[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The highly conserved internal nucleoprotein (NP) is a promising antigen to develop a universal influenza A virus vaccine. In this study, mice were injected intramuscularly with Escherichia coli-derived NP protein alone or in combination with adjuvant alum (Al(OH)3), CpG or both. The results showed that the NP protein formulated with adjuvant was effective in inducing a protective immune response. Additionally, the adjuvant efficacy of Al(OH)3 was stronger than that of CpG. Optimal immune responses were observed in BALB/c mice immunized with a combination of NP protein plus Al(OH)3 and CpG. These mice also showed maximal resistance following challenge with influenza A virus PR8 strain. Most importantly, 10µg NP formulated with Al(OH)3 and CpG induced higher protection than did 90µg NP. These findings indicated that a combination of Al(OH)3 and CpG may be an efficient adjuvant in the NP formulation.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To compare different adjuvant formulation and explore the impact of Calcineurin B subunit(CnB) as adjuvant with a novel HBV protein particle (HBSS1) vaccine in mice, female C57BL/6 mice were immunized HBSS1 with Al(OH)3 only, or a normal dose (5 μg) CnB only, or (CnB+ Al(OH)3) mixture as the adjuvant. All immunized groups were primed twice at 4-week intervals; followed by boosting with recombinant adenoviral based HBV vaccine(rAdSS1) at 10-week intervals. We detected the antigen specific humoral response in mice, including total IgG antibody and IgG subtyping. Then, we characterized the specific cell-mediated immune (CMI) response by detection of γ-interferon secreting splenocytes after stimulaton with S or PreS1 peptide pools. No enhancement of immunity was found among the mice with 5 μg of CnB alone or combined with Al(OH), adjuvanted vaccine,which could not induce higher level of anti-PreS1 and anti-S antibodies and CMI than that of HBSS1 alone or Al(OH)3 adjuvanted vaccines. We concluded that CnB is not an effective adjuvant for a novel HBV subunit vaccine.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The induction of a robust neutralizing antibody (nAb) response is likely to be as essential as specific cell-mediated immunity (CMI) against multiple antigens for the development of effective preventive and therapeutic vaccines against hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in humans. To date, no data on the immunogenicity of the replication-defective vaccinia virus (derived from the Tiantan strain) (rNTV)-based HCV vaccine in primates have been reported. This study describes in detail the immunogenicity of various vaccine candidates in rhesus macaques, including rNTV-based and replication-defective recombinant adenoviral (rAd)-based HCV vaccines, as well as HCV pseudotyped virus-like particles (HCVpp). Our data showed that rAd-HCV vaccine boosting induced robust CMI, while priming or boosting with HCVpp enhanced the antigen-specific nAb response after rAd-HCV vaccination; however, CMI was not enhanced. Vaccination includes rNTV-HCV priming induced robust antigen-specific antibody, particularly nAbs, and CMI responses. Furthermore, more robust and longer-lasting CMI and higher cytokine levels (both Th1 and Th2 types, especially IFN-γ) resulted from boosting with rAd-HCV. We conclude that the rNTV-based HCV vaccine induces robust nAbs and CMI when combined with a heterogeneous primer-booster strategy, which shows promise for development of a human HCV vaccine.Molecular Therapy (2013); doi:10.1038/mt.2013.122.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To express HPV31 and 52 L2 fusion protein and detect its immunogenicity.
According to the amino acid sequences of HPV31 and 52 L2 11-200AA published in the GenBank database, weartificially synthesized the HPV31 and 52 L2 fusion gene which was optimized according to Escherichia coli codon usage and encodes 11-200 amino acid of HPV31 and HPV52 L2, then cloned it into pET-9a vector. The HPV31 and 52 L2 fusion protein was expressed in Prokaryotic expression system and the mice were immunized with the fusion protein after purification. The immunogenicity was characterized in vaccinated mice.
HPV31 and 52 L2 fusion protein was highly expressed in E. coli, the amount of fusion protein is nearly 20% of the total bacterial protein. The purified fusion protein with aluminum adjuvant could induce specific high titer of IgG antibodies detected by ELISA, and also induce the neutralizing antibodies against pseudovirus of HPV31 and HPV52 and cross-neutralizing antibodies against pseudovirus of HPV45, 58, 16, 18.
HPV31 and 52 L2 fusion protein could induce neutralizing and cross-neutralizing antibodies against HPV pseudovirus. It provides laboratory basis for development of HPV L2 protein vaccine.
Zhonghua shi yan he lin chuang bing du xue za zhi = Zhonghua shiyan he linchuang bingduxue zazhi = Chinese journal of experimental and clinical virology 04/2013; 27(2):105-8.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Virus-specific cellular immune responses play a critical role in virus clearance during acute or chronic HBV infection. Currently, the commercially available HBV vaccine is combined with alum adjuvant, which stimulates mainly Th2 immune responses. Therefore, development of new therapeutic HBV vaccine adjuvants and immune strategies that also promote Th1 and CTL responses is urgently needed. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: To improve the immunity induced by the novel HBSS1 HBV vaccine, we evaluated the ability of adjuvants, including alum, CpG and polyriboinosinic polyribocytidylic acid [poly(I:C)], to enhance the response when boosted with the recombinant adenoviral vector vaccine rAdSS1. The immune responses to different adjuvant combinations were assessed in C57BL/6 mice by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), ELISpot and cytokine release assays. Among the combinations tested, a HBV protein particle vaccine with CpG/alum and poly(I:C)/alum priming combinations accelerated specific seroconversion and produced high antibody (anti-PreS1, anti-S antibody) titres with a Th1 bias. After boosting with recombinant adenoviral vector vaccine rAdSS1, both groups produced a strong multi-antigen (S and PreS1)-specific cellular immune response. HBSS1 immunisation with poly(I:C)/alum priming also generated high-level CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cell responses in terms of Th1 cytokines (IFN-γand IL-2). CONCLUSIONS: The protein-vaccine HBSS1 with mixed poly(I:C)/alum adjuvant priming, followed by a rAdSS1 vaccine boost, maximises specific antibody and Th1-biased cellular immune responses. This regime might prove useful in the development of HBV therapeutic vaccines. Furthermore, this promising strategy might be applied to vaccines against other persistent infections, such as human immunodeficiency virus and tuberculosis.
PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(1):e54126. · 3.53 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Immunity to conserved viral antigens is an attractive approach to develop a universal vaccine against epidemic and pandemic influenza. A nucleoprotein (NP)-based vaccine has been explored and preliminary studies have shown promise. However, no study has explored the immunity and cross-protective efficacy of recombinant NP derived from Escherichia coli compared with recombinant vaccinia virus (Tiantan). METHODS: Recombinant NP protein (rNP) from influenza virus A/Jingke/30/95(H3N2) was obtained from E. coli and recombinant vaccinia virus (Tiantan) RVJ1175NP. Purified rNP without adjuvant and RVJ1175NP were used to immunize BALB/c mice intramuscularly. Humoral immune responses were detected by ELISA, while cell-mediated immune responses were measured by ex vivo IFN-gamma ELISPOT and in vivo cytotoxicity assays. The cross-protective efficacy was assessed by a challenge with a heterosubtype of influenza virus A/PR/8/34(H1N1). RESULTS: Our results demonstrate that a high dose (90 mug) of rNP induced NP-specific antibodies and T cell responses that were comparable with those of RVJ1175NP in mice. Importantly, the survival ratio (36, 73, and 78%) of the vaccinated mice after the influenza virus A/PR/8/34(H1N1) challenge was rNP vaccine dose-dependent (10, 30, and 90 mug, respectively), and no significant differences were observed between the rNP- and RVJ1175NP-immunized (91%) mice. CONCLUSIONS: Influenza A virus NP derived from E. coli or recombinant vaccinia (Tiantan) virus elicited cross-protection against influenza virus in mice, and the immune response and protective efficacy of rNP were comparable to RVJ1175NP. These data provide a basis for the use of prokaryotically expressed NP as a candidate universal influenza vaccine.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The 23-amino acid extracellular domain of matrix 2 protein (M2e) and the internal nucleoprotein (NP) of influenza are highly conserved among viruses and thus are promising candidate antigens for the development of a universal influenza vaccine. Various M2e- or NP-based DNA or viral vector vaccines have been shown to have high immunogenicity; however, high cost, complicated immunization procedures, and vector-specific antibody responses have restricted their applications. Immunization with an NP-M2e fusion protein expressed in Escherichia coli may represent an alternative strategy for the development of a universal influenza vaccine.
cDNA encoding M2e was fused to the 3' end of NP cDNA from influenza virus A/Beijing/30/95 (H3N2). The fusion protein (NM2e) was expressed in E. coli and isolated with 90% purity. Mice were immunized with recombinant NM2e protein along with aluminum hydroxide gel and/or CpG as adjuvant. NM2e plus aluminum hydroxide gel almost completely protected the mice against a lethal (20 LD(50)) challenge of heterologous influenza virus A/PR/8/34.
The NM2e fusion protein expressed in E. coli was highly immunogenic in mice. Immunization with NM2e formulated with aluminum hydroxide gel protected mice against a lethal dose of a heterologous influenza virus. Vaccination with recombinant NM2e fusion protein is a promising strategy for the development of a universal influenza vaccine.
PLoS ONE 12/2012; 7(12):e52488. · 3.53 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a chronic neurodegenerative disease that causes a progressive loss in learning and memory capabilities and eventually results in dementia. The non-renewable nature of neurons in the central nervous system leads to the basic pathological changes that are related to the various behavioral and psychological symptoms of AD. Oligodendrocyte- and myelin-related neurite outgrowth inhibitors (NOIs) tend to hinder the regeneration of neurons. We designed a recombinant DNA vaccine composed of multiple specific inhibitory domains of NOIs. Vaccination induced effective antibodies against the specific domains in the sera of mice treated with a DNA primed-vaccinia virus boost regimen. The vaccine attenuated neuronal degeneration in the mouse brain and protected the model mice from behavioral deficits. Vaccination also decreased the formation of soluble Aβ oligomer and amyloid plaques in the co-transgenic mice brain. What's more, astrocytosis in brains of APP/PS1co-transgenic mice was also relieved. The results suggested that immunotherapy with multiple specific domains of myelin- and oligodendrocyte-related NOIs may be a promising approach for Alzheimer's disease and other degenerative central nervous system diseases.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the high expression of HPV16L2N120E7E6 fusion protein by prokaryotic expression system, and evaluate its immunogenicity and antitumor efficacy in vaccinated mice.
The HPV16L2N120E7E6 fusion gene, its codons were optimized to increase the expression of the protein, was constructed by overlap extension PCR and inserted into prokaryotic expression vector pET9a. Then the fusion protein was expressed by inducing with IPTG in E. coli strain BL21 (DE3) harboring with plasmid pETL2N120E7E6, and further detected by SDS-PAGE and Western-blot. Finally, the humoral and cellular immune responses were measured by ELISA and ELISPOT, respectively, in vaccinated mice with the purified HPV16L2N120E7E6 fusion protein, and the antitumor efficacy was assessed in mice using the TC-1 tumor challenge model.
The codon-optimized HPV16L2N120E7E6 fusion gene was highly expressed in E. coli strain BL21 (DE3) harboring with plasmid pETL2N120E7E6, and the amount of fusion protein was nearly 48.6% of the total bacterial protein. The purified fusion protein could induce high titer of specific antibody against L2, E7 and E6 in vaccinated mice. When accompanied with the adjuvant CpG, the fusion protein was able to elicit strong and moderate cellular immune responses in vaccinated mice against peptide HPV16E7(49-57) and peptide pools of HPV16E6, respectively. Furthermore, the tumor therapeutic experiment showed that HPV16L2N120E7E6 + CpG could prevent the tumor formation in 80.0% (8/10) vaccinated mice.
The data of this study suggest that HPV16L2N120E7E6 fusion protein could be a promising candidate vaccine for treatment of chronic HPV16 infection and post-operative adjuvant therapy for cervical cancer.
Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology] 11/2012; 34(11):810-5.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A therapeutic vaccine for chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection that enhances virus-specific cellular immune responses is urgently needed. The "prime-boost" regimen is a widely used vaccine strategy against many persistence infections. However, few reports have addressed this strategy applying for HBV therapeutic vaccine development.
To develop an effective HBV therapeutic vaccine, we constructed a recombinant vaccinia virus (Tiantan) containing the S+PreS1 fusion antigen (RVJSS1) combined with the HBV particle-like subunit vaccine HBVSS1 to explore the most effective prime-boost regimen against HBV. The immune responses to different prime-boost regimens were assessed in C57BL/C mice by ELISA, ELISpot assay and Intracellular cytokine staining analysis. Among the combinations tested, an HBV protein particle vaccine priming and recombinant vaccinia virus boosting strategy accelerated specific seroconversion and produced high antibody (anti-PreS1, anti-S antibody) titres as well as the strongest multi-antigen (PreS1, and S)-specific cellular immune response. HBSS1 protein prime/RVJSS1 boost immunization was also generated more significant level of both CD4+ and CD8+ T cell responses for Th1 cytokines (TNF-α and IFN-γ).
The HBSS1 protein-vaccine prime plus RVJSS1 vector boost elicits specific antibody as well as CD4 and CD8 cells secreting Th1-like cytokines, and these immune responses may be important parameters for the future HBV therapeutic vaccines.
PLoS ONE 09/2012; 7(9):e43730. · 3.53 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Among the neutralizing antibody evaluation assays, the single-cycle pseudovirus infection assay is high-throughput and can provide rapid, sensitive and reproducible measurements after a single cycle of infection. Cell counts, pseudovirus inoculation levels, amount of diethylaminoethyl-dextran (DEAE-dextran), and the nonspecific effects of serum and plasma were tested to identify the optimal conditions for a neutralizing antibody assay based on pseudoviruses. Optimal conditions for cell counts, pseudovirus inoculation, and amount of DEAE-dextran were 1×10(4)cells/well, 200TCID(50)/well, and 15μg/ml, respectively. Compared with serum samples, high-concentration anticoagulants reduced the relative light unit (RLU) value. The RLU value increased sharply initially but then decreased slowly with dilution of the plasma sample. Test kits containing 10 HIV-1 CRF07/08_BC pseudovirus strains and 10 plasma samples from individuals infected with HIV-1 CRF07/08_BC were assembled into two packages and distributed to nine laboratories with a standard operating procedure included. For the 10 laboratories that evaluated the test, 17 of 44 (37%) laboratory pairs were considered equivalent. A statistical qualification rule was developed based on the testing results from 5 experienced laboratories, where a laboratory qualified if at least 83% of values lied within the acceptable range.
Journal of virological methods 07/2012; 185(2):267-75. · 2.13 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In addition to SARS associated coronaviruses, 4 non-SARS related human coronaviruses (HCoVs) are recognized as common respiratory pathogens. The etiology and clinical impact of HCoVs in Chinese adults with acute upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) needs to be characterized systematically by molecular detection with excellent sensitivity.
In this study, we detected 4 non-SARS related HCoV species by real-time RT-PCR in 981 nasopharyngeal swabs collected from March 2009 to February 2011. All specimens were also tested for the presence of other common respiratory viruses and newly identified viruses, human metapneumovirus (hMPV) and human bocavirus (HBoV). 157 of the 981 (16.0%) nasopharyngeal swabs were positive for HCoVs. The species detected were 229E (96 cases, 9.8%), OC43 (42 cases, 4.3%), HKU1 (16 cases, 1.6%) and NL63 (11 cases, 1.1%). HCoV-229E was circulated in 21 of the 24 months of surveillance. The detection rates for both OC43 and NL63 were showed significantly year-to-year variation between 2009/10 and 2010/11, respectively (P<0.001 and P = 0.003), and there was a higher detection frequency of HKU1 in patients aged over 60 years (P = 0.03). 48 of 157(30.57%) HCoV positive patients were co-infected. Undifferentiated human rhinoviruses and influenza (Flu) A were the most common viruses detected (more than 35%) in HCoV co-infections. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), human parainfluenza virus (PIV) and HBoV were detected in very low rate (less than 1%) among adult patients with URTI.
All 4 non-SARS-associated HCoVs were more frequently detected by real-time RT-PCR assay in adults with URTI in Beijing and HCoV-229E led to the most prevalent infection. Our study also suggested that all non-SARS-associated HCoVs contribute significantly to URTI in adult patients in China.
PLoS ONE 06/2012; 7(6):e38638. · 3.53 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To determine the antigen characteristics of different fragments of SARS-CoV N protein expressed in E. Coli and their application in the serological diagnosis.
Based on preliminary analysis of 39 different segments of the N protein, We choosed six purified N protein for further antigenicity characterization in this study, including that PN360 (1 -360aa), PN301 (1-301aa), PN199 (30-228aa), PN185 (30-214aa), PN155b (60-214aa), and PN125 (90-214aa). We developed Western-Bolt and ELISA to detect antibody reactivity between truncated N fragments with sera from SARS-CoV-negative normal adults or SARS-CoV patient convalescent sera.
Western-Bolt results show that all the six fragments have reacted with the SARS patient convalescent sera, but the PN360 and PN301 showed obvious cross-reaction with sera from SARS-CoV-negative normal adults; sensitivity analysis using an ELISA coating with PN199, PN185, PN155b, PN125 as antigen showed that the PN185 and PN155b are better than PN125.
Truncated N protein PN185 and PN155b expressed in E. Coli are better antigen candidates used for detection of SARS-CoV specific antibody.
Zhonghua shi yan he lin chuang bing du xue za zhi = Zhonghua shiyan he linchuang bingduxue zazhi = Chinese journal of experimental and clinical virology 02/2012; 26(1):40-2.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: An effective vaccine and new therapeutic methods for hepatitis C virus (HCV) are needed, and a potent HCV vaccine must induce robust and sustained cellular-mediated immunity (CMI). Research has indicated that adenoviral and vaccinia vectors may have the ability to elicit strong B and T cell immune responses to target antigens.
A recombinant replication-defective adenovirus serotype 5 (rAd5) vector, rAd5-CE1E2, and a recombinant Tian Tan vaccinia vector, rTTV-CE1E2, were constructed to express the HCV CE1E2 gene (1-746 amino acid HCV 1b subtype). Mice were prime-immunised with rAd5-CE1E2 delivered via intramuscular injection (i.m.), intranasal injection (i.n.), or intradermal injection (i.d.) and boosted using a different combination of injection routes. CMI was evaluated via IFN-γ ELISPOT and ICS 2 weeks after immunisation, or 16 weeks after boost for long-term responses. The humoral response was analysed by ELISA. With the exception of priming by i.n. injection, a robust CMI response against multiple HCV antigens (core, E1, E2) was elicited and remained at a high level for a long period (16 weeks post-vaccination) in mice. However, i.n. priming elicited the highest anti-core antibody levels. Priming with i.d. rAd5-CE1E2 and boosting with i.d. rTTV-CE1E2 carried out simultaneously enhanced CMI and the humoral immune response, compared to the homologous rAd5-CE1E2 immune groups. All regimens demonstrated equivalent cross-protective potency in a heterologous surrogate challenge assay based on a recombinant HCV (JFH1, 2a) vaccinia virus.
Our data suggest that a rAd5-CE1E2-based HCV vaccine would be capable of eliciting an effective immune response and cross-protection. These findings have important implications for the development of T cell-based HCV vaccine candidates.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study aimed to develop an effective experimental vaccine against highly pathogenic H5N1 Avian Influenza (HPAI) virus and to optimize their immunization programs. As reported previously, various DNA-based or recombinant vaccinia viral(Tiantan)-based H5N1 vaccine candidates, which containing a single cistronic construct (HAop, or NAop) or a bicistronic construct (HAop/M2 or NAop/M1) of H5N1 influenza virus (Anhui strain) were constructed and characterized in our lab. In this study, we further analysed the immunogenicity in mice of these vaccine candidates by various protocols (single or combined immunization). Our results showed that: comparing with immunization with DNA-based or rTTV-based H5N1 vaccine only, combined DNA-based with rTTV-based H5N1 vaccine immunization via prime-boost strategy enhanced immune response significantly against multi-H5N1 antigens detected by hemagglutination inhibition (HI) assay, NA- or M1- or M2-specific antibody detection, and micro-neutralizing antibody test and IFN-gamma ELISpot assay. Priming with DNA-based vaccine induced higher level of humoral response against HA or NA antigen than priming with rTTV-based vaccine; In contract, M1 and M2-specific antibody levels were higher among that of priming with rTTV -based vaccine. These findings provide a basis for further development of novel H5N1 vaccines and for the optimization of the immunization programs of combined multi-antigens vaccine candidates.
Bing du xue bao = Chinese journal of virology / [bian ji, Bing du xue bao bian ji wei yuan hui] 11/2011; 27(6):594-8.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To develop a novel, effective HBV therapeutic vaccine, we constructed two HBV DNA immunogens that contained PreS1, HBSS1, and HBCS1. Several delivery methods, such as intramuscular (i.m.) injection, intramuscular injection plus electroporation (i.m.-EP), and intradermal injection plus electroporation (i.d.-EP) were used in a murine model to analyze and compare the immune responses that were induced by the DNA immunogens. We found that i.d.-EP accelerated specific antibody seroconversion and produced high antibody (anti-PreS1, anti-S, and anti-C antibody) titers after HBSS1 and HBCS1 immunization. Combining the HBSS1 and HBCS1 DNA immunogens with i.d.-EP produced the strongest multiantigen (PreS1, S, and C)-specific cellular immune response and the highest specific PreS1 antibody levels. The results indicated that DNA immunization using HBSS1 and HBCS1 might be an ideal candidate, with its ability to elicit robust B and T cell immune responses against multiantigen when combined with optimized delivery technology. The present study provides a basis for the design and rational application of a novel HBV DNA vaccine.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Persistent infection with high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) is a predominant cause of cervical cancer, and HPV16 and HPV18 occur in 50% and 20% of cervical cancer cases, respectively. The viral oncogenes E6 and E7 are constitutively expressed by HPV-associated tumour cells and can therefore be used as target antigens for immunotherapy. In this study, we constructed a recombinant vaccinia virus co-expressing the HPV16/18 E7E6 fusion proteins (rVVJ16/18E7E6) for use as a therapeutic vaccine for the treatment of HPV16⁺ and HPV18⁺ cancers.
We constructed a bivalent recombinant vaccinia virus expressing modified E7E6 fusion proteins of HPV type 16 and 18 (rVVJ16/18E7E6) based on the vaccinia virus Tiantan strain. We then defined the cellular immune responses to the virus in mice and rhesus monkeys and assessed antitumour efficacy of these responses in mice using the TC-1 tumour challenge model.
Our data demonstrated that rVVJ16/18E7E6 was able to elicit varying levels of CD8⁺ T cell immune responses and lysis of target cells in mice in response to peptides HPV16E7₄₉₋₅₇ and HPV18E6₆₇₋₇₅. Furthermore, the virus was also able to induce anti-tumour responses in the HPV16⁺ TC-1 tumour challenge model, including partial protection (30-40%) and delayed tumour appearance. In addition, the virus was able to induce immune responses in rhesus monkeys.
The recombinant vaccinia virus rVVJ16/18E7E6 can generate clear and significant cellular immunity in both mice and rhesus monkeys. These data provide a basis for the use of this recombinant virus as a potential vaccine candidate for further study.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the seasonal influenza split vaccine's immune protective effectiveness against the homologous and heterogonous subtypes of influenza A virus challenge and the relationship between the protective effectiveness and hemagglutination inhibition (HI) antibody titer in mice. Two components of H1N1 and H3N2 in Chinese 2008-2009 seasonal influenza spilt vaccine, were derived from vaccine strain A/Brisbane/59/2007 (H1N1)-like virus and A/Brisbane/10/2007 (H3N2)-like virus respectively, and were used to immune BALB/c mice. Firstly, different doses of the vaccines were used to immunize mice and the HA immunization dosage that can induce the HI antibody titer of 40 in mice was identified; Secondly, H1N1 vaccine immunized mice were challenged with different doses of influenza virus mouse adaptation strains of A/Brisbane/59/2007 (H1N1)-like virus (MA) (referred to as A1 virus, well matched-strain in the homologous subtype) and A/Purto Rico/8/34 (H1N1) (referred to as PR8 virus, poor matched-strain in the homologous subtype) respectively, and H3N2 vaccine immunized mice were challenged with H1N1 influenza virus of A1 strain (Heterogonous subtype), body weight changes and survival rates were observed to explore the immune protective effectiveness of influenza split vaccine against the homologous and heterogonous subtypes of influenza A virus in mice. Results indicated that HI antibody titers were elevated as the HA protein immunization dosages increased from 0.15 microg, 0.5 microg, 1.5 microg, 5 microg to 15 microg in mice, and 1.5 microg HA of the seasonal influenza split vaccine could induced HI antibody titer of 40 in mice; 3LD50, 10LD50, 30LD50, 100LD50, 300LD50,1000LD50 and 3000LD50 of influenza virus strain A1 were used to challenge the H1N1 immunization mice, 1.5 microg HA of H1N1 vaccine could 100% protect mice against challenge with 1000LD50 of matched and homologous subtype of influenza virus strains A1, mice immunized with 15 microg HA of H1N1 vaccine even could 100% protect mice against challenge with 3000LD50 of influenza virus strains A1; but mice immunized with both the 1.5 microg and 15 microg HA of H1N1 vaccine were all sacrificed when challenged with 3LD50 of the mismatched and homologous subtype of influenza virus strain PR8, and mice immunized with the high dosage of 15 microg HA of H3N2 vaccine also were all sacrificed when challenged with 3LD50 of the heterogonous subtype of influenza virus strain A1. These results suggest that 1.5 microg HA of seasonal influenza split vaccine could induced HI antibody titer of 40 after one dose in mice, this dosage of HA can effectively protect mice against matched homologous subtype of influenza virus strain, but hardly to protect mice against mismatched homologous or heterogonous subtype of influenza virus strain. These results provide materials for the establishment of influenza vaccine evaluation system based on seasonal influenza vaccine.
Bing du xue bao = Chinese journal of virology / [bian ji, Bing du xue bao bian ji wei yuan hui] 05/2011; 27(3):265-73.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This investigation is to delete the most of the coding sequence (1104 bp) of the IV a2 gene in an adenovirus genome by a lambda-Red recombinase system-mediated PCR-targeting approach and rescue a recombinant adenovirus with IV a2 deletion. First, the template pAK of PCR targeting, containing kanamycin cassette, was constructed. Then, a linear fragment for PCR targeting, which had 39 bp homologous arms at both of its terminus, was amplified by PCR from the pAK. The pFG140 and the linear fragment were electroporated into E. coli BW25113/pIJ790 sequentially and the recombinant pFG140-deltaIV a2 (1104) was established by homologous recombination between the linear fragment and the pFG140 with aid of X-Red recombinase. The precise deletion of 1 104 bp fragment from IV a2 was confirmed by restriction endonucleases digestion and DNA sequencing. ORF of IV a2 was amplified by PCR from pFG140 and then cloned into the pAAV2neo vector. The recombinant adenovirus Ad5delta IV a2 (1104) was rescued by co-transfection of pFG140-deltaIV a2 (1104) and pAAV2neo-IV a2 into HEK293 cells. It was shown by Western Blot that IV a2 could not be detected in the Ad5deltaIV a2 (1104)- infected HEK293 cells. This study established a PCR-targeting strategy for manipulating adenovirus genome directly by a lambda-Red recombinase system, and a recombinant adenovirus with IV a2 deletion was obtained.
Bing du xue bao = Chinese journal of virology / [bian ji, Bing du xue bao bian ji wei yuan hui] 05/2011; 27(3):257-64.