Yasumitsu Moriya

Kyushu University, Hukuoka, Fukuoka, Japan

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Publications (33)75.65 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: A precise preoperative diagnosis of 'very early' lung carcinoma may identify patients who can undergo curative surgery with limited resections. Data from a multi-institutional project were collected on 1737 patients who had undergone limited resections (segmentectomy or wedge resection) for T1N0M0 non-small-cell carcinomas. As it was expected, this study was predominantly including ground glass nodules. Computed tomography was used to obtain the ratio of consolidation to the maximal tumour diameter to determine invasive potential of the tumours. Overall and disease-free survivals and recurrence-free proportions were analysed. Median age was 64 years. Mean maximal diameter of the tumours was 1.4 ± 0.5 cm. Overall and recurrence-free survivals after limited lung resection were 94.0 and 91.1% at 5 years, respectively. Recurrence-free proportions were 93.7% at 5 years. Unfavourable prognostic factors in overall survival were lymph node metastasis, interstitial pneumonia, male gender, older age, comorbidities (cardiac disease, diabetes etc.) and consolidation/tumour ratio (C/T) ≤ 0.25. C/T ≤ 0.25 predicted good outcomes especially in cT1aN0M0 disease. In a subclass analysis of cT1N0M0 squamous cell carcinomas, wedge resection was the only unfavourable prognostic factor in both overall and disease-free survivals. If the patient was 75 years old or younger and was judged fit for lobectomy, limited resection for cStage I non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) showed excellent outcomes and was not inferior to the reported results of lobectomy for small-sized NSCLC. The carcinomas with C/T ≤ 0.25 rarely recur and are especially good candidates for limited resection.
    European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery: official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery 04/2014; · 2.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the relevance of surgery in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with ipsilateral pulmonary metastases. METHODS: The clinical records of 1,623 consecutive NSCLC patients who underwent surgery between 1990 and 2007 were retrospectively reviewed. Overall, 161 (9.9 %) and 21 (1.3 %) patients had additional nodules in the same lobe as the primary lesion (PM1) and additional nodules in the ipsilateral different lobe (PM2), respectively. RESULTS: The 5-year survival rate was 54.4 % in the PM1 patients and 19.3 % in the PM2 patients (log-rank test: p = 0.001). Tumor size ≤3 cm, N0-1 status and surgical procedures less extensive than bilobectomy were identified as favorable prognostic factors in the PM1 patients. The 5-year survival rate in the PM1-N0-1 patients was 68.7 %, while that in the PM1-N2-3 patients was 29.1 % (p < 0.0001). Compared to the non-PM1 stage IIIA patients, the stage IIIA patients with PM1 disease (PM1-N1) tended to experience longer survival times (p = 0.06). Squamous cell types and bilobectomy or more extensive procedures were found to be unfavorable factors in the PM2 patients. The survival of the PM2 patients was significantly worse than that of the other T4 patients (p = 0.007). CONCLUSIONS: PM1 patients with N0-1 disease are good candidates for surgery, whereas PM2 patients do not appear to benefit from surgery.
    Surgery Today 12/2012; · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: We retrospectively investigated whether histological cell type could affect patient prognosis for each stage according to the seventh edition of the TNM classification.Patients and methods: Clinical records of 1623 consecutive non-small cell lung cancer patients who underwent surgery between 1990 and 2007 were retrospectively reviewed. Over 92% of these patients had either adenocarcinoma (Ad; n = 1043, 64.3%) or squamous cell carcinoma (Sq; n = 452, 27.9%).Results: The overall 5-year survival rates for patients of all stages with Ad, Sq, large cell carcinoma (La), and adenosquamous cell carcinoma (As) were 67%, 56%, 58%, and 41%, respectively. Ad patients experienced better survival than Sq, As, or La patients (HR: 0.66, P < 0.0001; HR: 0.38, P = 0.011; HR: 0.69, P = 0.057, respectively). Stage IA Ad patients experienced better survival than stage IA Sq patients (5-year survival; Ad/Sq = 91%/78%, log-rank test, P = 0.001). Such a difference was also observed among seventh-edition TNM stage IB patients (5-year survival; Ad/Sq = 78%/64%, log-rank test, P = 0.048), but not for sixth-edition stage IB patients. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that histological cell type is a significant prognostic factor among stage I ≥ T1b Ad and Sq patients.Conclusions: Survival after complete resection of new stage I ≥ T1b Sq patients is significantly worse than that of Ad patients, which could be partially attributed to stage migration effect in stage IB disease between the sixth and seventh editions of the TNM staging system.
    Thoracic Cancer 08/2012; 3(3):249-254. · 0.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The intravenous administration of α-Galactosylceramide (α-GalCer)-pulsed antigen presenting cells (APCs) is well tolerated and the increased IFN-γ producing cells in the peripheral blood after the treatment appeared to be associated with prolonged survival. An exploratory study protocol was designed with the preoperative administration of α-GalCer-pulsed APCs to clarify the mechanisms of these findings, while especially focusing on the precise tumor site. Patients with operable advanced lung cancer received an intravenous injection of α-GalCer-pulsed APCs before surgery. The resected lung and tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) as well as peripheral blood mononuclear cells were collected and the invariant NKT (iNKT) cell-specific immune responses were analyzed. Four patients completed the study protocol. We observed a significant increase in iNKT cell numbers in the TILs and augmented IFN-γ production by the α-GalCer-stimulated TILs. The administration of α-GalCer-pulsed APCs successfully induced the dramatic infiltration and activation of iNKT cells in the tumor microenvironment.
    Journal of Clinical Immunology 04/2012; 32(5):1071-81. · 3.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 32-year-old woman with ocular-typed myasthenia gravis (MG) without thymoma was admitted to the hospital to undergo surgical treatment. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) extended thymectomy was successfully performed with three small ports using manual manipulators, the Radius Surgical System (RSS). The device may facilitate many degrees of freedom to general thoracic surgery.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 12/2011; 92(6):2246-8. · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Analysis of the microRNA (miRNA) expression signature of lung squamous cell carcinoma (lung-SCC) revealed that the expression levels of miR-133a were significantly reduced in cancer tissues compared with normal tissues. In this study, we focused on the functional significance of miR-133a in cancer cell lines derived from lung-SCC and the identification of miR-133a-regulated novel cancer networks in lung-SCC. Restoration of miR-133a expression in PC10 and H157 cell lines resulted in significant inhibition of cell proliferation, suggesting that miR-133a functions as a tumor suppressor. We used genome-wide gene expression analysis to identify the molecular targets of miR-133a regulation. Gene expression data and web-based searching revealed several candidate genes, including transgelin 2 (TAGLN2), actin-related protein2/3 complex, subunit 5, 16kDa (ARPC5), LAG1 homolog, ceramide synthase 2 (LASS2) and glutathione S-transferase pi 1 (GSTP1). ARPC5 and GSTP1 likely represent bona fide targets as their expression is elevated in lung-SCC clinical specimens. Furthermore, transient transfection of miR-133a, repressed ARPC5 and GSTP1 mRNA and protein levels. As cell proliferation was significantly inhibited in lung-SCC cells following RNAi knock down of either gene, ARPC5 and GSTP1 may function as oncogenes in the development of lung-SCC. The identification of a tumor suppressive miRNA and the novel cancer pathways it regulates could provide new insights into potential molecular mechanisms of lung-SCC carcinogenesis.
    Journal of Human Genetics 11/2011; 57(1):38-45. · 2.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We herein report a case of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) that appeared to be related to a granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF)-producing lung cancer. A 77-year-old man with arterial sclerotic obstruction (ASO) underwent reconstructive surgery of the left femoral artery. He developed ARDS on the 5th postoperative day, which resolved following mechanical ventilation with steroid pulse treatment. Four months later, he was admitted with a fever and right arm pain. Chest computed tomography showed a malignant lesion in the right apical lung, and percutaneous needle biopsy demonstrated adenocarcinoma. Laboratory data revealed neutrophilia with elevated serum G-CSF levels. He underwent a right upper lobectomy with chest wall resection, and administration of sivelestat sodium to treat his postoperative pre-acute lung injury state. Pathology revealed a G-CSF-producing pleomorphic carcinoma. Retrospectively, a tumor shadow was noted on chest X-ray at the time of ARDS just after ASO surgery. The relationship between an abnormal G-CSF level and ARDS was considered, and the implications are herein discussed.
    Surgery Today 08/2011; 41(8):1161-5. · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDAR) act as tumor suppressors of digestive malignancies. The expression and genetic methylation patterns of NMDAR2B in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are unknown. The relationship between gene methylation and expression of NMDAR2B was analyzed in NSCLC cell lines (N = 9) and clinical tissues (N = 216). The cell lines were studied using RT-PCR and 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine treatment, while the clinical tissues were examined by methylation specific real-time quantitative PCR and immunohistochemistry. Retrospective investigation of patient records was used to determine the clinical significance of NMDAR2B methylation. NMDAR2B was silenced in five of the nine cell lines; 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine treatment restored expression, and was inversely correlated with methylation. Aberrant methylation of NMDAR2B, detected in 61% (131/216) of clinical NSCLC tissues, was inversely correlated with the status of protein expression in 20 randomly examined tumors. Aberrant methylation was not associated with clinical factors such as gender, age, histological type, or TNM stage. However, aberrant methylation was an independent prognostic factor in squamous cell carcinoma cases. Aberrant methylation of the NMDAR2B gene is a common event in NSCLC. The prognosis was significantly better for cases of squamous cell carcinoma in which NMDAR2B was methylated. It may have different roles in different histological types.
    BMC Cancer 06/2011; 11:220. · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The prognosis of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with malignant pleural disease (MPD), characterized by malignant pleural effusion and/or malignant pleural nodules, is reported to be poor, and patients with MPD are generally not subjected to surgery. However, whether or not the primary tumor should be resected, when MPD is first detected at thoracotomy, is controversial. The clinical records of 1623 consecutive NSCLC patients, who underwent surgery between 1990 and 2007, were retrospectively reviewed. A hundred patients (6.2%) were classified with pathological stage IV disease according to the seventh edition of the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC) staging system. There were 73 patients with MPD, which included 32 with effusion without nodules (MPE) and 41 with nodules with or without effusion (MPN). Intra- or postoperative pleural chemotherapy was administered to 37 MPD patients. The median survival time, the 3-year survival rate and the 5-year survival rate for MPD patients were 25.9 months, 41.4%, and 23.7%, respectively, which are better outcomes than those for M1b patients (8.7 months, 18% and 18%, respectively) (log-lank test: p=0.014). Among MPD patients, N0-1 disease was determined to be a favorable prognostic factor (p=0.01). MPD status (MPE or MPN) was not prognostically significant (p=0.40). MPE patients with N0-1 disease had a significantly better prognosis with a 5-year survival rate of 63.6% compared to MPE patients with N2-3 disease (p=0.003). Twenty-seven percent of MPN patients with N0-1 disease achieved 5-year survival, whereas none of the MPD patients with N2-3 disease survived longer than 5 years after surgery. The prognosis of patients with surgically detected MPD, who underwent resection, was better than that of M1b patients. MPE patients with N0-1 disease may be candidates for resection.
    European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery: official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery 05/2011; 41(1):25-30. · 2.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the seventh edition of TNM Classification of Malignant Tumours (TNM) staging, the stage-IIB category for lung cancer is comprised of four factors: lymph-node metastasis, chest-wall invasion, large tumor size (> 7 cm), and same-lobe nodules. Tumors are further classified into eight sub-categories based on each TN factor or factor combinations. This study evaluated the prognostic value of each TN factor or combinations for resected stage-IIB non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We retrospectively studied 186 consecutive patients who had resections for NSCLC at Chiba University Hospital and were diagnosed as stage IIB according to the seventh edition of TNM staging. Five-year survivals for each stage IIB were: T2bN1M0 = 47 ± 12% (± standard error); T3 (chest-wall invasion; N0M0) = 59 ± 7%; T3 (large tumor> 7 cm)=72 ± 11%; T3 (same-lobe nodules) = 78 ± 5%; T3 (invasion + > 7 cm)=44 ± 16%; T3 (invasion+same-lobe nodules) = 25 ± 22%; T3 (>7cm+same-lobe nodules) = 0%; and T3 (invasion + > 7 cm +same-lobe nodules)=0%. Among the four single factors, same-lobe nodules had the best prognoses, whereas T2bN1M0 had the worst prognoses. Comparing cases with single factors and multiple factors that decided stage IIB, cases with multiple factors had poorer prognoses (P=0.02). The stage-IIB category is comprised of eight sub-categories, with either single factors or factor combinations; these sub-categories have different prognoses. The worst survivals were for cases with T2bN1M0 as a single factor or for cases with multiple factors, although these represented a small proportion of resected stage-IIB NSCLC cases.
    European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery: official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery 05/2011; 39(5):745-8. · 2.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The prognosis for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with chest wall invasion can vary due to the heterogeneous nature of the cell population. Because NSCLC with large tumors (>7 cm) have been reclassified as T3, the applicability of the new designation must be evaluated. We reviewed 140 patients with chest wall T3 and 28 patients with T3 NSCLC with large tumors, but no chest wall invasion who underwent resection at our institution. Among chest wall T3 patients, elderly T3 patients (≥80 years old) who died within 42 months, patients with either lymph node or pulmonary metastasis, or patients with a large tumor (>7 cm) had poorer prognoses than those who had not. The survival rates for cases with chest wall T3 and cases with a large tumor without chest wall invasion were not significantly different. NSCLC patients with chest wall T3 with lymph node, or pulmonary metastasis, or with a large tumor should be considered for further multimodal treatment with or without resection to enhance their survival time. Elderly patients with chest wall invasion may not be good candidates for resection. A large tumor is so aggressive that re-classification of large tumor cases as T3 is suitable.
    Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery 10/2010; 11(4):420-4. · 1.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the ability of a high-resolution bronchovideoscopy system with narrow band imaging (NBI) to detect blood vessel structures in squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of bronchi, as well as squamous dysplasia. Seventy-nine patients with either abnormal sputum cytology or lung cancer were entered into the study. First, high-resolution bronchovideoscopy with white light was performed. Observations were repeated using NBI light to examine microvascular structures in the bronchial mucosa. Spectral features of the RGB (red/green/blue) sequential videoscope system were changed from a conventional RGB filter to the new NBI filter. The wavelength ranges of the NBI filter were: 400-430 nm (blue), 400-430 nm (green) and 520-560 nm (red). The following were clearly observed with NBI with high-resolution bronchovideoscopy: increased vessel growth and complex networks of tortuous vessels of various sizes, in squamous dysplasia; some dotted vessels, in addition to increased vessel growth and complex networks of tortuous vessels, in ASD; several dotted vessels and spiral or screw type tumor vessels of various sizes and grades, in SCC. Capillary blood vessel and/or tumor vessel mean diameters of ASD, CIS, microinvasive and invasive carcinoma were 41.4+/-9.8 microm, 63.7+/-8.2 microm, 136.5+/-29.9 microm and 259.4+/-29.6 microm, respectively. These results indicated a statistically significant increase of mean vessel diameters in the four groups (P<0.0001). NBI with high-resolution bronchovideoscopy was useful for detecting the increased vessel growth and complex networks of tortuous vessels, dotted vessels and spiral or screw type tumor vessels of bronchial mucosa. This may enable detecting the onset of angiogenesis during multi-step carcinogenesis of the lung.
    Lung cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands) 08/2010; 69(2):194-202. · 3.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A surgical resection for locally advanced non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) remains controversial. This study analyzed the clinicopathological profile and surgical outcome of patients with locally advanced NSCLC to identify the predictors of survival. This study retrospectively analyzed clinical data from 86 patients with pathological T3 or T4 primary NSCLC treated at Chiba University Hospital, and evaluated prognostic factors. Sixty-eight of 86 cases were treated with a complete resection, and 18 were evaluated as an incomplete resection. The 5-year overall survival rate of all cases was 45.7%. Univariate analyses of survival were performed to determine the predictors of overall survival in patients with pathological T3 or T4 NSCLC. Age of 70 years or more, tumor length more than 5 cm, lymph node metastases, incomplete resection, and histology of non-adenocarcinoma were significantly associated with an unfavorable prognosis. Multivariate analyses revealed that older age, incomplete resection, and lymph node metastases were independent predictors of shorter survival. A complete resection for selected cases is acceptable in the management of T3 or T4 NSCLC.
    Surgery Today 08/2010; 40(8):725-8. · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pyothorax-associated lymphoma (PAL) is a comparatively rare tumor, and it is difficult to definitively diagnose it preoperatively, especially in patients with only pleural thickening without mass formation. Pleural effusion aspiration cytology is a useful and easy diagnostic method for a large number of chest diseases. However, the cytologic findings of PAL have been rarely described. Here we report on the cytologic findings in a patient with PAL, manifested by pleural thickening without mass formation, and which was diagnosed preoperatively by pleural effusion aspiration cytology. A 64-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of pleural thickening involving an empyema sac located in the left thorax and rapidly increasing pleural effusion. He had a 30-year history of chronic empyema and a 10-year history of diabetes mellitus. Left pleural effusion aspiration cytology showed malignant lymphoma. The patient was admitted to our hospital for PAL treatment. Because of poor respiratory function, he only underwent decortication with complete resection of the thickening pleural peel. However, he was well, without recurrence, 5 years after the operation. The histologic examination revealed that lymphoma cells were located only in the thickening pleural peel. This is a very rare case of PAL diagnosed by preoperative aspiration cytology for an increasing pleural effusion. This report demonstrates that pleural effusion aspiration cytology can be valuable for the diagnosis of PAL.
    Acta cytologica 01/2010; 54(1):66-70. · 0.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hypermethylation of promoter CpG islands is a major inactivation mechanism of tumor suppressor genes, some of which are thought to be related to the prognosis of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Therefore, hypermethylation of the specific genes may be expected to serve as a prognostic biomarker for NSCLC. In this study, the methylation status of 14 genes was analyzed in 44 stage IA NSCLC cases using methylation-specific PCR. Hypermethylation was detected in PTGER2 (70% of cases), DRM/Gremlin (66%), sFRP-2 (57%), IL-12Rbeta2 (48%), Reprimo (41%), APC (39%), CXCL12 (39%), HPP1 (30%), SPARC (30%), sFRP-5 (30%), p16 (25%), RUNX3 (20%), sFRP-1 (20%) and Wif-1 (16%). Patients with p16, sFRP-5, Wif-1 or CXCL12 methylation had a significantly shorter duration of relapse-free survival than their counterparts with an unmethylated gene (p16, P=0.011; sFRP-5, P=0.030, Wif-1, P=0.036; CXCL12, P=0.026). Also, those with methylated HPP1, p16 or Wif-1 had a significantly shorter duration of overall survival (HPP1, P=0.031; p16, P=0.026; Wif-1, P=0.008). Multivariate analysis revealed that p16 methylation in relapse-free survival and Wif-1 methylation in overall survival were the strongest independent prognostic factors (p16, P=0.036; Wif-1, P=0.035). In conclusion, the hypermethylation of the p16 and Wif-1 genes has potential as biomarkers that may be used to predict the prognosis of stage IA NSCLC.
    International Journal of Oncology 11/2009; 35(5):1201-9. · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the molecular influence of chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) on the pathogenesis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The methylation profiles of 12 genes, and the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and KRAS mutations were determined for samples from 229 NSCLC patients. In addition, protein expression of EGFR and HER2 in 116 NSCLCs was analyzed based on the presence or absence of COPD. IL-12Rbeta2 and Wif-1 methylation and HER2 overexpression were more frequent events in the COPD group. Eighty nonmalignant lung tissues had no correlation with any molecular changes between the COPD and the non-COPD group. EGFR mutation was significantly higher in the non-COPD group, while EGFR expression was inversely correlated with %FEV1.0. In the COPD group, unmethylated SPARC and sFRP-2 genes or a negative CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP) was a negative prognostic factor, while methylation of p16(INK4A) and WNT antagonist genes was a negative prognostic factor in the non-COPD group. Novel characteristics of COPD-related NSCLC were identified by examination of methylation profiles and alterations of EGFR signaling. In consideration of the high sensitivity to smoking in patients with COPD, NSCLC with COPD might be a distinct population of smoke-related NSCLC, the genetic profile of which is quite different from non-COPD NSCLC.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 10/2009; 17(3):878-88. · 4.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The prognosis for patients with large-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma is generally very poor. In this study, we describe the clinical features of recurrent tumors of large-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma and discuss the role of adjuvant chemotherapy and management of recurrence in patients with large-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma. We retrospectively analyzed clinical data from 79 patients and evaluated the prognosis of patients with platinum-based adjuvant chemotherapy, recurrence patterns, patient response to chemotherapy or radiation therapy, and prognosis in patients who experienced relapse. Of 72 patients, 36 had confirmed recurrent tumors upon follow-up examinations. Of those with recurrent tumors, 33 patients (91.7%) had their first recurrent tumors within 3 years. Patients who underwent platinum-based adjuvant chemotherapy had a significantly lower rate of tumor recurrence and a higher rate of disease-free survival than those who had non-platinum-based adjuvant chemotherapy or no adjuvant chemotherapy. Multivariate analyses revealed that platinum-based adjuvant chemotherapy, pathologic stage, and the presence of second cancer are independent prognostic factors. Three patients with limited resection of the primary tumor had poor prognosis with recurrence. Postoperatively, 11 of the 36 patients without recurrence (30.6%) had metachronous second primary cancers, of which 4 patients had more than 1 site. Patients with large-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma had frequent recurrence following resection of the primary tumor, and those without recurrence often developed metachronous second primary cancers. Platinum-based adjuvant chemotherapy after surgery may be useful for preventing recurrence in patients with large-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma.
    The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery 09/2009; 138(2):446-53. · 3.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A new staging system for lung cancer has been proposed by The International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer Staging Committee. We assessed the feasibility of this system for surgical patients. We reviewed the surgical outcome of 1623 consecutive patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), who underwent pulmonary resection in our institution, with regard to the subpopulations categorised in the current and proposed (2009) systems for postoperative pathologic staging. The proportion of patients staged as IIA, IIB, IIIA and IV increased, while those staged as IB and IIIB decreased. Diseases staged as IIIA or earlier were significantly increased in the new system (current system: N=1281, 78.9% vs new system: N=1457, 89.8%). The 5-year survival rates of patients with new stages IB and IIA were clearly dissociated with 72.5% and 51.3%, respectively (P<0.0001). The 5-year survival rates of the newly classified T1 patients were 90.3% for T1aN0M0 and 81.5% for T1bN0M0 (P=0.009). Re-classification of T2bN0M0 as stages IIA and T3 (same lobe nodules) N0M0 as stage IIB appropriately emphasised prognostic differences, while T4 (ipsilateral different lobe nodules) N2-3M0 (stage IIIB) and M1a (pleural effusion, stage IV) did not. This study demonstrated that the new system is superior to the current system in terms of the proportion and prognostic prediction of each stage, although it contains minor contradictions. Therefore, revision of the staging system will contribute to the decision for limited operation and adjuvant therapy of resected NSCLC.
    European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery: official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery 08/2009; 36(6):1031-6. · 2.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Several studies have described p16INK4A and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) co-alterations in various solid tumors, including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In this study, we examined the correlation between PGE2 receptor 2 (EP2) expression and p16INK4A methylation in NSCLC, and the association with clinicopathological features and prognostic significance. We retrospectively reviewed 88 NSCLC patients who underwent resection from July 1993 to May 1997. The tumors included 43 adenocarcinomas, 39 squamous cell carcinomas, and 6 large cell carcinomas. EP2 expression was determined by immunostaining, and p16INK4A methylation was analyzed by methylation specific PCR. EP2 was overexpressed in 44% of NSCLC patients, 61% of adenocarcinoma cases, 28% of squamous cell carcinoma cases, and 33% of large cell carcinoma cases. EP2 expression positively correlated with lymph node metastasis (P=0.034), especially in patients with squamous cell carcinoma (P<0.009). Methylation of p16INK4A was detected in 34% of NSCLC patients, 23% of adenocarcinoma cases, 44% of squamous cell carcinoma cases, and 50% of large cell carcinoma cases. In patients with squamous cell carcinoma, EP2 overexpression correlated with poor prognosis with a relative risk of 2.4 (confidence interval 2.1-51.8, P<0.003), and positively correlated with p16INK4A methylation (P<0.024). Adenocarcinoma patients with p16INK4A methylation had poor prognosis with a relative risk of 2.4 (confidence interval 1.8-69.7, P<0.009), but this was not correlated with EP2 expression. In conclusion, EP2 overexpression was common in NSCLCs, especially in adenocarcinomas. Synchronous alteration of p16INK4A and EP2 may accelerate progression of squamous cell carcinomas. These two alterations may differentially affect pathogenesis among subtypes of NSCLC.
    International Journal of Oncology 03/2009; 34(3):805-12. · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: While lymph node metastasis is a major factor associated with poor prognosis in cancer, little is known of its molecular mechanisms. The aim of this study was to identify genes differentially expressed between non-cancerous and cancerous lung tissues, and to investigate the gene expression profiles of 41 primary lung adenocarcinomas to select sets of gene predictors for lymph node metastasis of lung cancer. Gene expression profiles were obtained using oligonucleotide microarrays, and predictor sets constructed by evaluating the statistical significance of expression levels of selected genes. Gene analysis revealed 15 predictor genes for lymph node metastasis of lung adenocarcinoma. Using the most suitable set of genes, it was possible to predict the lymph node metastasis of patients with lung cancer. The prediction scoring system yielded 71.4% accuracy for forecasting lymph node metastasis in 14 independent test cases. Survival was also significantly better in 18 cases that were pathologically LN negative and predicted to be LN negative according to molecular classification, compared with 23 cases that were pathologically LN positive or predicted to be LN positive according to molecular classification. Gene expression analysis combined with statistical analysis successfully distinguished lymph node metastasis. The findings of this study showed that pathological diagnosis combined with molecular classification clearly distinguished patients with good prognoses from patients with poor prognoses.
    Lung Cancer 11/2008; 64(1):86-91. · 3.39 Impact Factor