N Leclercq

Université Libre de Bruxelles, Bruxelles, Brussels Capital Region, Belgium

Are you N Leclercq?

Claim your profile

Publications (10)46.06 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Aim: While meta-analyses and clinical trials show improved survival in advanced NSCLC treated with platinum-containing chemotherapy, there are few data concerning front-line platinum-free ifosfamide-based regimens. We aimed to compare cisplatin-based chemotherapy to ifosfamide-gemcitabine (IG) with pre-defined second-line docetaxel. 693 Untreated advanced inoperable NSCLC cases were randomised to either GIP (gemcitabine, ifosfamide, cisplatin), DP (docetaxel, cisplatin) or IG. Primary outcome was overall survival. Median age of the patients was 58 years with a predominance of males (75%), adenocarcinoma (56%), Karnofsky PS 80-100 (77%) and stage-IV disease (81%). Median survival times were 8.7, 8.8 and 8.3 months for IG, GIP and DP (p=0.79). GIP presented with (p<0.05) greater neutropenia, thrombopenia, vomiting, while greater cardiotoxicity, diarrhea, peripheral neuropathy were observed for DP and encephalopathy for IG. In advanced NSCLC, cisplatin-based CT is not superior to a platinum-free regimen (ifosfamide-gemcitabine) with a favourable toxicity profile.
    Anticancer research 12/2013; 33(12):5477-82. · 1.71 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Clinical variables, like stage and performance status (PS), have predictive and prognostic values in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients treated with chemotherapy, not allowing adequate individual prediction. MicroRNA (miRNA) are non-coding RNAs regulating gene expression. In a prospective study, we assessed the predictive value for response and survival of tumour miRNA in NSCLC patients treated by 1st line cisplatin and vinorelbine. miRNA expression was analysed on a biopsy obtained during the diagnostic bronchoscopy, using TaqMan Low Density Arrays. The signature for response was derived using logistic regression with stepwise variable selection. The associations between overall survival and miRNA expression levels were estimated by using the Kaplan-Meier method, log-rank test, and Cox proportional hazard regression models to estimate the hazard ratios. In total, 38 patients with adequate tumour biopsies, treated with cisplatin-vinorelbine were included: male (n=27), 80-100 Karnofsky PS (n=27), adenocarcinoma (n=20), stage IV (n=30). One patient was considered not assessable for response but remained included in the survival analyses. Out of the 37 patients assessable for response, 16 partial responses (43%) were observed. A two miRNA signature (miR-149 and miR-375) was found predictive for response and was also associated to progression-free survival (p=0.05). Using a linear combination of the miR CT values with Cox's regression coefficients as weights, we constructed a prognostic score for overall survival including four miRNA (miR-200c, miR-424, miR-29c and miR-124). The signature distinguished patients with good (n=18) and poor (n=20) prognosis with respective median survival times of 47.3 months (95% CI 29.8-52.4) and 15.5 months (95% CI 9.1-22.8) (p<0.001; hazard ratio 21.1, 95% CI 4.7-94.9). miRNA signature allows predicting response and is of prognostic value for survival in patients with NSCLC treated with first line cisplatin and vinorelbine.
    Lung cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands) 08/2013; · 3.14 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Induction cisplatin-based CT improves survival in resectable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We aimed to determine the respective activity of third-generation (gemcitabine-vinorelbine-cisplatin [GVP]) in comparison with second-generation drugs CT (mitomycine-ifosfamide-cisplatin [MIP]) and their cost-effectiveness as neoadjuvant CT before surgery in NSCLC. Patients with histologically proven initially untreated resectable stages I-III NSCLC were randomised between three courses of MIP or GVP followed by surgery. A two-stage Simon design was used for each arm with resectability rate as primary endpoint. A cost minimisation analysis, considering the direct medical costs, was performed in the Belgian and French social security systems. From 2001 to 2007, 140 patients (pts) were randomised (MIP 69, GVP 71). Main characteristics were: stage I/II/III in 52, 37 and 51 pts, squamous histology in 82 pts, male 114 pts, median PS 90. Objective response rates to induction CT were 60% (MIP) and 65% (GVP) (p=0.55). Complete resection rates were 77% (MIP) and 80% (GVP) (p=0.62). Median survival times were 47.2 months (MIP) and 36.6 months (GVP) (p=0.41). Cost-analyses showed significant incremental costs with GVP. In conclusion, while both neoadjuvant chemotherapy regimens shared similar efficacy in patients with resectable NSCLC, costs were significantly higher for third-generation regimens.
    Lung cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands) 06/2012; 77(3):605-10. · 3.14 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to validate and compare published prognostic classifications for predicting the survival of patients with small cell lung cancer. We pooled data from phase III randomised clinical trials, and used Cox models for validation purposes and concordance probability estimates for assessing predictive ability. We included 693 patients. All the classifications impacted significantly on survival, with hazard ratios (HRs) in the range 1.57-1.68 (all p<0.0001). Median survival times were 16-19 months for the best predicted groups, while they were 6-7 months for the most poorly predicted groups. Most of the paired comparisons were statistically significant. We obtained similar results when restricting the analysis to patients with extensive disease. Multivariate Cox models for fitting survival data were also performed. The HRs for a single covariate were 8.23 (95% CI 5.88-11.69), and 9.46 (6.67-13.50), and for extensive disease were 5.60 (3.13-9.93), 12.49 (5.57-28.01) and 8.83 (4.66-16.64). Concordance probability estimates ranged 0.55-0.65 (overlapping confidence intervals). Published classifications were validated and suitable for use at a population level. As expected, prediction at an individual level remains problematic. A specific model designed for extensive-disease patients did not appear to perform better.
    European Respiratory Journal 05/2011; 38(3):657-63. · 6.36 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: No treatment is recommended for patients with malignant mesothelioma (MM) failing after first-line cisplatin-based chemotherapy. In vitro data suggested that valproic acid, a histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACi), had a proapoptotic effect and synergised with doxorubicin to induce apoptosis in MM cells. Our primary end-point was to determine response rate of combined valproic acid and doxorubicin in patients with unresectable MM failing after platinum-based chemotherapy. Treatment consisted of doxorubicin (60 mg·m⁻²) plus valproic acid. An interim analysis for response rate was planned after the first 16 registered patients. All the cases were centrally reviewed. From July 2006 to March 2009, 45 eligible patients with pleural MM were registered. The majority of the patients were male (73%), had a performance status (PS) ≥ 80 (76%) and an epithelioid subtype (80%). There were seven partial responses (response rate 16%; 95% CI 3-25%), all in patients with PS 80-100. The best disease control rate was 36% (95% CI 22-51%). Two toxic deaths were observed (febrile neutropenia and cerebral thrombotic event), both in patients with poor PS (60-70). Valproic acid, an HDACi, plus doxorubicin appeared an effective chemotherapy regimen in good PS (80-100) patients with refractory or recurrent MM, for which no standard therapy was available.
    European Respiratory Journal 01/2011; 37(1):129-35. · 6.36 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: As concomitant chemoradiotherapy for stage III NSCLC is associated with survival advantage in comparison to a sequential approach, we conducted a phase III randomised study aiming to determine the best sequence and safety of chemotherapy (CT) and chemoradiotherapy (CT-RT), using a regimen with cisplatin (CDDP), gemcitabine (GEM) and vinorelbine (VNR). Unresectable stage III NSCLC patients received CDDP (60 mg/m(2)), GEM (1g/m(2), days 1 and 8) and VNR (25mg/m(2), days 1 and 8) with reduced dosage of GEM and VNR during radiotherapy (66Gy). Two cycles of CT with radiotherapy followed by two further cycles of CT alone were administered in arm A or the reverse sequence in arm B. The study was prematurely closed for poor accrual due to administrative problems. Forty-nine eligible patients were randomised. Response rates and median survival times were, respectively 57% (95% CI: 36-78%) and 17 months (95% CI: 9.3-24.6 months) in arm A and 79% (95% CI: 64-94%) and 23.9 months (95% CI: 13.3-34.5 months) in arm B (p>0.05). Chemotherapy dose-intensity was significantly reduced in arm A. Grade 3-4 oesophagitis occurred in 5 patients. One case of grade 5 radiation pneumonitis was observed. In conclusion, chemoradiotherapy with CDDP, GEM and VNR appears feasible as initial treatment or after induction chemotherapy. Consolidation chemoradiotherapy seems less toxic with a better observed response rates and survival although no valid conclusion can be drawn from the comparison of both arms.
    Lung cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands) 10/2008; 64(2):187-93. · 3.14 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to determine in limited small-cell lung cancer if locoregional irradiation concurrently with induction chemotherapy with cisplatin and etoposide prolongs survival when cisplatin is given daily as a radiosensitiser. Two-hundred and four eligible patients were randomised between standard radiosensitised induction chemoradiotherapy (arm A) with cisplatin (90 mg/m(2) day 1) plus etoposide and daily radiosensitised induction chemoradiotherapy (arm B) with cisplatin (6 mg/m(2)/day) plus etoposide. Chemotherapy and chest irradiation (39.90 Gy in 15 fractions >3 weeks) both started on day 1. There was no difference in survival between both arms with respective median, 2 and 5 years of 15.5 months, 35% and 18% in arm A and 17.0 months, 38% and 21% in arm B (P = 0.50). Performance status and T status were identified as independent prognostic factors for survival. In terms of local control rate, there was a statistical trend in favour of arm A with 2% only local relapse versus 10% in arm B. Daily cisplatin radiosensitisation was associated with more oesophagitis and thrombopenia but less nephrotoxicity. Induction chemoradiotherapy resulted in both arms in good long-term survival, comparable to the best reported results and without improvement by daily cisplatin administration.
    Annals of Oncology 05/2008; 19(10):1691-7. · 7.38 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We aimed to evaluate, in a phase II study, the efficacy of the mitomycin-vinorelbine combination in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients, relapsing after taxane-based regimens, a situation in which no standard chemotherapy is currently available. Patients with NSCLC progressing or relapsing after taxane therapy, with a Karnofsky performance status 50-100, and without clinical or biological contra-indications, were given mitomycin (8 mg/m(2) day 1) plus vinorelbine (25mg/m(2) days 1 and 8) every 3 weeks. Responses were assessed every three cycles. Sixty-five eligible patients were registered between December 2000 and December 2005. Taxanes and cisplatin were previously administered in 100% and 88% of the patients, respectively. All but four received at least two previous chemotherapy regimens. Two hundred and twenty-two cycles of chemotherapy were administered. The main grade 3-4 toxicity was leucopenia, in 47% of the patients. Among 60 assessable patients, response rate was 10% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 4-21). Median progression-free survival (PFS) was 9.7 weeks (95% CI: 8.4-11.1) and median survival (MST) was 28.4 weeks (95% CI: 23.0-34.8). Patients always progressing on all chemotherapy regimens administered before mitomycin-vinorelbine (primary failures) had shorter median PFS (8.1 weeks) than those having at least once partial response (PR) or no change (NC) (secondary failures) (10.4 weeks) (p=0.02). Respective MST were 23.7 weeks and 29.3 weeks (p=0.16). In conclusion, mitomycin-vinorelbine combination is a moderately active regimen in heavily pre-treated patients with NSCLC relapsing or progressing after taxanes and platinum-based chemotherapy. Its toxicity is limited.
    Lung Cancer 03/2008; 61(3):378-84. · 3.39 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to determine the potential benefit of conventional cisplatin-based chemotherapy on patients with advanced nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and poor performance status (PS), defined as 60-70 on the Karnofsky scale. Retrospective analysis was carried out of a randomised trial performed in advanced NSCLC where 485 patients received three courses of gemcitabine+ifosfamide+cisplatin induction chemotherapy. Of the patients, 80% had good PS (Karnofsky 80-100) and 20% poor PS. Response rates were 38 and 28%, respectively. Clinical improvement, defined as achieving a good PS during chemotherapy, was observed overall in 25% of the poor PS patients, with rates of 38, 20 and 14%, respectively, in case of response, no change and progression. PS improved more quickly in the responders. Survival of patients with poor PS was significantly worse, but survival of responders was similar, irrespective of the initial poor or good PS. Although nonfatal toxicity was almost similar, there were more toxic deaths (including vascular and cardiac fatalities) in the poor PS patients (9.2 versus 2.1%). In conclusion, combination chemotherapy is associated with clinical improvement in a substantial number of patients with advanced nonsmall cell lung cancer of poor performance status.
    European Respiratory Journal 01/2008; 30(6):1186-92. · 6.36 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In the context of a phase III trial comparing in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) sequential to conventional administration of cisplatin-based chemotherapy and paclitaxel, we evaluated the activity of paclitaxel as second-line chemotherapy and investigated any relation of its efficacy with the type of failure after cisplatin. Patients received three courses of induction GIP (gemcitabine, ifosfamide, cisplatin). Non-progressing patients were randomised between three further courses of GIP or three courses of paclitaxel. Second-line paclitaxel was given to patients with primary failure (PF) to GIP and to those progressing after randomisation to further GIP (secondary failure or SF). One hundred sixty patients received second-line paclitaxel. Response rates were 7.7% for PF and 11.6% for SF (P=0.42). Median survival times (calculated from paclitaxel start) were 4.1 and 7.1 months for PF and SF (P=0.002). In multivariate analysis, three variables were independently associated with better survival: SF (hazard ratio (HR)=1.55, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.08-2.22; P=0.02), normal haemoglobin level (HR=1.56, 95% CI 1.08-2.26; P=0.02) and minimal weight loss (HR=1.79, 95% CI 1.26-2.55; P=0.001). Paclitaxel in NSCLC patients, whether given for primary or for SF after cisplatin-based chemotherapy, demonstrates activity similar to other drugs considered active as second-line therapy.
    British Journal of Cancer 07/2007; 96(11):1644-9. · 5.08 Impact Factor