Juliette Moyersoen

Catholic University of Louvain, Walloon Region, Belgium

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Publications (4)23.32 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Peroxisomes, glyoxysomes and glycosomes are related organelles found in different organisms. The morphology and enzymic content of the different members of this organelle family differ considerably, and may also be highly dependent on the cell's environmental conditions or life cycle. However, all peroxisome-like organelles have in common a number of characteristic enzymes or enzyme systems, notably enzymes dealing with reactive oxygen species. All organelles of the family follow essentially the same route of biogenesis, but with species-specific differences. Sets of proteins called peroxins are involved in different aspects of the formation and proliferation of peroxisomes such as import of proteins in the organellar matrix, insertion of proteins in the membrane, etc. In different eukaryotic lineages these functions are carried out by often--but not always--homologous yet poorly conserved peroxins. The process of biogenesis and the nature of the proteins involved suggest that all members of the peroxisome family evolved from a single organelle in an ancestral eukaryotic cell. This original peroxisome was possibly derived from a cellular membrane system such as the endoplasmic reticulum. Most of the organism-specific functions of the extant organelles have been acquired later in evolution.
    Molecular Membrane Biology 07/2009; 22(1-2):133-45. · 3.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In trypanosomatids (Trypanosoma and Leishmania), protozoa responsible for serious diseases of mankind in tropical and subtropical countries, core carbohydrate metabolism including glycolysis is compartmentalized in peculiar peroxisomes called glycosomes. Proper biogenesis of these organelles and the correct sequestering of glycolytic enzymes are essential to these parasites. Biogenesis of glycosomes in trypanosomatids and that of peroxisomes in other eukaryotes, including the human host, occur via homologous processes involving proteins called peroxins, which exert their function through multiple, transient interactions with each other. Decreased expression of peroxins leads to death of trypanosomes. Peroxins show only a low level of sequence conservation. Therefore, it seems feasible to design compounds that will prevent interactions of proteins involved in biogenesis of trypanosomatid glycosomes without interfering with peroxisome formation in the human host cells. Such compounds would be suitable as lead drugs against trypanosomatid-borne diseases.
    FEMS Microbiology Reviews 11/2004; 28(5):603-43. · 13.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Glycosome biogenesis in trypanosomatids occurs via a process that is homologous to peroxisome biogenesis in other eukaryotes. Glycosomal matrix proteins are synthesized in the cytosol and imported posttranslationally. The import process involves a series of protein-protein interactions starting by recognition of glycosomal matrix proteins by a receptor in the cytosol. Most proteins to be imported contain so-called PTS-1 or PTS-2 targeting sequences recognized by, respectively, the receptor proteins PEX5 and PEX7. PEX14, a protein associated with the peroxisomal membrane, has been identified as a component of the docking complex and a point of convergence of the PEX5- and PEX7-dependent import pathways. In this paper, the strength of the interactions between Trypanosoma brucei PEX14 and PEX5 was studied by a fluorescence assay, using (i) a panel of N-terminal regions of TbPEX14 protein variants and (ii) a series of different peptides derived from TbPEX5, each containing one of the three WXXXF/Y motifs present in this receptor protein. On the PEX14 side, the N-terminal region of TbPEX14 including residues 1-84 appeared to be responsible for TbPEX5 binding. The results from PEX14 mutants identified specific residues in the N-terminal region of TbPEX14 involved in PEX5 binding and showed that in particular hydrophobic residues F35 and F52 are critical. On the PEX5 side, 13-mer peptides incorporating the first or the third WXXXF/Y motif bind to PEX14 with an affinity in the nanomolar range. However, the second WXXXF/Y motif peptide did not show any detectable affinity. Studies using variants of second and third motif peptides suggest that the alpha-helical content of the peptides as well as the charge of a residue at position 9 in the motif may be important for PEX14 binding. Assays with 7-, 10-, 13-, and 16-mer third motif peptides showed that 16-mers and 13-mers have comparable binding affinity for PEX14, whereas 10-mers and 7-mers have about 10- and 100-fold lower affinity than the 16-mers, respectively. The low sequence identities of PEX14 and PEX5 between parasite and its human host, and the vital importance of proper glycosome biogenesis to the parasite, render these peroxins highly promising drug targets.
    Biochemistry 10/2003; 42(37):10915-22. · 3.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It has been shown previously in various organisms that the peroxin PEX14 is a component of a docking complex at the peroxisomal membrane, where it is involved in the import of matrix proteins into the organelle after their synthesis in the cytosol and recognition by a receptor. Here we present a characterization of the Trypanosoma brucei homologue of PEX14. It is shown that the protein is associated with glycosomes, the peroxisome-like organelles of trypanosomatids in which most glycolytic enzymes are compartmentalized. The N-terminal part of the protein binds specifically to TbPEX5, the cytosolic receptor for glycosomal matrix proteins with a peroxisome-targeting signal type 1 (PTS-1). TbPEX14 mRNA depletion by RNA interference results, in both bloodstream-form and procyclic, insect-stage T. brucei, in mislocalization of glycosomal proteins to the cytosol. The mislocalization was observed for different classes of matrix proteins: proteins with a C-terminal PTS-1, a N-terminal PTS-2 and a polypeptide internal I-PTS. The RNA interference experiments also showed that TbPEX14 is essential for the survival of bloodstream-form and procyclic trypanosomes. These data indicate the protein's great potential as a target for selective trypanocidal drugs.
    European Journal of Biochemistry 06/2003; 270(9):2059-67. · 3.58 Impact Factor