Tung-Chieh Tsai

National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taipei, Taiwan

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Publications (4)9.25 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: This study used an immunohistochemical technique to examine the expression of receptor-binding cancer antigen expressed on SiSo cells (RCAS1) in 84 specimens of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), 106 specimens of oral epithelial dysplasia (OED, 32 mild, 44 moderate, and 30 severe OED cases), and 20 specimens of normal oral mucosa (NOM). We found that the mean RCAS1 labeling indices (LIs) increased significantly from NOM (12+/-5%) through mild OED (31+/-13%), moderate OED (44+/-17%), and severe OED (56+/-18%) to OSCC samples (68+/-20%, p<0.001). A significant correlation was found between the higher mean RCAS1 LI and OSCCs with larger tumor size (p=0.001), positive lymph node metastasis (p<0.001), or more advanced clinical stages (p<0.001). Positive lymph node metastasis (p=0.0073) and RCAS1 LI > or = 60% (p=0.048) were identified as independent unfavorable prognosis factors by multivariate analyses with Cox regression model. Kaplan-Meier curve showed that OSCC patients with a RCAS1 LI > ot = 60% had a significantly poorer cumulative survival than those with a RCAS1 LI<60% (log-rank test, p=0.0113). We conclude that the expression of RCAS1 is an early event in oral carcinogenesis. The RCAS1 LI in OSCC samples can predict the progression of OSCCs and the survival of OSCC patients.
    Oral Oncology 08/2008; 44(8):759-66. · 2.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Oral verruciform xanthoma (VX) is an uncommon oral mucosal lesion. This retrospective study evaluated the clinical and histopathologic features of 15 oral VXs occurring in Taiwanese patients. Fifteen consecutive cases of oral VX were collected from January 1988 to December 2005. Clinical data and microscopic features of these cases were reviewed and analyzed. The mean age of patients was 45 years (range, 18-79 years). There were eight male and seven female patients. Seven (46.6%) cases occurred on the gingiva, four (26.7%) on the tongue, and four (26.7%) on the buccal or vestibular mucosa. The greatest mean dimension of the lesions was 0.8 cm (range, 0.3-2.0 cm). Three patients had concomitant other oral mucosal lesions such as oral submucous fibrosis, squamous cell carcinoma, and erosive oral lichen planus. Microscopically, all specimens showed varying degrees of surface parakeratosis and the accumulation of numerous foam cells in the connective tissue papillae among uniformly elongated epithelial ridges. Individuals or aggregates of foam cells were also found underneath the epithelial ridges in nine (60%) cases. When the oral VX lesions were further classified into three types according to the microscopic surface architecture, seven (47%) lesions were of the verrucous type, three (20%) the papillary type, and five (33%) the flat type. All patients received surgical excision of the lesions and no recurrence was noted during follow-up of up to 18 years. Oral VXs occur more frequently in the fifth decade of life. The more commonly affected site is the gingiva. The treatment of choice for oral VXs is surgical excision. The prognosis is excellent and recurrence was not seen in this study.
    Journal of the Formosan Medical Association 03/2007; 106(2):141-7. · 1.00 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study used an immunohistochemical technique to examine the expression of human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) protein in 82 specimens of OSCC, 116 specimens of oral epithelial dysplasia (OED), and 21 specimens of normal oral mucosa (NOM). The cytoplasmic and nuclear hTERT staining intensity (SI; 0, no staining; 1, weak; 2, moderate; 3, strong), labeling indices (LIs, defined as the percentage of positive cells in total cells), and labeling scores (LSs, defined as LI x SI) in OSCC, OED, and NOM samples were calculated and compared among groups. The correlation between the cytoplasmic or nuclear hTERT LS in OSCCs and clinicopathological parameters or survival of OSCC patients was analyzed statistically. The mean cytoplasmic hTERT LSs increased significantly from NOM (87+/-17%) through OED (95+/-18%) to OSCC samples (114+/-33%, p=0.000). The mean nuclear hTERT LSs also increased from NOM (80+/-14%) to OED (91+/-20%) and then decreased to OSCC samples (86+/-35%) with no statistically significant difference among the 3 groups. A significant correlation was found between the higher mean cytoplasmic hTERT LSs and OSCCs occurring in male patients (p=0.023), with larger tumor sizes (T3 and T4, p=0.048), with more advanced clinical stages (stages 3 and 4, p=0.033), or from patients with areca quid chewing (p= 0.029), cigarette smoking (p=0.027), or alcohol drinking habit (p=0.025). In addition, OSCC patients with nuclear hTERT LSs greater than 100% were prone to have a higher recurrence rate (p=0.044) and a lower 5-year survival rate (p=0.011). Our results indicate that the increased expression of hTERT protein is an early event in oral carcinogenesis and hTERT may be a biomarker for OSCCs. Measuring the amount of cytoplasmic or nuclear expression of hTERT in OSCC samples may predict the oral cancer progression, recurrence, and prognosis in Taiwan.
    Oral Oncology 03/2007; 43(2):122-9. · 2.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The enormous job stress of police work may result in depression, which is highly correlated with work disability and poor quality of life. We investigated the quality of life, the probability of depression, and the related risk factors for police officers in Kaohsiung, Taiwan. We used the 12-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12) and the Disaster-Related Psychological Screening Test (DRPST) to assess the quality of life and prevalence of depression for 832 police officers in Kaohsiung. The estimated rate of probable major depression was 21.6% (180/832). Those with an educational level of university or above and nondepressed police officers had higher scores in every subscale for quality of life. Police officers older than 50 had higher scores in the mental aspects of quality of life. Family problems and job stress related to achievement, peer pressure about performance, and heavy workloads were predictive factors for depression. Police officers might have a higher estimated rate of depression than previously thought, and those with depression have a poorer quality of life.
    Quality of Life Research 07/2006; 15(5):925-32. · 2.86 Impact Factor