Si-Wei Zhou

Tongji Hospital, Wu-han-shih, Hubei, China

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Publications (19)13.25 Total impact

  • Xiong-Bing Zu · Zhang-Qun Ye · Si-Wei Zhou · Lin Qi · Zhong-Qing Yang ·
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the features of chronic prostatitis with non-neurogenic detrusor sphincter dyssynergia (NNDSD) and the effects of pelvic floor biofeedback in the treatment of the disease. We included in this study 113 male patients, aged 15 - 48 (mean 36) years and diagnosed as having chronic prostatitis for 1 -2 (mean 1.2) years based on such typical symptoms as frequent micturition, urgent micturition, voiding pain, difficult void, etc, that lasted over 3 months, and the score > or = 1 on the first and second parts of NIH-CPSI. Urethritis, interstitial cystitis, urethral stricture and neurogenic bladder were excluded. All the patients underwent urodynamic examinations for the uroflow curve, Q(max), Pdet. max and MUCP. Biofeedback was carried out for those with non-neurogenic detrusor sphincter dyssynergia, and the effects were evaluated at 10 weeks. Twenty-one (18.6%) of the 113 cases were found to be NNDSD. Biofeedback treatment achieved obvious decreases in Q(max) (8.2 +/- 4.1), Pdet. max (125.1 +/- 75.3), MUP (124.3 +/- 23.3) and MUCP (101.5 +/- 43.6), as compared with 15.1 +/- 7.3, 86.3 +/- 54.2, 65.4 +/- 23.0 and 43.5 +/- 16.7 before the treatment (P < 0.05). Statistically significant differences were observed between pre- and post-treatment scores on voiding pain (4.0 +/- 2.0 vs 2.2 +/- 1.7), urination (7.9 +/- 2.1 vs 2.2 +/- 1.9), life impact (9.6 +/- 2.7 vs 2.9 +/- 2.6) and total scores (21.7 +/- 4.8 vs 8.4 +/- 4.6) (P < 0.05). Chronic prostatitis patients with LUTS may have NNDSD, which is urodynamically characterized by low Q(max), high intra-bladder pressure and increased urethral pressure in some patients. Urodynamic examinations may contribute to definite diagnosis and appropriate choice of treatment. Pelvic floor biofeedback has satisfactory short-term effects in the treatment of these patients.
    Zhonghua nan ke xue = National journal of andrology 02/2010; 16(2):146-9.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effect of B7-H1 blockade on proliferation, activation, and antitumor immunity of CD3AK cells. CD3AK cells were induced by stimulation of normal human peripheral blood lymphocytes with CD3 mAbs. Then the cells were cultured with anti-B7-H1 mAbs to block B7-H1 pathway. The proliferation efficiency of CD3AK cells was measured by 3H-thymidine incorporation assay and the concentrations of IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha and IL-10 were measured by ELISA method. Meanwhile the killing activity of CD3AK cells on bladder cancer cell line BIU-87 was measured by MTT method. Blockade of B7-H1 greatly promoted the proliferation of CD3AK cells and extended the survival time of CD3AK cells in vitro. It also enhanced IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha secretion but suppressed IL-10 secretion. And the cytotoxic effect of CD3AK cells on BIU-87 cells were significantly enhanced. Blockade of B7-H1 can promote and retain the proliferation and activation of CD3AK cells. It can also improve the antitumor immunity mediated by CD3AK cells. The manipulation of B7-H1 may become a beneficial target for immunotherapy in tumors.
    Xi bao yu fen zi mian yi xue za zhi = Chinese journal of cellular and molecular immunology 09/2009; 25(8):671-3.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the clinical characteristics, diagnostic methods and minimally invasive treatment of prostatic utricle cyst. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 9 cases of prostatic utricle cyst, of whom 5 presented with frequent or urgent micturition, 3 with difficult urination or thinning urinary stream, and the other 1 with hemospermia. All the cases underwent ultrasonography and MRI. Transurethral cyst deroofing was performed for 3 of the patients with smaller cysts close to the prostatic urethra, and laparoscopic excision of the prostatic utricle was conducted for the other 6 with bigger cysts behind the prostatic urethra. The duration of transurethral cyst deroofing ranged from 30 to 50 min and intraoperative bleeding was 20 -70 ml; the mean time of laparoscopic excision of the prostatic utricle was 100 - 150 min and intraoperative bleeding was 30 -50 ml. All the patients were followed up for 3 - 12 months, which revealed normal penile erection and ejaculation, and no urinary tract irritation or difficult urination. Ultrasonography and MRI are excellent imaging modalities for accurate depiction of prostatic utricle cyst. Transurethral cyst deroofing is valuable for prostatic utricle cyst close to the prostatic urethra. Laparoscopic excision of the prostatic utricle, owing to its safety, effectiveness, minimal invasiveness, fewer complications and rapid recovery, can be used as the first option for the treatment of prostatic utricle cyst.
    Zhonghua nan ke xue = National journal of andrology 08/2009; 15(8):721-3.
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    ABSTRACT: The prostate androgen-regulated (PAR) gene is ubiquitously overexpressed in prostate cancer (PCa) cells and is involved in proliferation of PCa. However, the mechanism by which the modulation of PAR gene expression elicits its biological effects on PCa cells is not well documented. Here, we investigate the mechanism of PAR depletion inhibiting PCa cell growth. PAR expression was depleted by small interfering RNA (siRNA) and its subsequent effects on proliferation of PC3 cells were determined by the trypan blue exclusion assay. Flow cytometric analysis provided the evidence for the progression of cell cycle and the induction of apoptosis which was further confirmed by the observation of cleavage of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase. Western blot analysis was performed to investigate the involvement of critical molecular events known to regulate the cell cycle and the apoptotic machinery. siRNA transfection results in a dose-dependent inhibition of cell growth in PC3 cells by causing G2/M phase cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. The G2/M arrest by PAR depletion was associated with decreased levels of cyclin B1, pCdc2 (Tyr15), Cdc2 and Cdc25C. PAR depletion also was found to result in inhibition of procaspases 9, 8, 6 and 3 with significant increase in the ratio of Bax : Bcl-2. Our data indicate that PAR depletion induces G2/M arrest via the Cdc25C-Cdc2/cyclin B1 pathway. Furthermore, the results of the present study point toward involvement of pathways mediated by both caspase 8 and caspase 9 in apoptosis induction by PAR depletion.
    The Journal of Gene Medicine 12/2007; 9(12):1065-70. DOI:10.1002/jgm.1109 · 2.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effects of the small interfering RNA plasmid-dextran magnetic nanoparticles (siRNA-DMN) combination with external magnetic fields on silencing survivin gene expression of bladder cancer cells and apoptosis when DMN used as gene carrier to transfer siRNA-survivin recombinant plasmid in vivo. The siRNA-survivin recombinant plasmid specific targeted survivin was synthesized in previous experiment. DMN were prepared by chemical coprecipitation method and used as gene carrier. The siRNA-DMN were constructed by static electricity of polylysine and transferred into human bladder cancer BIU-87 cells with the help of external magnetic fields. The growth inhibiting rate (IR) of BIU-87 cells was observed by 3-[4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2, 5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide's test and the apoptosis index (AI) was detected by transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling method. The relatively transcription levels of survivin mRNA and protein expression were respectively detected by semi-quantitive reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and Western Blotting techniques. The diameter, effective diameter and saturation magnetization of DMN-siRNA were about 10 - 12 nm, 94.8 nm and 0.19 emu/g, respectively. The IR (39.60%) and AI (28.72%), the relative expression of survivin mRNA and protein of siRNA-DMN combination with external magnetic fields on BIU-87 cells were significantly higher and lower than those in the control group and single siRNA-DMN group, respectively (P < 0.05). The siRNA-survivin plasmid-DMN combination with external magnetic fields could effectively inhibit survivin expression and induce BIU-87 cells apoptosis which provided experimental basis for the magnetic targeting gene therapy of bladder tumor.
    Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery] 09/2006; 44(18):1248-51.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the involvement of the prostate androgen-regulated (PAR) gene in the androgen receptor (AR) signaling pathway and the malignant phenotype of androgen-independent prostate cancer (PCa) cells. The difference in PAR expression between LNCaP and PC3 cells was detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Androgen and anti-androgen effects on PAR expression were evaluated by RT-PCR in LNCaP, PC3 cells and PC3 cells stably transfected with vector containing wild-type AR. To determine the importance of PAR in the malignant proliferation of androgen-independent PCa cells, we used small interfering RNA (siRNA) transfection to knock down the expression of the gene in PC3 cells. The changes in the malignant phenotype of PCa cells after transfection were analyzed by cell count, colony formation in soft agar and flow cytometry. PAR expression was 3-fold higher in PC3 cells than that in LNCaP cells. Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) regulated PAR mRNA expression in LNCaP cells and the effect was inhibited by the AR antagonist, flutamide. By contrast, DHT did not affect PAR expression in PC3 cells. The reintroduction of AR into PC3 cells by stable transfection restored the androgen effect on PAR upregulation. After the knockdown of the PAR gene by siRNA, PC3 cells exhibited a reversal of the malignant phenotype. Because of the possibility that PAR is downstream from the AR, and because of its contribution to malignant proliferation in androgen-independent PCa cells, the gene could be a potential therapeutic target for androgen-independent PCa with AR signaling pathway alteration.
    Asian Journal of Andrology 08/2006; 8(4):455-62. DOI:10.1111/j.1745-7262.2006.00106.x · 2.60 Impact Factor
  • Jian-Hua Zhang · Wei-Min Yang · Si-Wei Zhou · Zhong Chen ·
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    ABSTRACT: PTEN (phosphatase and tensin homologue deleted from chromosome 10) is the first antioncogene with phosphatase activity till now, and was found absent or mutational in many primary malignant tumors and cell lines. Its inactivation is correlated to tumor development and prognosis. This study was to investigate the effects of PTEN transfection on proliferation and invasion of human bladder cancer cell line BIU87. A eukaryotic expression plasmid containing PTEN, pBp-PTEN, was introduced into E. coli DH5alpha and amplified. The plasmid was prepared and purified, and then identified by restrictive enzyme digestion. pBp-PTEN was transfected into BIU87 cells, and positive cell clones (pBp-PTEN-BIU87) were selected and amplified. Empty plasmid-transfected BIU87 cells (pBp-BIU87) and normal BIU87 cells were set as control. The expression of PTEN was detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Proliferation and invasion ability of BIU87 cells were measured before and after transfection by MTT assay and cell invasion assay. Plasmid pBp-PTEN containing PTEN was successfully constructed and transfected into BIU87 cells. After transfection, the inhibitory rates of cell growth at the first, second, third, and fourth days were 4.27%, 18.92%, 19.54%, and 17.69%, respectively. The penetrating cells were significantly less in pBp-PTEN-BIU87 group than in pBp-BIU87 and BIU87 groups (39.3+/-7.7 vs. 48.1+/-13.2 and 48.9+/-11.0, P<0.05). Transfection with PTEN might suppress proliferation and invasive ability of bladder cancer BIU87 cells.
    Ai zheng = Aizheng = Chinese journal of cancer 06/2006; 25(5):555-9. · 2.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To study the effects of different immunodepressants on the sperm parameters of kidney transplant recipients. In 15 healthy fertile men and 37 kidney transplant recipients, ejaculates were aseptically obtained by masturbation. Thirty-seven patients were divided into two groups, 20 patients were treated with Prograf (FK506) combination with mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) and prednisone; 17 patients were treated with cyclosporine (CsA) combination with azathioprine with prednisone. The sperm viability, mobility parameters such as prorsad percentage motility, straight line velocity (VSL), curve line velocity (VCL), velocity of average path (VAP) and morph were estimated with a computer-assisted sperm analyzer (CASA) provided with a multiple-exposure photography system. There were no significant difference in sperm viability rate [(81.7 +/- 5.7)%, (79.4 +/- 6.8)% and (83.8 +/- 6.0)%], VCL [(24.1 +/- 8.6)%, (23.9 +/- 4.4)%, (24.8 +/- 4.2)% ] and VAP [(19.7 +/- 6.6)%, (18.6 +/- 2.9)%, (21.0 +/- 4.0)%] among groups of FK506, CsA and control, respectively (P > 0.05). The rate of anomaly [(67.8 +/- 5.7)%], the prorsad percentage motility [(46.4 +/- 8.1)%] and VSL [(15.4 +/- 4.6)%] in the group of FK506 were respectively significantly lower and higher than those in the group of CsA [(80.1 +/- 5.6%, (33.3 +/- 6.4)%, (10.2 +/- 2.4)%] (P < 0.05). The application of FK506 combined with MMF could help recover the mobility and morphology of the sperm in kidney transplantation recipients.
    Zhonghua nan ke xue = National journal of andrology 05/2006; 12(5):405-7.
  • Song-tao Xiang · Si-wei Zhou · Wei Guan · Ji-hong Liu · Zhang-qun Ye ·
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    ABSTRACT: To study MUC1 expression and distribution of tumor-infiltrating dentritic cells (TIDCs) in human bladder transitional cell carcinoma (BTCC). Immunohistochemical staining was employed to detect MUC1 expression and TIDC distribution in 69 surgical specimens of BTCC. MUC1 expression was also detected immunohistochemically in BIU-87, T-24 and drug-resistant BIU87/A cells. Flow cytometry was performed for determining the apoptosis rates of these 3 cells after a 48-hour treatment with adriamycin, vincristine and cisplatin, respectively. MUC1 expression was detected in the BTCC tissues of all stages and the immunohistochemical staining patterns were significantly associated with the pathological grade and clinical stage of the tumors (P<0.001). The number of TIDCs in the tumors was inversely correlated with tumor pathological grades and clinical stages (P<0.005). MUC1 expressed weakly in the cytoplasm and on the membrane of BIU-87 cells and T-24 cells, but strongly in the cytoplasm and membrane of BIU-87/A cells, showing significant differences between the drug-sensitive and -resistant cells (P<0.05). The apoptosis rates of BIU-87 cells and T-24 cells increased obviously after treatment with adriamycin, vincristine and cisplatin, but no significant differences were noted between the two cells or between the 3 drugs. The apoptosis rate of BIU87/A cells, however, exhibited no obvious increase after adriamycin or vincristine treatment, but showed significant increase in response to cisplatin treatment (P<0.05). The expression pattern of MUC1 and distribution of TIDCs can be useful markers to evaluate the degree of malignancy and prognosis of BTCC. The decrease in the number of TIDCs may have important relation to tumor immune evasion and immune tolerance, and MUC1 over-expression may lead to drug resistance of BTCC, indicating its involvement in tumor infiltration and metastasis.
    Di 1 jun yi da xue xue bao = Academic journal of the first medical college of PLA 09/2005; 25(9):1114-8.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the value of quantitative examination of MUC 1 in the urine of patients with bladder transitional cell carcinoma (BTCC). Urine samples were obtained from 31 patients with BTCC for quantification of MUC 1 content by immunoradiometric analysis. The urine samples were also examined in 10 patients with cystitis glandularis, 10 with benign urine disease and 10 healthy volunteers. The differences in urine MUC1 content were statistically measured between the groups, between cancer patients of different clinical stages and classes, between primary and recurrent cancer patients, and between measurements taken before and after operation. Urine MUC 1 was detected in all the patients. No significant differences were found between the groups, nor between patients with BTCC in all stages (P>0.05), or between primary and recurrent cancer patients (P>0.05). But MUC 1 contents showed significant difference before and after the operation in the cancer patients (P<0.05). Urine MUC 1 can not serve as the marker to screen and diagnose BTCC, but it can be useful in therapeutic effect and prognostic evaluation. Specific oncogene markers are more significant than oncogene phenotype markers in clinical diagnosis and screen of BTCC.
    Di 1 jun yi da xue xue bao = Academic journal of the first medical college of PLA 08/2005; 25(8):998-1000.
  • Kai Sun · Si-wei Zhou · Zheng-guo Cao · Gang Luo · Xiong-bin Lu ·
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the effects of culture supernatant of bladder tumor cell lines BIU-87 on the development and function of peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC)-derived dendritic cells. The culture supernatant of BIU-87 cells was collected and used as the conditional culture medium for PBMC-derived DCs culture in experiment group. Normal cultured DCs were used as control group. The phenotypes of DCs in experiment group and in control group were analyzed by FACS. The capacity and difference to stimulate allogenetic T cells of PBMC-derived DCs from the two groups were evaluated by MTT colourimetry. Phenotypic analysis showed that DCs co-cultured with culture supernatant of BIU-87 cells expressed lower levels of CD1a, CD83 and CD86. Moreover, as compared with control group, the maturation of DCs was inhibited, and the capacity to stimulate allgentic T cell proliferation by DCs descended(P<0.05). The culture supernatant of BIU-87 cells can inhibit the development and function of DCs. It is a possible reason for the decrease of the number of DCs and the descent of its functional in the patients with bladder tumor.
    Xi bao yu fen zi mian yi xue za zhi = Chinese journal of cellular and molecular immunology 03/2005; 21(2):237-9.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effect of the photodynamic therapy (PDT) with the new water-soluble metalloporphyrin compound on human prostate cancer PC-3 cells in vitro and the anticancer mechanism of PDT. The new water-soluble manganese, 5,10,15, 20-tetra (N-methyl4-pyridyl) porphinato (2-) tetraiodide salt, was synthesized. The PC-3 cells were treated with the compound of serial concentrations(0, 0.1, 1, 1.0 micromol/L) followed by irradiation of different dosages of visible light. The techniques of MTT and Annexin-V/propidium iodide double-labeled flow cytometry (FCM) were applied to measuring the inhibitory effect of the compound on the growth activity and apoptosis of the cells. When the metalloporphyrin compound concentration was within 10 micromol/L and the irradiation time was within 30 min, the water-soluble metalloporphyrin compound had a significant inhibitory effect on the proliferation of PC-3 cells and induced PC-3 cell apoptosis, and the effects depended greatly on metalloporphyrin concentration and illumination dosages. Higher concentrations and dosages induced the death of the majority of PC-3 cells. The PDT of the water-soluble metalloporphyrin compound followed by light irradiation has a distinctive killing effect on PC-3 cells in vitro, and the rates of proliferation inhibition and cell apoptosis are correlated with metalloporphyrin concentration and the dosages of light irradiation. The results suggest that the mechanism of metalloporphyrin PDT may be involved with the induction of apoptosis in human prostate cancer cells.
    Zhonghua nan ke xue = National journal of andrology 03/2005; 11(2):124-6, 129.
  • Zheng-guo Cao · Si-wei Zhou · Ji-hong Liu ·
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To investigate the preparation of the carboxymethly dextran iron oxide magnetic nanoparticles (CDMN) and the effects of CDMN carrier system associated with external magnetic fields on killing tumor cells and gene transfection in vitro. Methods: Epirubicin-CDMN (EPI-CDMN) and green fluorescent protein (GFP) plasmid-CDMN (GFP-CDMN) were prepared by the oxidation-reduction procedure and their characters were detected, respectively. The effects of EPI-CDMN associated with external pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs) (10 mT) on killing human bladder cancer BIU-87 cells were studied by MTT assay and Annexin-V/PI double-labeled flow cytometry technique, respectively. And the transfection efficiency of GFP when CDMN were used as gene carrier associated with the external magnetic fields was evaluated under fluorescence microscope in vitro. Results: The diameter of EPI-CDMN and GFP-CDMN were about 8∼10 nm and 5∼9 nm, respectively, and saturation magnetization were 0.22 emu/g and 0.26 emu/g, respectively. EPI-CDMN associated with PEMFs could significantly inhibit the proliferation of BIU-87 cells and induce cells apoptosis, the growth inhibitory rate and apoptosis rate were (21.82±3.18)% and (16.79±3.37)%, respectively. The transfection efficiency of GFP-CDMN combined with PEMFs was significant higher than that of GFP-CDMN without PEMFs [(45.70±4.32)% vs (35.85±2.16)%, P<0.05]. Conclusion: It seemed that EPI-CDMN associated with external magnetic fields could significantly killed human bladder cancer BIU-87 cells and CDMN could effectively transfer GFP gene into tumors cells with the help of external magnetic fields which provided experimental basis for the magnetic targeting therapy of tumor.
    Chinese Journal of Cancer Research 02/2005; 17(1):1-5. DOI:10.1007/s11670-005-0001-x · 1.94 Impact Factor
  • Zheng-Guo Cao · Si-Wei Zhou · Kai Sun · Xiong-Bing Lu · Gang Luo · Ji-Hong Liu ·
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    ABSTRACT: Application of magnetic nano- particles as gene carrier in gene therapy of tumor has developed quickly. To obtain a new type non-viral gene introduction and therapy system,which is convenient,and can drive target gene to express highly and stably,this study was designed to explore the preparation of superparamagnetic dextran iron oxide nanoparticles(SDION),and the feasibility of SDION used as gene carrier in vitro. SDION were prepared by chemical co-precipitation,separated by gel filtration chromatography on Sephacryl S-300HR,and centrifugation techniques,characterized by transmission electron microscopy,laser scattering system,and vibrating sample magnetometer signal processor. The green fluorescent protein-C2 (GFP-C2) plasmid was used as target gene. SDION-GFP- C2 compounds were synthesized by oxidation-reduction reaction. The connection rate of SDION and GFP-C2 was analyzed by agarose electrophoresis,and evaluated by measuring concentration of GFP in the supernatant after centrifugation. Liposome transfection was used as control,the efficiencies of SDION and liposome in transferring GFP gene into human bladder cancer BIU-87 cells were evaluated under fluorescence microscope in vitro. The diameter of SDION ranged from 3 nm to 8 nm, the effective diameter was 59.2 nm, and the saturation magnetization was 0.23 emu/g. After oxidized by sodium periodate of 10 mmol/L,and deoxidized by sodium hydride boron of 0.5 mol/L, SDION could connect with GFP in maximum degree,the transfection efficiency of SDION as gene carrier was about 45%, even higher than that of liposome (about 30%). SDION could connect with GFP plasmid by oxidation- reduction reaction,and success to transfer GFP gene into human bladder cancer BIU-87 cells in vitro.
    Ai zheng = Aizheng = Chinese journal of cancer 10/2004; 23(10):1105-9. · 2.16 Impact Factor
  • Zheng-guo Cao · Ji-hong Liu · Si-wei Zhou · Wei Wu · Chun-ping Yin · Ji-zhou Wu ·
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the effects of the active constituents of Alisma orientalis on the expression of bikunin mRNA in rat urolithiasis model, and explore the mechanism of this traditional Chinese medicine on prevention of urinary calculi. Modern phytochemistry and bioactivity guided isolation techniques were applied to extract the active constituents of Alisma orientalis. Hyperoxaluria and the renal oxalate calcium stone formation were induced in rats by infusion into the stomach with 1% ethylene glycol and 2% ammonium chloride. 30 adult male Wistar rats were randomized into 3 groups of 10 rats: control group, infused into the stomach with running water; stone-forming group, infused into the stomach with 1% ethylene glycol and 2% ammonium chloride so as to make into renal oxalate calcium stone model; and group of Alisma orientalis, infused into the stomach with 2% ammonium chloride and the constituents of Alisma orientalis. Four weeks after the rats were killed and their kidneys were taken out. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction technique was used to examine the bikunin mRNA expression levels in the rat renal tissues. The calcium oxalate deposits in the kidneys were detected by microscopy. The serum creatinnine and blood urea nitrogen levels, renal tissue calcium content, 24 h urinary calcium and oxalate excretion were also detected. In the group administered with the active constituents of Alisma orientalis, calcium oxalate deposits in the kidney, serum creatinnine and blood urea nitrogen levels, the bikunin mRNA expression levels, renal tissue calcium content and 24 h urinary calcium excretion were all significantly lower than those in the model group (the bikunin mRNA expression levels: 0.53 +/- 0.17 vs 0.71 +/- 0.25, P < 0.05; renal tissue calcium content: 4.70 mg/g +/- 0.08 mg/g vs 9.49 mg/g +/- 0.45 mg/g, P < 0.01; 24 h urinary calcium excretion: 37 micromol +/- 2 micromol vs 62 micromol +/- 2 micromol, P < 0.01). The active constituents of Alisma orientalis can down-regulate the bikunin mRNA expression, decrease the calcium oxalate formation in rat kidney, and inhibit the renal stone formation in rat urolithiasis model.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 08/2004; 84(15):1276-9.
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To study the clinical features of patients with primary small cell carcinoma (SCC) of the bladder and to improve the diagnosis and treatment. Methods: Clinical data of 3 cases with primary SCC of the bladder were discussed and the pathology, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis were reviewed. Results: 3 cases of primary SCC of the bladder were presented. Of them the diagnosis was confirmed by pathological examination after operation (2 cases) and biopsy (1 case). One case with stage T4M1 died after three months’ chemotherapy. One case with stage T2M0 underwent partial cystectomy and was treated with chemotherapy and one year later died of miocardial infarction. Another case with stage T4M0 underwent radical cystectomy and postoperative irradiation therapy. The patient was alive and had no recurrence of symptoms during two years follow-up. Conclusion: Primary SCC of the urinary bladder is highly malignant. Radical cystectomy combined with radiotherapy appears to be the efficient treatment. Chemotherapy seems to be of no significant effect.
    Chinese Journal of Cancer Research 06/2004; 16(2):154-156. DOI:10.1007/s11670-004-0017-7 · 1.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To study the effect of different extracts of Alisma orientalis on urinary calcium oxalate stone formation in rats and to identify the effective constituents. Different extracts were administered through a stomach tube to rats of different groups with renal calcium oxalate stones induced by ethylene glycol (EG) and ammonium chloride (AC). In the rats administered with ethyl acetate elution of ethyl acetate extract, blood Cr, BUN, renal tissue calcium content, urinary calcium excretion and crystals deposition in renal tissue were significantly lower than those of the stone formation group. The ethyl acetate elution of ethyl acetate fraction extract of Alisma orientalis can significantly inhibit urinary calcium oxalate stone formation in rats and be the most effective constituent of Alisma orientalis.
    Zhongguo Zhong yao za zhi = Zhongguo zhongyao zazhi = China journal of Chinese materia medica 12/2003; 28(11):1072-5.
  • Song-Tao Xiang · Hui Guo · Si-Wei Zhou ·
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    ABSTRACT: Nuclear factor of kappa B (NF-kappa B) is a multipolar nuclear transcription factor, and adjusts many gene expressions concerned with immunization, apoptosis, inflammation, neoplasia and metastasis. Recently, NF-kappa B has become a kind of hot spot in the studies of neoplasia, infiltration, metastasis and drug resistance. NF-kappa B can serve as an ideal target molecular approach to the promising gene therapy. This article reviews recent advances in studies on the structure and function of NF-kappa B, and the relationship between NF-kappa B and prostatic adenocarcinoma infiltration, metastasis and tactics of gene therapy.
    Zhonghua nan ke xue = National journal of andrology 11/2003; 9(7):536-8, 542.
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    ABSTRACT: To study the expression of Mucin1 gene and tumor infiltrating dendritic cells(TIDC) in the tissues of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and prostate cancer. Mucin1 and TIDC were detected in 20 specimens of BPH and 30 specimens of prostate cancer by immunohistochemistry SP method. MUC1 expressed in both prostate cancer and BPH. The staining patterns were significantly associated with tumor pathological grade (P < 0.001). The number of TIDC was negatively correlated with tumor pathological grade, the higher the grade, the smaller the number of TIDC (P < 0.001). The expression pattern of MUC1 and the number of TIDC could be considered as useful markers to evaluate the malignant degree and prognosis of prostate cancer. The decrease of TIDC plays an important role in tumor immune evasion and immune tolerance. Highly expressed MUC1 could lead to the failure of hormonal treatment for prostate cancer, and contribute much to tumor infiltration and metastasis.
    Zhonghua nan ke xue = National journal of andrology 11/2003; 9(7):497-500.