[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL) are a heterogeneous group of diseases with a high prevalence in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected patients. The immunosuppression associated with AIDS predisposes to develop NHL, including Burkitt's lymphoma (BL). BL is an uncommon and aggressive subtype of NHL that occurs with increased frequency among patients with AIDS. BL is associated with a high proliferative rate (Ki67 index) and compromises extranodal sites as the clinical presentation of the disease. Here we report a case of a primary BL of the oral cavity in an AIDS female patient, and a review the literature on the characteristics of oral cavity lymphomas in AIDS patients.
Revista Espanola de Cirugia Oral y Maxilofacial 01/2014;
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Primary soft tissue Non-Hodgkin lymphomas are very rare and account only for 0.1 % of the cases. Generally, Non-Hodgkin lymphomas of the soft tissue present as large subcutaneous masses without evidence of nodal or skin involvement. We describe four cases of primary Non-Hodgkin lymphomas of the soft tissue in patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus. The most common site of involvement was the chest wall in all the patients; histopathological and immunophenotypic examination of the biopsy smears revealed two cases of plasmablastic lymphomas, one Burkitt and one diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Non-Hodgkin lymphomas should be included in the differential diagnosis of soft tissue masses in human immunodeficiency virus - seropositive patients.
Anais brasileiros de dermatologia 08/2013; 88(4):631-4.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The ulcerative haemosiderinic dyschromia of chronic venous insufficiency is difficult to heal and presents a high accumulation of iron. Lactoferrin, a potent natural iron chela-tor, could help to scar this ulcerative haemosi -derinic dyschromia. The objective of this study was to determine whether the topical application of a liposomal gel with Lactoferrin favors scarring/degradation of the brown col-ored spot typical of ulcerative haemosiderinic dyschromia. Nine patients with severe chron-ic venous insufficiency and ulcerative haemosiderinic dyschromia (CEAP-C6), with a natural evolution of over 12 months, were included in the study. Hemo chromatosis gene mutations were investigated. The levels of serum ferritin, transferrin saturation and blood cell counts were analyzed. The presence of hemosiderin was investigated through periulcerous and ulcer fundus biopsies car-ried out at baseline and 30 days after treat-ment with Lactoferrin. The severity of the injuries (CEAP classification) was evaluated at the beginning of and throughout the whole 3-month treatment period. No patient had received compression treatment during the three months previous to this therapy. Significant improvement in these injuries, with a reduction in the dimensions of the brown spot (9 of 9) at Day 90, and complete scarring with a closure time ranging from 15 to 180 days (7 of 9) were observed. The use of topical lactoferrin is a non-invasive therapeu-tic tool that favors clearance of hemosiderinic dyschromia and scarring of the ulcer. The success of this study was not influenced either by the hemochromatosis genetics or the iron metabolism profile observed.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma represents 6-10% of pediatric malignancies, and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is one of the three major subtypes. The 2008 WHO classification included a new entity, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive DLBCL of the elderly, affecting patients >50 years. It has been demonstrated that EBV may play a role in tumor microenvironment composition, disturbing antitumor immune response and disease progression. As most studies were performed in adults, our aim was to assess EBV presence and latency pattern, as well as T-cell microenvironment in a pediatric DLBCL series of Argentina. The study was conducted on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded biopsies from 25 DLBCL patients. EBV-encoded small nuclear early regions (EBERs) expression was performed by in situ hybridization, whereas EBV gene expression was analyzed using real-time PCR. Epstein-Barr virus latent membrane proteins (LMP)1, LMP2A, CD3, CD4, CD8 and Foxp3 expression were assessed by immunohistochemistry (IHC). Forty percent of cases showed EBV expression, with a significantly higher incidence among patients <10 years (p = 0.018), and with immunosuppressed (p = 0.023). T-cell subsets were not altered by EBV presence. Full EBV latency antigen expression (latency type III) was the most frequently pattern observed, together with BZLF1 lytic gene expression. One patient showed II-like pattern (LMP1 without LMP2A expression). Based exclusively on IHC, some patients showed latency II/III (EBERs and LMP1 expression) or I (EBERs only). These findings suggest that EBV association in our series was higher than the previously demonstrated for elderly DLBCL and that EBV latency pattern could be more complex from those previously observed. Therefore, EBV could be an important cofactor in pediatric DLBCL lymphomagenesis.
International Journal of Cancer 09/2012; · 6.20 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) is a distinct disease entity of the diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, which often occurs in HIV-positive patients. The immunophenotype of this lymphoid neoplasm is characterized by the presence of plasma cell-associated markers VS38c and CD138 antigens and the absence of B-cell markers such as CD20 and CD45. The most frequent site of involvement is the oral cavity and the jaw, while several reports describe the development of PBL in extra-oral sites including the lymph nodes, the anal canal, the soft tissue, the skin and the gastrointestinal tract as less frequent. Epstein-Barr virus is often associated with PBL pathogenesis and the neoplastic cells contain this virus genome. Here we review the epidemiological, clinical, immunological, histopathological and virological characteristics and their prognosis and outcome in a series of five patients with diagnoses of HIV/AIDS and PBL.
International Journal of STD & AIDS 12/2011; 22(12):759-63. · 1.00 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Extranodal non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) were commonly described in AIDS patients and are related with an atypical morphology and aggressive clinical course.
In this single institutional study we evaluated the epidemiological, clinical, immunological, virological, histopathological and the outcome of eleven HIV/AIDS patients with oral cavity lymphomas (OCL).
Nine were males and seven intravenous drug abusers. The median of age was 33 years and the median of CD4 T cell counts at the time of diagnosis was 97 cell/µL. The majority of tumors presented as large and ulcerated masses involving the gingiva, the palate and the jaw. Six of these tumors were diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCL); three were Burkitt's lymphomas and the final case was a plasmablastic lymphoma. An association with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) was found in three of the ten tested cases by in situ hybridization (EBER 1 and 2 probes) and immunohistochemistry (LMP-1). Human herpes virus-8 (HHV-8) was detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in only one neoplasm. Six patients died without specific treatment; four received chemotherapy and highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and three of them presented a prolonged survival.
Combination of HAART and chemotherapy should modify the poor prognosis of AIDS patients with OCL.
Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer 09/2011; 42(3):143-8.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cutaneous B cell lymphoma (CBCL) is a lymphoproliferative disorder of neoplastic B cell of the skin with a wide range of clinical manifestations. Commonly, the clinical features of CBCL are plaques, nodules, or ulcerative lesions. Skin is one of the common sites for extra-nodal lymphomas in patients with AIDS and B cell type is less common than T cell type. Only recently, the existence of B cell lymphomas presenting clinically in the skin without evidence of extra-cutaneous involvement has been accepted as primary CBCL. Here, we are presenting 5 patients with cutaneous involvement in the setting of HIV/AIDS disease. Two of them were primary cutaneous non-Hodgkin lymphomas. All were CBCL; 3 were immunoblastic, 1 was plasmablastic, and the other was a Burkitt lymphoma. We analyzed the epidemiological, clinical, virological, and immunological characteristics of this group of patients.
The Brazilian journal of infectious diseases: an official publication of the Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases 01/2010; 14(1):81-5. · 1.04 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL) of the B-cell type are the second most common neoplasm among patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and AIDS. Here, we evaluated 48 cases of AIDS-related lymphomas (ARL) diagnosed at the Histopathological Division of the Instituto de Investigaciones Hematológicas of the National Academy of Medicine. Five were females and 43 were males with a median of age of 37 years at the time of the diagnosis. Micrometer sections were prepared and stained with hematoxilin-eosin; immunohistochemical examination for the presence of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) was carried out in 48/48 cases. Additionally, biotinilated oligonucleotides were used to determine the presence of DNA of the Human Herpes virus type-8 (HHV-8) in 14/14 biopsy smears corresponding to plasmablastic lymphomas (PL). All were fenotype B cell lymphomas with an aggressive course and advanced neoplasm disease at the time of diagnosis. Virological findings showed the strong association between EBV and AIDS-related NHL. According to the histopathological subtype, the EBV genome was detected in 16/21 (76%) diffuse large B cell lymphomas, 1/3 Burkitt lymphoma and 3/4 (75%) of primary central nervous system lymphomas. Globally, EBV genome was detected in 20/28 NHL of this series. Detection of HHV-8 was negative in all cases of PL. Hodgkin lymphoma were more frequent in males 18/20 (90%), with an aggressive clinical course and a significant predominance of the subtypes associated with worse prognosis (90% of cases). We detected a significant association between EBV and HL (90% of cases). We consider that all cases of AIDS related lymphomas should be assessed for the presence of EBV because its presence may play a role in the prognosis.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) has been characterised by the World Health Organization as a new entity. This report describes an unusual case of PBL in a 3-year-old HIV-infected patient showing a cutaneous vulvar lesion with 9 months of evolution and prolapsed vulvovaginal mucosa. Histopathological examination of a biopsy sample showed diffuse submucosal infiltration by large cells with a cohesive growth pattern, and round and vesicular nuclei with fine chromatin centrally or eccentrically placed with one or more prominent nucleoli. Immunohistochemical staining in neoplastic cells was positive for multiple melanoma oncogene (MUM1), CD138, CD45 and epithelial membrane antigen (EMA). The diagnosis was PBL, stage III. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) expression was positive by EBV encoded RNAs in situ hybridisation. This is believed to be the third case of paediatric HIV-associated PBL reported in the literature, and the first with vulvar localisation, which is a new anatomical location for this entity.
Journal of clinical pathology 08/2009; 62(7):644-6. · 2.43 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a well defined lymphoid neoplasm genetically characterized by the t(11;14)(q13;q32). Telomeres play an essential role in preserving chromosomal integrity and genomic stability; their shortening can lead to telomere dysfunction and chromosomal instability, a critical factor in cancer development. In this study, telomere length (TL) measured by terminal restriction fragments (TRF) assay in DNA samples of tumor cells from 20 patients with MCL was evaluated. Results were correlated with clinical, morphologic and cytogenetic characteristics. In all cases, the presence of the CCND1/IGH@ rearrangement was confirmed by fluorescence in situ hybridization and/or PCR analysis. TL in total MCL patients revealed a mean TRF value (4.51 +/- 0.79 kb) significantly shorter than those observed in controls (7.49 +/- 1.94 kb) (P < 0.001); 30% of patients had TL shorter than 4.0 kb. TRF length was not associated with patients age (P = 0.07; r = 0.17) nor with sex (females: 4.33 +/- 0.51 kb and males: 4.57 +/- 0.85 kb; P = 0.63). No significant differences were found between patients studied at diagnosis (13) (4.44 +/- 0.81 kb) respect to those analyzed at relapse (7) (4.63 +/- 0.82 kb) (P = 0.53). In addition, we compared patients with (4.84 +/- 1.09 kb) and without (4.40 +/- 0.68 kb) complex karyotypes (P = 0.45) and cases with typical morphology (4.48 +/- 0.79 kb) vs. blastoid variant (4.63 +/- 1.04 kb) (P = 0.83), and no significant differences between them were found. Although the number of cases of our series is not large, our results showed that TL reduction in MCL is independent of the clinical characteristics, morphology and karyotype.
European Journal Of Haematology 07/2009; 83(5):433-8. · 2.55 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Smooth muscle neoplasms are more frequent in human immunodeficiency infected children than in HIV seropositive adults. Endobronchial leiomyoma is a rare benign tumor in HIV infected adult patients. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of these tumors. Here we describe an adult patient with HIV infection with atelectasis of the left upper pulmonary lobe as the first clinical expression of an intrabronchial leiomyoma. In this case, we can not show the association with EBV. Our report suggests that smooth muscle tumors as leiomyoma should be included in the differential diagnosis of endobronchial masses in AIDS patients.
Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo 01/2009; 51(1):53-5. · 0.96 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Morphological, immunophenotypic and genetic heterogeneity amongst mantle cell lymphomas (MCLs) can lead to difficulties in diagnosis and management. The aim was to describe the clinical and pathological features of MCLs with aberrant expression of CD10.
Of 17 specimens from 13 patients, 14 expressed CD10 and three (presenting before or after a CD10+ specimen) did not. All expressed cyclin D1 and carried the t(11;14)(q13;q32)/CCND1-IGH translocation. Similar to non-selected MCL patients, most patients had disseminated disease and an adverse clinical course. Five specimens showed pleomorphic blastoid morphology and blastoid transformation was associated with a change in phenotype, including gain or loss of CD10. Additional phenotypic variations likely to cause diagnostic difficulty were present in eight specimens: five were CD5- and five (all CD10+) expressed Bcl-6. One Bcl-6+ case carried a BCL-6 translocation and three others had extra copies of the BCL-6 gene. Sequence analysis of the immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region in five cases showed only one to have low-level somatic mutation, indicating that they did not arise from germinal centre B cells.
Expression of CD10 by MCL is often associated with other variant morphological, immunophenotypic or genetic features, but does not reflect derivation from germinal centre B cells.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Adult intussusception is rare. Here, we describe a case of an AIDS adult patient who developed an ileocolic intussusception secondary to a large B cell lymphoma of the cecum. Surgical findings included the ileon free of the tumor and invaginated within the cecum with infiltrating neoplasm. Surgical treatment included the resection of the right hemicolon because of the tumor, located in the cecum, causing intussusception. The English and Spanish literature is reviewed.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A retrospective study was conducted of extranodal oral Non-Hodgkin's Lymphomas diagnosed at the Surgical Pathology Laboratory of the School of Dentistry at Buenos Aires University, Argentina, between 1985 and 2004. The 40 cases found represent 0.2% of the oral biopsies diagnosed during that time and 4.6% of malignant neoplasias. Overall mean age of patients was 49.4 years, and frequency was greater in males. 80% affected soft tissues. Prevalent location was gingival, followed by palate. Intraosseous cases were more frequent in mandible (75%) than in upper maxilla. 100% of the cases were phenotype B, with a higher frequency of high-grade aggressiveness. The most common histological type was Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma. 60% of the Plasmablastic Lymphomas in the series came from HIV+ patients. Evolution time prior to consultation was 1 to 3 months in 57.7% of the cases.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of B-cell type is the second most common neoplasm after Kaposi's sarcoma, among patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection. Most non-Hodgkin's lymphoma cases that are associated with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome involve extranodal sites, especially the digestive tract and the central nervous system. We report a case of primary lymphoma of the duodenum in a patient with AIDS. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed pseudopolypoid masses found in the second portion of the duodenum. A complete diagnostic study including histological, immunohistochemical and virological analyses showed high-grade B-cell Burkitt's lymphoma. The Epstein-Barr virus genome was detected in biopsies by immunohistochemical and in situ hybridization.
Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical 01/2007; 40(3):338-40. · 0.93 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) is the second most common neoplasm among patients with AIDS. One of the major clinical characteristics of AIDS-associated NHL is the high frequency of extra-nodal involvement, including the gastrointestinal tract, at initial presentation.
From January 1997 to December 2004, 8 cases of NHL of the digestive tract and anexal glands (liver and parotid gland) were observed at the HIV/AIDS division of the Infectious Diseases FJ Muñiz Hospital from Buenos Aires, Argentina. All patients were staged by computed tomography scanning and bone marrow examination, in addition to the endoscopic evaluation.
All patients were males; 4 were heterosexual, 2 homosexual, and 1 were a hemophilic and an intravenous drug abuser. The median age was 42 years and the median CD4 T cell count was 87 cells/uL at the time of the diagnosis of neoplasm. No patient was receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) at lymphoma diagnosis. The global incidence of AIDS-associated lymphomas (central nervous system lymphomas, non-Hodgkin lymphomas and Hodgkin lymphoma) during the time of study was 2,9% (54 cases); 17 patients (32%) had diagnosis of systemic NHL; 10 (58,8%) of them were extranodal at the onset of clinical symptoms and 8 (80%) involvement the digestive tract and anexal glands (parotid gland, cavum, esophagus, stomach, duodenum, the right colon in 2 patients and the liver), as primary NHL of high grade and "B" phenotype. All patients presented "B" symptoms at the time of diagnosis. Primary duodenal lymphoma was the only Burkitt lymphoma of this serie and we detected the Epstein-Barr virus genome in the biopsy smears of this tumor and in the hepatic lymphoma. Four patients were treated with systemic chemotherapy with granulocitic growth factor support plus highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART); 2 of them (cavum and one of the colon) had a prolonged survival with immune reconstitution during 5 and 6 years, respectively, after the diagnosis. The median survival of the patients, which received HAART plus chemotherapy, was 33 months. The median survival of the others patients was 90 days.
NHL of the gastrointestinal tract is a severe complication of advanced HIV/AIDS disease. Early diagnosis followed by chemotherapy plus HAART are necessary to improve the prognosis and the survival of these patients.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Intracranial and intraspinal involvement is a rare complication of Hodgkin's disease. We report a case of a patient with diagnosis of AIDS and Hodgkin's lymphoma who developed brain and spinal involvement at the time of the relapse of the neoplasm disease. Mixed cellularity histology was the subtype of Hodgkin's disease in our patient; we identified the Epstein-Barr virus genome in the Reed-Sternberg cells by immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization.