[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To explore the deletion rate, clinical correlation and prognostic significance of 1p21 deletion, a novel genetic prognostic index, in patients with multiple myeloma (MM).
The interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (I-FISH) was performed on purified CD138⁺ plasma cells from 78 newly diagnosed patients from Sep 2007 to Sep 2012 receiving thalidomide-based chemotherapy by using BAC probe covered 1p21.2 region that contains the human cell division cycle 14A (HCDC14A) gene. Deletion rate, the cell percentage of deletion, clinical relevance and prognostic significance were analyzed in myeloma patients.
Among 78 patients, there were 51 males and 27 females, the median age was 59(42-81). The deletion rate of 1p21.2 was 23.1%. Some patients had amplification (amp) of 1p with amp rate of 5.1% in 1p21.2, the amp rate was significantly lower than the deletion rate (P=0.001). 1p21.2 deletion was positively correlated with renal lesion (Cr≥177 μmol/L), high percentage of plasma cells in bone marrow, high LDH (≥220 U/L) and high β2-MG (P=0.014, 0.000, 0.010 and 0.022, respectively). With a median follow-up time of 15.0(1.0-53.5) months, the estimated median progressionfree survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) time for patients with 1p21 deletion was (12.0±2.7) and (14.0±3.4) months, however those were (30.0±8.0) and (38.5±1.8) months in patients without 1p21 deletion, respectively (P=0.000). On multivariate analysis, which included complex karyotype, LDH≥220 U/L, renal lesion and del(17p13), 1p21 deletion remained as an independent risk factor for PFS (HR: 3.312, 95% CI: 1.095-10.017, P=0.034) and OS (HR: 4.961, 95% CI: 1.487-16.552, P=0.009).
1p21 deletion is an important genetic prognosis indicator in multiple myeloma patients.
Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi 10/2013; 34(10):862-7. DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0253-2727.2013.10.008
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the clinical and laboratory characteristics and survival of Chinese patients with T- cell prolymphocytic leukemia (T-PLL).
Eleven patients with T-PLL admitted in our hospital from Jan 2006 to Oct 2012 were retrospectively analyzed.
Of the 11 patients, nine were males and two females, with the median age of 56.0(19-69) years old. All the patients, except for three, presented with leukocytosis. The incidence of hyperleukocytosis (1/11) was less frequent than that in the British series (75%) (P=0.000). Lymphocyte counts in peripheral blood were increased in 9 of the 11 patients with the median absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) of 17.22(0.58-148.83)×10⁹/L. Superficial lymphadenopathy and splenomegaly were the most common physical signs. It was common that serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and beta 2 microglobulin(β2-MG)were higher than normal level. All cases were positive for CD2/CD3/CD5/TCRαβ, negative for CD1a /HLA-DR and TdT, and most of them were strong positive for CD7 expression. By chromosome analyses, most cases. (9/10) have normal chromosome. This rate is significantly higher than that of the British and American series (3% and 25%, respectively) (P=0.000, P=0.001). The 14q11 abnormality and trisomy 8q, which are common among Western cases, were not observed in any of our cases. With a median follow-up of 23.0 months, three patients died. Two year progress free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 53.3% and 50%, respectively. There were 3 patients with PFS over a number of years, whether it should be considered as the T-chronic lymphocytic leukemia (T-CLL) is worthy of further studies.
The common clinical manifestations of T-PLL patients were increased lymphocyte counts and lymphadenopathy as well as splenomegaly. And most cases have high level of blood LDH and β2- MG and normal chromosome karyotype.
Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi 10/2013; 34(10):839-43. DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0253-2727.2013.10.004
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To explore the treatment options for younger than 60 years old adults with Ph /BCR-ABL positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph⁺ ALL).
From January 2001 to June 2012, 42 adult patients were enrolled in the study. All patients received standard VDCP±L ±imatinb (IM) as induction therapy followed by intensive consolidation of modified Hyper-CVAD/MA±IM. At complete remission 1 (CR1), patients with appropriate donor received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), the others sequentially received intensive consolidation ±IM and autologous HSCT (ASCT) at molecular CR (MCR), then MM±VP±IM as maintenance therapy. Overall survival (OS), disease free survival (DFS) and relapse rate (RR) were analyzed.
CR rate after 1 cycle of induction chemotherapy was 83.3%. 39(92.9%) patients achieved CR. The median DFS and OS were (22.0±3.5) and (37.0±5.3) months respectively, with cumulative RR of (43.7±9.7)% during a median follow-up of 26.5(8-75) months. All 7 patients in CT group relapsed. Two patients received IM pre- and post-ASCT maintained MCR for 35 and 12 months after ASCT. But the other 3 ASCT recipients without IM died of relapse within 1 year. The transplant-related mortality rate in allo-HSCT group was 12.5%. The estimated 3-year OS in allo-HSCT (n=16), ASCT (n=5) and CT (n=7) groups were (66.7±12.2)%, (25.0±21.7)% and (16.7±15.2)%, respectively (P=0.014); meanwhile, the estimated 3-year DFS in those groups were of (56.3±12.4)%, (26.7±22.6)% and 0, respectively (P=0.002).
IM combined with intensive chemotherapy significantly increased the CR rate with the improved quality of CR, which highlighted the feasibility of SCT. Allo-HSCT could decrease relapse to produce favorable OS and DFS in CR1 of young adults with Ph⁺ ALL. ASCT combined IM might be the treatment of choice for those achieved MCR but without donors.
Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi 06/2013; 34(6):493-497. DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0253-2727.2013.06.001
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of a chemoimmunotherapy regimen of rituximab, fludarabine and cyclophosphamide (FCR) for patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia(CLL). METHODS: The clinical data of 26 CLL patients receiving FCR regimen in our hospital from April 2003 to January 2012 were analyzed retrospectively. Patients were grouped according to indicators including Rai risk stratification, β2-MG, LDH, ZAP-70, CD38, cytogenetics and immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region gene (IgVH) mutation status. Therapy efficacy and survival were evaluated and the safety of FCR regimen was assessed. RESULTS: Among 26 patients, the overall response rate（ORR）was 76.9%, 10 patients (38.5%) achieved complete remission(CR) and 10(38.5%) partial remission(PR). With a median follow-up time of 30（3-98）months, the median estimated progression-free survival(PFS) for all patients was 42(16-68) months and median overall survival(OS) was 63(41-85)months. Clinical parameters associated with higher CR rates were ＜2 courses of prior treatment regimens, proportions of bone marrow lymphocytes declining ≥ 50% after 2 courses of FCR, low LDH, low β2-MG and ZAP-70 negative (P=0.014, 0.008, 0.027, 0.035 and 0.013, retrospectively). PFS and OS time in minimal residual disease(MRD)-negative, normal LDH and proportions of bone marrow lymphocytes declining ≥ 50% after 2 courses of FCR patients were significantly better than that of the control group (P＜0.05), PFS in the non-high-risk genetics group was significantly better than that in the high-risk genetics group (P=0.005), while OS between two groups showed no statistically significant difference. The most common toxicities were gastrointestinal reactions (88.5%), followed by bone marrow suppression (80.8%): including neutropenia, anemia and thrombocytopenia. Infections accounted for 30.8%, mainly lung infection. CONCLUSION: FCR is an effective and well-tolerated therapy for patients with CLL. Patients with MRD-positive, elevated LDH, proportions of bone marrow lymphocytes declining＜50% after 2 courses of FCR and high risk genetics patients are suitable for more effective treatment after achieving treatment response.
Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi 05/2013; 34(5):383-388. DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0253-2727.2013.05.002
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective To explore the efficacy and prognosis of first-line autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (ASCT) for newly diagnosed patients with multiple myeloma(MM). Methods From January 2005 to December 31, 2012, 60 patients with MM were enrolled. All patients received thalidomide or/and bortezomib-based induction therapy, then received high-dose melphalan (200 mg/m²) and autologous stem cell support to get a ≥ partial response (PR), and followed by thalidomide-dexamethasone (TD) ±bortezomib as consolidation or maintenance treatment. With the follow up to December 31, 2012, the overall survival (OS), progression free survival (PFS) and the prognostic factors, including ISS stage, response and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) data of cytogenetics were analyzed. Results With a median follow up of 36.8 (12.0-102.5) months, the median OS and PFS estimate were not reached and 86.5 months, respectively. After transplantation, all (100%) patients received very good partial response (VGPR), and 34 (56.7%) patients achieved complete response (CR) after consolidation or maintenance treatment. The patients that achieved CR resulted in long term PFS (P=0.030), with no difference in OS (P=0.942). The univariate analysis showed that the abnormalities, including 13q14 deletion, 1q21 gain, IgH location and p53 deletion had the prognostic impacts. If the t(4;14) or p53 deletion was excluded, there would be no correlation between 13q14 deletion or 1q21 gain with PFS and OS. The patients with p53 deletion had a worst survival. Conclusion There has been significant improvement in the outcome for young MM patients by using ASCT and novel drugs. Cytogenetic abnormalities and response to therapy are the main factors affecting the survival of patients.
Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi 04/2013; 34(4):299-303. DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0253-2727.2013.04.011
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To summarize the clinical characteristics of Richter syndrome and explore the methods of successful treatment and timely diagnosis. METHODS: Five patients with Richter syndrome in the last three years (from January 2009 to December 2011) were analyzed retrospectively at our hospital, including their clinical features and therapy before and after transformation. RESULTS: There were 4 males and 1 female with a median age on a diagnosis of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) at 47 (44 - 68) years. The median duration from a diagnosis of CLL to transformation was 52 (5 - 90) months. As for cytogenetic abnormalities, 3/4 patients had 17p deletion by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). The clinical manifestations on transformation included regional enlargement of lymph node (n = 2) and systemic enlargement of lymph nodes (n = 3). All diagnoses were confirmed by lymph node biopsy and all transformed into diffuse large B cell lymphoma (classical transformation). The subgroups were germinal center B-cell like (GCB) (n = 3) and non-GCB (n = 1). After transformation, one patient underwent sibling allo-stem cell transplantation and survived 24 months until April 2012. Another patient with auto-stem cell transplantation relapsed and died 12 months later. One patient lost the treatment opportunity due to worsening condition. Another 2 patients gained partial remission after therapy and survived 20 and 8 months respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Richter syndrome may occur during a late stage of CLL. Such a high-risk cytogenetic abnormality as del17p may be correlated with transformation. Early identification and optimal therapy may extend the survival of Richter syndrome. Allo-stem cell transplantation remains a curable option.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical and laboratory characteristics and survival of Chinese patients with hairy cell leukemia (HCL). METHODS: A total of 30 HCL patients from August 1990 to March 2012 were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: There were 22 cases with classical HCL (HCL-C) and 8 with variant HCL (HCL-V). Splenomegaly was the most common physical finding. Leukocytosis was found in all cases of HCL-V. But pancytopenia only accounted for 36.4% (8/22) in HCL-C. And 3/5 of HCL-V had abnormal chromosome karyotypes. Ribosomal-lamellae complexes (RLC) were found only in about 3/12 of HCL cases. Chemotherapy regimens including purine nucleoside analogues achieved a better complete remission (CR) rate than other regimens (3/4 vs 1/18, P = 0.012) in HCL-C. The median follow-up period was 27 (1 - 142) months. There was no follow-up loss. Eleven cases progressed and 6 died. The median overall survival (OS) was not reached. And the 1, 3, 6-year OS rates were 84%, 78% and 58% respectively. The median progression-free survival (PFS) was (63 ± 24) months and the 1, 2, 5-year PFS rates were 86%, 72% and 44% respectively. The median PFS of HCL-V was significant shorter than HCL-C ((23 ± 3) vs (78 ± 12) months, P = 0.014). In HCL-C group, fever (P = 0.038) and anemia (P = 0.000) at diagnosis were poor prognostic factors. But purine nucleoside analogues made no significant difference in PFS. CONCLUSIONS: Pancytopenia is infrequent in Chinese HCL patients. And classical RLC is rare under electron microscope. Purine nucleoside analogues may achieve a better CR rate, but fail to improve PFS rate. As compared with HCL-C, HCL-V is common with genetic abnormalities and has a worse prognosis with a shorter PFS.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the expression level of SOX11 mRNA in mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) and other B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B-NHL) and its prognostic value in MCL.
The expression level of SOX11 mRNA in 80 B-NHL patients were determined by real-time quantitative RT-PCR, GAPDH was used as internal control. The dispersion of SOX11 expression ratio of groups with different prognostic factors was described by Mann-Whitney U test.
The SOX11 mRNA expression level was 2.90 (0.75 - 4.63) in 80 B-NHL patients, and the expression level was significantly higher in MCL than that in other B-NHL (P = 0.014). The SOX11 expression level was statistically lower in the group of MCL with hyperleukocytosis, 12 trisomy, MYC amplification and therapeutic effect < PR (P = 0.042, 0.013, 0.028, 0.009) than that of MCL in other group. But SOX11 expression was not associated with MCL international prognostic index (MIPI) (P = 0.333), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) (P = 0.790), ATM mutation (P = 0.865) and P53 deletion (P = 0.116). The progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were significantly longer in the MCL patients with high level of SOX11 than that of other MCL patients.
There was statistically significant differences in SOX11 mRNA expression between MCL with other B-NHL. SOX11 maybe a good prognostic factor in MCL.
Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi 07/2012; 33(7):556-60.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study was purposed to investigate the expression of B7-H1 gene in leukemia cells and its clinical significance. The expression of B7-H1 mRNA was detected by SYBR Green I real-time quantitative PCR in a panel of 9 leukemia cell lines, 4 leukemia cell lines induced with IFN-γ, the bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMNC) from 59 initial leukemia patients and 10 dendritic cells (DC) derived from BMMNC of initial leukemia patients, 2 solid tumour cell lines and BMMNC from 10 normal persons. The correlation between the clinical features of 59 acute leukemia patients and the expression level of B7-H1 mRNA in leukemia cells was analyzed. The results showed that the lower level of B7-H1 mRNA expression was found in leukemia cell lines and primary acute leukemia cells, but the expression level of B7-H1 mRNA was up-regulated significantly in the leukemia cell lines induced by IFN-γ and DC derived from BMMNC of leukemia patients. The expression level of B7-H1 mRNA in non complete remission (CR) patients after therapy was significantly higher than that in CR patients. It is concluded that the expression level of B7-H1 mRNA in leukemia cells is lower, but is up-regulated when affected by some factors. A correlation exists between the expression level of B7-H1 gene in leukemia cells and response of patients to therapy.
Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 06/2012; 20(3):541-4.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the expression pattern of stereotyped B-cell receptor (BCR) and its prognostic significance in Chinese chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) patients and evaluate the relationship to other prognostic markers.
Multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to identify the immunoglobulin variable heavy-chain (IGHV) segment and its mutation status in 116 CLL patients from April 1992 to April 2010. For CDR3-driven clustering, all in-frame IGHV-D-J rearrangements were aligned by the multiple sequence alignment software ClustalW2.
There were 102 of 116 samples from newly diagnosed CLL were successfully analyzed. IGHV CDR3 genes were identified in 73/102 cases. Fourteen patients (19.2%) carried stereotyped BCR. A high percentage of carried stereotyped BCR was observed in IGHV non-mutated group versus mutated group (40.9% vs 11.8%, P = 0.005). Patients with stereotyped BCR had a higher frequency of deletion (17q) (33.3% vs 10.7%, P = 0.045). The median progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with stereotyped BCR was much shorter than other patients (39 vs 84 months, P = 0.002).
The patients with stereotyped BCR have a poor prognosis. It highlights the importance of immunoglobulin mediated stimulation in the development of CLL.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the expression of microRNA-155 and microRNA-146a in the CD19(+) B cells of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), splenic marginal zone lymphoma (SMZL), and to analyze its clinical significance.
Peripheral blood (PB) (78 cases) and bone marrow (BM) samples (9 cases) from 53 CLL patients, 13 MCL patients, 19 SMZL patients, and 12 healthy donors were collected. Mononuclear cells were isolated and B cells were purified with a CD19(+) magnetic-bead system. Total RNA was extracted from purified CD19(+) cells and microRNAs expression were measured using the TaqMan microRNA quantitative PCR. The results combined with the clinic data of patients were analysed.
(1) The expression of microRNA-155 in CLL (4.49 ± 0.83) was significantly higher than in MCL (3.83 ± 0.45) and SMZL (3.80 ± 0.61) (P < 0.05); (2) The level of microRNA-146a in SMZL (3.81 ± 0.59) was significantly higher than in CLL (2.58 ± 0.90) and MCL (2.27 ± 0.88) (P < 0.01); (3) The level of microRNA-155 was significantly higher in IgVH unmutated patients than in mutated patients in CLL (P = 0.012); (4) The microRNAs expression had no statistical difference between two prognostic groups in CLL.
(1) The expression of microRNA-155 and microRNA-146a is different in malignant lymphoproliferative disorders (LPD); (2) Deregulation of the microRNAs expression might play a critical role in the pathogenesis and prognosis in the LPD.
Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi 10/2011; 32(10):656-9.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To explore the efficacy of imatinib (IM)-based chemotherapy followed by allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) in first complete remission (CR1) for adult Ph(+) acute lymphoblastic leukemia \[Ph(+)-ALL\].
From March 2006 to December 2010, 16 adult Ph(+)-ALL were enrolled in the study. All patients received IM combined with standard VDCP ± L as induction therapy then intensive consolidation with modified Hyper-CVAD/MA regimen plus IM, and followed by allo-SCT in CR1. Some of them received IM maintenance therapy after allo-SCT. With the follow up to March 31, 2011, the clinical parameters. overall survival (OS), disease free survival (DFS), relapse incidence (RI), non-relapse mortality (NRM) and prognostic factors were analyzed.
All 16 patients achieved morphological complete remission (CR), and 10 of them achieved molecular CR. After transplantation, all patients obtained successful engraftments. With a median follow-up of 27.1 (7.4 - 65.8) months, 14 patients were alive, 2 died from NRM, and 2 relapsed. The estimated OS and DFS at 3 year were (85.9 ± 9.3)% and (83.9 ± 10.5)%, and cumulative RI and NRM at 3 year were (16.1 ± 10.5)% and (14.1 ± 9.3)%, respectively. None prognostic factor was found on analysis.
IM combined with intensive chemotherapy significantly increased the CR rate and improved the quality of CR, which prepared the feasibility of allo-SCT in CR1. IM therapy pre- and post-allo-SCT would be a promising strategy for adult Ph(+)-ALL to decrease relapse and facilitates favorable OS and DFS.
Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi 10/2011; 32(10):673-8.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To detect the expression of microRNA-223 and analyze its clinical value in B lymphoproliferative disorders.
Peripheral blood samples (n = 78) and bone marrow samples (n = 9) were collected from patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL, n = 53), mantle cell lymphoma (MCL, n = 13), splenic marginal zone lymphoma (SMZL, n = 9) and healthy donors (n = 12) at our hospital from 2003 to 2010. Mononuclear cells were isolated and B cells purified with a CD19(+) magnetic-bead system. Total RNA was extracted from purified CD19(+) cells and the expression of microRNA-223 measured by TaqMan microRNA quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The clinical data of these patients were collected and their outcomes analyzed with SPSS 16.0 software.
(1) The levels of microRNA-223 in CLL, MCL and SMZL were 4.58 ± 0.62, 4.03 ± 0.54 and 4.63 ± 0.57 respectively. And they were significantly lower than that in normal B cells (5.69 ± 0.60, P < 0.01). The expression of microRNA-223 decreased significantly in MCL versus CLL and SMZL (P < 0.05). There was no statistical difference between CLL and SMZL (P > 0.05). (2) The down-regulation of microRNA-223 was associated with disease aggressiveness in CLL. Patients with unmutated immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region (IgVH) expressed significantly a lower level of microRNA-223 (4.05 ± 0.69 vs 4.67 ± 0.51, P = 0.003). In 13q-negative patients, the expression of microRNA-223 decreased more significantly than that in 13q-positive patients (4.25 ± 0.67 vs 4.76 ± 0.45, P = 0.044). (3) Using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, the microRNA-223 cutoffs were defined according to the IgVH mutational status. The patients were divided into the positive and negative subgroups. The median progression-free survival (PFS) of microRNA-223 positive patient subgroup was 48 months. It was significantly longer than the negative subgroup (P = 0.001). In the microRNA-223 positive subgroup, no patient died at the end of follow-up.
MicroRNA-223 may play an important role in the pathogenesis of B lymphoproliferative disorders. The down-regulation of microRNA-223 is associated with disease aggressiveness and poor prognostic factors in CLL. It may become a new reliable prognostic predictor.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the overrepresentation of specific gene segments of immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region (IgVH) among unmutated and mutated chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) patients and its prognostic implication.
Multiplex PCR was used to identify the expression of IgVH segment and its mutation status in CLL.
Analyses were successfully performed in 80 of 85 samples. Marked skewed IgVH families were disclosed. The most commonly used VH was VH3 (40.0%), followed by VH4 (30.0%), VHI (13.8%), VH2 (10.0%) and VH5, VH7 (2.5%). Fifty-six patients (70.0%) had mutated VH, 24 (30.0%) unmutated VH. Nine cases (11.3%) were with 100% germline sequence. Fifteen cases (15/24, 62.5%) in VH4, 29 (29/32, 90.7%) in VH3, and 4 (4/11, 36.3%) in VH1 had mutated VH. The most frequently used IgVH gene was VH4-39 (13.8%), and VH4-34 (8.8%). J4 (36/66, 54.5%) and D3 (25/66, 37.8%) were the most frequently used in J and D genes. The progression-free survival (PFS) was 82 and 17 months (P = 0.000), and the overall survival (OS) was 90 and 41 months (P = 0.009), respectively, for mutated and unmutated cases. Recurrent CDR3 sequences were found in our patients and 2 patients with VH1-69 had CDR3 sequences highly similar to those reported in literature.
There is difference in IgVH gene segment usage and mutational status in different area CLL patients. Recurrent CDR3 sequences were found in specific IgVH gene segments, which highlights the importance of immunoglobulin mediated stimulation in the development of CLL.
Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi 08/2011; 32(8):529-32.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the expression and its prognostic significance of TOSO in CD19(+) B cells from Chinese chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) patients.
The expression of TOSO was detected by absolute quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in a cohort of 85 untreated CLL patients from March 2006 to September 2010. Their status of immunoglobulin heavy chain variable (IGVH) somatic mutation, ZAP70 and CD38 were analyzed.
The expression of TOSO was significantly elevated in CLL patients versus the healthy population (8.30 ± 2.99 vs 6.63 ± 1.22, P = 0.036) and other B cell lymphoproliferative diseases (8.30 ± 2.99 vs 7.12 ± 1.13, P = 0.023). The expression of TOSO was elevated in the IGVH non-mutated group versus the mutated group (9.87 ± 1.08 vs 7.61 ± 3.03, P = 0.000). The expression of TOSO was significantly elevated in Binet stage C patients versus in Binet stage B and Binet stage A patients (9.91 ± 3.03 vs 8.73 ± 1.86 vs 7.27 ± 2.83, P = 0.000). The expression of TOSO rose to (9.37 ± 2.12) in the chemotherapy group. And it was significantly higher than that in the observation group (7.19 ± 3.23, P = 0.001). At the cut-off point of 55 years old, the younger patients had a higher expression of TOSO than the elders (9.10 ± 2.06 vs 7.95 ± 3.22, P = 0.049). The expression of TOSO in ZAP70 and CD38-positive groups had no difference with those in the negative groups.
The over-expressed TOSO in CLL cells is associated with a progressive disease. It may be an important prognostic factor for CLL.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study was to aimed investigate the influence of immunomagnetic sorting on detecting the genetic aberrations of multiple myeloma (MM) by interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and to explore the detection method suitable to use in our country. The genetic aberrations of immunomagnetically sorted and unsorted bone marrow cells from the same MM patients were detected by interphase FISH and the detectable rate of genetic aberration was compared. The types of probes included 13 q14 (RB-1) and 14q32 (IGH). The 42 and 22 sorted and unsorted marrow samples from MM patients were detected by using 13q14 probe and 14q32 probes respectively, the results indicated that the 13q14 deletion was found in 9 of 42 (21.4%) unsorted marrow samples and in 25 of 42 (56.8%) CD138(+)-sorted marrow samples. The 13q32 rearrangement was found in 7 of 22 (31.8%) unsorted marrow samples and in 14 of 22(63.6%) CD138(+)-sorted marrow samples. Both of the difference was statistically significant (p = 0.001 and p = 0.035 respectively). Percentages of cytogenetic alterations detected in unsorted bone marrow cells correlated positively with percentage of plasma cells tested by bone marrow smears or flow cytometry. When percentage of plasma cells tested by bone marrow smears exceed 50%, or by flow cytometry exceed 10%, there was no difference between 2 methods. It is concluded that immunomagnetic sorting of CD138(+) cells increases the probability of detection of the 13q14 deletion and 14q32 rearrangement in bone marrow samples. The low detectable rate of genetic aberration in unsorted bone marrow cells is associated to the low percentage of plasma cells in bone marrow samples, higher percentage of plasma cells can partly overcome the shortage of unsorted detection method. When percentage of plasma cells tested by bone marrow smears exceed 50%, or by flow cytometry exceed 10%, there was no difference between 2 methods.
Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 01/2011; 19(1):54-8.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study was aimed to investigate the bcr-abl transcription level and its relationship with the clinical status of patients so as to provide some bases for predicting patient status according to absolute value of bcr-abl transcript. The bcr-abl/abl values (%) of bone marrow samples from 30 newly diagnosed CML patients at the baseline bcr-abl/abl value obtained in CML patients with bcr-abl positive were defined, then 161 bone marrow samples from 82 patients were detected at virions time points, and the bcr-abl/abl value of each sample was compared with baseline value and its relationship with clinical status of patient at same time point was investigated. The results showed that bcr-abl/abl values (%) of 30 patients showed positive skew distribution and a large variation with mean 13.5631 (1.0206 - 98.3159) and mathematical mean of 21.1491 (95% CI: 12.3532 - 29.9450). For strict standard, the baseline value of bcr-abl/abl (%) was set as 1, the lower limit of these values. In the detected results of 161 samples, there were 33 samples' values above the baseline value, in which resistance/relapse/progression (R/R/P) 13 (39.4%, 13/33), no remission (NR) 17 (51.5%, 17/33) and complete hematologic remission (CHR) 3 (9.1%, 3/33) were observed. the values of 26 samples decreased by 0 - 1 order of magnitude (0.1 < or = bcr-abl/abl % < 1), in which R/R/P 6 (23.1%, 6/26), NR 7 (26.9%, 7/26), CHR 7 (26.9%, 7/26) and cytogenetic remission (CyR) 6 (23.1%, 6/26) were observed, the values of 19 samples decreased by 1 - 2 order of magnitude (0.01 < or = bcr-abl/abl % < 0.1), in which NR 2 (10.5%, 2/19), CHR 3 (15.8%, 3/19) and CyR 14 (73.7%, 14/19) were determined. 7 samples decreased by 2 - 3 order of magnitude (0.001 < or = bcr-abl/abl % < 0.01) in which major CyR (MCyR) 2 (28.6%, 2/7) and complete CyR (CCyR) 5 (71.4%, 5/7) were determined, the values of 76 samples decreased by 3 or more order of magnitude (bcr-abl/abl % < 0.001), and all these were CCyR. In conclusion, the using decrease degree of one time point-detected value compared to the baseline could well assess the patient clinical status. The bcr-abl/abl % < 0.01 can reliably reflect CyR obtained by patients at the time point, and bcr-abl/abl % < 0.001 can reflect CCyR obtained by patients. However, exact judgments of patient status relies on dynamic and serial monitoring.
Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 08/2009; 17(4):861-5.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The small RNAs include siRNA and miRNA. SiRNA is the splicing product of exogenous dsRNA by which to keep genome stability, while miRNA are processed from endogenous genome and work as a post-transcriptional regulator for gene expression. The small RNAs act in two ways: mediate degradation of of target RNA and inhibit translation of protein. The former requires the accurate complementation between small RNA and target RNA, while the latter requires only partial complementation. Which mechanism used depends on complementation degree, but not their origins. The RNAi as a technique for down-regulating target gene expression has been widely used in functional genomic studies and hematologic studies, especially for translocation-related fusion gene, apoptosis-related gene and MDR gene in leukemia. The results show that RNAi technique not only is the powerful tool for study mechanism but also has therapeutic potentials in clinic. Some studies reveal that changes of miRNA expression exist in many hematological malignancies and relate to known oncogenes, which indicates the miRNA is involved in pathogenesis of these diseases. This article reviews the discovery and effect of RNAi and small RNAs, as well as the similarities and differences between siRNA and miRNA, and focuses on the research of small RNAs in hematological malignancies.
Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology 11/2008; 16(5):1237-41.