Luigi Sborgia

University of Catania, Catania, Sicily, Italy

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Publications (19)33.54 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE:: To evaluate the efficacy of bipolar diathermy in ensuring closure of leaking sclerotomies after complete 23-gauge transconjunctival sutureless vitrectomy. METHODS:: In this prospective, interventional case series, in 136 eyes of 136 patients with at least one leaking sclerotomy at the end of a complete 23-gauge transconjunctival sutureless vitrectomy, external bipolar wet-field diathermy was applied to leaking sclerotomies, including the conjunctiva and sclera. Intraoperative wound closure, and postoperatively, at 6 hours, 1 day and 3 days, sclerotomies leakage, intraocular pressure, hypotony, and hypotony-related complications were evaluated. RESULTS:: Intraoperative closure was achieved in 231 of 238 leaking sclerotomies (97%) that received diathermy. One of these with postoperative leakage needed suture. Compared with baseline (14.4 ± 2.8 mmHg), mean intraocular pressure was lower at 6 hours (13.2 ± 3.8 mmHg, Tukey-Kramer P < 0.001) and not different at 24 hours or 72 hours. Hypotony (intraocular pressure <5 mmHg) was observed in 6 eyes (4.5%) at 6 hours, in 2 (1.5%) at 24 hours, and in none at 3 days. Logistic regression analysis showed that, 6 hours postoperatively, hypotony was related to younger age (≤50 years) at surgery (P = 0.031). No hypotony-related complications were recorded. CONCLUSION:: Bipolar wet-field diathermy of sutureless sclerotomies is an effective method for ensuring a leaking sclerotomies closure.
    Retina (Philadelphia, Pa.) 11/2012; · 2.93 Impact Factor
  • Retina (Philadelphia, Pa.) 04/2011; 31(5):988-90. · 2.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of low-fluence-rate photodynamic therapy (LFPDT) to treat choroidal neovascularisation (CNV) secondary to pathological myopia (PM). Twenty-five eyes with CNV in PM underwent LFPDT, with a standard dose of verteporfin and timing but adopting fluence and irradiance rates reduced to 25 mJ/cm2 and 300 mW/cm2, respectively. Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was measured and biomicroscopy and fluorescein angiography (FA) were evaluated. Particular attention was paid to choroidal hypoperfusion, and to changes (depigmentation/atrophy) at the RPE level in areas exposed to laser light. After a mean follow-up of 13.4+/-2.46 months (range: 12-21), and 1.37+/-0.66 treatments (range: 1-3), BCVA was stable in 29 (91%) eyes. Two (6%) patients gained more than three lines and one (3%) eye lost more than three lines. Mean greatest linear dimension did not change significantly (p=0.08) at the end of follow-up. RPE depigmentation was present in six eyes (18%) and no patient showed RPE atrophy. LFPDT is effective and safe for CNV secondary to PM treatment, stabilizing visual acuity and lesion size and determining only mild RPE changes. Further controlled studies are needed to demonstrate the long-term efficacy and safety of this treatment option.
    Albrecht von Graæes Archiv für Ophthalmologie 11/2009; 248(4):497-502. · 1.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of phacoemulsification, intraocular lens (IOL) implantation, and a single intravitreal injection of bevacizumab in patients with coexisting visually significant cataract and subfoveal neovascularization due to age-related macular degeneration. Department of Ophthalmology, University of Bari, Bari, Italy. Eyes with predominantly classic subfoveal neovascularization and cataract had phacoemulsification, IOL implantation, and a 1.25 mg intravitreal injection of bevacizumab. One month after combined surgery, corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), anterior chamber reaction, and intraocular pressure were evaluated and central foveal thickness was measured by optical coherence tomography. Twenty eyes of 20 patients were evaluated. One month postoperatively, the mean CDVA improved significantly, from 20/100 (range 20/160 to 20/80) at baseline to 20/63 (range 20/125 to 20/50) (P<.0001). The mean central foveal thickness decreased significantly, from 353.75 microm +/- 12.50 (SD) (range 334 to 375 microm) at baseline to 275.7 +/- 17.3 microm (range 255 to 323 microm) at 1 month (P<.0001). Intraocular pressure did not change significantly, and anterior chamber reaction was absent. No ocular or systemic adverse events were observed. Combined phacoemulsification, IOL implantation, and intravitreal bevacizumab was a safe and efficacious treatment in patients with visually significant cataract and active subfoveal neovascularization.
    Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery 10/2009; 35(9):1518-22. · 2.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of multiple injections of intravitreal bevacizumab for treatment-naïve subfoveal occult choroidal neovascularization (CNV) in age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Twelve eyes of 12 patients (mean age 76 +/- 6 years) with mean best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of 20/100 and occult subfoveal CNV at fluorescein angiography (FA), indocyanine-green (ICG) angiography and optical coherence tomography (OCT), showing intra- or subretinal fluid with or without retinal pigment epithelial detachment (PED), underwent multiple intravitreal injections (mean 2.4 +/- 0.7) of 1.25 mg (0.05 ml) bevacizumab. Visual acuity and OCT findings were assessed at the end of follow-up. After a mean follow-up of 5.7 +/- 2 months, BCVA improved from 20/100 (range 20/50-20/303) to 20/60 (range 20/28-20/200) (p = 0.038). Five eyes (42%) increased BCVA by > or = 3 lines, six eyes (50%) increased BCVA by < 3 lines and one eye (8%) remained stable. Macular thickness decreased from 298 +/- 71 microm to 223 +/- 72 microm (p = 0.017). No ocular or systemic side-effects were observed. Short-term results suggest that multiple intravitreal injections of 1.25 mg bevacizumab are well tolerated and associated with significant improvements in BCVA and decreased retinal thickness by OCT in most patients with treatment-naïve occult CNV. Further evaluation of intravitreal bevacizumab for the treatment of occult CNV is warranted.
    Acta ophthalmologica 10/2008; 87(4):404-7. · 2.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated fundus autofluorescence (FA) patterns and tomographic retinal changes by means of optical coherence tomography (OCT 3) in adult-onset foveomacular vitelliform dystrophy (AOFVD) and their possible correlation with best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA). Eighteen eyes of 15 consecutive patients (mean age: 73.73 +/- 9.5 years) presented to our observation with a diagnosis of AOFVD underwent BCVA measurement, evaluation of FA distribution by means of a confocal laser scanning ophthalmoscope and OCT 3 tomography. The mean BCVA was 20/40 (range: 20/20-20/100). The FA pattern was patchy in 9 eyes (50%), ring-like in 5 (27.7%), focal in 3 (16.6%) and linear in 1 (5.5%). No correlation between FA patterns and BCVA was found. OCT 3 showed accumulation of highly reflective material between the neurosensory retina and retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) in 12 eyes (66.6%) with an evident overlying photoreceptor layer (PRL). In 5 eyes the highly reflective material was built up between the neurosensory retina and RPE without evidence of PRL (27.7%). Only in 1 eye was the subretinal accumulation site not well defined (5.5%). The mean thickness of the deposit was 135.52 +/- 47.53 microm, while the residual neurosensory retina thickness was 103.94 +/- 24.21 microm. The relationship between BCVA and the thickness of the neurosensory retina over the lesion was not significant (p = 0.016, r = 0.33), while the correlation between BCVA and the material deposit thickness (p = 0.017, r = 0.12) was significant. In AOFVD, FA presented different patterns, while OCT usually shows a well-defined material accumulation with a generally reduced neurosensory thickness between PRL and RPE. FA imaging and OCT are useful and safe for the diagnosis and follow-up of AOFVD.
    Ophthalmologica 06/2008; 222(4):240-4. · 1.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: State Gentamicin antibiotic prophylaxis is contraindicated in 25 gauge Transconjunctival Sutureless Vitrectomy. A 75-year-old diabetic woman was affected by glaucoma and mild diabetic retinopathy in both eyes, and epiretinal membrane in the left eye. A 25-gauge Transconjunctival Sutureless Vitrectomy (TSV) was performed with self-sealing transconjunctival scletomies of the left eye. Post-operation antibiotic prophylaxis was obtained by subconconjunctival injection of Gentamicin sulfate (0.4 mg/ml) adjacent to scletomies. A month after the operation visual acuity had not recovered. Fluorescein angiography detected occlusion of perifoveal capillaries. Antibiotics, in particular gentamicin, have the potential to cause significant ocular toxicity when they gain access to the inside of the eye, through thinned sclera or sutureless sclerotomies of TSV.
    International Ophthalmology 11/2007; 28(5):383-5.
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    ABSTRACT: In ocular ischemic syndrome, the ischemic condition is due to markedly reduced blood flow and increased vascular resistance of retrobulbar circulation, as in the central retina and posterior ciliary arteries. Chronic hypoxia affects even the iris and ciliary body. The hypoperfusion of the ciliary body leads to a relative hypotony, presumably related to decreased aqueous humor production. Histopathologic study has demonstrated ciliary body atrophy on an ischemic basis. The authors used ultrasound biomicroscopy to demonstrate in vivo the hypotrophic condition of the ciliary body in ocular ischemic syndrome.
    Ophthalmic Surgery Lasers and Imaging 01/2007; 38(6):505-7. · 1.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aggressive posterior retinopathy of prematurity (APROP) may suddenly develop into tractional retinal detachment (TRD), often resulting in poor vision if untreated. The aim of the current study is to examine the anatomic results and complications of lens-sparing vitrectomy (LSV) for stage 3 APROP, before TRD appearance. A retrospective, noncomparative, consecutive case series of 13 eyes of 9 patients (mean gestational age 24.1+/-0.9 weeks [range: 23-25 weeks], mean birthweight of 725.8+/-107.9 grams [range: 598-897 grams]) with stage 3 APROP was carried out. The eyes did not respond to at least one session of retinal laser photocoagulation, showing signs of disease progression. All eyes underwent 20-gauge LSV before retinal detachment appearance. All eyes underwent 20-gauge three-port LSV and intraoperative additional laser photocoagulation. At the end of the surgery, five eyes were tamponaded with air; in eight eyes, a balanced salt solution was left in the vitreous cavity. After 13.5+/-5.3 months of follow-up (range: 4-22), the retina was completely attached in all eyes, without any signs of progression. The authors did not observe any intraoperative or postoperative complications. Surgical approach to stage 3 APROP refractory to laser photocoagulation could be effective and safe in order to avoid the progression of the disease.
    European journal of ophthalmology 01/2007; 17(5):785-9. · 0.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Endothelial dysfunction of the optic microcirculation is considered to be the main pathogenetic mechanism in nonarteritic ischemic optic neuropathy. The aim of the present work was to assess whether a clinical improvement is correlated with a reduction in the endothelial activation markers by means of LDL apheresis (LDLA). Three weekly sessions of LDLA were administered in 23 patients affected by nonarteritic ischemic optic neuropathy. Statistically significant reductions were achieved in all parameters: total cholesterol (44.6%), LDL cholesterol (54.6%), fibrinogen (60.9%), von Willebrand factor (38.6%), sE-Selectin (22.6%), sICAM-1 (14%) and sVCAM-1 (15.5%), each of which was correlated with an improvement in the mean deviation of the visual field, although statistical significance for the single parameters was not reached. However, analysis of variance between the mean deviation improvement and the set of parameters taken together yielded highly significant results (p < 0.0001). LDLA was effective in reducing the values of all evaluated endothelial activation markers, and this trend was correlated with an improvement in the visual field.
    Blood Purification 01/2006; 24(4):405-12. · 2.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the efficacy of radial optic neurotomy, internal limiting membrane peeling, and intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide for central retinal vein occlusion. Eight consecutive eyes with central retinal vein occlusion with a duration of less than 6 months, cystoid macular edema, and best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of less than 20/200 were enrolled. BCVA, intraocular pressure, fluorescein angiography, and optical coherence tomography were evaluated. After 4.75 +/- 0.7 months, BCVA significantly improved, intraocular pressure was well controlled, and fluorescein angiography showed perfused state and reduction of the number of retinal hemorrhages in all eyes. Optical coherence tomography revealed significant reduction of macular thickness. Bleeding in the neurotomy site occurred in 3 cases. Radial optic neurotomy, internal limiting membrane peeling, and intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide may be useful in the management of central retinal vein occlusion with macular edema.
    Ophthalmic Surgery Lasers and Imaging 01/2005; 36(5):422-5. · 1.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate results of photodynamic therapy (PDT) with verteporfin for subfoveal neovascular age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) with retinal angiomatous proliferation (RAP) and pigment epithelial detachment (PED). Interventional case series. Thirteen eyes (11 stage 2 and 2 stage 3 RAP) underwent PDT. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), fluorescein and indocyanine-green angiography were performed to evaluate the outcome. After 13.5 +/- 2.5 months and 1.7 +/- 0.4 treatments, mean BCVA decreased from 20/73 to 20/174 (P = .04). Occlusion of RAP and flattening of PED was observed in three eyes, and persistence of PED in six. Two eyes deteriorated to disciform lesions, one developed hemorrhagic PED, and one evolved toward stage 3 RAP. Three eyes, with PED exceeding 50% of the entire lesion, developed retinal pigment epithelium tear. PDT might prove effective for neovascular ARMD with RAP and small PED, whereas it might cause acute retinal pigment epithelium tear for RAP with PED exceeding 50% of the lesion.
    American Journal of Ophthalmology 01/2005; 138(6):1077-9. · 3.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Neovascular age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) with retinal angiomatous proliferation (RAP) has a poor natural history and the efficacy of any treatment has not yet been established. The authors describe a combined surgical treatment. A 76-year-old woman presented with a best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of 20/600 in the right eye and macula with stage 3 RAP as identified by fluorescein angiography (FA), indocyanine green angiography (ICGA), and optical coherence tomography (OCT). After a standard three-port pars plana core vitrectomy (PPV), endodiathermy of the arteriolar and venous feeder vessels of each lesion was performed, intraretinal RAP feeder vessels were cut with manual vertical intraocular scissors, and 0.1 mL of triamcinolone acetonide (TAAC) was injected intravitreally. At 1 and 4 weeks and at the sixth month, the patient underwent a complete eye examination, FA, ICGA, and OCT to assess outcomes and complications. Six months later, BCVA was stable at 20/300, intraocular pressure was 15 mmHg, anterior segment and vitreous cavity were clear without evidence of TAAC granules, and retina was attached. FA and ICGA showed a complete occlusion of the RAP and absence of leakage or ischemia and OCT demonstrated decreased macular thickness with resolution of both intraretinal edema and pigment epithelium detachment, and the restoration of the normal macular profile. At the end of follow-up, the authors did not observe any ocular or systemic complication. Surgical approach to RAP stage 3 with intravitreal injection of 4 mg of TAAC was safe and anatomically effective.
    European journal of ophthalmology 01/2005; 15(4):513-6. · 0.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate safety and efficacy of intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide (TAAC) injections in the treatment of refractory pseudophakic cystoid macular edema (CME). Seven eyes of six patients (age range: 50-74) with pseudophakic CME resistant to standard treatment received intravitreal injections of 4 mg of TAAC with all vehicle. Mean preinjection duration of CME was 18.3 months. A mean of 2.1+/-1.2 (range 1 to 4) treatments were performed in four eyes (57.1 %) when visual acuity deteriorated towards baseline levels. Visual acuity assessment, optical coherence tomography (OCT), and fluorescein angiography (FFA) were performed pre- and postoperatively to evaluate results of TAAC injections. Intraocular pressure (IOP) and complications related to treatment were assessed. After 11.1+/-3.9 months, mean best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) increased (p =0.019) from 20/132 to a best value of 20/38. Mean macular thickness decreased from 517.29+/-146.98 mm to a best value of 263.71+/-83.13 mm (p=0.0018). Area of fluorescein leakage decreased (p<0.0001) from 11.84+/-0.93 mm2 at baseline to a minimal value of 3.86+/-0.98 mm2. The anatomic and functional improvement appeared after 1 month from the intravitreal injection and persisted through at least 3 months of follow-up. At the end of follow-up BCVA, macular thickness, and area of fluorescein leakage did not differ from baseline. Four eyes (57.1 %) developed IOP values higher than 21 mmHg, controlled by topical treatment. Two patients developed an endophthalmitis-like reaction. Intravitreal TAAC was relatively safe and effective in resistant cases of pseudophakic CME with a temporary beneficial effect on visual acuity and macular edema.
    European journal of ophthalmology 01/2005; 15(1):89-95. · 0.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sequential drainage of subretinal fluid (D), injection of air (A), cryotherapy (C), and application of local explants (E) (D-ACE) sequence was introduced in order to overcome the problems encountered in managing superior bullous detachments from multiple large equatorial breaks. The authors recently observed the occurrence of a full-thickness macular hole in one patient developing the day after he underwent a D-ACE procedure. A 61-year-old man presented a bullous retinal detachment in the right eye extending from the 9:30 to the 2 o'clock position, and posteriorly to the vascular arcades two retinal tears were noted, at the equator at 11 o'clock, and anterior to the equator at 12 o'clock. The patient underwent a D-ACE procedure. Subretinal fluid was drained above the lateral rectus muscle at the equator. One and a half milliliters of air were injected 3.5 mm from the limbus midway between the superior and the medial rectus insertions. Cryotherapy was applied to the retinal breaks. A 240 encircling band was used in conjunction with a 276 tyre segment at the level of the tears. One day after surgery, the retina was flat, but a full-thickness macular hole could be seen with a surrounding cuff of subretinal fluid. The mechanisms proposed to explain the occurrence of full-thickness macular holes after D-ACE may involve the concurrence of scleral elongation and vitreofoveal traction by means of previous partial posterior vitreous detachment with persistent posterior attachments at the fovea.
    European journal of ophthalmology 01/2004; 14(6):572-4. · 0.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The authors studied the efficacy of intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide in a case series of patients with diffuse diabetic macular edema without evidence of vitreous-macular traction refractory to laser photocoagulation. Six eyes with clinically diffuse diabetic macular edema that failed to respond to at least two previous sessions of laser photocoagulation were included. The mean age of selected patients was 72.5+/-13.8 years, with a preoperative best-corrected visual acuity reduced to 1.48+/-0.18 logMar and a mean baseline intraocular pressure (IOP) of 15.17+/-2.64 mmHg. The authors also studied macular thickness measured by optical coherence tomography (OCT 2000 scanner, Humphrey Instruments, San Leandro, CA) - in the preoperative period it was 640.8+/-171.1 microm - and the fluorangiographic (Heidelberg Retina Angiograph, Heidelberg Engineering GmbH, Heidelberg, Germany) patterns, which showed pooling in tardy phases and leakage. Mean follow-up was 4 months. In each patient the authors observed a significant improvement, both functionally and anatomically. Mean best-corrected visual acuity increased in the postoperative period to 0.94+/-0.53 logMar. No patient showed decline of visual acuity at the end of follow-up. Base line macular thickness was reduced in the postoperative period to 312.2+/-157.65 microm measured by OCT and fluorangiographic patterns showed a reduction of pooling and of leakage. The most common complications described in the literature were not observed and the increase of mean IOP in the postoperative period to 18.76+/-5.72 mmHg was not significant. Intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide may decrease macular edema and improve visual acuity in eyes with diffuse diabetic macular edema.
    European journal of ophthalmology 01/2004; 14(4):321-4. · 0.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To describe a technique for suturing a luxated intraocular lens (IOL) in the vitreous cavity directly to the ciliary sulcus using intraocular slipknot without IOL extraction. Noncomparative interventional case series. A three-port vitrectomy was performed in all cases. According to the Lewis procedure, two scleral flaps and relative sclerectomies were performed at 3 and 9 o'clock position. IOL was rescued from vitreous cavity by means of perfluorocarbon and stabilized in anterior chamber by intravitreal forceps. Corneal endothelium was preserved by a dispersive ophthalmic viscosurgical device coating. Double armed 10-0 polypropylene was introduced into the vitreous cavity through the 9 o'clock sclerotomy incision and both the needles were passed out of the eye by the 3-o'clock position sclerotomy, guided by a bent 27-gauge needle 1.5 mm from the limbus. Hooking the slipknot around the haptics of the IOL in the anterior chamber by means of vitreous forceps, the 10-0 polypropylene was pulled so that the IOL haptic was fixated onto the sulcus. The same procedure was used to fixate the opposite haptic to the ciliary sulcus at the opposite position. In all four cases, the IOL fixated stably and remained well positioned. No significant intraoperative or postoperative complications occurred. This technique enables secure fixation of the luxated IOL in the vitreous without extracting it.
    European journal of ophthalmology 08/2003; 13(6):532-5. · 0.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate phacoemulsification combined with transpupillary silicone oil removal and foldable intraocular lens (IOL) implantation through a single corneal incision and planned posterior capsulorhexis after pars plana vitrectomy using topical anesthesia. Department of Ophthalmology, University of Bari, Bari, Italy. This noncomparative nonrandomized noncontrolled interventional case series comprised 34 consecutive patients (34 eyes). The mean age of the 25 men and 9 women was 54.4 years +/- 13.3 (SD). A mean of 8.2 +/- 9.4 months after silicone oil injection, patients had phacoemulsification with transpupillary silicone oil removal and foldable acrylic IOL implantation through a single corneal incision and a planned posterior capsulorhexis under topical anesthesia. Patients were operated on by the same surgeon. Visual acuity, the frequency of retinal redetachment, secondary cataract and vitreous hemorrhage formation, subjective pain and discomfort, the duration of surgery, and intraocular pressure (IOP) were noted. The mean follow-up was 9.4 +/- 5.1 months (range 4 to 21 months). Vision improved or stabilized in 88.2% of eyes. Retinal redetachment occurred in 4 eyes (11.8%) and transient vitreous hemorrhage in 1 (2.9%). All patients reported minimal discomfort during the procedure. The mean duration of surgery was 17 +/- 4 minutes. There was no significant intraoperative or postoperative IOP variation. Combined phacoemulsification, transpupillary silicone oil removal, and IOL implantation through a single corneal incision under topical anesthesia was safe and effective. In general, the visual outcomes were good with improvement in visual acuity.
    Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery 07/2003; 29(6):1113-9. · 2.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the effect on the corneal endothelium of phacoemulsification combined with passive silicone oil removal and intraocular lens (IOL) implantation under topical anesthesia after pars plana vitrectomy. Department of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology, University of Bari, Bari, Italy. This retrospective study evaluated the corneal endothelium in 17 consecutive patients (17 eyes) who had phacoemulsification with transpupillary passive silicone oil washout (1300 centistokes) through a posterior capsulorhexis and single clear corneal incision and foldable acrylic IOL implantation. The findings were compared with those in a control group of 17 patients (17 eyes) who had phacoemulsification with acrylic IOL implantation through a single clear corneal incision. All procedures were performed by the same surgeon using topical anesthesia. The preoperative and postoperative endothelial cell densities, coefficient of variation (CV), and percentage of hexagonal cells at the corneal center and peripheral temporal position, evaluated by noncontact specular microscopy, were compared between the 2 groups. The central corneal thickness and occurrence of keratopathy were also noted. The mean phacoemulsification and total ultrasound times did not differ significantly between the 2 groups. At 6 months, the mean endothelial cell loss was 284.50 cell/mm(2) +/- 462.3 (SD) (11.2%) in the study group and 200.15 +/- 117.9 cell/mm(2) (8.3%) in the control group (P=.87, unpaired t test). There were no significant between-group differences in the increase in the mean CV and the percentage of hexagonal cells. The mean pachymetry remained at preoperative values, with no difference between groups. Keratopathy was not observed in any patient. Passive silicone oil efflux caused significant endothelial cell loss and changes in endothelial morphology. Nevertheless, these modifications were well tolerated and minimally different from the results of trauma caused by standard phacoemulsification with posterior chamber IOL implantation.
    Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery 07/2003; 29(6):1120-6. · 2.53 Impact Factor