H Asou

Hiroshima University, Hirosima, Hiroshima, Japan

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Publications (52)307.31 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Monosomy 7 and interstitial deletion of 7q (-7/7q-) are well-recognized nonrandom chromosomal abnormalities frequently found among patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDSs) and myeloid leukemias. We previously identified candidate myeloid tumor suppressor genes (SAMD9, SAMD9-like = SAMD9L, and Miki) in the 7q21.3 subband. We established SAMD9L-deficient mice and found that SAMD9L(+/-) mice as well as SAMD9L(-/-) mice develop myeloid diseases resembling human diseases associated with -7/7q-. SAMD9L-deficient hematopoietic stem cells showed enhanced colony formation potential and in vivo reconstitution ability. SAMD9L localizes in early endosomes. SAMD9L-deficient cells showed delays in homotypic endosome fusion, resulting in persistence of ligand-bound cytokine receptors. These findings suggest that haploinsufficiency of SAMD9L and/or SAMD9 gene(s) contributes to myeloid transformation.
    Cancer cell 09/2013; 24(3):305-17. · 25.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: During prometaphase, dense microtubule nucleation sites at centrosomes form robust spindles that align chromosomes promptly. Failure of centrosome maturation leaves chromosomes scattered, as seen routinely in cancer cells, including myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). We previously reported that the Miki (LOC253012) gene is frequently deleted in MDS patients, and that low levels of Miki are associated with abnormal mitosis. Here we demonstrate that Miki localizes to the Golgi apparatus and is poly(ADP-ribosyl)ated by tankyrase-1 during late G2 and prophase. PARsylated Miki then translocates to mitotic centrosomes and anchors CG-NAP, a large scaffold protein of the γ-tubulin ring complex. Due to impairment of microtubule aster formation, cells in which tankyrase-1, Miki, or CG-NAP expression is downregulated all show prometaphase disturbances, including scattered and lagging chromosomes. Our data suggest that PARsylation of Miki by tankyrase-1 is a key initial event promoting prometaphase.
    Molecular cell 08/2012; 47(5):694-706. · 14.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The dynactin complex is required for activation of the dynein motor complex, which plays a critical role in various cell functions including mitosis. During metaphase, the dynein-dynactin complex removes spindle checkpoint proteins from kinetochores to facilitate the transition to anaphase. Three components (p150(Glued), dynamitin, and p24) compose a key portion of the dynactin complex, termed the projecting arm. To investigate the roles of the dynactin complex in mitosis, we used RNA interference to down-regulate p24 and p150(Glued) in human cells. In response to p24 down-regulation, we observed cells with delayed metaphase in which chromosomes frequently align abnormally to resemble a "figure eight," resulting in cell death. We attribute the figure eight chromosome alignment to impaired metaphasic centrosomes that lack spindle tension. Like p24, RNA interference of p150(Glued) also induces prometaphase and metaphase delays; however, most of these cells eventually enter anaphase and complete mitosis. Our findings suggest that although both p24 and p150(Glued) components of the dynactin complex contribute to mitotic progression, p24 also appears to play a role in metaphase centrosome integrity, helping to ensure the transition to anaphase.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 02/2011; 286(7):5589-98. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 28-year-old man with marked eosinophilia is described. FIP1L1/PDGFRA mRNA showed multiple alternatively-spliced fusion transcripts. Sequencing analysis showed that the deduced DNA breakpoints were intron 10 in the FIP1L1 gene and exon 12 in the PDGFRA gene. Then, a diagnosis of chronic eosinophilic leukemia (CEL) was made. Whereas the response to the treatments with prednisolone and hydroxyurea were unsatisfactory, treatment with imatinib showed a rapid decrease of eosinophils. The hemoglobin level also dropped and bone marrow examination showed pure red cell aplasia. Continued administration of very low dose imatinib (100 mg every 5 days) led to and maintained complete molecular remission, with good tolerability.
    Internal Medicine 01/2010; 49(12):1195-200. · 0.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Monosomy 7 and interstitial deletions in the long arm of chromosome 7 (-7/7q-) is a common nonrandom chromosomal abnormality found frequently in myeloid disorders including acute myeloid leukemia (AML), myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), and juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML). Using a short probe-based microarray comparative genomic hybridization (mCGH) technology, we identified a common microdeletion cluster in 7q21.3 subband, which is adjacent to 'hot deletion region' thus far identified by conventional methods. This common microdeletion cluster contains three poorly characterized genes; Samd9, Samd9L, and a putative gene LOC253012, which we named Miki. Gene copy number assessment of three genes by real-time PCR revealed heterozygous deletion of these three genes in adult patients with AML and MDS at high frequency, in addition to JMML patients. Miki locates to mitotic spindles and centrosomes and downregulation of Miki by RNA interference induced abnormalities in mitosis and nuclear morphology, similar to myelodysplasia. In addition, a recent report indicated Samd9 as a tumor suppressor. These findings indicate the usefulness of the short probe-based CGH to detect microdeletions. The three genes located to 7q21.3 would be candidates for myeloid tumor-suppressor genes on 7q.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 05/2009; 383(2):245-51. · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Clinical, cytogenetic, and molecular genetic studies were performed to clarify the pathophysiology of Japanese B cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (B-CLL), since the incidence of B-CLL in Japan is significantly lower than in western countries. The clinical and laboratory features of 55 Japanese patients with B-CLL in this study did not differ from those of Americans or Europeans with B-CLL. In the chromosome analyses, suitable metaphases with good band quality were obtained from 48 patients (87.2%), of whom 22 patients (45.8%) showed clonal chromosome aberrations and 14 (29.2%) had non-clonal aberrations. Trisomy 12 and abnormalities of 14q and 13q were found in four (18.2%), two (9.1%) and six patients (27.2%). respectively. There were no particular chromosome abnormalities or specific breakpoints in Japanese B-CLL. However, complex karyotype was found in higher incidence than in western countries. In the Southern blot analyses, rearranged band patterns were observed in the major breakpoint region (mbr) of the bcl-2 gene in one case, in the 5′-breakpoint region (5′-bcl-2) in two, and bcl-3 in one. Of the two patients with 5′-bcl-2 rearrangements, one had a normal karyotype and the other had t(2:18)(p12:q21). The incidence of rearrangements of the bcl-1, bcl-2 and bcl-3 genes in Japanese B-CLL was similar to that in western countries. These findings suggest that the biological characteristics of B-CLL in Japan are almost the same as those in western countries, although the incidence of B-CLL in Japan is quite different: this may be related to racial differences, which seem to be an important factor in the development of B-CLL.
    British Journal of Haematology 03/2008; 85(3):492 - 497. · 4.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Three cases of acute leukaemia with t(4;12) (qll-12;pl3) karyotypic abnormalities were analysed. They had the following common clinical and biological characteristics: (1) dysplasia of three haemopoietic lineages; (2) absent or low myeloperoxidase activity; and (3) retention of platelets in the peripheral blood and megakaryocytes in the bone marrow. There were increased numbers of basophils in the bone marrow and peripheral blood in two of the cases. In all, the blast cells displayed the unique immunophenotype CD7+CD13+CD34+HLA-DR+. The blasts analysed in one case expressed c-kit on the membrane surface. These findings suggest that the t(4:12) (qll-12:pl3) abnormality is associated with a particular type of acute leukaemia, one in which the morphology and immunophenotype suggest that the translocation may have occurred at an early stage of haemopoiesis.
    British Journal of Haematology 03/2008; 90(4):850 - 854. · 4.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Previous gene-targeting studies indicated that Bim, a BH3-only death activator, regulates total blood cell number. Cytokines contribute to this process by negatively regulating steady-state levels of Bim mRNA. Here we present a molecular mechanism for cytokine-mediated posttranscriptional regulation of Bim mRNA by heat-shock cognate protein 70 (Hsc70), which binds to AU-rich elements (AREs) in the 3'-untranslated region of specific mRNAs and enhances their stability. The RNA binding potential of Hsc70 is regulated by cochaperones including Bag-4 (also SODD), CHIP, Hip, and Hsp40. Cytokines regulate the expression or function of these cochaperones by activating Ras pathways. Thus, exposure of cells to cytokines ultimately leads to destabilization of Bim mRNA and promotion of cell survival. This unanticipated role of a chaperone/cochaperone complex in mRNA stability appears to be critical for hematopoiesis and leukemogenesis.
    Molecular Cell 02/2007; 25(1):99-112. · 15.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PC-SPES is an eight herbal mixture which has been shown to be active against prostate cancer cells in vitro as well as in patients. In this study, we discovered that it has anti-leukemia activity. HL-60, NB4, U937 and THP-1 human acute myeloid leukemia cells were cultured in the presence of various concentrations of PC-SPES (0.06-0.5 micro l/ml) for 4 days, and cell numbers were counted by Trypan blue exclusion. PC-SPES inhibited proliferation of these cells with an ED50 of 0.17, 0.09, 0.18, 0.32 micro l/ml, respectively. In clonogenic assay, PC-SPES inhibited growth of HL-60 cells (ED50, 0.043 micro l/ml). On the other hand, PC-SPES (0.1 micro l/ml) stimulated growth of normal myeloid committed stem cells (CFU-GM) by 1.4-fold of control (p=0.03). Anti-leukemia effects also occurred against freshly isolated leukemia cells from acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients. Interestingly, when PC-SPES was combined with ATRA, the antiproliferative effect was markedly enhanced. For example, PC-SPES (0.125 micro l/ml) or ATRA (10(-8) mol/l) inhibited growth of HL-60 cells after 4 days of culture, by approximately 40 and 30%, respectively; simultaneous treatment with both, suppressed growth by 80%. In addition, PC-SPES induced differentiation of HL-60 and NB4 cells, as measured by expression of CD11b and reduction of NBT. ATRA synergistically enhanced this activity. For example, either PC-SPES (0.5 micro l/ml) or ATRA (10(-8) mol/l) induced 23 and 18% of HL-60 cells, respectively to express CD11b on day 2 of culture; and when both were combined, 60% of HL-60 cells were stimulated to express CD11b antigen. Furthermore, PC-SPES (0.5 micro l/ml) produced apoptosis of HL-60 and NB4 cells, as measured by TUNEL assay, with 17% of HL-60 cells and 52% of NB4 cells becoming apoptotic on their third day of culture. Importantly, PC-SPES stimulated expression of the novel myeloid specific transcription factor C/EBPepsilon in HL-60 and NB4 cells. Taken together, PC-SPES inhibits growth and induces differentiation and apoptosis of myeloid leukemia cells, and enhances the antiproliferative and prodifferentiative effects of ATRA on these cells. PC-SPES might be useful with ATRA for treatment of patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL), and it could have a role in other types of cancers including MDS.
    International Journal of Oncology 11/2003; 23(4):1203-11. · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A myeloid leukemia cell line designated Kasumi-6 was established from the bone marrow cells of an individual with acute myeloid leukemia, subtype M2. Both the original leukemic cells and the Kasumi-6 cell line harbor a hemizygous point mutation in the gene encoding the CCAAT/enhancer binding protein alpha (C/EBPalpha), a critical myeloid transcriptional factor. The C to G transition at nucleotide 1063 of the C/EBPalpha gene results in amino acid transition R305P in the fork or hinge region between the DNA-binding basic region and the leucine zipper dimerization domain of the C/EBPalpha protein. The Kasumi-6 cells expressed both the p42 and p30 isoforms of the C/EBPalpha protein endogenously, but electrophoretic mobility shift assays demonstrated an absence of C/EBPalpha binding to its respective site. Exogenous expression of the mutant form of C/EBPalpha demonstrated that it was unable to bind DNA and activate transcription from a G-CSF receptor-luciferase reporter construct. Furthermore, coexpression of the wild-type and mutant forms revealed that the mutant form repressed reporter gene activation by the wild type in a dose-responsive manner. This was concomitant with a dose-responsive decrease in wild-type protein binding to the G-CSF receptor C/EBP site. The data suggest that the R305P alteration confers a dominant-negative property on the mutant C/EBPalpha protein whereby the mutant polypeptide heterodimerizes with the wild-type polypeptide and prevents it from binding to DNA, thus blocking transcriptional activation. The Kasumi-6 cell line can serve as a model to study the cellular and molecular biology of the non-t(8;21) M2 type of myeloid leukemia and can elucidate the role of mutated C/EBPalpha in leukemogenesis.
    Genes Chromosomes and Cancer 03/2003; 36(2):167-74. · 3.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A natural product, resveratrol (3,4,40-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene), a phytoalexin found in grapes and other food products, is known as a cancer chemopreventive agent. We studied the in vitro biological activity of this compound by examining its effect on proliferation and differentiation in myeloid leukemia cell lines (HL-60, NB4, U937,THP-1, ML-1, Kasumi-1) and fresh samples from 17 patients with acute myeloid leukemia. Resveratrol (20 microM, 4 days) alone inhibited the growth in liquid culture of each of the 6 cell lines. Resveratrol (10 microM) enhanced the expression of adhesion molecules (CD11a, CD11b, CD18, CD54) in each of the cell lines except for Kasumi-1. Moreover, resveratrol (25 microM, 4 days) induced 37% of U937 cells to produce superoxide as measured by the ability to reduce nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT). The combination of resveratrol (10 microM) and all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) (50 nM, 4 days) induced 95% of the NB4 cells to become NBT-positive, whereas <1% and 12% of the cells became positive for NBT after a similar exposure to either resveratrol or ATRA alone, respectively. In U937 cells exposed to resveratrol (25 microM, 3 days), the binding activity of nuclear factor-kappaB (NFkappaB) protein was suppressed. Eight of 19 samples of fresh acute leukemia cells reduced NBT after exposure to resveratrol (20 microM, 4 days). Taken together, these findings show that resveratrol inhibits proliferation and induces differentiation of myeloid leukemia cells.
    International Journal of Hematology 06/2002; 75(5):528-33. · 1.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The CCAAT/enhancer binding protein alpha (C/EBPalpha) protein is essential for proper lung and liver function and granulocytic and adipose tissue differentation. It was hypothesized that abnormalties in C/EBPalpha function contribute to the development of malignancies in a variety of tissues. To test this, genomic DNA from 408 patient samples and 5 cell lines representing 11 different cancers was screened for mutations in the C/EBPalpha gene. Two silent polymorphisms termed P1 and P2 were present at frequencies of 13.5% and 2.2%, respectively. Of the 12 mutations detected in 10 patients, silent changes were identified in one nonsmall cell lung cancer, one prostate cancer, and one acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) subtype M4. The 9 remaining mutations were detected in 1 of 92 (1.1%) myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) samples and 6 of 78 (7.7%) AML (AML-M2 and AML-M4) samples. Some mutations truncated the predicted protein with loss of the DNA-binding (basic region) and dimerization (leucine zipper [ZIP]) domains by either deletions or nonsense codons. Also, inframe deletions or insertions in the fork region located between the leucine zipper and basic region, or within the leucine zipper, disrupted the alpha-helical phase of the bZIP domain. The inframe deletion and insertion mutations abrogated the transcriptional activation function of C/EBPalpha on the granulocyte colony-stimulating factor receptor promoter. These mutants localized properly to the nucleus, but were unable to bind to the C/EBP site in the promoter and did not possess dominant-negative activity. The mutations in the MDS patient and one AML-M2 patient were biallelic, indicating a loss of C/EBPalpha function. These results suggest that mutation of C/EBPalpha is involved in specific subtypes of AML and in MDS, but may occur rarely in other types of leukemias or nonhematologic malignancies.
    Blood 03/2002; 99(4):1332-40. · 9.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The presence and distribution of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), as well as human herpesvirus-6 and-8 (HHV-6 and HHV-8) was investigated by polymerase chain reaction in 191 samples from a variety of lymphoproliferative disorders. HHV-6 DNA was detected in 18% (30 of 169) of non-HHV-8 related lymphoproliferative disorders, with the highest frequency in AIDS-related lymphomas (8 of 25, 32%). In contrast, HHV-6 DNA was present in less than 5% (1 of 22) of HHV-8 related lymphoproliferative disorders [21 primary effusion lymphomas (PEL), and 1 cases of Castleman disease]. As compared to HHV-6, EBV DNA was frequently detected in PEL (11 of 19 samples, 58%). This study suggests that transformation to PEL is not enhanced by HHV-6, furthermore HHV-6 and -8 may interfere with each other.
    Leukemia Research 02/2000; 24(1):59-61. · 2.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) plays a central role in the process of adipocyte differentiation. This receptor and its heterodimeric partner, retinoid X receptor alpha (RXRalpha), form a DNA-binding complex that regulates transcription of adipocyte-specific genes. Troglitazone, an antidiabetic drug, has recently been identified as a synthetic ligand for PPARgamma. We studied the effects of troglitazone on proliferation and differentiation of normal and malignant hematopoietic cells. Expression of PPARgamma was easily detectable by Western blot analyses in all five myeloid leukemia cell lines. Troglitazone alone (10-5 M) did not induce differentiation in any of the cell lines; however, this compound suppressed the clonal growth (10-75% of inhibition) of all five myeloid leukemia cell lines. Myelomonocytic U937 cells, which were the most responsive to the growth suppressing effects of troglitazone, were arrested in the G1 phase of the cell cycle when cultured with this compound. Simultaneous treatment of myeloid leukemia cell lines with both troglitazone and a ligand that specifically binds either RXR (LG100268), or retinoic acid receptors (RAR, ATRA, ALART1550), or both (9-cis RA) resulted in additive suppression of clonal growth. In summary, our studies showed that troglitazone when combined with a retinoid was a moderately potent inhibitor of clonogenic growth of acute myeloid leukemia cells.
    International Journal of Oncology 12/1999; 15(5):1027-31. · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A cell line (Kasumi-3) established from acute myeloid leukemia (AML-M0) had unique phenotypes of undifferentiated leukemia cells with expression of both T cell and myeloid antigens. Kasumi-3 cells with t(3;7)(q26;q22) highly expressed a 6 kb transcript of EVI1, which is located on chromosome 3q26. Therefore, we further characterized the chromosomal breakpoint by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis near EVI1. We identified and isolated the chromosomal breakpoint at approximately 80 kb upstream from the 5' end of EVI1. Sequence analysis of the breakpoint revealed that the whole Vbeta region from T cell receptor beta (TCRbeta) at 7q35 was translocated to the upstream of EVI1. A 1.0 kb TCRbeta transcript was expressed in the Kasumi-3 cells, suggesting that TCRbeta rearrangement occurred as Dbeta-Jbeta joining events. Fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis revealed that the inverted chromosome 7q22-q35 segment between TCRbeta and the region proximal to the erythropoietin gene at 7q22 was translocated to the region distal to EVI1 in der(3). Since the telomeric region of chromosome 8 q was also translocated to the inverted chromosome 7q22-q35 segment in der(3), the chromosomal abnormalities of der(3) were defined as being der(3)t(3;7;8)(3pter-3q26::7q35-7q22::8q22 -8qter). It is suggested that a translocated enhancer element in the TCRbeta locus and/or loss of a negative regulatory element near EVI1 might function to enhance the EVI1 expression. Therefore, the enhanced EVI1 expression may contribute to the development of a subset of undifferentiated leukemia.
    Leukemia 10/1999; 13(9):1359-66. · 10.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To detect a translocation (8;21)(q22;q22) in interphase cells by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), we investigated three probe combinations: single-color hybridization with two cosmid probes (cY8 and cY3), single-color hybridization with four cosmid probes (cY8, cY3, cY107, and cYR4), and dual-color hybridization with two cosmid probes (cY107 and cYR4) from the AML1 gene flanking or overlapping the breakpoint region. Over 95% of nuclei gave sufficient signals in all three probe combinations, and the detection rates were not statistically different among them. Among 18 patients examined at diagnosis, 12 with t(8;21) were also monitored for the number of residual leukemic cells after chemotherapy or bone marrow transplantation (BMT). There were some discrepancies between morphology and genetic (especially FISH) results at partial, or even complete remission. As leukemic cells with t(8;21) can maturate, morphological assessment alone is insufficient to evaluate the residual leukemic cells. Interphase FISH provided more precise information about the clinical status of patients with an 8;21 translocation after treatment.
    Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics 09/1999; 113(1):29-35. · 1.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The p73 gene, a member of the p53 family, is a new candidate tumor suppressor gene. To investigate the possibility of genetic alteration of p73 in leukemia and lymphoma, we examined 55 cell lines and 39 patient samples together with 17 nonhematopoietic cancer cell lines. Gene expression of p73 was detected by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in cell lines (5 of 7 pre B/B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia [ALL], 13 of 21 T-ALL/lymphoblastic lymphomas [LBL], 9 of 10 B-non-Hodgkin's lymphomas [B-NHL], 8 of 9 acute myelogenous leukemias [AML], 2 of 2 T-NHL, 3 of 3 multiple myeloma), and in patient samples (16 of 23 pre B-ALL, 5 of 8 T-ALL/LBL, 5 of 8 B-NHL). PCR-single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) of cDNAs showed no mutation in 43 p73-expressing cell lines within the regions that corresponded to the 5 mutational hotspots of the p53 gene. Neither homologous deletion nor rearrangement of the p73 gene were found by Southern blot analysis in any of the cell lines that lack expression of p73. In contrast to prior published data, analysis of a polymorphic site showed that the p73 gene was expressed biallelically in cell lines and normal peripheral blood. Notably, the p73-negative cell lines were hypermethylated at a CpG island in the 5' untranslated region of the p73 mRNA, and treatment of these cell lines with 5-azacytidine (5-AC), a demethylation reagent, induced p73 expression. Taken together, we found that a sizable proportion (32%) of ALL/B-NHL cell lines and primary tumors had negligible or limited expression of the p73 gene associated with hypermethylation of the gene. These findings suggest that silencing of the p73 gene by hypermethylation may contribute to development and/or progression of lymphoid neoplasms.
    Blood 09/1999; 94(3):1113-20. · 9.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We describe a case of primary effusion lymphoma with T-cell phenotype, mixed genotype, and intranuclear herpesvirus inclusions visible with the light microscope. Cells were studied by immunohistochemical analysis, in situ hybridization, immunoglobulin and T-cell receptor gene rearrangement, and polymerase chain reaction. Primary effusion lymphoma cells with T-cell phenotype revealed herpesvirus 8 inclusions predominantly seen in apoptotic cells, suggesting that productive viral infection is associated with cell death. Clinical features were typical of primary effusion lymphoma. Cytologic, molecular genetic, and phenotypic features demonstrated a unique variant of primary effusion lymphoma.
    Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine 04/1999; 123(3):257-60. · 2.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Vitamin D3 analogs and paclitaxel (Taxol) are able to inhibit the in vitro growth of a variety of malignant cells including breast cancer cells. These two compounds decrease growth by different mechanisms and they have nonoverlapping toxicities. We examined the abilities of three vitamin D3 compounds to inhibit growth of a human mammary cancer (MCF-7) in BNX triple immunodeficient mice either alone or with Taxol. Vitamin D3 analogs were 1,25(OH)2D3 (code name, Compound C), 1,25(OH)2-16-ene-23-yne-19-nor-26,27-F6-D3 (Compound LH), and 24a,26a,27a,-trihomo-22,24-diene-1,25(OH)2D3 (EB1089). At the doses chosen, the antitumor effect of vitamin D3 analogs alone was greater than that of Taxol alone, and an additive effect was observed when a vitamin D3 analog and Taxol were administered together. EB1089 was the most potent compound, and the EB1089 plus Taxol was the most active combination, decreasing the tumor mass nearly 4-fold compared to controls. Weight-gain in each of the experimental cohorts at the end of the study was less than the control group, but the gain was significantly less in only two experimental groups (those receiving either EB1089 or Compound C plus Taxol). None of the animals became hypercalcemic, and their complete blood counts, serum electrolyte analyses, and liver and renal functions were all fairly similar and within the normal range. In summary, this combination of a vitamin D3 analog and Taxol has the potential to be a therapy for breast cancer.
    Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 02/1999; 53(2):113-20. · 4.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We have studied the in vitro biological activities and mechanisms of action of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25D3) and nine potent 1,25D3 analogs on proliferation and differentiation of myeloid leukemia cell lines (HL-60, retinoic acid-resistant HL-60 [RA-res HL-60], NB4 and Kasumi-1). The common novel structural motiff for almost all the analogs included removal of C-19 (19-nor); each also had unsaturation of the side chain. All the compounds were potent; for example, the concentration of analogs producing a 50% clonal inhibition (ED50) ranged between 1 x 10(-9) to 4 x 10(-11) mol/L when using the HL-60 cell line. The most active compound [1, 25(OH)2-16,23E-diene-26-trifluoro-19-nor-cholecalciferol (Ro 25-9716)] had an ED50 of 4 x 10(-11) mol/L; in contrast, the 1,25D3 produced an ED50 of 10(-9) mol/L with the HL-60 target cells. Ro 25-9716 (10(-9) mol/L, 3 days) was a strong inducer of myeloid differentiation because it caused 92% of the HL-60 cells to express CD11b and 75% of these cells to reduce nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT). This compound (10(-8) mol/L, 4 days) also caused HL-60 cells to arrest in the G1 phase of the cell cycle (88% cells in G1 v 48% of the untreated control cells). The p27(kip-1), a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor which is important in blocking the cell cycle, was induced more quickly and potently by Ro 25-9716 (10(-7) mol/L, 0 to 5 days) than by 1,25D3, suggesting a possible mechanism by which these analogs inhibit proliferation of leukemic growth. The NB4 promyelocytic leukemia cells cultured with the Ro 25-9716 were also inhibited in their clonal proliferation (ED50, 5 x 10(-11) mol/L) and their expression of CD11b was enhanced (80% positive [10(-9) mol/L, 4 days] v 27% untreated NB4 cells). Moreover, the combination of Ro 25-9716 (10(-9) mol/L) and all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA, 10(-7) mol/L) induced 92% of the NB4 cells to reduce NBT, whereas only 26% of the cells became NBT positive after a similar exposure to the combination of 1,25D3 and ATRA. Surprisingly, Ro 25-9716 also inhibited the clonal growth of poorly differentiated leukemia cell lines (RA-res HL-60 [ED50, 4 x 10(-9) mol/L] and Kasumi-1 [ED50, 5 x 10(-10) mol/L]). For HL-60 cells, Ro 25-9716 markedly decreased the percent of the cells in S phase of the cell cycle and increased the expression of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor, p27(kip-1). In summary, 19-nor vitamin D3 compounds strongly induced differentiation and inhibited clonal proliferation of various myeloid leukemia cell lines, suggesting a therapeutic niche for their use in myeloid leukemia.
    Blood 11/1998; 92(7):2441-9. · 9.06 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2k Citations
307.31 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1991–2013
    • Hiroshima University
      • • Research Institute for Radiation Biology and Medicine (RIRBM)
      • • Department of Molecular Oncology
      • • Medical Research Institute for Bio Functions
      • • Department of Hematology
      • • Institute for Nuclear Medicine and Biology Research
      Hirosima, Hiroshima, Japan
  • 2003
    • Kochi Medical School
      Kôti, Kōchi, Japan
  • 2002
    • Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute (JASRI)
      Tatsuno, Hyōgo, Japan
  • 1996–2002
    • Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
      • Division of Hematology and Oncology
      Los Angeles, CA, United States
    • Sri Ramachandra University
      Porur, Tamil Nādu, India
  • 1998–2000
    • Children's Hospital Los Angeles
      • • Division of Hematology-Oncology
      • • Division of Hospital Medicine
      Los Angeles, California, United States
    • University of California, Los Angeles
      • Division of Hematology and Medical Oncology
      Los Angeles, CA, United States