Hubert Ferté

Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne, Rheims, Champagne-Ardenne, France

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Publications (50)98.76 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Intravascular nematodes were considered the cause of death of 14 captive callitrichids. All animals were captive born at zoos in France and died with little or no premonitory signs of disease. No consistent gross lesions were observed at necropsy, although in certain cases intracardiac adult parasites were noted. The most significant histologic findings were verminous pneumonia and pulmonary endarteritis. In all cases except one, intravascular adult nematodes were observed with eggs and larvae in the lungs. Adult nematodes were obtained from 8 animals and in all cases were identified as Parastrongylus dujardini. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first report of intravascular angiostrongylosis with primary cardiopulmonary location in callitrichids in France.
    Veterinary Pathology 05/2014; · 1.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pulmonary protostrongyliasis of hare is a parasitic disease caused by nematodes belonging to the genus Protostrongylus (Nematoda, Protostrongylidae). During survey of wildlife disease in the South-East of France, pathologic examination of lungs from European hares found dead or hunter-killed between 2009 and 2012 was performed. Adult male worms were morphologically characterized and the identification confirmed by molecular biology (D2 domain of the 28S and ITS2 of rDNA). Two different species were identified: the first one, Protostrongylus pulmonalis, is identical with the haplotype previously deposited in GenBank. Based on morphological criteria of copulatory bursa of adult male worms (especially length of spicules and gubernaculum structure), we identified a second species found in France as Protostrongylus oryctolagi. This is the first report of P. oryctolagi in France from European hare and rabbit. P. oryctolagi was isolated from 248 hares and 3 rabbits in the South of France. P. pulmonalis was isolated from four hares found dead in the Northern France and from one hare in the South, which was co-parasitized by P. oryctolagi and P. pulmonalis. It's the first coinfection observed with these two species from a lung of hare in France.
    Parasitology Research 04/2014; · 2.85 Impact Factor
  • Cecile Patrelle, Hubert Ferté, Damien Jouet
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    ABSTRACT: We describe a PCR-RFLP-based method that allows reliable identification of four species of nematode parasites presenting similar infective third-stage larvae (L3) with a flagelliform tail and more than 16 intestinal cells, commonly observed in gastrointestinal tract of ruminants in France. Molecular analysis of the second internal transcribed spacer (ITS2) of ribosomal DNA, considered as a specific marker for Strongylida, revealed four robust monophyletic clades corresponding to species Chabertia ovina, Oesophagostomum sikae, Oesophagostomum radiatum and Oesophagostomum venulosum. One restriction enzyme (DdeI) was used to digest this domain, and we observed four different and clear digestion patterns according to these species (adults or larvae). Hence, this new method is a good tool easy to use for veterinary laboratories to characterize the different species, and allows considering possible cross transmission between domestic and wild ruminants, especially cervids often incriminated as potential reservoir of parasites for cattle. Moreover, thanks to this new tool, necroscopic analyses could be substituted by coprological methods, a non-invasive approach.
    Infection Genetics and Evolution 01/2014; · 2.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The presence of the mesocercarial stage of Alaria alata (Goeze, 1792) in wild boar meat represents a potential risk for human, but little is known about the circulation of mesocercaria in wild boar populations. Routine Trichinella inspection, mandatorily performed in wild boar in France, also allowed detecting mesocercaria. We analyzed the results of this detection in the carcasses of 27,582 wild boars hunted in 2007-2011, in 502 hunting areas of the Rhine valley. Prevalence was globally low (0.6%), but 12% of the hunting areas were affected. These were clustered in lowlands of the Rhine valley, and prevalence strongly decreased with increasing elevation. In the lowlands, prevalence doubled between 2007 and 2011. This time trend and the geographic aggregation of positive wild boars suggest risk management measures based on targeted surveillance, control and prevention.
    Veterinary Parasitology 09/2013; · 2.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Parasitological investigations on red-breasted mergansers (Mergus serrator L.) in Iceland revealed digenean flukes of the family Schistosomatidae. Adult worms were detected in blood vessels of the large intestine and eggs were deposited in the mucosa and surrounded by granulomatous reactions. Traditional morphological methods showed that the flukes have very slender filiform bodies, males are equipped with a short gynaecophoric canal and both suckers and spatulate ends are present on each sex. Among characteristics of the flukes which render them morphologically distinct from other Trichobilharzia species are: i) males - well developed vesicula seminalis (v.s.) consisting of a short v. s. externa and a significantly longer (approx. 3 times) v. s. interna, unusually well developed genital papilla and localization of the first testis a relatively long distance posterior to the gynaecophoric canal; ii) eggs - small and elongated with slightly rounded poles and a short terminal spine. DNA taxonomic techniques confirmed that a new species had been identified, Trichobilharzia mergi sp.n. The sequence data were deposited in GenBank under the accession numbers JX456151to JX456172. Comparison of the results with our previously published data on characterization of DNA of cercariae isolated from freshwater lymnaeid snails showed that larval development of T. mergi is associated with Radix balthica L. (= R. peregra Müller, 1774; = R. ovata Draparnaud, 1805).
    Parasitology International 03/2013; · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Postmortem examination of a 4-mo-old captive-born blue-crowned motmot (Momotus momota) at the Montpellier Zoo in France revealed the presence of air sac flukes. Circumvitellatrema momota (Digenea: Cyclocoelidae) was suspected and confirmed by molecular genetic analysis. Digenean metacercariae were extracted from an invasive species of terrestrial snail, the conical periwinkle, Subulina striatella. Molecular genetic analysis determined that these metacercariae were also C. momota, confirming that all the stages of this parasite's life cycle were present and that birds were likely becoming infected by eating these infected snails. It is likely that this trematode was imported into the greenhouse with a wild-caught motmot. The conical periwinkle snail appears to have been imported into the zoo with the plants in 2007 when the greenhouse was built. Treatments, which have been disappointing, are discussed, as well as preventive measures to avoid dissemination of the parasite into other bird collections in Europe.
    Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 09/2012; 43(3):689-92. · 0.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Alaria alata (Goeze, 1792), a trematode that parasitizes canids, usually needs two intermediate hosts to complete its life cycle: an aquatic freshwater snail and an amphibian. Although many studies have been undertaken on the wild boar's role as paratenic host, owing to the potential threat to human health, few have sought to identify the snails that act as first intermediate hosts in natural conditions. Adopting a molecular approach, with specific markers for a portion of the second internal transcribed spacer (ITS-2), we detected haplotypes of A. alata furcocercariae in two snail species (Planorbis planorbis and Anisus vortex), identified by molecular analysis (ribosomal 18S, mitochondrial 16S and COI). This study provides the first description of snails naturally emitting A. alata furcocercaria in Western Europe.
    Veterinary Parasitology 06/2012; 190(1-2):151-8. · 2.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The first author detected the nasal bird schistosome Trichobilharzia regenti in Iceland in Anas platyrhynchos in Landmannalaugar in autumn of 2003. Since then, measurements and morphological studies have been performed on fresh worms (fragments) obtained in the area from naturally infected ducks, A. platyrhynchos and Aythya marila. In the present study, we compare our findings to the original description of T. regenti by Horák et al. (Parasite 5:349-357, 1998) that relies upon worms obtained by experimental infections of A. platyrhynchos f. domestica and Cairina moschata f. domestica ducklings. Fragments obtained from naturally infected birds are markedly larger than those obtained in the experimental infection. Also, indistinct sex-related size difference was confirmed; males were more abundant in the material than females. Previously unknown morphological features detected in the present study include, e.g. subterminal spines on the oral sucker directed to the oral opening, spine pattern on the apical part of acetabulum and long tegumental spines (up to 16 μm) in the gonad and tail regions of both sexes. In males, we evaluated for the first time the morphology of the cirrus sac enclosing ejaculatory duct, prostata and the entire prostatic region, the course of vas deferens and the position of genital papilla. In females, the posterior part of the reproductive system was studied for the first time. The presence of the Laurer's canal was confirmed and its course from the oviduct to the surface, where spermatozoa were noticed to leave the canal, was described.
    Parasitology Research 12/2011; 110(5):1881-92. · 2.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The trematode Alaria alata is a cosmopolite parasite found in red foxes (Vulpes vulpes), the main definitive host in Europe. In contrast only few data are reported in wild boars (Sus scrofa), a paratenic host. The aim of this paper is to describe the importance and distribution of Alaria alata mesocercariae in wild boars, information is given by findings of these larvae during Trichinella mandatory meat inspection on wild boars' carcasses aimed for human consumption. More than a hundred cases of mesocercariae positive animals are found every year in the East of France. First investigations on the parasite's resistance to deep-freezing in meat are presented in this work.
    Parasite (Paris, France) 08/2011; 18(3):271-5. · 1.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To the Editor: In April 2009, a 47-year-old woman in Saint-Jeannet in southern France reported stomach aches, abdominal bloating, and occasional diarrhea. Blood analyses found an increased eosinophil level (8,800 cells/mm3), which represented 52% of 16,900 leukocytes/mm3. Parasitologic examinations for helminths were conducted with 6 fecal specimens obtained during June 9-July 2, 2009. Analyses included direct wet mount microscopic examination, Merthiolate-iodine-formaldehyde concentration, formalin-ethyl acetate concentration, and Baermann larval extraction.
    Emerging Infectious Diseases 07/2011; 17(7):1301-2. · 6.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The impact of parasites on population dynamics is well documented, but less is known on how host population density affects parasite spread. This relationship is difficult to assess because of confounding effects of social structure, population density, and environmental conditions that lead to biased among-population comparisons. Here, we analyzed the infestation by two groups of nematodes (gastro-intestinal (GI) strongyles and Trichuris) in the roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) population of Trois Fontaines (France) between 1997 and 2007. During this period, we experimentally manipulated population density through changes in removals. Using measures collected on 297 individuals, we quantified the impact of density on parasite spread after taking into account possible influences of date, age, sex, body mass, and weather conditions. The prevalence and abundance of eggs of both parasites in females were positively related to roe deer density, except Trichuris in adult females. We also found a negative relationship between parasitism and body mass, and strong age and sex-dependent patterns of parasitism. Prime-age adults were less often parasitized and had lower fecal egg counts than fawns or old individuals, and males were more heavily and more often infected than females. Trichuris parasites were not affected by weather, whereas GI strongyles were less present after dry and hot summers. In the range of observed densities, the observed effect of density likely involves a variation of the exposure rate, as opposed to variation in host susceptibility.
    Oecologia 05/2011; 167(3):635-46. · 3.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recently, the systematic use of the molecular approach as a complement to the other approaches (morphology, biology, life cycle) has brought help for the identification of species considered as different in the past to be regrouped and synonymised, and distinctions to be drawn between species similar at the morphological level. Among these species, we tried to clarify the situation of Trichobilharzia frankiMüller and Kimmig, 1994, species that today include more than 50 haplotypes notably coming from larval stages isolated from intermediate hosts belonging to gastropods of the Radix genus. Cercariae were isolated in France and Iceland from various molluscs, before being analyzed, with their hosts, by molecular analysis of various fields such as the D2 and ITS of the ribosomal DNA and the COX1 of mitochondrial DNA. We thus show the presence of two clades depending on the specificity of their intermediate host in which they were isolated (Radix auricularia or Radix peregra), thus allowing separation of the species T. franki that had been described in the past as a probable new species.
    Infection, genetics and evolution: journal of molecular epidemiology and evolutionary genetics in infectious diseases 12/2010; 10(8):1218-27. · 3.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In Europe, despite of intensive work on avian schistosomes in the past, only one representative of nasal schistosomes has been detected so far, Trichobilharzia regenti, a species that remained undescribed to the scientific community until 1998. Since then, however, T. regenti has gained a considerable attention, not only due to the induction of serious lesions concomitant with the migration of the schistosomulae through the central nervous system of their natural hosts (birds) but also due to their implication in cercarial dermatitis and their neurotrophic behaviour in mammals (mice, experimental) where the parasite migrate to the CNS. From 2001 to 2010, by a parasitic control of various potential final hosts (aquatic birds) living in natural condition in France and in Iceland, we detected T. regenti in six species: Anas platyrhynchos, Cygnus olor, Aythya fuligula, Aythya ferina, Mergus merganser and Anser anser. Although morphological features, mainly of eggs, showed some variations with the original description of the parasite, molecular analysis confirmed their membership to the T. regenti species. Nevertheless, specific molecular and morphological variations were especially observed for nasal parasite isolated from Anas clypeata. For this species, we discuss the possibility for this nasal schistosome to belong to a nasal Trichobilharzia species already described in Africa or even an undescribed nasal species.
    Parasitology Research 09/2010; 107(4):923-30. · 2.85 Impact Factor
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    Parasite (Paris, France) 06/2010; 17(2):172. · 1.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In March 2002, ten roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) were released in a partly wooded 14.2-ha enclosure to investigate the effect of high population density on vegetation cover and demographic parameters. However, in mid 2003, five animals died after rapid emaciation. Two other deer were killed to carry out further post-mortem examination. In addition to a general loss of body mass and injuries in males caused by the healthiest of them, we found a high level of parasitism. The remaining animals received anti-parasite treatment, and four other treated roe deer were added into the enclosure. All the deer were then captured and treated against parasites twice a year, the fawns being removed when first captured. Four years after the crash, the population seemed healthy: deaths no longer occurred; mean adult body mass reached 27.6kg in March; females produced on average 1.6 fawns per year, with a mean body mass of 13.8kg in October and 16.7kg in March. Furthermore, undergrowth cover changed little since March 2004. These results suggest that outbursts of parasites may cause population crashes in high-density situations before the onset of nutritive stress and may explain certain cases of ‘abnormal’ (massive) mortality recorded in roe deer.
    European Journal of Wildlife Research 11/2009; 55(6-DOI:10.1007/s10344-009-0298-8):621-625. · 1.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Toxoplasma gondii strains isolated from domestic animals and humans have been classified into three clonal lineages types I-III, with differences in terms of pathogenicity to mice. Much less is known on T. gondii genotypes in wild animals. In this report, genotypes of T. gondii isolated from wild boar (Sus scrofa) in France are described. During the hunting seasons 2002-2008, sera and tissues of individuals from two French regions, one continental and one insular, were tested for Toxoplasma infection. Antibodies to T. gondii were found in 26 (17.6%) of 148 wild boars using the modified agglutination test (MAT, positivity threshold: 1:24). Seroprevalence was 45.9% when considering a threshold of 1:6. Hearts of individuals with a positive agglutination (starting dilution 1:6) (n=60) were bioassayed in mice for isolation of viable T. gondii. In total, 21 isolates of T. gondii were obtained. Genotyping of the isolates using 3 PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism markers (SAG1, SAG2 and GRA7) and 6 microsatellite loci analysis (TUB2, TgM-A, W35, B17, B18 and M33) revealed that all belonged to type II lineage. These results underline that wild boar may serve as an important reservoir for transmission of T. gondii, and that strains present in wildlife may not be different from strains from the domestic environment.
    Veterinary Parasitology 07/2009; 164(2-4):296-300. · 2.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Phlebotomus chabaudi Croset, Abonnenc & Rioux, 1970 and Phlebotomus riouxi Depaquit, Killick-Kendrick & Le´ ger, 1998 (Diptera: Psychodidae) are closely related species of phlebotomine sand ßies, the females of which are suspected of transmitting Leishmania killicki Rioux, Lanotte, and Pratlong 1986 in Tunisia. Although males of these species are distinguishable by the number and size of setae on the basal lobe of the coxite, morphologically differential characters between the females are blurred. A molecular study, based on 40 Algerian and Tunisian specimens, was conducted to distinguish females of these two species. Alignment of the cytochrome c oxidase I (COI) sequences and their analysis by using neighbor-joining and maximum likelihood showed the separation of P. chabaudi and P. riouxi, irrespective of intraspeciÞc variability. Both COI and cytochrome b have been tested as molecular identiÞcation tools. Single strand conformation polymorphism analysis did not distinguish these two species, whereas restriction fragment length polymorphism can be applied to identify P. chabaudi and P. riouxi for surveillance purposes.
    Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 05/2009; 102:347-353.
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    ABSTRACT: The prevalence of human cercarial dermatitis (HCD) caused by bird schistosomes appears to be increasing in France, in light of the impact of tourism combined with high densities of wild aquatic hosts in freshwater areas. The present work expands our knowledge of schistosome systematics by including samples of bird schistosomes collected from their natural hosts in France. Heads (318) and viscera (81) of aquatic birds belonging to 16 species from five orders, collecting during the hunting seasons or found dead, were autopsied for nasal and visceral schistosomes. Eggs and/or adults were analysed by molecular methods using the D2 domain and the second internal transcribed spacer (ITS-2) region of rDNA to determine species. Even if nasal eggs were polymorphic according to the host, all haplotypes were similar to that of Trichobilharzia regenti. Marked diversity of visceral species was observed. Final hosts under natural conditions were reported. For the first time, Trichobilharzia franki is reported in its natural bird hosts, Anas platyrhynchos, Anas crecca, Aythya fuligula and Cygnus olor. We also identified T. szidati in A. crecca and Anas clypeata. Bilharziella polonica was found in six species of aquatic birds, including Grus grus. This finding is the first record of bird schistosomes in this aquatic bird. Three new taxa of visceral schistosomes in Anser anser are strongly suspected according to their haplotypes. Futhermore, a new haplotype of visceral schistosomes isolated in Cygnus olor and similar to Allobilharzia visceralis was identified.
    Journal of Helminthology 05/2009; 83(2):181-9. · 1.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Phlebotomus chabaudi Croset, Abonnenc & Rioux, 1970 and Phlebotomus riouxi Depaquit, Killick-Kendrick & Léger, 1998 (Diptera: Psychodidae) are closely related species of phlebotomine sand flies, the females of which are suspected of transmitting Leishmania killicki Rioux, Lanotte, and Pratlong 1986 in Tunisia. Although males of these species are distinguishable by the number and size of setae on the basal lobe of the coxite, morphologically differential characters between the females are blurred. A molecular study, based on 40 Algerian and Tunisian specimens, was conducted to distinguish females of these two species. Alignment of the cytochrome c oxidase I (COI) sequences and their analysis by using neighbor-joining and maximum likelihood showed the separation of P. chabaudi and P. riouxi, irrespective of intraspecific variability. Both COI and cytochrome b have been tested as molecular identification tools. Single strand conformation polymorphism analysis did not distinguish these two species, whereas restriction fragment length polymorphism can be applied to identify P. chabaudi and P. riouxi for surveillance purposes.
    Annals of the Entomological Society of America 04/2009; 102(3):347-353. · 1.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We compared here the suitability and efficacy of traditional morphological approach and DNA barcoding to distinguish filarioid nematodes species (Nematoda, Spirurida). A reliable and rapid taxonomic identification of these parasites is the basis for a correct diagnosis of important and widespread parasitic diseases. The performance of DNA barcoding with different parameters was compared measuring the strength of correlation between morphological and molecular identification approaches. Molecular distance estimation was performed with two different mitochondrial markers (coxI and 12S rDNA) and different combinations of data handling were compared in order to provide a stronger tool for easy identification of filarioid worms. DNA barcoding and morphology based identification of filarioid nematodes revealed high coherence. Despite both coxI and 12S rDNA allow to reach high-quality performances, only coxI revealed to be manageable. Both alignment algorithm, gaps treatment, and the criteria used to define the threshold value were found to affect the performance of DNA barcoding with 12S rDNA marker. Using coxI and a defined level of nucleotide divergence to delimit species boundaries, DNA barcoding can also be used to infer potential new species. An integrated approach allows to reach a higher discrimination power. The results clearly show where DNA-based and morphological identifications are consistent, and where they are not. The coherence between DNA-based and morphological identification for almost all the species examined in our work is very strong. We propose DNA barcoding as a reliable, consistent, and democratic tool for species discrimination in routine identification of parasitic nematodes.
    Frontiers in Zoology 02/2009; 6:1. · 3.87 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

516 Citations
98.76 Total Impact Points


  • 1996–2014
    • Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne
      • Transmission vectorielle et Epidémiosurveillance de maladies parasitaires
      Rheims, Champagne-Ardenne, France
    • University of Strasbourg
      • Faculté de pharmacie
      Strasbourg, Alsace, France
  • 2013
    • Charles University in Prague
      • Department of Parasitology (PF)
      Praha, Hlavni mesto Praha, Czech Republic
  • 2011
    • University of Iceland
      • Institute for Experimental Pathology
      Reykjavík, Capital Region, Iceland