Jan Booij

Academisch Medisch Centrum Universiteit van Amsterdam, Amsterdamo, North Holland, Netherlands

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Publications (256)961.84 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Impulsivity is a multidimensional construct, including impulsive decision-making and impulsive action, representing relatively independent neurocircuitries. ADHD is treated with methylphenidate, a drug that binds to dopamine transporters. This study in 24 adult male patients with ADHD shows that dopamine transporter occupancy by methylphenidate in the putamen correlates with improvements in cognitive but not in motor impulsivity.
    The British journal of psychiatry: the journal of mental science 03/2014; · 6.62 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A recent (123)I-FP-CIT ((123)-I-N-ω-fluoropropyl-2β-carbomethoxy-3β-(4-iodophenyl)nortropane) SPECT study on rats suggested that a single 1 mg/kg dose of the antipsychotic haloperidol induces enough dopamine release to compete with (123)I-FP-CIT for binding to the dopamine transporter. Taking into account the far-reaching consequences of this proposition, we were interested in testing whether we could reproduce this finding using storage phosphor imaging. Twenty rats were pretreated with saline or haloperidol (1 mg/kg of body weight) and then injected with (123)I-FP-CIT. Two hours after (123)I-FP-CIT injection, the rats were sacrificed and binding in the striatum, nucleus accumbens, and cerebellum (nonspecific binding) was measured. In contrast to the earlier SPECT finding, acute administration of haloperidol did not induce a significant change in (123)I-FP-CIT binding ratios in the striatum and nucleus accumbens. Changes in synaptic dopamine due to acute haloperidol administration were not detectable with (123)I-FP-CIT.
    Journal of Nuclear Medicine 03/2014; · 5.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Reduced prepulse inhibition (PPI) of the acoustic startle response is thought to represent a robust biomarker in schizophrenia. Reduced PPI has been demonstrated in subjects at ultra high risk (UHR) for developing psychosis. Imaging studies report disruption of striatal dopaminergic neurotransmission in patients with schizophrenia. First, we compared the PPI of the acoustic startle response in UHR subjects versus healthy controls, to see if we could replicate previous findings of reduced PPI; secondly, we investigated our hypothesis that PPI would be negatively correlated with striatal synaptic dopamine (DA) concentration. We measured the startle reactivity and PPI of the acoustic startle response in 14 UHR subjects, and 14 age- and gender-matched healthy controls. Imaging of 11 UHR subjects and 11 healthy controls was completed by an [(123)I]-IBZM (radiotracer for dopamine D2/3 receptors) SPECT, at baseline and again after DA depletion with alpha-methyl-para-tyrosine (AMPT). The percentage change in striatal [(123)I]-IBZM radiotracer binding potential is a proxy of striatal synaptic DA concentration. UHR subjects showed reduced PPI, compared to control subjects. In both UHR and control subjects, there were no significant correlations between striatal synaptic DA concentration and PPI. We provide further evidence for the hypothesis that these two biomarkers are measuring different aspects of pathophysiology.
    Journal of Psychopharmacology 02/2014; · 3.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Measurement of the cerebral blood flow (CBF) and cerebrovascular reactivity (CVR) provide useful information about cerebrovascular condition and regional metabolism. Pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling (pCASL) is a promising non-invasive MRI technique to quantitatively measure the CBF, whereas additional hypercapnic pCASL measurements are currently showing great promise to quantitatively assess the CVR. However, the introduction of pCASL at a larger scale awaits further evaluation of the exact accuracy and precision compared to the gold standard. (15)O H2O positron emission tomography (PET) is currently regarded as the most accurate and precise method to quantitatively measure both CBF and CVR, though it is one of the more invasive methods as well. In this study we therefore assessed the accuracy and precision of quantitative pCASL-based CBF and CVR measurements by performing a head-to-head comparison with (15)O H2O PET, based on quantitative CBF measurements during baseline and hypercapnia. We demonstrate that pCASL CBF imaging is accurate during both baseline and hypercapnia with respect to (15)O H2O PET with a comparable precision. These results pave the way for quantitative usage of pCASL MRI in both clinical and research settings.
    NeuroImage 02/2014; · 6.25 Impact Factor
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    Diabetologia 02/2014; · 6.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Tako-tsubo cardiomyopathy (TCM) is an increasingly recognized clinical syndrome characterized by acute reversible apical ventricular dysfunction, commonly preceded by exposure to severe physical or emotional stress. In this review, we give a short overview on clinical presentation and treatment of TCM and discuss the possible pathophysiological mechanisms of TCM and the role of various non-invasive imaging modalities in TCM with a focus on the potential role of (123)I-meta-iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphy. Currently, the dominating hypothesis on the pathophysiology of TCM postulates that high levels of the neurotransmitter epinephrine may trigger a change in intracellular signaling in ventricular myocytes. More specific, epinephrine stimulates G-protein coupled β2 adenoreceptors (β2AR) which are located on ventricular myocytes. Normal levels of this neurotransmitter predominantly stimulate the intracellular G-protein, and induce a positive inotropic effect. However, with significant increasing levels of epinephrine, the predominance of stimulation is shifted from G-stimulating to the G-inhibitor protein coupling, which leads to a negative inotropic effect. Interestingly, this negative inotropic effect is the largest in the apical myocardium where the β2AR:β1AR ratio is the highest within the heart. Echocardiography and ventriculography are essential to diagnose TCM, but new imaging tools are promising to diagnose TCM and to evaluate therapeutic efficacy. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance can be used to differentiate TCM from other myocardial diseases, such as myocarditis. (123)I-meta-iodobenzylguanidine ((123)I-MIBG) scintigraphy can be used to assess ventricular adrenergic activity and may guide optimization of individual (pharmacological) therapy. These new insights into the possible pathophysiological mechanisms and novel diagnostic imaging modalities can be used as starting point for the development of international guidelines of TCM which may increase the awareness, and optimize the treatment of TCM.
    Journal of Nuclear Cardiology 01/2014; · 2.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background. Differentiating Parkinson's disease (PD) from multiple system atrophy (MSA) can be challenging especially early in the course of the disease. Previous studies have shown that midbrain serotonin transporter (SERT) availability in patients with established MSA was significantly lower compared to PD. It is unknown if this is also true for early-stage patients. Methods. 77 early-stage, untreated PD patients were recruited between 1995 and 1998, underwent [(123)I] β -CIT SPECT imaging, and were followed for at least five years. 16 patients were lost to followup, and in 4 the diagnosis was changed to another atypical parkinsonian syndrome, but not in MSA. In 50 patients, the PD diagnosis was unchanged at followup. In seven patients, the diagnosis was changed to MSA at followup. We retrospectively assessed baseline midbrain SERT availability as well as midbrain SERT-to-striatal dopamine transporter (DAT) ratios. Results. No difference in baseline [(123)I] β -CIT SERT availability was found. The midbrain SERT-to-striatal DAT ratio for whole striatum was significantly lower in patients with PD compared to MSA (P = 0.049). However, when adjusting for the disease duration at imaging this difference is not significant (P = 0.070). Conclusion. Midbrain SERT availability is not different between early-stage PD and MSA. Therefore, SERT imaging is not useful to differentiate between early PD and MSA.
    ISRN neurology. 01/2014; 2014:345132.
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    ABSTRACT: Imaging of the dopaminergic system with single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), and particularly of the dopamine transporter (DAT) located in the striatum, is a well accepted tool in clinical practice to confirm or exclude loss of nigrostriatal dopamine (DA) neurons in patients suspected to suffer from Parkinson's disease (PD). SPECT techniques were developed successfully to image neurotransmitter systems, including the presynaptic DAT and postsynaptic dopamine D2/3 receptors, in rat and mouse models of PD. Here we review the results of preclinical SPECT studies of the dopaminergic system in rat and mouse models of PD. Initially, SPECT studies in animal models of PD were performed to validate that micro-SPECT is able to accurately assess parts of the dopaminergic system in small animals in-vivo. However, more recently, micro-SPECT DAT is increasingly used as a research tool to support the interpretation of human DAT SPECT studies in PD, including clinical trials examining the effects of potential neuroprotective drugs. Translational research with SPECT is an interesting development which may further increase our understanding of the pathophysiology and treatment of PD.
    Parkinsonism & Related Disorders 01/2014; 20S1:S184-S186. · 3.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Dysfunction of the cholinergic neurotransmitter system is present in Parkinson's disease, Parkinson's disease related dementia and dementia with Lewy bodies, and is thought to contribute to cognitive deficits in these patients. In vivo imaging of the cholinergic system in these diseases may be of value to monitor central cholinergic disturbances and to select cases in which treatment with cholinesterase inhibitors could be beneficial. The muscarinic receptor tracer [(123)I]iododexetimide, predominantly reflecting M1 receptor binding, may be an appropriate tool for imaging of the cholinergic system by means of SPECT. In this study, we used [(123)I]iododexetimide to study the effects of a 6-hydroxydopamine lesion (an animal model of Parkinson's disease) on the muscarinic receptor availability in the rat brain. Rats (n=5) were injected in vivo at 10-13days after a confirmed unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine lesion. Muscarinic receptor availability was measured bilaterally in multiple brain areas on storage phosphor images by region of interest analysis. Autoradiography revealed a consistent and statistically significant lower [(123)I]iododexetimide binding in all examined neocortical areas on the ipsilateral side of the lesion as compared to the contralateral side. In hippocampal and subcortical areas, such asymmetry was not detected. This study suggests that evaluation of muscarinic receptor availability in dopamine depleted brains using [(123)I]iododexetimide is feasible. We conclude that 6-hydroxydopamine lesions induce a decrease of neocortical muscarinic receptor availability. We hypothesize that this arises from down regulation of muscarinic postsynaptic M1 receptors due to hyperactivation of the cortical cholinergic system in response to dopamine depletion. In rats, dopamine depletion provokes a decrease in neocortical muscarinic receptor availability, which is evaluable by [(123)I]iododexetimide imaging. This study may further underline the role of a dysregulated muscarinic system in patients with Lewy body disorders.
    Nuclear Medicine and Biology 01/2014; 41(1):90-95. · 2.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Imaging of dopamine D2/3 receptors (D2/3R) can shed light on the nature of several neuropsychiatric disorders where dis-regulation of D2/3R signaling is involved. Agonist D2/3 tracers for PET/SPECT imaging are considered superior to antagonists because they are more sensitive to dopamine concentrations and may selectively label the high-affinity receptor state. Carbon-11-labelled D2/3R agonists have been developed but these short-living tracers can only be used in centers with a cyclotron. Here, we report on the development of a series of novel D2R agonist compounds, based on the 2-aminomethylchromane (AMC) scaffold, which provides ample opportunities for the introduction of the longer living [(18)F] or [(123)I]. Binding experiments showed that several AMC-compounds have high affinity and selectivity for, and act as agonists at, D2/3R. Two fluorine-containing compounds were [(18)F]-labelled and, both displayed specific binding to striatal D2/3R in rat brain slices in vitro. These findings encourage further in vivo evaluations.
    Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 12/2013; · 5.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Depression and impulse control disorders (ICD) are two common neuropsychiatric features in Parkinson's disease (PD). Studies have revealed that both phenomena are associated with aberrations in ventral striatal dopamine signaling and concomitant dysfunction of the reward-related (limbic) cortico-striatal-thalamocortical (CSTC) circuit. Depression in PD seems associated with decreased activity in the limbic CSTC circuit, whereas ICD seems associated with increased limbic CSTC circuit activity, usually after commencing dopamine replacement therapy (DRT). Not all DRT using PD patients, however, develop symptoms of ICD, suggesting an additional underlying neurobiological susceptibility. Furthermore, the symptoms of depression and ICD frequently coincide even though they are related to seemingly contrasting limbic CSTC circuit activation states. The aim of this review is to provide an overview of the currently available literature on the neurobiology of PD-related depression and ICD and discusses possible susceptibility factors. Finally, we propose a neurobiological model that identifies ventral striatal dopaminergic denervation as a common underlying neurobiological substrate of depression and ICD and subsequent dysfunction of reward and motivation-related brain areas.
    Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews 11/2013; · 9.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Obsessive-compulsive disorder is a chronic psychiatric disorder related to dysfunctional dopaminergic neurotransmission. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) targeted at the nucleus accumbens (NAc) has recently become an effective treatment for therapy-refractory obsessive-compulsive disorder, but its effect on dopaminergic transmission is unknown. We measured the effects of NAc DBS in 15 patients on the dopamine D2/3 receptor availability in the striatum with [(123)I]iodobenzamide ([(123)I]IBZM) single photon emission computed tomography. We correlated changes in [(123)I]IBZM binding potential (BP) with plasma levels of homovanillic acid (HVA) and clinical symptoms. Acute (1-hour) and chronic (1-year) DBS decreased striatal [(123)I]IBZM BP compared with the nonstimulated condition in the putamen. BP decreases were observed after 1 hour of stimulation, and chronic stimulation was related to concurrent HVA plasma elevations, implying DBS-induced dopamine release. BP decreases in the area directly surrounding the electrodes were significantly correlated with changes in clinical symptoms (45% symptom decrease). NAc DBS induced striatal dopamine release, which was associated with increased HVA plasma levels and improved clinical symptoms, suggesting that DBS may compensate for a defective dopaminergic system.
    Biological psychiatry 08/2013; · 8.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Although the treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD) is very effective, in the course of the disease, 40% to 60% of patients develop dyskinesias. The pathophysiology of dyskinesias is still unclear. Results of preclinical research suggest that uptake and uncontrolled release of dopamine by serotonergic neurons is an important factor. Based on this model, we hypothesized that dyskinesias will develop predominantly in PD patients with a relatively preserved serotonergic system. METHODS: Between 1995 and 1998, 50 patients with early-stage untreated PD, diagnosed according to clinical criteria, and reduced striatal [123I]beta-carboxymethyoxy-3-beta-(4-iodophenyl) tropane (CIT) single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) binding were recruited. To test our hypothesis, we retrospectively assessed baseline [123I]beta-CIT SPECT scans for striatal dopamine transporter (DAT) and midbrain serotonin transporter (SERT) availability as well as the SERT-to-DAT ratios. We compared these data between patients that developed dyskinesias and patients that did not develop dyskinesias during a mean follow-up of 14.2 years. RESULTS: Approximately half of the PD patients developed dyskinesias. No differences in baseline [123I]beta-CIT DAT availability, SERT availability, or SERT-to-DAT ratios were found between the dyskinetic and non-dyskinetic group. The development of dyskinesias was most strongly associated with the age of onset (P = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: SERT-to-DAT ratios in early-stage untreated PD do not correlate with the future development of dyskinesias. However, our study does not exclude the possibility that SERT-to-DAT ratios increase with disease progression in patients that develop dyskinesias because of a slower rate of degeneration of the serotonergic system.
    EJNMMI research. 06/2013; 3(1):44.
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    ABSTRACT: Methylphenidate (MPH) occupies brain striatal dopamine transporters (DATs) and is an effective treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, patients with ADHD and comorbid cocaine dependence do not benefit significantly from treatment with MPH. To better understand the neurobiology of this phenomenon, we examined DAT availability and the effects of MPH treatment on DAT occupancy in ADHD patients with and without cocaine dependence. ADHD patients without a comorbid substance use disorder (N=16) and ADHD patients with comorbid cocaine dependence (N=8) were imaged at baseline and after two weeks MPH treatment using single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) with the DAT tracer [123I]FP-CIT. Changes in ADHD symptoms were measured with the ADHD symptom rating scale (ASRS). At baseline, we observed lower striatal DAT availability in ADHD patients with cocaine dependence. Following fixed MPH treatment, MPH occupied significantly less striatal DATs in cocaine-dependent than in non-cocaine dependent ADHD patients. There were no significant correlations between baseline DAT availability or DAT occupancy by MPH and ADHD symptom improvement. However, we did find significant correlations between DAT occupancy by MPH and decreases in impulsivity scores and years of cocaine use. These preliminary findings suggest that low DAT occupancy is not the reason why ADHD patients with cocaine dependence do not benefit from MPH treatment. It also suggests that higher dosages of MPH in these patients are probably not the solution and that medications directed at other pharmacological targets should be considered in these comorbid ADHD patients.
    European Neuropsychopharmacology 06/2013; · 4.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Methylphenidate (MPH) occupies brain striatal dopamine transporters (DATs) and is an effective treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, patients with ADHD and comorbid cocaine dependence do not benefit significantly from treatment with MPH. To better understand the neurobiology of this phenomenon, we examined DAT availability and the effects of MPH treatment on DAT occupancy in ADHD patients with and without cocaine dependence. ADHD patients without a comorbid substance use disorder (N=16) and ADHD patients with comorbid cocaine dependence (N=8) were imaged at baseline and after two weeks MPH treatment using single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) with the DAT tracer [(123)I]FP-CIT. Changes in ADHD symptoms were measured with the ADHD symptom rating scale (ASRS). At baseline, we observed lower striatal DAT availability in ADHD patients with cocaine dependence. Following fixed MPH treatment, MPH occupied significantly less striatal DATs in cocaine-dependent than in non-cocaine dependent ADHD patients. There were no significant correlations between baseline DAT availability or DAT occupancy by MPH and ADHD symptom improvement. However, we did find significant correlations between DAT occupancy by MPH and decreases in impulsivity scores and years of cocaine use. These preliminary findings suggest that low DAT occupancy is not the reason why ADHD patients with cocaine dependence do not benefit from MPH treatment. It also suggests that higher dosages of MPH in these patients are probably not the solution and that medications directed at other pharmacological targets should be considered in these comorbid ADHD patients. This trial is registered at the Dutch Trial Register, www.trialregister.nl, under Trial ID number NTR3127.
    European neuropsychopharmacology: the journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology 05/2013; · 3.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Adult attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is highly comorbid with other psychiatric disorders, including substance use disorders (SUD). Patients with ADHD and SUD comorbidity respond less well to pharmacological treatment (e.g., methylphenidate), have more severe ADHD symptoms, and are generally more impulsive than ADHD patients without SUD. However, little is known about structural brain abnormalities that may differentiate ADHD patients with and without comorbid SUD. METHODS: We compared regional grey matter volumes of 10 non-medicated male ADHD patients with comorbid cocaine dependence, 14 non-medicated male ADHD patients without cocaine dependence and 15 healthy control participants matched for age and premorbid intellectual functioning, using voxel-based morphometry (VBM) using both a whole-brain analysis and a priori ROI analysis based on the existing ADHD VBM literature. RESULTS: In a whole brain analysis, ADHD patients with and without cocaine dependence showed smaller volumes in the right putamen and cerebellum compared to healthy controls. In addition, ADHD patients without cocaine dependence showed larger volumes in the midbrain and in the precentral gyrus compared to healthy control participants and larger volumes in the occipital cortex compared to ADHD patients with comorbid cocaine dependence. A direct comparison using the a priori defined ROI approach showed that ADHD patients with cocaine dependence had smaller putamen volumes than ADHD patients without cocaine dependence. CONCLUSIONS: ADHD patients with cocaine dependence show more profound grey matter volume reductions in the striatum compared to ADHD patients without cocaine dependence. Possible implications for treatment are discussed.
    Drug and Alcohol Dependence 05/2013; · 3.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Mesolimbic and nigrostriatal dopaminergic pathways play important roles in both the rewarding and conditioning effects of drugs. The dopamine transporter (DAT) is of central importance in regulating dopaminergic neurotransmission and in particular in activating the striatal D2-like receptors. Molecular imaging studies of the relationship between DAT availability/dopamine synthesis capacity and active cigarette smoking have shown conflicting results. Through the collaboration between 13 SPECT centres located in 10 different European countries, a database of FP-CIT-binding in healthy controls was established. We used the database to test the hypothesis that striatal DAT availability is changed in active smokers compared to non-smokers and ex-smokers. METHODS: A total of 129 healthy volunteers were included. Subjects were divided into three categories according to past and present tobacco smoking: (1) non-smokers (n = 64), (2) ex-smokers (n = 39) and (3) active smokers (n = 26). For imaging of the DAT availability, we used [123I]FP-CIT (DaTSCAN) and single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). Data were collected in collaboration between 13 SPECT centres located in 10 different European countries. The striatal measure of DAT availability was analyzed in a multiple regression model with age, SPECT centre and smoking as predictor. RESULTS: There was no statistically significant difference in DAT availability between the groups of active smokers, ex-smokers and non-smokers (p = 0.34). Further, we could not demonstrate a significant association between striatal DAT and the number of cigarettes per day or total lifetime cigarette packages in smokers and ex-smokers. CONCLUSION: Our results do not support the hypothesis that large differences in striatal DAT availability are present in smokers compared to ex-smokers and healthy volunteers with no history of smoking.
    EJNMMI research. 05/2013; 3(1):39.
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    European Journal of Nuclear Medicine 04/2013; · 4.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Serotonergic neurons in the rodent hypothalamus are implicated in key neuroendocrine and metabolic functions, including circadian rhythmicity. However, the assessment of the serotonergic system in the human hypothalamus in vivo is difficult as delineation of the hypothalamus is cumbersome with conventional region-of-interest analysis. In the present study, we aimed to develop a method to visualize serotonin transporters (SERT) in the hypothalamus. Additionally, we tested the hypothesis that hypothalamic SERT binding ratios are different between patients with hypothalamic impairment (HI), pituitary insufficiency (PI), and control subjects (C). METHODS: SERT availability was determined in 17 subjects (6 HI, 5 PI, and 6 healthy controls), 2 h after injection of 123I-N-omega-fluoropropyl-2beta-carboxymethoxy-3beta-(4-iodophenyl) nortropane ([123I]FP-CIT), using single-photon emission computed tomography (performed on a brain-dedicated system) fused with individual magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of the brain. The hypothalamus (representing specific SERT binding) and cerebellum (representing nonspecific binding) were manually delineated on each MRI to assess [123I]FP-CIT binding and specific-to-nonspecific binding ratios. RESULTS: In each healthy subject, [123I]FP-CIT binding was higher in the hypothalamus than in the cerebellum, and the mean hypothalamic binding ratio of SERT was 0.29 +/- 0.23. We found no difference in hypothalamic binding ratios between HI, PI, and control subjects (HI 0.16 +/- 0.24, PI 0.45 +/- 0.39, C 0.29 +/- 0.23, p value 0.281). CONCLUSIONS: We were able to demonstrate SERT binding in the human hypothalamus in vivo. However, we did not find altered hypothalamic SERT binding in patients with hypothalamic impairment.Trial registration: Netherlands Trial Register: NTR2520.
    EJNMMI research. 04/2013; 3(1):34.
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    ABSTRACT: Clinical (123)I-2-β-carbomethoxy-3β-(4-iodophenyl)-N-(3-fluoropropyl)nortropane ((123)I-FP-CIT) SPECT studies are commonly performed and reported using visual evaluation of tracer binding, an inherently subjective method. Increased objectivity can potentially be obtained using semiquantitative analysis. In this study, we assessed whether semiquantitative analysis of (123)I-FP-CIT tracer binding created more reproducible clinical reporting. A secondary aim was to determine in what form semiquantitative data should be provided to the reporter. METHODS: Fifty-four patients referred for the assessment of nigrostriatal dopaminergic degeneration were scanned using SPECT/CT, followed by semiquantitative analysis calculating striatal binding ratios (SBRs) and caudate-to-putamen ratios (CPRs). Normal reference values were obtained using 131 healthy controls enrolled on a multicenter initiative backed by the European Association of Nuclear Medicine. A purely quantitative evaluation was first performed, with each striatum scored as normal or abnormal according to reference values. Three experienced nuclear medicine physicians then scored each striatum as normal or abnormal, also indicating cases perceived as difficult, using visual evaluation, visual evaluation in combination with SBR data, and visual evaluation in combination with SBR and CPR data. Intra- and interobserver agreement and agreement between observers and the purely quantitative evaluation were assessed using κ-statistics. The agreement between scan interpretation and clinical diagnosis was assessed for patients with a postscan clinical diagnosis available (n = 35). RESULTS: The physicians showed consistent reporting, with a good intraobserver agreement obtained for the visual interpretation (mean κ ± SD, 0.95 ± 0.029). Although visual interpretation of tracer binding gave good interobserver agreement (0.80 ± 0.045), this was improved as SBRs (0.86 ± 0.070) and CPRs (0.95 ± 0.040) were provided. The number of striata perceived as difficult to interpret decreased as semiquantitative data were provided (30 for the visual interpretation; 0 as SBR and CPR values were given). The agreement between physicians' interpretations and the purely quantitative evaluation showed that readers used the semiquantitative data to different extents, with a more experienced reader relying less on the semiquantitative data. Good agreement between scan interpretation and clinical diagnosis was seen. CONCLUSION: A combined approach of visual assessment and semiquantitative analysis of tracer binding created more reproducible clinical reporting of (123)I-FP-CIT SPECT studies. Physicians should have access to both SBR and CPR data to minimize interobserver variability.
    Journal of Nuclear Medicine 03/2013; · 5.77 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

4k Citations
961.84 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1997–2014
    • Academisch Medisch Centrum Universiteit van Amsterdam
      • • Department of Nuclear Medicine
      • • Department of Psychiatry
      • • Department of Neurology
      Amsterdamo, North Holland, Netherlands
  • 1992–2014
    • University of Amsterdam
      • • Department of Neurology
      • • Department of Radiology
      • • Faculty of Medicine AMC
      • • Department of Nuclear Medicine
      Amsterdamo, North Holland, Netherlands
  • 2013
    • University of Antwerp
      Antwerpen, Flanders, Belgium
  • 2003–2012
    • VU University Medical Center
      • • Department of Nuclear Medicine and PET Research
      • • Department of Medical Psychology
      • • Department of Neurology
      Amsterdam, North Holland, Netherlands
  • 1995–2009
    • VU University Amsterdam
      • Department of Neurology
      Amsterdam, North Holland, Netherlands
  • 2008
    • Academic Medical Center (AMC)
      Amsterdamo, North Holland, Netherlands
    • University Medical Center Utrecht
      • Image Sciences Institute
      Utrecht, Provincie Utrecht, Netherlands
  • 2006
    • Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam
      • Institute of Psychology (IOP)
      Rotterdam, South Holland, Netherlands
  • 1998
    • Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau
      's-Gravenhage, South Holland, Netherlands