Odile Sabido

Université Jean Monnet, Saint-Étienne, Rhône-Alpes, France

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Publications (85)262.66 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Amorphous silica is a particularly interesting material because of its inertness and chemical stability. Silica nanoparticles have been recently developed for biomedical purposes but their innocuousness must be carefully investigated before clinical use. The relationship between nanoparticles physicochemical features, their uptake by cells and their biological activity represents a crucial issue, especially for the development of nanomedicine. This work aimed at adapting a method for the quantification of nanoparticle endocytosis based on pH-sensitive and double fluorescent particles. For that purpose, silica nanoparticles containing two fluorophores: FITC and pHrodo(TM) were developed, their respective fluorescence emission depends on the external pH. Indeed, FITC emits a green fluorescence at physiological pH and pHrodo(TM) emits a red fluorescence which intensity increased with acidification. Therefore, nanoparticles remained outside the cells could be clearly distinguished from nanoparticles uptaken by cells as these latter could be spotted inside cellular acidic compartments (such as phagolysosomes, micropinosomes…). Using this model, the endocytosis of 60 nm nanoparticles incubated with the RAW 264.7 macrophages was quantified using time-lapse microscopy and compared to that of 130 nm submicronic particles. The amount of internalized particles was also evaluated by fluorimetry. The biological impact of the particles was also investigated in terms of cytotoxicity, pro-inflammatory response and oxidative stress. Results clearly demonstrated that nanoparticles were more uptaken and more reactive than submicronic particles. Moreover, we validated a method of endocytosis quantification.
    Biomedical Microdevices 04/2015; 17(2):9947. DOI:10.1007/s10544-015-9947-8 · 2.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bone sialoprotein (BSP) and osteopontin (OPN) belong to the small integrin-binding ligand N-linked glycoprotein (SIBLING) family, whose members interact with bone cells and bone mineral. Previously, we showed that BSP knockout (BSP(-/-) ) mice have a higher bone mass than wild type (BSP(+/+) ) littermates, with very low bone-formation activity and reduced osteoclast surfaces and numbers. Here we report that approximately twofold fewer tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRACP)-positive cells and approximately fourfold fewer osteoclasts form in BSP(-/-) compared with BSP(+/+) spleen cell cultures. BSP(-/-) preosteoclast cultures display impaired proliferation and enhanced apoptosis. Addition of RGD-containing proteins restores osteoclast number in BSP(-/-) cultures to BSP(+/+) levels. The expression of osteoclast-associated genes is markedly altered in BSP(-/-) osteoclasts, with reduced expression of cell adhesion and migration genes (αV integrin chain and OPN) and increased expression of resorptive enzymes (TRACP and cathepsin K). The migration of preosteoclasts and mature osteoclasts is impaired in the absence of BSP, but resorption pit assays on dentine slices show no significant difference in pit numbers between BSP(+/+) and BSP(-/-) osteoclasts. However, resorption of mineral-coated slides by BSP(-/-) osteoclasts is markedly impaired but is fully restored by coating the mineral substrate with hrBSP and partly restored by hrOPN coating. In conclusion, lack of BSP affects both osteoclast formation and activity, which is in accordance with in vivo findings. Our results also suggest at least some functional redundancy between BSP and OPN that remains to be clarified.
    Journal of bone and mineral research: the official journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research 12/2010; 25(12):2669-79. DOI:10.1002/jbmr.245 · 6.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The use of micro- or nanometric particles is in full expansion for the development of new technologies. These particles may exhibit variable toxicity levels depending on their physicochemical characteristics. We focused our attention on macrophages (MA), the main target cells of the respiratory system responsible for the phagocytosis of the particles. The quantification of the amount of phagocytosed particles seems to be a major element for a better knowledge of toxicity mechanisms. The aim of this study was to develop a quantitative evaluation of uptake using both flow cytometry (FCM) and confocal microscopy to distinguish entirely engulfed fluorescent microsized particles from those just adherent to the cell membrane and to compare these data to in vitro toxicity assessments. Fluorescent particles of variable and well-characterised sizes and surface coatings were incubated with MA (RAW 264.7 cell line). Analyses were performed using confocal microscopy and FCM. The biological toxicity of the particles was evaluated [lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production]. Confocal imaging allowed visualization of entirely engulfed beads. The amount of phagocytic cells was greater for carboxylate 2-µm beads (49 ± 11%) than for amine 1-µm beads (18 ± 5%). Similarly, side scatter geometric means, reflecting cellular complexity, were 446 ± 7 and 139 ± 12, respectively. These results confirm that the phagocytosis level highly depends on the size and surface chemical groups of the particles. Only TNF-α and global ROS production varied significantly after 24-h incubation. There was no effect on LDH and H(2)O(2) production.
    Inhalation Toxicology 11/2010; 22(13):1091-100. DOI:10.3109/08958378.2010.522781 · 1.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mitochondria can sense signals linked to variations in energy demand to regulate nuclear gene expression. This retrograde signaling pathway is presumed to be involved in the regulation of myoblast proliferation and differentiation. Rhabdomyosarcoma cells are characterized by their failure to both irreversibly exit the cell cycle and complete myogenic differentiation. However, it is currently unknown whether mitochondria are involved in the failure of rhabdomyosarcoma cells to differentiate. Mitochondrial biogenesis and metabolism were studied in rat L6E9 myoblasts and R1H rhabdomyosacoma cells during the cell cycle and after 36 hours of differentiation. Using a combination of flow cytometry, polarographic and molecular analyses, we evidenced a marked decrease in the cardiolipin content of R1H cells cultured in growth and differentiation media, together with a significant increase in the content of mitochondrial biogenesis factors and mitochondrial respiratory chain proteins. Altogether, these data indicate that the mitochondrial inner membrane composition and the overall process of mitochondrial biogenesis are markedly altered in R1H cells. Importantly, the dysregulation of protein-to-cardiolipin ratio was associated with major deficiencies in both basal and maximal mitochondrial respiration rates. This deficiency in mitochondrial respiration probably contributes to the inability of R1H cells to decrease mitochondrial H2O2 level at the onset of differentiation. A defect in the regulation of mitochondrial biogenesis and mitochondrial metabolism may thus be an epigenetic mechanism that may contribute to the tumoral behavior of R1H cells. Our data underline the importance of mitochondria in the regulation of myogenic differentiation.
    PLoS ONE 01/2010; 5(1):e8637. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0008637 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In co-cultures of pachytene spermatocytes with Sertoli cells, beta-NGF regulates the second meiotic division by blocking secondary spermatocytes in metaphase (metaphase II), and thereby lowers round spermatid formation. In vertebrates, mature oocytes are arrested at metaphase II until fertilization, because of the presence of cytostatic factor (CSF) in their cytoplasm. By analogy, we hypothesized the presence of CSF in male germ cells. We show here, that Mos, Emi2, cyclin E and Cdk2, the four proteins of CSF, and their respective mRNAs, are present in male rat meiotic cells; this was assessed by using Western blotting, immunocytochemistry and reverse transcriptase PCR. We measured the relative cellular levels of Mos, Emi2, Cyclin E and Cdk2 in the meiotic cells by flow cytometry and found that the four proteins increased throughout the first meiotic prophase, reaching their highest levels in middle to late pachytene spermatocytes, then decreased following the meiotic divisions. In co-cultures of pachytene spermatocytes with Sertoli cells, beta-NGF increased the number of metaphases II, while enhancing Mos and Emi2 levels in middle to late pachytene spermatocytes, pachytene spermatocytes in division and secondary spermatocytes. Our results suggest that CSF is not restricted to the oocyte. In addition, they reinforce the view that NGF, by enhancing Mos in late spermatocytes, is one of the intra-testicular factors which adjusts the number of round spermatids that can be supported by Sertoli cells.
    PLoS ONE 10/2009; 4(10):e7237. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0007237 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Expression of CD56 was analyzed by indirect immunofluorescence method on bone marrow samples from 94 newly diagnosed patients with acute leukemia (AL), including 59 acute myelogenous leukemias (AML) and 35 acute lymphoblastic leukemias (ALL). CD56 was expressed on 17 f 18% (range: 0-728) of AML cells and 24 f 248 (range: 0-988) of ALL cells. without significant diffcrences between FAB subtypes in AML, nor immunologic subtypes in ALL. Expression of CD56 was not associated with any clinical or biological characteristic at diagnosis, nor with prognosis in AML or ALL. We do not confirm previously described relationships between CDS6 expression and initial characteristics and evolution of acute leukemia.
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    STPMF 2009 (Science et Technologie des Poudres et Matériaux Frittés), Montpellier, 27 au 29 mai 2009, 978-2-9528140-1-0, Montpellier (FRANCE); 05/2009
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    ABSTRACT: Mitochondria can sense signals linked to changes in energy demand to affect nuclear gene expression. This retrograde signaling pathway is presumed to be involved in the regulation of myoblast proliferation and differentiation. We have investigated the regulation of mitochondrial biogenesis and production of putative retrograde signaling agents [hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) and Ca(2+)] during the cell cycle and the onset of differentiation in L6E9 muscle cells. The biosynthesis of cardiolipin and mitochondrial proteins was mainly achieved in S phase, whereas the expression of mitochondrial biogenesis factors [peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-alpha, PPAR-delta, and neuronal nitric oxide synthase 1] was regularly increased from G(1) to G(2)M phase. In agreement with the increase in mitochondrial membrane potential, mitochondria in S and G(2)M phases have a significantly higher H(2)O(2) level when compared with G(1) phase. By contrast, the onset of differentiation was characterized by a marked reduction in mitochondrial protein expression and mitochondrial H(2)O(2) level. The capacity of mitochondria to release Ca(2+) in response to a metabolic challenge was significantly decreased at the onset of differentiation. Finally, an increase in calmodulin expression in S and G(2)M phases and a transitory increase in phosphorylated nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT) c3 in S phase was observed. NFATc3 phosphorylation was markedly decreased at the onset of differentiation. Our data point to functional links between the control of mitochondrial biogenesis and the regulation of the level of retrograde signaling agents during the cell cycle and the onset of differentiation in L6E9 muscle cells.
    AJP Cell Physiology 04/2009; 296(5):C1185-94. DOI:10.1152/ajpcell.00377.2008 · 3.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine whether (99m)Tc-glucarate ((99m)Tc-GLA) is a powerful and discriminant tumour necrosis marker. The induction of apoptosis and secondary necrosis (by a chemotherapeutic agent) and necrosis (by intense hyperthermia) was studied on an in vitro and in vivo leukaemic cell line model (U937). The percentage of apoptosis/necrosis in vitro was determined by flow cytometry after staining cells with annexin-V-fluorescein/propidium iodide. The uptake of (99m)Tc-GLA was studied after treatments that produce an optimal of necrosis cells or apoptotic cells. Three populations of interest: viable, apoptotic and necrotic cells were sorted by flow cytometry. The uptake and the intracellular distribution of (99m)Tc-GLA on each population have been studied. We also investigated the influence of necrosis on (99m)Tc-GLA uptake in a model of U937 xenografts in nude mice. The accumulation of (99m)Tc-GLA in untreated and apoptotic cells was lower than in necrotic cells. Cell sorting discriminated each cellular population and showed a 14% accumulation in necrotic cells and no more than a 3% in apoptotic cells. In apoptotic and viable cells, (99m)Tc-GLA is distributed between the cytosolic/membrane and the nucleus fractions. In necrotic cells, (99m)Tc-GLA is mainly found in the nucleus fraction. In vivo investigations showed a higher (99m)Tc-GLA uptake in necrotic tumour than in apoptotic and control ones. (99m)Tc-GLA may be a useful agent to specifically evaluate tumour necrosis and may be helpful for the follow-up of patients with cancer.
    European journal of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging 08/2008; 35(7):1290-8. · 5.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose The aim of this study was to determine whether 99mTc-glucarate (99mTc-GLA) is a powerful and discriminant tumour necrosis marker. Materials and methods The induction of apoptosis and secondary necrosis (by a chemotherapeutic agent) and necrosis (by intense hyperthermia) was studied on an in vitro and in vivo leukaemic cell line model (U937). The percentage of apoptosis/necrosis in vitro was determined by flow cytometry after staining cells with annexin-V-fluorescein/propidium iodide. The uptake of 99mTc-GLA was studied after treatments that produce an optimal of necrosis cells or apoptotic cells. Three populations of interest: viable, apoptotic and necrotic cells were sorted by flow cytometry. The uptake and the intracellular distribution of 99mTc-GLA on each population have been studied. We also investigated the influence of necrosis on 99mTc-GLA uptake in a model of U937 xenografts in nude mice. Results The accumulation of 99mTc-GLA in untreated and apoptotic cells was lower than in necrotic cells. Cell sorting discriminated each cellular population and showed a 14% accumulation in necrotic cells and no more than a 3% in apoptotic cells. In apoptotic and viable cells, 99mTc-GLA is distributed between the cytosolic/membrane and the nucleus fractions. In necrotic cells, 99mTc-GLA is mainly found in the nucleus fraction. In vivo investigations showed a higher 99mTc-GLA uptake in necrotic tumour than in apoptotic and control ones. Conclusions 99mTc-GLA may be a useful agent to specifically evaluate tumour necrosis and may be helpful for the follow-up of patients with cancer.
    European journal of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging 07/2008; 35(7):1290-1298. DOI:10.1007/s00259-007-0689-6 · 5.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Progression of germ cells through meiosis is regulated by phosphorylation events. We previously showed the key role of cyclin dependent kinases in meiotic divisions of rat spermatocytes co-cultured with Sertoli cells (SC). In the present study, we used the same culture system to address the role of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) in meiotic progression. Phosphorylated ERK1/2 were detected in vivo and in freshly isolated SC and in pachytene spermatocytes (PS) as early as 3 h after seeding on SC. The yield of the two meiotic divisions and the percentage of highly MPM-2-labeled pachytene and secondary spermatocytes (SII) were decreased in co-cultures treated with U0126, an inhibitor of the ERK-activating kinases, MEK1/2. Pre-incubation of PS with U0126 resulted in a reduced number of in vitro formed round spermatids without modifying the number of SII or the MPM-2 labeling of PS or SII. Conversely, pre-treatment of SC with U0126 led to a decrease in the percentage of highly MPM-2-labeled PS associated with a decreased number of SII and round spermatids. These results show that meiotic progression of spermatocytes is dependent on SC-activated MAPKs. In addition, high MPM-2 labeling was not acquired by PS cultured alone in Sertoli cell conditioned media, indicating a specific need for cell-cell contact between germ cells and SC.
    Developmental Biology 04/2008; 315(1):173-88. DOI:10.1016/j.ydbio.2007.12.019 · 3.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cryopreservation/thawing of bovine spermatozoa induces a reduction in cell viability and is possibly associated with a form of programmed cell death that we previously named 'apoptosis-like phenomenon'. In this study, we specified, by flow cytometry, the moment of appearance of some characteristics of apoptosis during the cryopreservation process. We also studied the presence and/or activation in bovine sperm cells of specific proteins involved in somatic cell apoptosis by western blot and fluorimetry. A decrease of the mitochondrial membrane potential (DeltaPsim) was detectable 5 min after sperm dilution in the cryopreservation medium, caspase activation after 3 h of equilibration and an increase in plasma membrane permeability after the complete process of cryopreservation/thawing. The presence of the pro-apoptotic factor Bax, a protein that facilitates the formation of mitochondrial pores, was observed in bovine spermatozoa, but the anti-apoptotic factor Bcl-2 was not detectable. Moreover, it was observed that bovine spermatozoa contain cytochrome c and apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF), two proteins usually released from the mitochondria during the apoptotic process. Activated caspase-9, involved in the mitochondrial pathway, was detected in bovine spermatozoa but not caspase-3 and -8. The early features of apoptosis appear as ordered events during the cryopreservation/thawing process of bovine sperm cells. Bovine spermatozoa contain the machinery necessary to proceed to apoptosis involving especially the mitochondrial pathway.
    Human Reproduction 03/2007; 22(2):380-8. DOI:10.1093/humrep/del399 · 4.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Glial cell-line-derived neurotropic factor (GDNF) and its receptors glial cell-line-derived neurotropic factor alpha (GFR1alpha) and rearranged during transformation (RET) have been localized in the rat testis during postnatal development. The three mRNAs, and GDNF and GFR1alpha proteins were detected in testis extracts from 1- to 90-day-old rats by reverse transcriptase PCR and Western blotting respectively. The three mRNAs were present in Sertoli cells from 20- and 55-day-old rats, pachytene spermatocytes (PS), and round spermatids (RS). The GDNF and GFR1alpha proteins were detected in PS, RS, and Sertoli cells. GDNF and GFR1alpha were also detected using flow cytometry in spermatogonia and preleptotene spermatocytes, and in secondary spermatocytes. The localization of GDNF and GFR1alpha in germ and Sertoli cells was confirmed by immunocytochemistry. The hypothesis that GDNF may control DNA synthesis of Sertoli cells and/or spermatogonia in the immature rat was addressed using cultures of seminiferous tubules from 7- to 8-day-old rats. Addition of GDNF for 48 h resulted in a twofold decrease in the percentage of spermatogonia able to duplicate DNA, whereas Sertoli cells were not affected. These results are consistent with a role of GDNF in inhibiting the S-phase entrance of a large subset of differentiated type A spermatogonia, together with an enhancing effect of the factor on a small population of undifferentiated (stem cells) spermatogonia. Moreover, the wide temporal and spatial expression of GDNF and its receptors in the rat testis suggest that it might act at several stages of spermatogenesis.
    Journal of Endocrinology 08/2006; 190(1):59-71. DOI:10.1677/joe.1.06699 · 3.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Translocation of phosphatidylserine (PS) from the inner to the outer leaflet of the plasma membrane is a modification of the lipid architecture occurring in sperm. This is one of the earliest signs of apoptosis that can be monitored by the calcium-dependent binding of annexin V. Flow cytometric analysis of annexin V binding was performed. Calcium ionophore A23187 led to a significant increase in the proportion of living sperm with PS exposure: 7.3 3.2% of cells in the untreated ejaculate versus 47.5 5.6% of cells after 1 h of incubation with A23187. Conversely, diminution of mitochondrial membrane potential [DiOC6(3)/propidium iodide (PI) assay], caspase activation [fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-Val-Ala-Asp-fluoromethylketone (VAD-FMK)/PI assay], increased plasma membrane permeability (Yo-Pro-1/PI assay) and increased DNA fragmentation [TdT (terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase)-mediated dUDP nick-end labelling assay], which are among the main signs of apoptosis, were not observed in sperm, even after 4 h of incubation with A23187. However, A23187 significantly increased the proportion of sperm with plasma membrane scrambling and with a reacted acrosome, as detected with the merocyanine 540 probe (M540) and the monoclonal anti-human CD46-PE antibody respectively. Our results suggest that PS exposure in human sperm, as induced by A23187, is mainly related to the acrosome reaction rather than to apoptosis.
    Human Reproduction 01/2006; 20(12):3459-68. DOI:10.1093/humrep/dei245 · 4.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: La congélation des spermatozoïdes éjaculés bovins induit une mortalité cellulaire élevée. Au cours d’une étude préliminaire, nous avions décrit qu’elle s’accompagne d’un processus où apparaissent plusieurs caractéristiques précoces de l’apoptose: i) diminution du potentiel de membrane mitochondrial (Δψm, ii) activation des caspases, iii) augmentation de la perméabilité membranaire, sans apparition des caractéristiques tardives: iv) pas de fragmentation de l’ADN. Pour préciser ce mécanisme, nous avons étudlé séparément l’effet des différentes étapes de la congélation des spermatozoïdes bovins: dilution dans le milieu de congélation, équilibration et congélation dans l’azote liquide/décongélation. L’apoptose et la réaction acrosomique ont été analysées en cytométrie en flux et la présence d’AIF (Apoptosis Inducing Factor) enwestern blot. Nous avons observé que la dilution dans le milieu de congélation induisait immédiatement une augmentation massive de la proportion de spermatozoïdes avec un Δψm faible. Puls, dès l’équilibration, la proportion de spermatozoïdes contenant des caspases actives commence à augmenter. Après le processus complet de congélation/décongélation, cette population est maximale et la perméabilité membranaire apparaît. Ces résultats montrent que le processus “apoptosis-like” est déclenché dès les premières étapes de la congélation. Nous avons aussi mis en évidence la présence d’AIF, ce qui suggère l’implication d’une voie indépendante des caspases, annexe à la voie des caspases. Cryopreservation of ejaculated bovine spermatozoa induces severe cell death. In a preliminary study, we observed that cryopreservation and/or thawing was also associated with early apoptotic features in living spermatozoa: i) decrease of the mitochondrial membrane potentialαψm), ii) caspase activation, iii) increase of membrane permeability, without the appearance of late characteristics: iv) no DNA fragmentation. This process has been called “apoptosis-like”. In this study, we evaluated the consequences of each step of cryopreservation of bovine spermatozoa: dilution in cryopreservation medium, equilibration and cryopreservation in liquid nitrogen/thawing. Apoptosis and acrosomal reaction were analysed by flow cytometry and the presence of AIF (Apoptosis Inducing Factor) was analysed by western blot. We observed that dilution in cryopreservation medium induced a marked and immediate increase of the proportion of living spermatozoa with a lowΔψm. After equilibration, the proportion of living spermatozoa with active caspases then began to increase. After the complete cryopreservation/thawing process, this population reached a maximum, and a significant increase of membrane permeability was observed. These results, showing that some features of the “apoptosis-like” phenomenon are initiated in the early steps of cryopreservation, suggest that ice formation may not be the only factor affecting spermatozoa. The consequence of thisΔψm decrease could be the release and/or activation of various pro-apoptotic factors in the cytoplasm. Presence of the pro-apoptotic AIF factor in bovine spermatozoa suggests a possible role of this protein during the cryopreservation process. We also confirmed that cryopreservation of bovine spermatozoa induced an acrosomal reaction. It would be of interest to investigate the relationship between this acrosomal reaction and membrane permeability. A better understanding of the cellular mechanisms involved in sperm cryopreservation would help to improve the preservation of bovine sperm.
    Andrologie 06/2005; 15(2):178-184. DOI:10.1007/BF03035151
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    ABSTRACT: TGF beta and its receptors are present in both germ cells and somatic cells of the male gonad. However, knock-out strategies for studying spermatogenesis regulation by TGF beta have been disappointing since TGF beta-or TGF beta receptor-null mice do not survive longer than a few weeks. In the present study, we addressed the role of TGF beta-1 on the completion of meiosis by rat pachytene spermatocytes (PS) cocultured with Sertoli cells. Identification and counting of meiotic cells were performed by cytology and cytometry. Under our culture conditions, some PS differentiated into round spermatids (RS). When TGF beta-1 was added to the culture medium, neither the number of PS or of secondary spermatocytes nor the half-life of RS was modified by the factor. By contrast, the number of RS and the amount of TP1 mRNA were lower in TGF beta-1-treated cultures than in control cultures. Very few metaphase I cells were ever observed both in control and TGF beta-1-treated wells. Higher numbers of metaphase II were present and their number was enhanced by TGF beta-1 treatment. A TGF beta-like bioactivity was detected in control culture media, the concentration of which increased with the time of culture. These results indicate that TGF beta-1 did not change greatly, if any, the yield of the first meiotic division but likely enhanced a bottleneck at the level of metaphase II. Taken together, our results suggest strongly that TGF beta participates in an auto/paracrine pathway of regulation of the meiotic differentiation of rat spermatocytes.
    Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 02/2005; 3:22. DOI:10.1186/1477-7827-3-22 · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The common subtypes of renal tumors are conventional or clear cell carcinoma, papillary carcinoma, chromophobe carcinoma and oncocytoma. Each subtype has its distinct histogenesis and clinical evolution. DNA ploidy is viewed as a marker of gross genomic aberrations. The aim of this study is to evaluate the DNA ploidy in the common subtypes of renal tumors to increase our understanding of renal tumor biology and to broaden clinical application of DNA ploidy. 38 renal tumor samples (13 clear cell RCCs, 12 papillary RCCs, 7 chromophobe RCCs, and 6 oncocytomas) were studied. Five biopsies of different parts of each fresh tumor were subjected to a flow cytometric analysis of DNA ploidy. All tumors except one papillary RCC generated interpretable DNA histograms. Flow cytometric analysis of oncocytomas showed the diploid pattern (29/30 frequencies) while the chromophobe RCC never showed the diploid pattern (0/55 frequencies) (p<0.01). 3/7 chromopbobe RCCs possessed the hypodiploid stemline. The hypodiploid stemline appeared neither in conventional RCCs (0/63 frequencies) nor in papillary RCCs (0/50 frequencies). The diploid pattern was dominant in conventional and papillary RCCs. 10/13 (76.9%) of clear cell RCCs and 9/11 (81.8%) of papillary RCCs possessed a homogeneous DNA ploidy pattern while only 1/7 (14.3%) has a homogeneous DNA ploidy pattern. 6/7 chromophobe RCCs had multiple aneuploid stemlines. Flow cytometric analysis reveals that conventional and papillary RCCs are more homogeneous than chromophobe RCC. Each subtype of renal tumors possesses a specific DNA ploidy pattern. The analysis of DNA ploidy is useful for the differentiation of common subtypes of renal tumors in morphologically difficult cases.
    Cellular oncology: the official journal of the International Society for Cellular Oncology 02/2005; 27(1):51-6. · 4.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: As B-lymphocytes play an important role in innate and adaptive immunity, we aimed to examine the effects of CpG oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) on purified tonsil-originating CD19+ B-cells, representing mucosal B-cells. We screened various K-type ODNs, reactive with human B-cells, and tested for the production of immunoglobulins in vitro. Using one CpG-ODN, DSP30, we observed that it could upregulate not only Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) mRNA expression in activated B-cells, but also the early expression of CD69 followed by the sequential expression of CD80, CD86 and the nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB pathway. Furthermore, mRNA expression of certain B-cell-derived cytokines was influenced by exposure to DSP30, with a strong upregulation of interleukin 6 (IL-6) and downregulation of IL1-beta. Stimulation of B-cells, co-stimulated with IL-2, IL-10 and soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L) with different CpG-ODNs, had differing effects on the terminal differentiation in vitro of B-cells into immunoglobulin-secreting cells. TLR9 is involved in innate immunity and the recognition of bound CpG DNA from invading bacterial pathogens. As tonsillar B-cells are mucosal-type B-lymphocytes, this study suggests that CpG-ODNs show promise as mucosal adjuvants in modulating the local production of immunoglobulins of certain classes and subclasses, a crucial issue in vaccine perspectives.
    Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine 02/2005; 43(1):22-31. DOI:10.1515/CCLM.2005.003 · 2.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: With the addition of various cytokines, the CD40-CD40 ligand (CD40L) system can act as a T-helper cell surrogate to permit B lymphocytes to produce large amounts of polyclonal Ig. In the present study, we tested six CD40-CD40L stimulation models: (i, ii) soluble agonistic 89 and G28.5 mAbs ; (iii, iv) 89 and G28.5 bound via their Fc fragments on CDw32-transfected mouse fibroblasts; (v) purified, soluble, trimeric human CD40L molecules (sCD40L); and (vi) human CD40L expressed by a CD40L-transfected mouse fibroblastic cell line (LCD40L). Target B cells consisted of purified blood and tonsillar CD19+ lymphocytes cultured in the presence of CD40 stimuli and IL-2 and IL-10, added at the onset of each B cell culture. A) There was differential expression of CD69, CD80 and CD86 exposure to sCD40L and LCD40L was ensued by the strongest % MFI changes over control. B) In blood B cells, mAbs and sCD40L induced IgA, IgM and IgG production almost equally well; LCD40L proved less efficient. In contrast, in tonsil B cells, LCD40L induced significantly more IgA, IgG1, IgG3 and IgM production than other signals. Using certain CD40/CD40L stimuli to model in vitro Ig production, a system used regularly in many laboratories, may affect the interpretation based on the cell type and on the CD40/CD40L system used.
    International journal of immunopathology and pharmacology 01/2005; 18(1):65-74. · 2.51 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2k Citations
262.66 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1997–2010
    • Université Jean Monnet
      • • Laboratoire de Physiologie de l'Exercice
      • • Faculté de Médecine
      • • Laboratoire de Biologie Intégrative du Tissu Osseux
      Saint-Étienne, Rhône-Alpes, France
  • 2008
    • Institut de Génomique Fonctionnelle de Lyon
      Lyons, Rhône-Alpes, France
  • 1990–1991
    • Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Saint-Étienne
      Saint-Étienne, Rhône-Alpes, France