Donna B Jeffe

Washington University in St. Louis, San Luis, Missouri, United States

Are you Donna B Jeffe?

Claim your profile

Publications (148)522.64 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study is to examine the associations of neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation and triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) subtype with causes of death [breast cancer (BC)-specific and non-BC-specific] among non-metastatic invasive BC patients. We identified 3,312 patients younger than 75 years (mean age 53.5 years; 621 [18.8 %] TNBC) with first primary BC treated at an academic medical center from 1999 to 2010. We constructed a census-tract-level socioeconomic deprivation index using the 2000 U.S. Census data and performed a multilevel competing-risk analysis to estimate the hazard ratios (HR) and 95 % confidence intervals (CI) of BC-specific and non-BC-specific mortality associated with neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation and TNBC subtype. The adjusted models controlled for patient sociodemographics, health behaviors, tumor characteristics, comorbidity, and cancer treatment. With a median 62-month follow-up, 349 (10.5 %) patients died; 233 died from BC. In the multivariate models, neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation was independently associated with non-BC-specific mortality (the most- vs. the least-deprived quartile: HR = 2.98, 95 % CI = 1.33-6.66); in contrast, its association with BC-specific mortality was explained by the aforementioned patient-level covariates, particularly sociodemographic factors (HR = 1.15, 95 % CI = 0.71-1.87). TNBC subtype was independently associated with non-BC-specific mortality (HR = 2.15; 95 % CI = 1.20-3.84), while the association between TNBC and BC-specific mortality approached significance (HR = 1.42; 95 % CI = 0.99-2.03, P = 0.057). Non-metastatic invasive BC patients who lived in more socioeconomically deprived neighborhoods were more likely to die as a result of causes other than BC compared with those living in the least socioeconomically deprived neighborhoods. TNBC was associated with non-BC-specific mortality but not BC-specific mortality.
    Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 09/2014; · 4.47 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To develop a prognostic model to predict 30-day mortality following colorectal cancer (CRC) surgery using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-Medicare-linked data and to assess whether race/ethnicity, neighborhood, and hospital characteristics influence model performance.
    Cancer causes & control : CCC. 08/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: MD-PhD scientists are a successful, but small and fairly homogenous group of biomedical researchers. The authors conducted a retrospective cohort study to identify predictors of MD-PhD program enrollment to inform evidence-based strategies to increase the size and diversity of the biomedical research workforce.
    Academic medicine: journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges 07/2014; · 2.34 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Although computerized decision support for imaging is often recommended for optimizing computed tomography (CT) use, no studies have evaluated emergency physicians' (EPs') preferences regarding computerized decision support in the emergency department (ED). In this needs assessment, the authors sought to determine if EPs view overutilization as a problem, if they want decision support, and if so, the kinds of support they prefer.
    Academic Emergency Medicine 07/2014; 21(7):768-777. · 1.76 Impact Factor
  • Donna B Jeffe, Dorothy A Andriole
    Academic medicine: journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges 07/2014; 89(7):959. · 2.34 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to describe hospital and geographic variation in 30-day risk of surgical complications and death among colorectal cancer (CRC) patients and the extent to which patient-, hospital-, and census-tract-level characteristics increased risk of these outcomes. We included patients at least 66 years old with first primary stage I-III CRC from the 2000-2005 National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results data linked with 1999-2005 Medicare claims. A multilevel, cross-classified logistic model was used to account for nesting of patients within hospitals and within residential census tracts. Outcomes were risk of complications and death after a complication within 30 days of surgery. Data were analyzed for 35,946 patients undergoing surgery at 1,222 hospitals and residing in 12,187 census tracts; 27.2 % of patients developed complications, and of these 13.4 % died. Risk-adjusted variability in complications across hospitals and census tracts was similar. Variability in mortality was larger than variability in complications, across hospitals and across census tracts. Specific characteristics increased risk of complications (e.g., census-tract-poverty rate, emergency surgery, and being African-American). No hospital characteristics increased complication risk. Specific characteristics increased risk of death (e.g. census-tract-poverty rate, being diagnosed with colon (versus rectal) cancer, and emergency surgery), while hospitals with at least 500 beds showed reduced death risk. Large, unexplained variations exist in mortality after surgical complications in CRC across hospitals and geographic areas. The potential exists for quality improvement efforts targeted at the hospital and/or census-tract levels to prevent complications and augment hospitals' ability to reduce mortality risk.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 04/2014; · 4.12 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Following reforms to the breast-cancer referral process for our city's health Safety Net (SN), we compared the experiences from first abnormality to definitive diagnosis of breast-cancer patients referred to Siteman Cancer Center from SN and non-SN (NSN) providers. SN-referred patients with any stage (0-IV) and NSN-referred patients with late-stage (IIB-IV) breast cancer were prospectively identified after diagnosis during cancer center consultations conducted between September 2008 and June 2010. Interviews were taped and transcribed verbatim; transcripts were independently coded by two raters using inductive methods to identify themes. Of 82 eligible patients, 57 completed interviews (33/47 SN [70%] and 24/35 NSN [69%]). Eighteen SN-referred patients (52%) had late-stage disease at diagnosis, as did all NSN patients (by design). A higher proportion of late-stage SN patients (67%) than either early-stage SN (47%) or NSN (33%) patients reported feelings of fear and avoidance that deterred them from pursuing care for concerning breast findings. A higher proportion of SN late-stage patients than NSN patient reported behaviors concerning for poor health knowledge or behavior (33% versus 8%), but reported receipt of timely, consistent communication from health care providers once they received care (50% versus 17%). Half of late-stage SN patients reported improper clinical or administrative conduct by health care workers that delayed referral and/or diagnosis. Although SN patients reported receipt of compassionate care once connected with health services, they presented with higher-than-expected rates of late-stage disease. Psychological barriers, life stressors, and provider or clinic delays affected access to and navigation of the health care system and represent opportunities for intervention.
    Journal of Surgical Research 03/2014; · 2.02 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: National guidelines recommend annual Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae screening for sexually active youth at risk for infection. These infections have serious sequelae in women if untreated, and methods to improve testing are needed. We hypothesize that an electronic method of identifying at-risk youth will significantly increase testing for these sexually transmitted infections during emergency department (ED) visits. We developed an audio-enhanced computer-assisted self-interview (ACASI) to obtain sexual histories from ED patients and an embedded decision tree to create a sexually transmitted infection testing recommendation. ED health care providers were prompted by the electronic medical record to review the participant answers and testing recommendations, and to offer testing to at-risk youth. Patients aged 15 to 21 years and visiting the St. Louis Children's Hospital ED, regardless of complaint, were eligible for participation. Sexually transmitted infection testing among all 15- to 21-year-old ED patients increased from 9.3% in the 3 months before the ACASI to 17.8% during the 8-month period the ACASI was available and diminished to 12.4% in the 3 months after ACASI withdrawal (P<.001). During the ACASI period, we approached 51.4% of eligible patients and enrolled 59.8% (800/1,337) of those approached. Among ACASI participants, 52.4% (419/800) received a recommendation to receive sexually transmitted infection testing. Of these patients, 52.7% (221/419) received testing in the ED and 18.1% (40/221) of those tested had positive results for chlamydia or gonorrhea, 55% of whom (22/40) had chief complaints unrelated to sexually transmitted infections. Most participants (89%) rated the ACASI easy to use. Sexually transmitted infection testing in the ED significantly increased during ACASI use and diminished after withdrawal. The ACASI was well accepted by youth and holds promise for enhancing sexually transmitted infection testing in the ED.
    Annals of emergency medicine 03/2014; · 4.23 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective To assess hospital and geographic variability in 30-day mortality after surgery for CRC and examine the extent to which sociodemographic, area-level, clinical, tumor, treatment, and hospital characteristics were associated with increased likelihood of 30-day mortality in a population-based sample of older CRC patients.Data Sources/Study SettingLinked Surveillance Epidemiology End Results (SEER) and Medicare data from 47,459 CRC patients aged 66 years or older who underwent surgical resection between 2000 and 2005, resided in 13,182 census tracts, and were treated in 1,447 hospitals.Study DesignAn observational study using multilevel logistic regression to identify hospital- and patient-level predictors of and variability in 30-day mortality.Data Collection/Extraction Methods We extracted sociodemographic, clinical, tumor, treatment, hospital, and geographic characteristics from Medicare claims, SEER, and census data.Principal FindingsOf 47,459 CRC patients, 6.6 percent died within 30 days following surgery. Adjusted variability in 30-day mortality existed across residential census tracts (predicted mortality range: 2.7–12.3 percent) and hospitals (predicted mortality range: 2.5–10.5 percent). Higher risk of death within 30 days was observed for CRC patients age 85+ (12.7 percent), census-tract poverty rate >20 percent (8.0 percent), two or more comorbid conditions (8.8 percent), stage IV at diagnosis (15.1 percent), undifferentiated tumors (11.6 percent), and emergency surgery (12.8 percent).Conclusions Substantial, but similar variability was observed across census tracts and hospitals in 30-day mortality following surgery for CRC in patients 66 years and older. Risk of 30-day mortality is driven not only by patient and hospital characteristics but also by larger social and economic factors that characterize geographic areas.
    Health Services Research 03/2014; · 2.29 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Comanagement of surgical patients has increased, but information regarding detailed characteristics of patients receiving comanagement during hospitalization for colorectal cancer (CRC) surgery is lacking. To examine the use of and characteristics associated with comanagement of patients hospitalized for CRC surgery. This study used a population-based cross-sectional design. We used the linked 2000 to 2005 Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results and Medicare claims data. We included 37,065 patients aged 66 years or older, hospitalized for definitive CRC surgery following stage I to III diagnosis. The outcome of interest was comanagement during hospitalization for CRC surgery, and we examined the association between several patient and hospital characteristics. Comanagement was defined as having a relevant physician (ie, internal medicine hospitalist/generalist) submit a claim for evaluation and management services on 70% or more of the days of hospitalization of the patient. During hospitalization for CRC surgery, 27.6% of patients were comanaged, but this percentage varied widely across hospitals (from 1.9% to 83.2%). Several patient and hospital characteristics were associated with the use of comanaged care, of which important characteristics included older age at diagnosis, presence of comorbidity, emergency surgery, and hospital volume. Extensive variability existed in comanagement use across patients and hospitals, likely reflecting the lack of evidence for its clinical effectiveness. Journal of Hospital Medicine 2014. © 2014 Society of Hospital Medicine.
    Journal of Hospital Medicine 02/2014; · 1.40 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose Up to 14% of children with epilepsy continue to experience seizures despite having appropriate medical therapy and develop medically refractory epilepsy (MRE) and . Assessing clinical outcomes and therapeutic efficacy in children with MRE undergoing palliative epilepsy surgery has been challenging because of the lack of a quantitative instrument capable of estimating the clinical status of these patients. The ideal instrument would at once consider seizure control, neurodevelopment, caregiver burden, and quality of life. The purpose of this study was to develop and pilot the Pediatric Refractory Epilepsy Questionnaire (PREQ), a quantitative instrument to assess the severity and individual burden of epilepsy in children with MRE undergoing palliative epilepsy treatments. Methods The caregivers of 25 patients with MRE completed the PREQ and the Quality of Life in Childhood Epilepsy (QOLCE) measure and participated in a semistructured interview. Medical records of the patients were reviewed, an Early Childhood Epilepsy Severity Scale (E-CHESS) score was calculated, and a Global Assessment of Severity of Epilepsy (GASE) score was obtained for each patient. Key findings The initial PREQ was modified based on the analysis of responses, association with previously validated scales, comments from caregivers, and expertise of the PREQ panelists. Pediatric Refractory Epilepsy Questionnaire subscale scores were calculated based on clinical paradigm and compared with independent measures of seizure severity and quality of life. Significant correlations were observed between the seizure severity subscale and the GASE score (r = 0.55) and between the mood subscale and the well-being score (r = 0.61) on the QOLCE. Significant correlations were also observed between the caregiver rating of seizure severity and the GASE score (r = 0.53), the social activity score (r = 0.57), and the behavior score (r = 0.43) on the QOLCE. Correlations between the caregiver rating of quality of life and the quality of life score (r = 0.58) and the number of AEDs used (r = 0.45) were also significant. Significance This pilot study is an initial, critical step in the development of the PREQ. The significant correlations between the PREQ subscales and the external epilepsy severity and quality of life measures lend preliminary support to our hypothesis that the PREQ is assessing the severity of epilepsy along with other important domains, such as mood, neurodevelopment, and quality of life. A larger prospective study of this modified PREQ is currently underway to further develop the PREQ.
    Epilepsy & Behavior 01/2014; 37:26–31. · 1.84 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To describe educational outcomes for a national cohort of students who enrolled in MD-PhD programs at medical school matriculation (MD-PhD matriculants). The authors used multivariate logistic regression to identify factors independently associated with overall MD-PhD program attrition (MD-only graduation or medical school withdrawal/dismissal) compared with MD-PhD program graduation among the 1995-2000 national cohort of MD-PhD matriculants at medical schools with and without Medical Scientist Training Program (MSTP) support. Of 2,582 MD-PhD matriculants, 1,885 (73.0%) were MD-PhD graduates, 597 (23.1%) were MD-only graduates, and 100 (3.9%) withdrew/were dismissed from medical school by July 2011. MD-PhD matriculants at non-MSTP-funded schools (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 1.96; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.60-2.41) and who had lower Medical College Admission Test scores (< 31 versus ≥ 36: AOR, 1.60; 95% CI, 1.20-2.14; 31-33 versus ≥ 36: AOR, 1.31; 95% CI, 1.01-1.70) were more likely to leave the MD-PhD program; matriculants who reported greater planned career involvement in research (AOR, 0.65; 95% CI, 0.51-0.84) and matriculated more recently (AOR, 0.90; 95% CI, 0.85-0.96) were less likely to leave the MD-PhD program. Gender, race/ethnicity, and premedical debt were not independently associated with overall MD-PhD program attrition. Most MD-PhD matriculants completed the MD-PhD program; most of those who left were MD-only graduates. Findings regarding variables associated with attrition can inform efforts to recruit and support students through successful completion of MD-PhD program requirements.
    Academic medicine: journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges 11/2013; · 2.34 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: There has been a paucity of interventions developed for African American women to address persistent health disparities between African American and Caucasian breast cancer patients. We developed and piloted a technologically innovative, culturally targeted, cancer-communication intervention for African American breast cancer patients using African American breast cancer survivor stories. We rated 917 clips from a video library of survivors' stories for likability, clarity and length, and emotional impact (scaled responses) and categorized each clip by theme (Coping, Support and Relationships, Healthcare Experiences, Follow-up Care, Quality of Life, and Treatment Side Effects). We selected 207 clips told by 35 survivors (32-68 years old; 4-30 years after diagnosis), fitting one of 12 story topics, for inclusion in the interactive video program loaded onto a touch-screen computer. Videos can be searched by storyteller or story topics; stories with the strongest emotional impact were displayed first in the video program. We pilot tested the video program with ten African American breast cancer survivors (mean age, 54; range 39-68 years), who, after training, watched videos and then evaluated the stories and video-program usability. Survivor stories were found to be "interesting and informative," and usability was rated highly. Participants identified with storytellers (e.g., they "think a lot like me," "have values like mine") and agreed that the stories convinced them to receive recommended surveillance mammograms. This novel, cancer-communication technology using survivor stories was very favorably evaluated by breast cancer survivors and is now being tested in a randomized controlled clinical trial. Breast cancer survivors can draw support and information from a variety of sources, including from other breast cancer survivors. We developed the survivor stories video program specifically for African American survivors to help improve their quality of life and adherence to follow-up care. Breast cancer survivors' experiences with treatment and living with cancer make them especially credible messengers of cancer information. Our novel, interactive technology is being tested in a randomized controlled trial and will be more broadly disseminated to reach a wider audience.
    Journal of Cancer Survivorship 09/2013; · 3.57 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Management of occult primary breast cancer (OPBC), including the role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), is controversial. We conducted a pooled analysis of OPBC patients and a meta-analysis of MRI accuracy in OPBC in order to elucidate current practices. A literature search yielded 201 studies. Patient-level data for clinically/mammographically OPBC from studies published after 1993 and from our institution were pooled; logistic regression examined associations between patient/study data and outcomes, including treatments and recurrence. We report adjusted odds ratios (OR) and 95 % confidence intervals (95 % CI) significant at 2-tailed p < 0.05. Meta-analysis included data for patients who received MRIs for workup of clinically/mammographically OPBC. We report pooled sensitivity and specificity with 95 % CIs. The pooled analysis included 92 patients (15 studies [n = 85] plus our institution [n = 7]). Patients from Asia were more likely to receive breast surgery (OR = 5.98, 95 % CI = 2.02-17.65) but not chemotherapy (OR = 0.32, 95 % CI = 0.13-0.82); patients from the United States were more likely to receive chemotherapy (OR = 13.08, 95 % CI = 2.64-64.78). Patients from studies published after 2003 were more likely to receive radiotherapy (OR = 3.86, 95 % CI = 1.41-10.55). Chemotherapy recipients were more likely to have distant recurrence (OR = 9.77, 95 % CI = 1.10-87.21). More patients with positive MRIs received chemotherapy than patients with negative MRIs (10 of 12 [83.3 %] vs 5 of 13 [38.5 %]; p = 0.0414). In the MRI-accuracy meta-analysis (10 studies, n = 262), pooled sensitivity and specificity were 96 % (95 % CI = 91-98 %) and 63 % (95 % CI = 42-81 %), respectively. OPBC management varied geographically and over time. We recommend establishing an international OPBC patient registry to facilitate longitudinal study and develop global treatment standards.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 08/2013; · 4.12 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The prevalence of hearing loss (HL) in adolescents has grown over the past decade, but hearing-related quality of life (QOL) has not been well-measured. We sought to develop a reliable, valid measure of hearing-related QOL for adolescents, the Hearing Environments And Reflection on Quality of Life (HEAR-QL). Multi-site observational study. Adolescents with HL and siblings without HL were recruited from five centers. Participants completed the HEAR-QL and validated questionnaires measuring generic pediatric QOL (PedsQL), depression and anxiety (RCADS-25), and hearing-related QOL for adults (HHIA) to determine construct and discriminant validity. Participants completed the HEAR-QL two weeks later for test-retest reliability. We used exploratory principal components analysis to determine the HEAR-QL factor structure and measured reliability. Sensitivity and specificity of the HEAR-QL, PedsQL, HHIA and RCADS-25 were assessed. We compared scores on all surveys between those with normal hearing, unilateral and bilateral HL. 233 adolescents (13-18 years old) participated-179 with HL, 54 without HL. The original 45-item HEAR-QL was shortened to 28 items after determining factor structure. The resulting HEAR-QL-28 demonstrated excellent reliability (Cronbach's alpha= 0.95) and construct validity (HHIA: r =.845, PedsQL: r =.587; RCADS-25: r =.433). The HEAR-QL-28 displayed excellent discriminant validity, with higher area under the curve (0.932) than the PedsQL (0.597) or RCADS-25 (0.529). Teens with bilateral HL using hearing devices reported worse QOL on the HEAR-QL and HHIA than peers with HL not using devices. The HEAR-QL is a sensitive, reliable and valid measure of hearing-related QOL for adolescents. 2b (Diagnostic validation study, see http://www.cebm.net/index.aspx?o=1025) Laryngoscope, 2013.
    The Laryngoscope 07/2013; · 1.98 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Management of occult primary breast cancer (OPBC), that is, breast cancer that first presents through regional nodal or distant disease without clinical or mammographic evidence of disease in the breast, has been controversial and inconsistent. Here, we review OPBC patients treated at our institution. We conducted a retrospective review of women diagnosed with a first primary breast cancer between March 1999 and September 2010 to identify patients who presented with isolated axillary lymphadenopathy proven to be histologically consistent with primary breast malignancy but had no evidence of a breast mass on physical examination, mammography, or ultrasound. Descriptions of treatments received, recurrence, morbidity, and mortality as of October 2012 are reported. Of 5533 patients reviewed, seven (0.1%) patients were identified. The median age was 65 y old (range, 40-72), and the median length of follow-up was 86 mo (range, 42-124). Four patients underwent modified radical mastectomy, one patient had a lumpectomy and axillary lymph node dissection, and two patients had axillary lymph node dissection without breast surgery. Four patients received adjuvant radiation therapy. All seven patients received chemotherapy. Three patients received endocrine therapy, and two patients received anti-HER2 therapy. At the last follow-up, all seven patients were alive with no evidence of disease. Although there was some variation in the management of OPBC at our institution, our patients had excellent outcomes after multimodal treatment. Our results support a curative intent approach to the treatment of OPBC and illustrate the need for individualized treatment algorithms based on tumor biology and extent of the disease at diagnosis.
    Journal of Surgical Research 07/2013; · 2.02 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: Variables associated with levels of, and change in, social support were identified in a cohort of early stage breast cancer patients and age-matched controls. Method: Telephone interviews measuring perceived social support and other demographic and psychosocial variables were conducted at 4 to 6 weeks and 6, 12, and 24 months after surgery (patients) or a normal/benign screening mammogram (controls). We modeled the intercept (starting point) and slope (changing) aspects of social support. Results: Participants included 542 controls and 541 patients (77% White, 23% African American; mean age 57.7 years [SD = 10.6]). Most participants reported high social support. Patients reported significantly higher levels of social support at baseline than controls. For patients, social support had a significant negative slope that significantly varied between individuals; the intercept of social support also varied significantly. Predictors of lower social support intercept in patients included not being married/partnered, being White, having lower perceived general health, and having higher negative affect (a latent variable defined by anxiety and depression symptom severity). Patients who were African American (vs. White) or had mastectomy (vs. lumpectomy) had steeper social support declines, and participants with both these characteristics had lower starting points as well as steeper declines. Social support among controls did not change significantly. Conclusions: Clinicians might consider psychosocial interventions for patients reporting low social support around the time of diagnosis and surgical treatment, and for patients at risk for steeper declines in support, such as African Americans and women undergoing mastectomy. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved).
    Health Psychology 03/2013; · 3.95 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The incidence of skin cancer has increased in the United States, concomitant with increased UV radiation (UVR) exposure among young adults. We examined whether tanning facilities in Missouri, a state without indoor-tanning regulations, acted in accordance with the Food and Drug Administration's recommendations and consistently imparted information to potential clients about the known risks of UVR. We conducted a statewide telephone survey of randomly selected tanning facilities in Missouri. Each tanning facility was surveyed twice, in the morning (7 am-3 pm) and evening (3-10 pm), on different days, to determine intrasalon consistency of information provided to potential clients at different times. On average, 65% of 243 tanning-facility operators would allow children as young as 10 or 12 years old to use indoor-tanning devices, 80% claimed that indoor tanning would prevent future sunburns, and 43% claimed that there were no risks associated with indoor tanning. Intrasalon inconsistencies involved allowable age of use, and UVR exposure type and duration. Morning tanning-facility employees were more likely to allow consumers to start with maximum exposure times and UV-A-emitting devices (P < .001), whereas evening employees were more likely to allow 10- or 12-year-old children to use indoor-tanning devices (P = .008). Despite increasing evidence that UVR exposure in indoor-tanning devices is associated with skin cancer, ocular damage, and premature photoaging, tanning facilities in Missouri often misinformed consumers regarding these risks and lack of health benefits and inconsistently provided information about the Food and Drug Administration's guidelines for tanning devices.
    PEDIATRICS 03/2013; 131(3):415-22. · 4.47 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Breast cancer survivors who consume alcohol excessively are at increased risk of recurrence and have worse prognosis. Because the environments in which people live shape many health behaviors, there has been increased attention to how neighborhood environments (eg, alcohol outlet availability) may influence alcohol consumption. The authors hypothesized that proximity to alcohol outlets increases the likelihood of excessive consumption (ie, more than 1 drink/day) among breast cancer survivors independent of their personal or neighborhood characteristics. With the Missouri Cancer Registry, the authors conducted a cross-sectional study of 1047 female breast cancer survivors (aged 27-96 years) 1 year after diagnosis. Using telephone interviews, the authors obtained data regarding survivors' alcohol consumption during the past 30 days and several covariates of alcohol use. They also obtained street addresses of all licensed alcohol outlets in Missouri and calculated the road network distance between a participant's address of residence and the nearest alcohol outlet, using a geographic information system. Logistic regression was used to determine if distance was independently associated with excessive alcohol consumption. Eighteen percent of participants reported consuming more than 1 drink on average per day. Women who lived within 3 miles of the nearest outlet were more likely to report excessive alcohol consumption (odds ratio: 2.09; 95% confidence interval: 1.08, 4.05) than women who lived at least 3 miles from the nearest outlet in adjusted analysis. Opportunities exist to reduce excessive alcohol use among breast cancer survivors through policy (eg, restricting number of alcohol outlets) and behavioral (eg, counseling) interventions.
    Journal of primary care & community health. 01/2013; 4(1):50-58.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: An estimated 2.8 million cancer survivors reside in rural areas in the United States. We compared the risk behaviors, psychosocial factors, health outcomes, quality of life, and follow-up care of rural and urban cancer survivors in Missouri. We used 2009-2010 Missouri Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data to examine various health outcomes, behaviors, and psychosocial factors among rural and urban cancer survivors and their respective rural and urban counterparts without a cancer history. Cancer survivors also were asked about receipt of survivorship care plan components. Sociodemographic factors, access to medical care, and chronic conditions were examined as potential explanatory factors for differences among the 4 groups. An estimated 9.4% of rural and 7.9% of urban Missourians aged 18 years or older reported a cancer history. Rural survivors reported the highest rates of poor self-reported health, physical distress, and activity limitation; however differences between rural and urban survivors were attributable largely to sociodemographic differences. Both rural and urban cancer survivors reported more fatigue than their respective counterparts without a cancer history. Rural survivors also were less likely to meet Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommendations for physical activity than their rural controls. The prevalence of smoking among rural survivors was higher than among urban survivors. Only 62% of rural survivors versus 78% of urban survivors reported receiving advice about cancer follow-up care. Rural cancer survivors face many health challenges. Interventions to improve quality of life and health behaviors should be adapted to meet the needs of rural cancer survivors.
    Preventing chronic disease 01/2013; 10:E152. · 1.82 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

1k Citations
522.64 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2003–2014
    • Washington University in St. Louis
      • • Department of Medicine
      • • Division of Health Behavior
      • • Department of Pediatrics
      San Luis, Missouri, United States
    • Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania
      • Division of Sleep Medicine
      Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
  • 1997–2013
    • University of Washington Seattle
      • • Division of Dermatology
      • • Department of Surgery
      • • Department of Medicine
      • • Department of Pediatrics
      • • Division of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
      Seattle, WA, United States
  • 2012
    • The Ohio State University
      Columbus, Ohio, United States
    • University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
      • Clinical Sciences (within Basic Sciences)
      Dallas, TX, United States
  • 2011
    • Washington & Lee University
      Lexington, Virginia, United States
  • 2003–2011
    • Barnes Jewish Hospital
      • Alvin J. Siteman Cancer Center
      San Luis, Missouri, United States
  • 2009
    • Vanderbilt University
      • Department of Surgery
      Nashville, MI, United States
  • 2005–2007
    • Saint Louis University
      • • Center for Outcomes Research
      • • Department of Internal Medicine
      Saint Louis, MI, United States
  • 1999
    • Gazi University
      • Faculty of Medicine
      Ankara, Ankara, Turkey