Andrew A Colin

University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida, United States

Are you Andrew A Colin?

Claim your profile

Publications (76)265.82 Total impact

  • Giovanni A Rossi, Andrew A Colin
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: There is evidence that respiratory viruses play a key role in the development and exacerbation of obstructive respiratory diseases in children. This review attempts to juxtapose the separate profiles and prototypes of pathogenenetic mechanisms represented by the two most common amongst such viruses: respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and human rhinovirus (HRV). RSV represents the most common agent of severe airway disease in infants and young children, and is predominant in winter months. Large epidemiological studies have revealed an unequivocal relationship between RSV infection and subsequent wheezing into childhood, thought to be related to long-term changes in neuroimmune control of the airways rather than allergic sensitisation. HRV is a highly diverse group of viruses that affect subjects of all ages, is ubiquitous and occurs year-round. In contrast to RSV, infections with HRV cause minimal cytotoxicity but induce a rapid production of cytokines and chemokines with amplification of the inflammatory response. The susceptibility to HRV-induced bronchiolitis and subsequent wheezing appears to be linked to individual predisposition since it is often associated with a family or personal history of asthma/atopy. Thus, RSV probably serves as an "inducer" rather than a "trigger". Conversely, HRVs seem to serve as a "trigger" rather than an "inducer" in predisposed individuals.
    The European respiratory journal. 10/2014;
  • Andrew Colin, Elisa Basora, Shatha Yousef
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) have been increasingly recognized in recent years as contributors to clinically significant lung infection in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. Reports of prevalence vary from 6 to 22% around the world. Prevalence estimates in childhood CF is challenging since sputum producers are rare, bronchoalveolar lavage is an invasive procedure and may not be feasible, and mounting evidence deeming throat cultures to be unsuccessful in detecting NTM. We report a case of an overall healthy 13 year old young adolescent female with CF, who presented with Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) as her first documented lung infection, and while only presenting with minor cough proved to have severe purulent bronchial infection. Contrary to common paradigms, NTM can be the first infection in a non-previously infected airway, and, this first infection can be of a serious nature unlike the more subtle anticipated pattern. The causes of the high and probably increasing overall incidence of NTM and specifically in CF elude explanation and mandate further study. Continuing efforts should be invested into the study of all aspects of this ominous infection. Pediatr Pulmonol. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Pediatric Pulmonology 09/2014; · 2.38 Impact Factor
  • Pediatrics. 05/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Suppurative complications of pneumonia such as empyema, lung abscess, pyopneumothorax, and necrotizing pneumonia (NP) are uncommon in children. Over the last decade an increasing incidence of NP has been reported. Streptococcus pneumoniae continues to be the predominant causative organism of NP, and while sporadic cases were reported prior to routine administration of heptavalent pneumococcal vaccine, a marked increase in NP appears to relate to replacement pneumococcal strains. Pleural involvement is almost universal in NP, and the course of pleural disease often determines its duration and outcome, particularly as it relates to complication of bronchopleural fistula. Cavities are formed in NP within the lung parenchyma and in the pleural space as the fibrosing pleural process organizes. The similarity of the radiologic appearance of parenchymal and pleural space cavities often makes the differentiation of pneumatocele versus residua of loculated pneumothorax challenging. The prevailing perception from most reports on childhood NP is of a favorable outcome with conservative approach. We report two pediatric cases with pneumonia who presented with prolonged fever despite antibiotic treatment, eventually diagnosed with NP. After stabilization on prolonged IV antibiotics, and weeks after discharge, they presented with unexpected acute respiratory failure due to a life-threatening tension air collection. In this article we discuss the nature of NP, its typical presentation, benign course and outcome, albeit its potential to cause serious late complications in the light of our recent experiences. Increasing awareness of such complications will result in more careful follow-up and in providing appropriate recommendations to parents of patients recovering from NP. Pediatr Pulmonol. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Pediatric Pulmonology 11/2013; · 2.38 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Macrolide antibiotics, which have anti-inflammatory and immune modulatory effects, have been studied as adjuncts for the management of asthma. However, results have been contradictory and trials underpowered. We therefore sought to conduct a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCT). All RCT of prolonged macrolides (3+ weeks) for asthma treatment, published up to January 2013 in MEDLINE, Scopus, CINAHL, Highwire, and The Cochrane Collaboration Library, were included. Fixed- or random-effects models were used to calculate pooled weighted or standard mean differences (WMD or SMD, respectively). A total of 12 studies were included for analysis. The pooled effect of macrolides on FEV1 (eight trials, 381 subjects) was not significant (SMD 0.05, 95% CI -0.14-0.25), but there was a significant increase in peak expiratory flow (four trials, 419 subjects; WMD 6.7, 95% CI 1.35-12.06). Pooled analysis also showed significant improvements in symptom scores (eight studies, 478 subjects; WMD -0.46, 95% CI -0.60 to -0.32), quality of life (five trials, 346 subjects; WMD 0.18, 95% CI 0.001-0.37), and airway hyper-reactivity (two trials, 131 subjects; SMD 1.99, 95% CI 0.46-3.52). Post hoc evaluation showed limited statistical power to detect significant differences in FEV1. Macrolide administration for asthma for three or more weeks was not associated with improvement in FEV1, but produced significant improvements in peak expiratory flow, symptoms, quality of life, and airway hyper-reactivity. Macrolides may therefore be beneficial as adjunct asthma therapy. Future trials, focusing on long-term safety and effectiveness, should use standardized outcomes and procedures.
    Allergy 07/2013; · 5.88 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The optimal strategy for monitoring cystic fibrosis (CF) lung disease in infancy remains unclear. Objective: To describe longitudinal associations between infant pulmonary function tests (iPFTs), chest radiograph (CXR) scores and other characteristics. Methods: CF patients ≤24 months old were enrolled in a 10-center study evaluating iPFTs 4 times over a year. CXRs ∼1 year apart were scored with the Wisconsin and Brasfield systems. Associations of iPFTs with clinical characteristics were evaluated with mixed effects models. Results: The 100 participants contributed 246 acceptable flow/volume (FEV0.5, FEF75), 303 functional residual capacity (FRC) measurements and 171 CXRs. Both Brasfield and Wisconsin CXR scores worsened significantly over the 1 year interval. Worse Wisconsin CXR scores and S. aureus were both associated with hyperinflation (significantly increased FRC) but not with diminished FEV0.5 or FEF75. Parent-reported cough was associated with significantly diminished FEF75 but not with hyperinflation. Conclusions: In this infant cohort in whom we previously reported worsening in average lung function, CXR scores also worsened over a year. The significant associations detected between both Wisconsin CXR score and S. aureus and hyperinflation, as well as between cough and diminished flows, reinforce the ability of iPFTs and CXRs to detect early CF lung disease.
    European Respiratory Journal 05/2013; · 6.36 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Previous reports have described structural airway abnormalities in children with non-cystic fibrosis chronic suppurative lung disease as well as obliterative membranes in the major bronchi of cystic fibrosis patients. The putative paradigm proposed in the evolution of these membranes invokes intense inflammation resulting in granulation tissue and neovascularization with the formation of pyogenic granuloma and eventually fibrosis. Our series of four cases widens the spectrum of conditions that may be conducive to large airway obliteration to include non-suppurative chronic infections and possibly immunosuppression. Obliteration of lumina in proximal and distal airways was visualized on bronchoscopy, the latter by the use of the ultrathin bronchoscopes. An attempt at invasive intervention by transbronchial breaching of the obstruction was unsuccessful in three cases, and in one case, the obliterative process resolved spontaneously and without any radiologic trace, presumably by resorption or rupture or through development of collateral ventilation. This series highlights the use of bronchoscopy for diagnosis and occasionally for therapeutic intervention in hitherto little recognized obliterative airway lesions. These acquired obliterative lesions should be considered in the evaluation of patients with isolated non-resolving pulmonary infiltrates or other conditions in which bronchial and bronchiolar patency may be impaired. Pediatr Pulmonol. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Pediatric Pulmonology 03/2013; · 2.38 Impact Factor
  • Paediatric respiratory reviews 06/2012; 13:S1. · 2.79 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: To report the performance of fetal bronchoscopy in a case of pulmonary sequestration. Materials and Methods: A 24 year-old female, Gravida 2, Para 1, was referred at 27.5 weeks with a large fetal left lung mass with marked right mediastinal shift and no visible normal left lung. Differential diagnosis included possible bronchial atresia. Results: The patient underwent fetal laryngoscopy and fetal bronchoscopy at 31.5 weeks. The right lung and a portion of the left lung expanded during surgery as a result of bronchial lavage. Bronchial atresia or bronchogenic cyst were not found. Pregnancy continued uneventfully, with continuous growth of the right lung and a small amount of left lung. The patient delivered vaginally at term. The baby underwent thoracoscopic resection of a pulmonary sequestration at 10.5 months of age and did well. Conclusion: Fetal bronchoscopy is feasible. The procedure may prove useful in the differential diagnosis and in the potential treatment of different fetal lung lesions, as well as aid in the understanding of the role of bronchial obstruction as a common pathophysiologic mechanism for different fetal lung masses. Risks and benefits of fetal bronchoscopy warrant further experience.
    The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine: the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians 05/2012; 25(11):2354-8. · 1.36 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Youth infected with HIV at birth often have sleep disturbances, neurocognitive deficits, and abnormal psychosocial function which are associated with and possibly resulted from elevated blood cytokine levels that may lead to a decreased quality of life. To identify molecular pathways that might be associated with these disorders, we evaluated 38 HIV-infected and 35 uninfected subjects over 18-months for intracellular cytokine levels, sleep patterns and duration of sleep, and neurodevelopmental abilities. HIV infection was significantly associated with alterations of intracellular pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-12), sleep factors (total time asleep and daytime sleep patterns), and neurocognitive factors (parent and patient reported problems with socio-emotional, behavioral, and executive functions; working memory-mental fatigue; verbal memory; and sustained concentration and vigilance. By better defining the relationships between HIV infection, sleep disturbances, and poor psychosocial behavior and neurocognition, it may be possible to provide targeted pharmacologic and procedural interventions to improve these debilitating conditions.
    Clinical Immunology 05/2012; 144(1):13-23. · 3.77 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Release of acetylcholine from parasympathetic nerves in the airways activates postjunctional muscarinic receptors present on smooth muscle, submucosal glands and blood vessels. This triggers bronchoconstriction, muscle hypertrophy, mucus secretion, and vasodilatation, respectively. The release of acetylcholine from parasympathetic nerves in lungs is induced by a variety of stimuli and downregulated by the inhibitory activity of neuronal M2 muscarinic receptors via a feedback mechanism. Increased parasympathetic nerve activity occurs in a variety of airway diseases in childhood, including viral-induced wheeze and asthma. Common to these conditions are reversible airway obstruction, mucus hypersecretion, vasodilation and enhanced vascular permeability. In animal models of airway hyperreactivity similar findings of increased acetylcholine release resulting in enhanced supply of this neurotransmitter to the postjunctional smooth muscles, submucosal glands and airway vessels, were demonstrated. While the number and function of postjunctional muscarinic receptors in the airways are unchanged in such airway disorders, inhibitory activity on the parasympathetic nerves appears to be impaired. Specifically, M2 muscarinic receptor dysfunction has been demonstrated in models of bronchial hyperreactivity induced by a variety of triggers, including viruses, atmospheric pollutants and allergens. The mechanisms leading to impairment of neuronal M2 muscarinic receptor function and their putative relevance to the pathogenesis and the treatment of airway disease in childhood are described. Finally, the available data on the activity of ipratropium bromide, a short-acting anticholinergic drug, in the most common pediatric airway disease are reported and the possible therapeutic efficacy of tiotropium bromide, a more recently introduced long-acting, selective anticholinergic compound, is discussed.
    Current pharmaceutical design 04/2012; 18(21):3061-85. · 4.41 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The incidence of asthma and atopic dermatitis (AD) was evaluated in HIV-infected (n = 451) compared to HIV-exposed (n = 227) but uninfected (HEU) children and adolescents by abstraction from clinical charts. Asthma was more common in HIV-infected compared to HEU children by clinical diagnosis (25% vs. 20%, p = 0.101), by asthma medication use, (31% vs. 22%, p = 0.012), and by clinical diagnosis and/or medication use, (34% vs. 25%, p = 0.012). HIV-infected children had a greater risk of asthma compared to HEU children (HR = 1.37, 95% CI: 1.01 to 1.86). AD was more common in HIV-infected than HEU children (20% vs. 12%, p = 0.009)) and children with AD were more likely to have asthma in both cohorts (41% vs. 29%, p = 0.010). HIV-infected children and adolescents in this study had an increased incidence of asthma and AD, a finding critical for millions of HIV-infected children worldwide.
    Clinical Immunology 10/2011; 142(2):201-8. · 3.77 Impact Factor
  • Paediatric Respiratory Reviews - PAEDIATR RESPIR REV. 01/2011; 12.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The conducting of clinical trials in infants with cystic fibrosis (CF) has been hindered by lack of sensitive outcome measures. To evaluate safety, feasibility, and ability to detect abnormalities in lung function of serial pulmonary function tests (PFTs) in infants with CF. Multicenter observational study using a commercial device, rigorous training, ongoing quality control, and over-reading of data by an independent panel. Raised volume rapid thoracoabdominal compression technique and plethysmography were performed at enrollment and at 6 and 12 months, with an additional 1-month reproducibility visit. A total of 342 procedures were performed in 100 infants with CF at 10 centers. FRC measurements were acceptable at a higher proportion of study visits (89%) than raised volume (72%) or fractional lung volume (68%) measurements. Average Z scores for many parameters differed significantly from historical control values. Mean (95% confidence interval) Z scores were: -0.52 (-0.78 to -0.25) for forced expiratory flow at 75% (FEF₇₅) for FVC; 1.92 (1.39-2.45) for FRC; 1.22 (0.68-1.76) for residual volume; 0.87 (0.60-1.13) for FRC/total lung capacity; and 0.66 (0.27-1.06) for residual volume/total lung capacity. For future multicenter clinical trials using infant PFTs as primary endpoints, minimum detectable treatment effects are presented for several sample sizes. In this 10-center study, key PFT measures were significantly different in infants with CF than in historical control subjects. However, infant PFTs do not yet appear ready as primary efficacy endpoints for multicenter clinical trials, particularly at inexperienced sites, based on acceptability rates, variability, and potentially large sample sizes required to detect reasonable treatment effects.
    American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 12/2010; 182(11):1387-97. · 11.04 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Andrew A Colin, Cynthia McEvoy, Robert G Castile
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Normal lung development follows a series of orchestrated events. Premature birth interrupts normal in utero lung development, which results in significant alterations in lung function and physiology. Increasingly, there are reports documenting the broad range of complications experienced by infants aged 34 to 36 weeks' gestational age (GA). Our objective was to summarize the evidence demonstrating respiratory system vulnerability in infants aged 34 to 36 weeks' GA and to review the developmental and physiologic principles that underlie this vulnerability. A comprehensive search for studies that reported epidemiologic data and respiratory morbidity was conducted on the PubMed, Medline, Ovid Biosis, and Embase databases from 2000 to 2009 by using medical subject headings "morbidity in late preterm infants," "preterm infants and lung development," "prematurity and morbidity," and "prematurity and lung development." Because the number of studies exclusive to infants aged 34 to 36 weeks' GA was limited, selected studies also included infants aged 32 to 36 weeks' GA. Of the 24 studies identified, 16 were retrospective population-based cohort studies; 8 studies were observational. These studies consistently revealed that infants born at 32 to 36 weeks' GA, including infants of 34 to 36 weeks' GA, experience substantial respiratory morbidity compared with term infants. Levels of morbidity were, at times, comparable to those observed in very preterm infants. The developmental and physiologic mechanisms that underlie the increased morbidity rate and alterations in respiratory function are discussed. We also present evidence to demonstrate that the immaturity of the respiratory system of infants 34 to 36 weeks' GA at birth results in increased morbidity in infancy and leads to deficits in lung function that may persist into adulthood.
    PEDIATRICS 07/2010; 126(1):115-28. · 4.47 Impact Factor
  • Andrew A Colin, Tarig Ali-Dinar
    Pediatric Pulmonology 06/2010; 45(6):626-7. · 2.38 Impact Factor
  • Annabelle Quizon, Andrew A Colin
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Asthma is the most common chronic illness in childhood with challenges that revolve around interventions that can potentially alter the course of the disease and concerns regarding the safety of regular use of controller medications. Recent studies suggest that the use of inhaled corticosteroids in very young children with frequent wheezing episodes and at high risk for asthma, while effective, does not alter the eventual progression to asthma. As a controller medication, the safety of inhaled corticosteroids as regards efficacy and risk are reviewed. The use of as-needed ICS as a strategy to reduce risk of adverse events can be explored in children with mild persistent asthma. The key to risk reduction is to titrate the dose of steroids to the lowest dose needed to achieve asthma control. Aside from inhaled corticosteroids, other controller medications are described within the framework of the updated asthma guidelines released by the NIH-National Asthma Education and Prevention Program in 2007. Other interventions that may attenuate asthma risk and severity include environmental measures towards allergen avoidance and attention to the increasing prevalence of obesity. The use of age-appropriate delivery systems for inhaled medications is also important for asthma control.
    Current Opinion in Pharmacology 05/2010; 10(3):272-5. · 5.44 Impact Factor
  • Pediatric Pulmonology 02/2010; 45(4):411. · 2.38 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Mutations in both alleles of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator gene result in the disease cystic fibrosis, which usually manifests as chronic sinopulmonary disease, pancreatic insufficiency, elevated sodium chloride loss in sweat, infertility among men due to agenesis of the vas deferens and other symptoms including liver disease. We describe a pair of African-American brothers, aged 21 and 27, with cystic fibrosis. They were homozygous for a rare frameshift mutation in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator 3791delC, which would be expected to cause significant morbidity. Although 80% of cystic fibrosis patients are colonized with Pseudomonas aeruginosa by eight years of age, the older brother had no serum opsonic antibody titer to P. aeruginosa by age 13 and therefore would have failed to mount an effective antibody response to the alginate (mucoid polysaccharide) capsule of P. aeruginosa. He was not colonized with P. aeruginosa until 24 years of age. Similarly, the younger brother was not colonized with P. aeruginosa until age 20 and had no significant lung disease. Despite a prevailing idea in cystic fibrosis research that the amount of functional cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator predicts clinical status, our results indicated that respiratory disease severity in cystic fibrosis exhibits phenotypic heterogeneity. If this heterogeneity is, in part, genetic, it is most likely derived from genes outside the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator locus.
    Journal of Medical Case Reports 01/2010; 4:117.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the hierarchical phenotypic expression of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) genotypes in the respiratory system as has been documented in the pancreas. This study was institutional review board approved; informed consent was not required. HIPAA guidelines were followed. Genotype effects were assessed by using chest radiographic and pulmonary function test (PFT) results in 93 patients. Serial chest radiographic and PFT (percentage of predicted forced expiratory volume in 1 second [FEV(1)], percentage of predicted forced vital capacity [FVC]) results were compared by using analysis of variance with repeated measures. By using CFTR class of mutations, two groups were created: group S (severe disease) and group M (mild disease). Within group S, three subgroups were created: A consisted of patients with two class I alleles; B, class I allele and class II or III allele; C, class II allele and class II or III allele. Group M consisted of patients with at least one allele from class IV-VI. Within group S, subgroup A had a faster deterioration than B or C according to radiographic data (A vs B, P = .014; A vs C, P = .009), with only a borderline difference in FEV(1) for subgroups A versus C (P = .031). Otherwise, PFTs were not sensitive for distinguishing subgroups. Only radiographic results identified that subgroup B had faster progression than C (P = .003); all parameters had trends of decline in the same direction. Group S had a faster decline than group M (radiography, P = .005; FVC, P = .011; FEV(1), P = .529). Disease progressed more rapidly with gene class hierarchical correlations seen in pancreatic disease. Radiography was more sensitive for identifying differences.
    Radiology 12/2009; 253(3):813-21. · 6.34 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

1k Citations
265.82 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2010–2014
    • University of Miami Miller School of Medicine
      • • Division of Pediatric Pulmonology
      • • Department of Pediatrics
      Miami, Florida, United States
  • 2006–2014
    • University of Miami
      • • Miller School of Medicine
      • • Department of Pediatrics
      كورال غيبلز، فلوريدا, Florida, United States
  • 1994–2010
    • Boston Children's Hospital
      • • Department of Radiology
      • • Department of Laboratory Medicine
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States
  • 2008
    • Riley Hospital for Children
      Indianapolis, Indiana, United States
  • 1989–2006
    • Harvard Medical School
      • • Department of Medicine
      • • Department of Pediatrics
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States
  • 2005
    • Franciscan Hospital for Children
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States
    • Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States
  • 2004
    • University of Duisburg-Essen
      Essen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
    • University of Pittsburgh
      • Department of Pediatrics
      Pittsburgh, PA, United States
  • 2001
    • Mount Sinai School of Medicine
      • Department of Pediatrics
      Manhattan, NY, United States
    • Baylor College of Medicine
      • Department of Pediatrics
      Houston, Texas, United States
  • 2000
    • Children's Hospital Los Angeles
      Los Angeles, California, United States