Coskun Yarar

Eskisehir Osmangazi University, Eskişehir, Eskisehir, Turkey

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Publications (24)23.17 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Palatal tremor is a rare movement disorder characterized by rhythmic movement of the soft palate. There are two subtypes: essential and symptomatic palatal tremor. Essential palatal tremor is characterized by tinnitus and an absence of other neurological deficits. Different treatment options have been used to treat palatal tremor, with varying success rates. Here we describe a patient with essential palatal tremor and who was treated with botulinum toxin injections.
    Pediatric Neurology 05/2013; 48(5):415-7. · 1.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report a 2-year-old boy with herpes simplex virus type 1 encephalitis (HSE) and opercular syndrome who presented with clinical relapse characterized by chorea-like involuntary movements that suggest akathisia. The patient initially presented with multiple focal seizures that cause epilepsia partialis continua, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for herpes simplex virus type 1 was positive. He developed hypersalivation, speech and swallowing difficulties within 30days. Based on these findings the patient was diagnosed as having opercular syndrome due to HSE. He developed akathisia on 44th day of admission as a relapse and he was successfully treated with propranolol. Opercular syndrome might be seen HSE in children and it may cause neurological suquela. Akathisia might be seen after encephalitic process as a symptom of relapse, however diagnosis of akathisia is difficult in young children. It should be noted that because propranolol effective for these involuntary movements. It can be add additional choice of treatment in these patients.
    Brain & development 03/2013; · 1.74 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health 08/2012; 48(8):712. · 1.25 Impact Factor
  • Pediatrics International 04/2011; 53(2):283-4. · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recent reports have demonstrated elevated serum homocysteine (Hcy) levels in children receiving valproic acid (VPA) therapy. Elevated Hcy levels might play a potential role in the resistance to antiepileptic drugs, and might lead to an increased risk for a vascular disease. It has been reported that elevated total homocysteine (tHcy) levels are associated with elevated asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) levels, which are factors that may be better indicators of endothelial dysfunction compared to serum homocysteine levels, because they are less sensitive to changes, such as fasting status, physical activity, and other factors. In this study, we aim to evaluate serum ADMA, Hcy, lipid, folate, and vitamin B₁₂ levels in epileptic children, receiving VPA monotherapy. Forty-four epileptic children, receiving VPA monotherapy for at least 6 months and 28 healthy children aged between 4 and 16 years, were recruited. Serum lipids, lipoproteins, folate, vitamin B₁₂, Hcy, and ADMA levels were analyzed in both study groups. Serum Hcy, ADMA, and vitamin B₁₂ levels were higher in patients than in controls (p < 0.001 for tHcy and ADMA levels; p < 0.05 for vitamin B₁₂ levels); however, serum lipid, lipoprotein, and folate levels were similar. According to the duration of epilepsy, serum tHcy, ADMA, and triglyceride (TG) levels were higher in patients with epilepsy for ≥ 2 years than in patients with epilepsy for < 2 years (p < 0.001 for serum ADMA levels, p < 0.01 for tHcy levels, and p < 0.05 for serum TG levels). Similarly, with respect to the duration of VPA therapy, serum tHcy, ADMA, and TG levels were higher in patients who had received VPA therapy for more than 2 years (p < 0.001 for serum ADMA levels, p < 0.05 for serum tHcy levels, p < 0.01 for TG levels). Serum ADMA levels were significantly higher in patients receiving VPA at the dose of 25-30 mg/kg/day than in those receiving 20 mg/kg/day (p < 0.01). In conclusion, our study found increased serum ADMA levels and increased tHcy levels in epileptic children receiving VPA monotherapy. Increased serum ADMA levels were demonstrated in epileptic children who have had a seizure history greater than 2 years, and have used VPA therapy for more than 2 years, and have received higher doses of VPA. Routine monitoring of serum ADMA and tHcy levels might have beneficial effects for patients receiving long-term VPA therapy, especially in children who have other potential risk factors for vascular diseases. Further studies are needed to investigate serum ADMA and Hcy levels, and the presence of vascular disease, as well as the potential interactions between serum ADMA levels and seizure control.
    European Journal of Pediatrics 12/2010; 170(7):873-7. · 1.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The association of septo-optic dysplasia and cortical dysplasia is described as septo-optic dysplasia-plus. Reports on patients with septo-optic dysplasia-plus have been rare. We describe a 4-year-old girl with septo-optic dysplasia-plus syndrome, characterized by septo-optic dysplasia with schizencephaly, pachygyria, and diabetes insipidus.
    Pediatric Neurology 07/2010; 43(1):76-8. · 1.42 Impact Factor
  • Clinical dysmorphology 11/2009; 18(4):234-5. · 0.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Factor XIII (F XIII) deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive congenital disorder that can cause spontaneous subdural or epidural hematomas. Due to its low incidence, F XIII deficiency may well be under-diagnosed. A 7-year-old girl with no history of medical problems presented with progressive headache of 3 days. Cerebral computed tomography (CT) scans revealed a large right acute parietooccipital subdural hematoma with a significant midline shift. After an emergent parietooccipital craniotomy and evacuation of the subdural hematoma, a screening test for factor XIII was performed. The results of the test were abnormal. She had full recovery and was discharged with a follow-up treatment of monthly transfusion of fresh frozen plasma as the replacement and prophylactic therapy. Ten months later, she was referred to our center with headache after a minor head trauma. Her medical history revealed that she had not received fresh frozen plasma for the last 2 months. CT scan showed a chronic right parietal epidural hematoma beneath the craniotomy flap. The present case indicates that although its incidence is very rare, F XIII deficiency can cause acute or chronic subdural and epidural hematomas. Therefore, in acute or chronic subdural and epidural hematomas with no underlying cause, the presence of a potential F XIII deficiency should be suspected as a cause of hemorrhagic diathesis.
    Journal of Emergency Medicine 06/2008; 38(1):25-9. · 1.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sepsis is an important cause of mortality in newborns. However, a single reliable marker is not available for the diagnosis of neonatal late-onset sepsis (NLS). The aim of this study is to evaluate the value of serum amyloid A (SAA) and procalcitonin (PCT) in the diagnosis and follow-up of NLS. 36 septic and healthy newborns were included in the study. However, SAA, PCT, TNF-alpha, IL-1beta, and CRP were serially measured on days 0, 4, and 8 in the patients and once in the controls. Töllner's sepsis score (TSS) was calculated for each patient. CRP, PCT, and TNF-alpha levels in septic neonates at each study day were significantly higher than in the controls (P = .001). SAA and IL-1beta levels did not differ from healthy neonates. The sensitivity and specificity were 86.8% and 97.2% for PCT, 83.3% and 80.6% for TNF-alpha, 75% and 44.4% for SAA on day 0. Present study suggests that CRP seems to be the most helpful indicator and PCT and TNF-alpha may be useful markers for the early diagnosis of NLS. However, SAA, IL-1beta, and TSS are not reliable markers for the diagnosis and follow-up of NLS.
    Mediators of Inflammation 02/2008; 2008:737141. · 3.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recent findings have focused on the possible role of linezolid as a suitable candidate for the treatment of central nervous system infections. The linezolid treatment for meningitis was sporadically reported in adults but there was no report in children. Here, we present a 6-month-old boy with meningitis and subdural empyema which was unresponsive to more conventional agents but successfully treated with linezolid therapy. A previously healthy 6-month-old boy was referred to our clinic for deteriorating general condition with fever, vomiting and seizures. He had fever and tense-bulging anterior fontanelle. Based on his first cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) results, empirical antibiotic therapy for bacterial meningitis consisting of vancomycin and ceftriaxone was started. However, CSF culture yielded no micro-organisms but blood culture showed coagulase-negative Staphylococci. On the 7th day, he still had high fever and the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and serum CRP levels had risen by 105 mm/h and 36.2 mg/dl, respectively. On 10th day, computerized cranial tomography showed bilateral frontoparietal subdural empyema. Purulent material was evacuated by burr hole, and gram stains of the material showed polymorphonuclear leukocytes and no microorganisms. Clinical and CSF findings of our case were, unresponsiveness to vancomycin, ceftriaxone and consecutive meropenem treatment while we still observed subdural empyema during these treatments. For this reason we started linezolid 10 mg/kg twice daily. Clinical signs improved dramatically, with both completely normal neurological findings and normalization of CSF and radiological findings. To the of our best knowledge, linezolid treatment of meningitis in children has not been reported previously. Clinical and CSF findings of our case were improved completely with linezolid treatment. Also, control cranial computerized tomography showed the total recovery of subdural empyema. Here we present the youngest case with meningitis which was successfully treated with linezolid treatment.
    Journal of Tropical Pediatrics 01/2008; 53(6):431-3. · 1.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the resistance of antibiotics for complicated urinary tract infection (UTI), including urinary tract anomaly (UTA), for empirical antibiotic therapy of complicated UTI. Four hundred and twenty urine isolates were obtained from 113 patients with recurrent UTI, who used prophylactic antibiotics between February 1999 and November 2004 in the Eskisehir Osmangazi University, Eskisehir, Turkey. Reflux was found to be the most important predisposing factor for recurrent UTI (31.9%). Renal scar was detected more in patients with UTA than without UTA (59.2% versus 12.4%, p<0.05). Gram-negative organisms were dominant in patients with and without UTA (91.5% and 79.2%). Enterococci and Candida spp. were more prevalent in children with UTA than without UTA (p<0.001). Isolates were significantly more resistant to ampicillin, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, amikacin, co-amoxiclav, ticarcillin-clavulanate, and piperacillin-tazobactam in patients with UTA than without UTA. We found low resistance to ciprofloxacin and nitrofurantoin in UTI with and without UTA. Enterococci spp. was highly resistance to ampicillin and amikacin in patients with UTA. Aztreonam, meropenem, and ciprofloxacin seemed to be the best choice for treatment of UTI with UTA due to Escherichia coli and Klebsiella spp. Nitrofurantoin and nalidixic acid may be first choice antibiotics for prophylaxis in UTI with and without UTA. The UTI with UTA caused by Enterococci spp. might not benefit from a combination of amikacin and ampicillin, it could be treated with glycopeptides.
    Saudi medical journal 12/2007; 28(12):1850-4. · 0.62 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pericardial effusion may be the first sign of congenital or acquired hypothyroidism and will completely resolve after thyroxin therapy. Hypothyroidism is more common in Down syndrome population than normal population. In this report we present four infants with Down syndrome who have pericardial effusion due to congenital hypothyroidism. All of these children with Down syndrome were admitted to our clinic with pericardial effusion. Pericardial effusion was completely resolved with thyroxin therapy without pericardiosentesis. Any child with Down syndrome who present with dyspnea and cardiomegaly should be suspected of having pericardial effusion due to hypothyroidism and echocardiography examination should be performed immediately. Pericardial effusion due to hypothyroidism will completely resolve with L-thyroxin therapy without pericardiosentesis. In conclusion, since a delayed diagnosis of hypothyroidism is likely and may favor the development of massive pericardial effusion and because of the difficult diagnosis of the hypothyroidism in Down syndrome, periodic follow-up of thyroid function tests are important.
    Neuro endocrinology letters 05/2007; 28(2):141-4. · 0.93 Impact Factor
  • European Journal of Paediatric Neurology - EUR J PAEDIATR NEUROL. 01/2007; 11:96-96.
  • A. Yakut, C. Yarar, H. Omeroglu
    European Journal of Paediatric Neurology - EUR J PAEDIATR NEUROL. 01/2007; 11:49-49.
  • European Journal of Paediatric Neurology - EUR J PAEDIATR NEUROL. 01/2007; 11:59-59.
  • C. Yarar, A. Yakut, C. Kutlu
    European Journal of Paediatric Neurology - EUR J PAEDIATR NEUROL. 01/2007; 11:75-75.
  • Pediatrics International 11/2006; 48(5):493-4. · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report a 9-month-old boy with major features of Neuhauser syndrome, including megalocornea, mental motor retardation, hypotonia, dysmorphic findings (high-arched palate, broad nasal bridge, epicanthus), who also had additional findings such as Peters' anomaly, microcephaly, undescended testicle, patent ductus arteriosus and atrial septal defects. Ophthalmologic examination demonstrated central opacity of the left cornea and lens and iris adhesions extending from the pupillary margin to the borders of the opacity. Keratoplasty operation was done for the right eye owing to central corneal opacity. Neuhauser syndrome should be considered in the differential diagnosis of the patients with megalocornea, hypotonia and mental and motor retardation who have dysmorphic findings. To the best of our knowledge, Peters' anomaly has not been reported in Neuhauser syndrome previously.
    Clinical Dysmorphology 11/2006; 15(4):249-51. · 0.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Children with Cerebral Palsy (CP) are generally undernourished and growth retarded than normal children. The reasons of malnutrition are not only due to poor nutritional status but also nonnutritional factors including negative neurotrophic effects and indirect factor such as immobility, endocrinological abnormalities or spasticity that energy requirements might be contributing factors. Several studies indicated that leptin which is produced by adipocytes, might regulate energy intake and expenditure. The aim of this study is to determine serum leptin levels in children with CP and to investigate the relationship between nutritional status and anthropometric measurements. Forty children with CP and 18 healthy controls were included in this study. The weight, height, body mass index (BMI), upper arm length (UAL) and triceps skinfold thickness (TST) was measured in all children. Serum leptin, growth hormone, C-peptide and cortisol levels were studied. Based on TST measurement CP patients were divided as DSF group (decreased subcutaneous fat) and non-DSF group (nondecreased subcutaneous fat). UAL were shorter and TST measurements were thinner than control group (p<0.05, p<0.01). Group DSF had lower leptin concentrations compared to Group non-DSF and controls (p<0.001, p<0.001). On the other hand non DSF group had higher leptin levels than controls (p<0.05). There was a positive and significant correlation between leptin and anthropometric measurements, especially TST in children with CP. Serum leptin levels were also lower in non-ambulatory children than ambulatory children with CP (p<0.05). This study has shown that triceps skinfold thickness is better index for the evaluation of nutritional status in children with CP. Serum leptin levels were lower in CP, especially in DSF group. The possible explanation of this finding may not only related with malnutrition, but also immobility related other factors such as bone metabolism and spasticity. We concluded that leptin which regulates energy intake might have a role of nutritional disorders in cerebral palsy. To better understand this relationship further studies are needed.
    Neuro endocrinology letters 09/2006; 27(4):507-12. · 0.93 Impact Factor
  • Bilal Yildiz, Nurdan Kural, Coskun Yarar
    Pediatric Nephrology 09/2004; 19(8):943-4; author reply 945. · 2.94 Impact Factor