Giampaolo Talamo

Penn State Hershey Medical Center and Penn State College of Medicine, Hershey, Pennsylvania, United States

Are you Giampaolo Talamo?

Claim your profile

Publications (25)145.7 Total impact

  • Nathan G Dolloff, Giampaolo Talamo
    [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Multiple myeloma (MM) is a plasma cell malignancy and the second most common hematologic cancer. MM is characterized by the accumulation of malignant plasma cells within the bone marrow, and presents clinically with a broad range of symptoms, including hypercalcemia, renal insufficiency, anemia, and lytic bone lesions. MM is a heterogeneous disease associated with genomic instability, where patients may express multiple genetic abnormalities that affect several oncogenic pathways. Commonly detected genetic aberrations are translocations involving immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH) switch regions (chromosome 14q32) and oncogenes such as c-maf [t(14:16)], cyclin D1 [t(11:14)], and FGFR3/MMSET [t(4:14)]. Advances in the basic understanding of MM and the development of novel agents, such as the immunomodulatory drugs (IMiDs) thalidomide and lenalidomide and the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib, have increased therapeutic response rates and prolonged patient survival. Despite these advances MM remains incurable in the majority of patients, and it is therefore critical to identify additional therapeutic strategies and targets for its treatment. In this chapter, we review the underlying genetic components of MM and discuss the results of recent clinical trials that demonstrate the effectiveness of targeted agents in the management of MM. In addition, we discuss experimental therapies that are currently in clinical development along with their molecular rationale in the treatment of MM.
    Advances in experimental medicine and biology 01/2013; 779:197-221. · 1.83 Impact Factor
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Despite significant treatment advances over the past decade, multiple myeloma (MM) remains largely incurable. In this study we found that MM cells were remarkably sensitive to the death-inducing effects of a new class of sangivamycin-like molecules (SLMs). A panel of structurally related SLMs selectively induced apoptosis in MM cells but not other tumor or non-malignant cell lines at sub-micromolar concentrations. SLM6 was the most active compound in vivo, where it was well-tolerated and significantly inhibited growth and induced apoptosis of MM tumors. We determined that the anti-MM activity of SLM6 was mediated by direct inhibition of cyclin-dependent kinase 9 (CDK9), which resulted in transcriptional repression of oncogenes that are known to drive MM progression (c-Maf, cyclin D1, and c-Myc). Furthermore, SLM6 demonstrated superior in vivo anti-MM activity over the CDK inhibitor flavopiridol, which is currently in clinical trials for MM. These findings demonstrate that SLM6 is a novel CDK9 inhibitor with promising preclinical activity as an anti-MM agent.
    Molecular Cancer Therapeutics 09/2012; · 5.60 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: There is little data comparing the activity and toxicity of donor lymphocyte therapy with granulocyte (G)-CSF-mobilized cells (G-donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI)) with the conventionally collected DLI (C-DLI) after allogeneic blood or marrow transplantation. We retrospectively evaluated 67 patients to compare the efficacy and toxicity of GCSF-mobilized DLI with C-DLI in the treatment of relapse of malignant disease or poor donor engraftment post transplant. We assessed clinical outcomes that may represent the immunological outcome of DLI. The median OS was 210 days (range 3-2436 days), 291 days (range 17-1491 days) in the G-DLI group (15 patients) and 207.5 days (range 3-2436 days) in the C-DLI group (52 patients). The median PFS time was 72 days (range 8-1491 days) in the G-DLI group vs 82 days (range 1-2436 days) in the C-DLI group. Rates of post DLI GVHD and improvement in donor engraftment were similar in the G-DLI and C-DLI groups. We conclude that G-DLI appears to have similar therapeutic activity to that seen with C-DLI, and where such cells are available they may be substituted for conventional donor lymphocytes.Bone Marrow Transplantation advance online publication, 6 August 2012; doi:10.1038/bmt.2012.144.
    Bone marrow transplantation 08/2012; · 3.00 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Plasma cell leukemia (PCL) is a rare hematologic malignancy with aggressive clinical and biologic features. Data regarding its prognosis with the use of the novel agents, i.e., the immunomodulatory drugs thalidomide and lenalidomide, and the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib, are limited. We retrospectively reviewed clinical outcomes, response to therapy, and survival of 17 patients seen at the Penn State Hershey Cancer Institute since the availability of novel agents (2006-2011). Twelve patients had primary PCL (pPCL), and 5 secondary PCL (sPCL). PCL was associated with aggressive clinicobiological features, such as high-risk cytogenetics, elevated serum beta-2-microglobulin and lactate dehydrogenase, International Staging System stage III, and rapid relapse after therapy. With the use of thalidomide, lenalidomide, and bortezomib in 53%, 53%, and 88% patients, respectively, median overall survival (OS) was 18 months in the whole group (95% confidence interval, 11-21 months), and 21 and 4 months in pPCL and sPCL, respectively (P=0.015). OS was inferior to that of 313 consecutive patients with multiple myeloma (MM) treated in the same period, even when compared with a subset of 47 MM with high-risk cytogenetics. Although our data are limited by the small sample size, we conclude that novel agents may modestly improve survival in patients with PCL, when compared to historical controls. Novel therapies do not seem to overcome the negative prognosis of PCL as compared with MM.
    Rare tumors 06/2012; 4(3):e39.
  • Source
    [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Little is known about the degree of pain experienced by patients undergoing a bone marrow aspiration and biopsy (BMAB). To evaluate the effectiveness of several strategies aimed at reducing the pain score. We conducted a retrospective analysis of 258 consecutive adult patients who underwent BMAB via 6 different approaches, the first 5 of which were performed by one physician. Group A received local anesthesia with 1% lidocaine hydrochloride (5 mL) and a 5-minute wait time before the procedure; group B received local anesthesia with a double dose (10 mL) of lidocaine; group C received 5 mL of local anesthesia with a 10-minute wait; group D received 5 mL of local anesthesia plus a topical spray with ethyl chloride; group E received oral analgesia and anxiolysis 30 minutes before the procedure in addition to the group A dosage of lidocaine; and group F received the same anesthesia as did group A, but the BMAD was performed by a less experienced practitioner. On a 0 to 10 scale, the mean pain level among the 258 patients was 3.2 (standard deviation = 2.6). Rate of complications was low (<1%). Several strategies failed to improve the pain level, including the administration of a double dose of local anesthesia, waiting longer for the anesthesia effect, and the additional use of a topical anesthetic spray or oral analgesia and anxiolysis. Pain levels were not increased when the procedure was done by a less experienced practitioner. Younger age and female gender were associated with higher pain levels. Given that the average level of perceived pain during BMAB is low to moderate (approximately 3 on a 0-10 scale), the routine use of conscious sedation for this procedure may not be indicated. Several strategies aimed at reducing the pain level, including doubling the dose of anesthesia and using an oral prophylactic regimen of analgesia and anxiolysis, failed to improve pain scores.
    The journal of supportive oncology 05/2012; 10(4):166-70.
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: High-dose melphalan (HD-Mel) is considered the current standard of care among the preparative regimens used in autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (SCT) for multiple myeloma (MM), but optimal time and schedule of administration is not defined. We retrospectively analyzed outcomes and toxicities of HD-Mel administered on day -2 vs. day -1 before autologous stem cells infusion. A total of 138 consecutive MM patients treated at Penn State Hershey Cancer Institute between 2007 and 2010 were included in this study. No difference in time to hematopoietic recovery, common SCT-related toxicities, and clinical outcomes was seen between patients who received HD-Mel on day -2 (group A, n = 47), and those who received it on day -1 (group B, n = 91). Prompt and full hematopoietic recovery occurred even when stem cells were infused between 8 and 24 h after completion of chemotherapy. In the absence of prospective and randomized data, we conclude that a single I.V. infusion of HD-Mel on day -1 is a safe and effective practice, and the so-called 'day of rest' before the transplant appears not to be necessary.
    European Journal Of Haematology 04/2012; 89(2):145-50. · 2.55 Impact Factor
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Although the typical clinical manifestations of multiple myeloma (MM) are summarized by the CRAB symptoms (hypercalcemia, renal insufficiency, anemia, and bone lesions), a significant proportion of patients with MM present with a variety of other clinical manifestations. We conducted a study evaluating the presenting symptoms that led to the diagnosis of MM. We conducted a retrospective review of 170 consecutive patients with MM seen at the Penn State Hershey Cancer Institute. Among patients with symptomatic MM, 74% presented with CRAB symptoms, 20% presented with non-CRAB manifestations, and 6% had both clinical features. Ten categories of non-CRAB manifestations were found, in order of decreasing frequency: neuropathy (because of spinal cord compression, nerve root compression, or peripheral neuropathy), extramedullary involvement, hyperviscosity syndrome, concomitant amyloidosis (eg, nephrotic syndrome or cardiopathy), hemorrhage/coagulopathy, systemic symptoms (eg, fever or weight loss), primary plasma cell leukemia, infections, cryoglobulinemia, and secondary gout. Kaplan-Meier estimates of survival in patients with non-CRAB manifestations did not show a significant difference from the survival of patients presenting with CRAB symptoms. Presenting symptoms of MM may be grouped in a total of 14 categories, 4 for the CRAB and 10 for the less common non-CRAB features. Grouped together, non-CRAB manifestations do not appear to confer a negative effect on the prognosis of patients with MM.
    Clinical lymphoma, myeloma & leukemia 12/2010; 10(6):464-8.
  • Source
    [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We describe a case of multiple myeloma (MM) and secondary plasma cell leukemia (PCL) secreting IgE-kappa immunoglobulin. To our knowledge, only 2 cases of IgE-producing secondary PCL have been reported in the medical literature. In our patient, the only tumor marker available for monitoring the therapeutic response to chemotherapy and allogeneic stem cell transplantation was the quantitative M component at serum protein electrophoresis (SPEP), because serum free light chains were in the normal range, Bence-Jones proteinuria was absent, and quantitative serum IgE levels provided inaccurate and erratic results, due to the prozone effect. This is a laboratory phenomenon that occurs when antigen excess interferes with antibody-based methods requiring immune complex formation for detection. It is important to recognize the presence of a prozone effect, because it can produce falsely normal results, and therefore it could lead clinicians to incorrect assessment of the response to therapy.
    Journal of Hematology & Oncology 01/2010; 3:32. · 4.46 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We report the case of a 57-year-old patient with multiple myeloma, characterized by extramedullary involvement of the rectum at presentation. Malignant plasma cells were found to produce carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), a tumor antigen more commonly associated with rectal adenocarcinomas.
    Rare tumors 01/2010; 2(1):e4.
  • Acta Haematologica 01/2010; 123(4):226-9. · 0.89 Impact Factor
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Medical literature provides only scarce data about the degree of pain experienced by patients undergoing a bone marrow aspiration and biopsy (BMAB), and little is known about the factors that can modify the perception of pain. In this study, we evaluated the effectiveness of a combination of analgesia and anxiolysis in reducing the pain score of patients undergoing BMAB. Eighty-four consecutive adult patients underwent BMAB after local anesthesia with 5 mL of lidocaine hydrochloride 1% aqueous solution in the left posterior superior iliac crest. Analgesia was obtained with acetaminophen 650 mg and oxycodone 10 mg, and anxiolysis was obtained with lorazepam 2 mg, all drugs given once orally 30 min before the procedure. We assessed the pain level with the Wong-Baker Faces Pain Rating Scale, which distinguishes six levels of pain, from 0 to 5. The 34 patients who received an oral administration of analgesia and anxiolysis reported pain at lower levels, i.e., in the range of 0-2, more frequently than the 50 patients who underwent BMAB without analgesia/anxiolysis (78% vs 64%, respectively). Among several predictors analyzed using a multivariate regression model, three were found to be associated with decreased pain level: the use of analgesia/anxiolysis, male sex, and increase in age (all with p values <0.05). Length of the extracted bone specimen, body mass index, and need of a spinal needle for anesthesia in obese patients did not predict for pain level. An oral administration of prophylactic regimen of analgesia and anxiolysis, at the above-mentioned doses, produced a statistically significant reduction of the perception of pain in patients undergoing BMAB, but its effect did not seem to provide a major and clinically significant reduction of pain level.
    Supportive Care in Cancer 06/2009; 18(3):301-5. · 2.09 Impact Factor
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The therapeutic use of thalidomide in patients with multiple myeloma is often complicated by the development of venous thromboembolism. The objective of the present study was to identify hypercoagulable states associated with development of venous thromboembolism in thalidomide-treated multiple myeloma patients. We screened 49 consecutive multiple myeloma patients treated with thalidomide at baseline for hypercoagulability. With a median follow-up of 11 months, 10 of 49 multiple myeloma patients developed a thrombotic episode. Laboratory assays revealed an underlying abnormality in nine of the 10 patients; hypercoagulable screenings were normal in 36 of the 39 patients who did not develop venous thromboembolism (P < 0.0001). Our retrospective study results suggest that the multiple myeloma patients with thromboembolic complications during treatment with thalidomide have a frequent concomitant underlying thrombophilic state.
    Blood coagulation & fibrinolysis: an international journal in haemostasis and thrombosis 04/2009; 20(5):337-9. · 1.25 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: High-dose melphalan is considered the current standard of care among the preparative regimens used in peripheral blood autologous SCT (ASCT) for multiple myeloma (MM). We report the results of a single ASCT in 79 MM patients using the BU/CY conditioning regimen, with BU 1 mg/kg p.o. or 0.8 mg/kg i.v. every 6 h x 16 doses, and CY 60 mg/kg per day i.v. for 2 days. ASCT was carried out in first (62%) or subsequent remission/refractory disease (38%). For an overall RR of 86%, 48 and 20 patients achieved PR and CR, respectively. At a median follow-up of 41 months (range 2-132 months), the estimated median OS and PFS were 45 months (95% confidence interval (CI)=38-92) and 20 months (95% CI=15-25), respectively. The BU/CY regimen was well tolerated, and transplant-related mortality was 4%. Clinical outcomes of the BU/CY regimen are not superior to those obtained in historical controls with high-dose melphalan followed by a single ASCT. Therefore, considering even the greater complexity of administration of the BU/CY regimen compared with that of single-agent melphalan, we believe the latter should remain the conditioning regimen of choice for ASCT in MM.
    Bone marrow transplantation 03/2009; 44(3):157-61. · 3.00 Impact Factor
  • Annals of Hematology 02/2009; 88(8):807-9. · 2.87 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 01/2009; 27(4):637-8. · 18.04 Impact Factor
  • American Journal of Hematology 08/2008; 83(11):883-4. · 4.00 Impact Factor
  • American Journal of Hematology 06/2007; 82(5):414-5. · 4.00 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We report 24 cases of multiple myeloma (MM) with involvement of the gastrointestinal (GI) system. We found a strong association with high A lactate dehydrogenase levels, plasmablastic morphology, and A unfavorable karyotype. GI involvement at the time of initial diagnosis was much rarer than later in the course of the disease. The A median survival after diagnosis of GI involvement was 7 months. Among 13 patients treated with stem cell transplantation, the response rate was 92%, and median progression-free survival was 4 months. We conclude that MM involving the GI system is associated with adverse biological features and with short-lasting remissions, even after A high-dose chemotherapy.
    Haematologica 08/2006; 91(7):964-7. · 5.94 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: High-dose therapy with melphalan can prolong survival among patients with multiple myeloma. We assessed whether the addition of thalidomide, which has activity against advanced and refractory myeloma, would further improve survival. Between October 1998 and February 2004, 668 patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma received two cycles of intensive melphalan-based chemotherapy, each supported by autologous hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation. A total of 323 were randomly assigned to receive thalidomide from the outset until disease progression or undue adverse effects, and 345 did not receive thalidomide. The primary end point was the five-year event-free survival rate. Secondary end points were complete response and overall survival. After a median follow-up of 42 months among survivors, the thalidomide and control groups had rates of complete response of 62 percent and 43 percent, respectively (P<0.001), and five-year event-free survival rates of 56 percent and 44 percent (P=0.01). The five-year rate of overall survival was approximately 65 percent in both groups (P=0.90). Median survival after relapse was 1.1 years in the thalidomide group and 2.7 years in the control group (P=0.001). Severe peripheral neuropathy and deep-vein thrombosis occurred more frequently in the thalidomide group than in the control group. When incorporated into high-dose therapy for myeloma, thalidomide increased the frequency of complete responses and extended event-free survival at the expense of added adverse effects without improving overall survival. (ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00083551.).
    New England Journal of Medicine 04/2006; 354(10):1021-30. · 51.66 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To identify a correlation between metaphase cytogenetics and relapse after reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) allotransplant for patients with multiple myeloma, data on 60 patients (median age 52) who received grafts from a sibling (n = 49) or unrelated donor (n = 11) were analyzed. Fifty-three patients (88%) showed chromosomal abnormalities (CA) before the allotransplant, including 42 with abnormalities involving 13q (CA13). Twenty-two patients (41%) relapsed post-allotransplant at a median of 165 days. Of these, 11 patients showed abnormal cytogenetics at the time of post-allotransplant relapse at a median of 167 days. Of 54 patients who developed graft-versus-host disease, relapse occurred in 19 of 48 patients (43%) with CA present before RCI allotransplant, versus 1 of 6 without CA (17%) (P = 0.06). Loss of CA before RIC allotransplant and disease status > PR after RIC allotransplant were significantly associated with a lower risk of post-allotransplant relapse with cytogenetic abnormalities; 5.2 vs 36%, and 18 vs 53%, (both P < 0.05), respectively. The current data suggests that myeloma associated with persistent clonal cytogenetic abnormalities is an entity which most likely escapes the effects of a graft versus myeloma activity, maybe because of acquisition of resistance to immunologic manipulations.
    Bone Marrow Transplantation 03/2006; 37(5):511-5. · 3.54 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

645 Citations
24 Downloads
2k Views
145.70 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2008–2013
    • Penn State Hershey Medical Center and Penn State College of Medicine
      • Division of Hematology-Oncology
      Hershey, Pennsylvania, United States
  • 2009
    • PinnacleHealth Harrisburg Hospital in Harrisburg
      Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, United States
  • 2003–2007
    • University of Arkansas at Little Rock
      Little Rock, Arkansas, United States