Jiansen Sun

Third Military Medical University, Ch’ung-ch’ing-shih, Chongqing Shi, China

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Publications (8)26.23 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The patency rate of small-diameter tissue-engineered blood vessels is the determinant for their application in coronary artery bypass grafting. The coronary artery is innervated by vagus nerves. The origin of vagus nerves is rich in brain-derived neurotrophic factors (BDNF). We have investigated whether BDNF could improve the patency rate of small-diameter tissue-engineered blood vessels through promoting stem cell homing and paracrine activity. In vitro, we isolated early and late endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and found BDNF could promote single clone formation and paracrine function of EPCs, and could also induce the proliferation, migration and differentiation of late EPCs. BDNF could enhance the capturing of EPCs in parallel-plate flow chamber. Flow cytometric analysis and laser-scanning confocal microscope showed BDNF could enhance the mobilization and homing of C57BL/6 mouse EPCs after wire injury. Based on it, BDNF was coupled to the lumen surface of the blood vessel matrix material incubated with collagen through SPDP to construct BDNF-modified small-diameter tissue-engineered blood vessel. The blood vessel patency rate was significantly higher than that of control group 8 weeks after implantation in rats and the endothelialization level was superior to control. These results demonstrate that BDNF can effectively improve patency of small-diameter tissue-engineered blood vessels through stem cell homing and paracrine, and it is expected to play an important role in the construction of substitutes for coronary artery bypass grafting.
    Biomaterials 01/2012; 33(2):473-84. · 8.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) mobilization and homing are critical to the development of an anti-thrombosis and anti-stenosis tissue-engineered blood vessel. The growth and activation of blood vessels are supported by nerves. We investigated whether nerve growth factors (NGF) can promote EPCs mobilization and endothelialization of tissue-engineered blood vessels. In vitro, NGF promoted EPCs to form more colonies, stimulated human EPCs to differentiate into endothelial cells, and significantly enhanced EPCs migration. Flow cytometric analysis revealed that NGF treatment increased the number of EPCs in the peripheral circulation of C57BL/6 mice. Furthermore, the treatment of human EPCs with NGF facilitated their homing into wire-injured carotid arteries after injection into mice. Decellularized rat blood vessel matrix was incubated with EDC cross-linked collagen and bound to NGF protein using the bifunctional coupling agent N-succinmidyl3-(2-pyridyldit-hio) propionate (SPDP). The NGF-bound tissue-engineered blood vessel was implanted into rat carotid artery for 1 week and 1 month. NGF-bound blood vessels possessed significantly higher levels of endothelialization and patency than controls did. These results demonstrated that NGF can markedly increase EPCs mobilization and homing to vascular grafts. Neurotrophic factors such as NGF have a therapeutic potential for the construction of tissue-engineered blood vessels in vivo.
    Biomaterials 01/2010; · 8.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine if A20, a zinc finger protein that mediates the inflammatory response, affects monocyte-endothelial cell-cell interactions induced by low shear flow. Primary cultured endothelial cells (EC) were transfected with an A20 expression vector, and the VCAM-1, ICAM-1 and IL-8 mRNA, and protein expression levels in A20-transfected EC lysates were checked by PCR array and ELISA, respectively. CD14-positive monocyte migration toward and adhesion to EC were measured using a parallel plate flow chamber. Low shear stress, defined as 0.2 Pa for 6 h, normally increases VCAM-1, ICAM-1 and IL-8 expression in EC and allows for binding of monocytes to EC. We found that overexpression of A20 in EC inhibits their normal expression of VCAM-1, ICAM-1 and IL-8 under low shear stress conditions. We also found that A20 inhibits IkappaBalpha degradation in EC following low shear stress exposure and that it attenuates the rolling and EC adhesive properties of shear-induced monocytes as compared with untransfected control EC. The results demonstrate that A20 overexpression in EC inhibits low shear flow-induced monocyte-EC interactions. These findings may be useful in the development of therapeutic agents aimed at treating chronic inflammatory diseases like atherosclerosis.
    Biorheology 02/2009; 46(1):21-30. · 1.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate whether decellularized vascular tissues and A20-regulated endothelial progenitor cells can be used for constructing a transgenic tissue-engineered blood vessel with anti-atherosclerotic vascular stenotic properties. A20 gene-transfected endothelial progenitor cells differentiated endothelial cells and smooth muscle cells attached to and migrated into the decellularized porcine vascular scaffolding in a bioreactor. The histology of the conduits revealed viable and layered tissue. Scanning electron microscopy showed confluent, homogeneous tissue surfaces. The mechanical strength of the pulsed constructs was similar to that of the human artery. In vivo, the A20 gene-transfected tissue-engineered blood vessels were transplanted into the carotid artery of a rat for 6 months. Blood vessel xenotransplantation caused hyperacute rejection; all transplanted control blood vessels were completely rejected, but A20-transfected tissue-engineered blood vessels demonstrated good flow on implantation, and remained open for 6 months postoperatively, as assessed by Doppler. The HE stain demonstrated that the vessels were patent, without evidence of stenosis or dilatation after 6 months. These results demonstrate that transgenic tissue-engineered blood vessels have long-term patency and unique anti-stenotic properties.
    Biomaterials 07/2008; 29(17):2628-36. · 8.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, we prepared the acellular bone matrix of the inbred-line Banna mini-pig by using tissue engineering method and evaluated its possible application in bone tissue engineering. Histological analysis, xenoantigen expression and biomechanical measurement were performed on the matrix. HE staining and scanning electron microscopy showed the cellular components were almost removed. Immunohischemical result demonstrated that the xenoantigen, alpha-gal,was also eliminated. There was no statistically significant difference between the acellular bone matrix group and control group. The acellular bone matrix can provide appropriate space structure and strength for grafts. In conclusion, our data suggest that acellular bone matrix is a new kind of ideal bone scaffold material.
    Sheng wu yi xue gong cheng xue za zhi = Journal of biomedical engineering = Shengwu yixue gongchengxue zazhi 07/2006; 23(3):551-5.
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    ABSTRACT: This study sought to explore the change of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) antigen expression and the endothelization of blood vessel in minor pig after trypsin treatment, and to provide data for xenotransplantation and pig vessel for use in tissue engineering. Western blot assays were conducted for detecting the expression of MHC xenoantigens. Scanning electron microscopy was used for checking the endothelization of decellularized blood vessel. The results showed that MHC antigen is not expressed after trypsin treatment. The endothelization is accomplished. The endothelial cells have normal morphological distribution. These demonstrate that the antigen of pig aorta is significantly decreased and it can be used for constructing new vascular grafts.
    Sheng wu yi xue gong cheng xue za zhi = Journal of biomedical engineering = Shengwu yixue gongchengxue zazhi 03/2004; 21(1):51-3.
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the changes of the antigen expression and the biomechanical characteristics of blood vessel in Banna little ear pig before and after trypsin treatment, and provide data for xenotransplantation and pig vessel using for tissue engineering. Geometric morphology and microstructure of pig cartoid artery were stuided quantitatively by histologic method and computer image analysis. The relationship between pressure and diameter was observed at different period of time before and after trypsin treatment. Affinity-immunohistochemistry assay was conducted to detect the expression of xenoantigens (alpha-Gal). The results showed that alpha-Gal antigen is only expressed in vascular endothelial cellsouly. There is no significant difference in blood vessel compliance. These demonstrate that the antigenicity of pig carotid artery is significantly reduced, however, the mechanical characteristics did not change significantly. We suppose that pig vessels treated by trypsin can be used as the substrate material for vascular tissue engineering.
    Sheng wu yi xue gong cheng xue za zhi = Journal of biomedical engineering = Shengwu yixue gongchengxue zazhi 01/2003; 19(4):602-5.
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the diagnostic value of MRI and SPECT in early postburn brain edema in severely burned dogs. Twenty-six mongrel dogs were randomized into control (n = 6) and burned groups in which every 5 dogs were allotted to each of following time points: 6, 12, 18 and 24 postburn hours (PBHs). The dogs in burn groups were inflicted with 50% TBSA of III degree skin burn and were infused with 5% glucose solution after 6 PBHs, so that severe early postburn brain edema was produced. MRI and SPECT were employed to observe dynamically the brain of dogs in all groups. The results were collected and compared with one another. The results indicated that with MRI brain morphological change of early brain edema could be shown as early as within 12 PBH and diffuse brain edema became more obvious with elapse of time. The changes might be difficult to be found by MRI when T(1)WISIR decreased below 10%. T(2)WI SIR increased by 8.29% at 24 PBH with blurred demarcation between the brain gray and white matters. There was diffused and progressive nuclide ((99)TCm-ECD) concentration in the brain tissue as shown by SPECT at 6 PBH. The radio-nuclide taking ratio increased significantly after 12 PBH, especially at 24 PBH (P < 0.01) when compared with that before burn. Combined application of MRI and SPECT could evidently increase sensitivity and specificity in the diagnosis of early postburn brain edema.
    Zhonghua shao shang za zhi = Zhonghua shaoshang zazhi = Chinese journal of burns 10/2002; 18(5):292-5.