Il-Woo Suh

University of Ulsan, Urusan, Ulsan, South Korea

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Publications (9)48.35 Total impact

  • Circulation 10/2014; 130(18):e161-2. DOI:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.114.011890 · 14.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The risks and benefits of long-term dual antiplatelet therapy remain unclear. This is a prospective, multicenter, open-label, randomized comparison trial that was conducted in 24 clinical centers in Korea. In total, 5045 patients who received drug-eluting stents and were free of major adverse cardiovascular events and major bleeding for at least 12 months after stent placement were enrolled between July 2007 and July 2011. Patients were randomized to receive aspirin alone (n=2514) or clopidogrel plus aspirin (n=2531). The primary end point was a composite of death from cardiac causes, myocardial infarction, or stroke 24 months after randomization. At 24 months, the primary end point occurred in 57 aspirin-alone group patients (2.4%) and 61 dual-therapy group patients (2.6%) (hazard ratio, 0.94; 95% confidence intervals [CI], 0.66 to 1.35; P=0.75). The two groups did not differ significantly in terms of the individual risks of death from any cause, myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis, or stroke. Major bleeding occurred in 24 (1.1%) and 34 (1.4%) of the aspirin-alone group and dual-therapy group patients, respectively (hazard ratio, 0.71; 95% CI, 0.42 to 1.20; P=0.20). Among patients who were on 12-month dual antiplatelet therapy without complications, an additional 24 months of dual antiplatelet therapy versus aspirin alone did not reduce the risk of the composite end point of death from cardiac causes, myocardial infarction or stroke. Identifier: NCT01186146.
    Circulation 10/2013; 129(3). DOI:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.113.003303 · 14.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The clinical value of real-time 3-dimensional echocardiography assessments of left atrial volume in patients with left ventricular dysfunction has not been determined. Real-time 3-dimensional echocardiography and 2-dimensional Doppler echocardiography were performed on the same day in 108 patients with severe left ventricular dysfunction and in sinus rhythm. End-systolic left atrial volumes were measured using real-time 3-dimensional echocardiography images (LAV-3D) and end-systolic left atrial volumes were calculated by the biplane area-length formula using 2-dimensional echocardiography (LAV-2D). Patients were observed clinically over 10 +/- 7 months. LAV-2D showed excellent correlation with LAV-3D (r = 0.88, P < .001), but the former was significantly smaller than the latter (-12 +/- 21 mL, P < .001). During follow-up, 31 patients (29%) showed clinical events, including 3 cardiac deaths and 28 hospitalizations as a result of heart failure. Patients with clinical events had larger initial LAV-3D (P < .05) and LAV-2D (P = .05), higher transmitral E velocity, higher E/E' ratio, more severe mitral and tricuspid regurgitation, and higher maximal velocity of tricuspid regurgitation than the 77 patients without events. LAV-3D (P < .001) and age (P < .05) were independent predictors of cardiac events by Cox proportional hazard model, whereas LAV-2D was negatively involved. Patients with initial LAV-3D less than 100 mL had a significantly higher 1-year event-free survival than those with LAV-3D greater than or equal to 100 mL (80 +/- 7 vs 48 +/- 10%, P < .001). LAV-3D is a major predictor of clinical events in patients with severe left ventricular dysfunction and in sinus rhythm. The clinical value of LAV-3D seems to be superior to that of LAV-2D.
    Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography: official publication of the American Society of Echocardiography 05/2008; 21(5):439-45. DOI:10.1016/j.echo.2007.09.002 · 4.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pheochromocytoma is a rare disorder and functioning tumor composed of chromaffin cells that secrete catecholamines. Patients with a pheochromocytoma 'crisis' have a high mortality in spite of aggressive therapy. We present a case with a severe acute catecholamine cardiomyopathy presenting ST segment elevation with cardiogenic shock after hemorrhage into a left suprarenal tumor. Intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) support, combined with inotropic therapy, was performed. However, the patient deteriorated rapidly and was unresponsive to a full dose of inotropics and IABP. We decided to apply extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) device for the patient. His clinical state began to improve 3 days after ECMO. After achieving hemodynamic stabilization, he underwent successful laparoscopic left adrenalectomy. He needed no further cardiac medication after discharge.
    Journal of Korean Medical Science 05/2008; 23(2):350-4. DOI:10.3346/jkms.2008.23.2.350 · 1.27 Impact Factor

  • International Journal of Cardiology 12/2007; 122. DOI:10.1016/S0167-5273(08)70570-9 · 4.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study was conducted to evaluate the outcomes of simultaneous kissing stenting with sirolimus-eluting stent (SES). Percutaneous intervention for bifurcation coronary lesions is still challenging. This study was designed to evaluate the long-term outcomes of 36 consecutive patients with large bifurcation coronary lesions who underwent simultaneous kissing stenting with SES. Lesion location was unprotected left main in 29 patients (81%) and anterior descending artery in 7 (19%). The patients received a combination of aspirin and clopidogrel for 6 months and cilostazol for 1 month. Mean proximal reference diameter was 4.05 +/- 0.68 mm. Compared with the side branch (SB), the main vessel (MV) involved longer lesions (25.8 +/- 17.0 mm vs. 10.2 +/- 10.8 mm, P < 0.001) and smaller preprocedural minimal lumen diameters (1.02 +/- 0.53 mm vs. 1.46 +/- 0.78 mm, P = 0.006) and was treated with larger stents (3.1 +/- 0.3 mm vs. 3.0 +/- 0.3 mm, P = 0.006). Angiographic success rate was 100%. Over the follow-up of 26.7 +/- 8.6 months, no deaths, myocardial infarctions or stent thromboses occurred. Target lesion revascularization was performed in five patients (14%). Overall angiographic restenosis occurred in 5/30 patients (17%), consisting of 4 (13%) at MV and 3 (10%) at SB. At follow-up angiography, a membranous diaphragm at the carina was identified in 14 patients (47%), but only one of whom was associated with angiographic restenosis. Simultaneous kissing stenting with SES appears a feasible stenting technique in large bifurcation coronary lesions. However, a new angiographic structure of carinal membrane developed in a half of patients at follow-up and its influence needs to be further investigated.
    Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions 11/2007; 70(6):840-6. DOI:10.1002/ccd.21254 · 2.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The correlates of angiographic and clinical outcomes after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation for aorto-ostial lesions remain unknown. This study evaluated long-term results of DES implantation for aorto-ostial lesions and determined risk factors for restenosis and adverse cardiac events. In total, 184 consecutive patients who underwent DES implantation for aorto-ostial lesions were investigated (DES group) compared with 172 consecutive patients treated with bare metal stents before the introduction of DESs (pre-DES group). Major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) were defined as death, Q-wave myocardial infarction, and need for target lesion revascularization. The DES group had significantly higher risk clinical and procedural profiles than the pre-DES group. Procedural success rates were 99.5% in the DES group and 100% in the pre-DES group (p = 1.0). The DES group had a significantly lower incidence of in-segment restenosis (10.5% vs 26.0%, p = 0.001) and target lesion revascularization (4.3% vs 11.6%, p = 0.011). Cumulative MACE rates at 1 year were 6.5% in the DES group and 13.4% in the pre-DES group (p = 0.03). By multivariate analysis, treatment of bypass graft, treatment of in-stent restenosis, and reference vessel diameter were predictors of restenosis, and only reference vessel diameter (hazard ratio 0.20, 95% confidence interval 0.05 to 0.75, p = 0.017) inversely correlated with 1-year MACEs after DES implantation. In conclusion, DES implantation for aorto-ostial lesions is associated with a significant decrease in restenosis and MACEs compared with the pre-DES phase. Treatment of bypass graft and in-stent restenosis and reference vessel size were identified as predictors of restenosis and/or long-term MACEs after DES implantation.
    The American Journal of Cardiology 04/2007; 99(6):760-5. DOI:10.1016/j.amjcard.2006.10.028 · 3.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Using serial intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), we evaluated the natural evolution of non-culprit/non-target lesion ruptured coronary plaques and assessed the impact of statin therapy. Twenty-eight patients with non-stenotic ruptured plaques underwent baseline and 12-month follow-up IVUS studies; half were treated with statins. Standard IVUS analyses were performed. Complete healing of ruptured plaques was observed in four (29%) statin-treated patients and no non-statin-treated patients (p=0.049). Statin-treated patients had an increase in lumen area of 0.4+/-0.8 mm2 (versus a decrease in lumen area of -0.6+/-1.0 mm2 in non-statin-treated patients, p=0.007) and no change in plaque area (versus an increase in plaque area of 0.6+/-0.9 mm2, p=0.051). During 1-year follow-up, target lesion revascularization was performed in three non-statin-treated patients (21%) and no statin-treated patient (p=0.11). Compared to lesions that did not require revascularization, lesions requiring revascularization had a decrease in lumen area (-1.7+/-1.4 mm2 versus 0.1+/-0.8 mm2, p=0.001) as well as an increase in plaque area (1.6+/-1.0 mm2 versus 0.1+/-0.7 mm2, p=0.002). In conclusion, the current observational follow-up IVUS study showed beneficial effects of statin treatment on reduction of revascularization rates and stabilization of non-culprit/non-target lesion plaque ruptures without significant stenosis. Conversely, healing of non-statin-treated non-culprit/non-target lesion plaque ruptures can be responsible for lesion progression requiring revascularization.
    Atherosclerosis 04/2007; 191(1):107-14. DOI:10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2006.02.040 · 3.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background and Objectives: Prediction of the postoperative left ventricular (LV) function in valvular heart disease that will cause LV volume overloading, such as chronic mitral regurgitation (MR) and aortic regurgitation (AR), remains elusive. We sought to test if 2-dimensional peak negative longitudinal strain (LS2D) was useful for prediction of the postoperative LV function in relation to this disease entity. Subjects and Methods: Newly developed speckle tracking imaging was performed preoperatively to measure the LS2D in 26 and 22 patients with MR and AR, respectively. A favorable response after the operation (FR) was defined according to the change in the LV ejection fraction (EF): 1) a LVEF ≥55% both pre- and post-operation, 2) a postoperative LVEF ≥55% with a pre-operative LVEF between <55 and ≥45%, or 3) an increase in the LVEF >10% with a pre-operative LVEF <45%. Results: Follow-up echocardiography was performed at an average of 6.7±2.3 months after the operation. FR was confirmed in 36 patients (LVEF from 55.4±10.1 to 58.3±5.0%, p=0.06), with the remaining 12 showing an unfavorable response (LVEF from 52.5±7.6 to 45.1±5.4%, p<0.01). There was no significant difference in the baseline characteristics, including underlying etiologies, operation techniques, and cardiopulmonary bypass time, and LV volumes and EF between the two groups. The only difference was the LS 2D, which was significantly larger in the FR group (-19.8±3.9 versus -16.2±2.9%, p<0.01). An LS2D of -18.3% could predict an unfavorable response of the LVEF following an operation, with a sensitivity and specificity of 75 and 75%, respectively. Conclusion: The preoperative LS2D is a useful predictor of the postoperative left ventricular function in AR and MR.
    Korean Circulation Journal 04/2006; 36(4):272. DOI:10.4070/kcj.2006.36.4.272 · 0.75 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

193 Citations
48.35 Total Impact Points


  • 2008
    • University of Ulsan
      • Department of Medicine
      Urusan, Ulsan, South Korea
  • 2007
    • Asan Medical Center
      • Department of Cardiology
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • Ulsan University Hospital
      Urusan, Ulsan, South Korea