Nihal Akar Bayram

Yıldırım Beyazıt Üniversitesi, Engüri, Ankara, Turkey

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Publications (50)48.75 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: It was aimed to calculate QT intervals in patients with acromegaly and to reveal its correlation between QT intervals, and growth hormone and insulin like growth factor-1. Material and Methods: Forty-one patients with acromegaly were enrolled into the study. Another 41 individuals with similar features, such as comorbid diseases, age and sex constituted the control group. The electrocardiographies of patients with acromegaly were evaluated at the baseline and after the follow-up. Only one electrocardiography was performed for controls. QT maximum, QT minimum, QT dispersion, corrected QT maximum, corrected QT minimum and corrected QT dispersion were calculated. Results: Baseline QT maximum, QT dispersion, corrected QT maximum and corrected QT dispersion were significantly longer than the values of controls. Corrected QT maximum and corrected QT dispersion were significantly shorter after the follow-up, compared to the baseline in patients. QT maximum, QT dispersion, corrected QT maximum and corrected QT dispersion after the follow-up were not statistically different from the values of controls. Except the negative correlation between growth hormone and corrected QT dispersion in patients after the follow-up, no other correlation was detected between QT values and growth hormone or insulin like growth factor-1 levels. Corrected QT dispersion was found to be related with the disease duration in patients. Discussion: For acromegaly patients, it is important to detect clinical predictors of cardiac arrhytmias. QT dispersion is considered a beneficial predictor for ventricular arrhytmias. When compared to controls, prolonged QT intervals were determined in our acromegalic patients. Conclusion: We consider that QT intervals may also be utilized in the evaluation of increased cardiovascular risk in patients with acromegaly.
    Acta medica portuguesa. 07/2014; 27(4):428-432.
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    ABSTRACT: Aortic stenosis (AS) increases with age. According to guidelines, left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) is an indication for aortic valve replacement, even in asymptomatic patients. There is no clear data on the application of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), which is a method showing continuous improvement in recent years, in patients with reduced ejection fraction (REF) having a poor prognosis for surgical aortic valve replacement (s-AVR). We therefore aimed to investigate the effect of TAVI on left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and also its efficacy and safety in patients with REF.
    Cardiology journal. 05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Hyperglycemia on admission is associated with increased mortality and morbidity in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) irrespective of presence of diabetes mellitus. To the best of our knowledge, no evidence on the relationship between stress hyperglycemia (SH) and the extent of coronary artery disease is found in the literature. Our objective in this study is to assess the relationship of SH with the prognosis of acute coronary syndrome, extent of coronary artery disease (CAD), development of arrhythmia, and major adverse cardiac events.89 patients who were hospitalized in the coronary intensive care unit with diagnosis of ACS between January 2010 and June 2010 were enrolled in the study. The patients were separated into 2 groups as having stress hypergly-cemia or not, according to their blood glucose levels on admission. TIMI and GRACE risk scores were obtained and GENSINI scoring was performed to assess CAD extent for all the patients. Major adverse cardiac events (MACE) (death, MI, re-revascularization, stroke) were recorded for all patients while in the hospital and at 1st and 6th months.In our study, MACE, GENSINI scores at 6 months and development of in-hospital arrhythmia rates were statistically significantly higher and left ventricular ejection fractions were statistically significantly lower in the group with SH. The association of TIMI, GRACE, GENSINI, New York Heart Association (NYHA) and Killip classifications with blood glucose, fasting blood glucose and HbA1c on admission was confirmed.Prognostic course happens to be worse and CAD is more extensive in patients with SH. In addition, blood glucose values may have to be estimated lower compared to the samples in the literature, in order to diagnose SH.
    Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes 04/2014; 122(4):222-6. · 1.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cardiovascular morbidity and mortality are increased in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). We aimed to evaluate left ventricle systolic and diastolic functions with tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) and strain and strain rate echocardiography in patients with PHPT. Thirty-one patients with PHPT and 29 healthy controls were evaluated with conventional and pulse Doppler echocardiography, TDI and strain and strain rate echocardiography. Myocardial performance index (MPI) was calculated. Strain and peak systolic strain rate in mid and basal segments of lateral, anterior, inferior, and septal walls of left ventricle were determined. TDI showed similar late diastolic myocardial peak velocity in two groups. Peak systolic mitral annular velocity, early diastolic myocardial peak velocity, and ratio of early to late diastolic myocardial peak velocity were lower in PHPT patients (p = 0.01, p < 0.001 and p < 0.001, respectively). MPI calculated by TDI was 0.53 ± 0.15 in PHPT group and 0.44 ± 0.09 in control group (p = 0.013). Strain values were lower in mid and basal segments of septum, lateral and anterior walls, and basal segment of inferior wall in PHPT patients. Mean systolic strain was -20.88 ± 2.30 and -24.25 ± 2.13 in PHPT patients and control group, respectively (p < 0.001). Mean strain rate was lower in PHPT patients compared to control group (-1.38 ± 0.19 vs -1.57 ± 0.25) (p = 0.002). Patients with PHPT, but no cardiac symptoms or documented cardiovascular disease, have subclinical systolic and diastolic myocardial dysfunction. Evaluation of these patients with TDI and S and Sr echocardiography in addition to conventional echocardiography might be valuable to detect subclinical cardiac involvement.
    Endocrine 03/2014; · 1.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Previous studies have shown association between paraoxonase (PON) activity and the presence and severity of coronary atherosclerosis. The aim of the present study was to demonstrate any association between serum PON activity and the presence and severity of coronary artery calcification (CAC). A total of 156 consecutive patients having the suspicion of coronary atherosclerosis or needing risk stratification for cardiovascular events were included in the present study. Peripheral venous blood samples of all participants to measure serum PON activity were collected before undergoing multidetector computed tomography, which was used to determine the presence and quantity of CAC. Serum PON-1 levels were lower in CAC group compared with no CAC group (60 [35 - 96] U/L vs. 291 [230 - 371] U/L, respectively, p<0.001). There was a significant negative correlation between total CAC score and PON (r² = 0.335, p<0.001). In multivariate analysis, the significant and independent predictors of the presence of CAC were male sex, hsCRP and PON. Similarly, increased PON was significantly and independently associated with freedom from CAC. In ROC analysis, PON level <197 U/L had 87% sensitivity, 91% specificity, 93% positive predictive value, and 85% negative predictive value in predicting CAC. Diminished serum PON activity was significantly and independently associated with the presence and severity of CAC and vice versa.
    Kardiologia polska 03/2014; · 0.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has emerged as an acceptable treatment modality for patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) who are deemed unsuitable for conventional surgical aortic valve replacement. TAVI not only provides the treatment of AS, but also makes some other diseases treatable by relieving hemodynamic distress resulting from AS. In this case report, we presented a 74-year-old patient with Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) that had been left untreated due to the development of acute pulmonary edema caused by severe degenerative AS during chemotherapy. This is the first report of the use of TAVI in a patient with HL.
    International journal of hematology 01/2014; · 1.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Interestingly, prostate-specific antigen (PSA), which is used to monitor prostate disorders, has been suggested to be beneficial in estimating prognosis associated with coronary artery disease (CAD). The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship of serum levels of PSA and free PSA (fPSA) with prognosis of acute coronary syndromes (ACS), extent of CAD and major adverse cardiac events in patients with acute coronary syndromes. Materials and Methods: Sixty-seven male patients who were diagnosed with acute coronary syndromes were included. All patients were assessed according to the Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) classification [ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and non-ST elevation (NSTE)-ACS groups, separately], the Global Registry of Acute Cardiac Events (GRACE) (difference between PSA and fPSA) risk score and the Killip classification. All patients underwent angiography. The degree of stenosis was scored using the Gensini score to assess the extent of CAD. Results: Serum PSA, fPSA, fPSA/PSA levels, and alpha 1-antichymotrypsin-PSA (ACT-PSA) (difference between PSA and fPSA) results were found to be moderately correlated with the TIMI and GRACE risk scores, which are predictors of short- and mid-term prognosis. While there was no correlation between the Gensini score and PSA and ACT-PSA, the Gensini score was moderately correlated with fPSA and fPSA/PSA. There were no significant differences between patients with major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) and those without MACEs at the 6-month follow-up in terms of PSA, fPSA, fPSA/PSA, and ACT-PSA results. Conclusion: There may be a relationship between serum PSA and fPSA levels and prognosis of ACS and extent of CAD. It should be kept in mind that additional biomarkers could be used together with current scoring systems in risk classification in cases for which clinical decisionmaking is challenging. Moreover, PSA and fPSA results should be approached with caution in patients to be screened for prostate cancer as their serum levels may be influenced from several factors (ACS, infection, etc.).
    Urology journal 01/2014; 11(1):1278-86. · 0.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation is a promising alternative to high risk surgical aortic valve replacement. The procedure is mainly indicated in patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis who cannot undergo surgery or who are at very high surgical risk.
    01/2014; 10(2):84-90.
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    ABSTRACT: Capable of multi-organ involvement in Sjogren's syndrome (SS), cardiac findings of pulmonary effusion, left ventricular diastolic dysfunction and pulmonary hypertension are seen in patients with SS. Aortic stiffness (AS) reflects the mechanical tension and elasticity of the aorta. In this study, our aim is to determine if there is any differences in AS and left ventricular function between patients diagnosed as SS and healthy control groups. We enrolled 50 patients with SS and 47 healthy volunteers with similar demographic characteristics. It was found that isovolumetric relaxation time (IVRT) and deceleration time (DT) were significantly longer and early diastolic wave (E) was significantly lower in patients with SS, but there was no difference in the other parameters. When tissue Doppler echocardiography (TDE) findings were compared between the two groups, it was found that myocardial systolic wave (Sm), myocardial early diastolic wave (Em) and Em/Am ratio were significantly lower, and myocardial isovolumetric relaxation time (IVRTm) and myocardial performance index (MPI) values were significantly higher in patients with SS. A significant positive correlations between aortic strain and Sm (r = 0.35, P < 0.001), Em (r = 0.42, P < 0.001) and Em/Am (r = 0.26, P = 0.008) and negative correlations in IVRTm (r = -0.36, P < 0.001) and MPI (r = -0.24, P = 0.01) were detected. A significant positive correlation between aortic distensibility and Sm (r = 0.36, P < 0.001), Em (r = 0.44, P < 0.001), Em/Am (r = 0.26, P = 0.009) and negative correlation of IVRTm (r = -0.22, P = 0.02) were determined. There is a significant relationship between AS and left ventricular diastolic dysfunction in patients with SS in this study. The parameters of aortic elasticity measured by 2D echocardiographic methods can be beneficial in predicting early cardiovascular risk in SS.
    International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases 12/2013; · 1.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In recent years, emerging transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has become an alternative for surgery. However, with advanced age, several co-morbid factors together with contrast agent usage can cause deterioration in renal function and increase in the risk of acute kidney injury (AKI) with poor prognosis in patients with AKI. Therefore, many patients cannot benefit from this treatment. In this study, we aim to examine the effects of TAVI on renal functions. Seventy patients, mean age of 77.6 years, underwent TAVI between July 2011 and December 2012. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated by using the Cockcroft and Gault Formula. Patients were monitored for 48 h for urine output. Stage 1 AKI, according to the VARC-2 AKIN system, developed in only five (7.1%) of the patients after the procedure. There was a statistically significant increase between the mean 1(st) month eGFRs before (68.2 vs. 61.0, P < 0.01) and after (68.2 vs. 63.6, P < 0.05) the TAVI in the cohort. After TAVI (48.5 mL/min, P < 0.01) and the 1(st) month (52.1 mL/min, P < 0.01), the eGFR of the 36 (51.4%) patients diagnosed with chronic kidney disease before the procedure showed a statistically significant increase in renal functions. The hospital mortality rate was higher in the group which developed AKI (P < 0.01). First month eGFR showed a more statistically significant increase than pre-TAVI eGFR (62.8 and 69.8, P < 0.05, respectively) in AKI developing patients and this difference - though statistically not significant - continued into the sixth month. In this study, we showed that the treatment of aortic stenosis through TAVI allows improvement of renal functions, and that AKI rates will be lower with careful patient selection, proper pre-procedural hydration, and careful use of contrast agent.
    Journal of Geriatric Cardiology 12/2013; 10(4):317-22.
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    ABSTRACT: Valvular heart diseases cause serious health problems in Turkey as well as in Western countries. According to a study conducted in Turkey, aortic stenosis (AS) is second after mitral valve disease among all valvular heart diseases. AS is frequently observed in elderly patients who have several cardiovascular risk factors and comorbidities. In symptomatic severe AS, surgical aortic valve replacement (AVR) is a definitive treatment. However, in elderly patients with left ventricular dysfunction and comorbidities, the risk of operative morbidity and mortality increases and outweighs the gain obtained from AVR surgery. As a result, almost one-third of the patients with serious AS are considered ineligible for surgery. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is an effective treatment in patients with symptomatic severe AS who have high risk for conventional surgery. Since being performed for the first time in 2002, with a procedure success rate reported as 95% and a mortality rate of 5%, TAVI has become a promising method. Assessment of vascular anatomy, aortic annular diameter, and left ventricular function may be useful for the appropriate selection of patients and may reduce the risk of complications. Cardiac imaging methods including 2D and 3D echocardiography and multidetector computed tomography are critical during the evaluation of suitable patients for TAVI as well as during and after the procedure. In this review, we describe the role of echocardiography methods in clinical practice for TAVI procedure in its entirety, i.e. from patient selection to guidance during the procedure, and subsequent monitoring.
    Echocardiography 09/2013; · 1.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In our study, we aimed to evaluate left ventricular function in patients with Sjögren syndrome (SS) using tissue Doppler echocardiography (TDE) and myocardial performance index (MPI) in addition to conventional echocardiographic methods. We evaluated 50 patients with SS and 48 healthy volunteers with similar demographic characteristics. Systolic and diastolic functions of the left ventricle were analyzed with standard two-dimensional (2D) echocardiography, M-mode echocardiography, pulsed-wave (PW) Doppler and tissue Doppler imaging. Septal part of the mitral annulus PW TDE showed that systolic myocardial wave (Sm), early diastolic myocardial wave (Em), late diastolic myocardial wave (Am) and Em/Am ratios are significantly lower, and myocardial isovolumetric relaxation time (IVRTm) and MPI values are significantly higher in patients with SS. Lateral site of the mitral annulus PW TDE showed that Em, Sm and Em/Am ratios are significantly lower, and IVRTm and MPI values are significantly higher in patients with SS compared with healthy controls. In this study, it was shown that both left ventricle systolic and diastolic functions of patients with SS were disturbed.
    International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases 08/2013; 16(4):425-9. · 1.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recent studies report that cardiovascular mortality is more common in patients with spondyloarthropathy (SpA) compared with the normal population. In this study, we aimed to determine left ventricular systolic and diastolic functions using tissue Doppler echocardiography (TDE) in addition to conventional methods in undifferentiated SpA (uSpA) patients. A total of 45 patients and 44 age and sex matched healthy controls participated in the present study. Left ventricular systolic and diastolic functions were assessed with two dimensional (2D) echocardiography, M-mode echocardiography, pulsed-wave (PW) echocardiography and tissue Doppler echocardiography. The peak systolic velocity (Sm), early diastolic myocardial peak velocity (Em), and late diastolic myocardial peak velocity (Am), myocardial isovolumetric contraction time (IVCTm), myocardial ejection time (ETm), myocardial isovolumetric relaxation time (IVRTm) and myocardial performance index (MPI) were measured at septal and lateral mitral annulus. Left ventricular diastolic inflow velocities showed that isovolumetric relaxation time (IVRT) and deceleration time (DT) were significantly longer in the uSpA group. Left ventricular lateral wall PW tissue Doppler echocardiography showed that Em was significantly lower in uSpA group. Septal PW tissue Doppler echocardiography showed that Em was lower and IVRT was longer in the uSpA group compared with healthy controls. In this study we determined that left ventricular systolic function is preserved in patients with uSpA. Although frequency of diastolic dysfunction was similar in both groups, deterioration of some diastolic parameters in the uSpA group might be considered for possible cardiac involvement in patients with uSpA.
    International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases 04/2013; 16(2):162-7. · 1.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Abnormal nocturnal blood pressure (BP) profile has been linked to microvascular function and autonomic dysfunction. However, no data were available regarding nocturnal BP profile in coronary slow flow (CSF). AIM: The aim was to investigate any association between CSF and abnormal BP response in normotensive patients. METHODS: Consecutive 45 patients with CSF and 45 patients with normal blood flow during coronary angiography underwent 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring. Hemodynamic parameters including 24-hour, daytime and nighttime systolic/diastolic/mean/pulse pressures, and BP % changes were obtained. Dippers, nondippers, and reverse dippers were determined. RESULTS: Baseline characteristics of both groups were well matched except for TIMI (Thrombosis in Myocardial Infarction) frame counts for all major epicardial coronary arteries. No statistical significance was detected regarding to hemodynamic parameters obtained by 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring. The prevalence of nondippers was higher in CSF patients compared with controls (51.1% vs 28.9%, respectively). In univariate analysis, systolic BP change (%), 24-hour diastolic BP, diastolic BP change (%), 24-hour mean BP, mean BP change (%), nondipper/reverse dipper, and separately nondipper status were found to be significant predictors for CSF. However, in multivariate logistic regression analysis, systolic BP change (%) (odds ratio [OR], 0.934; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.874-0.998; P = 0.045), nondipper/reverse dipper status (OR, 0.505; 95% CI, 0.265-0.962; P = 0.038), and separately nondipper status (OR, 0.317; 95% CI, 0.126-0.797; P = 0.015) were found to be significant predictors for CSF. CONCLUSION: The frequency of nondippers was higher in slow flow, and there was a significant association between CSF and abnormal nocturnal BP profile in normotensives.
    Journal of Investigative Medicine 03/2013; · 1.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ischemic cerebrovascular events are the most common reason for patients to be bedridden and the third most common reason for death. Many studies in recent years have demonstrated that carotid artery stenting (CAS) may be an alternative to carotid endarterectomy (CEA). In this study, we aimed to report early outcomes of patients who were treated with CAS in our clinic and discuss practicability, advantages and safety of CAS. Eighty patients who underwent CAS between December 2009 and May 2011 were eligible. The mean age was 65 years (range, 49 - 89 years). Of the study group, 73.75% were males and 26.25% were female. The percentage of asymptomatic patients was 11.7%, and the remaining patients were symptomatic. A distal embolic protection device (Angioguard®) was used in 22% of the patients whereas, in the other patients (78%), a proximal blockage system (Mo.MA®) was used. Self-expandable hybrid stents were implanted in all patients and post-dilatation was performed after implantation. None of the patients suffered from stroke, myocardial infarction or death due to CAS during their hospital stay. The mean follow-up period was 10 months (range 2 - 18 months) after discharge. None of the patients had died or had a stroke, a transient ischemic attack (TIA), or a myocardial infarction during the follow-up period. Re-stenosis was not observed in the follow-up carotid Doppler ultrasonography; flow rates were within normal limits. No major complication was observed during the early follow-up period in patients who underwent CAS in our clinic. Only 2 (2.5%) patients showed transient numbness and weakness and these did not lead to morbidity. In the management guide of extracranial carotid and vertebral artery diseases, CAS, in the light of recent studies, is recommended as an alternative to CEA in recommendations for revascularization. One of the important issues emphasized in this guide is the experience of centers. Very low complication rates after CAS suggested that, with suitable patient selection and an experienced team, similar results may be obtained.
    Perfusion 03/2012; 27(2):146-9. · 0.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is one of the most common congenital heart defects. BAV disease is not only a disorder of valvulogenesis, but also represents a genetic disorder of aorta and cardiac development. Recent studies have shown that BAV is associated with abnormal aortic elasticity, and that a reduced distensibility of the aortic root may have a negative impact on left ventricular function. Hence, the study aim was to investigate left ventricular diastolic function and its relationship to aortic elasticity in this patient group. Thirty-nine patients with isolated BAV with a normal left ventricular ejection fraction, and 29 age- and gender-matched healthy (control) subjects, were studied prospectively. In none of the patients with BAV was the aortic velocity >2m/s, and no aortic regurgitation (other than mild) was present. Parameters of aortic elasticity (aortic strain, distensibility index, stiffness index and elastic modulus), left ventricular diastolic parameters (E, A, E/a, deceleration time, E', ratio of E/E', left atrial volume index) and valvulo-arterial impedance were calculated in all patients. Aortic strain and distensibility were lower, and aortic stiffness index and aortic modulus higher, in patients with BAV than in controls. Compared to controls, the E/E' ratio and left atrial volume index were significantly higher in BAV patients (E/E' ratio 8.26 +/- 2.56 versus 6.85 +/- 1.45, p = 0.01; left atrium volume index 24.23 +/- 5.78 versus 21.68 +/- 4.11 ml/m2, p = 0.04). However, no significant correlations were identified between the aortic elasticity parameters, valvulo-arterial impedance, and left ventricular diastolic parameters. These findings indicated that BAV is associated with an increased left atrial volume and a decreased E/E' ratio. In addition, these parameters did not correlate with any parameters of aortic elasticity, nor valvulo-arterial impedance. These data suggest that BAV disease might have subclinical cardiac dysfunction, and further studies are required to confirm these findings and any causal relationship.
    The Journal of heart valve disease 03/2012; 21(2):189-94. · 1.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Celiac disease is characterized by malabsorption resulting from inflammatory injury to the mucosa of the small intestine after the ingestion of wheat gluten or related rye and barley proteins. This study aimed to identify individuals who are at risk of heart failure and increased risk for cardiovascular events by evaluating endothelial function in patients with celiac disease. The study included 36 patients with celiac disease and 35 healthy volunteers. After all routine laboratory examination, left ventricular functions were evaluated with standard two-dimensional, M-mode conventional Doppler methods. Then, flow-mediated dilatation and nitroglycerin-dependent dilatation tests on brachial artery were performed to all patients and controls. A total of 36 celiac patients and 35 healthy volunteers were included in the study. The brachial artery diameter at baseline was similar between both groups. Measured brachial artery diameter after hyperemia was 30.19 ± 4.47 mm in celiac patients and 32.35 ± 3.77 mm in the control group. Differences between two groups were statistically significant (P = 0.031). Flow-mediated vasodilatation was lower in celiac patients compared with in controls (10.61 ± 2.64% vs 13.09 ± 2.9%; P = 0.0003). Measured endothelium-independent vasodilatation in the brachial artery before and after nitroglycerin was similar between both groups (P = 0.09 and P = 0.07, respectively). This research which aimed to evaluate endothelial dysfunction in patients with celiac disease is the first in the literature. As a result of this study, we found endothelial dysfunction at the macrovascular level in celiac patients.
    Echocardiography 12/2011; 29(4):471-7. · 1.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Mad honey intoxication occurs after ingestion of honey containing grayanotoxin. CASE REPORT: We report the case of a 36-year-old man who ingested mad honey and developed atrial fibrillation. DISCUSSION: Mad honey intoxication is often characterized by symptoms such as hypotension, bradycardia, and syncope. Patients may also experience gastrointestinal, neurologic, and cardiovascular symptoms due to intoxication. Cardiac rhythm abnormalities, including sinus bradycardia, atrioventricular blocks, and nodal rhythms, also may be observed. To our knowledge, this is the first case report of a 36-year old man developing atrial fibrillation with a slow ventricular response after mad honey ingestion.
    Journal of Emergency Medicine 11/2011; · 1.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aortic elastic properties have been shown to be an important predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Hyperthyroidism was shown to be an important cause of impaired aortic elastic properties both due to the direct effect of the thyroid hormones on the aorta and also due to modulating effects of thyroid hormones on the vascular renin angiotensin system. However, there is no study investigating the aortic elastic properties in Graves's patients who were euthyroid. The goal of the present study was to investigate the aortic elastic properties of patients with Graves' Ophtalmopathy (GO) who had been euthyroid for at least 3 months. A cross-sectional study was performed on 47 GO patients and 27 controls. Aortic-diastolic and aortic-systolic diameters, aortic strain, aortic distensibility, and aortic stiffness indices were calculated from the diameter of the thoracic aorta as measured by transthoracic echocardiography. The aortic stiffness index was markedly increased (31 ± 26 vs. 17 ± 8.9; p = 0.015) and aortic strain was markedly reduced (20.3 ± 10 % vs. 25.9 ± 12 %; p = 0.046) in the GO group relative to the control group. Aortic distensibility was statistically significantly decreased in the GO group as compared to the control group (9.5 ± 5.7 10(-3)/kPa vs. 13.5 ± 7.1 10(-3)/kPa; p = 0.022). Weak correlations were detected between GO severity and aortic distensibility (r = -0.333, p = 0.011) as well as the aortic stiffness index (r = 0.266, p = 0.044). Aortic elastic properties were impaired in patients with GO. Therefore, patients with GO, especially those with severe manifestations of the condition, should be followed closely with regard to the occurrence of future cardiovascular events.
    VASA.: Zeitschrift für Gefässkrankheiten. Journal for vascular diseases 02/2011; 40(1):41-8. · 1.01 Impact Factor
  • International Journal of Cardiology - INT J CARDIOL. 01/2011; 147.

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95 Citations
48.75 Total Impact Points

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Institutions

  • 2013–2014
    • Yıldırım Beyazıt Üniversitesi
      • Faculty of Medicine
      Engüri, Ankara, Turkey
    • Ankara University
      Engüri, Ankara, Turkey
  • 2008–2013
    • Ankara Atatürk Training and Research Hospital
      Engüri, Ankara, Turkey
  • 2007–2013
    • Ataturk Chest Diseases and Chest Surgery Education and Research Hospital
      Engüri, Ankara, Turkey
  • 2008–2010
    • İzmir Atatürk Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi
      Ismir, İzmir, Turkey