B Chami

Hôpital Henri Mondor (Hôpitaux Universitaires Henri Mondor), Créteil, Île-de-France, France

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Publications (3)1.79 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The French population is the result of mixing of different peoples including the Celts, Saxons, Germans, Italians and Hispanics. Between 1981 and 1993 patients were selected during investigations in France for haematological disorders associated or otherwise with the presence of a haemoglobin (Hb) variant. Further carriers of abnormal Hb were identified by HPLC measurement of glycated Hb in diabetics and by neonatal screening. Four-hundred and thirty-two subjects were found to be heterozygous for one of the 119 different alpha and the beta gene alleles encountered. These variants were characterised by a combination of 6 electrophoretic methods and in some cases by protein structure determinations. Some mutants reflected the population movements in and into France. A few mutants are frequently described in the French Caucasian population: Hb Lepore Boston, Hb D Punjab, whereas others appear to be anthropological markers. Hb Winnipeg has only been found in the West of France (Normandy); Hb J Baltimore is mainly found in French subjects of Spanish origin. Several cases of sporadic and previously undescribed mutations of Hb were identified. The last immigration waves from Africa and Asia appear to have contributed to the evolution of the pattern of haemoglobinopathies in the French population (Hb S, Hb O Arab or Hb C).
    Annales de Génétique 02/1995; 38(4):206-16.
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    ABSTRACT: The populations of Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia are composed of different ethnic groups including Arabs, Berbers, Sub-Saharan Africans, Europeans, and Turks. Between 1981 and 1991, we studied more than 3,000 individuals from these North African countries. One-hundred and eighty-one carried one (or more) unusual hemoglobin variant(s) other than Hb S and Hb C which are the most frequent variants in these countries. Each of these 181 individuals was heterozygous for at least one of the 49 abnormal alpha or beta alleles identified by electrophoretic and/or structural studies, and some homozygotes were detected. A few mutants are common in North Africa: Hb O-Arab, Hb D-Punjab and Hb G-Philadelphia. Other mutants encountered in European or African populations are found in relatively few North African families. The observed polymorphisms in the populations of North Africa probably result largely from their complex ethnic origins.
    Hemoglobin 02/1994; 18(1):39-51. · 0.89 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The populations of Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia are composed of different ethnic groups including Arabs, Berbers, Sub-Saharan Africans, Europeans, and Turks. Between 1981 and 1991, we studied more than 3,000 individuals from these North African countries. One-hundred and eighty-one carried one (or more) unusual hemoglobin variant(s) other than Hb S and Hb C which are the most frequent variants in these countries. Each of these 181 individuals was heterozygous for at least one of the 49 abnormal α or β alleles identified by electrophoretic and/or structural studies, and some homozygotes were detected. A few mutants are common in North Africa: Hb 0-Arab, Hb D-Punjab and Hb G-Philadelphia. Other mutants encountered in European or African populations are found in relatively few North African families. The observed polymorphisms in the populations of North Africa probably result largely from their complex ethnic origins.
    Hemoglobin 01/1994; 18(1):39-51. · 0.89 Impact Factor