C Abbate

Università degli Studi di Messina, Messina, Sicily, Italy

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Publications (31)41.16 Total impact

  • Illness Crisis & Loss 12/2013;
  • Illness Crisis & Loss 01/2013; 21(3):219-229. DOI:10.2190/IL.21.3.d
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study is to measure the alterations in the trace levels of serum copper (Cu), selenium (Se), and manganese (Mn) in forestry workers testing immunoglobulin G (IgG)-positive for Brucella, Borrelia, and Rickettsia. The study was conducted on a sample of 758 subjects (560 male and 198 female). All the subjects underwent medical examinations, which investigated particularly the presence of clinical signs compatible with zoonoses, and routine blood tests from venous blood sample, which tested previous immunisation versus cited microorganisms and serum concentration of Cu, Se, and Mn. The subjects were divided according to IgG positivity versus the cited microorganisms. The group of subjects with IgG positive versus Brucella showed statistically significant higher Cu levels than controls, while the Mn levels were not; the group of subjects with IgG positive versus Rickettsia showed higher levels of all three tested metals. The concentration of the examined metals did not show statistically significant difference between IgG-positive subjects versus subjects with Borrelia compared to controls. These data could confirm the role of both Cu and Se in the regulation of immune response.
    Toxicology and Industrial Health 04/2012; 29(8). DOI:10.1177/0748233712445050 · 1.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Millions of workers are exposed to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and it is known that the kidney is a target for toxic chemicals. We have evaluated neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) as a potential marker of tubular damage and have used it, with sister chromatid exchange (SCE) analysis, to evaluate carcinogenic risk in a group of workers from an oil refinery. NGAL and SCE analysis were evaluated in 160 subjects. Exposed subjects were divided into three groups, according to levels of exposure to PAHs: 40 highly exposed workmen (WM), 40 less exposed office workers (OW), and 40 subjects (GE) living in Gela. The control group included 40 healthy subjects (HS). WM, OW and GE showed higher NGAL levels than HS. WM had higher levels of NGAL than the OW and GE groups; in ROC analysis, serum NGAL showed a good diagnostic profile (sensitivity 87.5%; specificity 100.0%), as did urinary NGAL (sensitivity 90.0%; specificity 92.5%). Moreover, regarding SCE analysis, WM showed higher values than HS. A direct correlation between SCE and serum NGAL was found in WM, the group most exposed to PAHs. The high values of NGAL are an expression of damage to the renal tubule determined by exposure to PAHs. Compared to the other groups studied, chromosomal aberrations - expressed as SCE - were increased in WM, the group most exposed to PAHs, indicating genotoxic damage. NGAL may also play a role in the process of carcinogenesis having a direct correlation with the number of SCEs.
    American Journal of Nephrology 02/2012; 35(3):271-8. DOI:10.1159/000336310 · 2.65 Impact Factor
  • Elvira Micali, Agata Zirilli, Carmelo Abbate
    Illness Crisis & Loss 01/2011; 19(4):363-377. DOI:10.2190/IL.19.4.e
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    ABSTRACT: The inhalation of glass dusts mixed in resin, generally known as glass fiber-reinforced plastic (GRP), represents a little-studied occupational hazard. The few studies performed have highlighted nonspecific lung disorders in animals and in humans. In the present study we evaluated the alteration of the respiratory system and the pathogenic mechanisms causing the changes in a group of working men employed in different GRP processing operations and exposed to production dusts. The study was conducted on a sample of 29 male subjects whose mean age was 37 years and mean length of service 11 years. All of the subjects were submitted to a clinical check-up, basic tests, and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL); microscopic studies and biochemical analysis were performed on the BAL fluid. Tests of respiratory function showed a large number of obstructive syndromes; scanning electron microscopy highlighted qualitative and quantitative alterations of the alveolar macrophages; and transmission electron microscopy revealed the presence of electron-dense cytoplasmatic inclusions indicating intense and active phlogosis (external inflammation). Biochemical analyses highlighted an increase in protein content associated with alterations of the lung oxidant/antioxidant homeostasis. Inhalation of GRP, independent of environmental concentration, causes alterations of the cellular and humoral components of pulmonary interstitium; these alterations are identified microscopically as acute alveolitis.
    Environmental Health Perspectives 12/2006; 114(11):1725-9. DOI:10.1289/ehp.8676 · 7.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Obesity is an international social problem. This study was aimed at evaluating the relationship of overweight and obesity with social dynamics and correlated biological indicators. The study was carried out on a group of healthcare workers employed in a large hospital in the province of Messina (Sicily, Italy). A total of 1010 subjects (377 men and 633 women) aged between 16 and 64 years, living in the province of Messina since birth. The educational level, BMI (Body mass index), arterial blood pressure and ECG of each subject was examined. The results showed that 52% of the men and 66.5% of the women were of normal weight, while the men showed greater susceptibility to overweight (M 33.2% > F 16%). Obesity was found in both sexes (M 13.3%, F 13.6%). Moreover, it was observed that arterial blood pressure tends to increase with age and body weight, and that the incidence of overweight falls as educational level rises. The study supports the hypothesis that there is a growing incidence of overweight and obesity in subjects of working age employed in the healthcare sector.
    La Medicina del lavoro 01/2006; 97(1):13-9. · 0.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study is to investigate how environmental factors, associated with exposure to industrial noise, affect the development of chronic noise-induced hearing loss. The study was conducted on 186 male subjects working in two bottling plants, situated respectively in a small farming community, and in a medium-sized city with significant levels of noise pollution. Levels of occupational exposure were the same for the two groups. The subjects were selected by means of a preliminary medical examination, and exposed to tonal hearing tests and acoustic impedance tests. Statistical analysis was performed on hearing threshold values obtained at the frequencies of 500, 1000, 2000 and 4000 Hz. The comparison between the thresholds obtained in the two groups showed a statistically significant difference, especially at the frequency of 4000 Hz and for occupational exposure exceeding 17 yr. The results led us to conclude that environmental factors, and urban noise in particular, influence the onset and development of occupational acoustic trauma, and that those working in the country are significantly less affected than those in the city. Since occupational exposure was the same for both groups, their different responses must therefore be interpreted as due to differences in non-occupational exposure, in turn dependent on different opportunities for rest from noise and different levels of exposure to noise pollution.
    Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 09/2005; 107(1-3):351-61. DOI:10.1007/s10661-005-3107-1 · 1.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Exposure to whole-body vibrations (WBV) represents a highly diffuse occupational risk. Some studies report that chronic exposure to WBV induces a significant increment in the modifications of the cognitive and emotional area. The aim of this study was to investigate the long-term effects of WBV exposure on the neuropsychic and behavioural system. The study population consisted of 137 male subjects, mean age 45.7 years, working as drivers of mechanical trolleys and occupationally exposed to WBV of a frequency below 2 m/s2. The Profile of Mood States was administered to all subjects in a maximum time of 10 min and in the same operative conditions. The results were compared with those of a homogeneous control group by means of an innovative statistical technique. The results show a significant difference in the response to the neurobehavioural test. The exposed group showed, in fact, a higher score compared with the controls for all 6 factors. In particular, the scores for factors F (fatigue-inertia), D (depression-dejection) and T (tension-anxiety) were more elevated, expressing a significant alteration of the psycho-affective status. Moreover, statistical analysis showed a correlation between exposure time and the score obtained for all factors in the exposed group. This study indicates that occupational exposure to WBV is associated with alterations of mood status and that these modifications are directly proportional to exposure time. Furthermore, our results show that psychological tests commonly used in psychopathologic diagnostics can be useful in monitoring alterations of psycho-emotional status determined by physical stressors.
    Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics 01/2004; 73(6):375-9. DOI:10.1159/000080391 · 9.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Exposure to aluminum (Al) causes the onset of respiratory disorders. This study is aimed at providing further information on how occupational exposure to Al affects the respiratory apparatus in healthy non-smokers, with particular attention to respiratory function. A group of 50 male shipyard workers who were exposed to Al underwent medical examination, standard chest X-rays and spirometry in accordance with the C.E.C.A. protocol. The data were compared with those of a homogeneous group of controls, all with blood aluminum (AlB) levels below 7.5 ng/ml. Statistical analysis was performed on the following spirometric parameters: vital capacity (VC), forced vital capacity (FVC), maximum forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1), and mean forced expiratory flow during mid-half of FVC (FEF(25-75%)). Environmental Al levels were also measured at the various workstations. Fifty male workers with an average age 31.82 +/- 5.05 years, occupational exposure of 11.81 +/- 3.71 years, presented with average AlB levels of 32.64 +/- 8.69 ng/ml. Environmental monitoring displayed Al levels higher than TLV TWA for all the workstations studied. None of the sample displayed significant pathological conditions. Statistical comparison of the spirometric parameters showed a decrease in the examined values in exposed workers. This decrease was found to be directly proportional to the AlB level. The authors conclude that Al affects respiratory function and that limit values should be reassessed.
    American Journal of Industrial Medicine 10/2003; 44(4):400-4. DOI:10.1002/ajim.10276 · 1.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In order to evaluate the relationship between exposure to aluminum and cognitive functions, a group of 50 aluminum welders underwent to the following neuropsychological tests: Wechsler Memory Scale, Color-Word Test and Raven Progressives Matrices test. The results of the tests showed a reduction of memory, of concentration and a slight reduction of attention. The authors conclude that aluminum exposure leads cognitive changes.
    Giornale italiano di medicina del lavoro ed ergonomia 01/2003; 25 Suppl(3):102-3.
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    ABSTRACT: Pneumoconioses determined by chronic inhalation of different kinds of silica present with peculiar clinical and histopathological features. Silicosis, caused by crystalline silica, is characterized by typical fibrous parenchymal nodules. Less defined are pneumoconioses due to amorphous silica. Aim of current experimental research on silicosis is to investigate the early events that lead to nodular fibrosis of the lung. A secretory component of the pulmonary environment, surfactant, seems to be involved in silica toxicity; surfactant protein D is a protein constituent, apparently involved in the homeostasis of the phospholipid component. We studied the behaviour of SP-D 2, 12 and 24 hours after treatment with 200 mg/kg crystalline silica or pumice powder suspended in 400 microl/kg saline solution and instiled intratracheally to rats. Both immunohistochemical localization and immunoblotting quantification demonstrated a sensible increase in intracellular SP-D, localized in alveolar type II cells and some bronchiolar epithelial cells, 2 hours after treatment. Increment appears less marked 12 hours after administration, reaching again levels comparable to control at 24 hours. The behaviour of SP-D after pumice instilation is similar, but with a significantly minor increment at 2 hours. These results indicate crystalline silica as responsible for a stronger acute injury of pulmonary tissue.
    Italian journal of anatomy and embryology = Archivio italiano di anatomia ed embriologia 01/2002; 107(4):243-56.
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    ABSTRACT: Epidemiological researches showed a significant increase in the alterations of the cognitive and emotional sphere in subjects exposed to hydrocarbons. This paper deals with a study carried out on a group of male workers between the ages of 35 and 40, who had been working as external workers in a large refinery. All the subjects worked in short shift rotation and were exposed to hydrocarbons during the loading of tank trucks. The response data reported by this investigation are compared to data of different male subjects who had also been working at the refinery for the same period of time, but as administrative day workers, and were certainly not exposed to the hydrocarbons. The nonparametric statistical analysis was carried out by a new nonparametric approach based on multivariate permutation tests. Results show a significant difference in the response to neurobehavioral tests. The exposed group showed behavioral tendencies towards anxiety and depression that the nonexposed group did not. The study shows that occupational exposure to hydrocarbons is associated with neurobehavioral modifications, and that the use of psychometric tests can be useful for monitoring the psychosomatic consequences by exposure to hydrocarbon microdoses.
    Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics 01/2001; 70(1):44-9. DOI:10.1159/000056224 · 9.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The object of the present study was to evaluate, with the aid of visual evoked potentials (VEPs), modifications induced in the optic nerve by lead, and to investigate the relationship between blood lead levels (PbB) and modification of the VEP. We studied a sample of 300 men with PbB values between 17 and 60 micrograms/100 ml. Our study demonstrates that alterations in the latency of the VEP are dependent on PbB levels, though there is not a directly proportional relationship.
    International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health 02/1995; 66(6):389-92. DOI:10.1007/BF00383145 · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The object of the present study was to evaluate, with the aid of electrophysiologic techniques, the alterations induced in the auditory nervous system by exposure to toluene in a group of rotogravure workers. From 300 workers who were apparently in good health but were professionally exposed to toluene, we selected a sample of 40 workers of normal hearing ability. They were examined with an adaptation test studied by the brainstem auditory evoked potential technique with 11 and 90 stimulus repetitions a second. The results were compared with those in a group of workers of the same age but not professionally exposed to solvents. Our study demonstrates that exposure to toluene is able to induce a statistically significant alteration in the electric responses with both 11 and 90 stimuli repetitions. This alteration can be explained as a toluene exposure-induced modification, of physiologic stimulus conduction mechanisms, even in the absence of any clinical sign of neuropathy. Furthermore, such a modification could be observed in the electric responses of the entire auditory system, from peripheral receptors to brainstem nuclei.
    International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health 02/1993; 64(6):389-92. DOI:10.1007/BF00517943 · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    British journal of industrial medicine 04/1989; 46(3):212-4. DOI:10.1136/oem.46.3.212
  • D Germanò, C Abbate, A Granata
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    ABSTRACT: The antitoxic action of 1-ascorbic acid and alpha-mercaptopropionyl glycine was examined via the formation of Ehrlich-Heinz bodies in human venous red cells following in vitro intoxication with 100 mg/ml acetylphenylhydrazine. Marked synergism was noted, especially when small amounts of glucose were added. Both substances displayed a marked affinity for red cells and penetrated them on contact without an incubation period. Optimum amounts for maximum synergy were alpha-mercaptopropionyl glycine 0.01-0.02, 1-ascorbic acid 0.01-0.02 ml and glucose 40 mg per ml of blood. At this dose, appearance of Ehrlich bodies was appreciably retarded. In addition, changes in the size and quality of such bodies pointed to enhanced cell resistance to the poison used.
    Minerva medica 10/1979; 70(38):2615-9. · 1.20 Impact Factor
  • Minerva medica 10/1979; 70(38):2621-8. · 1.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The most recent data from National Institute Insurance Work Accident (INAIL) confirm the high incidence of ocular injury as accident work. In this work the authors analyse the most common clinical form of occupational ocular trauma with the purpose to evaluate the use of electrophysiological tests in the diagnosis and in the follow up of these accidents. Authors admit the importance of more recent techniques as TC and MR in the diagnosis of these injuries; however, they conclude that electrophysiological tests can be considered as a first choice for the evaluation of the evolution and sequelae of ocular traumatism, for their low cost and easy application.
    Giornale italiano di medicina del lavoro ed ergonomia 27(2):154-6.
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic condition in subjects with chronic viral hepatitis determines issues neuropsychic. The sample of 21 workers suffering from chronic viral hepatitis in drug treatment has been studied with a battery of standardized tests to assess the cognitive performance, the neurobehavioral effects and psychological disorders that interfere with quality of life, comparing the results of subjects with HBV with those of subjects suffering from HCV. The results showed that both subjects with chronic HBV and HCV have relational-work restrictions that determine long periods of absence from the workplace, with the depression, anxiety, irritability and dysphoria. It is that in patients with chronic HCV physical functioning is significantly impaired with clinical manifestations of the disease that lead to major depression and deficit cognitive function.
    Giornale italiano di medicina del lavoro ed ergonomia 29(3 Suppl):757-60.