[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Pneumobilia is described as occurrence of free air in the gallbladder or biliary tree. There are a number of causes of pneumobilia, including surgically created biliary enteric fistula, instrumentation of the bile duct on endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, emphysematous cholecystitis, and pyogenic cholangitis. Pneumobilia has also occurred following blunt abdominal trauma, but to date, no more than five cases of such injury have been reported in the literature. In this report, we present a patient struck by a motor vehicle with traumatic pneumobilia following blunt trauma to the abdomen, which was managed conservatively.
Ulusal travma ve acil cerrahi dergisi = Turkish journal of trauma & emergency surgery: TJTES 07/2011; 17(4):363-4. · 0.34 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Among appendicitis patients pregnant ones occupy only a small proportion. Still there are difficulties in the diagnosis and management of the acute appendicitis in pregnant population. We tried to find answers to these difficulties with our acute appendicitis cases in pregnant patients.
This study involved 46 pregnant patients who received an operation following diagnosis of acute appendicitis in our clinic from 2006 to 2009. Data were collected retrospectively from medical records. Age, time delay to diagnosis, leukocyte count (WBC), gestational age, gestational history, morbidity-mortality and pathology results were evaluated.
The mean age of patients, gestational age and number of prior pregnancies were 26, 21 and 2.6, respectively. The amount of time spent in the hospital, from presentation of first symptom to admission, was approximately 40 hours (range 6-120). The mean time from admission to operation was 5.89 (range 1-32) hours. The perforation rate among our cases was 21%. The negative appendectomy rate was 13%. The perforation rate was associated with advanced gestational age and delayed admission to the hospital (p ≤ 0.001 and p = 0.027, respectively).
The diagnosis of appendicitis in pregnancy is difficult, and the perforation rate is high. Particularly in term pregnancies, we recommend performing appendectomy immediately after cesarean section.
Wiener klinische Wochenschrift 12/2010; 122(23-24):686-90. · 0.81 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In previous studies, it has been demonstrated that Nigella Sativa (NS) has protective effects against ischemia reperfusion injury on various organs. However, its protective effects on intestinal tissue against ischemia reperfusion injury are unclear. We aimed to determine whether NS prevents intestinal ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats.
Thirty rats were divided into three groups as sham (group 1), control (group 2), and NS-treatment group (group 3). All rats underwent intestinal ischemia for 60 min followed by a 60-min period of reperfusion. Rats were intraperitoneally infused only 0.9% saline solutions in group 2. Rats in the group 3 received NS (0,2 mL/kg) intraperitoneally, before ischemia and before reperfusion. Total antioxidant capacity (TAC), catalase (CAT), total oxidative status (TOS), oxidative stress index (OSI), and myeloperoxidase (MPO) in ileum tissue were measured. Also, ileum tissue histopathology was evaluated by a light microscope.
The levels of liver enzymes in group 3 were significantly lower than those in group 2 (p <.01). TAC and CAT activity levels in ileum tissue were significantly higher in group 3 than in group 2. TOS, OSI, and MPO in ileum tissue were significantly lower in group 3 than group 2 (p <.05 for TOS and MPO; p < .01 for OSI). Histological tissue damage was milder in the NS treatment group than in the control group.
Our results suggest that NS treatment protected the rat's intestinal tissue against intestinal ischemia-reperfusion injury.
Journal of Investigative Surgery 02/2010; 23(1):21-7. · 1.32 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Ischemia-reperfusion, commonly seen in the fields of trauma surgery and renal transplantation, is a major cause of acute kidney injury and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The protective effects of Nigella sativa against ischemia-perfusion damage to various organs have been previously documented. However, its protective effects on kidney tissue against ischemia-reperfusion injury are unclear. In this study, we aimed to examine the effect of Nigella sativa in modulating inflammation and apoptosis after renal I/R injury.
Thirty male Wistar-albino rats were divided into three groups: sham-operated, ischemia-reperfusion, and ischemia-reperfusion + Nigella sativa. Rats in the third group were given Nigella sativa 6 h prior to ischemia-reperfusion and at the beginning of reperfusion. All rats except those in the sham-operated group underwent 45 min of bilateral renal ischemia followed by 45 min of reperfusion. Blood samples and liver tissues were harvested from the rats, and then rats were sacrificed. Serum urea and creatinine levels were determined. Total antioxidant capacity (TAC), catalase (CAT), total oxidant status (TOS), oxidative stress index (OSI), and myeloperoxidase (MPO) in kidney tissue and blood were measured. Kidney tissue histopathology was also evaluated. Results. Nigella sativa was effective in reducing serum urea and creatinine levels as well as decreasing the tubular necrosis score. Nigella sativa treatment significantly reduced OSI and TOS levels and increased TAC levels in both kidney tissue and blood.
The observed differences seem to demonstrate the protective effect of Nigella sativa against renal I/R injury in rat kidneys.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Nigella sativa (NS) has been shown to have antioxidant and antiinflammatory activities in different conditions. The goal of this study was to evaluate the effects of NS on cholestatic liver injury in rats. Thirty rats were recruited in the study as follows: Group 1, Bile duct ligation (BDL) (n = 10); Group 2, BDL plus NS (n = 10); and Group 3, Sham (n = 10). Bile duct ligated group received 0.2 mL kg(-1) dose of NS intraperitoneally daily throughout 14 days. Liver damage and cholestasis were determined by the biochemical and the pathologic examination. Data showed a decrease in gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activities of the NS treated rats when compared with BDL group (p < 0.001 for GGT and p < 0.05 for others). The NS treated rats' tissue levels of total oxidant status (TOS), oxidative stress index (OSI), and myeloperoxidase (MPO) were significantly lower than that of the BDL group (p < 0.01 for all). Increases in total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and catalase (CAT) levels were statistically significant in the NS treated rats compared to BDL group (p < 0.01 for both). On the other hand, administration of NS in the rats with biliary obstruction resulted in inhibition of necro-inflammation. These results indicate that NS exerts a therapeutic effect on cholestatic liver injury in bile duct ligated rats possibly through attenuation of enhanced neutrophil infiltration and oxidative stress in the liver tissue.
Cell Biochemistry and Function 01/2010; 28(1):83-8. · 1.85 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The prevalence of sexual dysfunction is high among women; however, sexual dysfunction secondary to anatomical deformity in women is rare. In addition, primary retroperitoneal leiomyomas are very rare clinical conditions.
To present a case with sexual dysfunction secondary to anatomical deformity.
In this article, we report the case of a large retroperitoneal leiomyoma causing sexual dysfunction.
After the surgical removal of the large retroperitoneal mass, previous intercourse difficulties had been resolved.
Retroperitoneal tumors may obstruct the vagina by congesting the pelvic area and may be considered as a possible cause of female sexual dysfunction.
Journal of Sexual Medicine 10/2009; 6(11):3221-3. · 3.51 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Flavonoids have been subjected to considerable investigations due to their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Yet the effects of flavonoids on the ileum and spleen against hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury have so far not been addressed.
We aimed to investigate whether micronized purified flavonoid fraction (MPFF) protects the ileum and spleen against hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury.
Rats were subjected to hepatic ischemia by clamping the hilar area of the rats for 60 min, followed by 60 min of reperfusion. Rats in the treatment group were treated with MPFF (80 mg/kg/day) by gavage for 3 days before surgery, 30 min prior to ischemia and just before the reperfusion. After the reperfusion period, all rats were sacrificed. Ileal and splenic tissues were taken for histological evaluation and determination of the total antioxidant capacity (TAC), catalase, total oxidant status (TOS), oxidative stress index (OSI) and myeloperoxidase (MPO) levels.
TAC levels in the splenic tissue and intestinal tissue were significantly higher in the treatment group than in the control group (P < 0.01 for both). TOS, OSI, and MPO in splenic tissue (P < 0.01, P < 0.05, and P < 0.05, respectively) and intestinal tissue (P < 0.01, P < 0.01, and P < 0.001, respectively) were significantly lower in the treatment group than in the control group. Histological tissue damage of intestinal tissue was milder in the treatment group than in the control group.
The results of this study indicated that MPFF pretreatment significantly limited the injury to the small intestine and spleen induced by hepatic ischemia-reperfusion in rats.
Digestive Diseases and Sciences 10/2009; 55(8):2237-43. · 2.26 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine whether resveratrol could prevent intestinal tissue injury induced by ischemia-reperfusion (I/R).
Intestinal I/R was induced in rats' intestines by 60-min occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery, followed by a 60-min reperfusion. Thirty rats were divided into three groups as follows: sham (group 1), control (group 2), and the treatment groups (group 3). The rats in the treatment group received resveratrol both before ischemia and before reperfusion. In all groups, serum aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, and lactate dehydrogenase levels were determined. Total antioxidant capacity (TAC), catalase, total oxidative status (TOS), oxidative stress index (OSI), and myeloperoxidase (MPO) in the intestinal tissue were measured. Intestinal tissue histopathology was also evaluated by light microscopy.
The levels of liver enzymes in group 3 were significantly lower than those in group 2 (P < 0.05). TAC in the intestinal tissue was significantly higher in group 3 than in group 2 (P < 0.05). TOS, OSI, and MPO in the intestinal tissue were significantly lower in group 3 than in group 2 (P < 0.05 for all). Histological tissue damage was milder in the resveratrol treatment group than in the control group.
The results of this study indicated that resveratrol treatment limits the oxidative injury of the small intestine induced by I/R in rats. However, more precise investigations are required to evaluate the antioxidative effect of resveratrol on small intestine tissue damage in clinical and experimental models.
Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 09/2009; 24(11):1781-5. · 3.33 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The study was planned to evaluate the depth of natal cleft in patients with pilonidal sinus disease and in healthy persons.
The study included 50 patients with pilonidal sinus disease and 51 volunteers. Data including body mass index and natal cleft depth were recorded. Natal cleft depth was measured in millimeters by using a caliper instrument. Data were evaluated with the use of the statistical package program (SPSS) with a chi-squared test analysis. P < 0.01 was evaluated as significant.
There was no discernable difference in age, occupation, and sex between the groups. The mean natal cleft depth was 27.06 mm in the pilonidal sinus group and 21.07 in the nonpilonidal sinus group. The differences between the two groups were statistically significant (P < 0.01) for natal cleft depth. The mean body mass index was 25.71 in the pilonidal sinus group and 25.28 in the nonpilonidal sinus group. The difference between groups was statistically insignificant for body mass index.
The natal cleft of patients with pilonidal sinus disease is deeper than the natal cleft of members of the volunteer group.
Diseases of the Colon & Rectum 05/2009; 52(5):1000-2. · 3.34 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To compare 2 laparoscopic appendectomy techniques.
We describe a modified technique, the handmade endoloop technique, for closing the base of the appendix. This prospective study was carried out at Harran University Medical Faculty, Sanliurfa, and Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Ankara, Turkey from September 2006 to February 2008. We evaluated the safety and efficacy of the procedure in 98 acute appendicitis cases: 57 patients handmade endoloop patients, and 41 endoloop technique patients. Operative time, postoperative complications, need for analgesics, and procedure cost were measured for both groups. The endoloops and sutures used to manage appendectomy were listed at current prices, summarized as number consumed per case, and compared. Data were analyzed by appropriate test.
The average price of material used for closing the base of appendix was 81 American Dollars (USD) for laparoscopic appendectomy with endoloop, and 8 USD for the technique described by this article. Overall, postoperative complications, operative time, and the need for analgesia did not show a statistical difference in comparing both groups.
This procedure is simple, safe, and cheap.
Saudi medical journal 03/2009; 30(2):224-7. · 0.62 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Laparoscopy is an essential part of our armamentarium in certain conditions and has been recently begun to be used on acute abdominal peritonitis effectively and frequently by surgeons. But, there is still a debate on laparoscopic management of surgical emergencies. The aim of the current study is to evaluate the safety and efficiency of laparoscopy and its role in patients with acute abdominal emergencies retrospectively.
From May 2002 to May 2006, 147 patients with provisional diagnosis of acute abdomen were operated laparoscopically (68 suspected lower quadrant peritonitis, 17 gastroduodenal perforated ulcers, and 62 cholecystitis).
A definitive diagnosis was accomplished in 93.1% (137 patients) of the cases and 85.7% (126) of the patients were successfully treated by emergent laparoscopy. An unnecessary laparotomy was avoided in 17.0% (24 women and 1 man) of the patients. The conversion rate was 14.2%. The morbidity rate was 4.0% with a postoperative mortality rate of 0.68%. After a mean period of 16.2 months, postoperative evolutions of patients were satisfactory.
Laparoscopic surgery, with high diagnostic accuracy and therapeutic capabilities, can be safely and effectively applied to the patients with acute abdominal emergencies in experienced hands. We believe that laparoscopy is a valuable way to prevent unnecessary laparotomies when routine investigations fail to identify the cause. This technique can be widely used in abdominal emergencies with increasing experience, but further studies are required to definitively establish its role in acute abdominal disorders.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) has been subjected to considerable investigations that have revealed its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities in different conditions. But there is not a previous investigation about its effect on cholestatic liver injury. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of CAPE in rat liver against cholestatic liver injury induced by bile duct ligation.
Swiss-albino rats were recruited in the study as follows; Group 1 rats subjected to simple laparotomy known as the sham group; Group 2 rats subjected to bile duct ligation (BDL); Group 3 bile duct ligated rats treated with CAPE. The third group received CAPE (10 micromol/kg) intraperitoneally daily throughout 14 d.
Data showed a decrease in gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and alanine aminotransferase levels (ALT) of the CAPE treated rats, compared with BDL group (P < 0.001, P < 0.01, and P < 0.02, respectively). In the CAPE treated rats, tissue levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) and myeloperoxidase (MPO) were significantly lower than that of the BDL group (P < 0.001). The levels of glutathione (GSH) in CAPE treated rats were significantly higher than that of BDL group (P < 0.001). In CAPE treated group, the levels of interleukin-1alpha (IL-1alpha) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were significantly lower than that of BDL group (P < 0.03, P < 0.02, respectively). Administration of CAPE in the rats with biliary obstruction resulted in inhibition of necro-inflammation.
These results suggest that treatment of CAPE maintains antioxidant defenses, reduces oxidative liver injury, cytokine damage, and necro-inflammation in bile duct ligated rats. Thus, CAPE seems to be a promising agent for the attenuation of cholestatic liver injury.
Journal of Surgical Research 11/2008; 159(2):674-9. · 2.02 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To determine whether Nigella sativa prevents hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury to the liver.
Thirty rats were divided into three groups as sham (Group 1), control (Group 2), and Nigella sativa (NS) treatment group (Group 3). All rats underwent hepatic ischemia for 45 min followed by 60 min period of reperfusion. Rats were intraperitoneally infused with only 0.9% saline solution in group 2. Rats in group 3 received NS (0.2 mL/kg) intraperitoneally, before ischemia and before reperfusion. Blood samples and liver tissues were harvested from the rats, and then the rats were sacrificed. Serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels were determined. Total antioxidant capacity (TAC), catalase (CAT), total oxidative status (TOS), oxidative stress index (OSI) and myeloperoxidase (MPO) in hepatic tissue were measured. Also liver tissue histopathology was evaluated by light microscopy.
The levels of liver enzymes in group 3 were significantly lower than those in the group 2. TAC in liver tissue was significantly higher in group 3 than in group 2. TOS, OSI and MPO in hepatic tissue were significantly lower in group 3 than the group 2. Histological tissue damage was milder in the NS treatment group than that in the control group.
Our results suggest that Nigella sativa treatment protects the rat liver against to hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury.
World Journal of Gastroenterology 10/2008; 14(33):5204-9. · 2.55 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the efficacy of resection and primary anastomosis (RPA) and RPA with modified blow-hole colostomy for sigmoid volvulus.
From March 2000 to September 2007, 77 patients with acute sigmoid volvulus were treated. A total of 47 patients underwent RPA or RPA with modified blow-hole colostomy. Twenty-five patients received RPA (Group A), and the remaining 22 patients had RPA with modified blow-hole colostomy (Group B). The clinical course and postoperative complications of the two groups were compared.
The mean hospital stay, wound infection and mortality did not differ significantly between the groups. Superficial wound infection rate was higher in group A (32% vs 9.1%). Anastomotic leakage was observed only in group A, with a rate of 6.3%. The difference was numerically impressive but was statistically not significant.
RPA with modified blow-hole colostomy provides satisfactory results. It is easy to perform and may become a method of choice in patients with sigmoid volvulus. Further studies are required to further establish its role in the treatment of sigmoid volvulus.
World Journal of Gastroenterology 10/2008; 14(36):5590-4; discussion 5593. · 2.55 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We aimed at treating complicated pilonidal sinus (PS) patients by a simple and effective surgical procedure.
Between 2000 and 2004, 24 selected complicated PS patients were treated with 'limited separate elliptical excision and primary closure'. Patients with extensive or bilateral gluteal involvement, having more lateral, caudal or cephalic sinuses, multiple recurrences and unhealed chronic wounds after pilonidal surgery were included. Asymmetric excision and primary closure was performed to main diseased tissue in the midline. Additionally, small separate elliptical excisions with primary closure were performed in other involved tissues. The fistula tract or granulation tissue were excised subcutaneously if present. All patients were operated under local anaesthesia. The fascial attachments between the skin and coccyx were released at the deep point in the midline and at one side of wound. Suction drains and prophylactic antibiotics were used; subcutaneous tissues were closed with running polyglactin sutures and skin with polypropylene subcutaneously.
The mean age of patients was 28.4 years (range 18-38). The mean follow-up time was 2.8 years. One recurrence, one seroma, one wound infection and one wound breakdown were recorded. Healing was always by first intention except in patients with wound infection and breakdown.
Most of the complicated PS patients can be operated with acceptable rates of recurrences and complications by using 'limited separate elliptical excisions with primary closure'.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Amyand’s hernia is an inguinal hernia with an appendix involved. It is a rare condition. Perforated appendicitis is much less common in this situation and very few cases have been reported in the literature. Preoperative diagnosis is difficult. If additional pathologies exist, the diagnosis is more troublesome. We aimed to present a patient with Amyand’s hernia mimicking acute scrotum which is rare in the literature.
European Journal of General Medicine (ISSN: 1304-3897) Vol 6 Num 2.