Akiko Ito

Meiji Pharmaceutical University, Edo, Tōkyō, Japan

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Publications (4)12.92 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Gefitinib competes with topoisomerase I inhibitors at drug efflux pumps in vitro. We evaluated the effects of oral gefitinib on pharmacokinetic parameters of orally coadministered irinotecan. We measured the serum pharmacokinetic parameters and biliary excretion of irinotecan, SN-38 and its glucuronide after irinotecan (50 or 100 mg/kg) was orally administered with or without gefitinib 100 mg/kg to rats. We measured the concentrations of irinotecan and SN-38 in the small intestine, liver, lungs and kidneys in each rat. The plasma area under the curve (0-24 h) of irinotecan and SN-38 was increased significantly, while the apparent elimination constant of irinotecan was decreased significantly. Gefitinib significantly increased the biliary cumulative amounts of irinotecan, but not of SN-38, and also influenced the enterohepatic circulation of irinotecan, but not of SN-38. Gefitinib increased the serum concentrations of irinotecan and SN-38 following oral administration of irinotecan without increasing the biliary excretion of SN-38 in vivo.
    Chemotherapy 11/2008; 54(6):485-91. · 2.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Irinotecan (7-ethyl-10-[4-(1-piperidino)-1-piperidino]-carbonyloxycamptothecin; CPT-11) is a widely used potent antitumor drug that inhibits mammalian DNA topoisomerase I (Topo I); however, overexpression of ABCG2 (BCRP/MXR/ABCP) can confer cancer cell resistance to SN-38, the active form of CPT-11. We have recently demonstrated that plasma membrane vesicles prepared from ABCG2-overexpressing PC-6/SN2-5H cells transported SN-38 and its glucuronide conjugate in an ATP-dependent manner (Nakatomi et al., Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2001;288:827-32). In the present study, we have characterized a total of 14 new camptothecin (CPT) analogues with respect to both the inhibition of Topo I and the substrate specificity of ABCG2. All of the tested CPT analogues, which have different substitutions at positions 10 and 11, strongly inhibited the Topo I activity in a cell-free system, as did SN-38. Their antitumor activities in the SN-38-resistant PC-6/SN2-5H2 cell line greatly varied, however, being correlated with intracellular accumulation levels. We have examined ATP-dependent transport of those CPT analogues by using plasma membrane vesicles prepared from both PC-6/SN2-5H2 cells and ABCG2-transfected HEK-293 cells. Based on the substrate specificity of ABCG2 thus evaluated, it is strongly suggested that CPT analogues with high polarity are good substrates for ABCG2 and are therefore effectively extruded from cancer cells. In this context, to circumvent ABCG2-associated drug resistance, low-polarity CPT analogues are considered to be potent lead compounds. The present study provides a practical approach to discover new CPT-based drugs for the chemotherapy of drug-resistant human cancer.
    International Journal of Cancer 08/2004; 110(6):921-7. · 6.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Remarkable advances have been made in cancer chemotherapy by developing new anticancer drugs and pharmacogenomics strategies. However, multidrug resistance in human cancers is the major obstacle to long-term, sustained patient response to chemotherapy. Several ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters cause multidrug resistance in cancer cells by actively extruding the clinically administered chemotherapeutic drugs. P-glycoprotein (ABCB1/MDR1/P-gp) and MRP1 (ABCC1/GS-X pump) have been well characterized in terms of their molecular structure and function. In addition, ABCG2/breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) is the most recently identified/ABC transporter, and is also reportedly associated with cellular resistance against chemotherapeutic agents, such as DNA topoisomerase I, II inhibitor. It is important to note that these ABC transporters are expressed not only in cancer cells but also in normal tissues to play a pivotal role in the absorption, distribution, and excretion of endogenous substances as well as xenobiotics. ABC transporters are key factors that can affect the pharmacokinetic profiles of drugs. Recent studies have revealed that many single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) reside in these ABC transporter genes. Functional analysis of the genetic polymorphism of ABC transporters would greatly contribute to our understanding of individual differences in the drug response and also to the development of personalized medicine in the near future.
    Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy 02/2004; 31(1):1-6.
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    ABSTRACT: Overexpression of the ATP-binding cassette transporter ABCG2 reportedly causes multidrug resistance, whereas altered drug-resistance profiles and substrate specificity are implicated for certain variant forms of ABCG2. At least three variant forms of ABCG2 have been hitherto documented on the basis of their amino acid moieties (i.e., arginine, glycine and threonine) at position 482. In the present study we have generated those ABCG2 variants by site-directed mutagenesis and expressed them in HEK-293 cells. Exogenous expression of the Arg(482), Gly(482), and Thr(482) variant forms of ABCG2 conferred HEK-293 cell resistance toward mitoxantrone 15-, 47- and 54-fold, respectively, as compared with mock-transfected HEK-293 cells. The transport activity of those variants was examined by using plasma-membrane vesicles prepared from ABCG2-overexpressing HEK-293 cells. [Arg(482)]ABCG2 transports [(3)H]methotrexate in an ATP-dependent manner; however, no transport activity was observed with the other variants (Gly(482) and Thr(482)). Transport of methotrexate by [Arg(482)]ABCG2 was significantly inhibited by mitoxantrone, doxorubicin and rhodamine 123, but not by S -octylglutathione. Furthermore, ABCG2 was found to exist in the plasma membrane as a homodimer bound via cysteinyl disulphide bond(s). Treatment with mercaptoethanol decreased its apparent molecular mass from 140 to 70 kDa. Nevertheless, ATP-dependent transport of methotrexate by [Arg(482)]ABCG2 was little affected by such mercaptoethanol treatment. It is concluded that Arg(482) is a critical amino acid moiety in the substrate specificity and transport of ABCG2 for certain drugs, such as methotrexate.
    Biochemical Journal 09/2003; 373(Pt 3):767-74. · 4.65 Impact Factor