Shigeaki Higashiyama

Osaka City University, Ōsaka-shi, Osaka-fu, Japan

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Publications (33)55.43 Total impact

  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We report a 47-year-old man in whom Tc human serum albumin diethylene-triamine-pentaacetic acid protein-losing scintigraphy, performed with SPECT/CT, was useful for diagnosing Ménétrier disease. Planar images taken 1 and 3 hours after radioactive isotope injection yielded a suspicion that the stomach was the site of protein loss in this case. However, the protein loss from the stomach was precisely diagnosed after SPECT/CT was performed; this helped to diagnose Ménétrier disease.
    Clinical nuclear medicine 03/2014; · 3.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding scintigraphy in combination with single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT) remains to be studied in detail. This study aimed to examine the diagnostic ability of this tool. GI bleeding scintigraphy using (99m)Tc-human serum albumin-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid was performed for 38 patients with suspected GI bleeding. Twenty-four patients were diagnosed using planar images alone (planar group) and 14 patients were diagnosed using planar images and additional SPECT/CT images (planar + SPECT/CT group). The diagnostic ability of each method was analyzed. GI bleeding was observed in 20 of the 38 patients. For the existence of GI bleeding, planar images alone showed a sensitivity of 70%, specificity of 93%, positive predictive value (PPV) of 88%, negative predictive value (NPV) of 81%, and an overall accuracy of 83%, whereas planar images + SPECT/CT showed a sensitivity of 100%, specificity of 75%, PPV of 91%, NPV of 100%, and an overall accuracy of 93%. The source of bleeding was accurately diagnosed in 50% in the planar group and 78% in the planar + SPECT/CT group. In the planar + SPECT/CT group, 44% of the evaluable patients showed correct localization of the source of GI bleeding by additional SPECT/CT images, although planar images only showed incorrect localization. GI bleeding scintigraphy in combination with SPECT/CT is a noninvasive and useful tool for the examination of GI bleeding.
    Abdominal Imaging 03/2014; · 1.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background:Congenital porto-systemic shunt (CPSS) has the potential to cause hepatic encephalopathy thus needs long-term follow-up, but an effective follow-up method has not been established. We aimed to evaluate the importance of per-rectal portal scintigraphy (PRPS) for long-term follow-up of CPSS.Methods:We retrospectively examined shunt-severity time course in patients (median 9.6y, 5.2-16.6) with intrahepatic (n=3) or extrahepatic (n=3) CPSS by using blood tests, ultrasonography or computed tomography (CT), and PRPS. Per-rectal portal shunt index (SI, cut-off 10%) was calculated by PRPS.Results:PRPS demonstrated the initial SI reduced in all intrahepatic cases from 39.7±9.8% (mean±SD) to 14.6±4.7% and also reduced in all extrahepatic cases from 46.2±10.9% to 27.5±12.6% during follow-up period. However, ultrasonography and CT disclosed the different shunt diameter time course between intrahepatic and extrahepatic CPSS. Initial shunt diameter (5.8±3.5mm) reduced to 2.0±0.3mm in intrahepatic cases, but the initial diameter (6.3±0.7mm) increased to 10.6±1.0mm in extrahepatic cases. All patients had elevated serum total bile acid or ammonia levels at initial screening, but these blood parameters were insufficient to assess shunt severity because the values fluctuate.Conclusions:PRPS can track changes in the shunt-severity of CPSS and is more reliable than ultrasonography and CT in patients with extrahepatic CPSS.Pediatric Research (2014); doi:10.1038/pr.2014.11.
    Pediatric Research 01/2014; · 2.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We evaluated the efficacy of (99m)Tc-MIBI SPECT/CT for planning parathyroidectomy in cases with primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT), comparing with planar scintigraphy and US, in an aim to establish the proper surgical strategy according to the preoperative imaging studies. A retrospective review of consecutive 75 pHPT patients who had been operated on was conducted. The results of preoperative imaging modalities and the operative finding were analyzed. Seven cases were found to have multiple hyperplastic glands, and no responsible gland was found in three cases. Four cases underwent only US scan for preoperative imaging. Remaining 61 cases were found to have single adenoma, and were included in the evaluation of localization imaging. US scan, (99m)Tc-MIBI planar scan and (99m)Tc-MIBI SPECT/CT showed accurate localization in 77.0% (47/61), 75.4% (46/61) and 88.5% (46/52) of the evaluable cases, respectively. US and (99m)Tc-MIBI planar scan demonstrated consistent result in 42 cases (68.9%), and those cases showed accurate localization in 90.5% (38/42). When both US and (99m)Tc-MIBI SPECT/CT was consistent, all 37 lesions had been correctly indicated. No clinico-pathological features were suggested to influence in demonstrating the localization, other than only (99m)Tc-MIBI SPECT/CT exhibited 100% sensitivity in ectopic glands. Combination of US and (99m)Tc-MIBI SPECT/CT certainly contributes to the planning of minimally invasive operation in cases with pHPT by indicating correct localization of single adenoma.
    Endocrine Journal 12/2013; · 2.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study is to improve the image quality using a post process rather than a correction process at acquisition time. We used a smoothing filter that is widely used on a compact digital camera. Especially for nuclear medicine, when we use a short acquisition time, we will get images that have a large increase in statistical noise. For those images, we validated the efficiency of the smoothing filter by assessing two characteristic parameters. In addition, we defined the best smoothing filter parameters to get stable images that reduced the influence of statistical noise.
    Nippon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai zasshi 12/2013; 69(12):1363-71.
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    ABSTRACT: Delayed gastric emptying, including gastroparesis, is a common complication in diabetes mellitus. The association between delayed gastric emptying and overall diabetic complications remains to be studied in detail. We analysed this association. We performed gastric emptying scintigraphy of (99m) Tc-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid in 34 patients with diabetes to measure the gastric emptying half-times (T1/2) of the whole stomach (WS), proximal stomach (PS) and distal stomach (DS). We assessed T1/2, diabetic-related factors and complications. The prevalence of autonomic neuropathy was higher in the group with delayed T1/2 of the WS than in the normal group. Analysis of intima-media thickness (IMT) and ankle brachial pressure index (ABI), which are risk indicators for vascular disorder, showed that IMT of the carotid bulb was greater in the group with delayed T1/2 of the WS than in the normal group (2·41 mm [1·50-2·81] versus 1·40 mm [0·81-2·08], P = 0·015). T1/2 of the WS correlated positively with IMT of the carotid bulb (r = 0·391, P = 0·027) and negatively with ABI (r = -0·389, P = 0·028). These correlations were mainly attributed to PS and were the same in patients without autonomic neuropathy. In seven of nine patients who received scintigraphy again after diabetic treatment, glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) levels decreased and T1/2 of the WS shortened compared with before treatment. Vascular disorder, among other cofactors such as autonomic neuropathy, could be involved in the pathophysiology of delayed gastric emptying. Medium- to long-term glycaemic control was associated with gastric emptying.
    Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging 08/2013; · 1.33 Impact Factor
  • Joji Kawabe, Shigeaki Higashiyama, Susumu Shiomi
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    ABSTRACT: Tc-hydroxymethylene diphosphonate is not directly to Calcium of the bone matrix, but is binding to hydroxyapatite within the bone matrix. Strontium-89 is a member of family II A of the periodic table, same as Calcium, and is incorporated into bone matrix directly. It is very important that the the regions of the pain from bone metastases are present in the site of the abnormal uptake by bone metastases.
    Clinical calcium 03/2013; 23(3):385-90.
  • Kohei Kotani, Joji Kawabe, Shigeaki Higashiyama, Susumu Shiomi
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    ABSTRACT: We describe the case of chylothorax after esophagectomy for esophageal carcinoma. Lymphoscintigraphy with Tc-99m-human serum albumin-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid showed an abnormal radioisotope accumulation on the left side of the thoracic duct. Single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) combined with computed tomography (CT) revealed a hot spot directly on the site at, which the thoracic duct was ligated during surgery, which was the suggested site of chyle leakage. We emphasize that lymphoscintigraphy with SPECT/CT is very useful tool for accurately identifying the site of the chyle leakage.
    Indian journal of nuclear medicine : IJNM : the official journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India. 07/2012; 27(3):208-9.
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    ABSTRACT: F-18 FDG PET/CT has been widely used to diagnose primary tumors and lymph node metastases and to evaluate the response of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) to therapy. The advantage of using PET/CT is that this combination allows metabolic information to be precisely overlapped with anatomical information, thereby improving the identification of sites with an abnormal accumulation of F-18 FDG. The role of FDG PET/CT in the therapeutic evaluation (such as in treatment planning, the therapeutic response, and the surveillance and examination of HNSCC patients) is discussed in this manuscript. When evaluating the post-treatment outcome via FDG PET/CT, it is important to exclude the post-treatment inflammation-related increase in glucose metabolism in lymph nodes, salivary gland, muscles, and soft tissues. The influence of inflammation can be eliminated if PET/CT is performed after 12 weeks, by which time post-treatment inflammation subsides. Further, FDG PET/CT affords a high negative predictive value. Based on the results of an FDG PET/CT test, some invasive tests that are performed to detect recurrence can be omitted.
    Japanese journal of radiology 04/2012; 30(6):463-70. · 0.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Donepezil hydrochloride (Donepezil) is an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor (AChEI) that is used for the symptomatic treatment of Dementia of the Alzheimer's Type (DAT). Recently, the effects of AChEI in patients with DAT have been investigated using positron emission tomography (PET) or single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). This study is to evaluate the usefulness of fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-PET in assessing the therapeutic response of Donepezil to DAT using Regions of Interest (ROI) analysis. The participants included eleven outpatients diagnosed as having DAT according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV). The patients were performed FDG-PET before initiating Donepezil therapy and after 12 weeks of medication. Cognitive change was measured using the Japanese version of the Alzheimer's disease Assessment Scale cognitive subscale (ADAS-J cog) and the group was divided into Responders and Non-responders based on these results. We used FDG-PET to investigate glucose metabolism of the brain and measured FDG uptake in the ROI set in each lobe of the brain. Then the ratios of the post-treatment uptake to pre-treatment uptake were determined. In the Responders, the mean ratios in the frontal, temporal, occipital, parietal, and temporoparietal lobes were 2.18, 1.62, 1.15, 1.12, and 1.09 respectively. The mean ratios of the Non-responders were 0.69, 0.88, 0.75, 0.98, and 0.68 respectively. Significant differences were found between the ratios of the Responders and Non-responders in the frontal and occipital lobes (p < 0.05). These findings suggest that FDG-PET could be useful for the evaluation for monitoring response to Donepezil.
    Osaka city medical journal 06/2011; 57(1):11-9.
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    ABSTRACT: Depressive symptoms are common in patients with dementia of Alzheimer type (DAT) and contribute to clinical morbidity. Previous studies have suggested that hypoperfusion in the prefrontal cortex and anterior cingulate gyrus are involved in the pathophysiology of depression in DAT. Using 3-D stereotactic region of interest (ROI) template (3DSRT), fully automated ROI analysis software, the purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between depressive symptoms and regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in DAT. Technetium-99m-ethyl cysteinate dimer ((99m)Tc-ECD) single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and Japanese version of the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) were carried out in 35 patients diagnosed as having mild-moderate DAT according to DSM-IV. These patients were divided into the depressive group (D group: n = 17) and non-depressive group (ND group: n = 18) using the NPI depression items. All data from SPECT images were analyzed using 3DSRT software. On 3DSRT the perfusion ratios (rCBF of bilateral callosomarginal, precentral, central, parietal, angular, temporal, posterior cerebral, pericallosal, lenticular nucleus, thalamus and hippocampus/cerebellar hemisphere) of each segment were compared between the D group and the ND group. The perfusion ratios of the left callosomarginal segment for the D group were significantly lower (P < 0.05) than those of the ND group. Hypoperfusion in the left frontal cortex contributes to the expression of depressive symptoms in patients with DAT.
    Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences 06/2010; 64(3):293-8. · 2.04 Impact Factor
  • Clinical Neurophysiology - CLIN NEUROPHYSIOL. 01/2010; 121.
  • Clinical nuclear medicine 03/2009; 34(2):99-102. · 3.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In bone scintigraphy, abnormal RI accumulation in ossified thyroid cartilage is often noted. However, because similar accumulation is also seen in tumor-involved cartilage, distinction between these two lesions is sometimes difficult. We examined the differences in RI accumulation by ossification of the thyroid cartilage and cartilage invasion with anterior, posterior, and oblique views of bone scintigraphy in this study. This study included 120 patients (104 men, 16 women; mean age 67.8 +/- 9.6 years; range 48-90 years) with laryngeal or lower pharyngeal carcinoma. The patients had exhibited abnormal accumulation of RI on thyroid cartilage on bone scintigraphy between February 1999 and March 2007. We evaluated accumulation of thyroid cartilage in the anterior, posterior, and oblique views on bone scintigraphy. The presence/absence of tumor invasion of the thyroid cartilage was checked by comparing the findings of enhanced computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as well as evaluating operative records. RI accumulation in thyroid cartilage was divided into four types (diffuse accumulation, intense diffuse accumulation, slight inhomogeneous accumulation, and intense inhomogeneous accumulation). Tumor invasion of thyroid cartilage was noted in 2 of the 42 patients with diffuse accumulation, 1 of the 18 patients with intense diffuse accumulation, 1 of the 38 patients with slight inhomogeneous accumulation, and 17 of 22 patients with intense inhomogeneous accumulation. Because the degree of tumor invasion was highest in cases in which bone scintigraphy revealed intense inhomogeneous accumulation of RI in the thyroid cartilage, we judged this pattern of RI accumulation to be an indicator of tumor invasion. When diagnosis was based on this criterion, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy were 77%, 96%, and 93%, respectively (P < 0.0001, Chi-square test). The findings of this study suggest that ossification of thyroid cartilage can be distinguished from tumor-involved thyroid cartilage on the basis of the pattern of abnormal RI accumulation in the thyroid cartilage in patients with head/neck cancer.
    Annals of Nuclear Medicine 01/2009; 23(1):43-8. · 1.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) using gallium (Ga) has been frequently used for diagnosing head and neck tumors in patients. Although the usefulness of Ga-SPECT is well known, the degree of the increase in diagnostic ability with Ga-SPECT for head and neck tumors has not been reported. We compared the ability of the planar images of Ga scintigraphy, SPECT images of Ga scintigraphy, and CT images to diagnose head and neck primary tumors and neck metastases. The subjects of this study were 167 patients with malignant head/neck lesions. For Ga scintigraphy, Ga-67-citrate (74 MBq) was injected via a cubital vein. Planar and SPECT images were taken 72 h after the Ga-67-citrate injection. The rate of detection of the primary lesions was compared first between SPECT and planar images then between SPECT and CT images. The rate of detection for each stage of disease according to the TNM classification was also analyzed. The rate of detection of primary lesions was 50% with planar imaging and 69% with SPECT. And similarly, regarding the rate of detection of lymph node metastases, there was a significant difference between planar imaging and SPECT. The rate of detection of primary lesions was 70% for both CT and SPECT. At T stage, the rates of detection of primary lesions with each imaging technique were 11% with planar imaging and 39% with SPECT, and 22% with CT for stage T1. This study revealed the marked superiority of SPECT images over planar images in terms of the ability to detect primary tumors and tumor metastasis to cervical lymph nodes. Furthermore, the primary T1 tumor detection rate of SPECT images was higher than that of CT images. On the basis of these results, the concomitant use of SPECT is highly recommended when Ga scintigraphy is performed to check for malignant head/neck tumors.
    Annals of Nuclear Medicine 06/2008; 22(4):297-300. · 1.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A contrast-enhanced mass was revealed by computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging in the left pelvic cavity of a 71-year-old man. Although the mass appeared to be a cavernous hemangioma, malignancy could not be ruled out. Abdominal angiography was performed but failed to rule out malignancy because it revealed vascular dislocation and encasement. (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) was then performed, and suggested a benign tumor, with a standardized uptake value (SUV) of 1.7. Following this finding, because the tumor was large and rupture could not be ruled out, we decided to perform surgery. The resected tumor was a benign cavernous hemangioma, consistent with the result obtained by FDG-PET.
    Annals of Nuclear Medicine 06/2008; 22(4):327-30. · 1.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of PET with l-methyl-(11)C-methionine ((11)C-MET) for the differentiation of recurrent brain tumors from radiation necrosis. Seventy-seven patients who had been previously treated with radiotherapy after primary treatment for metastatic brain tumor (n=51) or glioma (n=26) were studied to clarify the diagnostic performance of (11)C-MET PET in differentiating between recurrent brain tumors and radiation necrosis. A total of 88 PET scans with (11)C-MET were obtained; sometimes more than one scan was obtained when there was an indication of recurrent brain tumor or radiation necrosis. A definitive diagnosis was made on the basis of pathologic examination for recurrent brain tumors and on the basis of pathologic examination or clinical course for radiation necrosis. Several indices characterizing the lesions were determined; these included mean and maximum standardized uptake values (SUV(mean) and SUV(max), respectively) and the ratios of lesion uptake to contralateral normal frontal-lobe gray matter uptake corresponding to the SUV(mean) and the SUV(max) (L/N(mean) and L/N(max), respectively). Receiver-operating-characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to determine the optimal index of (11)C-MET PET and cutoff values for the differential diagnosis of tumor recurrence and radiation necrosis. The values of each index of (11)C-MET PET tended to be higher for tumor recurrence than for radiation necrosis. There were significant differences between tumor recurrence and radiation necrosis in all of the indices except for the L/N(max) for glioma. ROC analysis indicated that the L/N(mean) was the most informative index for differentiating between tumor recurrence and radiation necrosis. An L/N(mean) of greater than 1.41 provided the best sensitivity and specificity for metastatic brain tumor (79% and 75%, respectively), and an L/N(mean) of greater than 1.58 provided the best sensitivity and specificity for glioma (75% and 75%, respectively). (11)C-MET PET can provide quantitative values to aid in the differentiation of tumor recurrence from radiation necrosis, although these values do not appear to be absolute indicators. Quantitative analysis of (11)C-MET PET data may be helpful in managing irradiated brain tumors.
    Journal of Nuclear Medicine 06/2008; 49(5):694-9. · 5.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Depressive symptoms are common in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and contribute to clinical morbidity. Previous studies have suggested that hypoperfusion in the prefrontal cortex and anterior cingulate gyrus are involved in the pathophysiology of depression. Using the easy Z-score imaging system (eZIS), we investigated the relationship between depressive symptoms and prefrontal hypoperfusion in AD. Tc-99m-ethyl cysteinate dimer (Tc-99m-ECD)-single photon emission tomography (SPECT) and Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) were performed in forty-four patients diagnosed as having Dementia of Alzheimer's type (DAT) with the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV). These patients were divided into the depressive group (D group: n = 26) and non-depressive group (ND group: n = 18) using NPI depression items. All data from SPECT images were analyzed using eZIS software. Scores in four regions were determined by Z-values; these regions consisted of each side of the prefrontal cortex and anterior cingulate gyrus. The mean scores between the D group and ND group were compared. The mean scores of the left prefrontal cortex in the D group were significantly higher (p < 0.0125) than those in the ND group. There were no significant differences in the scores of the right prefrontal cortex and the bilateral anterior cingulate gyrus between these two groups (Mann–Whitney U-test). These findings suggest that hypoperfusion in the left prefrontal area contributes to the expression of depressive symptoms in patients with DAT.
    Neuroscience Letters. 01/2008;
  • Clinical Nuclear Medicine 12/2007; 32(11):889-90. · 2.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The extrapancreatic bile duct lesions in autoimmune pancreatitis are termed sclerosing cholangitis (SC with AIP), which is known to complicate AIP somewhat more frequently than other extrapancreatic lesions. In cases of SC with AIP, differentiation from primary SC, pancreatic cancer, and bile duct cancer is often difficult. In our patient, pancreatic cancer had to be ruled out at admission, given the findings of obstructive jaundice, pancreatic duct stenosis, and swelling of the pancreas. Fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography was useful in checking for the presence of extrapancreatic lesions, including SC, and was also useful in the evaluation of the response to steroid therapy for following the course of AIP.
    Annals of Nuclear Medicine 07/2007; 21(4):223-8. · 1.41 Impact Factor