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Publications (4)24.43 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Early studies suggested interactions between statins and clopidogrel. Based on the outcome and platelet data, there is now huge evidence of no interactions between statins and 75 to 300 mg clopidogrel; however, data with 600-mg loading are lacking. In a pre-specified analysis of the EXCELSIOR cohort, we investigated the interaction between statins, especially cytochrome P4503A4-metabolized atorvastatin and simvastatin, and the antiplatelet effects of a 600-mg loading dose of clopidogrel. We analyzed 1,395 patients scheduled for coronary angiography (CA). Patients received clopidogrel 600 mg at least two hours before CA and 75 mg daily thereafter in case of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Statin medication on admission was continued unaltered until discharge. Platelet function was assessed by optical aggregometry and flow cytometry of adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-stimulated surface expression of CD62P, CD63 and PAC-1 before clopidogrel and immediately before CA. Residual platelet aggregation (RPA) after addition of ADP 5 muM was similar irrespective of statin treatment at baseline (p = 0.968). RPA at CA was 46.2 +/- 16.8% in patients without statin (n = 682), 45.5 +/- 17.0% in patients with atorvastatin (n = 255), 45.8 +/- 16.3% with simvastatin (n = 335), 47.3 +/- 14.9% with fluvastatin (n = 42) and 45.9 +/- 16.2% with pravastatin (n = 81; p = 0.962). Consistent results were obtained by flow cytometry. In patients with PCI (n = 553), the one-year incidence of death, myocardial infarction and target lesion reintervention did not differ between cohorts stratified according to statin co-medication (p = 0.645). Thus, peri-interventional atorvastatin and simvastatin had no effect on the antiplatelet activity of a loading dose of clopidogrel 600 mg and did not affect clinical outcome after PCI.
    Thrombosis and Haemostasis 02/2008; 99(1):174-81. · 6.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The marked interindividual variability in platelet inhibition even after administration of high loading doses of clopidogrel raised the question whether monitoring of antiplatelet effects in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) can improve clinical outcome. Established methods for monitoring antiplatelet drug activity such as optical aggregometry and determination of surface protein expression are not suitable for routine bedside testing. We therefore compared the applicability of whole blood impedance aggregometry (20 micromol/L ADP) and the whole blood bedside ULTEGRA assay with ADP-cartridges (20 micromol/L) with optical aggregometry in platelet-rich plasma and determination of surface protein expression (P-Selectin and activated GPIIb/IIIa) by flow cytometry. We analyzed samples obtained from 27 patients scheduled for elective PCI who received a loading dose of 600 mg of clopidogrel. Blood samples were withdrawn before clopidogrel, before PCI and 24h thereafter. Platelet aggregation assessed by optical aggregometry (20 micromol/L ADP) declined from 65+/-9% (baseline) to 42+/-12% (PCI) and 45+/-13% (24h; p<0.01). Expression of surface proteins displayed a similar time course. Platelet aggregation determined by impedance aggregometry decreased from 4.6+/-4.0 Omega (baseline) to 0.1+/-0.3 Omega (PCI) and 0.5+/-1.1 Omega (24h) with no detectable residual platelet aggregation during PCI in 88% of patients. The ULTEGRA assay showed only slight changes after administration of clopidogrel. Correlation analysis between the various assays revealed significant correlations only between optical aggregometry and flow cytometry. The results indicate that both of the whole blood assays cannot substitute for optical aggregometry or determination of surface proteins in the assessment of clopidogrel-induced platelet inhibition.
    Thrombosis Research 01/2007; 119(3):285-91. · 3.13 Impact Factor
  • W. Hochholzer, D. Trenk, D. Frundi
    ACC Current Journal Review 09/2005; 14(9):43.
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    ABSTRACT: Pretreatment with clopidogrel can reduce the risks associated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). To shorten the time for clopidogrel to become effective, a 600-mg loading dose has been used. We sought to validate this regimen in a large cohort and investigated the time dependence of the antiplatelet effect of 600 mg of clopidogrel. Our study included 1001 patients who were scheduled for cardiac catheterization as potential candidates for PCI. We obtained blood samples before administration of 600 mg of clopidogrel and at the time of catheterization, which varied according to logistic needs. We assessed platelet aggregation by optical aggregometry and surface expression of P-selectin and activated glycoprotein IIb/IIIa by flow cytometry. Platelet aggregation induced by 5 micromol/L ADP was 51+/-14% when catheterization was performed at <1 hour, 41+/-14% at 1 to <2 hours, 37+/-15% at 2 to <4 hours, 36+/-13% at 4 to <6 hours, and 35+/-14% at > or =6 hours after clopidogrel administration. After 2 hours (n=718), the level of platelet aggregation and the surface expression of P-selectin and activated glycoprotein IIb/IIIa did not change significantly with time after clopidogrel (P>0.24 by univariate or multivariate regression). Comedication with CYP3A4 metabolized statins did not significantly affect platelet aggregation after clopidogrel (P=0.62). Among the 428 patients undergoing PCI, the 30-day composite rate of major adverse cardiac events was 1.9%, with no significant difference between patients undergoing PCI within 2 hours after clopidogrel loading and those undergoing PCI at a later time point. After loading with 600 mg of clopidogrel, the full antiplatelet effect of the drug is achieved after 2 hours. Statins do not interfere with the level of platelet inhibition after this dose.
    Circulation 05/2005; 111(20):2560-4. · 15.20 Impact Factor