan

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Publications (70)237.21 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We have previously reported that epiregulin is a growth factor that seems to act on liver progenitor cells (LPCs) during liver regeneration. However, the relationship between epiregulin and LPCs has remained unclear. The aim of the present study was to clarify the role of epiregulin during liver regeneration. [Methods] The serum levels of epiregulin in patients with acute liver failure were examined. A liver injury model was developed using mice fed a diet containing 0.1% 3.5-diethoxycarbonyl-1.4-dihydrocollidine (DDC) to induce LPCs. We then evaluated the expression of epiregulin and LPCs in these mice. The proliferation of EpCAM(+) LPCs cultured with epiregulin was examined in vitro, and finally epiregulin was overexpressed in mouse liver. [Results] In patients with acute liver failure, serum epiregulin levels were elevated significantly. In DDC mice, LPCs emerged around the portal area. Epiregulin was also detected around the portal area during the course of DDC-induced liver injury, and was partially co-expressed with Thy1. Serum epiregulin levels in DDC mice were also significantly elevated. Recombinant epiregulin augmented the proliferative capacity of the LPCs in a dose-dependent manner. In mice showing overexpression of epiregulin, the expression of PCNA on hepatocytes was increased significantly. Finally, LPCs emerged around the portal area after epiregulin gene delivery. [Summary] Epiregulin promotes the proliferation of LPCs and DNA synthesis by hepatocytes, and is upregulated in the serum of patients with liver injury. Furthermore, induction of epiregulin leads to the appearance of LPCs. Epiregulin would be a useful biomarker of liver regeneration.
    AJP Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology 05/2014; · 3.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic active Epstein−Barr virus infection (CAEBV) can be manifested in a variety of systemic conditions, including interstitial pneumonia, malignant lymphoma, and coronary aneurysm. Sometimes it may be associated with hepatic failure, although the mechanism underlying CAEBV-related hepatotoxicity remains unclear. We encountered a case of autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) associated with CAEBV. A 61-year-old male was referred to our hospital because of abnormal liver enzyme levels after initial diagnosis of CAEBV had been made by laboratory tests and liver biopsy. On admission, positivity for anti-nuclear antibody was evident, and examination of the liver biopsy specimen showed findings compatible with AIH. Steroid administration was initiated, and the liver function parameters subsequently improved. Although phenotypic changes in liver biopsy specimens are rare in this condition, the present case could provide clues to the possible pathogenesis of AIH.
    Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology 01/2014; 7(1).
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    ABSTRACT: Bone marrow cells are capable of differentiation into liver cells. Therefore, transplantation of bone marrow cells has considerable potential as a future therapy for regeneration of damaged liver tissue. Autologous bone marrow infusion therapy has been applied to patients with liver cirrhosis, and improvement of liver function parameters has been demonstrated. In this review, we summarize clinical trials of regenerative therapy using bone marrow cells for advanced liver diseases including cirrhosis, as well as topics pertaining to basic in vitro or in vivo approaches in order to outline the essentials of this novel treatment modality.
    World journal of methodology. 12/2013; 3(4):65-9.
  • Takafumi Saito, Yoshiyuki Ueno
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    ABSTRACT: It has been suggested that hepatitis C virus (HCV) is selectively transmitted to a new host as an infectious clone from multiple HCV variants (quasispecies) in the donor. Most individuals with HCV infection develop chronic hepatitis, but approximately 15%-40% of them clear the virus spontaneously and the hepatitis is resolved in a self-limiting manner in the acute phase of infection. This difference in the outcome of acute hepatitis C is attributable to both viral characteristics and genetic regulation of infection. In particular, the evolutionary dynamics of the infecting virus and host genetic polymorphisms pertaining mainly to the immune system, including polymorphisms in the region of the Interleukin 28B gene encoding interferon-λ-3, are associated with susceptibility to HCV infection.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 11/2013; 19(41):6957-6961. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Serum samples from patients with chronic hepatitis C were subjected to metabolomics analysis to clarify the pretreatment characteristics of their metabolites and also changes in specific metabolites resulting from antiviral therapy with pegylated interferon plus ribavirin (PegIFN/RBV). The serum levels of low-molecular-weight metabolites in the twenty patients before and 24weeks after completion of PegIFN/RBV therapy were analyzed using capillary electrophoresis and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Ten patients showed a non-virological response (NVR) and 10 achieved a sustained virological response (SVR) with eradication of viremia. The pretreatment levels of tryptophan were significantly higher in the patients of SVR than in those of NVR (p=0.010). The area under the curve (AUC) value of tryptophan calculated from the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve for discriminating SVR from NVR was 0.84 (95% confidential interval, 0.66-1.02, p=0.010). The ROC curve of multiple logistic regression model incorporating the pretreatment levels of tryptophan and γ-glutamate-arginine showed that the AUC value was highly significant (AUC=0.92, 95% confidential interval, 0.79-1.05, p=0.002). Twenty four weeks after completion of treatment, the levels of γ-glutamyl dipeptides, glutamic acid, 5-oxoproline, glucosamine and methionine sulfoxide were decreased, whereas those of 5-methoxy-3-indoleacetate, glutamine, kynurenine and lysine were increased significantly (p<0.05) in both the NVR and SVR patients. The pretreatment serum levels of certain metabolites including tryptophan are associated with the response to PegIFN/RBV therapy. PegIFN/RBV therapy can ameliorate the oxidative stress responsible for glutathione metabolism.
    Metabolism: clinical and experimental 08/2013; · 3.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The number of Japanese patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) is increasing as society changes. Mild liver injury is a complication of AN in around 30% of cases. In some rare instances, patients present with severe liver injury similar to acute liver failure. However, there are numerous uncertainties over the clinical characteristics of this condition. The objective of the present study was to clarify the clinical characteristics of AN complicated by liver injury and to investigate the factors related to hepatic complications. Thirty-seven patients hospitalized at our institution with a diagnosis of AN were enrolled as the study subjects. The study used clinical data obtained at the time of hospitalization. The enrolled patients underwent subgroup analysis and were categorized into three groups: 1) normal ALT, 2) moderately elevated ALT, and 3) highly elevated ALT. All of the study subjects were female with a median age of 24 years and presenting with marked weight loss (mean BMI, 13 kg/m(2) ). Thirteen of the subjects had liver injury. We found that patients in the highly elevated ALT group had a significantly high BUN/creatinine ratio, and a low blood sugar level. Our present findings indicate that AN patients with highly elevated ALT have a severe dehydration. This suggests that dysfunction of hepatic circulation accompanying severe dehydration due to malnutrition may be an important factor in the development of liver injury in AN patients.
    Hepatology Research 07/2013; · 2.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatic steatosis is often seen in patients with chronic hepatitis C (CH-C). It is still unclear whether these patients have an impaired mitochondrial beta-oxidation. In this study we assessed mitochondrial beta-oxidation in CH-C patients by investigating ketogenesis during fasting. This study consisted of thirty patients with CH-C. Serum levels of insulin and hepatitis C virus (HCV) core protein were measured by chemiluminescence enzyme immunoassay. The subjects were then fasted, and venous blood samples were drawn 12 h and 15 h after the start of fasting. The levels of blood ketone bodies were measured by an enzymatic cycling method. The rate of change in total ketone body concentration was compared with that in eight healthy volunteers. The rate of change in total ketone body concentration between 12 h and 15 h after the start of fasting was significantly lower in CH-C patients than in healthy volunteers (129.9% (8.5-577.3%) vs. 321.6% (139.6-405.4%); P <0.01). The rate of change in total ketone body concentration in patients with a serum level of HCV core protein of 10000 fmol/L or higher was significantly lower than in patients with a level of less than 10000 fmol/L (54.8% (8.5-304.3%) vs. 153.6% (17.1-577.3%); P <0.05). The rate of change in total ketone body concentration in patients with a homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) of 2.5 or higher was significantly lower than in patients with a HOMA-IR of less than 2.5 (56.7% (8.5-186.7%) vs. 156.4% (33.3-577.3%); P <0.01). These results suggest that mitochondrial beta-oxidation is impaired, possibly due to HCV infection in patients with CH-C.
    BMC Gastroenterology 07/2013; 13(1):112. · 2.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Prolactin is not only a pituitary hormone but an immunoregulatory hormone secreted from lymphocytes. Prolactin induction in relation to hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection has not been elucidated. The serum levels of prolactin were examined in 232 HCV-infected subjects positive for anti-HCV antibody and 65 healthy controls negative for it, who were recruited in the cohort study. The prolactin mRNAs were measured in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of eleven healthy volunteers including five men and six women before and after stimulation by HCV in vitro. The serum level of prolactin and prolactin mRNA in PBMCs were measured by chemiluminescence immunoassay and real-time PCR, respectively. The serum levels of prolactin were significantly higher in the HCV-infected subjects (median: 7.5, IQR: 5.7-10.9 ng/ml) than in the controls (median: 5.6, IQR: 4.4-8.3 ng/ml) (P < 0.01). They were significantly higher in HCV-infected males (median: 8.0, IQR: 5.9-11.8 ng/ml) than in the controls (median: 4.8, IQR: 4.2-5.9 ng/ml) (P < 0.001), however, the difference was not significant between HCV-infected females (median: 7.3, IQR: 5.6-10.5 ng/ml) and the controls (median: 6.4, IQR: 5.3-9.8 ng/ml). The mRNA expression of prolactin was induced in PBMCs of all males, but it was induced in PBMCs of the two of six females examined in vitro. These results suggest that the serum level of prolactin is higher in HCV-infected males than in healthy males, and that HCV infection induces the mRNA expression of prolactin in PBMCs that is more apparent in male than in females. J. Med. Virol. 85:1199-1205, 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Journal of Medical Virology 07/2013; 85(7):1199-205. · 2.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: AIM: Hepatic edema is manifested by ascites, lower limb edema and intolerable symptoms. Some patients insufficiently respond to the conventional diuretic therapy. Therefore, a novel therapeutic option is required. We conducted a phase 3 study to confirm therapeutic effect of tolvaptan on hepatic edema associated with liver cirrhosis. METHODS: In our multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, liver cirrhosis patients who showed insufficient response to conventional diuretics were randomly assigned to 7-day administration of either tolvaptan at 7.5 mg/day or placebo as an add-on therapy to conventional diuretics. The primary outcome was change in bodyweight from baseline. RESULTS: Of 164 eligible patients, 84 were assigned to tolvaptan and 80 to placebo. Change in bodyweight from baseline on the final dosing day was -0.44 kg (standard deviation [SD], 1.93) in the placebo group and -1.95 kg (SD, 1.77) in the tolvaptan group (P < 0.0001). Improvement rates for lower limb edema and ascites-related clinical symptoms were higher with tolvaptan than with placebo. Even in patients with low serum albumin (<2.5 g/dL), decrease in bodyweight was greater with tolvaptan than with placebo (P = 0.0163). In addition, tolvaptan significantly increased serum sodium concentration from baseline. CONCLUSION: Add-on therapy with tolvaptan was effective for the treatment of hepatic edema and ascites-related clinical symptoms. Furthermore, tolvaptan is expected to improve low serum sodium concentration and to exert its effect regardless of serum albumin level. Add-on therapy with tolvaptan is therefore considered to be a novel therapeutic option for hepatic edema.
    Hepatology Research 04/2013; · 2.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 21-year-old man with a history of sudden rectal hemorrhage was referred to our hospital. Examination disclosed thrombocytopenia and hepatosplenomegaly. A liver biopsy specimen demonstrated Gaucher cells in Glisson's capsule. Additional investigations revealed a low level of leukocyte β-glucosidase activity and common mutations of the glucocerebrosidase gene, L444P/D409H. We diagnosed the patient with Gaucher disease type 1. He underwent enzyme replacement therapy. Thrombocytopenia and hepatosplenomegaly improved at a rate of approximately 50 and 20%, respectively, within 6 months. This case suggests that we must pay attention to adult Gaucher disease as a differential diagnosis for cryptogenic thrombocytopenia.
    Case Reports in Gastroenterology 01/2013; 7(2):340-6.
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    ABSTRACT: Ribavirin is one of the major agents used in combination therapy with interferon for chronic hepatitis C, but is often associated with hemolytic anemia as a serious adverse event. Employing metabolome analysis, we demonstrated that the concentrations of intermediate metabolites produced by glycolysis and the pentose phosphate cycle in patients' erythrocytes were significantly decreased after administration of ribavirin. Our findings suggest that hemolysis associated with ribavirin is triggered by an energy crisis and consequent oxidative stress, thus having implications for the prevention of such hemolysis.
    International journal of medical sciences 01/2013; 10(11):1575-7. · 2.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The molecular basis of antibody neutralization against hepatitis C virus (HCV) is poorly understood. The E2 glycoprotein of HCV is critically involved in viral infectivity through specific binding to the principal virus receptor component CD81, and is targeted by anti-HCV neutralizing antibodies. A previous study showed that a mutation at position 534 (N534H) within the sixth N-glycosylation motif of E2 of the J6/JFH1 strain of HCV genotype 2a (HCV-2a) was responsible for more efficient access of E2 to CD81 so that the mutant virus could infect the target cells more efficiently. The purpose of this study was to analyze the sensitivity of the parental J6/JFH1, its cell culture-adapted variant P-47 possessing 10 amino acid mutations and recombinant viruses with the adaptive mutations to neutralization by anti-HCV antibodies in sera of HCV-infected patients. The J6/JFH1 virus was neutralized by antibodies in sera of patients infected with HCV-2a and -1b, with mean 50% neutralization titers being 1:670 and 1:200, respectively (P < 0.00001). On the other hand, the P-47 variant showed 50- to 200-times higher sensitivity to antibody neutralization than the parental J6/JFH1 without genotype specificity. The N534H mutation, and another one at position 416 (T416A) near the first N-glycosylation motif to a lesser extent, were shown to be responsible for the enhanced sensitivity to antibody neutralization. The present results suggest that the residues 534, and 416 to a lesser extent, of the E2 glycoprotein are critically involved in the HCV infectivity and antibody neutralization.
    Journal of Medical Virology 02/2012; 84(2):229-34. · 2.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The liver possesses the capacity to restore its function and mass after injury. Liver regeneration is controlled through complicated mechanisms, in which the phosphoinositide (PI) cycle is shown to be activated in hepatocytes. Using a rat partial hepatectomy (PH) model, the authors investigated the expression of the diacylglycerol kinase (DGK) family, a key enzyme in the PI cycle, which metabolizes a lipid second-messenger diacylglycerol (DG). RT-PCR analysis shows that DGKζ and DGKα are the major isozymes in the liver. Results showed that in the process of regeneration, the DGKζ protein, which is detected in the nucleus of a small population of hepatocytes in normal liver, is significantly increased in almost all hepatocytes. However, the mRNA levels remain largely unchanged. Double labeling with bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU), an S phase marker, reveals that DGKζ is expressed independently of DNA synthesis or cell proliferation. However, DGKα protein localizes to the cytoplasm in normal and regenerating livers, but immunoblot analysis reveals that the expected (80 kDa) and the lower (70 kDa) bands are detected in normal liver, whereas at day 10 after PH, the expected band is solely recognized, showing a different processing pattern of DGKα in liver regeneration. These results suggest that DGKζ and DGKα are involved, respectively, in the nucleus and the cytoplasm of hepatocytes in regenerating liver.
    Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry 12/2011; 60(2):130-8. · 2.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Plasma renin activity (PRA) is accepted as a marker for increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. However, the association between PRA and total mortality has not been fully explored in a general population. We here examined whether PRA is associated with increased total mortality in a general Japanese population. The participants of the Takahata study (3502 subjects; age, 62.5 ± 10.4 years), a population-based, longitudinal study of Japanese held from 2004 to 2006, were enrolled and followed up for up to 7 years. The incidence of death and causes of death were monitored annually to the end of 2010 (median follow-up, 2280 days). During the follow-up period, 143 subjects died. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed a significantly increased risk for total mortality in subjects with higher PRA (log-rank P < .001). Cox proportional hazard model analyses with adjustment for factors correlated with PRA (age, sex, weight, diastolic blood pressure, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, uric acid, B-type natriuretic peptide, serum total protein, antihypertensive treatment, and diabetes) showed that higher PRA was associated with increased total mortality in linear regression models (per 1 increase in log 10 × PRA [nanograms per milliliter per hour]: hazard ratio, 2.12; 95% confidence interval, 1.47-3.06), between groups of patients stratified by quartiles of PRA (highest vs lowest quartile: 2.63, 1.57-4.41) and in subjects with high (≥ 2.0 ng/[mL h]) vs low (<2.0 ng/[mL h]) PRA (1.97, 1.37-2.83). Higher PRA was a significant and independent risk factor for increased total mortality in this Japanese population and may be a marker for subjects at an increased risk of total mortality.
    Metabolism: clinical and experimental 10/2011; 61(4):504-11. · 3.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We describe a 62-year-old woman with advanced chronic hepatitis C who showed no response to low-dose long-term interferon-beta monotherapy (3 MU, three times a week). The interferon monotherapy was continued for 2 years and 9 months. Despite this lack of response to interferon, the patient's clinical course was good and liver function assessed by (99m)Tc-galactosyl human serum albumin single photon emission computed tomography ((99m)Tc-GSA SPECT) analysis improved significantly. Improvement of the data obtained by (99m)Tc-GSA SPECT analysis justified continuation of the treatment. (99m)Tc-GSA SPECT analysis was clinically useful to evaluate the effect of interferon in a patient with interferon non-responsive chronic hepatitis C, despite a lack of reduction of the ALT level and HCV-RNA titer.
    Annals of Nuclear Medicine 04/2011; 25(7):520-3. · 1.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The present study was conducted to evaluate the application and efficacy of autologous bone marrow infusion (ABMi) for improvement of liver function in patients with alcoholic liver cirrhosis (ALC). Five subjects and 5 control patients with ALC who had abstained from alcohol intake for 24 weeks before the study were enrolled. Autologous bone marrow cells were washed and injected intravenously, and the changes in serum liver function parameters, and the level of the type IV collagen 7S domain as a marker of fibrosis, were monitored for 24 weeks. The distribution of activated bone marrow was assessed by indium-111-chloride bone marrow scintigraphy. The number of cells infused was 8.0±7.3×10(9) (mean±standard error). The serum levels of albumin and total protein and the prothrombin time were significantly higher during the follow-up period after ABMi than during the observation period in treated patients, whereas no such changes were observed in the controls. In the patients who received ABMi, the Child-Pugh score decreased in all 3 who were classified as class B; the serum levels of type IV collagen 7S domain improved in 4 of the 5 patients; and bone marrow scintigraphy demonstrated an increase of indium-111-chloride uptake in 3 of the 4 patients tested. ABMi for patients with ALC helps improve liver function parameters in comparison with observation during abstinence and ameliorates the degree of fibrosis in terms of serum markers and bone marrow activation in most cases.
    Stem cells and development 03/2011; 20(9):1503-10. · 4.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Both host and viral factors have been implicated in influencing the response to pegylated-interferon/ribavirin (PEG-IFN/RBV) therapy for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Among the viral factors, sequence heterogeneity within NS5A and core regions has been proposed. This study aimed to clarify the relationship between virological responses to PEG-IFN/RBV therapy and sequence heterogeneity within NS5A, including the IFN/RBV resistance-determining region (IRRDR), the interferon sensitivity-determining region (ISDR) and the core region. Pretreatment sequences of NS5A and the core regions were analyzed in 57 HCV-1b-infected patients who were to be treated with PEG-IFN/RBV. Of 40 patients infected with HCV having an IRRDR with four or more mutations (IRRDR ≥ 4), 28 (70%) patients achieved a sustained virological response (SVR). On the other hand, only 4 (24%) of 17 patients infected with HCV having an IRRDR with three or fewer mutations (IRRDR ≤ 3) achieved a SVR (P = 0.001). Similarly, 22 (71%) of 31 patients infected with HCV and having an ISDR with one or more mutations (ISDR ≥ 1) achieved a SVR while 10 (38%) of 26 patients infected with HCV and having an ISDR without any mutations (ISDR = 0) achieved a SVR (P = 0.014). As for the core region, there was significant correlation between a single mutation at position 70 (Gln(70) ) and non-SVR (P = 0.02). Notably, Gln(70) was more prominently associated with the null response (P = 0.0007). In conclusion, sequence heterogeneity within the IRRDR and ISDR, and a single point mutation at position 70 of the core region of HCV-1b are likely to be correlated with virological responses to PEG-IFN/RBV therapy.
    Microbiology and Immunology 03/2011; 55(6):418-26. · 1.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We applied a metabolome profiling approach to serum samples obtained from patients with different liver diseases, to discover noninvasive and reliable biomarkers for rapid-screening diagnosis of liver diseases. Using capillary electrophoresis and liquid chromatography mass spectrometry, we analyzed low molecular weight metabolites in a total of 248 serum samples obtained from patients with nine types of liver disease and healthy controls. We found that γ-glutamyl dipeptides, which were biosynthesized through a reaction with γ-glutamylcysteine synthetase, were indicative of the production of reduced glutathione, and that measurement of their levels could distinguish among different liver diseases. Multiple logistic regression models facilitated the discrimination between specific and other liver diseases and yielded high areas under receiver-operating characteristic curves. The area under the curve values in training and independent validation data were 0.952 and 0.967 in healthy controls, 0.817 and 0.849 in drug-induced liver injury, 0.754 and 0.763 in asymptomatic hepatitis B virus infection, 0.820 and 0.762 in chronic hepatitis B, 0.972 and 0.895 in hepatitis C with persistently normal alanine transaminase, 0.917 and 0.707 in chronic hepatitis C, 0.803 and 0.993 in cirrhosis type C, and 0.762 and 0.803 in hepatocellular carcinoma, respectively. Several γ-glutamyl dipeptides also manifested potential for differentiating between nonalcoholic steatohepatitis and simple steatosis. γ-Glutamyl dipeptides are novel biomarkers for liver diseases, and varying levels of individual or groups of these peptides have the power to discriminate among different forms of hepatic disease.
    Journal of Hepatology 02/2011; 55(4):896-905. · 9.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The transplantation of bone marrow cells (BMCs) has been applied in liver regenerative cell therapy. However, details of the interaction between the transplanted BMCs and hepatic stem cells have not been elucidated. The aim of the present study was to investigate the interaction of BMCs with hepatic stem-like cells (HSLCs) and to determine the BMC factor that steers HSLC differentiation into the hepatocyte lineage. Both BMCs and HSLCs were obtained from an adult Sprague-Dawley rat, and a co-culture system was established. Cell proliferation was analyzed by a proliferation assay, and the differentiation of HSLCs into the hepatocyte lineage was evaluated by the detection of cellular mRNA for liver-specific proteins. DNA microarray analysis was applied to BMCs co-cultured with HSLCs to determine the genes upregulated by their interaction. The proliferation of HSLCs co-cultured with BMCs was significantly higher than that of HSLCs cultured alone, and the expression of mRNAs for both albumin and tryptophan-2,3-dioxygenase was detectable in the co-cultured HSLCs. DNA microarray analysis showed the upregulated expression of fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) mRNA in BMCs co-cultured with HSLCs, and the expression of mRNAs for both albumin and tyrosine aminotransferase became detectable in HSLCs cultured with FGF2. Thus, BMCs stimulate both the proliferation of HSLCs and their differentiation into the hepatocyte lineage. FGF2 is one of the factors that is produced by the interacting BMCs and that stimulates this differentiation.
    Cell and Tissue Research 02/2011; 343(2):371-8. · 3.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 52-year-old man suffering from monocular blindness, with light perception only, was admitted to our hospital. The symptom had begun as low vision and developed rapidly within 3weeks into monocular blindness in the right eye, with no other systemic manifestations. Imaging examinations revealed multiple hepatocellular carcinomas in the cirrhotic liver, and tumors at the skull base and vertebra. A pathological and immunochemical study of specimens obtained by endoscopic transnasal tumor biopsy and laminectomy revealed them to be metastatic hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs). Although the patient underwent radiation therapy and chemotherapy, he died 5months after admission to our hospital. The cranial HCC, involving only the optic canal, may have disturbed the optic nerve in preference to the other cranial nerves. This is the first report of a HCC patient with monocular blindness as the initial presentation of the disease. KeywordsBlindness–Hepatocellular carcinoma–Metastasis
    Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology 01/2011; 4(4):273-277.

Publication Stats

626 Citations
237.21 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2005–2014
    • Yamagata University
      • Department of Gastroenterology
      Ямагата, Yamagata, Japan
  • 2010
    • University Hospital Medical Information Network
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 2006
    • Tokyo Medical and Dental University
      • Department of Molecular Epidemiology
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan