[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background:
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether variant meso-Rex bypass with transposition of abdominal autogenous vein can be used as an alternative treatment modality for selected patients with symptomatic extrahepatic portal vein obstruction.
This was a retrospective review of six consecutive patients who received this alternative procedure for the treatment of symptomatic portal hypertension secondary to idiopathic extrahepatic portal vein obstruction. Their clinical characteristics, operative procedures and outcomes were analyzed retrospectively.
The procedure was attempted in six patients, and all had a patent shunt established by intraoperative portography at the end of the procedure; the coronary vein was used in four patients and the inferior mesenteric vein was used in two. During the median period of 23.5 months (range 10-30 months), follow-up was uneventful except one patient; reduced portal hypertension and no new episodes of gastrointestinal bleeding were observed in all patients, with the exception of one patient with shunt stenosis and recurrent varix bleeding who had to undergo endovascular treatment to restore portal vein blood flow. Technical and clinical success was achieved in all patients.
This procedure could be used safely and effectively to treat selected patients with portal hypertension secondary to extrahepatic portal vein obstruction.
BMC Surgery 10/2015; 15(1):116. DOI:10.1186/s12893-015-0101-6 · 1.40 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objectives:
To investigate the radiologic and histological characteristics of biliary intraductal metastasis of advanced gastric cancer and the clinical outcomes of percutaneous, metallic stent placement.
Materials and methods:
We retrospectively assessed 24 patients with obstructive jaundice related to biliary intraductal metastasis of gastric cancers who underwent PTBD and subsequent metallic stent placement between 2003 and 2012.
Intraductal metastases appeared as uniform, concentric, linear (n = 17) or band-like (n = 7), enhanced wall thickening on CT, and 20 patients (83.3 %) had cystic ductal lesions. On pathology specimens, malignant cells scattered in the submucosal layer caused a desmoplastic reaction. The technical and clinical success rate of stent placement was achieved in all 24 patients. The median survival time was 203 days. Stent occlusion was observed in four patients with 49-278 days following stent placement. The median stent patency time was 156 days.
The radiologic and histological characteristics of biliary intraductal metastasis of advanced gastric cancer consist of uniform, linear or band-like, enhanced biliary wall thickening and malignant cells scattered in the submucosal layer, together with the desmoplastic reaction without any disruption of the epithelial layer. Uncovered metallic stent placement was also a safe and effective method of palliative treatment in these patients.
• The CT findings of intraductal metastasis were linear/band-like, enhanced biliary wall thickening. • The histological finding was malignant cells scattered in the submucosal layer. • It showed a desmoplastic reaction without any disruption of the epithelial layer. • Uncovered metallic stent placement was a safe and effective palliative treatment.
European Radiology 09/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00330-015-3995-6 · 4.01 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Preoperative portal vein embolization (PVE) induces shrinkage of the embolized lobe and compensatory regeneration in the non-embolized lobe, but does not always induce sufficient regeneration of the future remnant liver (FRL). We previously developed preoperative sequential PVE-hepatic vein embolization (HVE), and here we present our experience of treating 42 patients with sequential PVE-HVE.
During 8-year study period, preoperative PVE-HVE was performed on 42 patients with hepatobiliary malignancies.
Primary diseases were bile duct cancers [perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (n = 33) and diffuse bile duct cancer (n = 1)], hepatocellular carcinomas (n = 4), and intrahepatic tumors [intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (n = 3) and gallbladder cancer liver invasion (n = 1)]. These patients demonstrated insufficient FRL regeneration following PVE, thus HVE was performed to induce further regeneration. No PVE-HVE procedure-associated complications occurred. In the bile duct cancer group, FRL volume was 33.9 ± 2.2 % before PVE, 38.4 ± 1.5 % before HVE, 43.7 ± 2.1 % at surgery, and 73.6 ± 8.3 % at 2 weeks after right hepatectomy. The degree of FRL hypertrophy was 13.3 % after PVE, 28.9 % after PHV-HVE, and 117.1 % at 2 weeks after right hepatectomy. All patients except one recovered uneventfully after surgery, and the 3-year patient survival rate was 45.1 %. In the HCC group, transarterial chemoembolization was initially performed and FRL regeneration following PVE-HVE occurred very slowly. Active FRL regeneration occurred in the liver tumor group, but rapid tumor growth was observed in 1 of 4 patients.
The sequential application of HVE following PVE safely and effectively induces further FRL regeneration in non-cirrhotic livers. Further validation using larger patient population and multicenter studies is needed to reliably widen the indications.
World Journal of Surgery 08/2015; 39(12). DOI:10.1007/s00268-015-3194-2 · 2.64 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Secure reconstruction of multiple hepatic ducts severely damaged by tumor invasion or iatrogenic injury is very difficult. If percutaneous or endoscopic biliary stenting fails, one or more percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) tubes must be maintained in place for the rest of the patient's life. To cope with such difficult situations, we present a surgical technique termed cluster hepaticojejunostomy (HJ), which can be coupled with palliative bile duct resection. The cluster HJ technique consisted of applying multiple internal biliary stents and a single wide porto-enterostomy to surrounding connective tissues. We present a preliminary study with six patients. Five perihilar cholangiocarcinoma patients undergoing palliative bile duct resection received this procedure. Follow-up PTBD tubogram and hepatobiliary scintigraphy were performed at 1-2 weeks after surgery, after which the PTBD tubes were removed. No patient showed surgical complications, and the 6-month patency rate of clustered HJ was 80 %. Another patient with laparoscopic cholecystectomy-associated major bile duct injury showed no biliary complications in the 5-year period following this procedure. Based on the results of this study, the cluster HJ technique may be a useful surgical method enabling the secure reconstruction of severely damaged hilar bile ducts.
Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery 05/2015; 19(8). DOI:10.1007/s11605-015-2844-x · 2.80 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We present a rare case of functional stenosis of the jejunal loop following left hepatectomy and hepaticojejunostomy long after pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy (PPPD), which was successfully managed by balloon dilation. A 70-year-old Korean man had undergone PPPD 6 years before due to 1.8 cm-sized distal bile duct cancer. Sudden onset of obstructive jaundice led to diagnosis of recurrent bile duct cancer mimicking perihilar cholangiocarcinoma of type IIIb. After left portal vein embolization, the patient underwent resection of the left liver and caudate lobe and remnant extrahepatic bile duct. The pre-existing jejunal loop and choledochojejunostomy site were used again for new hepaticojejunostomy. The patient recovered uneventfully, but clamping of the percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) tube resulted in cholangitis. Biliary imaging studies revealed that biliary passage into the afferent jejunal limb was significantly impaired. We performed balloon dilation of the afferent jejunal loop by using a 20 mm-wide balloon. Follow-up hepatobiliary scintigraphy showed gradual improvement in biliary excretion and the PTBD tube was removed at 1 month after balloon dilation. This very unusual condition was regarded as disuse atrophy of the jejunal loop, which was successfully managed by balloon dilation and intraluminal keeping of a large-bore PTBD tube for 1 month.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Both preoperative transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) alone and portal vein embolization (PVE) alone have a detrimental prognostic effect on the post-resection outcomes in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The main objective of this study was to assess the prognostic impact of preoperative TACE on the long-term survival outcomes in patients undergoing preoperative PVE and right liver resection for solitary HCC.
Patients who underwent macroscopic curative right liver resection of solitary HCC that lied between 3.0 and 7.0 cm (n=113) with or without preoperative TACE and PVE were selected for the study, making these subjects were divided into three groups; the TACE-PVE group (n=27), the PVE-alone group (n=13), and the control group (n=73). The subjects in the three groups were followed up for ≥36 months or until death.
The 1-, 3-, 5-, and 10-year overall patient survival rates of all 113 patients were 96.5%, 88.2%, 81.3% and 65.0%, respectively. The 1-, 3-, 5-, and 10-year overall patient survival rates were 96.3%, 83.4%, 83.4% and 47.6% respectively in the TACE-PVE group; 84.6%, 76.9%, 57.7% and 19.2% respectively in the PVE-alone group; and 98.6%, 91.7%, 85.1% and 81.7% respectively in the control group (p=0.047). Patients were also sub-grouped according to tumor size, and those with a tumor of up to cutoff at 5 cm showed no prognostic difference (p=0.774), but tumor size >5 cm was associated with inferior patient survival only in the TACE-PVE group (p=0.018).
Preoperative sequential TACE and PVE appear to be compliant to the conventional oncological concept in addition to induction of the future remnant liver regeneration. Therefore, we suggest that preoperative TACE should be come first whenever preoperative PVE for major hepatectomy is planned, especially in patients with hypervascular HCC tumors.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the outcomes of percutaneous unilateral metallic stent placement in patients with a malignant obstruction of the biliary hila and a contralateral portal vein steno-occlusion.
Sixty patients with a malignant hilar obstruction and unilobar portal vein steno-occlusion caused by tumor invasion or preoperative portal vein embolization were enrolled in this retrospective study from October 2010 to October 2013. All patients were treated with percutaneous placement of a biliary metallic stent, including expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE)-covered stents in 27 patients and uncovered stents in 33 patients.
A total of 70 stents were successfully placed in 60 patients. Procedural-related minor complications, including self-limiting hemobilia (n = 2) and cholangitis (n = 4) occurred in six (10%) patients. Acute cholecystitis occurred in two patients. Successful internal drainage was achieved in 54 (90%) of the 60 patients. According to a Kaplan-Meier analysis, median survival time was 210 days (95% confidence interval [CI], 135-284 days), and median stent patency time was 133 days (95% CI, 94-171 days). No significant difference in stent patency was observed between covered and uncovered stents (p = 0.646). Stent dysfunction occurred in 16 (29.6%) of 54 patients after a mean of 159 days (range, 65-321 days).
Unilateral placement of ePTFE-covered and uncovered stents in the hepatic lobe with a patent portal vein is a safe and effective method for palliative treatment of patients with a contralateral portal vein steno-occlusion caused by an advanced hilar malignancy or portal vein embolization. No significant difference in stent patency was detected between covered and uncovered metallic stents.
Korean journal of radiology: official journal of the Korean Radiological Society 05/2015; 16(3):586-92. DOI:10.3348/kjr.2015.16.3.586 · 1.57 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the association of need for early relaparotomy with clinical outcomes after elective open repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs).
A total of 292 consecutive patients who underwent elective open AAA repair at Asan Medical Center from January 2001 to December 2010 were included in this study, and we compared the demographics, clinical characteristics, related risk factors, and clinical outcomes of early relaparotomy versus nonrelaparotomy patients.
The incidence of early relaparotomy during a single hospital stay was 4.1% (n = 12), and the most common causes were bowel ischemia (n = 5, 41.7%) and postoperative bleeding (n = 3, 25.0%). Among the demographics and clinical characteristics significantly associated with relaparotomy were: age (P = 0.025), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (P = 0.010), number of RBC units transfused during the AAA repair (P = 0.022) and in the following week (P = 0.005), and length of intensive care (P < 0.001) and overall hospital stay (P < 0.001). On multivariate analysis, presence of COPD (P = 0.009) and number of RBC units transfused during the AAA repair (P = 0.006) were statistically significantly associated with relaparotomy. Furthermore, early relaparotomy was associated with perioperative (within 30 days) (P = 0.048) and overall in-hospital mortality (P = 0.001).
Early relaparotomy has an adverse effect on clinical outcomes: increased mortality and hospital length of stay. Presence of COPD and need for RBC transfusion are associated with early relaparotomy.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research 03/2015; 88(3):160-5. DOI:10.4174/astr.2015.88.3.160
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of trans-catheter arterial embolization (TAE) with N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate (NBCA), with or without other embolic materials for acute nonvariceal gastrointestinal tract bleeding, and to determine the factors associated with clinical outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS. TAE using NBCA only or in conjunction with other materials was performed for 102 patients (80 male and 22 female patients; mean age, 61.3 years) with acute nonvariceal gastrointestinal tract bleeding. Technical success, clinical success, and clinical factors, including age, sex, bleeding tendency, endoscopic attempts at hemostasis, number of transfusions, and bleeding causes (i.e., cancer vs noncancer), were retrospectively evaluated. Univariate and multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed to evaluate clinical factors and their ability to predict patient outcomes. Survival curves were obtained using Kaplan-Meier analyses and log-rank tests. RESULTS. There were 36 patients with cancer-related bleeding and 66 with non-cancer-related bleeding. Overall technical and clinical success rates were 100% (102/102) and 76.5% (78/102), respectively. Procedure-related complications included bowel infarction, which was noted in two patients. Recurrent bleeding and bleeding-related 30-day mortality rates were 15.7% (16/102) and 8.8% (9/102), respectively. Cancer-related bleeding increased clinical failure significantly (p = 0.003) and bleeding-related 30-day mortality with marginal significance (p = 0.05). Overall survival was poorer in patients with cancer-related bleeding. CONCLUSION. TAE with NBCA with or without other embolic agents showed high technical and clinical effectiveness in the management of acute nonvariceal gastrointestinal tract bleeding. Cancer-related bleeding was the only factor related to clinical failure, and possibly related to bleeding-related 30-day mortality.
American Journal of Roentgenology 03/2015; 204(3):662-8. DOI:10.2214/AJR.14.12683 · 2.73 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Endovascular stenting is accepted as an effective treatment for patients with Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS). We herein present a case of successful endovascular treatment. A 46-year-old woman, who was followed up for 10 years after a diagnosis of BCS, showed progression progressive of liver cirrhosis and deterioration deteriorated of liver function. Three main hepatic veins were thrombosed with complete occlusion of the suprahepatic of the inferior vena cava (IVC); thus, hepatic venous blood flow was draining into the inferior right hepatic veins through the intrahepatic collaterals and passed passing through the subcutaneous venous collaterals. She underwent endovascular stenting of the IVC for palliation. A septoplasty needle was passed through the occluded IVC through into the internal jugular vein access and then to access the femoral vein using a snare wire. Severe elastic recoiling was observed after balloon dilatation; thus, a 28×80 mm stenting was done inserted across the occlusion, and repeat double ballooning was performed. The final venogram shows showed restored IVC inflow. The patient began to lose body weight 1 day after stenting, and edema disappeared within 1 week. She is was doing well at the 6 month follow-up visit with nearly normal liver function and marked resolution of cutaneous venous engorgement. In conclusion, endovascular stenting appeared to be an effective treatment to alleviate portal pressure and to prevent BCS-associated complications; thus, endovascular stenting should be considered before marked hepatic vein stenosis or complete occlusion occurs in patients with BCS.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The present study aimed to evaluate the risk factors and the role of graft material in the development of an acute phase systemic inflammatory response, and the clinical outcome in patients who undergo endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) or open surgical repair (OSR) of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA).
We retrospectively evaluated the risk factors and the role of graft material in an increased risk of developing systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), and the clinical outcome in patients who underwent EVAR or OSR of an AAA.
A total of 308 consecutive patients who underwent AAA repair were included; 178 received EVAR and 130 received OSR. There was no significant difference in the incidence of SIRS between EVAR patients and OSR patients. Regardless of treatment modality, SIRS was observed more frequently in patients treated with woven polyester grafts. Postoperative hospitalization was significantly prolonged in patients that experienced SIRS. In multivariate analyses, the initial white blood cell count (P = 0.001) and the use of woven polyester grafts (P = 0.005) were significantly associated with an increased risk of developing SIRS in patients who underwent EVAR. By contrast, the use of woven polyester grafts was the only factor associated with an increased risk of developing SIRS in patients who underwent OSR, although this was not statistically significant (P = 0.052).
The current study shows that the graft composition plays a primordial role in the development of SIRS, and it leads to prolonged hospitalization in both EVAR and OSR patients.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research 01/2015; 88(1):21-7. DOI:10.4174/astr.2015.88.1.21
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background:
A double stent system (covered stent in uncovered stent) was designed to provide long-term patency without tumor ingrowth or stent-related complications, such as stent migration, cholecystitis, or pancreatitis.
To investigate the safety and efficacy of double stents in patients with malignant extrahepatic biliary obstructions.
Material and methods:
This prospective, nonrandomized, multicenter study enrolled 160 consecutive patients (102 men; mean age, 64 years; range, 33-91 years) with malignant extrahepatic biliary obstructions treated with a double stent system from January 2010 to March 2012.
The technical success rate of the double stent placement was 100%. No stent migration was observed. Procedure-related minor (self-limiting hemobilia [n = 6] and cholangitis [n = 2]) and major (pancreatitis [n = 16], cholecystitis [n = 3], and hepatic abscess [n = 2]) complications occurred in a total of 29 patients. The mean serum bilirubin level, which was 8.9 ± 5.6 mg/dL before drainage, decreased to 2.2 ± 4.6 mg/dL 1 month after stent placement (P < 0.001). Successful internal drainage was achieved in 148 patients (92.5%). During the mean follow-up period of 205 days, acute cholecystitis (n = 3) and hepatic abscess (n = 2) occurred in five patients. The median patient survival and stent patency time were 135 days (95% confidence interval [CI], 96-160 days) and 114 days (95% CI, 83-131 days), respectively. Of 153 patients, 22 (14.4%) presented with stent dysfunction due to sludge incrustation (n = 17), tumor overgrowth (n = 4), or blood clot (n = 1), and required repeat intervention. Tumor ingrowth was not observed in any of these patients.
Percutaneous treatment of malignant extrahepatic biliary obstruction using a double stent safely and effectively achieves internal biliary drainage.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background:
Although dysfunctional radiocephalic arteriovenous fistulas (RCAVFs) are typically treated surgically, the endovascular approach is also considered suitable. The aim of this retrospective study was to compare the cumulative patency rates following surgical and endovascular salvaging of dysfunctional RCAVFs, and to evaluate whether the maturity of vascular access sites at the time of treatment influenced the outcomes.
A total of 60 patients underwent surgical or endovascular salvage treatment for juxta-anastomotic stenosis of autogenous wrist RCAVFs: 35 patients underwent proximal neo-anastomosis and 25 underwent percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA).
Clinical and anatomical success rates were, respectively, 100% and 97.1% in the surgery group, and 100% and 96.0% in the angioplasty group (P = 0.81). The post-treatment restenosis rate was higher in the angioplasty group (n = 11, 46.0%) than in the surgery group (n = 8, 22.8%), without reaching statistical significance (P = 0.15). In a Kaplan-Meier analysis, the primary and assisted primary patency rates were significantly higher in the surgery group (P = 0.036 and P = 0.026, respectively), but there was no significant difference in secondary patency rates between the groups (P = 0.52). When stratified by RCAVF maturity at the time of treatment, no significant difference was noted in primary patency rates between the treatment groups. After adjusting for other variables, the relative risk of restenosis was significantly higher in the angioplasty group (hazard ratio 2.56; 95% confidence interval 1.02-6.46; P = 0.046).
Post-treatment primary and assisted primary patency rates after proximal neo-anastomosis were significantly higher than after PTA, and RCAVF maturity did not influence the outcomes.
Annals of Vascular Surgery 07/2014; 28(8). DOI:10.1016/j.avsg.2014.06.060 · 1.17 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective
To evaluate the safety and efficacy of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) in patients with infiltrative hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and to identify the prognostic factors associated with patient survival.
Materials and Methods
Fifty two patients who underwent TACE for infiltrative HCC were evaluated between 2007 and 2010. The maximum diameter of the tumors ranged from 7 cm to 22 cm (median 15 cm). Of 46 infiltrative HCC patients with portal vein tumor thrombosis, 32 patients received adjuvant radiation therapy for portal vein tumor thrombosis after TACE.
The tumor response by European Association for the Study of the Liver criteria was partial in 18%, stable in 47%, and progressive in 35% of the patients. The median survival time was 5.7 months (Kaplan-Meier analysis). The survival rates were 48% at six months, 25% at one year, and 12% at two years. In the multivariable Cox regression analysis, Child-Pugh class (p = 0.02), adjuvant radiotherapy (p = 0.003) and tumor response after TACE (p = 0.004) were significant factors associated with patient survival. Major complications occurred in nine patients. The major complication rate was significantly higher in patients with Child-Pugh B than in patients with Child-Pugh A (p = 0.049, χ2 test).
Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization can be a safe treatment option in infiltrative HCC patients with Child Pugh class A. Child Pugh class A, radiotherapy for portal vein tumor thrombosis after TACE and tumor response are good prognostic factors for an increased survival after TACE in patients with infiltrative HCCs.
Korean journal of radiology: official journal of the Korean Radiological Society 07/2014; 15(4):464-71. DOI:10.3348/kjr.2014.15.4.464 · 1.57 Impact Factor