[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose:
Unexpected intraoperative bleeding during thoracoscopic surgery, necessitating emergency conversion to thoracotomy, is gradually being reported. We reviewed our experience of encountering unexpected bleeding during thoracoscopic surgery.
We defined "unexpected intraoperative bleeding" as the need for hemostatic procedures with angiorrhaphy, with or without a sealant. The location, cause, and management of injured vessels, and perioperative outcomes were investigated and compared with those for patients without injured vessels.
Between 2007 and 2014, a total of 241 thoracoscopic anatomical pulmonary resections were performed at our hospital. Twenty (8.3 %) of these patients required hemostatic procedures with angiorrhaphy, with or without a sealant. The main injured vessels were the pulmonary artery (n = 13) and vein (n = 3) and the main causes of injury were related to technical issues with energy devices and staplers. There were no morbidities related to intraoperative bleeding. The operation time and blood loss were significantly greater in the patients with vessel injury than in those without vessel injury, but perioperative morbidities and the duration of chest tube insertion (4.5 vs. 3.5 days, average, p = 0.20) and postoperative hospital stay (12.7 vs. 11.0 days, average, p = 0.08) were not significantly different.
The frequency of unexpected bleeding was relatively high in this series, but its management and outcomes were satisfactory in terms of safety.
Surgery Today 09/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00595-015-1253-9 · 1.53 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In the area of manufacturing surgical instruments, the ability to rapidly design, prototype and test surgical instruments is critical. This paper provides a simple case study of the rapid development of two bio-mechanism based surgical instruments which are ergonomic, aesthetic and were successfully designed, prototyped and conceptually tested in a very short period of time.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Genetic factors are important in lung cancer, but as most lung cancers are sporadic, little is known about inherited genetic factors. We identified a three-generation family with suspected autosomal dominant inherited lung cancer susceptibility. Sixteen individuals in the family had lung cancer. To identify the gene(s) that cause lung cancer in this pedigree, we extracted DNA from the peripheral blood of three individuals and from the blood of one cancer-free control family member and performed whole-exome sequencing. We identified 41 alterations in 40 genes in all affected family members but not in the unaffected member. These were considered candidate mutations for familial lung cancer. Next, to identify somatic mutations and/or inherited alterations in these 40 genes among sporadic lung cancers, we performed exon target enrichment sequencing using 192 samples from sporadic lung cancer patients. We detected somatic 'candidate' mutations in multiple sporadic lung cancer samples; MAST1, CENPE, CACNB2 and LCT were the most promising candidate genes. In addition, the MAST1 gene was located in a putative cancer-linked locus in the pedigree. Our data suggest that several genes act as oncogenic drivers in this family, and that MAST1 is most likely to cause lung cancer.Journal of Human Genetics advance online publication, 16 July 2015; doi:10.1038/jhg.2015.75.
Journal of Human Genetics 07/2015; DOI:10.1038/jhg.2015.75 · 2.46 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background/aims:
To clarify improvement of hepatic resection in the recent years, we examined surgical records of 544 patients who underwent hepatectomy in 3 periods between 1994 and 2011 at a single academic institute.
Subjects were divided into 3 groups: group 1 (1994-1999, n = 156), group 2 (2000-2006, n = 228) and group 3 (2007-2011, n = 160). Clinical factors, surgical records and post-hepatectomy outcomes during hospitalization were compared between groups.
In group 3, patient age was significantly higher and the incidences of alcoholic or fatty liver and obstructive jaundice were significantly higher than in group 1 (p < 0.05). Preoperative liver function was not different between groups, and only prothrombin activity was significantly better in group 1 in comparison with the other groups (p < 0.05). In comparison with group 1, the incidence of resident surgeons as the main operator were significantly higher than in group 3 (p < 0.01). Incidences of laparoscopic hepatectomy and thoraco-abdominal approach were increased in group 3 (p < 0.01). Incidences of combined organ and major vessels resections were significantly higher in group 3 in comparison with group 1 (p < 0.01). Use of omental wrapping and hemostatic devices were significantly more frequent in group 3 than in group 1 (p < 0.01). Surgical records were not different between groups but the red cell transfusion rate in group 3 was significantly lower than in group 1 (p < 0.05). Hospital stay in group 3 was significantly shorter than in group 1. Incidence of hepatectomy-related complication, particularly bile leakage, was significantly lower in group 3 than in group 1 (p < 0.05).
According to this evaluation of different time periods, surgical outcomes have been improved with new surgical procedures and perioperative management.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Recent studies have shown that cancer cells surviving in a microenvironment characterized by hypoxia, low pH, and low glucose level have an ability to adapt to the adverse conditions. We measured the pH in the central tumor area of primary lung cancer, and evaluated its association with clinicopathological factors. There was a negative correlation between the tumor size and pH;with an increase in the tumor size, the pH decreased. Cancer cells grow at a markedly low pH compared with the physiological environment. There is a possibility that this low pH is a microenvironment that is appropriate rather than adverse for the growth and development of cancer cells.
Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery 07/2015; 68(7):491-494.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To determine the use of the mucin proteins MUC5B and MUC5AC as prognosis markers for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) carrying epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations.
Patients who underwent surgical resection at Nagasaki University Hospital and related facilities in Japan between June 1996 and March 2013.
159 Japanese patients (male: n=103; female: n=56) with NSCLC, who underwent surgical resection (EGFR-mutant type: n=78, EGFR wild type: n=81).
Patients whose tumours expressed MUC5B had significantly longer overall survival and relapse-free survival compared to the MUC5B-negative patients with EGFR mutant NSCLC (p=0.0098 and p=0.0187, respectively). In patients with EGFR wild-type NSCLC, there was no association with MUC5B expression. MUC5AC expression was not different between EGFR mutant and wild-type NSCLC.
Present findings indicate that MUC5B, but not MUC5AC, is a novel prognostic biomarker for patients with NSCLC carrying EGFR mutations but not for patients with NSCLC carrying wild-type EGFR.
Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.
BMJ Open 07/2015; 5(7):e008366. DOI:10.1136/bmjopen-2015-008366 · 2.27 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Pulmonary emphysema is a progressive disease with airspace destruction and an effective therapy is needed. Keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) promotes pulmonary epithelial proliferation and has the potential to induce lung regeneration. The aim of this study was to determine the possibility of using KGF gene therapy for treatment of a mouse emphysema model induced by porcine pancreatic elastase (PPE). Eight-week-old BALB/c male mice treated with intra-tracheal PPE administration were transfected with 80 μg of a recombinant human KGF (rhKGF)-expressing FLAG-CMV14 plasmid (pKGF-FLAG gene), or with the pFLAG gene expressing plasmid as a control, into the quadriceps muscle by electroporation. In the lung, the expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) was augmented, and surfactant protein A (SP-A) and KGF receptor (KGFR) were co-expressed in PCNA-positive cells. Moreover, endogenous KGF and KGFR gene expression increased significantly by pKGF-FLAG gene transfection. Arterial blood gas analysis revealed that the PaO2 level was not significantly reduced on day 14 after PPE instillation with pKGF-FLAG gene transfection compared to that of normal mice. These results indicated that KGF gene therapy with electroporation stimulated lung epithelial proliferation and protected depression of pulmonary function in a mouse emphysema model, suggesting a possible method of treating pulmonary emphysema.
Acta histochemica et cytochemica official journal of the Japan Society of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry 06/2015; 48(3):83-94. DOI:10.1267/ahc.15004 · 1.39 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A rare case of an intrahepatic multicystic tumor is described. A 26-year-old man visited our hospital because of abdominal discomfort. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography revealed a 10 × 7 cm multicystic tumor of the bile duct in the right side of the liver. The gross appearance of the tumor resembled an intraductal papillary neoplasm of the bile duct, and right hepatectomy with regional lymphadenectomy was performed. Histologically, these cystic lesions were composed of variably and irregularly dilated duct structures lined by columnar epithelium resembling bile duct lining. There were no atypical cells and no papillary growth of the epithelial cells. Interestingly, the dilated ducts contained inspissated bile, and the inter-cystic parenchyma contained variable but irregularly distributed and hamartomatous hepatic parenchyma with an abnormal lobular pattern. Though it had atypical features of a hamartoma in some aspects (age, smooth muscle), this case could finally be regarded as a variant of multicystic biliary hamartoma.
Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology 05/2015; 8(3). DOI:10.1007/s12328-015-0574-y
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To retrospectively review the clinical, radiological and pathological data in patients who underwent surgical resection for pulmonary pleomorphic carcinoma (PC), and to analyse the prognostic predictors of survival.
The data were retrospectively examined for 33 consecutive patients (28 males and five females) who had undergone surgical resection for pulmonary PC. Cox's proportional-hazards model was used to analyse the prognostic predictors of survival.
The size of the tumours ranged from 1.1 to 12.0 cm (mean 5.4 cm). The majority (26) of the tumours were located at the lung periphery, five tumours had cavitation, two had calcification and 14 had peritumoral ground-glass opacity. Most of the tumours showed heterogeneous enhancement and contained a low-density area (LDA) within the tumour. The 5-year overall survival of surgically resected PC was 36 % (standard error = 0.093). A multivariate analysis revealed the LDA grade [hazard ratio (HR), 2.019], pathological stage (HR, 7.552) and pathological N factor (HR, 0.370) to be significant predictors of a poorer prognosis.
A greater component of LDA within the tumour on contrast-enhanced CT is associated with a poorer prognosis in patients with PC.
• PC has a poorer prognosis than other conventional NSCLC. • The five-year OS of surgically resected PC was 36 %. • A greater component of LDA on contrast-enhanced CT suggests a poorer prognosis.
European Radiology 05/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00330-015-3811-3 · 4.01 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Lung herniation is rare. We describe two cases; one cured by surgery, and the other observed without surgery. A 61-year-old man underwent minimally invasive cardiac surgery for mitral valve plasty. Four weeks postoperatively, chest computed tomography (CT) revealed exacerbating lung herniation and emergency surgery was performed. A 75-year-old man with metastatic tumor underwent partial resection of the left lower lobe through a 10-cm access window. Three months postoperatively, follow-up chest CT revealed prolapse of a small part of the upper lobe at the site of incision. However, he remained asymptomatic and was observed on an outpatient basis.
General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 05/2015; DOI:10.1007/s11748-015-0556-5
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background:
Reactive oxygen species function as key metabolites that can impair biological processes. In lung transplantation, severe oxidative stress is expected when ischemia/reperfusion injury, acute allograft rejection, and various infections occur.
Two clinical cases in which serial measurements of the oxidative stress response (levels of diacron-reactive oxygen metabolites) were taken during hospitalization using a Free Radical Elective Evaluator are reported. In the first case, a 30-year-old man underwent right single lung transplantation for juvenile pulmonary emphysema. Immunosuppression was maintained using tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil, and steroid. The oxidative stress response fluctuated significantly (p<0.01) during the infections caused by bronchial stenosis compared to the stable condition. No acute rejection was seen during hospitalization. In the second case, a 44-year-old woman underwent right single lung transplantation for lymphangioleiomyomatosis. Immunosuppression was maintained by the same regimen as in case 1. The patient's postoperative course was uneventful, and there was no allograft rejection or infection. The oxidative stress response remained at the non-stress level.
The oxidative stress response was measured by the levels of diacron-reactive oxygen metabolites in lung transplantation. High oxidative stress responses were seen during exposure to infections. This might become a non-invasive marker of complications after transplantation.
American Journal of Case Reports 04/2015; 16:255-8. DOI:10.12659/AJCR.893026
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To assess the clinical application and usefulness of the liver hanging maneuver (LHM), proposed by Belghiti, for major hepatectomy, including its (1) historical development, (2) usefulness and application and (3) advantages and disadvantages, by reviewing the English literature published during the period 2001-2014.
In major hepatic transection via the anterior approach, the deep area of transection around the vena cava is critical with regard to bleeding during right hemi-hepatectomy. Belghiti and other investigators identified avascular spaces that are devoid of short hepatic veins at the front of the vena cava and behind the liver. Forceps can be inserted into this space easily and then maneuvered to lift the liver using hanging tape. This procedure, termed LHM significantly reduces intraoperative blood loss and the transection time during right hemi-hepatectomy. LHM has been used in various anatomical hepatectomy procedures worldwide, including laparoscopic hepatectomy. The use of LHM markedly improves the amount of intraoperative blood loss, operative time and postoperative outcome.
We conclude that the application of LHM is an important development in the field of liver surgery, although a further evaluation of its true impact on clinical outcomes is necessary.
Surgery Today 04/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00595-015-1166-7 · 1.53 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The number of patients with cardiovascular comorbidities is increasing due to aged society. We evaluated perioperative management of primary lung cancer patients with cardiovascular comorbidities. Between 2010 and 2013, 458 patients underwent lung cancer surgery at out hospital. 60(13%)patients had cardiovascular comorbidities (excluding hypertension and arrhythmia). Forty three(72%) patients were angina pectoris and myocardial infarction, and 7 (12%)were valve disease. In patients with cardiovascular comorbidities, high age, renal dysfunction, low % diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide and limited lymph node dissection were significantly seen. There was one patient with no symptoms of angina with the calcification of coronary artery detected by chest computed tomography(CT)before surgery. Percutaneous coronary artery intervention followed elective lung surgery was successfully performed. Short-term surgical results of patients with cardiovascular comorbidities were acceptable compared to those without.
Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery 04/2015; 68(4):249-254.