Publications (3)0.35 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: To determine predictive factors of bronchial fistula following pneumonectomy. In 14 years (1989-2003), we collect 58 cases of bronchial fistula following 725 consecutive pneumonectomy in the service of thoracic surgery of the Sainte Marguerite Hospital in Marseilles. There were 53 cases (91.4%) of cancers and 5 cases (8.6%) of various pathology. The average age of the patients was of 61 +/- 10 years (range 24 to 80 years). The sex ratio M/F was 8.7. The software of regression SPSS (version11.5) was used to identify the factors risk of a bronchial fistula after a univariate and multivariate analysis. The prevalence of the bronchial fistula after a pneumonectomy was 8%.The preoperative factors which increased to a significant degree the incidence of the bronchial dent to the univariate analysis were the chronic smoking (P < 0.001), the existence of COPD (P = 0.001) and of a previous thoracic surgery (P = 0.01). Operational data like a right- side pulmonary resection (P < 0.001), the type of bronchial stup carried out (P = 0.03) as and an extended pneumonectomy to the auricule (P = 0.03) were significant risk factors. With the logistic regression the significant risk factors were the chronic smoking (P = 0.002), the existence of COPD (P = 0.003), a previous pulmonary surgery (P = 0.03) and the right - side of the pneumonectomy (P < 0.001). The indication of the pneumonectomy was retained neither by the univariate analysis, nor by the logistic regression significant risk factors. The predictive factors of a bronchial fistula after a pneumonectomy are dominated by respiratory co-morbidities. To prevent this complication, we insist on the stop of the tobacco, a better respiratory preparation and the acquisition of a protocol adapted of the bronchial stub after a pneumonectomy particularly on the right side.Annales de Chirurgie 01/2006; 131(1):22-6. · 0.35 Impact Factor
Article: [Study of antigen HBs and antivirus antibodies of hepatitis C during hepatopathies in Mali].[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: A prospective study carried out in Bamako, Mali between July 1998 and January 1999 has assessed the seroprevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in 91 carrier patients of chronic hepatopathy at a cirrhrosis stage (53) or of hepato-cellular carcinoma (38) and to compare with in 92 blood donors as a control population. Only seroprevalence confirmed by a complementary test has been taken into account (RIBA). HCV seroprevalence reached 25% including all hepatopathies, 24% in cirrhrosis and 26% in hepato-cellular carcinomae (HCC) versus 4% in blood donors. Antigen HBs of hepatitis B virus has been found in 55% of patients, versus 25% of the control cases (p = 0.0006). On the whole, the two markers have been notified a little more often in HCC than in cirrhosis and the combination of the two markers has been more frequent during cirrhosis as well. The role of HCV played in cirrhosis and HCC onset in Mali appears to be important.Bulletin de la Société de pathologie exotique 09/2004; 97(3):161-4.