Shun-Zi Jin

Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin Sheng, China

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Publications (8)26.46 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The present work reported on a weak association of the importin 5 (IPO5) gene with schizophrenia in combined family and case-control samples and also investigated a possible mechanism by which the IPO5 gene may contribute to the development of the disease in a Chinese population. Our results suggest that abnormal expression and alternative splicing of the IPO5 gene may be involved in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia.
    Psychiatry Research 05/2011; 187(3):460-1. · 2.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The present work measured circulating antibodies against native gliadins, deamidated gliadin-derived epitopes, and transglutaminase 2 (TGM2) in 473 patients with schizophrenia and 478 control subjects among a Chinese population. The results showed that 27.1% of patients with schizophrenia were positive for the IgA antibody against native gliadins compared with 17.8% of control subjects (χ(2) = 11.52, P = .0007, OR = 1.72, 95% CI 1.25-2.35), although this significant difference appeared to be due mainly to low IgA gliadin antibody levels in female controls. A total of 27.6% of female patients were positive for IgA gliadin antibodies compared with 13.9% of female controls (χ(2) = 10.46, P = .0012, OR = 2.36, 95% CI 1.39-4.01), and 26.4% of male patients were positive for IgA antibodies compared with 19.8% of male controls (χ(2) = 3.26, P = .071, OR = 1.46, 95% CI 0.97-2.19). Of 128 patients who were positive for the IgA antibody against native gliadins, 8 were positive for the IgA antibody against deamidated gliadin epitopes and 1 was positive for IgA anti-TGM2 antibody. However, quantitative analysis demonstrated that the mean levels of IgA antibodies against deamidated gliadin epitopes and TGM2 were significantly lower in patients with schizophrenia than the control subjects (P < .001 and P = .008, respectively). The prevalence of IgG antibodies against native gliadins was not significantly different between the patient group and the control group (χ(2) = 2.25, P = .134, OR = 1.32, 95% CI 0.92-1.88). This study suggests that specific gliadin-derived epitopes may be involved in schizophrenia.
    Schizophrenia Bulletin 09/2010; 38(3):514-8. · 8.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Design of cancer radiotherapy protocol to reduce radiation dose and increase treatment efficacy in Lewis lung cancer (LLC) model. C57BL/6J mice subcutaneously implanted with LLC were treated by conventional radiotherapy (2Gy x 6) combined with LDWBI (low dose whole-body irradiation; the second, third, fifth and sixth local doses of 2Gy each substituted by LDWBI with 0.075Gy) and/or gene therapy (intratumor injection of pEgr-IL-18-B7.1 plasmid 24 h before the first and fourth local doses). Immunologic mechanisms were explored. Cancer control was most significantly improved in the group receiving local radiotherapy combined with LDWBI and gene therapy as shown by prolongation of mean survival time by 60.4%, reduction in average tumor weight by 70.8%, decrease in pulmonary metastasis by 66.9% and decrease in intratumor angiogenesis by 64.8% as compared to local radiotherapy alone (p < 0.05). These changes in tumor growth and progression were accompanied with up-regulation of host immunity manifested by stimulated NK (natural killer) and CTL (cytotoxic T lymphocyte) activity, IFN (interferon)-gamma and TNF (tumor necrosis factor)-alpha secretion, PKC (protein kinase C)-theta activation and LAMP (lysosomal associated membrane protein)-1 expression. Combination of conventional radiotherapy with LDWBI and gene transfer could reduce total radiation dose by 2/3 and at the same time improve treatment efficacy of cancer accompanied with up-regulated host anticancer immunity.
    International Journal of Radiation Biology 04/2008; 84(3):201-10. · 1.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Antiangiogenic therapy could destroy tumor vasculature and inhibit tumor growth. It might inhibit tumor growth significantly when used as a single treatment modality and its therapeutic benefit may even be greater when used in combination with established treatment modalities such as radiation therapy (RT). In the present report, we investigated the effect of recombinant human plasminogen kringle 5 domain (rhK5) in combination with ionizing radiation on angiogenesis, tumor growth and survival in a murine Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC) tumor model. Combined treatment using rhK5 and radiotherapy displayed obvious suppressive effect on LLC tumor growth as compared with single treatment with either modality (p < 0.05), and resulted in a more additive effect on tumor growth delay in this model. In addition, combined treatment significantly enhanced the survival of mice and no toxic effect, such as weight loss, was observed. The significant antitumor effect of rhK5 plus radiation was associated with a direct suppression effect on early neoangiogenesis and tumor cell apoptosis. Furthermore, the expression of VEGF and HIF-1alpha in tumor tissue correlated well with decreased vessel density. The results suggest that rhK5 significantly enhances the antitumor activity of RT and could be a potent adjuvant therapeutic approach to improve the efficacy of radiotherapy for lung cancer.
    International Journal of Cancer 12/2007; 121(11):2539-46. · 6.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study aims at exploring the oxidative stress in keratinocytes induced by UVB irradiation and the protective effect of nutritional antioxidants. Cultured Colo-16 cells were exposed to UVB in vitro followed by measurement of reactive oxygen species (ROS), endogenous antioxidant enzyme activity, as well as cell death in the presence or absence of supplementation with vitamin C, vitamin E, or Ginsenoside Panoxatriol. Intracellular ROS content was found significantly reduced 1 h after exposure, but increased at later time points. After exposure to 150-600 J m(-2) UVB, reduction of ROS content was accompanied by increased activity of catalase and CuZn-superoxide dismutase at early time points. Vitamins C and E, and Ginsenoside Panoxatriol counteracted the increase of ROS in the Colo-16 cells induced by acute UVB irradiation. At the same time, Ginsenoside Panoxatriol protected the activity of CuZn-superoxide dismutase, while vitamin E showed only a moderate protective role. Vitamins C and E, and Ginsenoside Panoxatriol in combination protected the Colo-16 cells from UVB-induced apoptosis, but not necrosis. These findings suggest that vitamins C and E as well as Ginsenoside Panoxatriol are promising protective agents against UVB-induced damage in skin cells.
    Biophysik 04/2007; 46(1):61-8. · 1.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In previous studies we showed a marked increase in secretion of inflammatory cytokines TNFalpha and interleukin (IL)-1beta by mouse macrophages in response to different doses of ionizing radiation (IR). Here we show the stimulation of IL-12 and IL-18 secretion by mouse peritoneal macrophages after whole-body irradiation with exploration of the possible mechanisms and implications in cancer radiotherapy. Both low (0.075 Gy) and high (2 Gy) doses of IR were found to cause sustained stimulation of IL-12 and IL-18 secretion by mouse macrophages; this paralleled the activation of NF-kappaB as well as up-regulated expression of CD14 and TLR4-MD2 on the macrophage surface and MyD88 in the cytoplasm. The expression of CD14, TLR4-MD2 and MyD88 increased in a dose-dependent manner from radiation doses between 0.05 and 2 Gy. The secretion of IL-12 and IL-18 showed a dose-dependent increase from doses between 0.05 and 4 Gy. It is concluded that IR can stimulate the secretion of IL-12 and IL-18 presumably via activation of the Toll signaling pathway in macrophages. The potential harmful effect of repeated doses of radiation used in radiotherapy for certain cancers is discussed.
    Biophysik 04/2007; 46(1):21-9. · 1.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Plasmid containing mIL-18 and B7.1 genes downstream of Egr-1 promoter was constructed and used in gene-radiotherapy on malignant melanoma in C57BL/6J mice implanted with B16 cells followed by exploration of the immunologic mechanism of the therapeutic effect. The treatment with plasmid pEgr-IL-18-B7.1 plus local X-irradiation showed more effective suppression of tumor growth than the treatment with radiation alone, pEgr-IL-18-B7.1 alone, or single gene pEgr-IL-18 (or pEgr-B7.1) combined with local X-irradiation. Anticancer immunity was found to be significantly upregulated in tumor-bearing mice treated with pEgr-IL-18-B7.1 plus local X-irradiation. IL-18 showed no direct killing effect on malignant melanoma cells in vitro, and the mechanism of the combined therapy with pEgr-IL-18-B7.1 and local X-irradiation was apparently related with the stimulation of host anticancer immunity by increased secretion of IL-18 and upregulated immunogenicity of the tumor cells by increased expression of B7.1 on their surface in addition to the direct effect of local X-irradiation on the tumor cells.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 06/2005; 330(3):975-81. · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Since most reports on bystander effect have been only concerned with radiation-induced damage, the present paper aimed at disclosing whether low dose radiation could induce a stimulatory or beneficial bystander effect. A co-culture system containing irradiated antigen presenting cells (J774A.1) and unirradiated T lymphocytes (EL-4) was established to observe the effect of J774A.1 cells exposed to both low and high doses of X-rays on the unirradiated EL-4 cells. Incorporation of 3H-TdR was used to assess the proliferation of the EL-4 cells, expression of CD80/86 and CD48 on J774A.1 cells was measured with immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry, respectively. NO release from J774A.1 cells was estimated with nitrate reduction method. Low dose-irradiated J774A.1 cells could stimulate the proliferation of the unirradiated EL-4 cells while the high dose-irradiated J774A.1 cells exerted an inhibitory effect on the proliferation of the unirradiated EL-4 cells. Preliminary mechanistic studies illustrated that the differential changes in CD48 expression and NO production by the irradiated J774A.1 cells after high and low dose radiation might be important factors underlying the differential bystander effect elicited by different doses of radiation. Stimulatory bystander effect can be induced in immune cells by low dose radiation.
    Biomedical and Environmental Sciences 04/2004; 17(1):40-6. · 1.15 Impact Factor