P Tasso

IRCCS Istituto G. Gaslini, Genova, Liguria, Italy

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Publications (12)39.98 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: CD10 constitutes a favourable prognostic marker for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. Since correlations between CD10, cell cycle and apoptotic abilities were demonstrated in various cell types, we investigated whether differences existed in the cycling/apoptotic abilities of CD10-positive and CD10-negative B acute lymphoblastic leukaemia cells. Twenty-eight cases of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (mean age of 6.8 years) were subdivided into two groups according to high (17 cases, 93.2+/-4.5%, MRFI 211+/-82 CD10-positive cells) or low (11 cases, 11.5+/-6.2%, MRFI 10+/-7 CD10-negative cells) expression of CD10. CD10-positive acute lymphoblastic leukaemia cells were cycling cells with elevated c-myc levels and propensity to apoptosis, whereas CD10-negative acute lymphoblastic leukaemia cells had lower cycling capacities and c-myc levels, and were resistant to apoptosis in vitro. A close correlation between all these properties was demonstrated by the observations that the few CD10-positive cells found in the CD10-negative acute lymphoblastic leukaemia group displayed elevated c-myc and cycling capacities and were apoptosis prone. Moreover, exposure of CD10-positive acute lymphoblastic leukaemia B cells to a peptide nucleic acid anti-gene specific for the second exon of c-myc caused inhibition of c-myc expression and reduced cell cycling and apoptotic abilities as well as decreased CD10 expression.
    British Journal of Cancer 07/2002; 86(11):1776-85. · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: beta2-adrenoreceptor agonists have the ability to downregulate in vitro the proliferative response of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (BMCs). This activity could be related to a variety of beta2-adrenoreceptor-mediated functions, including induction of cell apoptosis in activated T-cells. To test this hypothesis, BMCs from atopic subjects, sensitized to house dust mites (Dermatophagoides [Der p]) and/or to Parietaria were incubated with fenoterol (10(-8)-10(-5) M) in the presence of (a) purified allergen extracts (Der p [5 microg/mL] or Parietaria [5 microg/mL]) or (b) antigens (tetanus toxoid [1 microg/mL] or Candida albicans [5 x 10(5) bodies/mL]). The BMC proliferation was assessed by [3H] thymidine incorporation and cell apoptosis was assessed by evaluating DNA fragmentation by a fluorescence technique, using propidium iodide. In cultures stimulated with Der p or with Parietaria, fenoterol induced a dose-dependent inhibition of BMC proliferation, significant also at the lowest concentration tested (10(-8) M) (p < 0.05, each comparison). In contrast, the inhibitory activity of the drug on tetanus-toxoid-stimulated BMCs was significant only at the highest dose tested (10(-5)M) (p < 0.05), whereas no effect was seen when BMCs were stimulated with C. albicans extract (p > 0.05). The different inhibitory efficacy of fenoterol appeared to be related to the degree of activation of beta2-adrenoreceptors on the different BMC populations that responded to the different stimuli. Indeed, in the presence of fenoterol (10(-6) and 10(-5)M), a significant increase in cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) levels was seen in Der p- or Parietaria-stimulated cells (p < 0.05; each comparison), but not in cell cultures stimulated with tetanus toxoid or with C. albicans extracts (p > 0.05; each comparison). Finally, the percentage of cells with fragmented DNA was lower in cultures stimulated with Der p or Parietaria than in those stimulated with tetanus toxoid or C. albicans, and the presence of fenoterol did not modify cell apoptosis (p > 0.05; each comparison). Thus, the different inhibitory activity of fenoterol on BMCs activated by allergens (Der p or Parietaria) or by antigens (tetanus toxoid or C. albicans) seems to be related to differences in beta2-adrenoreceptor expression and/or function in the different antigen-specific T-cell subsets, but it is not influenced by changes in cell apoptosis.
    Journal of Asthma 05/2000; 37(3):281-90. · 1.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: β2-adrenoreceptor agonists have the ability to downregulate in vitro the proliferative response of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (BMCs). This activity could be related to a variety of β2-adrenoreceptor-mediated functions, including induction of cell apoptosis in activated T-cells. To test this hypothesis, BMCs from atopic subjects, sensitized to house dust mites (Dermatophagoides [Der p]) and/or to Parietaria were incubated with fenoterol (10−8-10−5M) in the presence of (a) purified allergen extracts (Der p [5 μg/mL] or Parietaria [5 μg/mL]) or (b) antigens (tetanus toxoid [1 μg/mL] or Candida albicans [5 ± 105 bodies/mL]). The BMC proliferation was assessed by [3H] thymidine incorporation and cell apoptosis was assessed by evaluating DNA fragmentation by a fluorescence technique, using propidium iodide. In cultures stimulated with Der p or with Parietaria, fenoterol induced a dose-dependent inhibition of BMC proliferation, significant also at the lowest concentration tested (10−8M) (p < 0.05, each comparison). In contrast, the inhibitory activity of the drug on tetanus-toxoid-stimulated BMCs was significant only at the highest dose tested (10−5M) (p < 0.05), whereas no effect was seen when BMCs were stimulated with C. albicans extract (p > 0.05). The different inhibitory efficacy of fenoterol appeared to be related to the degree of activation of pYadrenoreceptors on the different BMC populations that responded to the different stimuli, indeed, in the presence of fenoterol (10−6 and 10−5M), a significant increase in cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) levels was seen in Der p- or Parietaria-stimulated cells (p < 0.05; each comparison), but not in cell cultures stimulated with tetanus toxoid or with C. albicans extracts (p > 0.05; each comparison). Finally, the percentage of cells with fragmented DNA was lower in cultures stimulated with Der p or Parietaria than in those stimulated with tetanus toxoid or C. albicans, and the presence of fenoterol did not modify cell apoptosis (p > 0.05; each comparison). Thus, the different inhibitory activity of fenoterol on BMCs activated by allergens (Der p or Parietaria) or by antigens (tetanus toxoid or C. albicans) seems to be related to differences in β2-adrenoreceptor expression and/or function in the different antigen-specific T-cell subsets, but it is not influenced by changes in cell apoptosis.
    Journal of Asthma - J ASTHMA. 01/2000; 37(3):281-290.
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    ABSTRACT: Recent studies performed in mice knocked out for the tumor necrosis factor (TNF ), the lymphotoxin-alpha, or the type I TNF receptor (R), genes have shown that these animals display gross defects in germinal center (GC) formation, suggesting that members of the TNF and TNFR superfamilies are involved in the control of B-cell migration. Based on these premises, we have here investigated the effects of human recombinant (r) TNF on the polarization and locomotion of tonsillar B cells. rTNF increased the spontaneous polarization and locomotion of unfractionated tonsillar B lymphocytes in a dose-dependent manner by inducing a true chemotactic response. Memory (IgD-, CD38(-)) and naive (IgD+, CD38(-)), but not GC (IgD-, CD38(+)) B cells purified from total tonsillar B lymphocytes, showed a significantly higher locomotion in the presence than in the absence of rTNF. Accordingly, type I and II TNF receptors (TNFRs) were detected by flow cytometry on the surface of memory and naive, but not GC, B lymphocytes. Blocking experiments with monoclonal antibodies to type I or II TNFR showed that rTNF enhanced the spontaneous chemotaxis of memory and naive B cells through the selective engagement of type II TNFR. Finally, the TNF gene was found to be expressed in memory, naive and GC B lymphocytes; the cytokine was released in culture supernatants from the three B-cell subsets after stimulation. These data may support the hypothesis that human TNF is involved in the paracrine and perhaps autocrine control of B-cell migration in secondary lymphoid tissues.
    Blood 01/1998; 90(11):4493-501. · 9.78 Impact Factor
  • A Corcione, P Tasso, V Pistoia
    Leukemia and Lymphoma 11/1997; 27(3-4):239-46. · 2.61 Impact Factor
  • Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 05/1997; 815:364-6. · 4.38 Impact Factor
  • Pediatric Research 01/1997; 41(5). · 2.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Neuroblastoma (NB) is a major-histocompatibility-complex(MHC)-negative neuroectodermal tumour that is often infiltrated with lymphocytes. A detailed characterization of NB-associated tumour-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) has never been carried out. Here we have investigated the immunophenotype and the cytotoxic activities of TIL from nine and seven NB patients respectively. Furthermore, the T cell receptor (TcR) variability and the patterns of cytokine gene expression of fresh versus recombinant (r) interleukin (IL)-2-cultured TIL were studied in four NB cases. The results obtained showed the following: (1) freshly isolated TIL were comprised of a mixture of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells partially expressing HLA-DR and/or CD25. The CD4/CD8 ratio ranged from 0.5 to 5 in the different cases. Upon culture of TIL with rIL-2, an increased proportion of CD56+ and CD8+ lymphocytes was consistently observed; (2) IL-2-expanded TIL lysed natural-killer(NK)sensitive and lymphokine-activated-killer(LAK)-sensitive target cell lines; (3) reverse-transcriptase/polymerase-chain-reaction (RT-PCR) experiments showed that most TcR V beta genes were expressed both in fresh and in cultured TIL, suggesting that such cell populations were polyclonal; (4) interferon gamma, IL-4, IL-5, tumour necrosis factor (TNF) alpha, IL-8, IL-10 mRNA and, to a lesser extent, IL-2 mRNA were expressed by cultured TIL, as assessed by RT-PCR; the corresponding tumour samples consistently contained TNF alpha, IL-8 and IL-10 mRNA, whereas IL-2 and IFN gamma mRNA were faintly expressed in some NB tumours and IL-4 and IL-5 mRNA were never detected. A total of 90 clones were subsequently raised from IL-2-expanded TIL from six NB patients; 87/90 clones were of T cell lineage with a CD4+ or CD8+ immunophenotype, whereas the 3 remaining clones were of NK cell origin. Upon triggering of the CD3-TcR complex, 64% CD4+ and 77% CD8+ T cell clones killed the murine P815 mastocytoma cell line. Virtually no T cell clone lysed a LAK-sensitive NB cell line whereas 15% CD4+ and 17% CD8+ clones mediated NK-like activity against the K562 cell line. Finally, the patterns of cytokine production by CD4+ clones were roughly consistent with those of a T helper (TH) 1 profile and similar to those observed in CD8+ clones.
    Cancer Immunology and Immunotherapy 04/1996; 42(3):170-8. · 3.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Human Toxoplasma gondii (Tg)-specific T cell clones were raised by infecting peripheral blood mononuclear cells (MNC) from two healthy, latently infected individuals with Tg trophozoites. All of the clones had a CD4+ immunophenotype and produced simultaneously interleukin (IL)-2, interferon (IFN)-gamma, IL-4 and IL-5 upon mitogen or antigen stimulation. Tg-specific T cell clones were classified as T helper of type 0 (Th0) since most of them released roughly comparable amounts of IFN-gamma and IL-4. In some clones, a trend to an increased production of IFN-gamma following antigen-specific as compared to non-specific stimulation was observed. The Th0 phenotype was also expressed by T cell clones that had been raised from bulk cultures performed in the presence of IL-4 or IFN-gamma. All of the Tg-specific T cell clones were cytolytic in a non-specific assay which involves the triggering of the CD3-T cell receptor (TcR) complex. Some clones specifically lysed an autologous lymphoblastoid cell line (LCL) that had been infected with Tg trophozoites. Finally, most of the Tg-specific T cell clones produced IL-10, irrespective of whether they had been raised from bulk cultures incubated in the presence or absence of IL-4 or IFN-gamma. Taken together, these findings suggest that Tg-specific Th0 helper cell clones from healthy, latently infected individuals, beside activating toxoplasmacidal mechanisms through IFN-gamma release, might limit the magnitude of the immune response of the parasite by killing Tg-infected antigen-presenting cells and by releasing IL-10.
    European Journal of Immunology 06/1995; 25(5):1298-305. · 4.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effect of 13-cis-retinoic acid (cRA) and all-trans-retinoic acid (tRA) used alone or in combination with interferon alpha-2a (alpha-IFN 2a) was tested on three established human cell lines: KB (epidermoid carcinoma of the oral cavity), SCC-25 (tongue squamous cell carcinoma) and MCF-7 (mammary carcinoma). Both retinoids significantly decreased cell proliferation (growth curves) and colony forming efficiency (CFE) in all cell lines, in a dose-dependent way (at a concentration ranging from 10(-5) to 10(-9) M) and differing from line to line, following the pattern: MCF-7 > SCC-25 > KB. Retinoids at any concentration (already at 10(-7) M) combined with alpha-IFN 2a (ranging from 100 to 500 IU/ml) were more effective in inhibiting cell proliferation than each of the two compounds alone. This was particularly evident with SCC-25 cells. Concerning MCF-7 cells, on the contrary, the effects produced by the association suggested a possible additive more than synergistic amplification of growth inhibition.
    Cancer Letters 07/1994; 82(2):209-16. · 5.02 Impact Factor
  • European Journal of Cancer Prevention - EUR J CANCER PREV. 01/1993; 2.
  • European Journal of Cancer Prevention - EUR J CANCER PREV. 01/1993; 2.