Sławomir Marszałek

Greater Poland Cancer Centre, Posen, Greater Poland Voivodeship, Poland

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Publications (16)4.83 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) accounts for 20 % of all skin malignancies and 20 % of deaths. In contrast to mucosal SCC, treatment results are very good. However, regional metastases are present in 5-20 % of cases, and the prognosis for patients with metastases is 50 % lower. It has been reported that several risk factors are responsible for the head and neck lymph node regional metastasis, such as: poor cell differentiation, local recurrence, immunosuppression, and tumour dimension. Multivariate analysis of metastatic neck lesions in head and neck cSCC. Retrospective analysis of patients treated at our department for head and neck cSCC. The study includes 100 patients: 66 males (66 %) and 34 females (34 %), aged 26-98 years (mean age 74.6). The tumour was evaluated for: sex predilection, local recurrence, stage (according to 7th edition of American Joint Committee on Cancer TNM staging), differentiation, and site. Most patients (79 cases; 79 %) were treated for primary cSCC, while the other 21 patients presented local recurrence of cSCC. Neck metastases were diagnosed in five patients with primary cSCC and in three with recurrent cSCC. No distant metastasis was observed. The most common tumour location was the auricle (29 cases; 29 %). Neck dissection was performed most frequently in patients with lip tumours (17/22 cases; 77 %). Neck metastasis was diagnosed most often in patients with cSCC on the lip (2 patients) and buccal region (2 patients). The most common tumour location in males was the auricle (25/66 cases; 38 %) whereas in females the nasal and buccal regions were the most common locations, with 8 patients each (8/34 cases; 23 %). Neck dissection was performed in 20 of the 66 males (30 %) and in 12 of the 34 females (35 %). Neck metastasis was confirmed in 5 females (15 %) and 3 males (5 %). The most common histopathological tumour stage was G2 (57 cases; 57 %). Of the eight patients with confirmed neck metastasis, four had poorly-differentiated (histopathological stage G3). Thus, 4 of the 24 patients (17 %) with stage G3 tumours experienced metastasis. Our findings suggest that factors such as local recurrence, degree of cell differentiation, tumour dimension and/or location, can increase the risk of neck metastases. For this reason, in patients with such risk factors, neck dissection should be considered to evaluate for metastatic lesions.
    Archiv für Klinische und Experimentelle Ohren- Nasen- und Kehlkopfheilkunde 09/2014; · 1.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common type of non-melanoma malignant skin tumors. Eighty-five percent of all cases are located on the skin of the head and neck. The risk of recurrence after surgery is estimated at 5-15%.
    Postȩpy dermatologii i alergologii. 06/2014; 31(3):146-51.
  • Sławomir Marszałek
    Zeszyty Naukowe WCO, Letters in Oncology Science. 01/2013; 10:8–9.
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    ABSTRACT: Occupational voice disorders are accompanied by increased tension of the external laryngeal muscle which changes the position of the larynx and consequently disturbs the conditions of functioning of the vocal tract. The aim of the study is to assess the use of osteopathic procedures in the diagnosis and treatment of occupational dysphonia. Study subjects included 40 teachers with chronic diseases of the voice organ (38 women and 2 men) aged from 39 to 59 (mean age: 48.25). Before and after the voice therapy the osteopathic examination according to Libermann's protocol was performed as well as phoniatric examination including laryngovideostroboscopy (LVSS), assessment of the maximum phonation time (MPT) and the Voice Handicap Index (VHI) score. The voice therapy, scheduled and supervised by a laryngologist-phoniatrician and conducted by a speech-language pathologist, was supplemented with osteopathic myofascial rehabilitation of the larynx. The chi-square McNemar test and non-parametric Wilcoxon matched pairs test were applied in the statistical assessment. The applied interdisciplinary treatment including osteopathic and vocal therapy resulted in a statistically significant decrease in tenderness of muscles raising the larynx (cricothyroid ligament, sternocleidomastoid muscles, and pharyngeal constrictor muscles) and in lowering the tonus (geniohyoid muscles, pharyngeal constrictor muscles and sternocleidomastoid muscles). A significant improvement was also observed in the case of dysfunction of the cricothyroid joint examined during glissando and yawning, as well as in asymmetry of the thyrohyoid apparatus. Moreover, the therapy resulted in significantly better normalization of the head position and better control of the centre of gravity of the body. Statistically significant post-therapy improvement was observed in the phoniatric examination, including VHI scores, MPT results and parameters of videostroboscopic examination. The use of osteopathic therapy helps significantly improve the functions of the vocal tract in patients with occupational dysphonia.
    International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health 06/2012; 25(3):225-35. · 1.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: As a result of laryngeal injures an abnormal phonation is frequently observed. It is the consequence of structural and functional changes of the laryngeal tissues directly and indirectly responsible for the voice emission. Physiotherapy enables the normalization of the tension and function of the anatomical structures changed after trauma. The aim of the study Presentation of the results of the physiotherapy and voice rehabilitation treatment established for patient with voice disorders, occurred after cranio-cerebral trauma. Material and Methods The 47 year old man two years after cranio-cerebral trauma was presented, which voice was hoarse, produced with a strong neck and shoulder girdle muscle tension. Phonation time was significantly shortened. During the manual examination the abnormal of mobility, range of movement and soft tissue tension in neck, head and upper trunk area has been observed. The systematic rehabilitation program was started 2 years after injury and it was continued for four months. The individual program contains physiotherapy, osteopathic and speech therapy treatment. The phoniatric examination was performed before and after rehabilitation Results After four months of treatment and after self-therapy exercises the significant changes were observed. Patient's voice became no more strain, but stronger and socially effective. Conclusions The application of an individual therapy which contained osteopathic manual muscle-fascial techniques allows a subjective and objective improvement of voice in a examined patient. This procedure is an effective complement to logopedic and phoniatric therapy for patients after trauma of the larynx.
    Journal of Electrocardiology - J ELECTROCARDIOL. 01/2011; 65(4):285-288.
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    ABSTRACT: Treatment in a health spa with proper infrastructure and professional medical care can provide optimal conditions for intensive voice rehabilitation, especially for people with occupational voice disorders. The most numerous group of people with voice disorders are teachers. In Poland, they have an opportunity to take care of, or regain, their health during a one-year paid leave. The authors describe a multi-specialist model of extensive treatment of voice disorders in a health spa, including holistic and interdisciplinary procedures in occupational dysphonia. Apart from balneotherapy, the spa treatment includes vocal training exercises, relaxation exercises, elements of physiotherapy with the larynx manual therapy and psychological workshops. The voice rehabilitation organized already for two groups of teachers has been received with great satisfaction by this occupational group. The implementation of a model program of extensive treatment of voice disorders in a health spa should become one of the steps aimed at preventing occupational voice diseases.
    Medycyna pracy 01/2010; 61(6):685-91. · 0.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The article presents the role of a physiotherapist and an ostheopath in the multidimensional management of occupational voice disorders. The influence ofbiomechanical characteristics of the musculo-fascial system on vocal apparatus is described. The visual and palpating methods used in physiotherapeutic/ostheopatic diagnostics, including the assessment of joint mobility and ergonomics in dynamic and static situations are also outlined.
    Medycyna pracy 01/2010; 61(2):205-11. · 0.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In patients after total laryngectomy, increased tension in myofascial neck and arm areas might be observed. Via fascial continuity it has an adverse impact on the superior esophageal constrictor forming the "mouth of the oesophagus", which hinders learning of esophageal speech. The aim is to assess the effect of manual myofascial release techniques on esophageal pressure in patients after total laryngectomy. Forty patients (12 F, 28 M), aged 43-75 (mean 56.8 years), 9 months to 13 years (average 3 years) after total laryngectomy, 35 patients (87.5%) after neck lymph node resection, 38 patients (95%) after radiotherapy. Esophageal pressure was assessed using modified Seeman's method. Manual myofascial release techniques were applied within head, neck, arms, upper trunk and upper limb areas. Wilcoxon and Shapiro-Wilk's test was used for the purpose of statistical analysis. Statistically significant decrease of the mean esophageal pressure was observed after the physiotherapy treatment. The average pressure among the examined patients decreased from 37.9 to 26.6 mmHg. The application of myofascial manual techniques decreases esophageal pressure, thus allowing patients to learn esophagus speech at a faster pace.
    Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology 12/2008; 266(8):1305-8. · 1.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The increase of patients after total laryngectomy myofascial neck and arms area tension might be observed. Via fascial continuity it has an adverse impact on superior oesophageal constrictor, forming the "mouth of oesophagus", which hinders learning oesophagus speech. The assessment of manual myofascial release techniques influence on the patients' oesophagus pressure after total laryngectomy. 40 patients (12 F, 28 M), aged 43-75 (middle 56, 8 years), 9 months to 13 years (average 3 years) after total laryngectomy, 35 patients (87.5%) after neck lymph node's resection, 38 patients (95%) after radiotherapy. The oesophagus pressure was checked by modified Seeman's method. Manual myofascial release techniques were applied within head, neck, arms, upper trunk and upper limbs area. Wilcoxon and Shapiro-Wilk's test was used for the purpose of statistical analysis. A statistical significant decrease of the mean of oesophagus pressure was observed after physiotherapy treatment. The average pressure among the examined group decreased from 37.9 to 26.6 mm Hg. The application of myofascial manual techniques decreased an oesophagus pressure which allows patients to obtain faster oesophagus speech.
    Otolaryngologia polska. The Polish otolaryngology 02/2008; 62(6):686-90.
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    ABSTRACT: Patient with hypopharyngeal cancer are difficult to treat because they usually present with advanced disease, poor general health status and severe nutritional problems. Because of the poor prognosis, careful consideration has to be given regarding the choice of the correct surgical approach for respirato-digestive tract reconstruction. The authors present a case of recurrent hypopharyngeal cancer with cervical esophagus infiltration successfully treated with total laryngectomy and esophagectomy and gastric pull up reconstruction. Indications for technique, method of reconstruction and complications are discussed. As most authors we consider the gastric transposition method as the preferred approach to restore digestive continuity after total esophagectomy. As the method is the single stage procedure it provides the best palliation of dysphagia and allows early resumption of an oral diet.
    Journal of Electrocardiology - J ELECTROCARDIOL. 01/2008; 62(5):616-620.
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    ABSTRACT: The increase of patients after total laryngectomy myofascial neck and arms area tension might be observed. Via fascial continuity it has an adverse impact on superior oesophageal constrictor, forming the “mouth of oesophagus”, which hinders learning oesophagus speech. The aim The assessment of manual myofascial release techniques influence on the patients’ oesophagus pressure after total laryngectomy. Material 40 patients (12 F, 28 M), aged 43–75 (middle 56,8 years), 9 months to 13 years (average 3 years) after total laryngectomy, 35 patients (87.5%) after neck lymph node's resection, 38 patients (95%) after radiotherapy. Methods The oesophagus pressure was checked by modified Seeman's method. Manual myofascial release techniques were applied within head, neck, arms, upper trunk and upper limbs area. Wilcoxon and Shapiro-Wilk's test was used for the purpose of statistical analysis. Results A statistical significant decrease of the mean of oesophagus pressure was observed after physiotherapy treatment. The average pressure among the examined group decreased from 37,9 to 26,6 mm Hg. Conclusions The application of myofascial manual techniques decreased an oesophagus pressure which allows patients to obtain faster oesophagus speech.
    Journal of Electrocardiology - J ELECTROCARDIOL. 01/2008; 62(6):686-690.
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    ABSTRACT: After total laryngectomy and follow-up treatment (including radiotherapy) there are many functional disorders in the head and neck. This restricts the movement of the chest and shoulders, and also decreases the ventilation of the lungs. Consequently the level of endurance in people following total laryngectomy is significantly lower. Many patients also view cancer as physically disenabling, so they don't want to do as much physical activity as they could. However it could be seen that intensive physiotherapy with aerobic training and physical exercises led to a decrease in the negative effects of oncological treatment. The influence of physical exercise on aerobic efficiency was examined on a mechanical track during the aerobic test according to a modified version of Bruce's protocol. In conclusion when aerobic training and physical exercises are included in the physiotherapy program for laryngectomised patients an increase in their physical endurance is visible.
    Otolaryngologia polska. The Polish otolaryngology 02/2005; 59(1):49-54.
  • Sławomir Marszałek, Wojciech Golusinski, Lechosław B Dworak
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    ABSTRACT: After total laryngectomy and after complete treatment (radiotherapy) there are many functional disorders in the range of head and neck. These decrease muscle strength and flexibility of muscles of cervical spine. This causes disorders of physiological range of motions of this area. The introduction of the stretching techniques (postisometric relaxation) to the physiotherapy program allows to decrease negative effects of treatment, mentioned above. The therapy of main cervical muscles was carried out during a two week rehabilitation camp. Biomechanical-kinesiological tests were used to assess the effect of the physiotherapy program. The application of postisometrical relaxation and the massage of the cervical and arm muscles increased the average motor ranges and muscle strength. Cervical muscles disbalance was decreased at the same time.
    Otolaryngologia polska. The Polish otolaryngology 02/2004; 58(3):485-91.
  • Sławomir Marszałek, Wojciech Golusinski, Lechosław B Dworak
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    ABSTRACT: After total laryngectomy and after complementary treatment (radiotherapy) there are many functional disorders in the range of head and neck. It was observed, that muscles of this area became weakened with simultaneous increase of their rest tension. These changes affect reduction of physiological motor range of the cervical spine. Comparison of function of cervical muscle between patients after total laryngectomy and healthy people allows to characterize defects of neck movements. Detailed estimation of muscle strength and move range in cervical spine after total laryngectomy will enable application of effective physiotherapy program.
    Otolaryngologia polska. The Polish otolaryngology 02/2003; 57(5):649-55.
  • S. Marszałek, W. Golusiński, L. B. Dworak
    Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy 01/2003; 8.
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    ABSTRACT: As a result of laryngeal injures an abnormal phonation is frequently observed. It is the consequence of structural and functional changes of the laryngeal tissues directly and indirectly responsible for the voice emission. Physiotherapy enables the normalization of the tension and function of the anatomical structures changed after trauma. Presentation of the results of the physiotherapy and voice rehabilitation treatment established for patient with voice disorders, occurred after cranio-cerebral trauma. The 47 year old man two years after cranio-cerebral trauma was presented, which voice was hoarse, produced with a strong neck and shoulder girdle muscle tension. Phonation time was significantly shortened. During the manual examination the abnormal of mobility, range of movement and soft tissue tension in neck, head and upper trunk area has been observed. The systematic rehabilitation program was started 2 years after injury and it was continued for four months. The individual program contains physiotherapy, osteopathic and speech therapy treatment. The phoniatric examination was performed before and after rehabilitation After four months of treatment and after self-therapy exercises the significant changes were observed. Patient's voice became no more strain, but stronger and socially effective. The application of an individual therapy which contained osteopathic manual muscle-fascial techniques allows a subjective and objective improvement of voice in a examined patient. This procedure is an effective complement to logopedic and phoniatric therapy for patients after trauma of the larynx.
    Otolaryngologia polska. The Polish otolaryngology 65(4):285-8.