Machiko Tanakaya

Iwakuni Clinical Center, Ивакуни, Yamaguchi, Japan

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Publications (3)2.54 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the factors related to poor prognosis of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients in one local area of Japan. From May 1, 2002 to April 30, 2008, a total of 442 patients with cardiopulmonary arrest were transferred for resuscitation to the National Hospital Organization, Iwakuni Clinical Center. Of 325 patients with cardiopulmonary arrest of cardiac etiology, 126 patients were witnessed by a bystander. However, only 37 received bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation, 13 had shockable cardiac rhythm, 3 survived 1 month, and 2 had a good neurological discharge. Multivariate analysis of overall cardiac arrest showed that 1-month survival and neurologically favorable discharge were associated with bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (P=0.049 and 0.013) and initial shockable cardiac rhythm (P=0.001 and 0.007). In this region, the survival rate for patients with cardiopulmonary arrest was lower than that reported in other areas, probably because fewer patients received bystander CPR or had shockable cardiac rhythm. This may result from CPR being less popularized in this region than in other areas, suggesting that raising the awareness of CPR would improve the survival rate.
    International Heart Journal 08/2009; 50(4):489-500. · 1.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There is little information available concerning the influence of right bundle branch block (RBBB) on the prognosis of patients with inferior myocardial infarction (MI). In this study we evaluated the influence of RBBB on the short-term prognosis of patients with inferior MI. Our study subjects were 1,265 hospitalized patients with Q wave MI. Patients were divided into 4 groups based on the presence or absence of RBBB and on the location of the infarction. RBBB was classified into 4 categories according to the timing of its appearance and its duration as new permanent, transient, old and age indeterminate. In-hospital death and pulmonary congestion were observed more frequently in patients with RBBB than in those without RBBB. Moreover, in inferior MI as in anterior MI, in-hospital death and pulmonary congestion occurred more frequently in new permanent RBBB patients than in patients with other types of RBBB. Multivariate regression analysis reveals that new permanent RBBB was a strong independent predictor for an adverse short-term prognosis in patients with inferior MI, as well as in patients with anterior MI. New permanent RBBB during inferior MI is a strong independent predictor for increased in-hospital mortality, regardless of the infarction location.
    Acta medica Okayama 03/2009; 63(1):25-33. · 0.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Postprandial hypotension is an important hemodynamic abnormality in diabetes mellitus, but few reports are available on the relationship between autonomic dysfunction and postprandial hypotension. Ten diabetic patients and 10 healthy volunteers were recruited for this study. Postural blood pressure and heart rate changes were measured before lunch, and then the hemodynamic responses to a standardized meal were investigated. Holter electrocardiogram (ECG) monitoring was conducted for assessing spectral powers and time-domain parameters of RR variations. Postural changes from the supine to the upright position decreased the systolic blood pressure of the diabetics from 133(+/-)16 to 107(+/-)20 mmHg (p<0.01), but did not decrease the systolic blood pressure of the controls. The heart rate remained constant in the diabetics but was increased in the controls. Food ingestion decreased systolic blood pressure in the diabetics, with a maximum reduction of 25(+/-)5 mmHg. This decrease was not associated with any changes in the ratio of low frequency to high frequency, and yet the heart rate remained almost constant. Indexes involving parasympathetic tone were not affected. Food ingestion did not affect blood pressure in the control group. These findings suggest that lack of compensatory sympathetic activation is a factor contributing to postprandial hypotension in diabetics, and that parasympathetic drive does not make a significant contribution to this condition.
    Acta medica Okayama 08/2007; 61(4):191-7. · 0.65 Impact Factor