Adolfo Díez-Pérez

Consorci MAR Parc de Salut de Barcelona, Barcino, Catalonia, Spain

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Publications (101)440.85 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Many studies have shown a correlation between chronic kidney disease (CKD) and fracture. However, an increased mortality in CKD patients is a competing risk scenario, not accounted for in previously. Our aim was to investigate the true impact of CKD on hip fracture after accounting for a competing risk with death. We conducted a population-based cohort study to determine the impact of CKD on hip fractures in individuals aged ≥50years old registered in SIDIAP(Q) database (representative 1.9 million people in Catalonia, Spain). Cox regression was used to estimate Hazard Ratio (HR) for death and hip fracture according to CKD status. A competing risk (Fine and Gray) model was fitted to estimate sub-HR for hip fracture in CKD or CKD-free patients accounting for differential mortality. 873,073 (32,934 (3.8%) CKD) patients were observed for 3years. 4,823 (14.6%) CKD and 36,328 (4.3%) CKD-free participants died during follow-up (HR 1.83 [95%CI 1.78-1.89]), whilst 522 (1.59%) and 6,292 (0.75%) sustained a hip fracture respectively. Adjusted Cox models showed a significantly increased risk of hip fractures for CKD group (HR 1.16 [1.06-1.27]), but this association was attenuated in competing risk models accounting for mortality (SHR 1.14 [1.03-1.27]). Both death and hip fracture rates are increased (by 83% and 16% respectively) in CKD patients. However, the association between CKD and hip fractures is attenuated when an excess mortality is taken into account. A competing risk with death must be considered in future analyses of association between CKD and any health outcomes. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Inc.
    Bone 12/2014; · 4.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the association between socio-economic deprivation (SES) and hip fracture risk. Retrospective cohort study using a population-based database (primary care records) of over 5 million people. Eligibility: all living subjects registered during the period 2009-2012 and resident in an urban area. Measures: a validated SES composite index (proportion of unemployed, temporary workers, manual workers, low educational attainment and low educational attainment among youngsters) estimated for each area based on census data. Outcome: incident hip fracture rates as coded in medical records using ICD-10 codes. Statistics: zero-inflated Poisson models fitted to study the association between SES quintiles and hip fracture risk, adjusted for age, sex, obesity, smoking and alcohol consumption. Compared to the most deprived, wealthy areas had a higher hip fracture incidence (age-sex adjusted incidence 38.57 (37.14-40.00) compared to 34.33 (32.90-35.76) per 10,000 person-years). Similarly, most deprived areas had a crude and age-sex adjusted lower risk of hip fracture, RR of 0.71 (0.65-0.78) and RR of 0.90 (0.85-0.95) respectively compared to wealthiest areas. The association was attenuated and no longer significant after adjustment for obesity: RR 0.96 (0.90-1.01). Further adjustment for smoking and high alcohol consumption did not make a difference. Wealthiest areas have an almost 30% increased risk of hip fracture compared to the most deprived. Differences in age-sex composition and a higher prevalence of obesity in deprived areas could explain this higher risk. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Inc.
    Bone 12/2014; · 4.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Context. Several fracture prediction models that combine fractures at different sites into a composite outcome are in current use. However, to the extent individual fracture sites have differing risk factor profiles, model discrimination is impaired. Objective. To improve model discrimination by developing a 5-yr composite fracture prediction model for fracture sites that display similar risk profiles. Design. Prospective, observational cohort study. Setting. Primary care practices in 10 countries. Patients. Women aged ≥55 years. Intervention. Self-administered questionnaires collected data on patient characteristics, fracture risk factors and previous fractures. Main Outcome Measure. Main outcome is time to first clinical fracture of hip, pelvis, upper leg, clavicle, or spine, each of which exhibits a strong association with advanced age. Results. Of four composite fracture models considered, model discrimination (c index) is highest for an age-related fracture model (c index 0.75, 47,066 women), and lowest for FRAX major fracture and a 10-site model (c indices 0.67 and 0.65). The unadjusted increase in fracture risk for an additional 10 yr of age ranges from 80% to 180% for the individual bones in the age-associated model. Five other fracture sites not considered for the age-associated model (upper arm/shoulder, rib, wrist, lower leg, and ankle) have age associations for an additional 10 yr of age from a 10% decrease to a 60% increase. Conclusions. After examining results for 10 different bone fracture sites, advanced age appeared the single best possibility for uniting several different sites, resulting in an empirically based composite fracture risk model.
    The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 12/2014; · 6.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Osteoporosis is commonly associated with menopause and ageing. It can, however, also be caused by diseases, lifestyle, genetic diseases, drug therapies and other therapeutic interventions. In cases of secondary osteoporosis, a common rule is the management of the underlying condition. Healthy habits and calcium and vitamin D supplementation are also generally advised. In cases of high risk of fracture, specific antiosteoporosis medications should be prescribed. For most conditions, the available evidence is limited. Special attention should be paid to possible contraindications of drugs used for the treatment of postmenopausal or senile osteoporosis. Bisphosphonates are the most widely used drugs in secondary osteoporosis, and denosumab or teriparatide have been also assessed in some cases. Important research is needed to develop more tailored strategies, specific to the peculiarities of the different types of secondary osteoporosis.
    Best Practice & Research: Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism 12/2014; · 4.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: From 50 years of age, postmenopausal women are at an increased risk of developing sarcopenia and osteoporosis as a result of deterioration of musculoskeletal health. Both disorders increase the risk of falls and fractures. The risk of developing sarcopenia and osteoporosis may be attenuated through healthy lifestyle changes, which include adequate dietary protein, calcium and vitamin D intakes, and regular physical activity/exercise, besides hormone replacement therapy when appropriate. Protein intake and physical activity are the main anabolic stimuli for muscle protein synthesis. Exercise training leads to increased muscle mass and strength, and the combination of optimal protein intake and exercise produces a greater degree of muscle protein accretion than either intervention alone. Similarly, adequate dietary protein intake and resistance exercise are important contributors to the maintenance of bone strength. Vitamin D helps to maintain muscle mass and strength as well as bone health. These findings suggest that healthy lifestyle measures in women aged >50 years are essential to allow healthy aging. The European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis and Osteoarthritis (ESCEO) recommends optimal dietary protein intake of 1.0–1.2 g/kg body weight/d with at least 20–25 g of high-quality protein at each main meal, with adequate vitamin D intake at 800 IU/d to maintain serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels >50 nmol/L as well as calcium intake of 1000 mg/d, alongside regular physical activity/exercise 3–5 times/week combined with protein intake in close proximity to exercise, in postmenopausal women for prevention of age-related deterioration of musculoskeletal health.
    Maturitas 11/2014; · 2.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Patients with OA use different drugs in their search for relief. We aimed to study the prevalence of use and combinations of different medications for OA in a population-based cohort of OA patients in Catalonia, Spain, while characterizing users of each of the drugs available, with a particular focus on cardiovascular risk factors.
    Rheumatology (Oxford, England) 10/2014; · 4.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: With the advent of high active antiretroviral therapy there was a significant improvement on HIV subjects survival. Thus, bone changes related to HIV became an important aspect of these individuals. HIV affects bone remodeling causing bone fragility. In addition, antiretroviral therapy may also negatively affect bone metabolism. Several studies describe an increased incidence of fractures in these patients when compared with controls without the disease. The European Society of AIDS (EACS), and other societies, have included guidance on management of osteoporosis in HIV-infected patients emphasizing the identification of patients with low bone mass. Supplementation of calcium and vitamin D and the use of alendronate in these individuals should be recommended on a case base.
    Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia & Metabologia 07/2014; 58(5):478-483. · 0.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aims of the study were to establish the prevalence of high bone mass (HBM) in a cohort of Spanish postmenopausal women (BARCOS) and to assess the contribution of LRP5 and DKK1 mutations and of common bone mineral density (BMD) variants to a HBM phenotype. Furthermore, we describe the expression of several osteoblast-specific and Wnt-pathway genes in primary osteoblasts from two HBM cases. A 0.6% of individuals (10/1600) displayed Z-scores in the HBM range (sum Z-score >4). While no mutation in the relevant exons of LRP5 was detected, a rare missense change in DKK1 was found (p.Y74F), which cosegregated with the phenotype in a small pedigree. Fifty-five BMD SNPs from Estrada et al. [NatGenet 44:491-501,2012] were genotyped in the HBM cases to obtain risk scores for each individual. In this small group of samples, Z-scores were found inversely related to risk scores, suggestive of a polygenic etiology. There was a single exception, which may be explained by a rare penetrant genetic variant, counterbalancing the additive effect of the risk alleles. The expression analysis in primary osteoblasts from two HBM cases and five controls suggested that IL6R, DLX3, TWIST1 and PPARG are negatively related to Z-score. One HBM case presented with high levels of RUNX2, while the other displayed very low SOX6. In conclusion, we provide evidence of lack of LRP5 mutations and of a putative HBM-causing mutation in DKK1. Additionally, we present SNP genotyping and expression results that suggest additive effects of several genes for HBM.
    PLoS ONE 04/2014; 9(4):e94607. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Fractures in obese older individuals contribute significantly to the overall burden, but data on their impact on mortality are lacking. We studied the association between obesity and mortality following hip and non-hip clinical fractures in a retrospective, population-based cohort study. The SIDIAP(Q) database contains primary care computerized medical records of a representative sample of >2.1 million people (35% of the population) in Catalonia (Spain), linked to hospital admissions data. We included in this analysis anyone aged 40 years and older suffering a hip or non-hip clinical fracture in 2007-2009 in the SIDIAP(Q) database. The main exposure was the most recent body mass index (BMI) measured before fracture, categorized as underweight (<18.5 kg/m(2) ), normal (18.5 to <25 kg/m(2) ), overweight (25 to <30 kg/m(2) ) and obese (≥30 kg/m(2) ). Furthermore, the study outcome was all-cause mortality in 2007-2009 as provided to SIDIAP(Q) by the National Office of Statistics. Time to death after fracture was modelled using Cox regression. Multivariate models were adjusted for age, gender, smoking, alcohol intake, oral glucocorticoid use, and Charlson co-morbidity Index. Within the study period, 6,988 and 29,372 subjects with a hip or non-hip clinical fracture were identified and followed for a median (inter-quartile range) of 1.17(0.53-2.02) and 1.36(0.65-2.15) years, respectively. Compared to subjects of normal weight, adjusted hazard ratios (HR) for mortality in overweight and obese subjects were 0.74 (95%CI 0.62-0.88; p = 0.001) and 0.74 (0.60-0.91; p = 0.004) after hip and 0.50 (0.32-0.77; p = 0.002), 0.56 (0.36-0.87; p = 0.010) after non-hip fracture. In conclusion, the highest mortality was observed in individuals with low BMI, but compared to subjects of normal weight, obese and overweight individuals survived longer following fracture. The latter observation is consistent with data reported in other chronic conditions, but the reasons for reduced mortality in obese and overweight subjects when compared to those of normal weight require further research. © 2014 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research.
    Journal of bone and mineral research: the official journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research 02/2014; · 6.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Sclerostin is an osteocyte-derived inhibitor of osteoblast activity. The monoclonal antibody romosozumab binds to sclerostin and increases bone formation. Methods In a phase 2, multicenter, international, randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, eight-group study, we evaluated the efficacy and safety of romosozumab over a 12-month period in 419 postmenopausal women, 55 to 85 years of age, who had low bone mineral density (a T score of -2.0 or less at the lumbar spine, total hip, or femoral neck and -3.5 or more at each of the three sites). Participants were randomly assigned to receive subcutaneous romosozumab monthly (at a dose of 70 mg, 140 mg, or 210 mg) or every 3 months (140 mg or 210 mg), subcutaneous placebo, or an open-label active comparator - oral alendronate (70 mg weekly) or subcutaneous teriparatide (20 μg daily). The primary end point was the percentage change from baseline in bone mineral density at the lumbar spine at 12 months. Secondary end points included percentage changes in bone mineral density at other sites and in markers of bone turnover. Results All dose levels of romosozumab were associated with significant increases in bone mineral density at the lumbar spine, including an increase of 11.3% with the 210-mg monthly dose, as compared with a decrease of 0.1% with placebo and increases of 4.1% with alendronate and 7.1% with teriparatide. Romosozumab was also associated with large increases in bone mineral density at the total hip and femoral neck, as well as transitory increases in bone-formation markers and sustained decreases in a bone-resorption marker. Except for mild, generally nonrecurring injection-site reactions with romosozumab, adverse events were similar among groups. Conclusions In postmenopausal women with low bone mass, romosozumab was associated with increased bone mineral density and bone formation and with decreased bone resorption. (Funded by Amgen and UCB Pharma; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00896532 .).
    New England Journal of Medicine 01/2014; · 54.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Different studies have reported an association between HIV infection, antiretroviral therapies and impaired bone metabolism, but data on their impact on fracture risk are scarce. We studied the association between a clinical diagnosis of HIV infection and fracture risk. We conducted a case-control study using data from the Danish National Health Service registries, including 124,655 fracture cases and 373,962 age-gender-matched controls. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated using conditional logistic regression. A total of 50 (0.40/1,000) patients in the fracture group and 52 (0.14/1,000) controls had a HIV diagnosis. The risk of any fracture was thus significantly increased among HIV-infected patients (age and gender-matched OR = 2.89, 95% CI 1.99-4.18). Similarly, significant increases in the risk of hip (OR=8.99, 95% CI 1.39-58.0), forearm (OR=3.50, 95 CI 1.26-9.72), and spine fractures (OR=9.00, 95% CI 1.39-58.1) were observed. HIV infection is associated with an almost 3-fold increase in fracture risk compared to that of uninfected age and gender-matched uninfected patients. HIV patients are also at an almost 9-fold higher risk of hip fracture.
    JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 01/2014; · 4.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To assess patterns of anti-osteoporosis medication (AOM) use over 3 years among women at high risk of major fracture. The GLOW registry follows a cohort of more than 40,000 women aged ≥55 from 615 primary care practices in 10 countries. Self-administered surveys (baseline, 12, 24, and 36 months) collected data on patient characteristics, perception of fracture risk, and AOM use. FRAX scores were calculated from the baseline surveys and women classified as high risk if their FRAX 10-year probability of major fracture was ≥20%. A total of 5774 women were classified as at high risk and had complete data over 3 years. At baseline, 2271 (39%) reported receiving AOM, 739 (13%) reported prior but not current use, and 2764 (48%) said they had never used AOM. Over 3 years, 85% of baseline non-users continued as non-users and 15% initiated AOM; among baseline users, 49% continued the same medication class, 29% stopped AOM, and 12% switched. Women who stopped AOM were less likely to self-report osteoporosis (HR 0.56, 95% CI 0.42-0.75) than women who continued AOM. Compared with non-users who did not begin treatment, women initiating AOM were more likely to report a diagnosis of osteoporosis (HR 11.3, 95% CI 8.2-15.5) or osteopenia (HR 4.1, 95% CI 2.9-5.7) and be very concerned about osteoporosis (HR 1.9, 95% CI 1.3-2.8). Less than 40% of women at high risk of fracture reported taking AOM. Women who stopped AOM were less likely to believe they have osteoporosis. Women who initiated treatment appeared motivated primarily by a diagnosis of osteoporosis or osteopenia and concern about the condition.
    PLoS ONE 12/2013; 8(12):e82840. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To examine when, where and how fractures occur in postmenopausal women. We analyzed data from the Global Longitudinal Study of Osteoporosis in Women (GLOW), including women aged ≥55 years from the United States of America, Canada, Australia and seven European countries. Women completed questionnaires including fracture data at baseline and years 1, 2 and 3. Among 60,393 postmenopausal women, 4122 incident fractures were reported (86% non-hip, non-vertebral [NHNV], 8% presumably clinical vertebral and 6% hip). Hip fractures were more likely to occur in spring, with little seasonal variation for NHNV or spine fractures. Hip fractures occurred equally inside or outside the home, whereas 65% of NHNV fractures occurred outside and 61% of vertebral fractures occurred inside the home. Falls preceded 68-86% of NHNV and 68-83% of hip fractures among women aged ≤64 to ≥85 years, increasing with age. About 45% of vertebral fractures were associated with falls in all age groups except those ≥85 years, when only 24% occurred after falling. In this multi-national cohort, fractures occurred throughout the year, with only hip fracture having a seasonal variation, with a higher proportion in spring. Hip fractures occurred equally within and outside the home, spine fractures more often in the home, and NHNV fractures outside the home. Falls were a proximate cause of most hip and NHNV fractures. Postmenopausal women at risk for fracture need counseling about reducing potentially modifiable fracture risk factors, particularly falls both inside and outside the home and during all seasons of the year.
    PLoS ONE 12/2013; 8(12):e83306. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A novel, hand-held Reference Point Indentation (RPI) instrument, measures how well the bone of living patients and large animals resists indentation. The results presented here are reported in terms of Bone Material Strength, which is a normalized measure of how well the bone resists indentation, and is inversely related to the indentation distance into the bone. We present examples of the instrument's use in: (1) laboratory experiments on bone, including experiments through a layer of soft tissue, (2) three human clinical trials, two ongoing in Barcelona and at the Mayo Clinic, and one completed in Portland, OR, and (3) two ongoing horse clinical trials, one at Purdue University and another at Alamo Pintado Stables in California. The instrument is capable of measuring consistent values when testing through soft tissue such as skin and periosteum, and does so handheld, an improvement over previous Reference Point Indentation instruments. Measurements conducted on horses showed reproducible results when testing the horse through tissue or on bare bone. In the human clinical trials, reasonable and consistent values were obtained, suggesting the Osteoprobe(®) is capable of measuring Bone Material Strength in vivo, but larger studies are needed to determine the efficacy of the instrument's use in medical diagnosis.
    Journal of Medical Devices 12/2013; 7(4):410051-410056. · 0.62 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Osteoporosis is defined as a reduction in bone mass and impairment of bone quality that lead to bone fragility and fracture risk. Bone quality includes a hierarchy of properties from macroscopic to nanoscale level. Several techniques have been developed in an attempt to measure these non-density properties. Densitometry, high-resolution images (radiography, CT scan), and MRI can measure the geometry and microarchitecture of bone. Tissue mineralization and composition can be assessed by use of microradiography, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, or Raman microspectroscopy. Finite-element analysis is an image-based method that enables calculation of bone strength. More recently, microindentation has enabled direct estimation of bone material strength, measured in the cortical bone of the tibia. Most of these techniques are of limited use to clinics, although finite-element analysis and microindentation have high potential for clinical use and can enable more comprehensive and accurate evaluation of bone fragility and fracture susceptibility.
    Current Rheumatology Reports 11/2013; 15(11):373. · 2.45 Impact Factor
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    Erik F Eriksen, Adolfo Díez-Pérez, Steven Boonen
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    ABSTRACT: Osteoporosis is a progressive skeletal disorder that requires long-term treatment. However, there is little guidance regarding optimal treatment duration and what the treatment discontinuation and retreatment criteria should be. Given that bisphosphonates are the most commonly prescribed class of agent for the treatment of osteoporosis, we reviewed the long-term data relating to these therapies and discussed the considerations for using bisphosphonates in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. A PubMed search, using the search terms 'bisphosphonate', 'postmenopausal osteoporosis' and 'long term' and/or 'extension' was conducted in January 2013. Results from 9 controlled studies that prospectively assessed alendronate, risedronate, ibandronate or zoledronic acid in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis were reviewed. Clinical studies in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis showed that long-term use of bisphosphonates resulted in persistent antifracture and bone mineral density (BMD) increasing effects beyond 3years of treatment. No unexpected adverse events were identified in these studies and the long-term tolerability profiles of bisphosphonates remain favorable. Data from the withdrawal extension studies of alendronate and zoledronic acid also showed that residual fracture benefits were seen in patients who discontinued treatment for 3 to 5years after an initial 3- to 5-year treatment period. BMD monitoring and fracture risk assessments should be conducted regularly to determine whether treatment could be stopped or should be reinitiated. Patients exhibiting T-scores<-2.5 or who have suffered a new fracture while on treatment should continue treatment, while patients with T-scores>-2.5 could be considered for discontinuation of active treatment while undergoing continued monitoring of their bone health. The duration and potential discontinuation of treatment should be personalized for individual patients based on their response to treatment, fracture risk and comorbidities.
    Bone 10/2013; · 4.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Fractures may be associated with higher morbidity in obese postmenopausal women than in nonobese women. We compared health-care utilization, functional status, and health-related quality of life (HRQL) in obese, nonobese, and underweight women with fractures. Information from the GLOW study, started in 2006, was collected at baseline and at 1, 2, and 3 years. In this subanalysis, self-reported incident clinical fractures, health-care utilization, HRQL, and functional status were recorded and examined. Women in GLOW (n = 60,393) were aged ≥55 years, from 723 physician practices at 17 sites in 10 countries. Complete data for fracture and body mass index were available for 90 underweight, 3,270 nonobese, and 941 obese women with one or more incident clinical fractures during the 3-year follow-up. The median hospital length of stay, adjusted for age, comorbidities, and fracture type, was significantly greater in obese than nonobese women (6 vs. 5 days, p = 0.017). Physical function and vitality score were significantly worse in obese than in nonobese women, both before and after fracture; but changes after fracture were similar across groups. Use of antiosteoporosis medication was significantly lower in obese than in nonobese or underweight women. In conclusion, obese women with fracture undergo a longer period of hospitalization for treatment and have poorer functional status and HRQL than nonobese women. Whether these differences translate into higher economic costs and adverse effects on longer-term outcomes remains to be established.
    Calcified Tissue International 09/2013; · 2.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A major side effect of aromatase inhibitor (AI) therapy is AI-related arthralgia (AIA), which often leads to therapy discontinuation. We aimed to identify genetic variants associated with AIA and therapy discontinuation in the first year of AI treatment. Our prospective cohort study included 343 postmenopausal women with early breast cancer starting AI therapy. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in candidate genes involved in estrogen and vitamin D signaling were selected. Univariate and multivariate linear/logistic regressions were fitted in order to asses the association between studied SNPs and AIA intensity (visual analogic scale score) at 3 and 12 months of follow-up, worsening pain, and therapy discontinuation. We also tested for a priori-defined interactions by introducing multiplicative terms in the regression equations. SNPs in CYP17A1 and VDR genes appeared significantly associated with AIA (P = 0.003, P = 0.012, respectively). One SNP in CYP27B1 gene was related to therapy discontinuation [P = 0.02; OR 0.29 (0.09-0.99)]. We revealed interactions between CYP27B1 and both CYP17A1 (P = 0.01) and VDR SNPs (P = 0.06). Furthermore, an additive effect on pain intensity was shown for unfavorable alleles, with two points higher mean absolute pain increase and up to 5.3-fold higher risk of worsening pain compared to favorable genotypes. SNPs in CYP17A1, VDR, and CYP27B1 genes predict the risk of AIA. Their determination would be useful to trigger the monitoring strategies in women at risk of therapy discontinuation.
    Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 07/2013; · 4.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Anti-osteoporosis medication (AOM) does not abolish fracture risk, and some individuals experience multiple fractures while on treatment. Therefore, criteria for treatment failure have recently been defined. Using data from the Global Longitudinal study of Osteoporosis in Women (GLOW), we analyzed risk factors for treatment failure, defined as sustaining ≥2 fractures while on AOM. GLOW is a prospective, observational cohort study of women aged ≥55 years sampled from primary care practices in 10 countries. Self-administered questionnaires collected data on patient characteristics, fracture risk factors, previous fractures, AOM use, and health status. Data were analyzed from women who used the same class of AOM continuously over 3 survey-years and had data available on fracture occurrence. Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify independent predictors of treatment failure. Data from 26,918 women were available, of whom 5550 were on AOM. During follow-up, 73/5550 women in the AOM group (1.3%) and 123/21,368 in the non-AOM group (0.6%) reported occurrence of ≥2 fractures. The following variables were associated with treatment failure: lower SF-36 score (physical function and vitality) at baseline, higher FRAX score, falls in the past 12 months, selected comorbid conditions, prior fracture, current use of glucocorticoids, need of arms to assist to standing, and unexplained weight loss ≥10 lb (≥4.5 kg). Three variables remained predictive of treatment failure after multivariable analysis: worse SF-36 vitality score (odds ratio [OR] per 10-point increase 0.85; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.76-0.95; p = 0.004), ≥2 falls in the past year (OR 2.40; 95% CI 1.34-4.29; p = 0.011), and prior fracture (OR 2.93; 95% CI 1.81-4.75; p < 0.0001). The C statistic for the model was 0.712. Specific strategies for fracture prevention should therefore be developed for this subgroup of patients.
    Journal of bone and mineral research: the official journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research 06/2013; · 6.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Several recent studies suggest that obesity may be a risk factor for fracture. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between body mass index (BMI) and future fracture risk at different skeletal sites. In prospective cohorts from more than 25 countries, baseline data on BMI were available in 398,610 women with an average age of 63 years (range 20-105 years) and follow up of 2.2 million person-years during which 30,280 osteoporotic fractures (6,457 hip fractures) occurred. Femoral neck BMD was measured in 108,267 of these women. Obesity (BMI≥30 kg/m(2) ) was present in 22%. A majority of osteoporotic fractures (81%) and hip fractures (87%) arose in non-obese women. Compared to a BMI of 25 kg/m(2) , the hazard ratio (HR, 95% CI) for osteoporotic fracture at a BMI of 35 kg/m(2) was 0.87 (0.85-0.90). When adjusted for BMD, however, the same comparison showed that the hazard ratio for osteoporotic fracture was increased (HR= 1.16; 95% CI = 1.09 - 1.23). Low BMI is a risk factor for hip and all osteoporotic fracture, but is a protective factor for lower leg fracture, whereas high BMI is a risk factor for upper arm (humerus and elbow) fracture. When adjusted for BMD, low BMI remained a risk factor for hip fracture but was protective for osteoporotic fracture, tibia and fibula fracture, distal forearm fracture and upper arm fracture. When adjusted for BMD, high BMI remained a risk factor for upper arm fracture but was also a risk factor for all osteoporotic fractures. The association between BMI and fracture risk is complex, differs across skeletal sites and is modified by the interaction between BMI and BMD. At a population level, high BMI remains a protective factor for most sites of fragility fracture. The contribution of increasing population rates of obesity to apparent decreases in fracture rates should be explored.
    Journal of bone and mineral research: the official journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research 06/2013; · 6.04 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2k Citations
440.85 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2014
    • Consorci MAR Parc de Salut de Barcelona
      Barcino, Catalonia, Spain
  • 2010–2014
    • Instituto de Salud Carlos III
      Madrid, Madrid, Spain
  • 2013
    • Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
      Cambridge, England, United Kingdom
  • 2009–2013
    • IMIM Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute
      Barcino, Catalonia, Spain
  • 2003–2013
    • Parc de Salut Mar
      Barcino, Catalonia, Spain
  • 2002–2013
    • Autonomous University of Barcelona
      Cerdanyola del Vallès, Catalonia, Spain
  • 2012
    • Parc de recerca biomedica de barcelona
      Barcino, Catalonia, Spain
  • 2011
    • Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Raras
      Valenza, Valencia, Spain
    • Institut Marqués, Spain, Barcelona
      Barcino, Catalonia, Spain
    • Universidad de Cantabria
      Santander, Cantabria, Spain
  • 2005–2011
    • University of Barcelona
      • • Departament de Medicina
      • • Departament de Genètica
      Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
  • 2006
    • The University of Edinburgh
      • Rheumatic Diseases Unit
      Edinburgh, SCT, United Kingdom
    • Eli Lilly
      Indianapolis, Indiana, United States
    • Erasmus MC
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Rotterdam, South Holland, Netherlands