Min Jin Go

Uppsala University, Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden

Are you Min Jin Go?

Claim your profile

Publications (61)627.61 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Chronic ethanol consumption induces pancreatic β-cell dysfunction through glucokinase (GCK) nitration and downregulation, leading to impaired glucose tolerance and insulin resistance; but the underlying mechanism remain largely unknown. Here, we demonstrate that GCK gene expression and promoter activity in pancreatic β-cells were suppressed by chronic ethanol exposure in vivo and in vitro; whereas expression of activating transcription factor 3 (ATF3) and its binding to the putative ATF/CREB site (from -287 bp to -158 bp) on GCK promoter were upregulated. Furthermore, in vitro ethanol-induced ATF3 inhibited the positive effect of PDX-1 on GCK transcriptional regulation, enhanced recruitment of HDAC1/2 and histone H3 deacetylation, and subsequently augmented the interaction of HDAC1/PDX-1 on the GCK promoter, which were diminished by ATF3 siRNA. Corroboratory, in vivo ATF3-silencing reversed ethanol-mediated GCK downregulation and β-cell dysfunction, followed by the amelioration of impaired glucose tolerance and insulin resistance. Together, we identified ethanol-induced ATF3 fosters β-cell dysfunction via GCK downregulation and that its loss ameliorates metabolic syndromes and could be a potential therapeutic target in treating T2D. And also, ATF3 gene is associated with the induction of T2D and alcohol consumption-induced metabolic impairment and thus may play as the major negative regulator for glucose homeostasis.
    The Journal of biological chemistry. 07/2014;
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: ecent genetic association studies have identified 55 genetic loci associated with obesity or body mass index (BMI). The vast majority, 51 loci, however, were identified in European-ancestry populations. We conducted a meta-analysis of associations between BMI and approximately 2.5 million genotyped or imputed SNPs among 86 757 individuals of Asian ancestry, followed by in silico and de novo replication among 7488 to 47 352 additional Asian-ancestry individuals. We identified four novel BMI-associated loci near the KCNQ1 (rs2237892, P=9.29×10-13), ALDH2/MYL2 (rs671, P=3.40×10-11; rs12229654, P=4.56×10-9), ITIH4 (rs2535633, P=1.77×10-10), and NT5C2 (rs11191580, P=3.83×10-8) genes. The association of BMI with rs2237892, rs671, and rs12229654 was significantly stronger among men than among women. Of the 51 BMI-associated loci initially identified in European-ancestry populations, we confirmed 8 loci at the genome-wide significance level (P<5.0×10-8) and an additional 14 at P<1.0×10-3 with the same direction of effect as reported previously. Findings from this analysis expand our knowledge of the genetic basis of obesity.
    Human Molecular Genetics 05/2014; · 7.69 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Genetic factors are thought to be an important determinant of thyroid function and autoimmunity. However, there are limited data on genetic variants in Asians. In this study, we performed a genome-wide association study on plasma thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and free thyroxin (fT4) concentration and anti-thyroid peroxidase (anti-TPO) antibody positivity in 4,238 Korean subjects. In the stage 1 genome scan, 3,396 participants from the Ansung cohort were investigated using 1.42 million genotyped or imputed markers. In the stage 2 follow-up, 10 markers were genotyped in 842 participants from the Korean Longitudinal Study on Health and Aging cohort. An intronic variant in VAV3, rs12126655, which has been reported in Europeans, was significantly associated with plasma TSH concentration in the joint stage 1 and 2 analyses (P=2.2×10(-8)). We observed that a novel variant, rs2071403, located 75 base-pairs proximal to the translational start site of TPO was significantly associated with plasma anti-TPO antibody positivity in the joint stage 1 and 2 analyses (P=1.3×10(-10)). This variant had a marginal sex specific effect, and its association was more significant in females. Subjects possessing the rs2071403A allele, associated with an absence of the anti-TPO antibody, had decreased TPO mRNA expression in their thyroid tissue. Another intronic variant of HLA-DPB2, rs733208, had a suggestive association with anti-TPO antibody positivity (P=4.2×10(-7)). In conclusion, we have identified genetic variants that are strongly associated with TSH level and anti-TPO antibody positivity in Koreans. Further replications and meta-analysis are required to confirm these findings.
    Human Molecular Genetics 04/2014; · 7.69 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1C) is used as a measure of glycemic control and also as a diagnostic criterion for diabetes mellitus. To discover novel loci harbouring common variants associated with HbA1C in East Asians, we conducted a meta-analysis of 13 genome wide association studies (N=21,026). We replicated our findings in 3 additional studies comprising 11,576 individuals of East Asian ancestry. 10 variants showed associations that reached genome wide significance in the discovery dataset of which 9 [4 novel variants at TMEM79 (P-value 1.3 × 10(-23)), HBS1L/MYB (8.5 × 10(-15)), MYO9B (9.0 × 10(-12)) and CYBA (1.1 × 10(-8)) as well as 5 variants at loci that had been previously identified (CDKAL1, G6PC2/ABCB11, GCK, ANK1, and FN3K)] showed consistent evidence of association in replication datasets. These variants explained 1.76% of the variance in HbA1C. Several of these variants (TMEM79, HBS1L/MYB, CYBA, MYO9B, ANK1, and FN3K) showed no association with either blood glucose or type 2 diabetes. Amongst individuals with non-diabetic levels of fasting glucose (<7.0 mmol/l) but elevated (>=6.5%) HbA1c, 36.1% had HbA1C<6.5% after adjustment for these 6 variants. . Our East Asian GWAS meta-analysis has identified novel variants associated with HbA1C as well as demonstrating that the effects of known variants are largely transferable across ethnic groups. Variants affecting erythrocyte parameters rather than glucose metabolism may be relevant to the use of HbA1C for diagnosing diabetes in these populations.
    Diabetes 03/2014; · 7.90 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To further understanding of the genetic basis of type 2 diabetes (T2D) susceptibility, we aggregated published meta-analyses of genome-wide association studies (GWAS), including 26,488 cases and 83,964 controls of European, east Asian, south Asian and Mexican and Mexican American ancestry. We observed a significant excess in the directional consistency of T2D risk alleles across ancestry groups, even at SNPs demonstrating only weak evidence of association. By following up the strongest signals of association from the trans-ethnic meta-analysis in an additional 21,491 cases and 55,647 controls of European ancestry, we identified seven new T2D susceptibility loci. Furthermore, we observed considerable improvements in the fine-mapping resolution of common variant association signals at several T2D susceptibility loci. These observations highlight the benefits of trans-ethnic GWAS for the discovery and characterization of complex trait loci and emphasize an exciting opportunity to extend insight into the genetic architecture and pathogenesis of human diseases across populations of diverse ancestry.
    Nature Genetics 03/2014; 46(3):234-244. · 35.21 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Quantitative ultrasound of the heel captures heel bone properties that independently predict fracture risk and, with bone mineral density (BMD) assessed by x-ray (DXA), may be convenient alternatives for evaluating osteoporosis and fracture risk. We performed a meta-analysis of genome-wide association (GWA) studies to assess the genetic determinants of heel broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA, n=14,260), velocity of sound (VOS, n=15,514) and BMD (n=4,566) in 13 discovery cohorts. Independent replication involved 7 cohorts with GWA data (in silico n=11,452) and new genotyping in 15 cohorts (de novo n=24,902). In combined random effects meta-analysis of the discovery and replication cohorts, 9 SNPs had genome-wide significant (p<5×10(-8)) associations with heel bone properties. Alongside SNPs within or near previously identified osteoporosis susceptibility genes including ESR1 (6q25.1: rs4869739, rs3020331, rs2982552), SPTBN1 (2p16.2: rs11898505), RSPO3 (6q22.33: rs7741021), WNT16 (7q31.31: rs2908007), DKK1 (10q21.1: rs7902708), and GPATCH1 (19q13.11: rs10416265), we identified a new locus on chromosome 11q14.2 (rs597319 close to TMEM135, a gene recently linked to osteoblastogenesis and longevity) significantly associated with both BUA and VOS (p<8.23×10(-14)). In meta-analyses involving 25 cohorts with up to 14,985 fracture cases, six of 10 SNPs associated with heel bone properties at p<5×10(-6) also had the expected direction of association with any fracture (p<0.05), including 3 SNPs with p<0.005: 6q22.33 (rs7741021), 7q31.31 (rs2908007), and 10q21.1 (rs7902708). In conclusion, this GWA study reveals the effect of several genes common to central DXA-derived BMD and heel ultrasound/DXA measures and points to a new genetic locus with potential implications for better understanding of osteoporosis pathophysiology.
    Human Molecular Genetics 01/2014; · 7.69 Impact Factor
  • Nature genetics. 01/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To date, genome-wide population-based association studies have been predominantly conducted on genetic predispositions in adult individuals. In uncovering childhood FPG susceptibility, a combined meta-analysis identified a novel LEPR locus (rs17407594) reaching genome-wide significance (n = 1,260, Padd = 4.98 × 10− 8). We also observed an association with type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk in the Asia Genetic Epidemiology Network (AGEN) consortium (n = 18,817, Padd = 2.06 × 10− 2). In conclusion, our findings might expand understanding of genetic architecture contributing to glucose regulation and T2D risk.
    Genomics 01/2014; · 3.01 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Genetic risk factors for hypertension may have age or gender specificity and pleiotropic effects. This study aims to measure the risk of genetic and non-genetic factors in the occurrence of hypertension and related diseases, with consideration of potential confounding factors and age-gender stratification. A discovery set of 352,228 genotyped plus 1.8 million imputed single-nucleotide polymorphisms were analyzed for 2,886 hypertensive cases and 3,440 healthy controls obtained from two community-based cohorts in Korea, and selected gene variants were replicated in the Health Examinee cohort (665 cases and 1,285 controls). Genome-wide association analyses were conducted in 12 groups stratified by age and gender after adjusting for potential covariates under three genetic models. Age, rural area residence, body mass index, family history of hypertension, male gender, current alcohol drinking status, and current smoking status were significantly associated with hypertension (P = 4 × 10(-151) to 0.011). Five gene variants, rs11066280 (C12orf51), rs12229654 and rs3782889 (MYL2), rs2072134 (OAS3), rs2093395 (TREML2), and rs17249754 (ATP2B1), were found to be associated with hypertension mostly in men (P = 4.76 × 10(-14) to 4.46 × 10(-7) in the joint analysis); three SNPs (rs11066280, rs12229654, and rs3782889) remained significant after Bonferroni correction in an independent population. Three gene variants, rs12229654, rs17249754, and rs11066280, were significantly associated with metabolic disorders such as hyperlipidemia and diabetes (P = 0.00071 to 0.0097, respectively). Careful consideration of the potential confounding effects in future genome-wide association studies is necessary to uncover the genetic underpinnings of complex diseases.
    Human Genetics 10/2013; · 4.63 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Several association studies have implicated the PARK2 gene that encodes parkin - the key molecule orchestrating the mitochondrial quality control system - as a candidate susceptibility gene for diabetes. A total of 7,551 unrelated Korean KARE cohort subjects were analyzed to investigate the association between the PARK2 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and quantitative glycemic traits. Two SNPs, rs10455889 and rs9365294, were significantly associated with fasting plasma glucose level (p=∼1.2×10(-4)) and insulin secretion indices (p=∼7.4×10(-5)) in male KARE subjects. Parkin was expressed predominantly in the rat pancreatic islets. Downregulation of the Park2 gene in rat INS-1 β-cells resulted in a significant decrease in the glucose-stimulated insulin secretion, intracellular insulin gene expression, and intracellular ATP level. The Park2-depleted β-cells also exhibited increased mitochondrial fragmentation and ROS production and decreased mitochondrial membrane potential. Both population-based statistical evaluation and experimental evidence demonstrated a fundamental role of the PARK2 gene in the maintenance of β-cell function.
    Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology 10/2013; · 4.04 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We conducted a genome-wide association study meta-analysis of mean arterial pressure and pulse pressure among 26 600 East Asian participants (stage 1) followed by replication study of up to 28 783 participants (stage 2). For novel loci, statistical significance was determined by a P<5.0×10(-8) in joint analysis of stage 1 and stage 2 data. For loci reported by the previous mean arterial and pulse pressure genome-wide association study meta-analysis in Europeans, evidence of transethnic replication was determined by consistency in effect direction and a Bonferroni-corrected P<1.4×10(-3). No novel loci were identified by the current study. Five independent mean arterial pressure variants demonstrated robust evidence for transethnic replication including rs17249754 at ATP2B1 (P=7.5×10(-15)), rs2681492 at ATP2B1 (P=3.4×10(-7)), rs11191593 at NT5C2 (1.1×10(-6)), rs3824755 at CYP17A1 (P=1.2×10(-6)), and rs13149993 at FGF5 (P=2.4×10(-4)). Two additional variants showed suggestive evidence of transethnic replication (consistency in effect direction and P<0.05), including rs319690 at MAP4 (P=0.014) and rs1173771 at NPR3 (P=0.018). For pulse pressure, robust evidence of replication was identified for 2 independent variants, including rs17249754 at ATP2B1 (P=1.2×10(-5)) and rs11191593 at NT5C2 (P=1.1×10(-3)), with suggestive evidence of replication among an additional 2 variants including rs3824755 at CYP17A1 (P=6.1×10(-3)) and rs2681492 at ATP2B1 (P=9.0×10(-3)). Replicated variants demonstrated consistency in effect sizes between East Asian and European samples, with effect size differences ranging from 0.03 to 0.24 mm Hg for mean arterial pressure and from 0.03 to 0.21 mm Hg for pulse pressure. In conclusion, we present the first evidence of transethnic replication of several mean arterial and pulse pressure loci in an East Asian population.
    Hypertension 09/2013; · 6.87 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Liver enzyme elevations, as an indicator of liver function, are widely associated with metabolic diseases. Genome-wide population-based association studies have identified a genetic susceptibility to liver enzyme elevations and their related traits; however, the genetic architecture in childhood remains largely unknown. We performed a genome-wide association study to identify new genetic loci for liver enzyme levels in a Korean childhood cohort (n = 484). We observed three novel loci (rs4949718, rs80311637, and rs596406) that were multiply associated with elevated levels of alanine transaminase and aspartate transaminase. Although there are some limitations, including genetic power, additional replication and functional characterization will support the clarity on the genetic contribution that the ST6GALNAC3, ADAMTS9, and CELF2 genes have in childhood liver function.
    Genomics & informatics. 09/2013; 11(3):149-154.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Elevated resting heart rate is associated with greater risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality. In a 2-stage meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies in up to 181,171 individuals, we identified 14 new loci associated with heart rate and confirmed associations with all 7 previously established loci. Experimental downregulation of gene expression in Drosophila melanogaster and Danio rerio identified 20 genes at 11 loci that are relevant for heart rate regulation and highlight a role for genes involved in signal transmission, embryonic cardiac development and the pathophysiology of dilated cardiomyopathy, congenital heart failure and/or sudden cardiac death. In addition, genetic susceptibility to increased heart rate is associated with altered cardiac conduction and reduced risk of sick sinus syndrome, and both heart rate-increasing and heart rate-decreasing variants associate with risk of atrial fibrillation. Our findings provide fresh insights into the mechanisms regulating heart rate and identify new therapeutic targets.
    Nature Genetics 04/2013; · 35.21 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Elevated resting heart rate is associated with greater risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality. In a 2-stage meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies in up to 181,171 individuals, we identified 14 new loci associated with heart rate and confirmed associations with all 7 previously established loci. Experimental downregulation of gene expression in Drosophila melanogaster and Danio rerio identified 20 genes at 11 loci that are relevant for heart rate regulation and highlight a role for genes involved in signal transmission, embryonic cardiac development and the pathophysiology of dilated cardiomyopathy, congenital heart failure and/or sudden cardiac death. In addition, genetic susceptibility to increased heart rate is associated with altered cardiac conduction and reduced risk of sick sinus syndrome, and both heart rate–increasing and heart rate–decreasing variants associate with risk of atrial fibrillation. Our findings provide fresh insights into the mechanisms regulating heart rate and identify new therapeutic targets.
    Nature Genetics 04/2013; · 35.21 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Elevated resting heart rate is associated with greater risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality. In a 2-stage meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies in up to 181,171 individuals, we identified 14 new loci associated with heart rate and confirmed associations with all 7 previously established loci. Experimental downregulation of gene expression in Drosophila melanogaster and Danio rerio identified 20 genes at 11 loci that are relevant for heart rate regulation and highlight a role for genes involved in signal transmission, embryonic cardiac development and the pathophysiology of dilated cardiomyopathy, congenital heart failure and/or sudden cardiac death. In addition, genetic susceptibility to increased heart rate is associated with altered cardiac conduction and reduced risk of sick sinus syndrome, and both heart rate–increasing and heart rate–decreasing variants associate with risk of atrial fibrillation. Our findings provide fresh insights into the mechanisms regulating heart rate and identify new therapeutic targets.
    Nature Genetics 04/2013; · 35.21 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Most recently, 1-h hyperglycemia has been recognized as an additional risk factor for type 2 diabetes. To date, previous genome-wide association studies for glycemic traits have a limited impact on the fasting state and 2-h plasma glucose level in an oral glucose challenge. To identify genetic susceptibility in different stages of glucose tolerance, we performed a meta-analysis for glycemic traits including 1-h plasma glucose (1-hPG) from 14 232 non-diabetic individuals in the Korean population. Newly implicated variants (MYL2, C12orf51 and OAS1) were found to be significantly associated with 1-hPG. We also demonstrated associations with gestational diabetes mellitus. Our results could provide additional insight into the genetic variation in the clinical range of glycemia.Journal of Human Genetics advance online publication, 11 April 2013; doi:10.1038/jhg.2013.14.
    Journal of Human Genetics 04/2013; · 2.37 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Most genetic variants identified for type 2 diabetes have been discovered in European populations. We performed genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in a Chinese population with the aim of identifying novel variants for type 2 diabetes in Asians. METHODS: We performed a meta-analysis of three GWAS comprising 684 patients with type 2 diabetes and 955 controls of Southern Han Chinese descent. We followed up the top signals in two independent Southern Han Chinese cohorts (totalling 10,383 cases and 6,974 controls), and performed in silico replication in multiple populations. RESULTS: We identified CDKN2A/B and four novel type 2 diabetes association signals with p < 1 × 10(-5) from the meta-analysis. Thirteen variants within these four loci were followed up in two independent Chinese cohorts, and rs10229583 at 7q32 was found to be associated with type 2 diabetes in a combined analysis of 11,067 cases and 7,929 controls (p meta = 2.6 × 10(-8); OR [95% CI] 1.18 [1.11, 1.25]). In silico replication revealed consistent associations across multiethnic groups, including five East Asian populations (p meta = 2.3 × 10(-10)) and a population of European descent (p = 8.6 × 10(-3)). The rs10229583 risk variant was associated with elevated fasting plasma glucose, impaired beta cell function in controls, and an earlier age at diagnosis for the cases. The novel variant lies within an islet-selective cluster of open regulatory elements. There was significant heterogeneity of effect between Han Chinese and individuals of European descent, Malaysians and Indians. CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: Our study identifies rs10229583 near PAX4 as a novel locus for type 2 diabetes in Chinese and other populations and provides new insights into the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes.
    Diabetologia 03/2013; · 6.49 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Gastric cancer (GC) is the most common malignancy. The incidence rates remain remarkably high in East Asians. Although genome-wide association studies in the Han Chinese and Japanese populations have so far yielded susceptibility loci for GC, these findings need to be validated in an independent ethnic group. To identify the potential heterogeneity by histological classified subtypes (intestinal and diffuse), we examined the previously reported associations in the Korean population. PRKAA1 at 5p13.1 was found to be more strongly associated with intestinal type (odds ratio, OR=1.39, 95% CI (confidence interval) =1.22-1.58, P=3.77 × 10(-7)) than diffuse type. In addition, PSCA at 8q23.3 was significantly replicated in diffuse type (OR=1.49, 95% CI=1.32-1.67, P=2.43 × 10(-11)) but far less significant in intestinal type. In conclusion, these findings could bring additional insights into the etiologic heterogeneity in gastric carcinogenesis mechanisms.Journal of Human Genetics advance online publication, 7 February 2013; doi:10.1038/jhg.2012.158.
    Journal of Human Genetics 02/2013; · 2.37 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Osteoporotic fracture (OF) as a clinical endpoint is a major complication of osteoporosis. To screen for OF susceptibility genes, we performed a genome-wide association study and carried out de novo replication analysis of an East Asian population. METHODS: Association was tested using a logistic regression analysis. A meta-analysis was performed on the combined results using effect size and standard errors estimated for each study. RESULTS: In a combined meta-analysis of a discovery cohort (288 cases and 1139 controls), three hospital based sets in replication stage I (462 cases and 1745 controls), and an independent ethnic group in replication stage II (369 cases and 560 for controls), we identified a new locus associated with OF (rs784288 in the MECOM gene) that showed genome-wide significance (p=3.59×10(-8); OR 1.39). RNA interference revealed that a MECOM knockdown suppresses osteoclastogenesis. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings provide new insights into the genetic architecture underlying OF in East Asians.
    Journal of Medical Genetics 01/2013; · 5.70 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The incidence of type 2 diabetes is rising rapidly because of an increase in the incidence of being overweight and obesity. Identification of genetic determinants for complex diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, may provide insight into disease pathogenesis. The aim of the study was to investigate the shared genetic factors that predispose individuals to being overweight and developing type 2 diabetes. We conducted genome-wide linkage analyses for type 2 diabetes in 386 affected individuals (269 sibpairs) from 171 Korean families and association analyses with single-nucleotide polymorphisms of candidate genes within linkage regions to identify genetic variants that predispose individuals to being overweight and developing type 2 diabetes. Through fine-mapping analysis of chromosome 4q34-35, we detected a locus potentially linked (nonparametric linkage 2.81, logarithm of odds 2.27, P=6 × 10(-4)) to type 2 diabetes in overweight or obese individuals (body mass index, BMI23 kg m(-2)). Multiple regression analysis with type 2 diabetes-related phenotypes revealed a significant association (false discovery rate (FDR) P=0.006 for rs13144140; FDR P=0.002 for rs6830266) between GPM6A (rs13144140) and BMI and waist-hip ratio, and between NEIL3 (rs6830266) and insulin level from 1314 normal individuals. Our systematic search of genome-wide linkage and association studies, demonstrate that a linkage peak for type 2 diabetes on chromosome 4q34-35 contains two type 2 diabetes-related genes, GPM6A and NEIL3.
    Experimental & molecular medicine. 01/2013; 45:e7.

Publication Stats

2k Citations
627.61 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2013
    • Uppsala University
      Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden
  • 2012
    • McGill University
      • Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health
      Montréal, Quebec, Canada
    • Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
      Daiden, Daejeon, South Korea
  • 2009–2011
    • Kyung Hee University
      • Department of Biomedical Engineering
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2010
    • University of Michigan
      • Department of Biostatistics
      Ann Arbor, MI, United States
    • National Institute of Health, Korea
      • Center for Genome Science
      Seishō-gun, North Gyeongsang, South Korea