A. Delluc

University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

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Publications (58)127.97 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this management outcome study was to assess the safety of ventilation/perfusion single photon emission computed tomography (V/Q SPECT) for the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism (PE) using for interpretation the criteria proposed in the European Association of Nuclear Medicine (EANM) guidelines for V/Q scintigraphy. A total of 393 patients with clinically suspected PE referred to the Nuclear Medicine Department of Brest University Hospital from April 2011 to March 2013, with either a high clinical probability or a low or intermediate clinical probability but positive D-dimer, were retrospectively analysed. V/Q SPECT were interpreted by the attending nuclear medicine physician using a diagnostic cut-off of one segmental or two subsegmental mismatches. The final diagnostic conclusion was established by the physician responsible for patient care, based on clinical symptoms, laboratory test, V/Q SPECT and other imaging procedures performed. Patients in whom PE was deemed absent were not treated with anticoagulants and were followed up for 3 months. Of the 393 patients, the prevalence of PE was 28 %. V/Q SPECT was positive for PE in 110 patients (28 %) and negative in 283 patients (72 %). Of the 110 patients with a positive V/Q SPECT, 78 (71 %) had at least one additional imaging test (computed tomography pulmonary angiography or ultrasound) and the diagnosis of PE was eventually excluded in one patient. Of the 283 patients with a negative V/Q SPECT, 74 (26 %) patients had another test. The diagnosis of PE was finally retained in one patient and excluded in 282 patients. The 3-month thromboembolic risk in the patients not treated with anticoagulants was 1/262: 0.38 % (95 % confidence interval 0.07-2.13). A diagnostic management including V/Q SPECT interpreted with a diagnostic cut-off of "one segmental or two subsegmental mismatches" appears safe to exclude PE.
    European Journal of Nuclear Medicine 04/2014; · 4.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The clinical importance of tumor thrombus in patients with renal cell carcinoma is unknown. We sought to determine the long-term risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients with residual tumor thrombus post-extraction and to evaluate the impact of residual tumor thrombus on overall survival. A cohort study of patients with stage III-IV renal cell carcinoma undergoing nephrectomy was undertaken. The primary endpoint was the risk of VTE during a 2 year follow-up period. The secondary endpoint was 2 year overall survival. A total of 170 surgical renal cell carcinoma patients were included, of them 97 (57.1%) had tumor thrombus. Patients with residual tumor thrombus following surgery had a higher risk of developing VTE than those with complete tumor thrombus resection (Hazard Ratio (HR): 8.7; 95% CI: 1.7 to 43.4), and no tumor thrombus (HR: 6.5; 95% CI: 1.7 to 24.7). Patient with residual tumor thrombus did not have worse overall survival compared to those with tumor thrombus completely resected or those without tumor thrombus. The presence of residual tumor thrombus is an important risk factor for VTE among renal cell carcinoma patients This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis 04/2014; · 6.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Past reports have suggested that antiphospholipid (aPL) antibodies may emerge as a response to antipsychotics treatment, as a high prevalence of aPL antibodies in antipsychotics users has been observed. However, no control group of non-medicated psychiatric patients was included in these reports. In a cross sectional study we determined the prevalence of aPL antibodies in 333 psychiatric inpatients. We compared the proportions of positive aPL antibodytests between users and non-users of antipsychotics with adjustments for potential confounders. The proportion of antipsychotics users carrying at least one aPL antibody ranged from 10·8% to 27·0% compared with 6·8% to 27·2% in non-users (P = 0·24, P = 0·24) depending on the method of detection of lupus anticoagulant (LA). The prevalence of LA detected by dilute Russell viper venom time or partial thromboplastin time-LA was not different between antipsychotics users and non-users (8·1% vs. 5·4%, P = 0·53 and 18·4% vs. 18·2%, P = 0·22), as well as the prevalence of IgM and IgG anti-β2-glycoprotein-I antibodies, IgM and IgG anti-cardiolipin antibodies(3·8% vs. 2·0%, P = 0·75, 0·0% vs. 0·0%, P = not applicable, 1·1 vs. 1·4%, P = 0·91, 2·7% vs. 3·4%, P = 0·71). In conclusion, aPL antibodies were frequently found in patients with psychiatric diseases and no significant increase in the prevalence of aPL antibodies was observed in antipsychotics users.
    British Journal of Haematology 01/2014; 164(2):272-9. · 4.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background The bariatric surgical population is a particularly high risk population for VTE. It is unclear if standard (i.e. non-adjusted) thromboprophylaxis doses of low-molecular weight or unfractionated heparin provide adequate protection for obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery, or if higher doses are required. We sought to determine whether a weight based thromboprophylactic dosing regimen is safe and effective in the post-operative period for obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery. Methods A systematic literature search strategy was conducted using MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials and all EBM Reviews. Pooled proportions for the different outcomes were calculated. Results A total of 6 studies (1 RCT, 4 cohort studies and one quasi experimental trial) containing 1,858 patients were include in the systematic review. Post bariatric surgery patients receiving weight-adjusted prophylactic doses of heparin products, had an in hospital rate of VTE of 0.54% (95% CI: 0.2 to 1.0%) compared to 2.0% (95% CI: 0.1 to 6.4%) for those that did not weight adjust doses. Rates of major bleeding were similar for both groups: 1.6% (95% CI: 0.6 to 3.0%) for patients receiving weight-adjusted dosing compared to 2.3% (95% CI: 1.1% to 3.9%) for those receiving standard doses of heparin products. Conclusions Adjusting the dose of heparin products for thromboprophylaxis post-bariatric surgery seems to be associated with a lower rate of in hospital VTE compared to a strategy of not adjusting the dose, although this did not reach statistical significance. This practice does not lead to an increase in adverse major bleeding events.
    Thrombosis Research 01/2014; · 3.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction Patients with cancer-associated thrombosis are at a high risk of developing recurrent events despite anticoagulant therapy. Escalation of the dose of low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) has been suggested as a potential treatment option to manage these patients. We sought to confirm the benefit and risk of this management strategy in patients with recurrent cancer-associated thrombosis. Material and Methods A retrospective cohort study of consecutive cancer outpatients seen for management of a symptomatic recurrent cancer-associated thrombosis while on anticoagulation was undertaken. Objectively confirmed episodes of recurrent thrombosis were treated with either dose escalation of LMWH or initiation of therapeutic dose of LMWH in patients already anticoagulated with LMWH or vitamin K antagonist (VKA) respectively. Included patients were followed for a minimum of 3 months after the index recurrent event. Results Fifty-five cancer patients with a recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE) despite anticoagulation were included. At the time of the recurrence, 89% of patients were on LMWH. The median time between the initial cancer-associated thrombosis to the index recurrent event was 2.3 months (range 0.1 to 30.4 months). Four patients (7.3%; 95% CI: 2.0 to 17.6%) had a second recurrent VTE during the 3-month follow-up period. Three patients (5.5%; 95% CI 1.1 to 15.1%) had major bleeding complications after dose escalation of LMWH. There were no recurrent fatal VTE or major bleeding episodes. Conclusion Escalating the dose of LMWH seems effective and safe for managing patients with recurrent cancer-associated thrombosis despite anticoagulant therapy.
    Thrombosis Research 01/2014; · 3.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Shared risk factors help explain the association between venous thromboembolism (VTE) and atherothrombosis. The potential association between insulin resistance and VTE has been poorly evaluated. Thus, we aimed to assess the association between insulin resistance and VTE in the EDITH hospital-based case-control study. Between May 2000 and December 2004, 677 patients with unprovoked VTE and their age- and sex-matched controls were included. Fasting glycaemia and insulinaemia were measured and insulin resistance was estimated with the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) equation. The association between HOMA-IR and VTE was determined in non-diabetic patients in a quintile-based analysis. A total of 590 non-diabetic cases (median age 73.0 years, 255 men) and 581 non-diabetic controls (median age 72.0 years, 247 men) were analysed. There was a trend for a higher median level of HOMA-IR index in cases than in controls (1.21 [interquartile range 0.84-2.10] vs1.19 [interquartile range 0.72-2.02], p=0.08). The unadjusted analysis showed an increased risk of unprovoked VTE associated with increasing HOMA-IR (odds ratio [OR] 1.53; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.00-2.34 for the highest quintile of HOMA-IR compared with the first quintile). Adjustment for lipid lowering drugs and antiplatelet agents use slightly modified the association (OR 1.51; 95% CI 0.97-2.34). When body mass index was added in the adjusted model, HOMA-IR was no longer associated with VTE (OR 1.08; 95% CI 0.67-1.73). Our results highlight the role of body mass index in the association between cardiovascular risk factors and VTE.
    Thrombosis and Haemostasis 06/2013; 110(3). · 6.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The risk of recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE) in young women after a first oestrogen contraception associated VTE episode is unknown. This uncertainty has an impact on the decision whether to stop anticoagulant treatment. Our objective was to assess the risk of recurrent VTE in women after a first VTE episode on oestrogen contraception. This was a prospective cohort study in which we consecutively enrolled between 1992 and 2011 all women under 50years with a first objectively confirmed VTE. The incidence of recurrent VTE during follow-up after stopping anticoagulation was compared between women users and non-users of combined oral contraception (COC) at the time of index VTE. Of the 241 women aged 50 or younger seen for a first VTE and followed-up after stopping anticoagulation, there were 180 COC-users and 61 non-users. Median duration of follow-up off-anticoagulants was 66months (interquartile range: 33-103). There were 14 recurrences in COC-users and 5 cases in non-users. No significant association was found between exposure to COC and the incidence of recurrent VTE after adjustment for age or after restricting the analysis to major unprovoked VTE: incidence rate of recurrence 17.9/1,000/year (95% CI: 9.6-33.2) in women with COC as compared with 17.6/1,000/year (95% CI: 6.6-47) with an incidence ratio of 0.7 (95% CI: 0.2-2.4, p=0.59). The risk of recurrent VTE is low in young women after a first VTE. However, this risk is not significantly lower in women after a first VTE while exposed to combined oral contraception.
    Thrombosis Research 06/2013; · 3.13 Impact Factor
  • Médecine Nucléaire. 05/2013; 37(5):151.
  • Médecine Nucléaire. 05/2013; 37(5):143.
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    ABSTRACT: Ventilation-perfusion (V/Q) SPECT has been reported to improve the diagnostic performance of V/Q imaging for the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism (PE). However, only sparse data based on an objective reference test are available, and the criteria used for interpretation have varied widely. Therefore, the aim of our study was to assess the performance of V/Q SPECT using various criteria for interpretation, in comparison with a validated independent diagnostic strategy. METHODS: The SPECT study included patients for whom V/Q SPECT data were compared with the results of an independent and validated diagnostic algorithm for PE. V/Q SPECT scans were performed after intravenous injection of (99m)Tc-macroaggregated albumin and simultaneous ventilation with (81m)Kr gas. Interpretation was performed independently by 2 nuclear medicine physicians who were not aware of the clinical history, diagnostic strategy conclusion, or patient's outcome. Sensitivity, specificity, and likelihood ratios were evaluated for various combinations of mismatched defect numbers and sizes (segmental or subsegmental). Generation of receiver-operating-characteristic curves was based on the number of mismatch defects and the number of subsegmental mismatch defects or equivalent. RESULTS: Of the 249 patients who were analyzed, the diagnosis of PE was confirmed in 49 and ruled out in 200 according to the previously validated independent strategy. Of all the tested criteria, the best performance was achieved using a diagnostic cutoff of at least 1 segmental or 2 subsegmental mismatches, with sensitivity and specificity of 0.92 (95% confidence interval, 0.84-1) and 0.91 (95% confidence interval, 0.87-0.95), respectively. With a negative V/Q SPECT result, the posttest probability of PE was 0.010, 0.037, and 0.119 for a low, intermediate, and high clinical probability. With a positive V/Q SPECT result, the posttest probability of PE was 0.531, 0.814, and 0.939 for a low, intermediate, and high probability. CONCLUSION: For V/Q SPECT interpretation, a diagnostic cutoff of 1 segmental or 2 subsegmental mismatches seems best for confirming or excluding acute PE.
    Journal of Nuclear Medicine 05/2013; · 5.77 Impact Factor
  • A. Delluc, K. Lacut, D. Mottier
    La Revue de Médecine Interne. 02/2013; 34(2):69–72.
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a frequent and serious problem in intensive care units (ICU). Anticoagulant treatments have demonstrated their efficacy in preventing VTE. However, when the bleeding risk is high, they are contraindicated, and mechanical devices are recommended. To date, mechanical prophylaxis has not been rigorously evaluated in any trials in ICU patients. METHODS: In this multicenter, open-label, randomized trial with blinded evaluation of endpoints, we randomly assigned 407 patients with a high risk of bleeding to receive intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) associated with graduated compression stockings (GCS) or GCS alone for 6 days during their ICU stay. The primary endpoint was the occurrence of a VTE between days 1 and 6, including nonfatal symptomatic documented VTE, or death due to a pulmonary embolism, or asymptomatic deep vein thrombosis detected by ultrasonography systematically performed on day 6. RESULTS: The primary outcome was assessed in 363 patients (89.2 %). By day 6, the incidence of the primary outcome was 5.6 % (10 of 179 patients) in the IPC + GCS group and 9.2 % (17 of 184 patients) in the GCS group (relative risk 0.60; 95 % confidence interval 0.28-1.28; p = 0.19). Tolerance of IPC was poor in only 12 patients (6.0 %). No intergroup difference in mortality rate was observed. CONCLUSIONS: With the limitation of a low statistical power, our results do not support the superiority of the combination of IPC + GCS compared to GCS alone to prevent VTE in ICU patients at high risk of bleeding.
    European Journal of Intensive Care Medicine 01/2013; · 5.17 Impact Factor
  • A Delluc, K Lacut, D Mottier
    La Revue de Médecine Interne 11/2012; · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Incidence and risk factors of venous thromboembolism (VTE) are well established in surgical and medical settings, but data in psychiatric units are lacking. The aim of this study was to estimate the incidence of VTE in hospitalized psychiatric patients, and to assess the risk factors for VTE in this specific population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All consecutive adult patients, admitted for a psychiatric disorder for at least seven days in psychiatric units were considered for inclusion. Patients were evaluated for signs and symptoms of VTE during hospitalization. At Day 10, all participants were interviewed and a systematic compression ultrasonography of the lower limbs was performed. Patients were followed-up until Day 90. RESULTS: Among the 471 included patients, 449 were evaluable at Day 10, and 458 were followed-up until Day 90. Ten deep vein thromboses (DVT) were diagnosed by Day 10 leading to an incidence of VTE of 2.2% (95% CI, 1.1%-4.1%). Six additional symptomatic VTE occurred between Day 10 and Day 90, leading to a 3.5% incidence at Day 90 (95% CI, 2.0%-5.6%). The main factors associated with VTE were age, bed rest, and diagnosis of dementia. The incidence of VTE in patients aged 75 or over with a diagnosis of dementia reached 8.2% at Day 10 and 12.5% at Day 90. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of VTE in psychiatric units appeared low. However, in older patients, especially those with dementia, the incidence of VTE increased considerably. Further studies are needed to confirm these results.
    Thrombosis Research 10/2012; · 3.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Several studies have suggested that statins may lower the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE), whereas fibrates may increase this risk. However, no studies have evaluated whether lipid-lowering drugs (LLD) use was associated with the risk of VTE recurrence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a prospective cohort study, we followed-up all patients who had been treated for a first unprovoked VTE event in our centre. The association between LLD exposure and risk of recurrence of VTE after discontinuation of anticoagulation was analyzed with Cox proportional hazards model with adjustment for age, sex, body mass index, site of thrombosis, antiplatelets use, and duration of anticoagulation before inclusion in the study. RESULTS: 432 patients (median age 65.5years interquartile range 45.0-75.0, 174 men) were followed up for a median of 29.5months after discontinuation of anticoagulation. Sixty patients (13.9%) had recurrent VTE. During follow-up, 48 patients (11.1%) received statins, 36 patients (8.3%) received fibrates. In multivariate analysis, the risk of recurrent VTE associated with statin exposure was 1.02 (95% confidence interval 0.36-2.91) and 2.15 (95% confidence interval 1.01-4.61) for fibrate exposure. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest an association between fibrate intake and an increased risk of recurrent VTE, whereas statin intake was not associated with recurrent VTE. Larger studies are needed to validate these results.
    Thrombosis Research 08/2012; · 3.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ankle Brachial Pressure Index (ABPI) by Doppler ultrasound is the gold standard non invasive method for screening of peripheral arterial disease (PAD). This reference method is little used in routine practice, particularly by vascular disease specialists since the most recent ultrasound devices no longer have continuous wave probes. The purpose of our survey was to assess interobserver reproducibility of color-Doppler measurements made in a first population, then second, to assess the correlation between ABPI measurements made with color-Doppler and with ultrasound Doppler in a second population. One hundred twenty patients meeting screening criteria for AOMI defined by the French Health Authorities (HAS, 2006) participated in the study between October 2010 and April 2011 in the Echo Doppler and Vascular Medicine unit of the Brest University teaching hospital: 22 patients for interobserver reproducibility and 98 for color-Doppler - continuous Doppler correlation study. Two independent operators measured the ABPI index in each of the 98 patients using color-Doppler and continuous Doppler in random order, producing 353 measurements. Reliability and reproducibility were assessed using the intraclass correlation coefficient of correlation (ICC) determined with Spearman and the Bland-Altman methods. The ABPI was less than 0.90 in 62% of patients. The color-Doppler reproducibility study showed a mean difference of 0.02 [95% CI: -0.02 to 0.17] using the Bland Altman method with ICC equal to 0.89 (P<0.001). For the intermethod correlation study, the mean difference was 0.03 [95% CI: -0.17 to 0.23], with ICC equal to 0.84 (P<0.001). Color-Doppler could be an alternative to Doppler ultrasound for PAD screening or follow-up, depending on the results of further evaluations in larger populations.
    Journal des Maladies Vasculaires 06/2012; 37(4):186-94. · 0.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PurposePatients with suspected deep vein thrombosis (DVT) are often managed on an outpatient basis. The aim of the study was to validate a clinical prediction rule specifically for use in primary care to help physicians in their decision to start anticoagulant therapy while awaiting ultrasound examination.Patients and methodsBetween September 2007 and October 2008, 194 general practitioners prospectively included patients with clinically suspected DVT without clinically suspected pulmonary embolism. All patients underwent a standardized clinical assessment in order to collect items included in the clinical prediction rule (personal history of venous thromboembolism +1, immobilization in previous month +1, estrogen contraceptive +2, active malignancy +3, swelling of the calf +1, the presence of an alternative diagnosis more likely than that of DVT–3. DVT unlikely if score < 2, likely if score ≥ 2).ResultsAmong the 164 included patients, 56 (34%) had DVT of them 28 (17%) had a proximal DVT. Proportions of confirmed DVT were 29% in the unlikely group and 43% in the likely group against 26% and 63% respectively in the derivation study.Conclusions This clinical prediction rule might not fulfill the required conditions to be considered as a usable help in the ambulatory management of DVT. Variations of the cut-off value could enhance its performance.
    La Revue de Médecine Interne. 05/2012; 33(5):244–249.
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    ABSTRACT: The use of summed planar images generated from single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) ventilation/perfusion (V/Q) scintigraphy has been proposed as a substitute for planar V/Q scans in order to use the revised PIOPED interpretation criteria when only SPECT acquisition is performed in patients with suspected pulmonary embolism. The aim was to evaluate the accuracy of angular summed planar scans in comparison with true planar images. Patients included in the 'SPECT study' assessing the diagnostic performance of V/Q SPECT were analysed. Angular summed planar images were generated from SPECT acquisition data and compared with true planar scans. Angular summed planar images were successfully generated for 246 patients. Regarding interobserver variability, the interpretation result was different for 15 (6%) summed planar scans with an excellent degree of agreement (κ=0.92; 95% confidence interval 0.88-0.96). With regard to intermodality interpretation variability between conventional planar and angular summed images, the result was different for 63 (26%) of 246 patients with an intermodality degree of agreement of κ=0.66 (95% confidence interval 0.58-0.73). Planar images generated from SPECT V/Q scintigraphy are not a reliable substitute for true planar V/Q images.
    Nuclear Medicine Communications 03/2012; 33(7):695-700. · 1.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a common disease. The incidence rises markedly with increasing age; over the age of 75, the annual incidence reaches 1 per 100. Background Besides major risk factors (surgery, trauma and acute medical illness), four risk factors have to be taken into account in the management of VTE: increasing age, cancer, previous history of VTE and pregnancy. To date, with the exception of the antiphospholipid syndrome and antithrombin deficiency, “thrombophilias” do not appear to change the management of VTE. Viewpoints “Thrombophilias” are useful tools for understanding the pathophysiology of VTE. Therefore, further studies are needed to identify new biological anomalies and their impact on the risk of VTE. Recently, links between VTE and atherosclerosis have been demonstrated, leading to new concept of pan-vascular disease and prevention. Conclusions VTE is a major public health problem. The knowledge of VTE risk factors is of major importance in identifying high-risk patients and in reducing the incidence and mortality of VTE.
    Revue des Maladies Respiratoires. 02/2012; 29(2):254–266.
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    ABSTRACT: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a common disease. The incidence rises markedly with increasing age; over the age of 75, the annual incidence reaches 1 per 100. Besides major risk factors (surgery, trauma and acute medical illness), four risk factors have to be taken into account in the management of VTE: increasing age, cancer, previous history of VTE and pregnancy. To date, with the exception of the antiphospholipid syndrome and antithrombin deficiency, "thrombophilias" do not appear to change the management of VTE. "Thrombophilias" are useful tools for understanding the pathophysiology of VTE. Therefore, further studies are needed to identify new biological anomalies and their impact on the risk of VTE. Recently, links between VTE and atherosclerosis have been demonstrated, leading to new concept of pan-vascular disease and prevention. VTE is a major public health problem. The knowledge of VTE risk factors is of major importance in identifying high-risk patients and in reducing the incidence and mortality of VTE.
    Revue des Maladies Respiratoires 02/2012; 29(2):254-66. · 0.50 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

93 Citations
127.97 Total Impact Points


  • 2014
    • University of Ottawa
      • Department of Medicine
      Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
  • 2007–2014
    • Université de Bretagne Occidentale
      • Faculté de Médecine et des Sciences de la Santé
      Brest, Brittany, France
  • 2010–2012
    • Université de Bretagne Sud
      Lorient, Brittany, France
  • 2011
    • Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Brest
      • Département de Médecine Interne et de Pneumologie
      Brest, Brittany, France