Sinan Akbayram

Yuzuncu Yil University, Thospia, Van, Turkey

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Publications (77)71.74 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Brucellosis is the most common zoonotic disease worldwide and remains an important human disease especially in developing countries. The aim of the present study was to evaluate clinical manifestations and laboratory findings of childhood brucellosis in Van province of Eastern Turkey. To our knowledge, this is the largest series of childhood brucellosis reported in the literature. In this retrospective study, 496 children with brucellosis were assessed for the clinical manifestations and laboratory findings from July 2009 through December 2013. The diagnosis of brucellosis was based on clinical findings and a standard tube agglutination test (1:160 or higher titers). Data were analyzed using the Minitab Statistical Software, version 16. The study included 496 children (boy, 60.5% ) with a mean age of 10.0±3.95 years (range, 1-16 years). The most frequent clinical symptoms were arthralgia (46.2%), fever (32.1%), and abdominal pain (17.1%) and the most common clinical signs were peripheral arthritis (10.1%), splenomegaly (2.2%) and hepatomegaly (1.8%). The most contagious seasons were summer and autumn (63.3%). Elevated lactate dehydrogenase and C-reactive protein levels and erythrocyte sedimentation rate were reported in 63.1%, 58.7%, and 55.2% of the patients, respectively. Anemia (20.4%), thrombocytopenia (15.5%), and leukopenia (12.1%) were the most common hematologic findings. Brucellosis remains a serious public health problem in Turkey. The clinical and laboratory characteristics of childhood brucellosis were provided in order to assist clinicians in diagnosing and monitoring of the disease. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Pediatrics International 02/2015; · 0.73 Impact Factor
  • Platelets 11/2014; · 2.63 Impact Factor
  • The Indian Journal of Pediatrics 06/2014; · 0.92 Impact Factor
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    Year: 11/2013
  • Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology 10/2013; · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We compared spectrophotometric analysis of the umbilical cords of infants with meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) or with meconium-stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) and healthy infants. In a prospective study, 15 infants with MAS and 37 infants with MSAF were enrolled. Twenty healthy infants formed a control group. The absorption peak of umbilical cords with meconium was significantly higher in the infants with MAS or MSAF than in controls. Spectrophotometric analysis of the umbilical cords with meconium may be useful to identify developed neonates with MAS or MSAF.
    Journal of Membrane Biology 06/2013; · 2.48 Impact Factor
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    International journal of dermatology 02/2013; · 1.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 8-year-old boy admitted with abdominal pain, fever and vomiting for the previous 10 days. Sensitivity was detected in the epigastric area. There was not defense and rebond. Aspartate aminotransferase was 106 U/L, alanine aminotransferase 25 U/L, alkaline phosphatase 311 U/L, blood amylase level 748 U/L, blood lipase level 391 U/L. In thoracic CT, soft tissue with smooth contours measuring 32 mm×28 mm was identified in the posterior mediastinum. Bone marrow aspiration biopsy was normal. A mass specimen obtained from the duodenum endoscopic biopsy. This specimen was diffuse staining by leukocyte common antigen, CD10 and CD20. The patient was diagnosed with acute pancreatitis associated with stage 3 duodenal Burkitt's lymphoma. Modified LMB-98 was initiated. Burkitt's lymphoma may rarely cause acute pancreatitis.
    Journal of Acute Disease. 01/2013; 2(2):159–160.
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    ABSTRACT: Immune thrombocytopenic purpura is an acute, generally considered a self-limiting benign disorder with a 60%-80% change of spontaneous recovery occurring usually within a few months after onset. Intracranial hemorrhage is a rare but life-threatening complication of childhood immune thrombocytopenic purpura. We report a 4-year-old girl who admitted with headache, vomiting, bleeding from noise and bruises on the extremities. Her neurological examination was normal. Based on laboratory finding she was diagnosed immune thrombocytopenic purpura and intracranial hemorrhage. We suggest that cranial imaging should be perform in patients with immune thrombocytopenic purpura admitted with bleeding symptoms, vomiting and headache even if they had no abnormal neurological signs.
    Journal of Acute Disease. 01/2013; 2(3):250–251.
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    ABSTRACT: Herpes zoster (HZ) is often associated with painful erythematous vesicular eruptions of the skin or mucous membranes. Approximately 10% to 30% of the population will suffer from HZ during their lifetime. HZ is infrequent in healthy children. However, diminished cellular immunity seems to increase risk of reactivation because incidence increases with age and in immunocompromised states. We report a 7-year-old girl with acute myeloblastic leukemia HZ infection on the right palmar, elbow and forearm region (C7, C8 and T1 dermatomes). We want to indicate unusual localization of HZ on the acute myeloblastic leukemia child patient.
    Journal of Acute Disease. 01/2013; 2(1):73–75.
  • Journal of Acute Disease. 01/2013; 2(3):252.
  • Journal of Emergency Medicine 11/2012; · 1.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP), involvement of the ileum and ascending colon with vasculitis can mimic appendicitis and cause unnecessary appendicectomy. A 13-year-old boy presented with signs of HSP and abdominal pain. He was treated with prednisolone (2 mg/kg/day) for 10 days, but there was no improvement. At laparotomy he had acute suppurative appendicitis. A 12-year-old girl presented with HSP associated with abdominal pain and bloody diarrhoea and at laparotomy was also found to have suppurative appendicitis. Both patients had vasculitic areas in the ileum. In HSP, although suppurative appendicitis is rare, it should always be considered and appropriate investigations, including ultrasonography, undertaken.
    Paediatrics and international child health. 11/2012; 32(4):244-5.
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    ABSTRACT: Varicella zoster virus causes varicella which is a common disease. Generally it is self-limiting, and treatment is often unnecessary, but severe or life-threatening complications are rarely seen. We report a case of fulminant varicella complicating with purpura fulminans, hepatitis, and probable rhabdomyolysis in a previously healthy child.
    Indian Journal of Dermatology 11/2012; 57(6):503.
  • Journal of Emergency Medicine 02/2012; 43(1):e65-6. · 1.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Vasculitis in childhood is a result of a spectrum of causes ranging from idiopathic conditions with primary vessel inflammation to syndromes after exposure to recognized antigenic triggers, such as infectious agents and drugs causing hypersensitivity reactions. Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is the most common vasculitis of childhood. Although there is often a history of a recent or simultaneous upper respiratory tract infection, no consistent causative organism is found. We report an 11-year old boy with HSP and brucellosis and we speculated that brucellosis was the trigger agent for HSP (Ref. 13). Keywords: brucellosis, trigger agent, Henoch-Schönlein purpura, vasculitis, infectious agents, drug, hypersensitivity reactions, primary vessel inflammation.
    Bratislavske lekarske listy 01/2012; 113(8):506-7. · 0.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Febrile seizures (FS) are the most common cause of seizures in children. The exact etiopathogenesis is unknown but involves factors like genetic predisposition and alterations in the levels of neurotransmitters and some trace elements. The study includes 48 consecutive children with FS, and 55 healthy age matched control subjects. Calcium, magnesium and potassium concentrations in the febrile study group were lower than in the control group (p<0.05). Iron and Gallium levels in the study group were lower than in the control group (p<0.01). Serum Selenium (p<0.001), Zinc (p<0.001) and Strontium (p0.05). The aim of the present prospective analytical case-control study was to determine whether there was any change in element levels in children with FS (Ref. 33).
    Bratislavske lekarske listy 01/2012; 113(7):421-3. · 0.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Brucellosis is an endemic disease in many areas throughout the world. Central nervous system involvement is a serious complication of brucellosis with a ratio of 4-11% of all patients. Aim: to describe our experience in diagnosis, treatment, and outcome of 25 pediatric patients with neurobrucellosis. This study included a review of medical records of patients who were diagnosed with neurobrucellosis between March 2001 and March 2009. Patients who had both clinical findings consistent with neurobrucellosis and positive microbiologic/serologic examinations of CSF with abnormal CSF findings were enrolled in the study. The study included 25 patients between 1 and 15 years of age (mean 8.8 years), while 15 were males and 10 were females. Most of the patients (52 %) were in the age group of 5-9 years with male predominance. The distribution of cases showed density in June and February. The most commonly presented complaints were headache, fever and sweating while the most commonly observed findings were fever and meningeal irritation signs. All patients had positive cerebrospinal fluid agglutination test for brucellosis. Four different regimens were used based on ceftriaxone, doxycycline, cotrimoxasole, streptomycin, and rifampicin. One patient died, three patients were discharged with sequel, and the remaining patients (84 %) were discharged with full recovery. Clinicians, especially those providing health services in endemic areas like Turkey, should keep in mind that neurobrucellosis can be involved in patients with unexplained symptoms like memory impairment or in patients diagnosed with meningitis (Tab. 5, Fig, 2, Ref. 39).
    Bratislavske lekarske listy 01/2012; 113(7):424-30. · 0.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Brucellosis is a multisystem disease with a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations; hematological abnormalities ranging from fulminant as of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) to anaemia, leucopoenia, thrombocytopenia, and clotting disorders. In this report, we present DIC in a case of brucellosis because of rare presentation. A 3-year-old boy was admitted with the complaints of continuous fever, vomiting, abdominal pain, and bruise on leg. He looked pale and his physical examination revealed purpuric skin lesions on both legs. A mild hepatosplenomegaly was noted on palpation. Laboratory tests showed hematocrit 21%, hemoglobin 7 g/dL, platelet count 20,000/mm(3), prothrombin time 19 seconds, activated partial thromboplastin time 48 seconds, plasma fibrinogen level 20 mg/dL, and D-dimer 8 µg/mL. Serum antibrucella titration agglutination test was found to be 1 of 1280 positive. Blood cultures performed on specimens obtained at the time of admission yielded Brucella melitensis. The clinical and laboratory findings were consistent with DIC.
    Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis 11/2011; 17(6):E10-2. · 1.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hematologic abnormalities of mild anemia and leucopenia have been frequently associated with acute brucellosis, but thrombocytopenia are less frequently seen. In the present study, we documented 5 (2.6%) isolated thrombocytopenic patients with the manifestations of brucellosis observed during the course of active infection. Five (2.6%) patients, 4 boys and 1 girl, with ages ranging from 2 to 14 years, had isolated thrombocytopenic at diagnosis. In 5 (2.6%) patients, platelet counts ranged from 39,000 to 120,000/mm(3). Tube agglutination tests for brucellosis were positive for all patients (1/160-1/1280). All patients recovered completely, and their thrombocytopenia returned to normal by 2 to 4 weeks after antibiotic treatment of brucellosis. In our study, we present 5 patients with Brucella-induced thrombocytopenia mimicking idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura to emphasize the isolated thrombocytopenia and the resolution of thrombocyte counts following treatment of brucellosis.
    Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis 11/2011; 17(6):E36-8. · 1.58 Impact Factor