S Takashiba

Okayama University, Okayama, Okayama, Japan

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Publications (143)332.66 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: It has been revealed that atherosclerosis and periodontal disease may have a common mechanism of "chronic inflammation". Several reports have indicated that periodontal infection is related to atherosclerosis, but none have yet reported such an investigation through the cooperation of local clinics. This study was performed in local Japanese clinics to examine the relationship between periodontal disease and atherosclerosis under collaborative medical and dental care. A pilot multicenter cross-sectional study was conducted on 37 medical patients with lifestyle-related diseases under consultation in participating medical clinics, and 79 periodontal patients not undergoing medical treatment but who were seen by participating dental clinics. Systemic examination and periodontal examination were performed at baseline, and the relationships between periodontal and atherosclerosis-related clinical markers were analyzed. There was a positive correlation between LDL-C level and plasma IgG antibody titer to Porphyromonas gingivalis. According to the analysis under adjusted age, at a cut-off value of 5.04 for plasma IgG titer to Porphyromonas gingivalis, the IgG titer was significantly correlated with the level of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). This study suggested that infection with periodontal bacteria (Porphyromonas gingivalis) is associated with the progression of atherosclerosis. Plasma IgG titer to Porphyromonas gingivalis may be useful as the clinical risk marker for atherosclerosis related to periodontal disease. Moreover, the application of the blood examination as a medical check may lead to the development of collaborative medical and dental care within the local medical clinical system for the purpose of preventing the lifestyle-related disease.
    Odontology / the Society of the Nippon Dental University. 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Interleukin (IL)-6 is a proinflammatory cytokine that performs a wide variety of biological functions, including important roles in the progression of chronic inflammatory diseases such as periodontal disease. (+)-Terrein, a secondary bioactive fungal metabolite isolated from Aspergillus terreus, has various biological activities; however, its anti-inflammatory effects are still unknown. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of synthetic (+)-terrein on IL-6 signaling and related protein production in human gingival fibroblasts. To our knowledge, this study is the first to report that synthetic (+)-terrein is not cytotoxic at concentrations less than 20μM and suppresses IL-6/soluble IL-6 receptor (sIL-6R)-induced phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription-3, extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2, and c-jun N-terminal kinase 1/2-signaling proteins that are downstream of IL-6 signaling. In addition, synthetic (+)-terrein suppresses IL-6/sIL-6R-induced vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) secretion in a concentration-dependent manner (p <0.01). These data suggest that synthetic (+)-terrein has potential anti-IL-6 signaling activity and suppresses VEGF-associated inflammatory disease progression.
    Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry. 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: It has been suggested that vitamin C deficiency/scurvy is associated with gingival inflammatory changes; however, the disorder is very infrequently encountered in the modern era. Here, we report a case of extensive gingival overgrowth caused by vitamin C deficiency associated with metabolic syndrome and severe periodontal infection.
    Clinical Case Reports. 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Key Clinical MessageWe report a case of Behçet's disease which was aggravated by psychological stress and oral infection. The control of oral infection under medical and dental collaboration is important for providing Behçet's disease patients with the optimal medical care and for facilitating the relief of the primary disease.
    Clinical Case Reports. 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: We recently reported frequent detection of antibiotic-resistant bacteria on the oral mucosa during the period of hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) and suggested an association between oral mucositis and antibiotic-resistant bacterial infection. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus spp. were frequently detected, and the oral cavity may be a reservoir of the gene mediating methicillin resistance, mecA. Here, we examined the frequency of mecA carriers in patients undergoing HCT. Fifty-nine patients (male (M) = 37, female (F) = 22, 47.3 ± 11.0 years) receiving HCT were enrolled in this study. Buccal swab samples were obtained four times from day -7 to day +20 (once/week), and mecA was detected by PCR. Fifty-two subjects without systemic disease, who completed dental treatment, especially periodontal treatment (M = 21, F = 31, 55.4 ± 14.2 years), were also enrolled as controls and checked for mecA on the oral mucosa. Seventy-six percent (45/59) of the HCT patients carried mecA at least once in the study period (days -7 to +20), while no control subjects had mecA. The frequency of mecA carriers was 19.2 % from days -7 to -1, while it was significantly increased on days +7 to +13 and +14 to +20, with frequencies of 60.9 and 63.2 %, respectively (P < 0.01, ANOVA). mecA was detected in oral mucosa of patients undergoing HCT. The high detection frequency of staphylococci resistant to penicillin and beta-lactams in our recent report was supported.
    Supportive Care in Cancer 02/2014; · 2.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) was reported previously to be involved in allergic inflammation with cytotoxic activity. On the other hand, recent studies showed that ECP did not induce cell death but inhibited the growth of cancer-derived cells. Our previous study indicated that human ECP enhanced differentiation of rat neonatal cardiomyocytes and stress fiber formation in Balb/c 3T3 mouse fibroblasts, while the effects of human ECP on human fibroblasts are unknown. The present study was performed to determine the effects of human ECP on cytokine expression in human fibroblasts by protein array. The effects of recombinant human ECP (rhECP) on normal human dermal fibroblasts (NHDF) were examined by assaying cell growth. Furthermore, cytokine expression of NHDF stimulated by ECP, which could influence cell growth, was evaluated by protein array. ECP was not cytotoxic but enhanced the growth of NHDF. The peak rhECP concentration that enhanced the cell counts by 1.56-fold was 100 ng/mL, which was significantly different from cultures without ECP stimulation (ANOVA/ Scheffe's test, P < 0.05). Array analyses indicated that ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF), neutrophil-activating peptide (NAP)-2, and neurotrophin (NT)-3 were significantly upregulated in NHDF stimulated with 100 ng/mL ECP compared to those without stimulation. ECP is not cytotoxic but enhances the growth of NHDF. CNTF, NAP-2, and NT-3 were suggested to be involved in enhancing the growth of NHDF. These findings will contribute to determination of the role of ECP in allergic inflammation.
    Asian Pacific journal of allergy and immunology / launched by the Allergy and Immunology Society of Thailand 12/2013; 31(4):271-6. · 0.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Porphyromonas gingivalis is a major etiological agent of periodontal diseases and the outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) contain virulence factors such as LPS and gingipains. In this study, we investigated the potential role of the OMVs in host immune response and tissue destruction during P. gingivalis infection. Firstly, we found that sera from periodontitis patients had significantly stronger reactivity against an OMV-producing wild type strain than the isogenic OMV-depleted strain. OMVs were found to be highly antigenic, as absorption of patient sera with OMVs greatly reduced reactivity with whole cells of P. gingivalis. LC-MS/MS analysis of OMVs revealed multiple forms of gingipains and several gingipain-related proteins. Western blots of OMVs using patient sera revealed a conserved immunoreactive antigen profile resembling the profile of OMV antigens that were recognized by gingipain antiserum, suggesting a potential role of OMV-associated gingipains in triggering antibody-mediated immune responses to P. gingivalis infection. When OMVs were added to a monolayer of an oral squamous epithelial cell line, OMVs caused cell detachment, which was inhibited by preincubating OMVs with anti-gingipain antiserum. These data suggest that gingipain-laden OMVs may contribute to tissue destruction in periodontal diseases by serving as a vehicle for the antigens and active proteases.
    Microbes and Infection 10/2013; · 2.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Spatiotemporal inhibition of apical migration and proliferation of gingival epithelium are significant factors involved in periodontal regeneration. Transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) is important in multiple aspects of wound healing, and Smad2, a downstream transcription factor of TGF-β, has an inhibitory effect on re-epithelialization during gingival wound healing. Therefore, we investigated the effects on migration and proliferation status, and intra/extracellular signaling regulated by Smad2 overexpression in gingival epithelial cells. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Gingival epithelial cells were isolated from the palatal gingival tissue of transgenic mice overexpressing Smad2 driven by the Keratin14 promoter. Smad2 expression was identified by western blotting and immunofluorescence analysis. Scratch assay and 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine staining were performed to assess cell migration and proliferation. To inactivate TGF-β type I receptor, the cultures were supplemented with SB431542. Secreted TGF-β was quantified by ELISA. Smad2 target gene expression was examined by real-time RT-PCR and in vivo immunofluorescence analysis of gingival junctional epithelium. RESULTS: Smad2-overexpressing cells were confirmed to have significant phosphorylated Smad2 in the nucleus. Scratch assay and 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine staining indicated that Smad2-overexpressing cells showed no significant differences in migration, but had reduced proliferation rates compared to wild-type controls. SB431542 significantly inhibited Smad2 phosphorylation, which coincided with restoration of the proliferation rate in Smad2-overexpressing cells. ELISA of TGF-β release did not show any differences between genotypes. The cell cycle inhibitors, p15 and p21, showed significant upregulation in Smad2-overexpressing cells compared to wild-type controls. Moreover, junctional epithelium of the transgenic mice showed increased expression of P-Smad2, p15 and p21. CONCLUSION: The signaling activation triggered by overexpression of Smad2 was dependent on TGF-β type I receptor, and the activated Smad2 increased p15 and p21 expression, responsible for inhibiting cell cycle entry, resulting in antiproliferative effects on gingival epithelial cells. Understanding of Smad2-induced signaling would be useful for possible clinical application to regulate gingival epithelial downgrowth.
    Journal of Periodontal Research 06/2013; · 1.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recent advances in molecular biological techniques have yielded large amounts of information regarding the oral microflora. The microbiological communities were shown to be more diverse than previously thought and to include a number of previously uncharacterized microorganisms. The range of research targets of microorganisms associated with oral diseases has been expanded to include these unknown or uncharacterized organisms. These organisms include the Archaea. A series of recent reports suggested these microorganisms to be potential pathogens involved in periodontitis and apical periodontitis mainly based on the detection frequency or their increased numbers in diseased sites in association with the severity or symptoms of disease. However, it cannot be concluded that Archaea are oral pathogens based on such circumstantial evidence. Further studies are required to investigate the potential pathogenic mechanisms of action of these organisms. This will require investigation of the antigenic properties of the Archaea and synergism with other established oral pathogens. Especially, studies of the host immune response will provide insight into the medical impact of Archaea as suspected pathogens.
    Japanese Dental Science Review 05/2013; 49(2):72–78.
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    ABSTRACT: Both group I (HSP60) and group II (CCT) chaperonins are targets of autoantibodies. Autoimmune reactions to HSP60 have been well characterized, while immune reactions to group II chaperonin have not been clarified. Methanobrevibacter oralis is a suspected periodontal pathogen with group II chaperonin. In this study, serum responses to M. oralis chaperonin, human HSP60, and CCT subunits were examined using sera from patients with periodontitis and autoimmune diseases. In comparison to healthy controls, periodontitis patients showed significantly higher responses to CCT4 and CCT8 on dot blot analysis. Signals for CCT3 and CCT8 in autoimmune disease patients were significantly higher than in controls. Significant differences were also demonstrated by Western blotting in anti-CCT4 response in both patient groups. All subjects showed strong reactivity to M. oralis chaperonin and faint signals to human HSP60. Autoantibodies were raised against CCT rather than HSP60, and CCT3, CCT4, and CCT8 were shown to be the main targets. Host immune systems may be frequently exposed to chaperonins of Archaea in various habitats. Although further studies of the cross-reactivity between M. oralis chaperonin and human CCT are required, anti-CCT autoantibodies may be involved in the pathogenesis of periodontitis and autoimmune diseases. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Pathogens and disease. 04/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic periodontitis is a silent infectious disease prevalent worldwide and affects lifestyle-related diseases. Therefore, efficient screening of patients is essential for general health. This study was performed to evaluate prospectively the diagnostic utility of a blood IgG antibody titer test against periodontal pathogens. Oral examination was performed, and IgG titers against periodontal pathogens were measured by ELISA in 1,387 individuals. The cut-off value of the IgG titer was determined in receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, and changes in periodontal clinical parameters and IgG titers by periodontal treatment were evaluated. The relationships between IgG titers and severity of periodontitis were analyzed. The best cut-off value of IgG titer against Porphyromonas gingivalis for screening periodontitis was 1.682. Both clinical parameters and IgG titers decreased significantly under periodontal treatment. IgG titers of periodontitis patients were significantly higher than those of healthy controls, especially in those with sites of probing pocket depth over 4 mm. Multiplied cut-off values were useful to select patients with severe periodontitis. A blood IgG antibody titer test for Porphyromonas gingivalis is useful to screen hitherto chronic periodontitis patients (ClinicalTrials.gov number NCT01658475).
    Journal of dental research 09/2012; · 3.46 Impact Factor
  • Supportive Care in Cancer 09/2012; · 2.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: During periodontal regeneration, inhibition of gingival downgrowth is necessary to promote migration of mesenchymal cells into the defects. Transforming growth factor (TGF)-β is a pleiotropic cytokine that has numerous cell functions, including regulation of epithelial growth. Recent studies have shown that Smad2, a downstream transcription factor of TGF-β, plays crucial roles in wound healing in the epithelia. Therefore, we investigated the effects of Smad2 overexpression on re-epithelialization of gingival wounds. Transgenic mice overexpressing smad2 driven by the keratin 14 promoter (k14-smad2) were confirmed to have significant Smad2 phosphorylation in gingival basal epithelia. Punch wounds were made in the palatal gingiva, and wound healing was assessed histologically for 7 days. Re-epithelialization was significantly retarded on day 2, while collagen deposition was enhanced on day 7 in k14-smad2 compared with wild-type mice. Moreover, expression of keratin 16 (K16), an indicator of keratinocyte migration, was significantly inhibited in wound-edge keratinocytes in k14-smad2. The inhibition of K16 coincided with the induction of Smad2 in the corresponding epithelia, while BrdU incorporation was unaffected. These results indicated that Smad2 has inhibitory effects in regulating keratinocyte migration during gingival wound healing. TGF-β/Smad2 signaling mediating alteration of K16 expression must be tightly regulated during periodontal regeneration.
    Journal of dental research 06/2012; 91(8):764-70. · 3.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Resin coating materials have been used for composite resin or provisional restoration in order to prevent plaque accumulation on their surfaces. However, it is not clear whether the coating materials influence attachment of periodontal bacteria. Therefore, we investigated the effect of resin coating materials on the attachment of Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg). The polymerized auto cure resin plates were coated with two resin coating materials. To estimate the Pg attachment, each plate was immersed in brain heart infusion medium containing Pg. The quantity of bacteria attached on each plate was evaluated by crystal violet quantification. Morphological change of Pg was recorded using scanning electron microscopy. Both coating groups presented significantly lower Pg attachment compared to the control. The Pg shapes on the plates with resin coating materials were similar to the non-treated control plates. The resin coating materials clearly prevent Pg attachment on the polymerized auto cure resin plate.
    Dental Materials Journal 02/2012; 31(1):86-91. · 0.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To identify patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who are susceptible to frequent exacerbations is important. Although periodontitis aggravated by poor oral hygiene might increase the risk of lower respiratory tract infection, the relationship between periodontitis and COPD exacerbations remains unknown. This prospective cohort study investigates the relationship between periodontitis-related antibody and exacerbation frequency over a one-year period. We assessed an IgG antibody titer against Porphyromonas gingivalis, which is a major pathogen of periodontitis, and then prospectively followed up 93 individuals over one year to detect exacerbations. The numbers of exacerbations and the rate of individuals with frequent exacerbations (at least two per year) were significantly lower in patients with higher IgG titer than those with normal IgG titer (0.8 vs. 1.2 per year, p= 0.045 and 14.3 vs. 38.6%, p= 0.009, respectively). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that being normal-IgG titer for periodontitis-related antibody significantly increased the risk of frequent exacerbations (relative risk, 5.27, 95% confidence interval, 1.30-25.7; p = 0.019) after adjusting for other possible confounders, such as a history of exacerbations in the past year, disease severity, COPD medication and smoking status. Normal-IgG titer for periodontitis-related antibody can be an independent predictor of frequent exacerbations. Measuring periodontitis-related antibody titers might be useful to identify patients with susceptibility to frequent exacerbations so that an aggressive prevention strategy can be designed.
    PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(7):e40570. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Here, we discuss the pathophysiology of leukemia-associated gingival enlargement based on a case of acute myelomonocytic leukemia (AML-M4) with typical gingival enlargement. Uniquely, this patient was well enough to allow full periodontal examination and incisional gingival biopsy to be performed both before and after chemotherapy. The patient was a 39-year-old Japanese woman with AML-M4 showing gingival enlargement. Histological and immunohistochemical features of gingiva and bacterial counts in the periodontal pockets were examined before and after chemotherapy. The results were as follows: (1) infiltration of myelomonocytic blasts in enlarged gingiva; (2) resolution of gingival enlargement with complete remission of AML by anticancer chemotherapy; and (3) the numbers of bacteria in the periodontal pockets were not high and were not altered before or after chemotherapy. In patients with AML-M4, remarkable mucosal enlargement is not generally observed in the body except in the gingiva. We hypothesized that antigens derived from periodontal bacteria, even if they are not present in large numbers, could act as chemoattractants for myelomonocytic leukemic cells.
    Odontology 11/2011; 100(2):254-7. · 1.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) are frequently isolated from blood cultures of hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) patients. Generally, the use of central venous catheters is recognized as a significant risk factor for CoNS infection, while the impact of CoNS infection from oral ulcerative mucositis, which occurs frequently in HCT, may be underestimated. Here, we examined the bacteria on the buccal mucosa after HCT. Sixty-one patients were examined for bacteria on the buccal mucosa routinely once a week from 1 week before to 3 weeks after allogeneic HCT. Subjects were divided into groups with short and long periods of antibiotic use, and differences in bacterial substitution were evaluated. The relationships between type of HCT (conventional HCT or RIST) and bacterial substitution were also evaluated. The changes in detection frequencies of CoNS and α-streptococci from before to 3 weeks after HCT were significant (P < 0.05, χ (2) test): 14.5-53.3% and 92.7-53.1%, respectively. Significant bacterial substitution of CoNS for streptococci was observed in the long-term antibiotic use group (P < 0.05, χ (2) test), but also occurred in cases with short-term or no antibiotic use. No relationships between type of HCT (conventional HCT or RIST) were observed. Bacterial substitution of CoNS for streptococci occurred frequently on the buccal mucosa after HCT. In addition to antibiotic use, environmental factors may be involved in bacterial substitution. It is important to consider the presence of oral mucositis in CoNS infection after HCT.
    Supportive Care in Cancer 07/2011; 19(7):995-1000. · 2.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Multiple risk factor syndrome is a clustering of cardiovascular risk factors, such as diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension, and obesity associated epidemiologically with insulin resistance. This report describes the clinical course of a patient suffering from severe periodontitis with multiple risk factor syndrome, and discusses the association between periodontal infection and systemic health. The patient had a history of type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia, and hypertension for over 10 years. At baseline, her hemoglobin A1 c was 8.1%. However, she had no diabetic complications except periodontitis. The IgG antibody titers against Porphyromonas gingivalis FDC 381 and SU63 were elevated above the mean of healthy subjects +2 standard deviations. Intensive periodontal treatment, including periodontal surgery, was performed to reduce periodontal infection and bacteremia. Her systemic and periodontal conditions were evaluated longitudinally for 10 years. Following periodontal treatment, antibody titers against Porphyromonas gingivalis and hemoglobin A1c values were significantly improved. The other clinical data and medication for her systemic condition also remained stable during supportive periodontal therapy. However, she developed myocardial infarction, and showed continuous deterioration of hemoglobin A1 c level and periodontitis. The long-term clustering of risk factors, such as diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension, and periodontitis, are associated with the development of myocardial infarction. Treatment of systemic conditions in combination with comprehensive periodontal treatment is important in management of patients with multiple risk factor syndrome.
    Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology 07/2011; 13(2):40-7.
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    ABSTRACT: The enzyme-labeled antigen method was applied to visualize plasma cells producing antibodies to Porphyromonas gingivalis, flora of the human oral cavity. Antibodies to P. gingivalis have reportedly been detected in sera of patients with periodontitis. Biotinylated bacterial antigens, Ag53, and four gingipain domains (Arg-pro, Arg-hgp, Lys-pro, and Lys-hgp) were prepared by the cell-free protein synthesis system using the wheat germ extract. In paraformaldehyde-fixed frozen sections of rat lymph nodes experimentally immunized with Ag53-positive and Ag53-negative P. gingivalis, plasma cells were labeled with biotinylated Arg-hgp and Lys-hgp. Antibodies to Ag53 were detected only in the nodes immunized with Ag53-positive bacteria. In two of eight lesions of gingival radicular cyst with inflammatory infiltration, CD138-positive plasma cells in frozen sections were signalized for Arg-hgp and Lys-hgp. An absorption study using unlabeled antigens confirmed the specificity of staining. The AlphaScreen method identified the same-type antibodies in tissue extracts but not in sera. Antibodies to Ag53, Arg-pro, and Lys-pro were undetectable. In two cases, serum antibodies to Arg-hgp and Lys-hgp were AlphaScreen positive, whereas plasma cells were scarcely observed within the lesions. These findings indicate the validity of the enzyme-labeled antigen method. This is the very first application of this novel histochemical technique to human clinical samples.
    Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry 06/2011; 59(7):673-89. · 2.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Periodontitis is a localized infectious disease caused by periodontopathic bacteria such as Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis), and the severity correlates to significance of immune responses. Recently, it has been reported that periodontitis is associated with the development of systemic disease such as diabetes and atherosclerosis because of increasing invasion of oral pathogens to the circulation. However, the association between local and systemic infectious responses is still unclear. In the present study, we examined the differences of biological responses in animals with or without bacterial infection. After Balb/c mice were infected subcutaneously with live P. gingivalis W83, serum, skin and liver were collected according to experimental protocol. The skin and liver tissues were observed pathologically by haematoxylin-eosin staining, and serum IL-6 levels were measured using ELISA method. Throughout the experimental period, conditions of the mice were observed continuously. As expected, severe infiltration of leukocytes were observed at inflamed skin corresponding to the number of bacterial challenges. Although no inflammatory appearance of skin was observed, serum IL-6 levels were increased dramatically (P <0.01, Student's t-test) and liver tissues were injured in the mice without bacterial challenge. Interestingly, although severe inflammatory appearance of the skin was observed, serum IL-6 levels were not increased and no inflammatory responses were observed in the liver of the 3-times bacterially challenged group. Importantly, immunoglobulin G against P. gingivalis W83 was detected in the blood of mice with 3-times bacterial challenge corresponding to improvement of weight loss and survival. In conclusion, although multiple infections develop severe localized inflammation, the immune system should be sufficient to protect the systemic inflammatory responses.
    Journal of biological regulators and homeostatic agents 01/2011; 25(2):195-202. · 5.18 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2k Citations
332.66 Total Impact Points


  • 1997–2013
    • Okayama University
      • Department of Periodontal Science (Periodontology and Endodontology)
      Okayama, Okayama, Japan
  • 2011
    • Iwate Medical University
      Morioka, Iwate, Japan
  • 2010
    • Hyogo College of Medicine
      • Department of Surgical Pathology
      Nishinomiya, Hyogo-ken, Japan
  • 1999
    • Boston University
      • Department of Periodontology and Oral Biology
      Boston, MA, United States