Masaya Uesato

Chiba University, Chiba-shi, Chiba-ken, Japan

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Publications (34)40.94 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Esophageal lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma (LELC) is extremely rare. We report the first case of esophageal LELC showing macroscopic reduction. A 67-year-old male presented with dysphagia and, by endoscopic examination, was found to have a significantly raised tumor of 10 mm in diameter in the thoracic esophagus. The biopsied material showed esophageal cancer. We performed endoscopic submucosal dissection. However, the tumor became flattened, similar to a scar, in only 2 mo. Histologically, the carcinoma cells had infiltrated the submucosal layer. Prominent infiltration of T lymphoid cells that stained positive for CD8 was observed around the carcinoma cells. Therefore, this lesion was considered to be an LELC with poorly differentiated squamous cells. Because the margin was positive, an esophagectomy was performed. Carcinoma cells were detected in the neck in one lymph node. The staging was T1N0M1b. However, the patient has been well, without adjuvant therapy or recurrence, for more than 5 years.
    World journal of gastrointestinal endoscopy. 08/2014; 6(8):385-9.
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    ABSTRACT: Although percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is the preferred method to provide enteral nutrition for a longer time period, in obstructive esophageal cancer, we cannot safely perform endoscopic access to the stomach even with the ultrathin endoscope. We experienced 1 fatal case due to esophageal perforation caused by balloon dilation, and hence, we developed a safer method. We treated 4 patients with obstructive esophageal cancer using a 3-step gradual dilation method with nasogastric tubes (from 8 to 16 Fr). After about 2 weeks of initial dilation, we could safely perform endoscopic access to the stomach with the ultrathin endoscope and PEG placement using the introducer technique. The 3-step gradual dilation method is a safe and easy procedure for endoscopic access to the stomach. It can be used to provide enteral access as a palliative treatment for patients with obstructive esophageal cancer that is not suitable for conventional PEG placement.
    Surgical laparoscopy, endoscopy & percutaneous techniques. 08/2014; 24(4):e140-e142.
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    ABSTRACT: Among patients with T4 thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (TESCC), it is unclear whether the outcomes of late responders who undergo high-dose chemoradiotherapy (CRT) followed by salvage esophagectomy differs from those of early responders who undergo low-dose CRT followed by esophagectomy.
    World journal of surgery. 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: To detect the criteria and cause of elevated salivary amylase activity (sAMY) in patients undergoing endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) under sedation.
    World journal of gastrointestinal endoscopy. 06/2014; 6(6):240-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) rarely arise in the esophagus, where carcinoma is the most common malignant neoplasm and leiomyoma is the most common benign tumor. Because of their rarity, the clinical course and treatment of esophageal GISTs are poorly understood. These lesions are generally thought to carry a poor prognosis, making the differential diagnosis of other common mesenchymal neoplasms essential, for both prognostic and therapeutic reasons. We report a case of successfully resected giant esophageal GIST, thought to be the largest resected GIST reported in Japan. The patient was a 65-year-old woman, in whom upper gastrointestinal endoscopy found a 180-mm submucosal tumor in the lower thoracic esophagus, extending just below the aortic arch. We diagnosed esophageal GIST, and the patient underwent middle and lower esophagectomy via left thoracotomy, followed by gastric tube reconstruction. The tumor was resected completely. Histopathological and immunohistochemical staining confirmed that the tumor was a high-risk lesion, and treatment with imatinib was initiated. Computed tomography showed liver metastasis 5 months later, but the patient is doing well 24 months after surgery.
    Surgery Today 06/2014; · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We have encountered many cases wherein the metastatic nest of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma occupied only a small space in the lymph nodes because of which computed tomography( CT) and fludeoxy glucose( FDG)-positron emission tomography( PET) could not detect the lymph node metastasis satisfactorily. The false-negative lymph nodes that were not detected by FDG-PET before surgery were smaller in diameter, rate of occupation, and area of occupation than the true-positive lymph nodes. The smallest area of the cancer nest in the true-positive group was 7.5 mm2, and therefore, it was reasonable to consider a 5-mm diameter area as the criteria for correct diagnosis by FDG-PET. Most of the false-negative lymph nodes with a large area of carcinoma were attached to the primary tumor; therefore, they could not be precisely identified. The detection of false-negative lymph nodes by FDG-PET was not precise because of increases in the quantity of stroma-like cells in poorly differentiated carcinomas and in fibrosis caused by neoadjuvant therapy in the lymph nodes.
    Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy 11/2013; 40(12):2155-7.
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    ABSTRACT: A 67-year-old male was referred to our hospital after being diagnosed with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma of the middle thoracic esophagus. The clinical stage was T1b(sm)N4M1 cStage IVb, so he was admitted to our hospital for systemic chemotherapy. He had sustained fever and a dry cough. Chest computed tomography showed the presence of irregular shadows, and unidentified respiratory insufficiency had progressed. A transbronchial lung biopsy revealed a pulmonary artery tumor embolus of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. He developed DIC and died of respiratory failure on the 19th hospital day. The postmortem autopsy detected pulmonary tumor thrombotic microangiopathy accompanied by esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.
    Esophagus 06/2013; · 0.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: An epiphrenic diverticulum is a pulsion pseudodiverticulum of the distal esophagus that is frequently associated with esophageal motility disorders. Therefore, a simple diverticulectomy leads to a poor outcome. High-resolution impedance manometry (HRIM), introduced recently, enables easier evaluation of both esophageal pressure and bolus transit dynamics. We report the case of a 40-year-old female diagnosed with an epiphrenic diverticulum with hypertensive lower esophageal sphincter pressure by use of HRIM. She underwent a laparoscopic transhiatal diverticulectomy with a long myotomy and Dor’s fundoplication and was discharged with no complications. Four weeks after the operation, HRIM was performed again, and showed no accumulation of water in the esophagus and improvement of bolus transit. We herein report the usefulness of HRIM for evaluation of esophageal motility disorders for patients with an epiphrenic diverticulum.
    Esophagus 04/2013; · 0.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: S-1 is widely used for various cancers. It may be useful for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC); however, there are insufficient data. The purpose is to provide results of an analysis of S-1 monotherapy for unresectable and recurrent ESCC. Patients and Methods: Twenty patients with histologically proven ESCC who were previously treated with other chemo(radio)therapies were treated with S-1 alone as second- or third-line chemotherapy. Results: A complete response (CR) was observed in 1 case (5%). A partial response (PR), stable disease (SD), and progressive disease (PD) were seen in 4 (20.0%), 7 (35.0%), and 8 (40.0%) cases, respectively. Two cases (10%) of anemia, 1 case (5%) of leukopenia, 3 cases (15%) of fatigue, and 3 cases (15%) of diarrhea were observed as grade 3 toxicity; however, there were no cases of grade 4 toxicity. The 1-year progression-free survival (PFS) rate was 10.0%, and the median PFS was 100 days. The 1-year overall survival (OS) was 30.5%, and the median OS was 330 days. The 1-year PFS rate in CR/PR/SD and PD was 16.7 and 0%, and the median survival time was 120 and 40 days. Conclusion: S-1 is a promising new drug which can be used as a second- or third-line chemotherapy for ESCC.
    Oncology 04/2013; 84(5):305-310. · 2.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Background Recent advances in the endoscopic diagnosis and treatment of esophageal cancer have facilitated the detection and treatment of minute tumors, necessitating the accurate histopathological diagnosis of early esophageal cancer or precancerous lesions. This study evaluated the usefulness of immunohistochemical analysis (IHC) of clathrin heavy chain (CHC) as a marker for early esophageal cancer. Methods The immunoreactivity of CHC was analyzed in 409 esophageal specimens using a tissue array. Immunoreactivities of CHC, p53, and Ki67 were then compared in 44 endoscopically resected specimens. Results CHC expression was significantly stronger in the cytoplasm of esophageal squamous cell carcinomascompared with non-tumor specimens in the tissue array. CHC expression in endoscopic specimens was significantly stronger in the cytoplasm of high-grade intraepithelial neoplasias and superficial carcinomas than in benign squamous epithelium and low-grade intraepithelial neoplasias. The sensitivity and specificity of CHC for the diagnosis of esophageal lesions were 75 and 96 %, respectively. These accuracies were comparable with those of p53 (43 and 98 %) and Ki67 (68 and 100 %). In addition, the sensitivity was increased by using a combination of markers as follows: 80 %, CHC ? p53; 78 %, CHC ? Ki67; 90 %, CHC ? p53 ? Ki67. Conclusions CHC detected by IHC may be a useful marker for the pathological diagnosis of esophageal squamous intraepithelial neoplasia.
    Esophagus 02/2013; · 0.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 65-year-old man with dysphagia and hoarseness was admitted to our hospital. The upper gastrointestinal examinations revealed a tumor in the lower esophagus while the biopsy specimens revealed squamous cell carcinoma. The clinical diagnosis was esophageal cancer(Lt, type 2, cT3N4M0, cStage IVa). The patient underwent neoadjuvant-chemotherapy(5-fluorouracil/cisplatin). After one course, computed tomography(CT)showed rapid growth of the tumor and lymph nodes, resulting in a progressive disease. It was considered unresectable because of the direct invasion of the No. 1 lymph node to the liver. Then, three courses of docetaxel were administered as second-line chemotherapy, and CT revealed the markedly reduced size of the tumor and lymph nodes, resulting in a partial response. The tumor was now thought to be resectable. Subtotal esophagectomy could be performed and the postoperative course was uneventful. Histopathological findings showed no evidence of malignancy at the primary tumor(grade 3), although there were residual atypical keratinocytes in some lymph nodes. The patient is doing well without any signs of recurrence 21 months after the surgery.
    Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy 02/2013; 40(2):233-5.
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES:: T1 esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) has a low, but still present, risk of lymph node (LN) metastasis. Endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) or endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is often applied for T1 ESCC. To achieve successful treatment by EMR/ESD, the risk of LN metastases, LN recurrence, and hematological recurrence need to be better understood. The aim of this study was to determine the precise risk for metastasis in T1 ESCC. METHODS:: We divided 295 patients with T1 ESCC who underwent surgery and/or ESD/EMR into 6 categories (m1, m2, m3, sm1, sm2, and sm3). Their risks of LN metastasis, LN recurrence, hematological recurrence, and the outcome were determined. RESULTS:: The rates of LN metastasis and LN recurrence were 0% in m1 and m2, 9% in m3, 16% in sm1, 35% in sm2, and 62% in sm3 cases. The incidence of hematological recurrence was 0% in m1, m2, m3, and sm1 cases; 9% in sm2 cases; and 13% in sm3 cases. The overall risk of metastasis was 9% in m3, 16% in sm1, 38% in sm2, and 64% in sm3 patients. The 5-year disease-specific survival rates were 100% in m1, m2, and m3; 90.9% in sm1; 78.8% in sm2; and 68.6% in sm3 patients. Statistically, both lymphatic and venous invasion were selected as predictive markers for metastasis. In m3 patients, positivity for either of these had an odds ratio for metastasis of 7.333 (P = 0.093). CONCLUSIONS:: Our study provides a precise assessment of the comprehensive risk of metastasis and feasible predictive markers for T1 ESCC.
    Annals of surgery 10/2012; · 7.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It is known that cisplatin induces the excretion of zinc from the urine and thereby reduces its serum concentration. However, the fluctuation of these trace elements during or after cisplatin-based chemotherapy has not been evaluated. To answer this question, we performed a clinical study in esophageal cancer patients undergoing cisplatin-based chemotherapy. Eighteen patients with esophageal cancer who were not able to swallow food or water orally due to complete stenosis of the esophagus were evaluated. The patients were divided into a control group [total parenteral nutrition (TPN) alone for 28 days, ten cases] and an intervention group (TPN with additional trace elements for 28 days, eight cases). The serum concentrations of zinc, iron, copper, manganese, triiodothyronin (T3), and thyroxin (T4), as alternative indicators of iodine, were measured on days 0, 14, and 28 of treatment, and statistically analyzed on day 28. In the control group, the serum concentration of copper was significantly decreased from 135.4 (day 0) to 122.1 μg/ml (day 14), and finally to 110.6 μg/ml (day 28, p = 0.015). The concentration of manganese was also significantly decreased from 1.34 (day 0) to 1.17 μg/ml (day 14) and finally to 1.20 (day 28, p = 0.049). The levels of zinc, iron, T3, and T4 were not significantly changed. In the intervention group, the supplementation with trace elements successfully prevented these decreases in their concentrations. TPN with supplementary trace elements is preferable and recommended for patients who are undergoing chemotherapy in order to maintain the patients' nutrient homeostasis.
    Biological trace element research 10/2012; · 1.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Adenocarcinoma arising from heterotopic gastric mucosa (HGM) is exceedingly rare. This report presents the case of a 57-year-old male who presented with the chief complaint of dysphagia. Endoscopy and computed tomography revealed a locally advanced tumor of the cervical esophagus and swollen mediastinal lymph nodes. He underwent chemoradiotherapy followed by esophagectomy with three-field lymph node dissection. The resected tumor was a circumferentially scarred lesion located 1.5 cm from the proximal margin. The tumor was identified to be a well-differentiated adenocarcinoma arising from HGM with invasion to the muscularis propria. Postoperative chemoradiotherapy was performed because positive surgical margins were observed in the resected tissue. The patient has remained alive for more than 4 years after surgery, without any evidence of recurrence.
    Surgery Today 06/2012; · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background/Aims: There are few second-line regimens available for esophageal cancer. The use of fractionated docetaxel and nedaplatin as second-line chemotherapy was examined in this study. Methodology: Eligibility criteria were follows: histologically-proven squamous cell carcinoma, surgically unresectable disease, failure to respond to chemotherapy with -FU and cisplatin and no more than 2 prior chemotherapy regimens. A total of 12 patients were enrolled in this study. To reduce toxicities, fractionated docetaxel (50mg/m2 in day 1 and 8 ) and nedaplatin (50mg/m2 in day 1) were administered as second-line chemotherapy. Results: Stable disease (SD) was observed in 4 cases (33%) and the disease control rate was 33%. Regarding toxicities, leukopenia was the most frequently observed (8 cases, 67%); however, there were no cases of grade 4 non-hematological toxicity. The 1-year overall survival was 26.7% and the median survival time was 7.8 months (95% CI=3.328-12.272 months). The 1-year progression-free survival was 0% and the median progression-free time was 2.0 months (95% CI=1.319-2.681). Conclusions: Combination chemotherapy using fractionated docetaxel and nedaplatin is safe and effective and appears to be a feasible regimen to use as second-line chemotherapy for FP-resistant advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.
    Hepato-gastroenterology 02/2012; 59(119). · 0.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The correlation between the number of pathologic metastatic LNs in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NACRT) and surgical outcome has rarely been reported. We evaluated the correlation between the number of pathologic metastatic lymph nodes (LNs) and the surgical outcome in ESCC after NACRT. Eighty-eight patients with ESCC who underwent NACRT followed by surgery were evaluated. The clinical response of NACRT was evaluated and surgical specimens of the primary tumor and resected LNs were analyzed clinicopathologically. Fewer pathologic metastatic LNs was associated with better survival. According to the number of metastatic LNs, the difference in the median survival was the largest between the groups when patients were divided into those with 2 and 3 metastatic LNs (χ(2) : 13.694, P < 0.001). With regard to clinical factors, the initial N status prior to treatment had the most significant impact on survival by a univariate analysis (P = 0.064), and the number of pathologic metastatic LNs was a risk factor for poor survival, with a hazard ratio of 5.128 (95% C.I.: 1.438-18.285, P = 0.012) by a multivariate analysis. Of the various factors, the number of pathologic metastatic LNs was the strongest indicator to predict the patients' survival.
    Journal of Surgical Oncology 12/2011; 105(8):756-60. · 2.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 54-year-old male undergoing hemodialysis was admitted to our hospital because of difficulty in swallowing. Esophagography and esophageal endoscopy revealed an irregular ulcerated lesion in the cervical esophagus. It was diagnosed as a small-cell esophageal cancer from the biopsy sample. Computed tomography showed a tumor infiltrating the trachea and a few lymph node metastases in the cervix, upper mediastinum, and abdomen. The patient was started on chemotherapy with cisplatin (CDDP) and etoposide (VP-16), which had been reported to be effective for small-cell lung cancer. The patient was treated with CDDP (80 mg/m(2)) on day 1 and VP-16 (100 mg/m(2)) on days 1, 3, and 5, every 4 weeks. On the days of chemotherapy, hemodialysis was started as soon as possible after completion of administration of the agents. No severe side effects were observed. After 4 courses of therapy, the patient achieved a partial response.
    Esophagus 09/2011; 8(3):209-215. · 0.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background/Aims: The treatment of gastric submucosal tumors (SMTs) is strictly surgical and enucleation of the tumor or wedge resection of the stomach is efficient to achieve R0 resection. Laparoscopic and endoscopic cooperative surgery (LECS) can be safely performed with adequate cutting lines. This study describes the initial 16 cases treated by LECS and evaluates the advantages by LECS for gastric SMTs retrospectively. Methodology: Sixteen patients with gastric SMT underwent LECS from June 2007 to December 2010, their surgical data, clinical characteristics and surgical specimens of SMTs were compared. The surgical specimens of 9 gastric SMTs treated by laparoscopic wedge resection (LWR) were compared as a control. Results: The median (range) length of operation time, blood loss, hospital stay after surgery were minutes 172 (115- 220), <5mL (<5-115) and 10 days (6-17), respectively. The median (range) ratio of the longest diameter of the tumor divided by the longest diameter of the surgical specimen in LECS and LWR were 0.86 (0.625-1.0) and 0.69 (0.44-1.0), respectively (p=0.0189, Wilcoxon rank sum test). Conclusions: LECS minimizes the surgical specimen while still providing sufficient surgical margins to successfully cure gastric SMTs.
    Hepato-gastroenterology 08/2011; 59(114):415-7. · 0.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 71-year-old man presented with chief complains of hoarseness and dysphagia. He was diagnosed to have an advanced esophageal adenocarcinoma in the middle thoracic esophagus for which chemoradiation therapy was started. Partial response was observed and he was referred to our hospital thereafter. After detailed examination, he underwent a subtotal esophagectomy followed by two-field lymphadenectomy in May 2001. Histopathological examination revealed a complete response. Ten months later, hematological examination showed a high serum CEA level and CT scan disclosed mediastinal lymph node recurrences. He received a course of systemic chemotherapy so called FP therapy and five months later, a course of combination chemotherapy with 700 mg/m2 5-FU on days 1-5 and 70 mg/m2 nedaplatin on day 1 was administered. Because the high serum CEA level sustained afterward, FDG-PET was undertaken in March 2003. The right adrenal gland showed an intense abnormal FDG uptake and CT scan detected a low density mass in the area. Since no metastases could be identified in other sites, right adrenalectomy was performed. Pathological finding was poorly-differentiated tubular adenocarcinoma. Five years and eleven months after adrenalectomy, he died of pneumonia with no signs of recurrence. Surgical resection may contribute to improving the prognosis of solitary adrenal metastasis of esophageal cancer without the other noncurative factors.
    Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy 11/2010; 37(12):2406-8.
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    ABSTRACT: The prognosis of esophageal liver metastasis remains poor because of the high incidence of synchronous metastasis in other area and insufficient response to systemic chemotherapy. We assessed loco-regional anticancer potential of intra-arterial 5-FU chemotherapy for esophageal liver metastasis aimed at combination with systemic chemotherapy, radiotherapy and ablation therapy as a multidisciplinary treatment. Six patients of esophageal cancer with liver metastasis and without extra-hepatic metastasis were enrolled. Intra-aortic chemotherapy consisted of 5-FU (250 mg/body) in a one-shot infusion or a continuous infusion for 7 days with 2-week intervals until failure. The responses of liver metastasis were 2 cases of CR, 3 of PR and 1 of SD. The response rate and the local control rate were 83% and 100%, respectively. The maximum time to progression was 53 months. Grade 3/4 toxicity was not observed. Two cases had catheter failure and the treatment was interrupted. Liver metastases were controlled well until death in all cases except one. Low-dose intra-aortic 5-FU chemotherapy provided a good regional response and a combination with systemic chemotherapy may prolong survival for the patients of liver metastasis of esophageal cancer.
    Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy 11/2010; 37(12):2409-11.